Workers' participation - 722 entries found
Your search criteria are
Itani T., Tachi N., Kogi K., Hisanaga N., Hirata M., Araki S.
Occupational health in small-scale enterprises and the informal sector
This special issue contains an edited selection of articles on occupational health in small enterprises and the informal sector that were originally presented at an international symposium held in November 2004 in Nagoya, Japan. Articles are grouped under the following headings: strategies for innovative approaches to occupational health action in small enterprises; advances in rapid risk assessment and control; health promotion and healthy work life; effective prevention measures in small workplaces; present situations and activities in occupational health at small workplaces.
Industrial Health, Jan. 2006, Vol.44, No.1, p.1-168. Illus. Bibl.ref.
http://www.h.jniosh.go.jp/en/indu_hel/2006/index.html#no1 [in English]
Samant Y., Parker D., Brosseau L., Pan W., Xi M., Haugan D.
Profile of machine safety in small metal fabrication businesses
This study evaluates the effectiveness of interventions designed to reduce the risk of amputation among workers in small metalworking businesses in the state of Minnesota. Forty businesses participated. Checklists were developed to quantify machine-guarding practices. Up to 25 randomly-selected machines were evaluated in each facility. Overall, only 55% of items addressing machine guarding were present. No single machine complied with all critical safety requirements. Shops with safety committees tended to have better scores than did shops without safety committees. Thirty-five percent of all businesses had established machine guarding procedures and 17% provided training in machine guarding to their employees. These findings indicate that machine guarding and related safety programmes in small metal fabrication businesses are inadequate. They also suggest that safety committees are an important component in improving machine safety and related programmes in small businesses.
American Journal of Industrial Medicine, May 2006, Vol.49, No.5, p.352-359. Illus. 30 ref.
Health and Safety Executive
Improving worker involvement - Improving health and safety
This document is a summary of the Health and Safety Commission's consultative document on improving health and safety through worker involvement. Comments are being invited from businesses, public sector organizations and not-for-profit organizations. Contents: definition of worker involvement; the three pillars of worker involvement (guidance, encouragement, legislation); regulatory impact assessment. Appendices include an invitation to comment and a reply form.
HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 2WA, United Kingdom, Apr. 2006. 20p. Illus.
http://www.hse.gov.uk/consult/condocs/cd207summary.pdf [in English]
Using Kaizen to improve safety and ergonomics
Kaizen is systematic approach and problem-solving tool aimed at quickly implementing low-cost improvements that result in measurable impact. Kaizens are characterized by intense focused activity aimed at resolving a specific problem in a short period of time. This article examines the possibility of using Kaizen approaches for improving ergonomics at the workplace. It cites several examples of successful application of the technique and explains the various steps required for its implementation.
Occupational Hazards, Feb. 2006, Vol.68, No.2, p.27-29. Illus. 4 ref.
Mygind K., Borg V., Flyvholm M.A., Sell L., Frydendall Jepsen K.
A study of the implementation process of an intervention to prevent work-related skin problems in wet-work occupations
The objective of this study was to document the implementation and acceptance of a skin protection programme aimed at reducing work-related skin problems in six gut-cleaning departments in swine slaughterhouses. The intervention included a top-down strategy with establishment of a management system focusing on skin risks and a bottom-up strategy with participation of a selected group of shop floor workers and the safety representative, as well as an empowerment-based educational programme, where representatives from senior management also participated. The outcome of the intervention was evaluated by telephone interviews, self-administered questionnaires, focus group interviews and written reports. A combination of a top-down and a bottom-up implementation method was found to be effective for reducing work-related skin problems and the process of implementation was found to be a significant determinant of the overall outcome.
International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health, Jan. 2006, Vol.79, No.1, p.66-74. Illus. 31 ref.
http://www.springerlink.com/content/q103372323x858l8/fulltext.pdf [in English]
Rouilleault H., Grandjacques B., Alour C., Sarazin B., Ackermann C., Paljkovic G., Dolladille O.
Major hazards and occupational hazards: Uniting against dangers
Risques technologiques et risques professionnels: s'unir face au danger [in French]
Collection of articles on the prevention of major hazards. Topics addressed: major hazard prevention strategies; opinions of several experts on collaborative approaches; approaches adopted by enterprises in the oil and chemical industries, a mechanical engineering workshop and a natural gas utility; main points to consider with respect to the prevention of major hazards; review of a publication on the prevention of major hazards; further reading.
Travail & changement, Sep.-Oct. 2005, No.304, p.1-15 (whole issue). Illus. Bibl.ref.
http://www.actal.aract.fr/RessourcesSite/TC/TC304.pdf [in French]
Weill M., Sarazin B., Alour C., Fauconier D.
Innovative participation: Workers in the forefront
Innovation participative: les salariés en première ligne [in French]
Collection of articles on workers' participation. Topics addressed: how to arouse creativity among employees; points of view of human resource consultants and a trade union representative; approaches adopted by an automobile manufacturer, an urban transport service, a hotel chain and a logistics enterprise; main points to consider with respect to workers' participation; review of a publication on creativity; further reading.
