Safety and health information - 550 entries found
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Emerging risks and new patterns of prevention in a changing world of work
Risques émergents et nouvelles formes de prévention dans un monde du travail en mutation [in French]
Riesgos emergentes y nuevos modelos de prevención en un mundo de trabajo en transformación [in Spanish]
This booklet calls for the design and development of innovative national and regional strategies and programmes for facing the challenge of new hazards, emphasizing the roles of governments, employers' and workers' organizations, safety and health practitioners and other stakeholders. It also recognizes ILO's responsibility in spreading a preventive culture, through its standards and technical know-how, looking forward to a joint effort in reducing work-related fatalities, accidents and diseases.
ILO Publications, International Labour Office, 1211 Genève 22, Switzerland, 2010. 17p. Illus.
Emerging_risks_and_new_patterns_of_prevention_[INTERNET_FREE_ACCESS] [in English]
Risques_émergents_et_nouvelles_formes_de_prévention_[INTERNET_FREE_ACCESS] [in French]
Riesgos_emergentes_y_nuevos_modelos_de_prevención_[INTERNET_FREE_ACCESS] [in Spanish]
2010 Annual report
Rapport annuel 2010 [in French]
This annual report presents the objectives, mission and organization of the Luxembourg Labour and Mines Inspectorate, statistics of occupational accidents in the various sectors of industry in 2010 and a review of the main activities and initiatives carried out during 2010. Appendices include references to Luxembourg legislation. The full texts are included in a CD-ROM.
Ministère du travail et de l'emploi, B.P.27, 2010 Luxembourg, 2010. 83p. Illus. + CD-ROM.
Rapport_annuel_2010.pdf [in French]
Iranzo García Y.
Emergency signaling at the workplace (II)
Señalización de emergencia en los centros de trabajo (II) [in Spanish]
This technical information note and previous note (NTP 888, see ISN 112113) discuss the symbols for signalling emergencies at the workplace. This part addresses more specifically information and training aspects of the signalling of emergencies, the regulatory requirements to carry out maintenance of signalling equipment as well as the criteria and recommendations applicable to the various types of emergency signals, with the exception of signalling panels discussed in NTP 888.
Instituto Nacional de Seguridad e Higiene en el Trabajo, Ediciones y Publicaciones, c/Torrelaguna 73, 28027 Madrid, Spain, 2010. 8p. Illus.
NTP_889.pdf [in Spanish]
Iranzo García Y.
Emergency signaling at the workplace (I)
Señalización de emergencia en los centros de trabajo (I) [in Spanish]
This technical information note and the following note (NTP 889, see ISN 112114) discuss the symbols for signalling emergencies at the workplace. Their main goal of both is to provide basic guidelines to facilitate the process of emergency situation signalling. This part covers more specifically the general aspects, criteria and recommendations concerning signalling panels.
Instituto Nacional de Seguridad e Higiene en el Trabajo, Ediciones y Publicaciones, c/Torrelaguna 73, 28027 Madrid, Spain, 2010. 8p. Illus. 26 ref.
NTP_888.pdf [in Spanish]
Araújo García C.
Terms related to the prevention of occupational hazards: Doubts and difficulties in their definitions
Términos relacionados con la prevención de riesgos laborales: dudas y dificultades en su escritura [in Spanish]
This information sheet discusses some of the issues and problems with respect to occupational safety and health terminology and definitions in Spanish. It includes a list of some of the terms giving rise to uncertainties, together with a definition of their proper use as proposed by the Royal Academy Spanish .
Instituto Nacional de Seguridad e Higiene en el Trabajo, Ediciones y Publicaciones, c/Torrelaguna 73, 28027 Madrid, Spain, 2010. 6p. 6 ref.
NTP_886.pdf [in Spanish]
Annual report of activities 2010
Annual report of activities of the Centre for the Improvement of Working Conditions and Environment of the Industrial Relations Institute of the Province of Punjab, Pakistan, for the year 2010. Topics addressed include: awards received; case studies of accidents; certifications received; construction of new facilities; information dissemination for the prevention of child labour and bonded labour; installation of new testing facilities and equipment; organization and functions of the centre; overview of 2010 accident statistics; publications; risk assessment surveys in industry; seminars and exhibitions; training courses; training materials.
Centre for the Improvement of Working Conditions and Environment (CIWCE), Civic Centre Township (near Chandni Chowk), Lahore, Pakistan, 2010. 82p. Illus.
Annual_report_of_activities_2010.pdf [in English]
Occupational safety and health culture
La cultura de la prevención [in Spanish]
This document examines, in conceptual, theoretical and methodological terms, the importance of promoting occupational safety and health culture as an efficient tool for improving living and working conditions.
Ministerio de Trabajo y Seguridad Social de la Provincia de Santa Fe,
Rivadavia 3049/51 Ciudad de Santa Fe, S3000FWI, Argentina, 2010. 55p. 100 ref.
