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Design and future uses of national dose registers for regulatory control and epidemiology
Design options are proposed which would provide reliable retrieval of personal exposure histories, in quantity and at moderate cost, from computerised national registers of radiation dose records. Epidemiological follow-up is facilitated if computerised dose data is collected into one lifetime dose history record for each individual and if this record provides pesonal identifying information. Such records could also be used for cost-benefit analyses to justify sustained elevation of the average dose to a group of workers approaching the individual maximum. The proposed design consists of 3 files: A transaction file which contains a daily flow of information into and out of the system; a dose history file in which annual doses to individual workers are stored; and an identity file containing identifying information for individual workers.
Health Physics, Nov. 1980, Vol.39, No.5, p.783-796. 53 ref.
TOXIT increases your knowledge of chemicals
TOXIT ökar vår kunskap om kemiska ämnen [in Swedish]
Article presenting a new central toxicological information service, to be merged with the Poisons Centre of the Karolinska Hospital, Stockholm: practical examples of lack of information (importation of products without precise knowledge of their chemical composition; communication of toxicological values and data to industry; cooperation with the authorities in drafting directives for the use of certain categories of chemicals); arguments for and against the new service, from the chemicals industry, the communal authorities, an inter-plant occupational health service, a trade unionist and an importer.
Mi-Nytt, 1980, No.2-3, p.10-23. Illus.
Di Credico N., Merluzzi F., Grieco A.
Presentation of a method for collecting and using OSH data in industry
Proposta per un metodo di raccolta, di elaborazione e controllo dei dati relativi al fenomeno infortunistico in fabbrica [in Italian]
Introduction on the present situation as regards statistics and the cost of occupational accidents in Italy; presentation of a method for collecting and making use of data for OSH purposes in industrial establishments; collecting detailed data on accidents which have occurred; documentation to be kept in every undertaking; calculation of indices (accident frequency and severity; absenteeism; incidence); card-filing system for accidents with descriptive codes; compilation and analysis of data.
Assessorato alla sanità della regione Lombardia, Clinica del lavoro "L. Devoto", Università di Milano, Milano, Italy, June 1980. 31p. 24 ref.
Ayoub M.A., Kushner K.J.
A computerized safety management information system for state OSHA inspection and enforcement programs.
Management information systems (MIS) used by states of the USA that administer their own OSH programmes are reviewed, and a model MIS for state occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) programmes is presented. The proposed MIS generates a variety of output reports that should satisfy OSHA monthly and quarterly reporting requirements: aid in evaluating the inspection and compliance programme, and the work of the safety and health inspectors; OSH training for inspectors, employers, and workers; providing information to aid inspectors in preparing future inspections; aiding OSH administrators in planning inspections, using methods and techniques of operations research and management science.
Journal of Safety Research, Spring 1980, Vol.12, No.1, p.21-35. Illus. 12 ref.
Synoptic tables of computerised documentary systems covering prevention of occupational hazards
Tableaux récapitulatifs des systèmes documentaires automatisés intéressant la prévention des risques profesionnels. [in French]
Data bases (mainly United States and France) are listed: general; exact sciences; life sciences; social sciences; industrial sectors; living and working environment. Information given is: information system and producer; system type; originating country or network; fields covered; size of data base; date of start of collection.
Rapport No.556/RE, Institut national de recherche et de sécurité, 30 rue Olivier-Noyer, 75680 Paris Cedex 14, Feb. 1980. 56p.
Data base on industrial carcinogens
ASA-tietokantajärjestelmä [in Finnish]
Description of the operations of a data base established in Finland to centralise information from registers of substances and processes involving a carcinogenic hazard, which employers are obliged to keep (see CIS 80-126: Order concerning this obligation). Principal operations carried out by the data base: information on use of carcinogens, technical and medical research, exposed workers and duration of exposure; file of products containing carcinogens and record of reported cancer cases in workers. Appended: specimen registration forms.
Katsauksia 32, Työterveyslaitos, Laajaniityntie 1, 01620 Vantaa, Finland, 1980. 42p. 8 ref. Price: Fmk.10.00.
The NIOSH current intelligence system: an occupational safety and health "hazard alerting system".
The Current Intelligence System and Bulletins, begun by the US National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) in Jan. 1975, are reviewed: history and overview; criteria for preparation of a bulletin; research and publication methodology; current awareness; costs; staffing; information services employed; distribution; impact; future plans; list of the 32 Bulletins so far published.
American Industrial Hygiene Association Journal, Jan. 1980, Vol.41, No.1, p.A-30,32,34,36,37.
