Workers' participation - 722 entries found
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Heras Cobo C.
Occupational safety and health management
Dirección y gestión preventiva [in Spanish]
Published by the Autonomous Community of Aragon, the aim of this publication is to increase the level of awareness of occupational safety and health management among heads of enterprises so as to improve working conditions and lower the rate of accidents.
Gobierno de Aragón, Departamento de Economía, Hacienda y Empleo, Plaza los Sitios 7, 50001 Zaragoza, Spain, 2004. 34p.
http://portal.aragob.es/pls/portal30/docs/FOLDER/ISSLA/PUBLICACIONES/OTRAS/DIRECCION+Y+GESTION+PREVENTIVA.PDF [in Spanish]
Guidelines for preventing workplace violence for health care and social service workers
For many years, health care and social service workers have faced a significant risk of job-related violence. Assaults represent a serious safety and health hazard within these sectors of activity. The OSHA's violence prevention guidelines provide recommendations for controlling workplace violence, developed following a careful review of workplace violence studies, public and private violence prevention programs and input from stakeholders. This booklet provides an overview of the OSHA guidelines and presents the key elements of a violence prevention programme (management commitment and employee involvement, worksite analysis, hazard prevention and control, safety and health training, recordkeeping and programme evaluation), together with programmes and services proposed by OSHA.
Occupational Safety and Health Administration, 200 Constitution Avenue NW, Washington, DC 20210, USA, 2004. 44p. Illus. 40 ref.
http://www.osha.gov/Publications/osha3148.pdf [in English]
Ergonomics for the prevention of musculoskeletal disorders - Guidelines for poultry processing
These guidelines provide recommendations for poultry processing facilities to reduce the number and severity of work-related musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs). They include examples of practical ergonomic solutions. The heart of these guidelines is the description of various solutions that have been successfully implemented by poultry processors. Topics addressed: description of the ergonomic process; providing management support; involving employees; providing training; implementing solutions; evaluating ergonomic efforts; workstation design and layout; hand tools; ergonomics of manual handling; personal protective equipment; programmes and services proposed by OSHA.
Occupational Safety and Health Administration, 200 Constitution Avenue NW, Washington, DC 20210, USA, 2004. 23p. Illus. 13 ref.
http://www.osha.gov/ergonomics/guidelines/poultryprocessing/poultryall-in-one.pdf [in English]
The CHSCT: Legal aspects
Le CHSCT: données réglementaires [in French]
This web-based document consists of a review of regulatory aspects pertaining to the committee for hygiene, safety and working conditions (Comité d'hygiène, de sécurité et des conditions de travail - CHSCT), a French institution which represents the interests of employees of an enterprise and which is invested with voting powers for all issues related to health, safety and the quality of working life. Topics addressed: conditions for its creation; composition; functioning; role and missions; resources available for information and expertise; interventions in the event of serious and imminent danger.
Institut national de recherche et de sécurité, 30 rue Olivier-Noyer, 75680 Paris Cedex 14, France, 2004. Internet document (HTML Format).
http://www.inrs.fr/dossiers/ChsctReglementation.html [in French]
The MSD issue
Le phénomène des TMS [in French]
Newsletter of the French National Occupational Safety and Health Institute (INRS) exploring the issue of musculoskeletal diseases (MSDs), which are on the increase in France. Topics addressed: viewpoint of a physician on the causes of MSDs and possible actions for creating awareness at the national level; role of the INRS in the prevention of MSDs; importance of taking into account changes in working conditions and work organization when developing preventive measures; approach for the prevention of MSDs initiated at the national level by the fisheries sector in France; MSDs in the United Kingdom (number of cases, preventive measures, compensation); generating awareness among workers and workers' training.
Réalité Prévention, May 2004, No.4, p.1-8 (whole issue). Illus.
http://www.inrs.fr/inrs-pub/inrs01.nsf/IntranetObject-accesParReference/Page%20Editoriale%20Presse%20Realite%20Prevention/$File/print.html [in French]
Healthy workplace strategies: Creating change and achieving results
This report was prepared for the Workplace Health Strategies Bureau, Health Canada. It explores how healthy jobs and workplaces benefit workers and employers, customers and shareholders, citizens and society. It focuses on how organizational change processes, strategies and tactics can bring about healthier and more productive working conditions and presents an action model as a tool for achieving healthy organizations. The model highlights the importance of establishing enabling conditions in order to make the organization more change-ready, then designing a process that engages all stakeholders in actively shaping a healthy workplace.
Internet document, Jan. 2004. 33p. Illus. 45 ref.
http://www.cprn.com/documents/26838_en.pdf [in English]
http://www.grahamlowe.ca/documents/93/Hlthy%20Wkpl%20strategies-French%20report.pdf [in French]
Prevention of occupational hazards: From the single evaluation document to the enterprise plan
La prévention des risques professionnels: du document unique d'évaluation au projet d'établissement [in French]
Since 1991, French employers are required by law to carry out occupational hazard evaluations. Following the further requirement in 2001 for the "single document", the use of hazard evaluations should enable improvements in occupational safety and health. This information sheet explains in broad terms how the single document can be used as an occupational safety and health tool. Contents: definition of occupational hazards; new French regulatory context; main elements of the hazard evaluation and prevention approach.
Agence Nationale pour l'Amélioration des Conditions de Travail, 4, quai des Etroits, 69321 Lyon Cedex 05, France, Dec. 2004. 6p. Illus.
http://www.anact.fr/pls/portal/docs/1/14531.PDF [in French]
An introduction to comprehensive workplace health promotion
This guide provides an overview of comprehensive workplace health promotion, examines steps for helping workplaces take effective action, sets out practical ideas and strategies and outlines available resources. Includes data to show how healthy and productive workplaces are conducive to the health of individuals, businesses and society as a whole.