Ministerio de trabajo, empleo y seguridad social
The safety culture for the prevention of occupational hazards is a national project
La cultura de la prevención en riesgos del trabajo es un proyecto nacional [in Spanish]
This document on the prevention of occupational hazards in Argentina presents a broad overview of efforts undertaken in the various provinces. Individual summary sheets provide key information for each province, describing the progress made and presenting general information as well as employment and accident statistics.
Superintendencia de Riesgos del Trabajo (SRT), Bartolomé Mitre 751, C1036AAM Ciudad Autónoma de Buenos Aires, Argentina, no date. 28p. Illus. pdf document.
Thai C.C., Li P.M., Meng T.W.
OSHD 2010 annual report - Riding the momentum for WSH progress
Annual report of the Occupational Safety and Health Division of the Singapore Ministry of Manpower for the year 2010. Contents: key highlights for 2010; strategies for building strong capabilities, implementing an effective regulatory framework, promoting the benefits of occupational safety and health, developing strong partnerships locally and internationally, building string internal capabilities and charting the way for the future in specific areas (marine sector, small enterprises, ergonomics and older workers).
Ministry of Manpower, Occupational Safety and Health Division, 18 Havelock Road, Singapore 059764, 2010, 79p. Illus.
OSHD_2010_annual_report.pdf [in English]
The use of tacit knowledge in occupational safety and health management systems
A systematic approach to occupational safety and health (OSH) management and concepts of knowledge management (KM) have developed independently since the 1990s. Most KM models assume a division of knowledge into explicit and tacit. The role of tacit knowledge is stressed as necessary for higher performance in an enterprise. This article reviews literature on KM applications in OSH. Next, 10 sections of an OSH management system (OSH MS) are identified, in which creating and transferring tacit knowledge contributes significantly to prevention of occupational injuries and diseases. The roles of tacit knowledge in OSH MS are contrasted with those of explicit knowledge, but a lack of a model that would describe this process holistically is pointed out. Finally, examples of methods and tools supporting the use of KM in OSH MS are presented and topics of future research aimed at enhancing KM applications in OSH MS are proposed.
International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics, 2010, Vol.16, No.3, p.283-310. Illus. 74 ref.
Llacuna Morera J.
Emotionally unpleasant communication situations: Verbal and non-verbal responses
Situaciones comunicativas emocionalmente desagradables: respuesta verbal y no verbal [in Spanish]
This information note presents a series of communicative situations that are unpleasant or aggressive to the recipient. These situations cause emotional responses which may hinder the effectiveness of the communication, for example for the training and information of personnel.
Instituto Nacional de Seguridad e Higiene en el Trabajo, Ediciones y Publicaciones, c/Torrelaguna 73, 28027 Madrid, Spain, 2010. 4p. Illus. 13 ref.
NTP_885.pdf [in Spanish]
Bestratén Belloví M.
Excellence and working conditions: The EFQM 2010 model
Excelencia empresarial y condiciones de trabajo: el modelo EFQM 2010 [in Spanish]
This technical note on the 2010 EFQM excellence model for total quality management of an enterprise updates NTP 556 (see CIS 02-1209) following a revision to model in 2010. It describes the nine criteria to be considered, which are maintained with some changes. It includes a table showing the modifications from the 2003 version and an enterprise evaluation form according to EFQM 2010.
Instituto Nacional de Seguridad e Higiene en el Trabajo, Ediciones y Publicaciones, c/Torrelaguna 73, 28027 Madrid, Spain, 2010. 8p. Illus. 2 ref.
NTP_870.pdf [in Spanish]
This Internet page presents a digital training package - ILO Construction Occupational Safety and Health (OSH). It provides tutors with the materials required to plan, create and deliver a construction safety and health course built to the needs of the participants. The information is structured in a highly flexible, modular format which enables its use in varied training scenarios including one-day seminars, night classes or week-long courses. The package is relevant to a global audience and is designed to be applicable in differing political, cultural, and legal environments. It is targeted at four main construction sector actors: workers, clients, contractors and design and project management teams. Four model courses are provided - one for each of these groups -comprising thematised modules, PowerPoint resources, visual materials, toolbox briefings and an extensive knowledge base for further reference. Contents of the package: overview; tutor's guide; theme summaries; theme Powerpoint presentations; knowledge base; toolbox briefings; model courses.
ILO Publications, International Labour Office, 1211 Genève 22, Switzerland, 2010. Page with links to various training materials in PDF and HTML format.
Spreeuwers D., de Boer A.G.E.M., Verbeek J.H.A.M., van Dijk F.J.H.