U.S. Department of Health, Education and Welfare
Cancer information in the workplace
This annotated compilation of citations to materials available for use in public, worker and professional education programmes is intended to assist health educators, industrial hygienists, and health care providers in identifying and selecting appropriate materials. The materials listed represent a variety of information, produced since 1970, on occupational carcinogens as well as on agencies and data bases dealing with the topic. Sections cover: public education; health professional education; computerised data bases; committees on occupational safety and health; NIOSH education resource centres. Information on audiovisual materials and author, title and subject indexes, are provided.
NIH Publication No.79-2001. National Cancer Institute, 7910 Woodmont Avenue, Suite 1320, Bethesda, Maryland 20205, USA, May 1979. 58p.
Hendry R.N., Reeves K.J., Mason R.E.
National Occupational Hazard Survey (NOHS) data base development and analysis
A data base, containing data collected in the National Occupational Hazard Survey, was developed which would provide a source of information on exposure of employees to potential hazards across occupational and industrial categories. An access system was designed to retrieve information, generate reports, permit updating of the data base with new information on trade name products and potential hazards, catalogue and store retrieval queries to eliminate duplication of effort, project national statistics, and permit linkage of this data base with the NIOSH Registry of Toxic Effects of Chemical Substances.
National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, Division of Surveillance, Hazard Evaluation, and Field Studies, Cincinnati, Ohio 45226, USA, May 1979. 98p. Illus. 1 ref.
Safety and health at work - Guide to sources of information.
This is a guide to sources of information on all aspects of occupational safety and health in Australia. Each section gives details of legislation, advisory services, codes and standards, publications, periodicals and films, as appropriate. Contents: sources of services and information; safety organisation, promotion and training; occupational health, hygiene and first aid services; workplaces and physical working conditions; fire safety; materials handling; dangerous substances; machinery and pressure vessels; electricity; building and construction; rural industries; maritime industry; personal protective equipment and clothing; related literature (safety management, industrial safety, noise, fire safety, legislation, working environment, occupational health and hygiene, human engineering); reference addresses.
Department of Productivity, Australian Government Publishing Service, Canberra, Australia, 1979. 54p.
Health and Safety Executive, London.
Health and Safety Executive: Publications catalogue '79.
Catalogue of publications from the Health and Safety Commission (HSC) and the Health and Safety Executive (HSE) for the period 1968 - 1979 inclusive, by subject. It includes titles of current legislation on health and safety at work, i.e. existing enactments which are relevant statutory provisions under the Health and Safety at Work Act 1974 (CIS 74-2099) and its amendments; and guidance and advisory material produced by the HSC and HSE. This first edition does not include mines, quarries and explosives legislation and guidance, and literature published by the British Approvals Service for Electrical Equipment in Flammable Atmospheres (BASEEFA). Publications of a temporary nature such as consultative and discussion documents, pilot studies, and draft regulations are not included.
H.M. Stationery Office, P.O. Box 569, London SE1 9NH, United Kingdom, 1979. 107p. Price: £1.00.
A worker's guide to documenting health and safety problems
Main topics covered by this manual aiming to help US workers with the documentation necessary for resolving OSH problems: individual worker assessment in health and safety programmes; health and safety committee functions; federal and state involvement; different kinds of compensation benefits. A large number of sample forms is supplied. Addresses and phone numbers of OSHA regional offices and state OSHA agencies are given in the appendix.
Labour Occupational Health Program, Institute of Industrial Relations, University of California at Berkeley, 2521 Channing Way, Berkeley CA 94720, USA, 1978. 68p. 9 ref. Price: USD 6.00.
U.S. Department of Labor.
Occupational safety and health: A bibliography.
Contents of this bibliography: general reference books; statistics; Occupational Safety and Health Act; walking/working surfaces; means of egress; powered platforms, manlifts and vehicle-mounted work platforms; occupational health and environmental control (heat and cold stress, shock and vibration, ventilation, noise, radiation, lasers); hazardous materials (explosives, flammable and combustible gases and liquids); personal protective equipment; medical services and first aid; fire protection; compressed gas and compressed air equipment; materials handling and storage; machinery and machine gaurding; hand and portable powered tools and other hand-held equipment; welding, cutting and brazing; special industries and occupations; electrical safety; toxic and hazardous substances; toxicology. Lists of safety films and audiovisual material, periodicals, looseleaf services, abstracting journals, organisations, publishers, etc. Subject and author indexes.
U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington D.C. 20402, 648p. 3,884 ref.
Designing hazard data sheets.
This paper, written by a biological safety co-ordinator for a metal box company, describes how a hazard information system was devised and implemented. It covers the following aspects: legal obligation to warn workers of possible hazards associated with materials they have to use; how to achieve a balance between short data sheets and multi-page documents entering into minute toxicological and other detail; achieving uniformity in data sheets; general guidelines for optimum data sheets in various contexts; characteristics of materials (chemical formula, warning symbols, trade names, TLV, flash point, boiling point, lower explosive limit); safe working methods and precautions; remedial action (first aid, fire fighting, spillage control); types of data sheets (information sheets, omnibus data sheets, constituent materials sheets).