The Health Communication Unit at the Centre for Health Promotion, University of Toronto, 100 College Street, Room 213, The Banting Institute, Toronto, Ontario M5G 1L5, Canada, July 2004. 40p. Illus. 32 ref.
http://www.thcu.ca/workplace/documents/intro_to_workplace_health_promotion_v1.1.FINAL.pdf [in English]
A healthy workplace works for everyone! - A guide for building a workplace wellness program
This guide, designed to be used by both large and small businesses, offers a user-friendly and flexible framework to address wellness issues within the workplace. Guidance is given on each stage of the programme: obtaining organizational commitment; identification of strengths and challenges within the organization; communication of the plan: creation of a wellness committee; assessment of employee needs; development of the programme plan; follow-up and evaluation.
The Grey Bruce Health Unit, 920 1st Avenue West, Owen Sound, Ontario N4K 4K5, Canada, [ca 2004]. Internet document. 76p. Illus. 23 ref.
http://www.publichealthgreybruce.on.ca/WorkplaceWellness/WorkplaceWellnessGuide.pdf [in English]
Practical guide aimed at workplace safety and health committees
Guide pratique pour le comité pour la prévention et la protection au travail [Belgique] [in French]
This booklet examines the Belgian Royal Order of 3 May 1999 on the objectives and functioning of workplace safety and health committees (see CIS 00-8). It provides an overview of their creation, composition, mission, operation and internal rules, as well as of the status of the employees' representatives and the procedures governing disputes, inspections and penalties. Appendices include the full text of the Order together with the information that needs to be presented in the monthly and annual reports of the internal workplace safety and health service.
Cellule publications, Service public fédéral Emploi, Travail et Concertation sociale, rue Belliard 51, 1040 Bruxelles, Belgium, 2004. 63p. 74 ref.
http://meta.fgov.be/pdf/pd/frde05.pdf [in French]
Wingen S., Hohmann T., Bensch U., Plum W.
Bundesanstalt für Arbeitsschutz und Arbeitsmedizin
Work schedules based on trust - New development of social working time structures
Vertrauensarbeitszeit - Neue Entwicklung gesellschaftlicher Arbeitszeitstrukturen [in German]
This report discusses the concept of "work schedules based on trust", according to which working hours are neither fixed nor controlled, with the employee being given objectives to fulfil and freedom of action and decision. It defines the scope of the concept, examines its degree of adoption and how it has been implemented in enterprises, and analyses practical experiences, with emphasis on the effects on employees' health. A reference model has been developed which provides criteria and design requirements for the successful introduction of a trust-based work schedule system that improves productivity while taking into account the capacities and needs of the workers. Checklists aimed at facilitating the adoption of such a system within the enterprise are included.
Wirtschaftsverlag NW, Postfach 10 11 10, 27511 Bremerhaven, Germany, 2004. 270p. Illus. 163 ref. Price: EUR 21.00.
Sundin A., Christmansson M., Larsson M.
A different perspective in participatory ergonomics in product development improves assembly work in the automotive industry
This paper describes a product development process in a bus manufacturing company. A participatory ergonomics approach was used that gathered a group of designers and production engineers from different plants, including also ergonomics researchers. The group used different methods to improve chassis design with respect to the productivity and ergonomics of the assembly process. Besides analyses of running chassis production, simulations were made by experienced workers using prototypes of the new chassis and were complemented with computer mannequin analyses. The participatory ergonomics approach used resulted in new chassis designs that improved the efficiency and ergonomics of the assembly operations.
International Journal of Industrial Ergonomics, Jan. 2004, Vol.33, No.1, p.1-14. Illus. 24 ref.
Building in safety - Prevention of risks in construction - In practice
Within the EU, there is a growing recognition that standards of occupational safety and health in construction have to be improved. Each year, in the EU-15 Member States, approximately 1300 workers are mortally wounded, a further 800,000 are injured and many more suffer ill health. The 12 examples of good practice in the prevention of occupational hazards in construction work presented in this publication are all award winners or commended entries in a European competition, run as part of the European Week for Safety and Health at Work 2004. The examples come from 12 EU Member States and provide solutions to a range of different problems in the construction industry. In the cases presented, risks are tackled through improved standards of occupational safety and health, technical solutions and organisational measures such as monitoring and involving employees. See also CIS 05-128.
European Agency for Safety and Health at Work, Gran Vía 33, 48009 Bilbao, Spain, 2004. 63p. Illus.
http://agency.osha.eu.int/publications/reports/108/en/GP_Booklet_2004_WEB.pdf [in English]
San Juan C.
Workers' participation in the area of occupational safety and health in Argentina
Participación de los trabajadores en materia de salud y seguridad en el trabajo en Argentina [in Spanish]
This report provides a comparative analysis of international and Argentine legislation with respect to workers' participation in occupational safety and health. It cites the various instruments that exist for this purpose in Argentina, as well as ILO Conventions and Recommendations. It also presents the experiences of several Argentine enterprises or labour unions in the area of workers' participation and proposes that a standard defining the conditions of participation be written. Reference documents required for the preparation of such a standard are included.
ILO Publications, International Labour Office, 1211 Genève 22, Switzerland, 2004. 100p. 11 ref.
http://www.ilo.org/public/spanish/region/ampro/buenosaires/info/dt187.pdf [in Spanish]
Hot working conditions
Travail à la chaleur [in French]
This article presents the basic principles of work in hot environments, as well as the relevant European regulations and the indices which enable the prediction of thermal comfort and stress. Rather than attempting to systematically quantify the conditions of work in hot environments, it recommends following a general strategy of managing the thermal environment at the place of work with the involvement of workers, supervisory staff and occupational hygiene specialists. The four phases of this approach are outlined, together with the main prevention principles. Finally, the health hazards and their means of prevention through the selection, training, acclimatization and supervision of exposed persons are addressed.
