Workers' participation - 722 entries found
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Motamedzade M., Shahnavaz H., Kazemnejad A., Azar A., Karimi H.
The impact of participatory ergonomics on working conditions, quality and productivity
A participatory ergonomics model based on a Supportive Expert Team (SET) was designed for improving working conditions, quality and productivity in a medium-sized manufacturing enterprise. To implement the model, a structure consisting of a Steering Committee (SC) and two Action Groups (AGs) was used and a five-step methodology was adopted. To validate the model, a similar factory was selected as control. Performance of the model was successful throughout the project. AGs under the supervision of the SC and the support of the SET designed and implemented several ergonomics solutions using local resources. The findings showed that when compared to the conditions of the control factory, the application of the model resulted in a more humanized work environment as well as in higher efficiency.
International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics, 2003, Vol.9, No.2, p.135-147. Illus. 18 ref.
CHSCT guide - Making better use of joint health, safety and working conditions committees
Guide du CHSCT - Pour un meilleur usage des comités d'hygiène, de sécurité et des conditions de travail [in French]
This guide on committees for hygiene, safety and working conditions (Comités d'hygiène, de sécurité et des conditions de travail - CHSCT) consists of a comprehensive study of the objectives, implementation and mode of operation of workers' representative bodies in the workplace in France. Contents: importance of prevention; analysis of work activities; CHSCT implementation; CHSCT activities; tools for effective action (information, legal texts, onsite interventions, occupational physicians, documents, experts, outside help).
Les éditions d'ergonomie, B.P. 138, 13267 Marseille Cedex 08, France, 2003. 274p. Illus. 27 ref. Price: EUR 40.00.
Warszewska M., Widerszal-Bazyl M.
Forms of direct employee participation in managing a company
Formy bezpośredniej partycypacji pracowników w zarządzaniu firmą [in Polish]
Direct participation is a specific mode of employee participation in the management of the enterprise, which helps improve employee motivation and commitment, and thus job security and business performance. This kind of participation is widely practiced in countries of the European Union, and is beginning to attract interest in Poland. The article provides an overview of the main forms of direct participation, namely consultation (individual or group) and delegation (individual and group), along with examples of application at the workplace.
Bezpieczeństwo pracy, Apr. 2003, No.4 (381), p.13-16. Illus. 8 ref.
Montero Martínez R.
Seven safety principles based on behaviour
Siete principios de la seguridad basada en los comportamientos [in Spanish]
The last few years have witnessed the increasing importance of behaviour-based safety within the framework of safety management systems. This article defines the basic principles for the implementation of a safety management system that takes human behaviour into account: focusing on behaviour; observing and quantifying the different types of behaviour; clearly defining behaviour; making use of the potential consequences of behaviour (feedback and reinforcement); managing the behaviour (safety training and definition of objectives); encouraging participation; maintaining a high standard of professional ethics; designing a strategy and adhering to the model defined.
Prevención, trabajo y salud, 2003, No.25, p.4-11. Illus. 18 ref.
Roy M., Saint-Jacques D.
Semi-autonomous teams and occupational safety and health - Update of the survey of published literature and of the semi-autonomous teamwork model
Equipes semi-autonomes et santé et sécurité du travail - Mise à jour de la recension des écrits et du modèle d'organisation du travail en équipes semi-autonomes [in French]
Contents of this literature survey on the consequences of semi-autonomous teamwork (SAT) on the safety, health and well-being of workers in enterprises having adopted this mode of work organization: definition and importance of this mode of work; SAT implementation process; SAT performance; SAT models and success factors. Overall, results appear to be mixed and the hoped-for advantages have often not been achieved.
Institut de recherche en santé et en sécurité du travail du Québec (IRSST), 505 boul. de Maisonneuve Ouest, Montreal (Quebec) H3A 3C2, Canada, May 2003. viii, 72p. Illus. 244 ref. Price: CAD 7.50.
http://www.irsst.qc.ca/htmfr/pdf_txt/B-065.pdf [in French]
Best practices in work-flexibility schemes and their impact on the quality of working life in the chemical industries
Les meilleures pratiques de flexibilité du travail et leur incidence sur la qualité de la vie professionnelle dans les industries chimiques [in French]
Las prácticas óptimas en los sistemas de trabajo flexible y sus efectos en la calidad de la vida laboral en las industrias químicas [in Spanish]
Report for discussion at a tripartite meeting on best practices in work-flexibility schemes and their impact on the quality of working life in the chemical industries. It contains many examples of current work flexibility practices and related areas that affect them. Main topics covered: employment; remuneration; working time; skills, training and knowledge management; shift work; industrial relations.
ILO Publications, International Labour Office, 1211 Genève 22, Switzerland, 2003. vii, 116p. Illus. 129 ref. Price: CHF 20.00.
http://www.ilo.org/public/english/dialogue/sector/techmeet/tmwfci03/tmwfci-r.pdf [in English]
http://www.ilo.org/public/french/dialogue/sector/techmeet/tmwfci03/tmwfci-r.pdf [in French]
http://www.ilo.org/public/english/dialogue/sector/techmeet/tmwfci03/tmwfci-r.pdf [in Spanish]
Grant K.A., Garland J.G., Joachim T.C., Wallen A., Vital T.
Achieving health, safety, and performance improvements through enhanced cost visibility and workplace partnerships
Reduction in the environment, safety and occupational health (ESOH) component of operational costs requires not only a better understanding of ESOH costs and requirements, but also the formation of effective partnerships between ESOH professionals, finance personnel and shop workers to identify viable improvements to current practices. This article presents two case studies of efforts to enhance productivity and lower ESOH-related costs in corrosion control facilities at two air force bases in the United States. At each site, activity-based cost models were created to increase the visibility of ESOH-related costs and target improvement opportunities. Analysis of the aircraft strip-and-paint processes revealed that a large proportion of operating costs were tied to ESOH requirements and practices. In each case ESOH professionals teamed with shop personnel to identify potential improvements in personal protective equipment use, waste disposal, tool selection, and work methods. This approach yielded alternatives projected to reduce total shop costs by 5-7%.