Travail & changement, July-Aug. 2005, No.303, p.1-15 (whole issue). Illus. Bibl.ref.
http://www.actal.aract.fr/RessourcesSite/TC/TC303.pdf [in French]
Rouilleault H., Dumalin F., Alour C., Chevallet R., Sarazin B., Issartelle P., Jouvenot C., Coppi M., Rousset S., Tanniou R., Pelletier J.
Modernizing SMEs with the employees
Moderniser les PME avec les salariés [in French]
Collection of articles on workers' participation in small enterprises. Topics addressed: strategic aspects of SME management; points of view of a consultant, a university professor, a member of the Regional council and of the secretary of the European Trade Union Confederation; approaches adopted by a packaging producer, a group of SMEs in the textile industry and a road transport enterprise; study on the investments made by 95 SMEs in a French region; main points to consider when implementing a plan to modernize the enterprise; further reading.
Travail & changement, Mar.-Apr. 2005, No.301, p.1-15 (whole issue). Illus. Bibl.ref.
http://www.actal.aract.fr/RessourcesSite/TC/TC301.pdf [in French]
Organic law on prevention, working conditions and work environment [Venezuela]
Reformed organic law of 1986 on prevention, conditions and environment of work, published on 26 July 2005 (replaces CIS 87-4). Its aims are to promote the physical, mental and social well-being of workers, to prevent all risks of safety and health impairment due to working conditions, to offer workers work that is both decent and suited to their aptitude, and to guarantee and protect the rights of employees and employers with respect to safety, health, working conditions and rest periods. It sets out the responsibilities of employers and the penalties in cases of violation of the provisions.
Gaceta oficial de la República de Venezuela, 26 July 2005, No.38.236, p.1-39.
http://www.tsj.gov.ve/gaceta/enero/030107/030107-38596-01.html [in Spanish]
http://www.ila.org.pe/publicaciones/docs/ley_org_prev_salud_lab.pdf [in Spanish]
Objectives reached in the prevention of occupational hazards: Employers and workers involved in a common objective
Objetivos conseguidos en prevención de riesgos laborales: Empresarios y trabajadores implicados en un objetivo común [in Spanish]
This document brings together the experiences of 42 enterprises located in the Autonomous Community of Aragon concerning the implementation of occupational safety and health policies with the participation of workers. The main objective of the measures is to reduce to the maximum extent the number of accidents (zero accidents being the ultimate goal) and to limit the exposure of workers to various physical and chemical hazards. Each enterprise presents its objectives, its approach and the results obtained.
Gobierno de Aragón, Departamento de Economía, Hacienda y Empleo, Plaza los Sitios 7, 50001 Zaragoza, Spain, 2005. 123p.
http://portal.aragon.es/portal/page/portal/ISSLA/PUBLICACIONES/OTRAS/LIBROOBJETIVOSCONSEGUIDOS.PDF [in Spanish]
Ministerio de trabajo, empleo y seguridad social
Second Argentine Occupational Safety and Health Week
(SITIL): II semana Argentina de la salud y seguridad en el trabajo [in Spanish]
Collection of occupational safety and health documents on CD-ROM published on the occasion of the second Argentine Week on occupational safety and health held in Buenos Aires, Argentina, 25-28 April 2005, covering the following topics: guide for safety representatives; prevention of chemical hazards at the place of work; trade union guide to occupational safety; surveillance of workers' health; occupational health and collective bargaining in Spain; main technical and ethical aspects of workers' health surveillance; workers' participation in occupational safety and health in Argentina; 2003 statistical report on occupational accidents and diseases; proceedings of several conferences on occupational safety and health; importance of psychosocial aspects of work organization for workers' health; general principles of workers' health monitoring and the ILO standard; registration and notification of occupational accidents and diseases and ILO list of occupational diseases; evaluation of occupational hazards; technical guide for the evaluation and prevention of occupational hazards related to chemical agents; ISTAS21 method for the prevention of occupational hazards; ILO posters for the World Day for Safety and Health at Work; texts of ILO Recommendations 171 (CIS 91-1433) and 194, and Conventions 121 (CIS 89-1752), 155 (CIS 92-890) and 161 (CIS 86-859). A collection of the presentations is published in print in a separate volume.
International Social Security Association, ISSA Publications, Case postale 1, CH-1211 Genève 22, Switzerland, 2005. CD-ROM, 1393p. Printed collection of papers presented, 2006 (449p.; illus.)
Health and Safety Executive
A review of safety culture and safety climate literature for the development of the safety culture inspection toolkit
Following the recommendations made from inquiries into several major railway accidents in the United Kingdom, the Railway Inspectorate requested that a safety culture inspection toolkit be developed. The toolkit was required to provide a pragmatic approach for the measurement of safety culture in rail organizations. The Inspectorate requested that the approach should focus on a limited number of indicators that are known to influence safety culture. The first phase of the project described in this report consisted of a literature review, in which the five indicators found to be the most relevant were leadership, two-way communications, employee involvement, learning culture and attitude towards blame.
HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 2WA, United Kingdom, 2005. viii, 42p. Illus. 66 ref. Price: GBP 10.00. Downloadable version free of charge.
http://www.hse.gov.uk/research/rrpdf/rr367.pdf [in English]
Occupational safety and health in North-West Russia - ILO project
Ohrana i bezopasnost' truda na Severo-zapade Rossii Proekt MOT [in Russian]
This article describes the occupational safety and health project being implemented by the Moscow Subregional Office of the ILO in the North-Western Region of the Russian Federation. The project is funded by Finland and is carried out with the participation of Finnish OSH specialists and trade union representatives. Objectives include: identification of the scope of OSH problems in north-western Russia; promotion of social partnerships in OSH at the enterprise level; generating awareness of the economic benefits of good working conditions; development of OSH management systems at enterprises; dissemination of OSH information across the language barrier.
Barents - Newsletter on Occupational Health and Safety, 2005, Vol.8, No.2, p.45-46 (English); p.47-48 (Russian). Illus.
http://www.ttl.fi/NR/rdonlyres/A5D5488A-F14E-44A5-B5D9-ED782987D5FE/0/barents_2_2005_netti.pdf [in English]
Putting work at the heart of change
Mettre le travail au cœur du changement [in French]
Folder containing 11 information sheets explaining how the French national agency for the improvement of working conditions (ANACT) and its regional branches (ARACT) can help enterprises in the following areas: evaluation and prevention of occupational hazards; understanding and reducing absenteeism; implementing information and communication technologies; preventing musculoskeletal diseases; successfully implementing technology investment in small enterprises; overcoming recruiting difficulties; management of the ageing working population; encouraging dialogue during management changes; modernizing work organization; training of personnel; reorganizing work-time schedules.
Agence Nationale pour l'Amélioration des Conditions de Travail (ANACT), 4, quai des Etroits, 69321 Lyon Cedex 05, France, [ca 2005]. Brochure (6p.) and 11 leaflets. Illus.
Promoting dialogue and cooperation at workplaces (A practical guide)
This guide explains the advantages of dialogue and cooperation in the workplace and provides guidance on their promotion. It suggests priority areas for dialogue and cooperation including, absenteeism, workers' transportation, productivity, housekeeping and accidents.
Social Dialogue and Workplace Cooperation Unit, Department of Labour, Labour Secretariat, Colombo 05, Sri Lanka, 2005. 32p.
Psychosocial hazards. Stress, malaise, suffering...A collective challenge to occupational health and the quality of working life
Risques psychosociaux. Stress, mal-être, souffrance...Un enjeu collectif de la santé et de la qualité de vie au travail [in French]
Following a brief explanation of what constitutes psychosocial disorders, this guide presents a four-step multidisciplinary approach to the prevention of occupational stress: developing a collective approach; identifying indicators; understanding disequilibria; acting at several levels and implementing a monitoring system.
Agence Nationale pour l'Amélioration des Conditions de Travail, 4, quai des Etroits, 69321 Lyon Cedex 05, France, Dec. 2005. 23p. Illus.
http://www.aquitaine.aract.fr/pdf/RiskPsycho_guide.pdf [in French]
La gestion des âges [in French]
Topics addressed by this information sheet on the issue of employee age management within the enterprise: general aspects on the ageing of the workforce; taking the age differences among employees into account; changes that need to be implemented to allow employees to work longer; refresher training and human resources management; avoiding occupational weariness; facilitating cooperation and the transfer of skills among employees.
Agence Nationale pour l'Amélioration des Conditions de Travail, 4, quai des Etroits, 69321 Lyon Cedex 05, France, Dec. 2005. 6p. Illus.
http://www.anact.fr/pls/portal/docs/1/15995.PDF [in French]
International Stress Management Association (ISMA) UK
Working together to reduce stress at work: A guide for employees
This leaflet describes the Health and Safety Executive's Management Standards for work-related stress (see CIS 07-242) and explains the role of employees in their implementation.
HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 2WA, United Kingdom, 2005. 6p.
http://www.hse.gov.uk/pubns/misc686.pdf [in English]
Prevention of risks from occupational noise in practice
This report presents 19 practical examples of how enterprises and organizations from across the European Union have taken a variety of actions to reduce the exposure of workers to noise. The cases should inspire owners, managers and workers about what could be achieved within their enterprise. Some enterprises developed their own solutions using in-house expertise. Others found it useful and cost effective to use consultants with expert knowledge and practical experience in preventing exposure to noise. The majority included the involvement of employees and their representatives to identify problems and develop solutions; this is crucial to success, as workers have firsthand experience of their work environment.
European Agency for Safety and Health at Work, Gran Vía 33, 48009 Bilbao, Spain, 2005. 95p. Illus. Index.
http://osha.eu.int/publications/reports/6905812/full_publication_en.pdf [in English]
Participatory work improvement in Thailand
This article examines trends in occupational injuries in Thailand between 1992 and 2003 and investigates the implementation of workers' participation programmes in small enterprises, such as the Work Improvement in Small Enterprises (WISE) approach of the ILO (see CIS 03-1545). It describes the implementation of WISE programmes in hot work environments and workplaces with high musculoskeletal load. The participatory approach was found to be effective in improving both working conditions and productivity.