Occupational Health, Dec. 1978, Vol.30, No.12, p.596-604. Illus. 4 ref.
Baretta E.D., Hawk C.A., Bodeau P.S., Anderson J.E., Dickerson C., Adriano N.P.
Chemical material handling guides.
The development of a manual to provide information regarding hazards and safe handling requirements for chemicals is described. An example of a guide form, which contains sections on identification, hazard ratings, protective equipment requirements, emergency procedures, and storage, handling and disposal requirements for each chemical, is given.
American Industrial Hygiene Association Journal, Nov. 1978, Vol.39, No.11, p.898-903. Illus. 10 ref.
Occupational safety and health information in foreign languages in the Federal Republic of Germany
Deutsches Arbeitsschutzmaterial in Fremdsprachen [in German]
This booklet sets out in synoptic tables an alphabetical list, according to subject matter, of OSH material: rules, guidelines, directives, information sheets, handbooks, notices, posters, films and filmstrips with running commentary and other audiovisual materials, safety signs, etc. available in various languages in the Fed.Rep. of Germany for promoting safety awareness among foreign workers. Opposite each subject heading the reader finds a number of columns indicating: language(s), type of information, how and where to obtain the publication, film, etc.
Bundesanstalt für Arbeitsschutz und Unfallforschung, Postfach 170202, 4600 Dortmund 17, Germany (Fed.Rep.), 1978. 90p. Price: DM.18.75.
In the construction industry: the computer as an aid to safety
Dans l'industrie de la construction: l'ordinateur au service de la sécurité. [in French]
This article points out the inadequacies of conventional statistics for giving adequate information on occupational accidents, and describes the experimental use of computerised data in a Belgian insurance company to pinpoint accident black spots with rapidity. The system used consisted in the codification, adapted to the building industry, of data concerning 3 factors: type of job, equipment or tools used, and particular circumstances of the accident. These 3 new factors supplemented the conventional type of information (type or category of accident; accident agency; site of injury). If the number of accidents occurring in any particular firm exceeds a certain limit, the computer automatically furnishes a print-out of general or detailed analytical studies for management or safety officers. Practical uses of the system in industry are illustrated by synoptic tables.
Promosafe, Oct.-Nov. 1978, No.27, p.17-21. Illus.
Van Berkel P.L.M., Scholtens S., Den Buurman R., Leebeek H.J., Lenoir T.M.J.
Work at display terminals from the ergonomic viewpoint
Het werken met beeldschermterminals ergonomisch bezien [in Dutch]
Proceedings of a conference organised by the Dutch Ergonomics Association (Utrecht, Netherlands, 15 Nov. 1977 and 11 Jan. 1978). Contents: reviews of technical possibilities and fields of application of cathode ray terminals; relations between use of the terminal and execution of tasks; readability and clarity of information display (dimensions, presentation, etc.); adaptation of the workplace and working environment to man (work posture, arrangement of keyboard and terminal, luminance and contrast of display; lighting and glare; luminaires, windows, etc.); psychological aspects of terminal work (mental work, constant attention, mental fatigue, etc.).
Nederlandse Vereniging voor Ergonomie, ing. H.H. Brand, p/a Technische Hogeschool, Postbus 513, Eindhoven, Netherlands, 1978. 126p. Illus. 72 ref. Price: Glds.40.00.
Chemical substances information network. Volume I. User requirements and systems development options. Volume II. Appendices.
Volume I of this report contains a survey of potential users (manufacturers, processors, importers and exporters) of chemical information to determine their needs. A recommendation is given for the design of a network for information; the network would have its own system and also be connected to existing systems. This information is required for the application of the US Toxic Substances Control Act and other user internal purposes. The US Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) and the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) are among the institutions having some responsibility with respect to chemical substances. The responsibilities of the governmental agencies can be classes into categories: hazard identification and early warning; hazard analyses; research and development; criteria documents; preparation of regulations and guidelines; monitoring and testing; enforcement and compliance; information and education; support to other agencies and organisations; administration and management. The appendices in Volume II contain a list of the organisations interviewed and the results; files identified but not applicable to toxic substances; and summary descriptions of about 100 data systems and bases containing chemical information.
MITRE Technical Report MTR-7558, The MITRE Corporation, METREK Division, McLean, Virginia, USA, June 1977. 215 and 315p. Illus.
Gaworska J., King D.
Health and safety literature - A selective list of material held by the SRL.