AIHA Journal, Sep.-Oct. 2003, Vol.64, No.5, p.660-667. Illus. 11 ref.
Hjort C., Højmose P., Sherson D.
A model for safety and health promotion among Danish farmers
This article describes an ongoing participatory project aimed at preventing accidents in the agricultural sector in a region of Denmark. The main principles were local involvement in designing the project, multifacetted activities for defined target-groups and the recognition of specific occupational skills. This multilevel approach involved groups and organizations including farmers, farmers' spouses, agricultural advisors, agricultural school teachers, employees and part-time farm workers. Activities included discussion meetings, information meetings in larger and smaller groups, and the designing of educational safety material. The project is a managed from "bottom-up" with a small budget and little centrally-organized activities. Evaluations are undertaken throughout the project period. If this concept can be implemented in Denmark, it may well be useful in other developed and developing countries.
Journal of Agromedicine, 2003, Vol.9, No.1, p.93-100. Illus. 11 ref.
Motamedzade M., Shahnavaz H., Kazemnejad A., Azar A., Karimi H.
The impact of participatory ergonomics on working conditions, quality and productivity
This article describes a participatory ergonomic model designed for improving working conditions, quality and productivity in a medium-sized manufacturing enterprise by making use of a Supportive Expert Team (SET). In order to implement the model, a team-based structure consisting of a Steering Committee (SC) and two Action Groups (AGs) was designed and a five-phase methodology was followed. To validate the model, a similar factory was selected as control. Performance of the model was successful throughout the project. AGs under the supervision of the SC and the support of the SET designed and implemented several ergonomics solutions using local resources. The findings showed that, in comparison with the control factory, the application of this model provides a more humanized work environment as well as improvements in efficiency and cost.
International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics, 2003, Vol.9, No.2, p.135-147. Illus. 18 ref.
James P., Gunningham I., Dibben P.
Health and Safety Executive
Job retention and vocational rehabilitation: The development and evaluation of a conceptual framework
The purpose of this study was to identify the issues which employers need to address in partnership with their employees in order to facilitate the continued employment of workers with physical or mental impairment through the provision of vocational rehabilitation. Phase one consisted of the development of a framework document to identify the main issues, and the presentation of this document to a conference of stakeholders. Subsequently, in phase two, a review of the available research evidence was conducted concerning the validity of this framework document and the extent to which employers do currently undertake the types of activities in it. Overall, the evidence lent some support to the propositions put forward in the framework document.
HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 2WA, United Kingdom, 2003. x, 87p. Illus. 131 ref. Price: GBP 15.00.
http://www.hse.gov.uk/research/rrpdf/rr106.pdf [in English]
Health and Safety Executive
This booklet comments the safety issues to be addressed in quarries. The following topics are covered in the form of a check-list with illustrations showing the correct and the wrong way to act: design; management; training; workforce involvement; management structure; continuing development; electricity; conveyors; lifting and handling; access on/off vehicles; sheeting; all-round visibility; excavation; edge protection.
HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 2WA, United Kingdom, June 2003. 8p. Illus. 6 ref.
Guidelines on occupational safety and health management systems - ILO-OSH 2001
Metodičeski ukazanija za sistemi za upravlenie na bezopasnotta i zgravemo pri rabota - ILO-OSH 2001 [in Bulgarian]
Bulgarian-language version of the ILO guidelines abstracted under CIS 02-162. These ILO guidelines call for coherent policies to protect workers from occupational hazards. They present practical approaches and tools for assisting organizations, competent national institutions, employers, workers and other partners in establishing, implementing and improving occupational safety and health management systems, with the aim of reducing work-related injuries, ill health, diseases, incidents and deaths. At the national level, the guidelines provide for the establishment of a national framework for occupational safety and health (OSH) management systems, preferably supported by national laws and regulations. They also provide precise information on developing voluntary arrangements to strengthen compliance with regulations and standards, which, in turn, lead to continuing improvement of OSH performance. At the organizational level, the guidelines encourage the integration of OSH management system elements as an important component of overall policy and management arrangements.
Nacionalen centăr po higiena, medicinska ekologija i hranene, Sofija 1431, bul. "Iv. Gešov" 15, Bulgaria, 2003. 62p. Illus. 37 ref.
Motivation as a means of achieving safety based on behaviour
Motivación para la seguridad basada en la conducta [in Spanish]
Methods currently used for modifying dangerous behaviour at the workplace are based on a psychological approach (motivation) and are structured in the form of intervention programmes. This article presents the method as well as the results obtained from this type of intervention. Prior to the conception and later the implementation of these programmes aimed at motivating workers to adopt safe behaviour which require the active involvement of workers, managers and safety representatives, a behaviour analysis should be carried out and critical behavioural patterns should be noted. Job observations are a key element of these programmes, allowing to check whether workers adopt safe behaviour. The effectiveness of these interventions can be measured in terms of the reduction in accident frequency and absenteeism days.
Noticias de seguridad, July-Aug. 2003, Vol.65, No.7/8, p.4-15. Illus. 9 ref.
López Valcárcel A.
Facing the challenge
Enfrentando o desafio [in Portuguese]
The construction industry remains a dangerous sector of activity, with very high rates of occupational injuries and fatal accidents. A reduction in occupational accidents can only be achieved through the strict implementation of long-term occupational safety programmes. This article presents the ILO guidelines for occupational safety and health management systems (ILO-OSH 2001, see CIS 02-162) together with the conditions necessary for their application to occupational safety and health management in the building and construction industry.
Proteção, Sep. 2003, Vol.XVI, No.141, p.77-80. Illus.
Michie S., Williams S.