Evaluation of occupational disease surveillance in six EU countries
Registries of occupational diseases in various European countries differ considerably in criteria for notification and recognition, statistical data provided and the legal and social security context. Therefore, figures on occupational diseases are not comparable between countries and are often regarded as not reliable even within a country. Still, registries of occupational diseases are an important source for policy on occupational safety and health. The objective of this study was to evaluate registries of occupational diseases in European (EU) countries for their ability to provide appropriate information for preventive policy. Contact persons of national registries for occupational diseases in six countries were sent a questionnaire on the objectives of their registry and on the quality of monitoring time trends and alerting to new risks. An auditor then visited each contact person, discussed the completed questionnaire and sent a draft audit report to the contact person for verification. Two reviewers then established a quality score based on the verified audit report. The results of the audit were sent to each contact person, who was asked to evaluate the usefulness of the audit instrument for future quality improvement of the registry. The overall conclusion is that registries in EU countries do not adequately monitor existing occupational diseases or adequately alert to newly occurring occupational diseases. There is an urgent need to improve the education and participation of notifying physicians.
Occupational Medicine, Oct. 2010, Vol.60, No.7, p.509-516. 30 ref.
Occupational health plan 2010-2014
Plan Santé au travail 2010-2014 [in French]
This new Occupational Health Plan 2010-2014 (PST2) builds on the momentum initially developed with the previous PST1 (2005-2009). It is structured around four axes: improving knowledge in occupational health; following an active policy for the prevention of occupational hazards; encouraging initiatives aimed at preventing risks in enterprises, particularly in SMEs and microenterprises; directing the plan, communications, development and diversification of tools for legal effectiveness.
Ministère du Travail, de l'Emploi et de la Santé, 127 rue de Grenelle, 75007 Paris 07 SP, 2010. 50p. Illus.
Plan_santé_au_travail.pdf [in French]
Amendment and correction: omission of a book review in the previous issue
Review of a book on the causes and consequences of unhealthy work.
Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment and Health, Nov. 2010, Vol.36, No.6, p.514.
JISHA Annual Report 2010
This report describes the organization and functions of the Japan Industrial Safety and Health Association (JISHA) and reviews activities during the year 2009-2010. Contents: overview of core activities; development of programmes relating to risk assessment and OSHMS; ensuring health and promoting comfortable work environments; promotion of safety and health education; expansion of the zero accident campaign; provision of safety and health services; international cooperation; assistance to SMEs for safety and health measures; publications; national events and campaigns; research and survey; presentation of JISHA's bioassay research centre. An appendix includes key statistics and long-term trends in overall fatalities and injuries in all sectors or activity, together with statistics and long-term trends in the manufacturing, construction and transport industries.
Japan Industrial Safety and Health Association, 5-35-1, Shiba, Minato-ku, Tokyo 108-0014, Japan, Dec. 2010. 43p. Illus.
JISHA_Annual_Report_2010.pdf [in English]
Desmarais L., Giraud L., Bélanger J., Trépanier J.
An evaluation of the implementation of safety advice by users: the case of the "user's guide" on conveyor safety - Exploratory phase
Evaluation de l'implantation des conseils de sécurité par les usagers - Le cas du guide de l'utilisateur relatif à la sécurité des convoyeurs - Phase exploratoire [in French]
A user's guide to conveyor belt safety protection from danger zones was published in Quebec in 2003, in order to reduce the number of accidents related to the use of this equipment in various industrial sectors. The guide proposed a series of measures aimed at achieving maximum safety in conveyor use and maintenance. The objective of this study was to evaluate the degree of workplace appropriation and application of the prevention advice stated in the guide, to identify possible obstacles to the use of such instructional material and to orient safety and health professionals in the development of their training programs.
Institut de recherche Robert-Sauvé en santé et en sécurité du travail du Québec (IRSST), 505 boul. de Maisonneuve Ouest, Montreal (Quebec) H3A 3C2, Canada, 2010. vii, 88p. Illus. 36 ref. Price: CAD 10.50. Downloadable version (PDF format) free of charge.
R-669.pdf [in French]
2011 campaigns and prevention offers
Prävention: Kampagnen und Angebote 2011 [in German]
Prevenzione: campagne e proposte 2011 [in Italian]
Campagnes et offres de prévention 2011 [in French]
Booklet listing the training and information material available from SUVA, grouped under the following headings: safety and health management; campaigns; often underestimated hazards; forestry; woodworking industry; ergonomics; health promotion; management of absenteeism; physical exercise; safety and health during leisure activities.
SUVA, Postfach, 6002 Luzern, Switzerland, 2010. 60p. Illus.
88089.f.pdf [in French]
88089.d.pdf [in German]
88089.i.pdf [in Italian]
KOSHA Annual Report 2010 - Growing the tree of safety
Contents of this annual report of the Korea Occupational Safety and Health Agency for the year 2010: message from the President; introduction to KOSHA; KOSHA activities in safety and health in manufacturing, construction and services, safety training and culture, technology and R&D, international cooperation. Appendices include statistics of occupational accidents in 2010, financial highlights, the organization chart of the Agency and its history.