Asian-Pacific Newsletter on Occupational Health and Safety, Nov. 2005, Vol.12, No.3, p.68-70. Illus. 1 ref.
http://www.ttl.fi/NR/rdonlyres/E2C6828F-263C-49C1-99AD-4C782F627153/0/AsianPacificNewsletter20053.pdf [in English]
Noise reduction and control
Réduction et contrôle du bruit [in French]
ES/Reducción y control del ruido [in Spanish]
Eliminating or reducing excessive noise at work is not simply a legal responsibility for employers; it is also in an organisation's commercial interests. This fact sheet outlines the main steps that should be taken to reduce and control noise at work (elimination of the noise source, control of noise at the source, collective control measures, supply of personal protective equipment, information and training of personnel, monitoring, workers' participation). It is also available in Czech, Danish, French, German, Spanish, Estonian, Greek, Italian, Latvian, Lithuanian, Hungarian, Dutch, Polish, Portuguese, Slovenian, Slovak, Finnish and Swedish (see http://agency.osha.eu.int/publications/factsheets/).
European Agency for Safety and Health at Work, Gran Vía, 33, 48009 Bilbao, Spain, 2005. 2p. Illus. 1 ref.
http://agency.osha.eu.int/publications/factsheets/58/fact58_en.pdf [in English]
http://agency.osha.eu.int/publications/factsheets/58/fact58_fr.pdf [in French]
http://agency.osha.eu.int/publications/factsheets/58/fact58_es.pdf [in Spanish]
An introduction to noise at work
Introduction à la question du bruit au travail [in French]
ES/Introducción al ruido en el trabajo [in Spanish]
Noise-induced hearing loss is the most common reported occupational disease in the EU. This factsheet outlines the key issues surrounding noise at work. Contents: noise intensity; effects on health and safety (hearing loss, physiological effects, stress, increased risk of accidents); groups at risk; employers' responsibilities; employee involvement; legislation. The fact sheet is also available in Czech, Danish, French, German, Spanish, Estonian, Greek, Italian, Latvian, Lithuanian, Hungarian, Dutch, Polish, Portuguese, Slovenian, Slovak, Finnish and Swedish (see http://agency.osha.eu.int/publications/factsheets/).
European Agency for Safety and Health at Work, Gran Vía, 33, 48009 Bilbao, Spain, 2005. 2p. Illus. 5 ref.
http://agency.osha.eu.int/publications/factsheets/56/fact56_en.pdf [in English]
http://agency.osha.eu.int/publications/factsheets/56/fact56_fr.pdf [in French]
http://agency.osha.eu.int/publications/factsheets/56/fact56_es.pdf [in Spanish]
Hiba J.C., Ciciliani A., Cóppola A.
How to improve working conditions and productivity in farming and in the farm-derived products industry - Practical guide
Comment améliorer les conditions travail et la productivité dans les entreprises agricoles et agroindustrielles - Guide pratique [in French]
Cómo mejorar las condiciones de trabajo y la productividad en empresas agrícolas y agroindustriales - Guía par la acción [in Spanish]
This guide for small enterprises in farming and the farm-derived products industry in Argentina explains how to improve working conditions and productivity. It is divided into two sections. The first includes practical advice on the layout of premises and workplaces, work organization, materials handling and transportation, workplace design, safety of tools and machinery, environmental control and welfare facilities. The second part proposes tools for improving productivity (in particular the WISE system), a brief introduction to the most common dangerous chemicals and the efficient use of agrochemicals, together with checklists for implementing the improvements mentioned.
ILO Publications, International Labour Office, 1211 Genève 22, Switzerland, 2005. 196p. Illus.
Hignett S., Wilson J.R., Morris W.
Finding ergonomic solutions - Participatory approaches
Participatory ergonomic interventions include interventions at macro (organizational, systems) levels and at micro (individual) levels, where workers use their knowledge to address ergonomic problems relating to their working activities. Examples are given where a cost-effective benefit has been measured using musculoskeletal sickness absence and compensation costs. Other examples using different outcome measures also showed improvements, such as increases in productivity, improved communications between staff and management, reductions in risk factors, the development of new processes and new work environment designs. Three cases are described from Canada and Japan where participatory projects were led by occupational health teams, suggesting that occupational health practitioners can have an important role to play in participatory ergonomics projects.
Occupational Medicine, May 2005, Vol.55, No.3, p.200-207. 48 ref.
Bennett J., Foster P.
Predicting progress: The use of leading indicators in occupational safety and health
Given a developing culture of compensation for the effects of occupational accidents and diseases, managers are increasingly concerned about how better to assess and hence to improve the effectiveness of occupational safety and health management. Traditional indicators such as occupational accident rate, occupational disease incidence and compensation payments only measure occupational safety and health outputs. Consequently, there is increasing interest in the use of leading indicators to enable control of the processes that lead to these events. This paper reviews work in the field, then identifies and assembles a set of practical key leading indicators.