Reducing work related psychological ill health and sickness absence: A systematic literature review
An analysis of published literature revealed that the following factors were associated with psychological ill health and sickness absence in staff: long hours worked, work overload and pressure, and the effects of these on personal lives; lack of control over work; lack of participation in decision making; poor social support; unclear work definitions and management role. There was some evidence that sickness absence was associated with poor management style. Successful interventions that improved psychological health and levels of sickness absence used training and organizational approaches to increase participation in decision making and problem solving, and to increase support, feedback and communication.
Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Jan. 2003, Vol.60, No.1, p.3-9. 55 ref.
Guidelines on occupational safety and health management systems - ILO-OSH 2001
Rukovodstvo po sistemam upravlenija ohranoj truda - MOT/SUOT 2001 [in Russian]
Russian translation of ILO guidelines calling for coherent policies to protect workers from occupational hazards (English version analysed under CIS 02-162). These guidelines present practical approaches and tools for assisting organizations, competent national institutions, employers, workers and other partners in establishing, implementing and improving occupational safety and health management systems, with the aim of reducing work-related injuries, ill health, diseases, incidents and deaths. At the national level, they provide for the establishment of a national framework for occupational safety and health (OSH) management systems, preferably supported by national laws and regulations. They also provide precise information on developing voluntary arrangements to strengthen compliance with regulations and standards, which, in turn, lead to continual improvement of OSH performance. At the organizational level, the guidelines encourage the integration of OSH management system elements as an important component of overall policy and management arrangements.
ILO Publications, International Labour Office, 1211 Genève 22, Switzerland, 2003. 27p. 37 ref.
Harassment at work - A trade union approach
Belästigungen am Arbeitsplatz: Eine Antwort der Gewerkschaft [in German]
Pesten op het werk: Een syndicaal antwoord [in Dutch]
Harcèlement au travail - Une réponse syndicale [in French]
This booklet makes the case that bullying at work is also the result of organizational failures, and that a trade union involvement is consequently appropriate. It presents facts, arguments, proposals for intervention and a synthesis of Belgian and European legislation. It also describes the typical profiles of the persecutor and the victim, and addresses comprehensively the roles of employers, safety committees and OSH specialists.
Fédération Générale du Travail de Belgique, rue Haute 42, 1000 Bruxelles, Belgium, May 2002. 48p.
http://www.abvv.be/PDF/nl/Documents/2002/PESTEN.zip [in Dutch]
http://www.abvv.be/PDF/de/Documents/2002/HARCELE.pdf [in German]
http://www.abvv.be/PDF/fr/Documents/2002/HARCELEMENTMORAL.zip [in French]
Training course on occupational safety and health (OSH) and hazardous child labour in the informal sector shoe-manufacturing
Binder containing materials distributed to the participants of a training course on hazardous child labour in the informal sector shoe manufacturing held in Bandung, Indonesia, 14-17 October 2002. Organized jointly by the ILO and the International Programme on the Elimination of Child Labour (IPEC), its objective was to raise awareness in occupational safety and health issues. Contents: programme and objectives of the training course (schedule, course description, exercises and participant evaluation); hazardous child work in the footwear industry; hazard identification; participatory action training in the informal sector; work improvement in small enterprises; workplace visits; additional sources of information.
ILO Publications, International Labour Office, 1211 Genève 22, Switzerland, 2002. Approx. 200p. Binder containing various course materials.
Adapting to change in work and society: A new Community strategy on health and safety at work 2002-2006
Meddelelse fra Kommissionen: Tilpasning til ændringerne i arbejdslivet og i samfundet: en ny fællesskabsstrategi for sundhed og sikkerhed på arbejdspladsen 2002-2006 [in Danish]
Mitteilung der Kommission: Anpassung an den Wandel von Arbeitswelt und Gesellschaft: eine neue Gemeinschaftsstrategie für Gesundheit und Sicherheit am Arbeitsplatz 2002-2006 [in German]
Anakoinōsē tēs Epitropē s: Prosarmogē stis allages tēs ergasias kai tēs koinōnias: mia nea koinotikē stratēgikē ugeias kai asfaleias 2002-2006 [in Greek]
Como adaptarse a los cambios en la sociedad y en el mundo del trabajo: una nueva estrategia comunitaria de salud y seguridad (2002-2006) [in Spanish]
Meddelande från Kommissionen: Anpassning till förändringar i arbetsliv och samhälle: en ny arbetsmiljöstrategi för gemenskapen 2002-2006 [in Swedish]
S'adapter aux changements du travail et de la société: une nouvelle stratégie communautaire de santé et de sécurité 2002-2006 [in French]
Comunicazione della commissione: Adattarsi alle trasformazioni del lavoro e dalla società: una nuova strategia comunitaria per la salute e la sicurezza 2002-2006 [in Italian]
Mededeling van de Commissie: Zich aanpassen aan de veranderingen in werk en samenleving: een nieuwe communautaire gezondheids- en veiligheidsstrategie 2002-2006 [in Dutch]
Comunicação da Comissão: Adaptação às transformações do trabalho e da sociedade: uma nova estratégia comunitária de saúde e segurança 2002-2006 [in Portuguese]
Komission Tiedonanto: Työn ja yhteiskunnan muutoksiin sopeutuminen: Yhteisön uusi työterveys- ja työturvallisuusstrategia vuosiksi 2002-2006 [in Finnish]
Full report of the European Commission of March 2002 on the EU Strategy on occupational safety and health for the years 2002-2006. Contents: keeping pace with changes in the world of work; changes in society; an increasingly feminized society; an ageing active population; changes in forms of employment; changes in the nature of risk; towards a new community strategy on health and safety; global approach to well-being at work by strengthening the prevention culture; education, awareness and anticipation: improving people's knowledge of risks; better application of existing law; combining instruments and building partnerships; adapting the legal and institutional framework; encouraging innovative approaches; working to mainstream health and safety at work in other community policies; preparing for enlargement; developing international cooperation; Also available in Danish, Dutch, German, Greek, Italian, Portuguese and Swedish.