Korea Occupational Safety and Health Agency, 478 Munemi-ro, Bupyeong-gu, Incheon, 403-711, Republic of Korea, 2010. 59p. Illus.
KOSHA_Annual_Report_2010.pdf [in English]
Safe maintenance in practice - Success factors - Summary of an Agency report
Une maintenance sûre dans la pratique - Les clés de la réussite. Résumé d'un rapport de l'Agence [in French]
Mantenimiento seguro llevado a la práctica. Factores de éxito. Resumen de un informe de la Agencia [in Spanish]
This factsheet summarizes the findings of an Agency report on safe maintenance. Buildings and machinery become unsafe if they are not maintained properly. Yet maintenance can be a high-risk activity. Safe procedures for maintenance operations should be part of companies' safety management systems. This is more likely to happen if there is management commitment, employee involvement, effective risk assessment, good communication, safety training and effective use of more than one preventive measure. Many companies consider maintenance operations at the design stage of buildings and equipment to help eliminate risks during future maintenance operations. Examples of good practices implemented by a large chemicals manufacturer in Germany and a Belgian power station are included. The full report (available in English only) can be downloaded from this link.
European Agency for Safety and Health at Work, Gran Vía 33, 48009 Bilbao, Spain, 2010. 2p. Illus. 2 ref.
Facts_96/EN [in English]
Facts_96/FR [in French]
Facts_96/ES [in Spanish]
Grau Ríos M.
Occupational safety and health during the Spanish Presidency of the Council of the European Union in 2010
La seguridad y la salud en el trabajo durante el ejercicio de la Presidencia Española del Consejo de la Unión Europea en 2010 [in Spanish]
Overview of the efforts undertaken with respect to occupational safety and health legislation in the European Union and in Spain during the six months of the Spanish Presidency of the EU in 2010, together with a report on an exhibition in Granada entitled "Work and health - From protection to prevention".
Seguridad y Salud en el Trabajo, July 2010, No.58, p.6-11. Illus.
Application of 5S to integrated OSHE management systems
5S aplicados aos sistemas integrados de gestão de SSMA [in Portuguese]
The 5S quality management system is based on 5 Japanese words which when translated mean Sort, Set in order, Shine, Standardize and Sustain. Once implemented, the system aims to eliminate unnecessary items from the workplace, keep order and tidiness, maintain a clean workplace, ensuring that a workable system is in place and that these improvements are sustained. This article explains the principles of 5S and discusses its application to integrated occupational safety and health, and environmental protection (OSHE) management systems.
Revista CIPA, Mar. 2010, Vol.XXXI, No.364, p.30-41. Illus.
Signori S., Bertozzi C., Maliore M., Siniscalchi R., Bagnato S., Clerici R., Cutolo C.
Occupational hazards and communication - But do newspapers and television talk about safety?
Rischio sul lavoro e communicazione - Ma giornali e TV parlano di sicurezza? [in Spanish]
Risk communication is a form of technical and scientific communication aimed at helping persons to accept, avoid or minimize risks to health, safety and the environment. This issue of the journal attempts to trace a path to understanding how communication affects safety. It analyzes the dynamics of communication between the various stakeholders in the occupational safety and health system, presents the views of opinion makers and provides an overview of the information currently being aired in Europe and worldwide.
2087, Casa editrice Edit Coop, Via dei Frentani 4/A, 00185 Rome, Italy, July 2010, Vol. XII, No.7, p.1-31 (whole issue). Illus. Bibl.ref.
Morii D., Miyagatani Y., Nakamae N., Murao M., Taniyama K.
Japanese experience of hydrogen sulfide: The suicide craze in 2008
Most of hydrogen sulfide poisoning in Japan involved industrial accidents. However, since January 2008, a burgeoning of suicide attempts using homemade hydrogen sulfide gas has become evident. By April 2008, the fad escalated into a chain reaction nationwide. Mortality of the poisoning was very high. There were 220 cases of attempted gas suicides during the period of March 27 to June 15, killing 208. An introduction of new method of making the gas, transmitted through message boards on the internet, was blamed for this "outbreak". The new method entailed mixing bath additive and toilet detergent. The National Police Agency instructed internet providers to remove information that could be harmful. Of the victims of the fad in 2008, several cases were serious enough that family members also died. Paramedics and caregivers were also injured secondarily by the gas.
Journal of Occupational Medicine and Toxicology, 2010, 5:28, 3p. Illus. 3 ref.
Japanese_experience.pdf [in English]
Occupational health: Putting away the falsehoods!
Santé au travail: chassez l'erreur! [in French]
This article attempts to dispel some false common beliefs on safety, health and hygiene in the construction industry, grouped under the following headings: infections; emergencies; environment; doing the right thing; substance abuse; nutrition.