Policy and Practice in Health and Safety, 2005, Vol.3, No.2, p.77-90. Illus. 28 ref.
Koningsveld E. A. P.
Participation for understanding: An interactive method
This article describes a participative model for evaluating the effectiveness of safety and health measures that involves interviews with workers, maintenance departments, purchasing departments and safety and health experts. Questions asked concern costs, implementation efforts, benefits and effects of prevention efforts. The end result is a cost-effectiveness calculation that is understood by all involved. Examples are provided of the use of cost-benefit analysis for a team of glaziers and, at the sector level, among paving workers.
Journal of Safety Research, 2005, Vol. 36, No. 3, p. 231-236. Illus. 2 ref.
Bryden R., Hudson P.
Because we want to
Many enterprises that have attempted to develop a sound safety culture admit that the biggest hurdle consists of changing workers' behaviour. This article describes how a major oil company translated human behaviour research into practice through its 'Hearts and Minds' programme. The goal was to develop a programme in which the entire workforce would become intrinsically motivated for managing health, safety and the environment as an integral part of their business. Tools and techniques designed as part of the programme are described and have been made available on the website of the Institute of Energy at www.energyinst.org.uk/heartsandminds.
Safety and Health Practitioner, July 2005, Vol.23, No.7, p.51-54. Illus. 9 ref.
Budworth N., Cox S.
This article explains how safety audits can contribute towards the development of a safety culture within an enterprise. It discusses the attitudes of company senior management to audits, the use of computerized audit systems, the various audit standards such as HSG65 and OHSAS 18000, the selection of an audit tool that is adapted to the conditions of the enterprise and the importance of the resulting action plan.
Safety and Health Practitioner, July 2005, Vol.23, No.7, p.46-48. Illus. 3 ref.
Takeyama H., Kubo T., Itani T.
The nighttime nap strategies for improving night shift work in workplace
Several studies have shown that nighttime naps among nightshift workers have beneficial effects on working conditions, work performance and occupational safety. Nevertheless, the introduction of nighttime sleep breaks has not been widely accepted. This article discusses the advantages and disadvantages of nighttime napas, the effective length and timing of naps and the importance of individual differences. The use of a participatory method to improve the acceptance of nighttime naps is proposed.
Industrial Health, Jan. 2005, Vol.43, No.1, p.24-29. 45 ref.
http://www.h.jniosh.go.jp/en/indu_hel/2005/pdf/43-1-4.pdf [in English]
Workers' involvement - A missing component in the implementation of occupational safety and health management systems in enterprises
The effective implementation of occupational safety and health (OSH) legislation based on European Union directives requires promotion of OSH management systems (OSH MS). The voluntary Polish standard PN-N-18000 sets out OSH MS specifications and guidelines. Since the number of enterprises implementing OSH MS has increased only slowly, it was decided to develop a national policy in this area. A survey was conducted in 40 enterprises with an OSH MS to identify motivational factors underlying the decision to implement such a system. Findings show that workers and their representatives should be involved more actively in the design and implementation of these systems to improve their effectiveness.
International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics, 2005, Vol.11, No.3, p.219-231. 23 ref.
The alternative work force - Safety challenges when employees work remotely
It is estimated that between 30 and 40 million workers in the USA are either telecommuters or home-based employees. Sales and service personnel, working primarily in non-supervised situations, also constitute a large percentage of the workforce. This article discusses the safety issues involving alternative workplaces. Topics addressed: training and administrative support; legal aspects; role of management; raising safety consciousness; self-supervision; motivation; workers' participation.
Occupational Hazards, Aug. 2005, Vol.67, No.8, p.38-43. Illus.
Manual on safety, health and the environment in banana production
Manual de seguridad, salud y ambiente en la producción bananera [in Spanish]
Published by the National Federation of Food Industry Workers, Farmers and Free Indigenous Populations of Ecuador (FENCALE), this manual addresses the problems related to occupational safety and health and environmental protection in banana production. It describes the working conditions and environment, the risk factors faced during the various tasks, the modes of exposure to these risks and the effects on workers' health, together with the preventive measures to be adopted and the legal framework for protecting workers and the environment.
Fenacle Nacional, Gayaquil, Rumichaca 2206 y Manabí, Edificio Monterrey, 4to piso oficina 4-5, Quito, Ecuador, 2005. 72p. Illus.
Occupational safety and health in the Quebec nuclear industry
La prévention dans l'industrie nucléaire au Québec [in French]
This article describes the occupational safety and health system adopted by a nuclear power station in Quebec, Canada. It is based on five principles, namely: empowerment of supervisors and workers; compliance with standards, procedures and directives; training of personnel; behavioural improvements; continuous improvement through clear information and the continuous measurement of performance.
Travail et santé, Sep. 2005, Vol.21, No.3, p.18-20. Illus. 3 ref.