This selective compendium of material held by the United Kingdom national reference collection of literature in natural sciences, engineering, technology and mathematics lists under separate headings books, abstracts and bibliographies (including the CIS publications), and periodicals (English language, European languages, Slavonic and Oriental languages) coverning the fields of: occupational medicine and diseases; poisoning and toxicology (general; individual substances); safety and accidents (general); safety in particular environments; fire and flammability; storage and handling of hazardous materials.
British Library, Science Reference Library, 25 Southampton Buildings, London WC2A 1AW, United Kingdom, July 1977. 39p. Price: £1.25.
Gunnarsson E., Östberg O.
Physical and psychological working environment within a terminal based computer storage and retrieval system
Fysisk och psykisk arbetsmiljö i ett terminalbaserat datasystem [in Swedish]
Complaints by terminal operators are generally in references to changes in the work routines and work content which are consequences of computerisation. Physical complaints are visual strain and pain in the back, neck and wrists during long working periods at the terminal. Extensive interviews and a photographic study were used to determine the need for reducing the work periods and the need for work spectacles. Continuous intense terminal work during an 8h-day led to different types of visual strain for 75% of the operators, but further research is needed before recommendations can be made.
Undersökningsrapport 1977:35, Arbetarskyddsstyrelsen, Fack, 100 26 Stockholm 34, Sweden, 1977. 46p. Illus. 20 ref.
Bacher J., Larmo A., Wermundsen B., Ödelycke P.
Computerised information and documentation services in the occupational medicine and health fields
Datorbaserad informations- och dokumentationstjänst för arbetsmedicin och yrkeshygien [in Swedish]
Report of a working group set up by the Nordic Committees for Information and Documentation (NORDDOK) to make a comparative study of several data banks. The study covered the period 1970-1975. As most of the systems consulted were specialised in a particular discipline, the interdisciplinary field of occupational medicine and health was only imperfectly covered. The group recommended that manual literature searching should be used to supplement computer based searching and stressed the need for documentalists with expert knowledge for formulating the correct search profiles. The most encouraging results were obtained with the CIS and Excerpta Medica data bases.
Nordisk utredningsserie B 1977:15. AB Allmänna Förlaget, Fack, 103 20 Stockholm, Sweden, 1977. 45p. 25 ref. Price: Swe-cr.6.75.
Safety in chemical and medical laboratories.
A guide to precise and concise information for safety in laboratories is outlined. The sources of information (books, pamphlets, government and private organisationns, journals) are discussed, and there is a summary of telephone sources of information in emergencies (Hazardous Chemical Service, Poison Information Service, TUC Institute of Occupational Health). Recommendations are made for rapid availability of information in case of accidents.
Chemistry in Britain, Oct. 1977, Vol.13, No.10, p.374-376. 20 ref.
Bulletin d'information. [in French]
The purpose of this international information bulletin, which forms part of the action of the Commission of the European Communities (CEC) to promote occupational safety and welfare, is to give information concerning on-going research projects sponsored by the "Community Ergonomics Action" programme, and published work throughout the world on ergonomics. Bulletin No.1 (Nov. 1976) lists 33 projects covering the following fields: noise and communication, temperature and physical work load, illumination, equipment design, systems design. Summaries of semestrial reports on some of these projects are given in Bulletin 2 (Apr. 1977). The following aspects are covered in the bibliographical section, which gives the bibliographical citation and an abstract (with CIS reference when available): psychology, physiology, anthropometry, biomechanics; the design of the man-machine interface (data presentation, input facilities, workplace and equipment design, etc.); methods, techniques and equipment in ergonomics.
Community Ergonomics Action, European Coal and Steel Community, Bâtiment Jean-Monnet, Centre européen, Avenue Alcide de Gasperi, Luxembourg, Grand Duchy of Luxembourg.
Scientific information concerning the responsibility of industry to protect the population and workers
L'informazione scientifica in relazione agli insediamenti industriali per la protezione della popolazione e dei lavoratori [in Italian]
Record of proceedings of a colloquium (21 May 1977) organised by the Province of Trento (Italy) in collaboration with the University of Verona Institute of Occupational Medicine and the City of Trento Occupational Medical Service. Communications were presented on: scanning and processing of information from the scientific literature; international panorama of documentation services concerning ecology, occupational medicine and industrial toxicology, with on-line computer information retrieval; information system on carcinogen hazards; data processing; the CIS and the CIS thesaurus; criteria for the establishment of an information system concerning occupational medicine and environmental protection; the ENPI (Rome) documentation and information centre.
Assessorato provinciale alle attività sociali e sanità, Provincia autonoma di Trento, Trento, Italy, 1977. 89p.
Östberg O., Gunnarsson E.