Encyclopédie médico-chirurgicale, Toxicologie-Pathologie professionnelle, 3rd Quarter 2004, No.144, 14p. 31 ref.
Aragón Bombín R.
Guide for safety representatives - Reform of the legislative framework (Volumes I and II)
Guía para delegados y delegadas de prevención - La reforma del marco normativo (Tomos I y II) [in Spanish]
This two-volume guide to the reform of Spanish law on the prevention of occupational hazards aims to inform safety representatives on the new legislative framework and its implementation as well as on their rights. Volume I is divided into three parts: reasons for the reform of the law; various aspects of the reform; forms of worker participation. Volume II reproduces in part or in full various laws and regulations (Status of workers; Act on the prevention of occupational hazards (CIS 01-601); Regulation on safety and health services (CIS 01-608); Royal Decree on the coordination of activities of enterprises; Law on social order breaches and sanctions; Law on the organization of labour inspection and social security; general Law on social security).
Comisión Executiva Confederal de UGT, Hortaleza 88, 28004 Madrid, Spain. 2004. 146p. Illus. (Vol. I); 150p. (Vol. II).
Basic guide to trade union action with respect to the environment
Guía básica de acción sindical en medio ambiente [in Spanish]
This guide provides a tool for encouraging workers to make use of their trade union rights in improving their working environment. It describes in a concise form the environmental impacts from processes in the following sectors: metals, construction and related sectors; manufacturing industries; food industry; transport, communications and seafaring activities; commerce, hotels, tourism and sports; services; public services; education. It also explains environmental management systems and their advantages and specifies the various steps involved in implementing the European environmental management and audit system (EMAS). Appendices include work environment legislation, a list of enterprises having obtained EMAS certification and examples of clauses concerning ambient working conditions drawn from various contracts or agreements.
Comisión Ejecutiva Confederal de UGT, Hortaleza 88, 28004 Madrid, Spain, 2004. 142p. Illus. 12 ref.
Roy M., Bergeron S., Fortier L.
Development of occupational health and safety performance measuring instruments intended for manufacturing companies organized into semi-autonomous work teams
Développement d'instruments de mesure de performance en santé et sécurité du travail à l'intention des entreprises manufacturières organisées en équipes semi-autonomes de travail [in French]
This study proposes a new approach for measuring occupational safety and health (OSH) performance that allows organizations to act before events occur and to highlight hazardous processes, systems and behaviours. It presents a classification of the types of measuring tools used in OHS (reactive and proactive measurements), as well as the categories of factors measured. The preliminary version of a self-evaluation questionnaire based on the predictive values to be later validated in a field study is also presented. The proposed approach and the future tool will allow companies, regardless of their means of organization, to enhance their OHS management guidelines while acquiring an occupational safety and health learning culture that favours and promotes the identification of potentially hazardous situations.
Institut de recherche en santé et en sécurité du travail du Québec (IRSST), 505 boul. de Maisonneuve Ouest, Montreal (Quebec) H3A 3C2, Canada, 2004. vii, 46p. Illus. 81 ref. Price: CAD 6.42.
http://www.irsst.qc.ca/files/documents/PubIRSST/R-357.pdf [in French]
Management of noise in construction
Boj proti hluku ve stavebnictví [in Czech]
Hantering av buller vid byggnadsarbete [in Swedish]
Lärmmanagement im Bausektor [in German]
Meíōsē (éleghos) tou thorúbou ston kládo tōn kataskeuṓn [in Greek]
La gestión del ruido en el sector de la construcción [in Spanish]
Müra vähendamine ehitustöödel [in Estonian]
Melun hallinta rakennustoiminnassa [in Finnish]
La gestion du bruit dans la construction [in French]
Zajszabályozás az építőiparban [in Hungarian]
Gestione del rumore nell'edilizia [in Italian]
Triukšmo statyboje reguliavimas [in Lithuanian]
Trokšņa ierobežošana būvniecībā [in Latvian]
L-immaniġġjar ta'l-istorbju fil-kostruzzjoni [in Maltese]
Lawaai in de bouwsector [in Dutch]
Kontrola hałasu w budownictwie [in Polish]
Gestão do ruído no sector da construção [in Portuguese]
Riadenie hluku pri stavebnej činnosti [in Slovak]
Obvladovanje hrupa v gradbeništvu [in Slovenian]
Håndtering af støj i bygge- og anlægssektoren [in Danish]
Exposure to loud noise at work can cause irreversible hearing damage, workplace accidents and be a contributing factor to other health problems. This fact sheet provides an introduction to the management of noise in construction both before and during work on a site. Contents: noise in construction; managing noise before and during work on the site; assessment; collective control measures; personal hearing protection; training; health surveillance and monitoring.