Keith M., Brophy J., Kirby P., Rosskam E.
Barefoot research: A workers' manual for organizing on work security
Alternatív kutatás: Munkavállalói kézikönyv a munkahelyi biztonság szervezéséről [in Hungarian]
Hungarian translation of the manual analysed under CIS 01-1367. This practical manual was developed to help workers increase their level of control over their own work conditions, including the protection of their health and well-being, and their level of basic security. Contents: purpose of "barefoot research"; research tools (definition of goals, inspections by workers, surveys, small group discussions, mapping, interviews, observation, use and interpretation of information); taking action (using and sharing the results of "barefoot research", agreeing on action with workers, getting things done, gaining a voice).
ILO Publications, International Labour Office, 1211 Genève 22, Switzerland, 2005. 116p. Illus. 105 ref.
http://www.ilo.org/public/english/region/eurpro/budapest/download/osh/barefoot_hu.pdf [in Hungarian]
Guidelines on occupational safety and health management systems - ILO-OSH 2001
Mwongozo wa Usimamizi wa Mifumo ya Usalama na Afya Kazini - ILO-OSH 2001 [in Swahili]
Swahili translation of the ILO guidelines (see CIS 02-162), which call for coherent policies to protect workers from occupational hazards. They present practical approaches and tools for assisting organizations, competent national institutions, employers, workers and other partners in establishing, implementing and improving occupational safety and health management systems, with the aim of reducing work-related injuries, ill health, diseases, incidents and deaths. At the national level, the guidelines provide for the establishment of a national framework for occupational safety and health (OSH) management systems, preferably supported by national laws and regulations. They also provide precise information on developing voluntary arrangements to strengthen compliance with regulations and standards, which, in turn, lead to continual improvement of OSH performance. At the organizational level, the guidelines encourage the integration of OSH management system elements as an important component of overall policy and management arrangements.
Mkurugenzi, Shirika la Kazi Duniani (ILO), Ofisi ya Kenya, Somalia, Tanzania na Uganda, P.O. Box 9212, Dar es Salaam, Tanzania, 2005. 27p. Illus. 37 ref.
An explicative model of unsafe work behavior
This study attempted to construct and test an explicative model of unsafe work behaviour to reveal the mechanisms by which selected contributory factors influence the safety behaviour of individuals. The effects of perceived safety climate, hazard level, work pressure, risk and barriers to safety were studied among 722 workers in 102 different locations of a United States grain company using a questionnaire survey. The results indicated that perceived safety climate was the best predictor of unsafe work behaviour. It is suggested that improvements in safety climate would decrease the level of perceived work pressure, which in turn would reduce perceived risk and perceived barriers to safety, thus encouraging safer behaviour.
Safety Science, Mar. 2005, Vol.43, No.3, p.187-211. Illus. 89 ref.
Behavior change versus culture change: Divergent approaches to managing workplace safety
This article compares and contrasts the behaviour change and culture change approaches to safety. The two perspectives are analysed in terms of their conceptual and theoretical foundations, their characteristics and their apparent strengths and weaknesses. The level of empirical support for each approach is also assessed. The argument is advanced that the two approaches are essentially complementary and that their respective strengths can be merged into a more balanced and comprehensive approach for managing workplace safety. This integrated approach has two key features: a data-based and participatory problem-solving process that includes some of the inherent strengths of the behaviour change approach, and a more explicit culture change process that can be systematically monitored and assessed.
Safety Science, Feb. 2005, Vol.43, No.2, p.105-129. Illus. 77 ref.
Toulouse G., Nastasia I., Imbeau D.
Feasibility study for the integration of OHS and ergonomics into the PVA-Kaizen approach
Etude de faisabilité en vue d'intégrer la SST et l'ergonomie à l'approche PVA-Kaizen [in French]
This study surveyed the feasibility of integrating the prevention of musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs) and other occupational safety and health (OSH) problems into the PVA (value-added production) Kaizen approach, by focusing on ergonomic interventions. Results of interviews indicate that directors of small and medium enterprises (SMEs) and consultants in continual improvement are interested in integrating OSH prevention into the PVA-Kaizen approach, although methods of integration vary. The company's experience in workers' participation in work design and in the management of continuous improvement should be taken into account.
Institut de recherche Robert-Sauvé en santé et en sécurité du travail du Québec (IRSST), 505 boul. de Maisonneuve Ouest, Montreal (Quebec) H3A 3C2, Canada, 2005. vii, 77p. Illus. 37 ref. Price: CAD 8.56. Downloadable version (PDF format) free of charge.
http://www.irsst.qc.ca/files/documents/PubIRSST/R-428.pdf [in French]
Polanyi M.F., Cole D.C., Ferrier S.E., Facey M.