European Agency for Safety and Health at Work, Gran Vía 33, 48009 Bilbao, Spain, 2002. 18p.
http://osha.europa.eu/en/legislation/future/index.stm/com2002_gr.pdf [in Greek]
http://osha.europa.eu/da/legislation/future/com2002_da.pdf [in Danish]
http://osha.europa.eu/de/legislation/future/com2002_de.pdf [in German]
http://osha.europa.eu/legislation/future/com2002_en.pdf [in English]
http://osha.europa.eu/legislation/future/com2002_es.pdf [in Spanish]
http://osha.europa.eu/fi/legislation/future/com2002_fi.pdf [in Finnish]
http://osha.europa.eu/legislation/future/com2002_fr.pdf [in French]
http://osha.europa.eu/it/legislation/future/com2002_it.pdf [in Italian]
http://osha.europa.eu/nl/legislation/future/com2002_nl.pdf [in Dutch]
http://osha.europa.eu/pt/legislation/future/com2002_pt.pdf [in Portuguese]
http://osha.europa.eu/sv/legislation/future/com2002_sv.pdf [in Swedish]
Working with stress
This videotape, aimed at human resources specialists, psychologists, managers and occupational health professionals, describes workplace risk factors that can create or exacerbate worker stress and suggests practical measures for reducing job-related stress through changes in work organization.
Publications Dissemination, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH), 4676 Columbia Parkway, Cincinnati, OH 45226-1998, USA, Nov. 2002. Videotape (VHS format): 17 min.
http://www.cdc.gov/niosh/video/stressdvd1002.html [in English]
Training of persons elected to occupational hygiene, safety and working conditions committees
Formation des élus CHS-CT [in French]
Document pack for trainers in a five-day programme developed by a French trade union for the training of workers elected to occupational hygiene, safety and working conditions committees (CHSCTs). Topics covered include: concepts of safety and health at work; role and functions of the CHSCT; and analysis of accident causes to determine preventive measures.
Formation syndicale CGT, rue de Paris 263, 93516 Montreuil Cedex, France, Mar. 2002. 140p. Illus.
García Herrero S., Mariscal Saldaña M.A., Manzanedo del Campo M.A., Ritzel D.O.
From the traditional concept of safety management to safety integrated with quality
This article reviews the evolution of the concepts of safety and quality that have been used in the traditional workplace and highlights the advantages and disadvantages of traditional safety programmes. The concept of quality management is also presented. Safety management and quality management principles, phases and measurements are highlighted and the concepts of quality and safety guarantees are assessed. Total quality management concepts are reviewed and applied to safety quality and total safety management principles are discussed. Finally, the relationship between quality and safety is analysed based on data collected from a Spanish company.
Journal of Safety Research, 2002, Vol.33, No.1, p.1-20. Illus. 36 ref.
The use of occupational safety and health management systems in the Member States of the European Union
Anvendelsen af arbejdsmiljøledelsessystemer i EU-medlemsstaterne [in Danish]
Die Verwendung von Managementsystemen für Sicherheit und Gesundheitsschutz bei der Arbeit in den Mitgliedstaaten der Europäischen Union [in German]
Ē Hrḗsē Sustēmátōn Diaheírisēs tēs Epaggelmatikḗs Asfáleias kai Ugeías sta Krátē Mélē tēs Eurōpaïkḗs Énōsēs [in Greek]
Uso de los sistemas de gestión de la seguridad y la salud en el trabajo en los Estados miembros de la Unión Europea [in Spanish]
Användningen av arbetsmiljöledningssystem i Europeiska unionens medlemsstater [in Swedish]
Utilisation des systèmes de gestion de la sécurité et de la santé au travail dans les Etats membres de l'Union européenne [in French]
L'uso dei sistemi di gestione della sicurezza e della salute sul lavoro negli Stati membri dell'Unione europea [in Italian]
Managementsystemen voor veiligheid en gezondheid op het werk in de lidstaten van de Europese Unie [in Dutch]
A utilização de sistemas de gestão da segurança e da saúde no trabalho nos Estados-Membros da União Europeia [in Portuguese]
Työterveys- ja työturvallisuushallintajärjestelmien käyttö Euroopan unionin jäsenvaltioissa [in Finnish]
This fact sheet summarizes a report on occupational safety and health management systems in the Member States of the European Union, which sets out the five key building blocks of an ideal OSH management system and examines how 11 companies across the EU, who have introduced or improved their OSH management systems, measure up to these. Two case studies are also presented.
European Agency for Safety and Health at Work, http://osha.eu.int, 2002. 2p. Illus. 2 ref.
http://agency.osha.eu.int/publications/factsheets/26/en/FACTSHEETSN26_EN.PDF [in English]
http://agency.osha.eu.int/publications/factsheets/26/es/FACTSN26-ES.pdf [in Spanish]
http://agency.osha.eu.int/publications/factsheets/26/fr/FACTSN26-FR.pdf [in French]
http://agency.osha.eu.int/publications/factsheets/26/da/FACTSN26-DA.pdf [in Danish]
http://agency.osha.eu.int/publications/factsheets/26/de/FACTSN26-DE.pdf [in German]
http://agency.osha.eu.int/publications/factsheets/26/el/FACTSN26-GR.PDF [in Greek]
http://agency.osha.eu.int/publications/factsheets/26/nl/FACTSN26-NL.pdf [in Dutch]
http://agency.osha.eu.int/publications/factsheets/26/pt/FACTSN26-PT.pdf [in Portuguese]
http://agency.osha.eu.int/publications/factsheets/26/fi/FACTSN26-FI.PDF [in Finnish]
http://agency.osha.eu.int/publications/factsheets/26/sv/FACTSN26-SV.pdf [in Swedish]
http://agency.osha.eu.int/publications/factsheets/26/it/FACTSN26-IT.pdf [in Italian]
How to manage occupational safety and health and succeed
Jak zarządzać bezpieczen£twem i higieną pracy i osiągnąć sukces [in Polish]
This publication explains why it is worthwhile to improve safety and health management, how to manage occupational safety and health and how to test the functioning of safety and health management systems.