European Agency for Safety and Health at Work, http://osha.eu.int, 2004. 2p. Illus. 5 ref.
http://agency.osha.eu.int/publications/factsheets/50/en/FACT50-EN.PDF [in English]
http://agency.osha.eu.int/publications/factsheets/50/cs/FACT50-CS.PDF [in Czech]
http://agency.osha.eu.int/publications/factsheets/50/da/FACT50-DA.PDF [in Danish]
http://agency.osha.eu.int/publications/factsheets/50/de/FACT50-DE.PDF [in German]
http://agency.osha.eu.int/publications/factsheets/50/et/FACT50-ET.PDF [in Estonian]
http://agency.osha.eu.int/publications/factsheets/50/el/FACT50-EL.PDF [in Greek]
http://agency.osha.eu.int/publications/factsheets/50/it/FACT50-IT.PDF [in Italian]
http://agency.osha.eu.int/publications/factsheets/50/lv/FACT50-LV.PDF [in Latvian]
http://agency.osha.eu.int/publications/factsheets/50/hu/FACT50-HU.PDF [in Hungarian]
http://agency.osha.eu.int/publications/factsheets/50/lt/FACT50-LT.pdf [in Lithuanian]
http://agency.osha.eu.int/publications/factsheets/50/mt/FACT50-MT.PDF [in Maltese]
http://agency.osha.eu.int/publications/factsheets/50/nl/FACT50-NL.PDF [in Dutch]
http://agency.osha.eu.int/publications/factsheets/50/pl/FACT50-PL.PDF [in Polish]
http://agency.osha.eu.int/publications/factsheets/50/pt/FACT50-PT.PDF [in Portuguese]
http://agency.osha.eu.int/publications/factsheets/50/sk/FACT50-SK.PDF [in Slovak]
http://agency.osha.eu.int/publications/factsheets/50/sl/FACT50-SL.PDF [in Slovenian]
http://agency.osha.eu.int/publications/factsheets/50/fi/FACT50-FI.PDF [in Finnish]
http://agency.osha.eu.int/publications/factsheets/50/sv/FACT50-SV.PDF [in Swedish]
http://agency.osha.eu.int/publications/factsheets/50/fr/FACT50-FR.PDF [in French]
http://agency.osha.eu.int/publications/factsheets/50/es/FACT50-ES.PDF [in Spanish]
Reetoo K.N., Macdonald E.B., Harrington J.M.
Health and Safety Executive
Competencies of occupational physicians - The customer's perspective
The objective of this study was to establish the priorities of United Kingdom employers, employees and their representatives regarding the competencies required from occupational physicians. It involved a Delphi survey of employers and employees from public and enterprises of various size, safety and health specialists and trade union representatives. It was conducted by a combination of telephone interviews and postal questionnaires. A series of workshops was also organized. There was a broad consensus concerning the competencies of occupational physicians which are considered important but the priorities of employers and employees were different from those of the physicians. By order of decreasing importance, these priorities consisted of: law and ethics; occupational hazards; disability and fitness for work; communication; environmental exposures; research methods; health promotion and management.
HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 2WA, United Kingdom, 2004. viii, 74p. Illus. 36 ref. Price: GBP 25.00. Downloadable version free of charge.
http://www.hse.gov.uk/research/rrpdf/rr247.pdf [in English]
Stephens P., Hickling N., Gaskell L., Burton M., Holland D.
Health and Safety Executive
Occupational health and SMEs: Focused intervention strategies
The study reviews the psychological models of behaviour change, organizational and social characteristics of SMEs and the potential for incentives to achieve change. The role of the manager was found to be particularly important. Additionally, direct influence on the workforce should be attempted to create an upward pressure for change. To increase the likelihood of the desired change succeeding, an effective approach should include a number of complementary interventions, where each intervention compensates for the shortcomings of others. This study includes the development of an approach aimed at helping assess a proposed intervention strategy and ensuring that effective use is made of complementary interventions.
HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 2WA, United Kingdom, 2004. viii, 34p. Illus. 115 ref. + ii, 115p. Illus. Price: GBP 20.00. Downloadable version free of charge.
http://www.hse.gov.uk/research/rrpdf/rr257.pdf [in English]
Tuberculosis - Guidelines for workplace control activities
Tuberculosis (TB) is one of the world's leading causes of illness and death. Two million persons die of TB each year. The AIDS epidemic has fuelled the increase in TB, as persons with weakened immune systems due to HIV are particularly vulnerable to TB. This leaflet presents the broad outline of a workplace policy and programme on TB prevention proposed by the ILO and that may be implemented at the place of work. It is based on the following principles: recognition of TB as a workplace issue; non-discrimination; confidentiality; healthy work environment; care and support; social dialogue. A cost-effective TB management programme undertaken by a South African mining company is summarized in a box.
ILO Publications, International Labour Office, 1211 Genève 22, Switzerland, [c2004]. 4p. Illus. 8 ref.
http://www.stoptb.org/material/ilo_brochure.pdf [in English]
Vecchio-Sadus A.M., Griffiths S.
Marketing strategies for enhancing safety culture
Promotional and marketing strategies can be effective tools for raising and maintaining the profile of occupational health and safety (OHS) within an organization. It is important to maximize the impact of health and safety promotions, and to ensure a consistent, desired message is conveyed. When developing OHS promotional campaigns, consideration should be given to identifying the target audience and the objective of the campaign. The aim is to keep employees focused in a positive and proactive way. Effective communication brings together people, processes, and systems. The challenge is to promote health and safety throughout all levels of the organization, and to find effective strategies such as published materials, displays, media, training and the Internet, to gain management commitment and employee involvement in the decision-making and problem-solving processes which are essential for achieving a positive safety culture. The benefits can go well beyond lowering the lost time injury rate, and can include economic and social gains.
Safety Science, Aug. 2004, Vol.42, No.7, p.601-619. 21 ref.
Morris W., Wilson J., Koukoulaki T.