Prévention BTP, Mar. 2010, No.127, p.40-45. Illus.
Brière J., Chevalier A., Imbernon E.
Surveillance of fatal occupational injuries in France: 2002-2004
Insufficient use is made of available information about workplace and commuting accidents covered by social insurance workers compensation funds in France. This study sought to determine whether these data could be used to calculate national indicators for surveillance of fatal occupational injuries for 2002-2004. The number of deaths, mortality rate and years of potential life lost from workplace and commuting accidents were calculated by sex, age, economic activity and cause of accident for employees by collecting data from eight social insurance funds in France. The number of deaths, the mortality rates, and the attributable fraction of accidental deaths due to work were estimated for both employees and self-employed workers. The mortality rate from workplace accidents (6.0 per 100,000) increased with age among men and was especially high in three sectors: agriculture-forestry-fishing, transportation, and construction. Other findings are discussed.
American Journal of Industrial Medicine, Nov. 2010, Vol.53, No.11, p.1109-1118. Illus. 28 ref.
Preventing injuries and deaths from skid-steer loaders
Skid-steer loaders are commonly used in agriculture, construction, and general industry for materials handling and excavating. Various studies suggest that employers, supervisors and workers may not fully appreciate the potential hazards associated with operating or working near skid-steer loaders and they may not follow safe work procedures for controlling these hazards. This information sheet describes six deaths involving skid-steer loaders and recommends methods for preventing similar incidents. A summary of the main precautions in Spanish is included.
Publications Dissemination, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH), 4676 Columbia Parkway, Cincinnati, OH 45226-2001, USA, Dec. 2010. Internet document, PDF format, 13p. Illus. 12 ref.
DHHS_(NIOSH)_Publication_No.2011-128.pdf [in English]
Bestratén Belloví M., Agulló Teixidor X.
Newly-formed enterprises and working conditions (III). Implementation of the OSH plan
Empresas de nueva creación y condiciones de trabajo (III). Implantación del plan de prevención [in Spanish]
When starting a business, it is not enough to be an entrepreneur with good ideas, it is also essential to address issues such as workers' participation, team-building, safety and health and conditions of work. This technical note is part of a series of three (see also CIS 10-0650 and CIS-0651) that focus on the relationship between the business plan which is essential for all new businesses and the occupational safety and health plan, which is mandatory in Spain. It addresses more specifically the issues of regulations and good practices in the implementation of the occupational safety and health plan.
Instituto Nacional de Seguridad e Higiene en el Trabajo, Ediciones y Publicaciones, c/Torrelaguna 73, 28027 Madrid, Spain, 2010. 6p. Illus. 2 ref.
NTP_850.pdf [in Spanish]
Bestratén Belloví M., Agulló Teixidor X.
Newly-formed enterprises and working conditions (II). Business plan and OSH plan
Empresas de nueva creación y condiciones de trabajo (II). Plan de empresa y plan de PRL [in Spanish]
When starting a business, it is not enough to be an entrepreneur with good ideas, it is also essential to address issues such as workers' participation, team-building, safety and health, and conditions of work. This technical note is part of a series of three (see also CIS 10-0650 and CIS 10-0652) that focus on the relationship between the business plan which is essential for all new businesses and the occupational safety and health plan, which is mandatory in Spain. It addresses more specifically the issues of team building, human relations, work organization and finance.
Instituto Nacional de Seguridad e Higiene en el Trabajo, Ediciones y Publicaciones, c/Torrelaguna 73, 28027 Madrid, Spain, 2010. 8p. 6 ref.
NTP_849.pdf [in Spanish]
Bestratén Belloví M., Agulló Teixidor X.
Newly-formed enterprises and working conditions (I)
Empresas de nueva creación y condiciones de trabajo (I) [in Spanish]
When starting a business, it is not enough to be an entrepreneur with good ideas, it is also essential to address issues such as workers' participation, team-building, safety and health, and conditions of work. This technical note is part of a series of three (see also CIS 10-0651 and ISN 111190) that focus on the relationship between the business plan which is essential for all new businesses and the occupational safety and heath plan, which is mandatory in Spain.
Instituto Nacional de Seguridad e Higiene en el Trabajo, Ediciones y Publicaciones, c/Torrelaguna 73, 28027 Madrid, Spain, 2010. 6p. Illus. 6 ref.
NTP_848.pdf [in Spanish]
Llacuna Morera J.
The neutral phonetic perception among occupational safety and health (OSH) students
La percepción fonética neutra en los alumnos de prevención de riesgos laborales (PRL) [in Spanish]
The study conducted on 100 students of occupational safety and health (see CIS 10-0648) discussed the "neutral tone" of a message through the students' perception. It was concluded that a significant number of messages were not received as intended, in particular due to the misinterpretation of their emotional components. This technical note examines the mechanisms of the perception of a neutral tone and of the decoding of the message as well as their implications for verbal communications in the field of occupational safety and health.