Centralny Instytut Ochrony Pracy, ul. Czerniakowska 16, 00-701 Warszawa, Poland, 2002. 17p. Illus.
Ketola R., Toivonen R., Häkkänen M., Luukkonen R., Takala E.P., Viikari-Juntura E.
Effects of ergonomic intervention in work with video display units
This study evaluated the effect of an intensive ergonomic approach and education on workstation changes and musculoskeletal disorders among workers who used a video display unit (VDU). The 124 subjects were allocated into three groups (intensive ergonomics, ergonomic education, reference) using stratified random sampling. The evaluation involved questionnaires, a diary of discomfort, measurements of workload and an ergonomic rating of the workstations. The intensive and training groups showed less musculoskeletal discomfort than the reference group after two months of follow-up. Positive effects were seen primarily for the shoulder, neck and upper back areas. Both the intensive ergonomics approach and education in ergonomics help reduce discomfort in VDU work. In attempts to improve the physical ergonomics of VDU workstations, the best result will be achieved with cooperative planning in which both workers and practitioners are actively involved.
Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment and Health, Feb. 2002, Vol.28, No.1, p.18-24. Illus. 22 ref.
Guidelines on occupational safety and health management systems - ILO-OSH 2001
Zhiye anquan jiankang guanli tixi daoze [in Chinese]
Chinese translation of the guidelines on occupational safety and health management systems. These ILO guidelines call for coherent policies to protect workers from occupational hazards. They present practical approaches and tools for assisting organizations, competent national institutions, employers, workers and other partners in establishing, implementing and improving occupational safety and health management systems, with the aim of reducing work-related injuries, ill health, diseases, incidents and deaths. At the national level, the guidelines provide for the establishment of a national framework for occupational safety and health (OSH) management systems, preferably supported by national laws and regulations. They also provide precise information on developing voluntary arrangements to strengthen compliance with regulations and standards, which, in turn, lead to continual improvement of OSH performance. At the organizational level, the guidelines encourage the integration of OSH management system elements as an important component of overall policy and management arrangements.
Internet copy, 2002. 36p. Illus. 37 ref.
http://www.chinasafety.ac.cn/ilo.htm [in Chinese]
Lange J., Kessel G., Stehrenberg B., Groth J.
Bundesanstalt für Arbeitsschutz und Arbeitsmedizin
Health-protection concepts for small and medium-sized port companies handling automobiles and bulk goods
Gesundheitsschutzkonzepte für kleine und mittlere Hafenbetriebe beim Auto- und Massengutumschlag [in German]
The aim of this study was to develop a health-protection concept addressing the different working conditions of port workers who handle the loading and unloading of bulk goods and automobiles. Data were collected through a questionnaire survey of 222 port workers (192 involved in automobile handling and 30 in bulk goods handling), by observing the work processes and the workplaces and by interviewing experts. It was found that the concept of integrated quality and safety management systems can successfully take into account the existing company safety and health organization systems as well as statutory labour protection provisions, with the participation of workers actively involved in the self-regulation of the system.
Wirtschaftsverlag NW, Postfach 10 11 10, 27511 Bremerhaven, Germany, 2002. 279p. Illus. 42 ref. Price: EUR 24.00.
Identification of risks in occupational settings through the participation of workers - DEPARIS approach
DEpistage PArticipatif des RISques dans une situation de travail - Méthode DEPARIS [in French]
This article describes an approach for the identification of hazards suited for small enterprises, involving the participation of workers. The working conditions are systematically reviewed and all aspects influencing the ease, efficiency and satisfaction at work are discussed with the aim of identifying practical prevention measures. Points needing further investigation with the assistance of specialists or experts are highlighted. The procedure is followed during a meeting of key operators and technical managers. The approach is shown to be simple, quick to implement and low in cost. It could play a significant role in the development of a dynamic risk management programme and a participatory culture in the enterprise.
Médecine du travail & Ergonomie / Arbeidsgezondheitszorg & Ergonomie, 2002, Vol.XXXIX, No.4, p.149-167. 22 ref.
Prevention of undesirable attitudes at the workplace
La prévention des comportements indésirables au travail [in French]
According to the provisions of the Belgian law on well-being, each person working within an enterprise has responsibilities with respect to the safety, health and well-being of their fellow-workers and themselves. The new law of 11 June 2002 on the protection against violence, bullying and sexual harassment at work further specifies that each worker is required to refrain from all these types of act and to participate actively in the related preventive policies. Aimed at employers, this article presents the practical aspects of the implementation of this law within the enterprise and proposes the participatory risk analysis approach as a tool for the diagnosis and the prevention of undesirable attitudes at the workplace.
Travail et bien-être, Sep.-Oct. 2002, Vol.5, No.4, p.6-11. Illus.
Motivating employees for the use of personal protective equipment
Experience shows that many employees do not use personal protective equipment (PPE) for a variety of reasons. Coercing them into wearing PPEs is generally not effective. Consultations with labour organizations lead to identifying the main reasons for not wearing PPEs: lack of knowledge on the hazard; overconfidence; negligence; fear of ridicule when wearing PPEs; perception that use of PPEs slows down work, resulting in lower production and possible lower earnings; perception that PPEs are not necessary; discomfort. Each of these reasons are discussed briefly, and suggestions are made on motivating employees to use PPEs.
INDOSHNEWS, Oct.-Dec. 2002, Vol.7 No.4, p.9-12.
Malchaire J.B., Piette A.