Developing a participatory approach to the design of work equipment - Assimilating lessons from workers' experience
Pour une approche participative de conception des équipements de travail - Intégrer l'expérience des travailleurs [in French]
This publication presents the findings of research aimed at promoting participatory approaches to equipment design. It highlights the lessons that can be drawn, not only by standards bodies, but also by European public authorities responsible for framing design rules and policing the market of the work equipment. An analysis of 38 case studies collected in seven European Union countries illustrates the wide knowledge base that end users possess on the work processes and equipment they are involved with. Workers and trade unions must actively participate in systematically collecting information at the workplace, and in transferring and giving legitimacy to their knowledge in arenas outside the workplace.
European Trade Union Technical Bureau for Health and Safety (TUTB), 5 Bd du Roi Albert II, 1210 Brussels, Belgium, 2004. 174p. Illus. 25 ref. Price: EUR 20.00.
Workplace violence in services sectors and measures to combat this phenomenon
Violence au travail dans le secteur des services et moyens de combattre le phénomène [in French]
La violencia en el trabajo en el sector de servicios y medidas para combatir este fenómeno [in Spanish]
Violence at work is a threat to productivity and decent work. This ILO code of practice responds to the needs of millions of workers affected by violence in the service sector in industrialized and developing countries. It provides general guidance to develop practical responses to violence at work, to promote dialogue, consultation and negotiation among governments, employers and workers, and to draft national laws, policies and programmes of action.
ILO Publications, International Labour Office, 1211 Genève 22, Switzerland, 2004. xv, 30p. Price: CHF 20.00; USD 14.95; GBP 8.95; EUR 15.00.
How to evaluate safety and health changes in the workplace - Does it really work?
This guide is aimed at managers interested in ensuring safety and health of workers. It invites them to look carefully at the effectiveness of the changes they have made to improve safety and health at the workplace. The guide is divided into three sections: presentation of four case studies that illustrate the collaborative effort of employers and workers for evaluating occupational safety and health changes in the workplace; four simple steps outlining how to conduct an evaluation of safety and health changes in the workplace; a list of additional resources for making these evaluations.
Publications Dissemination, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH), 4676 Columbia Parkway, Cincinnati, OH 45226-2002, USA, Apr. 2004. v, 27p. Illus. 6 ref.
http://www.cdc.gov/niosh/docs/2004-135/downloads/2004-135.pdf [in English]
WISE - Work improvement in small enterprises: Package for trainers
The WISE (work improvement in small enterprises) project was undertaken in the Philippines and completed in 1997. Since then, WISE training courses have been carried out in various Asian countries. This document is a manual aimed at trainers. It defines the eight training steps of the WISE programme and proposes training materials (check-lists, suggested transparency sheets, examples of low-cost improvements, potential questions and answers and an action plan form).
ILO Publications, International Labour Office, 1211 Genève 22, Switzerland, Mar. 2004. 236p. Illus.
Pujol Senovilla L., Maroto Gómez V.
Indicators for evaluating the intangibles of occupational safety and health
Indicadores para la valoración de intangibles en prevención [in Spanish]
This information note presents a simplified approach for evaluating the intangible assets of an enterprise that result from the improvement of working conditions and the implementation of preventive measures, based on the analysis of various indicators. Contents: advantages of hazard prevention at the enterprise; values of tangible and intangible assets; cost-benefit analysis of the prevention and methods of evaluating intangible assets (benchmarking, EFQM, SPRL); definition of indicators that may be used as a basis for the analysis.
Instituto Nacional de Seguridad e Higiene en el Trabajo, Ediciones y Publicaciones, c/Torrelaguna 73, 28027 Madrid, Spain, 2004. 6p. Illus. 8 ref.
http://internet.mtas.es/Insht/ntp/ntp_640.htm [in Spanish]
Advice aimed at facilitating the integration of occupational safety and health in the general management system of the enterprise
Orientaciones para facilitar la integración de los riesgos laborales en el sistema general de gestión de la empresa [in Spanish]
This document was prepared following a social dialogue on the prevention of occupational hazards initiated in Spain during 2002, which highlighted the need to improve the taking into account of hazard prevention in the management systems of enterprises. It is aimed at helping enterprise managers and all persons concerned in developing awareness of the crucial nature of integration in determining the efficiency of preventive actions and in identifying the elements or the areas where such integration should be considered as a priority within the enterprise. Contents: objectives; current model of hazard prevention; integration of prevention and role of occupational safety and health services; various elements to be considered for the integration of preventive measures (enterprise management, change management, maintenance, overhauls and checks of potentially-dangerous installations and equipment, implementation and supervision of potentially-dangerous tasks); final considerations.
Instituto Nacional de Seguridad e Higiene en el Trabajo, c/Torrelaguna 73, 28027 Madrid, Spain, 2004. 18p. Price: EUR 3.44.
http://www.mtas.es/insht/practice/c_integracion.htm [in Spanish]
Ergonomics for the prevention of musculoskeletal disorders - Guidelines for nursing homes
A major component of OSHA's approach to ergonomics is the development of industry-specific and task-specific guidelines to reduce and prevent workplace musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs). These voluntary guidelines for nursing homes are tools to assist employers in recognizing and controlling ergonomics-related risk factors. It is recommended that the manual lifting of residents be minimized in all cases and eliminated when feasible, and that employers implement an effective ergonomics process that provides management support, involves employees, identifies problems, implements solutions, addresses reports of injuries, provides training and evaluates the programme.
Publications U.S. Department of Labor, Occupational Safety and Health Administration, 200 Constitution Avenue, Washington, D.C. 20210, USA, Mar. 2003. 37p. Illus. 10 ref.
http://www.osha.gov/ergonomics/guidelines/nursinghome/final_nh_guidelines.pdf [in English]
The "T-A-C-T-I-C" of recognition
This paper was presented to a conference on occupational safety and health held in Hong Kong on 20 November 2003. It argues that management should realize that the environment in which the organization operates is subject to continuous change and development. Serious and dedicated management should ensure that occupational safety and health (OSH) is an integral part of enterprise strategy and that good OSH performance among workers is rewarded. A six-step approach (TACTIC) for rewarding safe behaviour is outlined that aims to be Timely, Authentic, Customized, Tension avoided, Internalized and Characterized.