Instituto Nacional de Seguridad e Higiene en el Trabajo, Ediciones y Publicaciones, c/Torrelaguna 73, 28027 Madrid, Spain, 2010. 4p. Illus. 7 ref.
NTP_846.pdf [in Spanish]
Llacuna Morera J.
Prosody: Behaviour modification from the emotional oral bases of communication
Prosodia: modificación de la conducta a partir de las bases emocionales orales de la comunicación [in Spanish]
This technical note discusses the various types of prosodic delivery of verbal messages, and presents the findings of a study involving 100 students concerning the most effective ways of verbally transmitting safety and health information. See also CIS 10-0649.
Instituto Nacional de Seguridad e Higiene en el Trabajo, Ediciones y Publicaciones, c/Torrelaguna 73, 28027 Madrid, Spain, 2010. 6p. Illus. 12 ref.
NTP_845.pdf [in Spanish]
Manual for workers' education in occupational safety and health
Manuel d'éducation ouvrière en sécurité et santé au travail [in French]
Aimed at workers in French-speaking West Africa, this training manual contains practical tools for controlling occupational hazards. Contents: introduction; occupational hygiene, health and safety standards; occupational accidents and diseases; foundations and principles for developing an occupational safety and health policy; organization and services offered by occupational safety and health services; prevention of occupational hazards; management of occupational hazards; how workers and workers' organizations can positively influence the improvement of working conditions.
International Union of Food, Agricultural, Hotel, Restaurant, Catering, Tobacco and Allied Workers' Associations (IUF), rampe du Pont-Rouge 8, 1213 Petit-Lancy, Switzerland, ca 2010. 72p. Illus.
Statistiques technologiques [in French]
Compared to 2008, the number of occupational accidents in France in 2009 decreased by 7.5%, with a corresponding decrease in the frequency index from 24.7 to 23.4 accidents per 1000 employees. While fatal occupational accidents had already seen a sharp decrease of 8.5% in 2008, they decreased by a further 5.4% in 2009. Occupational diseases increased by 8.7%, reaching 49,341 recorded cases in 2009. Commuting accidents involving a loss of work time increased by 6.8%, while commuting accident fatalities declined by 8.0%. This article presents these statistics by main sector of activity.
Travail et sécurité, Oct. 2010, No.710, p.45-49. Illus.
Statistiques_technologiques.pdf [in French]
Itani T., Nguyen B.D., Lund F., Padungtod C., Sahu S., Kawakami T., Khai T.T.
Collection of articles on occupational safety and health in small-scale enterprises and the informal sector of relevance to countries in the Asian-Pacific region. Contents: occupational safety and health in the informal sector and small-scale enterprises in Vietnam; South-South collaboration in five countries; occupational safety and health activities in the informal sector in Thailand; musculoskeletal pain among female workers engaged in manual material handling tasks in informal sectors of West Bengal, India; improving safety and health of waste collectors in Fiji.
Asian-Pacific Newsletter on Occupational Health and Safety, Dec. 2010, Vol.17, No.3, p.47-63 (whole issue). Illus. 35 ref.
Informal_sector.pdf [in English]
Safe maintenance - For employers - Safe workers - Save money
Une maintenance sûre - Pour les employeurs - Des travailleurs en sécurité - Economisez de l'argent [in French]
Mantenimiento seguro - Para empresarios - Trabajadores seguros - Ahorro económico [in Spanish]
Maintenance is carried out in every workplace and in all industry sectors. Considering the wide range of hazards and risks associated with maintenance, it may be necessary to include it in the comprehensive management system of the company. Allocating sufficient time and resources, ensuring training and competence of the maintenance staff, putting in place safe systems of work based on an appropriate risk assessment, effective communication between production and maintenance staff are key issues.
European Agency for Safety and Health at Work, Gran Vía 33, 48009 Bilbao, Spain, 2010. 2p.
Facts_89/EN.pdf [in English]
Facts_89/FR.pdf [in French]
Facts_89/ES.pdf [in Spanish]
Maintenance and OSH - A statistical picture
Maintenance et SST - Un tableau statistique [in French]
Mantenimiento y SST - Panorama estadístico [in Spanish]
Occupational diseases and work-related health problems (such as asbestosis, cancer, hearing problems, and musculoskeletal disorders) are prevalent among workers involved in maintenance activities. Maintenance workers are also at risk of all types of accidents. EUROSTAT data from five EU countries indicate that at least 15-20% of all accidents and 10-15% of all fatal accidents are related to maintenance operations (in 2006). It is essential to implement appropriate risk assessment procedures for maintenance operations, as well as employing adequate preventive measures to ensure the safety and health of workers involved in maintenance activities.
European Agency for Safety and Health at Work, Gran Vía 33, 48009 Bilbao, Spain, 2010. 2p. Illus. 1 ref.