Paddling upstream: A contextual analysis of implementation of a workplace ergonomic policy at a large newspaper
Efforts to implement workplace ergonomic programs aimed at reducing work-related musculoskeletal disorders (WMSD) have to address multiple physical and psychosocial aspects of work environments, yet contextual factors often limit their success. This article describes the processes involved in an ergonomic program to reduce neck and upper limb WMSDs at a large Canadian newspaper. Using qualitative data collection and analysis methods, the impacts of key contextual characteristics are illustrated, including those relating to the programme (management commitment, union involvement, experience and skill of programme leaders, researcher involvement), the organization (drive for productivity, management control, organizational culture) and the broader social context (economic climate, nature of newspaper work, technology and nature of WMSD).
Applied Ergonomics, Mar. 2005, Vol.36, No.2, p.231-239. Illus. 31 ref.
Guidelines on occupational safety and health management systems - ILO-OSH 2001
Sangyō anzen hoken manejimento shisutemu gaidorain [in Japanese]
This publication is a Japanese translation of the ILO-OSH 2001 guidelines (see CIS 02-162). The guidelines present practical approaches and tools for assisting organizations, competent national institutions, employers, workers and other partners in establishing, implementing and improving occupational safety and health management systems, with the aim of reducing work-related injuries, ill health, diseases, incidents and deaths. They provide for the establishment of a national framework for occupational safety and health management systems, the development of voluntary arrangements to strengthen compliance with regulations and standards and the integration of OSH management system elements as an important component of overall policy and management arrangements.
Rōdō-chōsa-kai (JISHA), 5-35-1, Shiba, Minato-ku, Tokyo 108-0014, Japan, 2005. 37p. 37 ref.
Guidelines on occupational safety and health management systems - ILO-OSH 2001
Diretrizes sobre sistemas de Gestão da Segurança e saúde no trabalho [in Portuguese]
This publication is a Portuguese translation of the ILO-OSH 2001 guidelines (see CIS 02-162). The guidelines present practical approaches and tools for assisting organizations, competent national institutions, employers, workers and other partners in establishing, implementing and improving occupational safety and health management systems, with the aim of reducing work-related injuries, ill health, diseases, incidents and deaths. They provide for the establishment of a national framework for occupational safety and health management systems, the development of voluntary arrangements to strengthen compliance with regulations and standards and the integration of OSH management system elements as an important component of overall policy and management arrangements.
Fundacentro, Rua Capote Valente, 710, São Paulo, SP, CEP 05409-002, Brazil, 2005. 47p. 37 ref.
Fuller C., Vassie L.
Health and Safety Executive
Benchmarking employee supervisory processes in the chemical industry
This study assessed the key inputs to and outputs from supervisory processes used in the chemical industry and examined the benchmarking of different forms of supervision in a crosssection of U.K. chemical companies. It involved discussions with representative bodies for the chemical industry and managers, supervisors and operators within a number of companies together with a literature review and a questionnaire survey. The study showed that a hierarchical style of company leadership was predominant. Self-managed teams were deployed in only a small proportion of companies and were more likely to be used for low-risk activities. Enterprises were generally satisfied with the outputs from their current method of supervision.
HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 2WA, United Kingdom, 2005. x, 61p. Illus. 60 ref. Price: GBP 15.00. Downloadable version free of charge.
http://www.hse.gov.uk/research/rrpdf/rr312.pdf [in English]
Walters D., Nichols T., Connor J., Tasiran A.C., Cam S.
Health and Safety Executive
The role and effectiveness of safety representatives in influencing workplace health and safety
Through a series of case studies in the chemicals and construction industries, this study examines the role of worker representation and consultation in improving health and safety performance and explores which arrangements work best and why. The study concludes that worker representation and consultation have the potential to raise safety and health awareness among both workers and managers and to effect improvements in safety and health management. Findings also suggest the effectiveness of representation and consultation is dependent on a number of preconditions, including the commitment of senior management to safety and health, competent risk evaluation and control and effective external inspection.
HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 2WA, United Kingdom, 2005. xv, 159p. 146 ref. Price: GBP 30.00. Downloadable version free of charge.
http://www.hse.gov.uk/research/rrpdf/rr363.pdf [in English]
Health and Safety Executive
Obstacles preventing worker involvement in health and safety
The objective of this research was to identify the barriers to worker involvement in health and safety activities in the workplace and to identify the types of incentives that would encourage greater participation. To enable in-depth discussion and exploration of the issues, focus group meetings were held, involving participants working in the construction, manufacturing, hospitality and retail sectors with a wide range of ages and working experience. Interviews were also carried out with employers and safety representatives from the same sectors. Although it was concluded that there were no easy answers to improving the extent of worker involvement in health and safety, several leads are proposed.
HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 2WA, United Kingdom, 2005. ii, 57p. Price: GBP 15.00. Downloadable version free of charge.
http://www.hse.gov.uk/research/rrpdf/rr296.pdf [in English]
Chen M.S., Chan A.
Employee and union inputs into occupational health and safety measures in Chinese factories
Few studies have addressed the impact of employees' inputs on the protection of their occupational safety and health (OSH). The research presented in this paper focuses on Chinese factories and measures employees' evaluation of the effectiveness in OHS issues of their enterprise trade union and staff and workers' representative congress (SWRC). The data for the study draws upon a national survey of employees of enterprises in manufacturing industry conducted in 1997 by the All-China Federation of Trade Unions. The study finds that the input of the trade union and SWRC does have a significant impact on the protection of the workers' occupational health and safety.