IOSH Hong Kong, W502, Industrial Centre, The Hong Kong Polytechnic University, Hung Hom, Kowloon, Hong Kong, 2003. 12p. 11. ref.
Guidelines on social dialogue in public emergency services in a changing environment
Directives sur le dialogue social des services publics d'urgence dans un environnement en mutation [in French]
Directrices sobre el diálogo social en los servicios públicos de urgencia en un medio en constante evolución [in Spanish]
These guidelines provide advice on how to achieve better public emergency services in a changing environment through social dialogue and the participation of emergency workers and their representatives in improving working conditions. A section on occupational safety and health highlights the need for a proactive OSH policy and preventive measures, focusing on stress management, protection against HIV/AIDS infection and personal protective equipment.
ILO Publications, International Labour Office, 1211 Genève 22, Switzerland, 2003. iv, 13p.
http://www.ilo.org/public/english/dialogue/sector/techmeet/jmpes03/jmpes-8.pdf [in English]
http://www.ilo.org/public/french/dialogue/sector/techmeet/jmpes03/jmpes-8.pdf [in French]
http://www.ilo.org/public/spanish/dialogue/sector/techmeet/jmpes03/jmpes-8.pdf [in Spanish]
Guidelines on occupational safety and health management systems - ILO-OSH 2001
Šromis usaprtxoebis martvis sisṭemebis metoduri mititeba - ILO-OSH 2001 [in Kirghiz]
This publication is a Georgian translation of the ILO-OSH 2001 guidelines (see CIS 02-162). The guidelines present practical approaches and tools for assisting organizations, competent national institutions, employers, workers and other partners in establishing, implementing and improving occupational safety and health management systems, with the aim of reducing work-related injuries, ill health, diseases, incidents and deaths. They provide for the establishment of a national framework for occupational safety and health management systems, the development of voluntary arrangements to strengthen compliance with regulations and standards and the integration of OSH management system elements as an important component of overall policy and management arrangements.
ILO Publications, International Labour Office, 1211 Genève 22, Switzerland, 2003. 27p. Illus. 37 ref.
http://www.ilo.org/public/english/protection/safework/managmnt/download/guide_ge.pdf [in Georgian]
Safer Ports Initiative: Guide to setting up a heath and safety liaison committee
This guidance note provides practical advice on the establishment of health and safety liaison committees in the ports industry. It describes the objectives of the liaison committee, people and organizations involved, the scope of safety and health items to be included in the remit of the committee and good committee practices.
Port Skills and Safety Ltd., Africa House, 64-78 Kingsway, London, WC2B 6AH, United Kingdom, 2003. 4p. 5 ref.
http://www.saferports.org.uk/assets/PSS_Safer_Ports_Initiative_Liaison_Committees.pdf [in English]
Agricultural machinery safety: Regulating the workplace
The challenge of ensuring OHS in the agricultural sector is substantially different from that in manufacturing, construction or many other traditional areas of concern. The problems are exacerbated when it comes to the hazards of farm machinery, where the rate of injury is particularly high. This article identifies the major deficiencies of the existing Australian legislation and standards, and makes recommendations for a best practice regulatory regime, with a focus on duty holders at the workplace and those who may be endangered by their activities. In particular, it argues that substantial improvements might be achieved through the use of a combination of tools (including information, education and incentives) that are underpinned in each case by regulation.
Journal of Occupational Health and Safety - Australia and New Zealand, June 2003, Vol.19, No.3, p.235-244. 15 ref.
Harrisson D., Legendre C.
Technological innovations, organizational change and workplace accident prevention
In a case study involving seven industrial firms, the objective was to generate new postulates about the relationship between the way technological change is managed, the organizational transformations leading to more workers' participation, the introduction of a health and safety programme and the occurrence of occupational accidents and illnesses. Data were obtained from interviews with managers, workers and union representatives, as well as through the analysis of statistics and a detailed list of work injuries. It was found that technological change contributes to improving working conditions, but, at the same time, the intensity of work and the increased workload mitigate the results.
Safety Science, June 2003, Vol.41, No.4, p.319-338. Illus. 36 ref.
Keith M., Brophy J., Kirby P., Rosskam E.
Barefoot research: A workers' manual for organising on work security
Çiplakayaklı araştırma: İş güvenliğini düzenlemek icin işçi el kitabı [in Turkish]
Turkish translation of the manual analyzed under CIS 01-1367. This practical manual was developed to help workers increase their level of control over their own work conditions, including the protection of their health and well-being, and their level of basic security. Contents: purpose of "barefoot research"; research tools (definition of goals, inspections by workers, surveys, small group discussions, mapping, interviews, observation, use and interpretation of information); taking action (using and sharing the results of "barefoot research", agreeing on action with workers, getting things done, gaining a voice).
ILO Publications, International Labour Office, 1211 Genève 22, Switzerland, 2003. 93p. Illus. 105 ref.
http://www.ilo.org/public/english/protection/ses/download/docs/turkeyfoot.pdf [in Turkish]
Anema J.R., Steenstra I.A., Urlings I.J.M., Bongers P.M., de Vroome E.M.M., van Mechelen W.
Participatory ergonomics as a return-to-work intervention: A future challenge?