Co-ordinated strategy of prevention and control of the biomechanical factors associated with the risk of musculoskeletal disorders
This article describes a cost-effective four-stage approach to improve biomechanical working conditions and prevent the development of musculoskeletal diseases. The approach was tested in ten work situations with various characteristics, to check its understanding, usability and efficiency. The first stage involves distributing a leaflet aimed at motivating the operators to check for problems and bring about immediate solutions if possible. In stage two, an observation checklist is then used to guide the discussions between workers and management. The assistance of an occupational health practitioner may become necessary at stage three to deepen the analysis of the remaining problems, while the fourth stage involving experts is required only in exceptional cases. The approach was evaluated positively by users and proved to be effective in encouraging cooperation between workers and management.
International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health, Sep. 2002, Vol.75, No.7, p.459-467. 24 ref.
St-Vincent M., Tellier C., Chicoine D., Laberge M., Lortie M., Fernandez J.
Comparison of the implementation of a participatory ergonomics approach and job analysis tools for varied tasks in two enterprises with different conditions
Comparaison de l'implantation d'une démarche d'ergonomie participative et d'outils d'analyse du travail destinés aux tâches variées dans deux entreprises au contexte différent [in French]
This study presents the results of implementing a participatory approach to the ergonomic analysis of various tasks in two enterprises, one having favourable conditions, the other unfavourable. In both enterprises, the ergonomics intervention team consisted of operators and technical specialists. The project had four objectives: reduce musculoskeletal disorders and safety hazards; validate an analytical approach developed for varied tasks having long cycles; analyse the problems encountered by the team members in order to better understand the ergonomics learning process in occupational settings; document trends in how ergonomic intervention team members perceived various factors that had been identified in prior studies as being key for the learning process. Findings were positive for the favourable enterprise but mixed in the case of the other.
Institut de recherche en santé et en sécurité du travail du Québec (IRSST), 505 boul. de Maisonneuve Ouest, Montreal (Quebec) H3A 3C2, Canada, July 2002. viii, 298p. Illus. 105 ref. Price: CAD 17.12 (paper version).
http://www.irsst.qc.ca/htmfr/pdf_txt/R-306.pdf [in French]
Buckle P.W., Devereux J.J.
The nature of work-related neck and upper limb musculoskeletal disorders
This article presents the results of a literature review of work-related musculoskeletal disorders of the neck and upper extremities in the European Union. Mechanisms of musculoskeletal disorders affecting tendons, ligaments, nerves, muscle, circulation and pain perception are reviewed and conceptual models for the pathogenesis of musculoskeletal disorders affecting the neck and upper limbs are presented. The epidemiological evidence pointing towards occupational causes of these disorders is discussed. A relationship between the performance of work and the occurrence of neck and upper extremity disorders is evident. Prevention strategies should focus on work organization factors the as well as on the active involvement of the individual worker. The current knowledge is sufficient to enable informed decisions to be made on future research needs and prevention strategies at the societal, organizational and individual level.
Applied Ergonomics, May 2002, Vol.33, No.3, p.207-217. Illus. 80 ref.
Working safety in small enterprises in Europe - Towards a sustainable system for worker participation and representation
It is widely acknowledged that work in small enterprises involves higher levels of injuries, fatalities and occupational diseases. This report presents evidence of the advantages of worker organization and trade union support promoting occupational safety and health in small enterprises. Contents: nature of the safety and health problem in small enterprises; supporting and sustaining improvements in safety and health in small enterprises; workers' participation in safety and health of small enterprises in Italy; dealing with the issue of poor safety and health performance of small enterprises in Spain through regional and sector structure initiatives; regional safety and health representatives in Sweden; developing systems of participation in small enterprises in the United Kingdom; future actions.
European Trade Union Confederation, 5 Bd. du Roi Albert II, 1210 Bruxelles, Belgium, 2002. 172p. Illus. 100 ref.
Health and Safety Executive
Selection of suitable respiratory protective equipment for work with asbestos
This guidance is aimed at employers and self-employed contractors in the building industry, at persons working with asbestos-containing insulation materials, including contractors licensed for this work, and at safety representatives. It will help in selecting the appropriate respirators, making sure they are used correctly and maintained in good condition. Contents: why respirators are necessary; when they should be provided; control measures to be applied before resorting to respirators; marking of respirators; selection of respirators; evaluation of concentrations to which workers are exposed; protection factors; facepiece fit testing; consulting employees; maintenance, training and supervision; some common misuses of respirators when working with asbestos. Replaces CIS 99-2014.
HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 6FS, United Kingdom, July 2002. 26p.14 ref.
http://www.hse.gov.uk/pubns/indg288.pdf [in English]
Boufares F., Njah M., Amamou H.
Evaluation of occupational accidents in the hospital sector: Case of the Farhat Hached Hospital in Sousse
Evaluation des accidents du travail dans le secteur hospitalier: cas de l'hôpital Farhat Hached de Sousse [in French]
This prospective study of occupational accidents in a university hospital in Tunisia was carried out from 1 January 1998 to 31 December 1999. All occupational accidents were taken into account. In all cases, the victim and the witnesses (if any) were interviewed by means of a questionnaire concerning the details of the accident, the professional status of the victim and the proposed prevention measures. Tables present the results by age, tenure, sex, occupational category, department, timing of the accident and cause.
SST - Santé et Sécurité au Travail, Apr. 2002, No.21, p.14-24. Illus. 5 ref.
Estryn-Béhar M., Milanini G., Blanco E., Bonnet S.
Ergonomic study preceding the change in the layout of the medical secretariat of a clinic
Etude ergonomique préalable au réaménagement du secrétariat médical d'une clinique [in French]
The quality of reception is an important aspect of the functioning of a private surgical and medical clinic. Several ergonomic studies involving health care personnel have been carried out in hospital settings. However, little attention has been paid to the administration services that receive the patients, despite the fact that their conditions of work have a direct bearing on the relationship between the patients and the institution. This article describes an ergonomic study carried out in the medical secretariat of a private clinic. Work involved job studies and data collection, followed by the analysis of the data and of proposals submitted by the staff. It resulted in a new design involving a total change in the layout of the work premises.