Review of vision ergonomy problems in the reading of microimages
Inventering av synergonomiska problem vid läsning av mikrobilder [in Swedish]
This literature review discusses microfilm readers and reading. There has been a rapid development of systems, applications, job routines, viewing apparatus, index systems, film format, etc. There is a need for standardisation, especially in workplace layout, design of viewers and microimage quality. The reading of the images is often performed under conditions that are significantly different from those related to reading printed documents, e.g. viewing time, line of sight, viewing distance, luminance ratios, and focus. Operator complaints and demands include eye fatigue, shortened working hours, regular eye checkups, and free working spectacles.
Undersökningsrapport AMMF 108/76, Arbetarskyddsstyrelsen, Fack, 100 26 Stockholm, Sweden, 1976. 23p. Illus. 66 ref. Price: Swe-cr.5.00
Contact Dermatitis - Environmental and Occupational Dermatitis.
This journal, which will henceforth be regularly screened and abstracted in the CIS Abstracts bulletin, began publication in 1975. It is intended primarily for clinicians interested in various aspects of environmental dermatitis, including occupational. In addition to the main articles, a section is devoted to short communications on new contact allergens and chemicals and other substances of dermatological interest. These short communications contain the type of material formerly published in Contact Dermatitis Newsletter, which was discontinued in 1974. The tables of contents of the Newsletter from 1 Jan. 1967 to 16 Aug. 1974 are reproduced in the Feb. 1976, Vol.2, No.1, issue of the journal.
Munksgaard, Postbox 2148, 35 Nørre Søgade, 1016 København K, Denmark. Subscription price: Dan-cr.200.00 for 6 issues per year.
Occupational safety and health - CIS Thesaurus.
Sécurité et hygiène du travail - Thésaurus CIS. [in French]
This work is the guide to information retrieval through the computer-based indexes of the CIS. It is addressed to safety and health professionals, Government officials, employers' and workers' organisations, etc., and documentation specialists. It includes both the main descriptors printed in the alphabetical subject index of the CIS Abstracts bulletin, and the secondary descriptors in the CIS computer files. More than 10,000 descriptors and synonyms are covered, arranged in 2 parts: a systematic part, which gives the descriptors in English and French, together with related terms and an explanatory note when necessary; and an alphabetical part (index) containing all these descriptors, parts of descriptor phrases (key words out of context) and synonyms. Being an "open" thesaurus, it is to be periodically updated.
International Occupational Safety and Health Information Centre, International Labour Office, 1211 Genève 22, Switzerland, 1976. 196p. Price: SF.90.00.
Review of visual strain, with special reference to microimage reading.
A literature survey of eye strain, visual discomfort, reading difficulties and postural fatigue in reading tasks. Considerations on Swedish workers' protection legislation; visual fatigue and disability, use of optical aids and lighting conditions in exacting visual tasks; user resistance, visual fatigue, viewing distances and reading spectacles, working postures and luminances and luminance ratios in work with microimage readers. The applicability to projected images of information on light levels provided by handbooks and readibility of printed material is evaluated.
Department of Human Work Sciences, University of Luleå, 951 87 Luleå, Sweden, Sep. 1976. 10p. Illus. 84 ref.
Occupational safety and health in Australia - Guide to sources of information.
This Guide is intended to assist employers, trade unions and other interested persons to obtain relevant information on all aspects of occupational safety and health from the appropriate sources. It identifies Australian Commonwealth and state government departments and voluntary organisations, outlines their responsibilities, gives addresses where copies of Acts, awards, codes, standards and general information booklets and pamphlets are available, and lists a vast number of bibliographic references, under the following headings: official sources of information (including the CIS); safety organisation, promotion and training; workplaces and physical working conditions; fire safety; occupational hygiene, medical services and first aid; design, guarding and safe use of machinery, pressure vessels and tools; harmful substances; electricity; personal protective equipment and clothing; materials handling, industrial processes, mining; building and construction; rural industries; maritime industry; legislation; related literature. Addresses of government and voluntary institutions working in the field of occupational safety are also given.
Commonwealth Department of Employment and Industrial Relations, GPO Box 2817AA, Melbourne, Victoria 3001, and Australian Government Publishing Service, Canberra, Australia, 1976. 64p. 612 ref. Gratis.
Applying technology transfer (search before research).
The U.S. National Aeronautics and Space Administration has information centres with access to more than 7 million documents in data bases of many areas of technology. This information and data should be used to find solutions to safety problems before research is undertaken. Retrospective searches, current-awareness services, technical assistance, cost and effectiveness are described. The addresses of the NASA Industrial Applications Centers are given.
Professional Safety, June 1976, Vol.21, No.6, p.36-39. Illus.