A participatory ergonomics programme applied to the disability management of workers suffering from low-back pain (LBP) is presented. It involved 35 workers who were absent from work for periods of 2-6 weeks due to LBP. Questionnaires were addressed to the workers, to their occupational physicians, who had received prior training in the programme, and to participating ergonomists. Workers, their supervisors and the ergonomists jointly identified a number of ergonomic solutions to be presented to the employers. Most workers were satisfied with the programme and reported a stimulating effect on return-to-work. Almost half of the proposed solutions were implemented. The main obstacles to implementation were technical or organizational difficulties and physical disabilities of the worker.
American Journal of Industrial Medicine, Sep. 2003, Vol.44, No.3, p.273-281. Illus. 33 ref.
Heikkonen J., Louhevaara V.
Empowerment in farmers' occupational health services
This study attempted to develop farmers' health and farmers' occupational health services (FOHS) by examining the feasibility of empowered farmers' teams on surveys of Finnish dairy farms. FOHS personnel of the health centre in three municipalities selected three farmer teams consisting of three or four couples for the intervention group. There were 31 farms in the intervention group and 33 similar farms in the comparison group. Site surveys in the intervention group involved FOHS personnel together with the farmer teams, while in the comparison group they involved the FOHS personnel alone. Before and after the surveys, each participating farmer couple responded to questionnaires. The initial survey was carried out in 1998-1999, and the follow-up took place in 2000-2001. During the follow-up, the FOHS personnel identified the changes made after the initial surveys on the farms. Altogether 217 changes were made, half of them to improve ergonomics. There were more changes in the work environment in the intervention group.
AAEM - Annals of Agricultural and Environmental Medicine, 2003, Vol.10, No.1, p.45-52. Illus. 28 ref.
http://www.aaem.pl/pdf/10045.pdf [in English]
Role of the officer in charge of safety in a company
Rôle du chargé de sécurité dans l'entreprise [in French]
This booklet outlines the key responsibilities of safety officers within the enterprise: inspection of work premises; maintaining occupational accident disease records; accompanying labour inspectors during visits; receiving suggestions and complaints from workers concerning occupational safety and hygiene; determining the needs for training and information of workers; advising management on the choice of individual and collective protection equipment; submitting proposals to the employer and issuing instructions to workers on occupational safety and hygiene; submit information to the National Social Insurance Fund as and when required.
National Social Insurance Fund, Republic of Cameroon, [c2003]. 8p. Illus.
Eliminating hazardous child labour step by step
Al-qaḍā' (ahlā (amali al-aṭfāli al-ḥatīri ḥuṭwatan ḥuṭwatan [in Arabic]
Elimination des formes dangereuses de travail des enfants étape par étape [in French]
Pasos para eliminar el trabajo infantil peligroso [in Spanish]
This brochure offers practical advice for countries that have ratified the Worst Forms of Child Labour Convention, 1999 (No. 182) on how to eliminate hazardous child labour. A six-step approach is proposed: create a structure; get existing and new information; compile the list of hazardous occupations prohibited to children under 18 years of age; formalize the list; promote and use the list; review the list periodically.
ILO Publications, International Labour Office, 1211 Genève 22, Switzerland, . 8p.
http://http://www.ilo.org/public/english/standards/ipec/publ/download/brochure_stepbystep_2003_en.pdf [in English]
http://www.ilo.org/public/french/standards/ipec/publ/download/brochure_stepbystep_2003_fr.pdf [in French]
http://www.ilo.org/public/spanish/standards/ipec/publ/download/brochure_stepbystep_2003_sp.pdf [in Spanish]
D'Souza M.E., Greenstein J.S.
Listening to users in a manufacturing organization: A context-based approach to the development of a computer-supported collaborative work system
This article presents the findings of a field research effort to develop a computer-supported collaborative work (CSCW) system in a power tool organization and provides an overview of the features of this system. It describes the methodology that was used to capture the workflow and the critical issues that must be addressed by the CSCW system, as well as the evaluation techniques and performance measures that were used to compare the new system with the existing product development system in the organization. It was possible to determine tasks that were feasible and others that were inappropriate for integration into the CSCW system. This methodology also identified issues that hindered the adoption of the CSCW system, permitting strategies for adoption to be proposed to designers of future CSCW systems. Lastly, the development, implementation, and evaluation of a CSCW system in an industrial environment demonstrate its usefulness to other organizations.
International Journal of Industrial Ergonomics, Oct. 2003, Vol.32, No.4, p.251-264. Illus. 24 ref.
Coutarel F., Daniellou F., Dugué B.
Design of a system for the prevention of musculoskeletal diseases: Example of a duck meat cutting factory
Concevoir le système pour prévenir les troubles musculo-squelettiques: l'exemple d'une salle de découpe de canards gras [in French]
An ergonomic improvement programme currently underway at a duck abattoir and meat processing factory aimed at the prevention of musculoskeletal diseases is described. The programme is managed by a steering committee and involves the participation of groups of operators and managers. Tasks include general and systematic job studies, interviews, video recordings, questionnaires and visits to sites having adopted best practices. Results are still provisional, but a number of positive aspects are already observable both in workers' health and in the productivity of the enterprise.
Archives des maladies professionnelles et de médecine du travail, Apr. 2003, Vol.64, No.2, p.89-99. Illus. 28 ref.
Safety posters, a tool for use in the promotion of occupational safety and health
L'affiche de sécurité, un outil au service de la prévention [in French]
The objective of this study was to address the issue of the role of safety posters in the promotion of occupational safety and health. Following some general comments on images and posters, the main stages in the life cycle of posters are discussed, including initial concept, design, evaluation, distribution, use, impact and new expectations. Findings drawn from literature or from interviews with users are competed with observations and analyses. Various types of evaluation tools applicable to safety posters are also mentioned.