Facts_90/EN.pdf [in English]
Facts_90/FR.pdf [in French]
Facts_90/ES.pdf [in Spanish]
Occupational safety and health in Finland
In Finland, occupational safety and health (OSH) is understood to cover not only safety and health at work but also terms of employment, mental wellbeing, the functioning of management and the organisation, productivity, and codetermination. The principal responsibility for improving working conditions rests with the workplace. This booklet explains the division of duties and cooperation between ministries; relevant legislation, national and international cooperation, the role of regional OSH authorities, and projects and programmes of the Ministry of Social Affairs and Health. Key statistics and statistical trends of occupational accidents and diseases are included.
Ministry of Social Affairs and Health, P.O. Box 33, FI-00023 Government, Finland, 2010. 33p. Illus.
OSH_in_Finland.pdf [in English]
Hints on occupational health for couriers - Manual delivery operations
As their work involves manual labour, couriers may suffer from work-related musculoskeletal disorders. Under Hong Kong regulations, employers must assess occupational hazards and implement suitable protective measures. Employers must also take appropriate steps to prevent couriers from suffering heat stroke when working in hot weather. Aimed at persons working in manual delivery operations, this booklet explains good working practices in the form of a comic strip involving a dialogue between a male and female worker in this sector.
Occupational Health Service, Labour Department. 15/F, Harbour Building, 38 Pier Road, Central. Hong Kong, 2010. 16p. Illus.
8/2010-1-OHB128.pdf [in English]
Occupational safety and health plan 2010-2014
Plan santé au travail 2010-2014 [in French]
As a sequel to the First occupational safety and health plan 2005-2009, the 2nd occupational safety and health plan for the years 2010 to 2014 (PST2) has two main objectives: firstly to reduce exposures to risks of occupational accidents and diseases; to fulfill this objective, two specific goals are assigned for the plan period, namely a stabilization of the cases of occupational diseases and a 25% reduction in the number of occupational accidents. The second objective consists of developing an active occupational safety and heath policy against clearly-identified hazards and targeting the most vulnerable sectors and worker populations. This document presents the global PST2 plan. Contents: improving awareness in occupational health; encouraging active occupational safety and health programmes, particularly in SMEs and microentreprises; overseeing the plan, communications, development and diversification of tools.
Ministère du Travail, de l'Emploi et de la Santé, 127 rue de Grenelle, 75007 PARIS 07 SP, France, 2010. 50p. Illus.
Plan_santé_au_travail.pdf [in French]
Ravallec C., Ginibrière G., Vaudoux D.
New hires - A group of employees that needs to be trained and informed
Nouveaux embauchés - Une population à former et informer [in French]
Topics addressed in this collection of articles on occupational hazards facing new employees: role of mentors; induction programme of a construction enterprise having the support of a regional health insurance institution; interview of a regional manager of a construction industry employers' federation on the importance of training mentors; examples of induction training in two large enterprises (an airline and a construction company); safety training of new hires in a construction company; safety training during apprenticeship.
Travail et sécurité, Sep. 2010, No. 709, p. 20-31. Illus. 7 ref.
Nouveaux_embauchés.pdf [in French]
Better factories Cambodia
Collection of good practice sheets on the following topics: induction training kits; control of hazardous substances; good lighting; emergency plans and equipment; establishing a proper canteen; provision of pure drinking water; proper sanitation facilities; providing support to working mothers; first-aid facilities and practice; sick leave; establishing a library; educational posters; store organisation; stock control of the garment trims store; fabric storage; displaying line sample and pattern; organisation of notice boards; proper storage of tools, parts and equipment; entrance gate; fabric laying technique; materials handling in the production line; quality control workstation design; ironing workstation design; glare from light producing machines; personal protective equipment in dyeing section; personal protective equipment; machine safety: safety guards; machine safety: band knife cutting area; machine maintenance; store room safety: stack height; stairway safety; rubbish/waste collection; fire safety; fire fighters; fire extinguisher signage; spot cleaning area; spot cleaning operations; incentive schemes. The sheets are also available in Khmer and Chinese.
Better Factories Cambodia, #9, St 322, Beng Keng Kang 1, Phnom Penh, Cambodia, ca 2010, collection of downloadable good practice sheets.
Better_factories_Cambodia [in English]
Labor situation in Korea - 2010
Contents of this report on the labour situation in Korea: the labour market (economic and employment trends, employment policy and measures for vulnerable groups, vocational competency development); working conditions and workers' welfare (wages, working hours, leave and holidays, minimum wages, occupational safety and health, social insurance, employee welfare system); labour relations; major labour issues; labour laws. The section on occupational safety and health presents key statistics and trends concerning occupational accidents and diseases. Appendices include lists of trade unions, employers' organizations and the ministry of labour and other agencies.