Documents pour le médecin du travail, 4th Quarter 2002, No.92, p.369-376. Illus. 3 ref.
Health and Safety in Employment Act 2002 [New Zealand]
Modifications of the 1992 basic law concerning occupational safety and health (see CIS 93-701). It broadens the scope of the Act by referring to all the possible hazards employees may encounter, and puts more emphasis on systematic OSH activities - in particular, on the development of OSH management systems. It prohibits employers from paying their employees more in lieu of taking appropriate steps in order to provide for their security. There is elaboration for the involvement of workers in OSH, by themselves or through safety and health committees and representatives, and for appropriate training of the latter. Provisions are given concerning the OSH duties of persons selling or supplying plant for the use in the place of work, and for the registration and notification of occupational accidents. Other matters dealt with: employees' right to refuse dangerous work; enforcement of OSH legislation by various government agencies; issuing of hazard notices by health and safety representatives; role of labour inspectors. A new schedule 1A is inserted: description of an Employee Participation System.
Statutes of New Zealand, 2002, Vol.3, p.2651-2690.
Hall D.C., Wiltshire F.P.
Health and Safety Executive
Railway safety - Assessment of Railtrack's response to improvement notice I/RJS/991007/2 covering the "top 22" signals passed most often at danger
This report presents the results of an audit into the measures taken by the railway infrastructure operating company in the United Kingdom (Railtrack) to mitigate the risks of signals passed repeatedly at danger (SPAD) for the 22 signals that had been passed most often at danger between 1990 and 1998. Each of the 22 signals were viewed from the drivers' cab and discussed with the drivers and representatives of the train operating companies. It is expected that the Train Protection and Warning Systems (TPWS) currently being installed will significantly improve safety.
HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 2WA, United Kingdom, Jan. 2002. vi, 49p. Illus. Price: GBP 10.00.
http://www.hse.gov.uk/railways/spad/top22.pdf [in English]
Royal Decree 614/2001, of 8 June 2001 - Minimum measures for the protection of the health and safety of workers against electric hazards [Spain]
Real Decreto 614/2001, de 8 de junio 2001 - Disposiciones mínimas para la protección de la salud y seguridad de los trabajadores frente al riesgo eléctrico [in Spanish]
The purpose of this Royal Decree (effective September 2001) is to update the provisions applicable to work that presents electrical hazards for compliance with Law No.31/1995 of 8 November 1995 on the prevention of occupational accidents (CIS 95-1921) and European directives. Topics covered: responsibilities of employers; work methods and procedures; training and information of workers; consultation and participation of workers. In appendices: definitions; work with power cut off; live work; operations, measurements, trials and checks; work in the vicinity of live elements; work in premises presenting a fire or explosion hazard, or a risk of static electricity build-up.
Instituto Nacional de Seguridad e Higiene en el Trabajo, c/Torrelaguna 73, 28027 Madrid, Spain, 2002. 18p. Also in: Boletín Oficial del Estado, No.148, 21 June 2001.
http://www.fiecov.es/Fiecov/Externo.asp?item=Egeria\WebPublisher\Archivos\seguridad.PDF [in Spanish]
Occupational safety and health management systems - Practical ILO guidelines
Sistemas de gestão da segurança e saúde no trabalho - Directrizes práticas da OIT [in Portuguese]
This publication is a Portuguese translation of the ILO guide entitled "Guidelines on occupational safety and health management systems" (see CIS 02-162). It characterizes the national frameworks for occupational safety and health management systems as well as the main constituents of such a system, which include: policies, organization, planning and implementation, evaluation and actions aimed at improvement. These elements are then subdivided into 16 elements which form the basis of continuous improvement efforts and which ensure the protection and well-being of workers. The most important elements include training, workers' participation, responsibilities and duties of employers, documentation of the system, prevention of hazards and audits.
Instituto de Desenvolvimento e Inspecção das Condições de Trabalho (IDICT), Lisboa, Portugal, Apr. 2002. 55p. Illus. 37 ref. Price: EUR 1.25.
Health and Safety Executive
Revitalising health and safety in construction - Discussion document
Considerable progress has been made in improving occupational safety and health, and this trend must be pursued. This document was published for use as a discussion paper concerning the construction sector. It provides an overview of the current situation, of the changes that need to be implemented and of the approaches to be followed to implement these changes. Readers are invited to discuss these issues with their friends and colleagues, and to submit their suggestions and comments. A response form is included for that purpose.
HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 2WA, United Kingdom, 2002. vi, 54p. Illus.
http://www.hse.gov.uk/consult/disdocs/dde20.pdf [in English]
A safety statement pack - An occupational health and safety guideline
Presented as a compilation of checklists and forms for preparing safety policy statements, the aim of this publication is to assist employers devise and implement a safety policy in compliance with statutory requirements. It also aims to reinforce the collaboration between employers and employees on matters related to safety, health and welfare. Contents; enterprise approach to ensure safety; identification of hazards; instruction and training; personal protective equipment; consultation; resources and equipment for hazard identification; electrical safety; health risks; safety facilities; welfare facilities; fire and emergency plans; first aid; cooperation of employees; role of safety committees; director's annual report on safety and health; safety audit.
Mauritius Employer's Federation, Mauritius, June 2002. 63p.
Landrigan P.J., Spadafora R., Lippy B.E., Thurston G.D., Chen L.C., Levin S., Herbert R., Skloot G., Szeinuk J., Teirstein A., Fischler D., Milek D., Piligian G., Wilk-Rivard E., Moline J., Malievskaya E., Rosenberg N., Morkowitz S., Clark P., Clark N., Kotelchuck D., Lioy P.J., Shufro J., Gochfeld M.
Lessons learned: Worker health and safety since September 11, 2001
Brief reports presented at the annual meeting of the New York/New Jersey Occupational Safety and Health Educational Research Center (UOSHERR) held on 5 April 2002 on occupational safety and health issues in light of experiences gained following the terrorist attack on the World Trade Center in New York City on 11 September, 2001. Contents: fire fighter safety and health; safety and health of heavy equipment operators; risk communication; health effects; assessing the health of immigrant workers; response of the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA); joint labour-management safety and health model; fire and emergency safety issues; perspective on the tragedy; lessons learned on environmental, occupational and residential exposures.