Bulletin bibliographique. [in French]
This general bibliography analyses (sometimes in-depth) numerous French and foreign articles and publications, under the following headings: medical protection of man at work (general; medical examinations; pathology in general; categories of manpower; first aid); pathology in relation to employment (occupational disases; psychopathology and fatique; systematic pathology; toxicology); occupational safety and health (general; environment; general or individual preventive measures); physiology and psychophysiology in relation to work; work organisation in general (general; types of work; organisational methods); adaptation of man to work; industries. An important place in this bibliography is occupied by French statutory instruments (regulations, etc.) concerning occupational safety and health, most of which are reproduced in full.
Cahiers de médecine interprofessionnelle, 2nd quarter 1976, No.62, p.55-122. 167 ref.
INRS-Biblio [in French]
Bibliographic database covering the OSH literature (journal articles, books, theses, standards, official texts etc.), with particular emphasis on French publications. As of 1994, there were 25,000 records in the database, some with abstracts. Coverage extends from 1975 (INRS publications) and 1981 (other publications). Subjects covered: chemical, physical and mechanical hazards; explosions and fires; technical and material means of protection; occupational diseases; occupational medicine; workplace improvements; ergonomics.
Institut national de recherche et de sécurité (INRS), 30, rue Olivier-Noyer, 75680 Paris Cedex 14, France, 1975-. Database available on CD-ROM (CCOHS Series B2, see CIS 94-181) and online through the French Minitel system (36-28-82-63), charge FFR 328.40 per hour.
Compendium of ergonomic data for computer-supported documentation on occupational safety and health
Ergonomische Erkenntnissammlung für den Arbeitsschutz mit Informationssystem [in German]
Volume 1 describes a computer-supported documentation and information system for ergonomic work design. Volume 2 deals with ergonomics as such. One section contains basic human data (anthropometric, biomechanical and work physiological aspects), and a second section deals with the following practical aspects of safety: hazard prevention, acoustic and optical warnings, work surfaces, work postures, working hours, lighting, time and motion study, floors, harmful substances, information, microclimate, manual lifting, machine design, vibration, work breaks, work premises, noise, information signs, personal protective equipment, seats, hand and foot controls, ionising radiation, foot and arm rests, work design, indoor communication ways, tools. Numerous references to the German literature, standards and directives for each section.
Forschungsbericht Nr.142, Bundesanstalt für Arbeitsschutz und Unfallforschung, Postfach, 46 Dortmund-Marten, Germany (Fed.Rep.), 1975. 2 vol., 193 + 274p. Illus. Approx. 800 ref. Price: DM.21.75 + DM.21.75.
"ARIANE" at the service of workers' safety
"ARIANE" au service de la sécurité des travailleurs. [in French]
"ARIANE" is a French information system for technical and safety problems in construction and civil engineering. The system, which is at the disposal of interested undertakings, is based on an IBM 370/168 computer (characteristics described in the article) and telephone communication with a qualified engineer. Examples of its application to problems of safety in the use of formwork are given.
Cahiers des Comités de prévention du bâtiment et des travaux publics, Mar.-Apr. 1975, No.2, p.89-92. Illus.
Journal of Hazardous Materials.
This is the first issue of the new journal which will be published quarterly. Papers published will concern procedures which minimise risk, including safe plant design, effective maintenance, transport standards, and the detoxification or neutralisation of wastes. Also covered will be: toxicity, corrosiveness, flammability, explosiveness, radioactivity, information data banks; safety and health hazards of manufacturing, processing, transport, storage, disposal; international, national, and local codes of practice, threshold values, standards; for incidents: prevention, control, clean-up, communications, labelling, sources of information and assistance, and case histories; and economic and general risk assessment, insurance, test methods.
Elsevier Scientific Publishing Company, P.O. Box 211, Amsterdam, Netherlands, Sep. 1975.
Reference works in the field of occupational health
Obras de referência em saúde ocupacional [in Portuguese]
Enumeration of the principal reference works and sources of information (national and international) in the field of occupational safety and health: Encyclopaedia of Occupational Health and Safety, published by the ILO; Brazilian Medical Bibliography; World Bibliography of Social Security and Social Security Abstracts, both published by the International Social Security Association; Excerpta Medica (Amsterdam); the CIS services; etc. Example of a card (bibliographical citation-cum-abstract) issued by the Brazilian National Foundation for Occupational Safety, Health and Medicine (Fundacentro). A description of the Fundacentro documentation service is appended, together with general remarks on various card-indexing systems: the CIS facetted classification system, the Universal Decimal Classification system, the "Uniterm" system, alphabetical filing of documents.
Revista brasileira de saúde ocupacional, Jan.-Mar. 1975, Vol.3, No.9, p.49-61. Illus. 17 ref.