Social Science and Medicine, 2004, Vol.58, p.1231-1245. 34 ref.
Employee_and_union.pdf [in English]
The safety of work equipment - User-oriented strategies for improving technical standards
Collection of articles on improving technical standards for work equipment, grouped under the following headings: globalization of standardization processes; participatory design of work equipment; feeding end-user information into work equipment design; research input into the participatory design of work equipment in Europe.
Newsletter of the European Trade Union Technical Bureau for Health and Safety - Bulletin d'information du Bureau technique syndical européen pour la santé et la sécurité, June 2008, No. 24-25, p.1-51 (whole issue). Illus. Bibl.ref.
http://hesa.etui-rehs.org/uk/dossiers/files/News24-25-EN.pdf [in English]
http://hesa.etui-rehs.org/fr/newsletter/files/FINAL-News24FRdef.pdf [in French]
Bundesanstalt für Arbeitsschutz und Arbeitsmedizin
More health can mean higher profits - The economic efficiency of health and safety at work
This booklet is devoted to the economic component of occupational safety and health as a means of securing long-term enterprise efficiency and competitiveness, special attention being paid to small and medium enterprises. It highlights the positive connection between profitability and employee-oriented measures taken to improve the safety and health of the workforce. Finally, simple methods applicable to small and medium enterprises are proposed for estimating the costs and benefits of occupational safety and health.
Federal Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, Postfach 17 02 02, 44061 Dortmund, Germany, 2004. 49p. Illus. 24 ref.
http://www.oit.org/public/english/protection/safework/li_suppliers/download/occupational/more_health_higher_profits.pdf [in English]
Guidelines for preventing workplace violence for health care and social service workers
Health care and social service workers are at high risk of violent assault at work. In 2000 in the United States, health service workers overall had an incidence rate of 9.3 for injuries resulting from assaults and violent acts. The rate for social service workers was 15, and for nursing workers, 25. This compares to an overall private sector injury rate of two. Aimed at employers in the health care and social services sector, these guidelines explain how to implement a violence prevention programme. Topics addressed: importance of management commitment and employee involvement; worksite analysis; hazard prevention and control; safety and health training; recordkeeping and programme evaluation.
Publications U.S. Department of Labor, Occupational Safety and Health Administration, 200 Constitution Avenue, Washington, D.C. 20210, USA, 2004. 44p. Illus. 40 ref.
http://www.osha.gov/Publications/osha3148.pdf [in English]
Ergonomics for the prevention of musculoskeletal disorders - Guidelines for poultry processing
A major component of OSHA's approach to ergonomics is the development of industry-specific and task-specific guidelines to reduce and prevent workplace musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs). These voluntary guidelines were designed specifically for the poultry processing industry. They were drawn in part from earlier guidelines for meatpacking. While the two guidelines are similar, the poultry guidelines include more examples of practical ergonomic solutions and use the terms "musculoskeletal disorders" and "MSDs" instead of the earlier terminology of "cumulative trauma disorders" and "CTDs".
Publications U.S. Department of Labor, Occupational Safety and Health Administration, 200 Constitution Avenue, Washington, D.C. 20210, USA, Sep. 2004. 23p. Illus. 13 ref.
http://www.osha.gov/ergonomics/guidelines/poultryprocessing/poultryall-in-one.pdf [in English]
Initiatives of enterprises with respect to the prevention of occupational hazards
Iniciativas empresariales en prevención de riesgos laborales [in Spanish]
This document brings together the occupational safety and health (OSH) ideas and initiatives of enterprises located in the Autonomous Region of Aragon having participated in two OSH programmes entitled "Exchanging Good Practices" and the "Zero Accidents Goal". The enterprises present their proposed or implemented approach as well as possible findings, where applicable. Enterprises are grouped according to their sector of activity. In Aragon, while the overall number of occupational accidents declined by an average of 3.21% between 2002 and 2003, an improvement of 17.6% was recorded in the enterprises having participated in these programmes.
Gobierno de Aragón, Departamento de Economía, Hacienda y Empleo, Plaza los Sitios 7, 50001 Zaragoza, Spain, 2004. 271p. Index.
Heras Cobo C.
Occupational safety and health management
Dirección y gestión preventiva [in Spanish]
Published by the Autonomous Community of Aragon, the aim of this publication is to increase the level of awareness of occupational safety and health management among heads of enterprises so as to improve working conditions and lower the rate of accidents.
Gobierno de Aragón, Departamento de Economía, Hacienda y Empleo, Plaza los Sitios 7, 50001 Zaragoza, Spain, 2004. 34p.
http://portal.aragob.es/pls/portal30/docs/FOLDER/ISSLA/PUBLICACIONES/OTRAS/DIRECCION+Y+GESTION+PREVENTIVA.PDF [in Spanish]
< previous | 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9 ...15 | next >