American Journal of Industrial Medicine, Dec 2002, Vol.42, No.6, p.529-565. Illus. Bibl.ref.
General strategy for the management of occupational hazards - Example of workplace thermal environments
Stratégie générale de gestion des risques professionnels - Illustration dans le cas des ambiances thermiques au travail [in French]
This article describes a four-level prevention approach adapted to workplace situations in both small and large enterprises that enables the coordination of collaboration among employees, managers, occupational physicians and safety specialists, resulting in more effective preventive action that is quicker and cheaper to implement. After an overview of the terminology, the article describes the four levels: "screening", where the risk factors are detected and straightforward solutions are applied; "observation", where the study of remaining problems is broadened in scope and where the causes and solutions are discussed in greater detail; "analysis", where the company calls in a prevention specialist whenever necessary to carry out measurements and develop particular solutions; finally, "appraisal", in the rare cases when an expert is essential for studying and solving specific problems. An example of the application of this approach to workplace thermal environments is presented in an appendix. See also CIS 02-1673, where the same approach has been applied to the prevention of musculoskeletal disorders.
Cahiers de notes documentaires - Hygiène et sécurité du travail, 1st Quarter 2002, No.186, p.39-46. Illus. 14 ref.
Serious accidents: Complex management
Accident grave: une gestion délicate [in French]
In 1999 in France, there were 717 occupational fatalities and more than 45,000 occupational accidents resulting in permanent invalidity. This special feature on serious accidents is aimed at all persons who may be faced with managing an emergency caused by an accident. Contents: role of occupational physicians, first-aid workers, workers' representatives and delegates of the French organization for occupational safety and health in the construction industry (Organisme professionnel de prévention du bâtiment et des travaux publics - OPPBTP); file to be compiled by employers following serious occupational accidents; sharing of the costs of occupational accidents and diseases; legal responsibilities of employers; case where the victims are temporary workers; rules to follow in the event of a serious accident.
Prévention BTP, Feb. 2002, No.38, p.49-57. Illus.
Albracht G., Baumert P.
Proceedings of the European Conference on Health and Safety in the Automobile Industry
Proceedings of a conference on occupational safety and health in the automobile industry held in Kassel, Germany, 7-8 March 2002. Participants included representatives from the automobile industry, trade unions, government and occupational safety and health institutions. Main topics covered during the workshop sessions: integration of safety and health in modern occupational safety and health management systems; participation of enterprise councils in corporate health and safety activity; hazards in end-of-life vehicle processing.
Hessisches Sozialministerium, Dostojewskistr. 4, 65187 Wiesbaden, Germany, 2002. 71p. Illus.
Perriard J., Weissbrodt R.
Violence at work
La violence au travail [in French]
Violence is an emerging topic of concern in the area of occupational safety and health. This booklet proposes several leads for exploring the issue of violence, analysing the situation and implementing appropriate actions involving the cooperation of management and employees. Contents: introduction; definitions of external violence; hazardous situations; sociological framework for analysing acts of violence; consequences of violence; prevention of violence at the workplace.
Département de l'économie, de l'emploi et des affaires extérieures, Office cantonal de l'inspection des relations du travail, 23, rue Ferdinand-Hodler, Case postale 3974, 1211 Genève 3, Switzerland, 2002. 45p. Illus. 20 ref. Price: CHF 16.00.
Janer G., Sala M., Kogevinas M.
Health promotion trials at worksites and risk factors for cancer
45 worksite health promotion programmes following specific quality criteria were selected and estimated for behavioural changes in cancer risk factors and the effectiveness of different intervention components. Tobacco control programmes found quit rates of about 5% with relapse rates of 40% to 80% at 6 months after the intervention. Effectiveness increased with the duration of the intervention for at least 6 months, repeated contacts with the participants, continuous support and tailored messages. There was less evidence for the long-term effectiveness of incentives. Programmes on diet, alcohol, physical activity, overweight and solar radiation showed the same positive trends. The overall evidence indicates a modest but positive effect of health promotion programmes at worksites.
Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment and Health, June 2002, Vol.28, No.3, p.141-157. Illus. 76 ref.
Goetzel R.Z., Ozminkowski R.J., Bruno J.A., Rutter K.R., Isaac F., Wang S.
The long-term impact of Johnson & Johnson's health and wellness program on employee health risks
This study reports the effectiveness of Johnson & Johnson's "Health & Wellness" programme in reducing the health risks of 4586 employees who participated in two serial health screening programmes, with a minimum of one year between screenings. The study also examines the impact of participation in a high-risk intervention programme called "Pathways to Change®" on health risk factors. Results indicate significant risk reduction in 8 of 13 risk categories examined for all employees who participated in two health risk assessments. When comparing "Pathways to Change" participants with non-participants, participants outperformed their non-participant counterparts in six categories but performed worse in five other categories that were not specifically targeted by the high-risk programme. The study underscores the ability of large-scale and well-attended corporate health and productivity management programmes to have a positive effect on the health and well-being of workers.
Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, May 2002, Vol.44, No.5, p.417-424. 14 ref.
Work improvement and occupational safety and health management systems: Common features and research needs
This review article discusses the experiences of various Asian countries with respect to the implementation of occupational safety and health management systems. Examples are provided from recent work improvement projects dealing with technology transfer, small workplaces and rural areas. These experiences clearly show that locally adjusted procedures for risk assessment and control must be developed. Research is needed to find effective ways of encouraging voluntary control at the workplace, practical methods for local risk assessment and the types of participatory steps leading to continual improvements in the local context.
Industrial Health, Apr. 2002, Vol.40, No.2, p.121-133. Illus. 50 ref.
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