Occupational safety and health - Bibliography.
Sécurité et hygiène professionnelles - Bibliographie. [in French]
A selection of some 800 volumes from the Technical Library of the Accident Prevention Division of the Canada Department of Labour, this bibliography is intended for all levels of management, safety officers and others responsible for occupational safety. The following subjects are covered: accident prevention (general); agriculture; nuclear energy; pressure vessels; chemicals; conferences and meetings; construction; dust; training; electricity; lifts; engineering; ergonomics; explosions; fire protection; first aid; forestry and logging; gas; grain handling; industrial legislation; lighting; machine guarding; machinery and tools; safety programmes; materials handling and lifting; coal mines and other mines; noise; occupational diseases; personal protection; petroleum; radiation; ships, shipbuilding and repairing, longshoring; statistics; trucking; ventilation; pollution; welding and cutting; workmen's compensation.
Accident Prevention and Compensation Branch, Department of Labour, Ottawa, Canada, 1974. 139p.
Occupational safety and health: A guide to information sources.
This book contains names and addresses of sources of information and of bibliographies in the USA and international agencies. The services offered, areas of interest, holdings, and publications are given for public and private agencies. Sections are: federal agencies and programmes; state agencies and programmes; professional societies and trade associations; research programmes; training programmes; bibliographic materials; (occupational safety and health; abstracts services, selected bibliographies, doctoral dissertations etc.); media resources; occupational safety and health standards: information sources; safety equipment suppliers; related legislation and codes; libraries; international information sources; index.
Management Information Guide No.28, Gale Research Company, Book Tower, Detroit, Michigan, USA, 1974. 261p. Price: US-$14.50.
National Library of Medicine, Bethesda, Maryland.
Medical subject headings: Alphabetical list 1975.
This interim edition of the alphabetical list of all subject descriptors is used by indexers and cataloguers at the U.S. National Library of Medicine. The list includes: main headings (MeSH terms), provisional headings, geographic headings, non-MeSH terms, and indexing instructions. It is one of the first publications to reflect the structure of MEDLARS II.
PB 234189/9WJ, National Technical Information Service, Springfield, Virginia 22151, USA, Aug. 1974. 339p. Price: Photocopy US-$7.50/Microfiche US-$1.45.
Occupational health - A guide to sources of information.
This book of wide scope is intended to provide general information to members of the occupational health team, medical practitioners, administrators, information officers, students and librarians as to information sources and training facilities in the occupational safety and health field in the United Kingdom and internationally. Specialists have contributed chapters on: occupational physicians; occupational hygienists; occupational health nurses; occupational psychologists; ergonomists; biomedical engineers; safety engineers and safety inspectors. Other subjects covered include: management; trade unions; occupational medicine and the Common Market. Information on international agencies, societies and organisations of relevance to occupational health is also given. Guidance is provided on how to obtain information not available in the text itself.
William Heinemann Medical Books Ltd., 23 Bedford Square, London WC1B 3HT, United Kingdom, 1974. 298p. Illus. 656 ref. Price: £6.50.
Duncan E.B., McGovern B., Hall S.A.
BOHS Symposium on co-operation in information handling and retrieval in environmental hygiene.
The Spring Conference on current awareness in environmental hygiene organised by the British Occupational Hygiene Society (London, 4 April 1973) was followed the next day by a symposium on co-operation in information handling and retrieval in environmental hygiene. The symposium took the form of a series of round-table discussions between organisers and users of various information services. The proceedings are summarised here under the following headings: duplication in title citation and abstract services; meeting the user's needs for selective or comprehensive information services; non-published sources; national and international information systems; developments in computerised storage and retrieval; education facilities for users and for information scientists.
Annals of Occupational Hygiene, Nov.1973, Vol.16, No.3, p.305-309.
Burtis E.G., Sherwood R.J.
Information systems for environmental hygiene: Experience with a U.S. company proprietary service.
Part 1 (by Burtis) describes the central information facility established in 1951 by the Esso Medical Research Division in the USA to provide occupational health and hygiene information to its affiliates throughout the world. The service is described in detail, and the techniques used in classifying and distributing proprietary and published material are discussed. Part 2 (by Sherwood) describes the use of this service by a regional hygienist in England, relating it to the general channels of communication and the local storage of data. The need for a simple system for the hygienist to store and retrieve technical and administrative information is emphasised.
Annals of Occupational Hygiene, Nov. 1973, Vol.16, No.3, p.283-291.
Information systems for environmental health: Some observations on their development and use in an industrial research centre.