Institut national de recherche et de sécurité, 30 rue Olivier-Noyer, 75680 Paris Cedex 14, France, Mar. 2003. 24p. Illus. 32 ref. Price: EUR 2.50.
Occupational hazard control policy - Key principles and good occupational safety and health practices
Politique de maîtrise des risques professionnels - Valeurs essentielles et bonnes pratiques de prévention [in French]
Defining and implementing a hazard control policy requires above all following certain principles and applying good occupational safety and health practices. Contents of this guide aimed at persons involved in implementing occupational safety and health policies: three key principles (the individual, transparency, social dialogue); eight good practices in occupational safety and health.
Institut national de recherche et de sécurité, 30 rue Olivier-Noyer, 75680 Paris Cedex 14, France, 1st ed., Feb. 2003. 12p.
http://www.inrs.fr/INRS-PUB/inrs01.nsf/IntranetObject-accesParReference/ED+902/$File/ed902.pdf [in French]
Development of an effective industrial culture
This article discusses some of the issues and difficulties of implementing an industrial culture in developing countries, with examples drawn from Zimbabwe, a country rich in natural resources but poor in industrial infrastructure.
On Guard, Dec. 2003, Vol.8, No.4, p.3-4, 6, 9-11. Illus.
Vickers I., Baldock R., Smallbone D., James P., Ekanem I.
Health and Safety Executive
Cultural influences on health and safety attitudes and behaviour in small businesses
This report details the findings of a study whose objective was to identify the role of cultural influences on health and safety attitudes and behaviour in small and micro-enterprises, together with related issues concerning channels of communication and the role of the Health and Safety Executive. The main cultural influence on health and safety attitudes and behaviour in small businesses was found to be the organizational culture that typifies many such enterprises, reflecting less formal approaches to management, the preference of owner/managers for autonomy and the closeness of employer/employee relations in small businesses.
HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 2WA, United Kingdom, 2003. xviii, 147p. Illus. 79 ref. Price: GBP 20.00.
http://www.hse.gov.uk/research/rrpdf/rr150.pdf [in English]
Vézina N., Stock S., Simard M., St-Jacques Y., Marchand A., Bilodeau P.P., Boucher M., Zaabat S., Campi A.
Musculoskeletal diseases and modular work organization at a boot manufacturing plant - Phase 2: Study of the implementation of the recommendations
Problèmes musculo-squelettiques et organisation modulaire du travail dans une usine de fabrication de bottes - Phase 2: Etude de l'implantation des recommandations [in French]
An earlier study on musculoskeletal diseases (MSDs) and just-in-time working practices at a boot manufacturing plant had resulted in a series of recommendations for improving working conditions. The purpose of the present study was to review the implementation process for the 78 ergonomic and work organization changes that were selected. Data were collected by means of questionnaires sent out periodically. These data enabled the factors favouring the implementation or otherwise of the recommendations to be identified, and allowed the research team to focus its practical support efforts. This participatory ergonomic intervention resulted in a decrease in MSD symptoms and in improvements in working conditions.
Institut de recherche Robert-Sauvé en santé et en sécurité du travail (IRSST), 505 boul. de Maisonneuve Ouest, Montreal (Quebec) H3A 3C2, Canada, 2003. xi, 196p. Illus. 75 ref. Price: CAD 10.70.
http://www.irsst.qc.ca/files/documents/PubIRSST/R-345.pdf [in French]
Health promotion through learning organizations
Gesundheitsförderung durch Organisationsentwicklung [in German]
Published by the German mutual occupational insurance fund for health care and social services, this booklet explains in broad terms how to implement a programme for improving work organization in hospitals for the purpose of improving workers' health. Contents: concept of "learning organization"; typical structure of a health promotion project; workgroups (health circles and project groups); project steps; problems that may be encountered during the project and their solutions. Check lists for the various project phases are provided in an appendix.
Berufsgenossenschaft für Gesundheitsdienst und Wohlfahrtspflege (BGW), Pappelallee 35-37, 22089 Hamburg, Germany, [c2003]. 40p. Illus. 7 ref.
A review and analysis of a selection of OSH monitoring systems
A pilot study carried out by the European Agency for Safety and Health at Work in 1998-2000 on the state of occupational safety and health in the European Union took a first step towards the development of a system for monitoring occupational safety and health (OSH) within the Union. As a follow-up to this work, the Agency commissioned this study aimed at assessing current OSH monitoring systems in the Member States. The project explored the feasibility of a common European approach in monitoring OSH and formed the basis for workshop discussions on the feasibility of a possible future monitoring system at European level.
European Agency for Safety and Health at Work, Gran Vía 33, 48009 Bilbao, Spain, 2003. 61p. Illus. 24 ref.
http://agency.osha.eu.int/publications/reports/406/en/2003-1180WORKINGPAPERWEB.pdf [in English]
Motamedzade M., Shahnavaz H., Kazemnejad A., Azar A., Karimi H.
The impact of participatory ergonomics on working conditions, quality and productivity
A participatory ergonomics model based on a Supportive Expert Team (SET) was designed for improving working conditions, quality and productivity in a medium-sized manufacturing enterprise. To implement the model, a structure consisting of a Steering Committee (SC) and two Action Groups (AGs) was used and a five-step methodology was adopted. To validate the model, a similar factory was selected as control. Performance of the model was successful throughout the project. AGs under the supervision of the SC and the support of the SET designed and implemented several ergonomics solutions using local resources. The findings showed that when compared to the conditions of the control factory, the application of the model resulted in a more humanized work environment as well as in higher efficiency.
International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics, 2003, Vol.9, No.2, p.135-147. Illus. 18 ref.
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