Korea International Labour Foundation (KOILAF), Sogang B/D 3F, 1-3 Sinsu-Dong, Mapo-gu, Seoul 121-854, Republic of Korea, 2010. 95p. Illus.
Labor_situation_in_Korea.pdf [in English]
Prevention - A common effort
Prevención - Un esfuerzo conjunto [in Spanish]
According to a recent study of the International Labour Organization (ILO), half the global workforce is vulnerable to the current economic situation, which not only results in high rates of unemployment, but also in an increased risk of occupational accidents and diseases. To address these issues, the ILO constituents (governments, workers and employers) have agreed on a Global Jobs Pact in June 2009, which promotes a productive recovery centred on investments, employment and social protection.
Seguridad y Medio Ambiente, 2010, Special issue on occupational safety and health, p.52-56. Illus.
Prevention should not be associated to the word "expense"
A la prevención hay que eliminarle el adjetivo "gasto" [in Spanish]
In Spain 60% of the accidents occur in enterprises with less than 50 employees. SMEs account for 98% of the companies and employ almost 80% of workers, hence the importance of setting-up an occupational safety and health (OSH) system within SMEs. OSH always implies a profit because it reduces the risk that employees suffer from occupational accidents. Since this does not suppose a loss of money, the term of "expenditure" should not be associated to OSH.
Seguridad y Medio Ambiente, 2010, Special issue on occupational safety and health, p.48-50. Illus.
Safety and health training: The future begins now
Formación en prevención: empieza el futuro [in Spanish]
One of the objectives of the Spanish occupational safety and health strategy (see CIS 08-545) is to implement safety and health training at all levels of education. The national training plan foresees, in addition to the training of specialists, heads of enterprises and trade union representatives, the integration of this training as part of compulsory education, university education and vocational training. Certificates will be awarded for these courses.
Seguridad y Medio Ambiente, 2010, Special issue on occupational safety and health, p.26-29. Illus.
2010, a key year for the Spanish strategy
2010, año clave para la estrategia española [in Spanish]
2010 is a crucial year for the shaping of the Spanish occupational safety and health strategy for the years 2007 to 2012 (see CIS 08-545). March and September, especially, are two important months for the consolidation of the project: the newly adopted Royal Decrees 337/2010 and 404/2010 will allow to fulfill most of the measures of the objectives 1 and 2 of the strategy, namely to improve the implementation of regulations within SMEs and to improve the quality and efficacy of the occupational safety and health system. Furthermore, the National safety and health training plan will be implemented at all levels of education.
Seguridad y Medio Ambiente, 2010, Special issue on occupational safety and health, p.9-10. Illus.
Studies and research 2009/2010
Etudes et recherche 2009/2010 [in French]
This bilingual French/English booklet presents the research efforts undertaken by the French national institute for research and safety (Institut national de recherche et sécurité, INRS) for the prevention of occupational accidents and diseases during 2009 and 2010.
Institut national de recherche et de sécurité, 30, rue Olivier-Noyer, 75680 Paris Cedex 14, France, 2010. 104p. Illus.
Studies_and_research_2009/2010.pdf [in English]
Etudes_et_recherche_2009/2010.pdf [in French]
Lindhout P., Kingston-Howlett J.C., Ale B.J.M.
Controlled readability of Seveso II company safety documents, the design of a new KPI
Companies often use a substantial quantity of safety-related documents such as the front gate safety flyer, emergency evacuation instructions, work permits, safety procedures, work instructions and policy statements. In many cases the personnel magazines and message board notes also contain safety information. The authors and readers may not be in the same department, premises or cultural group. Previous research has found that Seveso II companies produce documents that are difficult for their workforce and visitors to understand. Authors do not write systematically to match the reader's skill level. So, without useful feedback, many authors cannot write sufficiently readable documents; to overcome this threshold, they need a quick document readability assessment tool. With such a tool, readability can become a controlled property of safety documents. Large companies may use hundreds or thousands of documents containing safety information. This paper presents a practical approach for the transition to, and monitoring of, controlled readability for all documents related to safety. A new key performance indicator (KPI) design on readability is proposed.
Safety Science, July 2010, Vol.48, No.6, p.734-746. Illus. 42 ref.
Annual report of JISHA - 2009
This report describes the organization and functions of the Japan Industrial Safety and Health Association (JISHA) and reviews activities during the year 2008-2009. These include: development of programmes relating to risk assessment and OSH management systems; ensuring health and promoting comfortable workplace environments; promoting safety and health education; expansion of the zero-accident campaign; provision of safety and health technical services; international cooperation; assistance to small and medium-size enterprises; safety and health publications; research and surveys; events and campaigns; Japan bioassay research centre.
Japan Industrial Safety and Health Association, 5-35-1, Shiba, Minato-ku, Tokyo 108-0014, Japan, 2010. 43p. Illus.
Annual_report_of_JISHA_2009.pdf [in English]
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