A brief review of basic information requirements and activities of industrial research centres (in the light of the experience gained by Shell Research Laboratories in England) is followed by the description of the organisational approach needed to fulfil these requirements. These may be met by a decentralised, manually-operated network, or by a centralised computer system. The optimum service is probably provided by a combination of both, with the computer in a supporting but by no means dominating role. A comprehensive information network of this type is described, and the merits and limitations of computer use are discussed.
Annals of Occupational Hygiene, Nov. 1973, Vol.16, No.3, p.275-282. Illus.
The International Occupational Safety and Health Information Centre - The CIS.
A brief history of the development of the International Occupational Safety and Health Information Centre (CIS) over the period 1958-1973 is given, followed by an outline of current studies aimed at providing improved information services as from January 1974. These studies include computerisation of the CIS data base and production of an abstracts bulletin with incorporated subject index. Additional services available to subscribers are briefly described.
Annals of Occupational Hygiene, Nov. 1973, Vol.16, No.3, p.267-272. 1 ref.
Classification and sources in environmental safety and health.
The classification of environmental health and safety documentation is discussed in relation to the Universal Decimal Classification system (UDC) and the faceted scheme developed by the International Occupational Safety and Health Information Centre (CIS) in 1959 and used until 1974. The existing sources of information in environmental health and safety are considered in a wider context than that of the recognised occupational hygiene literature.
Annals of Occupational Hygiene, Nov. 1973, Vol.16, No.3, p.257-265. 5 ref.
CIS - A world-wide, computerised information service for occupational safety and health.
A short description of the purpose, coverage and working methods of the new abstracting service developed by the International Occupational Safety and Health Information Centre - the CIS - within the framework of the International Labour Office in Geneva, Switzerland. The service is highly selective; out of 30,000-40,000 documents each year, 2,500-3,000 are included in the CIS Abstracts bulletin. The additional facilities available from the CIS (literature searches, etc.) are also described.
National Safety News, Oct. 1973, Vol.108, No.4, p.109-112. Illus.
Seventh Regional Symposium on Occupational Health in Building and Civil Engineering - Statistics and data processing in the service of occupational health and safety in building and civil engineering
VIIe Journée régionale de médecine du travail du bâtiment et des travaux publics - La statistique et l'informatique au service de la médecine du travail et de la prévention dans les industries du bâtiment et des travaux publics [in French]
The entire issue is devoted to the proceedings of this symposium, held at Nantes (France) on 8 October 1971: usefulness and limitations of statistics and data processing for industrial medicine; minimum scope of medical examinations; preparation of medical records for computerisation; initial results of statistical analysis and use of 850 medical records of supervisory staff in the industry; a new weapon in the hands of the industrial medical officer: the programming language used for the analysis of available data; semi-automated examinations for industrial medical purposes; data processing and its perspectives in the construction industry.
Revue de médecine du travail, New series 1972, Vol.1, No.2, p.5-103. Illus. 14 ref.
Model code of safety regulations for underground work in coal mines
Règlement type de sécurité pour les travaux souterrains dans les mines de charbon [in French]
Contents of this model code of safety regulations for underground work in coal mines: general; means of access and egress; plans; explosives; shotfiring; supports; haulage of material; travel and transportation of workers on roads and inclines; winding of men and material; ventilation; precautions against firedamp; precautions against coal dust; precautions against inrushes of water; prevention and extinction of mine fires; shaft sinking or deepening; electricity; machinery and plant; qualifications and duties of managing officials, supervisory officials and miners; notification, investigation and recording of accidents and dangerous occurrences; first aid and rescue; general inspections by managers and supervisory officials; safety organization; miscellaneous.
ILO Publications, International Labour Office, 1211 Genève 22, Switzerland, 1949. 102p.
underground_work_in_coal_mines:_ILO_LABORDOC_[INTRANET_ACCESS] [in English]
Knudson T.L., Kolanz M.E.
An innovative safety model and e-learning guide to working safely with beryllium throughout the industrial supply chain
Over the past 10 years, the primary beryllium producer in the United States has partnered with the National Institute for Occupational Health and Safety (NIOSH) in conducting research to develop a beryllium safety model to prevent chronic beryllium disease. As the result of this research-to-practice partnership, a philosophically different worker protection model evolved based on the premise of addressing all routes and pathways of potential worker exposure. The model's fundamental principles involve keeping: beryllium out of the lungs; work areas clean; off the skin; off clothing; at the source; in the work area; on the plant site; workers prepared to work safely. Recent research by NIOSH is demonstrating that the model has reduced beryllium sensitization and lowered the risk of chronic beryllium disease in employees hired since 2001. As a result, an e-learning tool was created to enhance the communication of the model throughout the industrial supply chain.
Journal of Occupational and Environmental Hygiene, Dec. 2009, Vol.6, No.10, p.758-761. 7 ref.
An_innovative_safety_model.pdf [in English]
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