Workers' participation - 722 entries found
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Brosseau L.M., Parker D., Samant Y., Pan W.
Mapping safety interventions in metalworking shops
This article discusses the selection of intervention activities designed to lower machine-related hazards and amputations in small metal fabrication businesses. Methods included an advisory board, employee discussions and pilot tests. A stepwise intervention mapping process was used to identify performance objectives, behavioural determinants and change objectives for two target populations (business owners and employees). Intervention activities for owners were designed to increase knowledge about machine safety, encourage adoption of safety procedures, and motivate improvements in machine guarding. Intervention activities aimed at employees focused on building knowledge and skills of health and safety committee members. The intervention mapping approach led to important insights about programme goals and intervention activities.
Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Mar. 2007, Vol.49, No.3, p.338-345. 42 ref.
Goetzel R.Z., Shechter D., Ozminkowski R.J., Marmet P.F., Tabrizi M.J., Chung Roemer E.
Promising practices in employer health and productivity management efforts: Findings from a benchmarking study
The objective of this study was to identify key success factors related to employer-based health and productivity management (HPM) programmes. Data regarding promising practices in HPM were gathered via literature review, discussions with experts and site visits. Promising practices in HPM were found to include: integrating HPM programs into the organization's operations; simultaneously addressing individual, environmental, policy and cultural factors affecting health and productivity; targeting several health issues; tailoring programs to address specific needs; attaining high participation; rigorously evaluating programs; communicating successful outcomes to key stakeholders.
Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Feb. 2007, Vol.49, No.2, p.111-130. 70 ref.
Charreton M., Lacoste M., Millet M.
Ventilation installation records
Le dossier d'installation de ventilation [in French]
French labour law on the ventilation and purification of work premises requires that employers to keep, and maintain current, records on the installation of each item of the ventilation system. One of the objectives of these regulations is to ensure that employers are familiar with the ventilation equipment from the time of its design, through the regular maintenance and inspection activities. Preparing the various parts of the installation records can sometimes be complex, which is why this guide has set out to transpose the legal requirements into practical terms. A true example of the compilation of an installation record is presented. The records are to be made available on demand to labour inspectors, to the competent social security agencies and to members of the hygiene, safety and working conditions committee of the enterprise.
Institut national de recherche et de sécurité, 30 rue Olivier-Noyer, 75680 Paris Cedex 14, France, Apr. 2007. 20p. Illus. 21 ref. Price: EUR 5.20. Downloadable version free of charge.
http://www.inrs.fr/inrs-pub/inrs01.nsf/inrs01_search_view/6672F6056AED0334C12572C900380323/$File/ed6008.pdf [in French]
Richez J.P., Martin S., Ravallec C., Larcher C.
No breakdowns for maintenance
Pas de panne pour la maintenance [in French]
Maintenance activities involve increasingly-complex equipment. This collection or articles covers the topic of safe working methods during maintenance operations, whether carried out by the owners of the facilities or by external contractors working on site. Contents: viewpoints of ergonomics, equipment engineering and safety experts at the INRS and a French regional accident insurance institution (CRAM); taking maintenance-related accidents into account in the EPICEA database of occupational accidents in France; procedures implemented at a manufacturer of industrial equipment, an automobile manufacturer and a producer of aluminium products.
Travail et sécurité, July-Aug. 2007, No.675, p.22-32. Illus. 3 ref.
Durand M.J., Berthelette D., Loisel P., Beaudet J., Imbeau D.
Construction workers suffering from lumbar back pain - Evaluation of the implementation of an early collaboration rehabilitation programme
Travailleurs de la construction ayant une dorso-lombalgie - Evaluation de l'implantation d'un programme de collaboration précoce en réadaptation [in French]
The objective of this study was to evaluate the efficiency of a participatory programme aimed at the rehabilitation of workers suffering from low back pain in the construction industry in Quebec. It involved 29 workers suffering from low back pain. Data were collected by means of questionnaires, interviews and medical examinations. Rehabilitation interventions aimed at workers suffering from low back pain were found to constitute a complex problem. For such interventions to be effective, it is necessary to act simultaneously at several levels. Various research projects are proposed for improving the efficiency of rehabilitation interventions in occupational settings.
Institut de recherche Robert-Sauvé en santé et en sécurité du travail du Québec (IRSST), 505 boul. de Maisonneuve Ouest, Montreal H3A 3C2, Quebec, Canada, 2007.vi, 92p. Illus. 129 ref. Price: CAD 10.60. Downloadable version (PDF format) free of charge.
http://www.irsst.qc.ca/files/documents/PubIRSST/R-489.pdf [in French]
Law-based protection of labour: Workers' participation in the area of occupational safety and health - Legal aspects
Prawna ochrona pracy : Partycypacja pracownicza w dziedzinie bezpieczeństwa i higieny pracy - aspekty prawne [in Polish]
The role and importance of co-operation between employers and their employees on issues relating to occupational safety and health are examined. Forms of workers' participation in the European Union and in Polish legislation are described. The ruling of the European Court of Justice relating to the appointment of workers' representatives responsible for OSH is also discussed.
Bezpieczeństwo pracy, 2007, No.1, p.2-5. 8 ref.
Biological agents and occupational health
Les agents biologiques et la santé au travail [in French]
Biologische agentia en gezondheid op het werk [in Dutch]
Aimed at employers, this guide comments on the Belgian Royal Order of 4 August 1996 concerning the protection of workers against risks connected with the exposure to biological agents at work (see CIS 00-1532) and explains how to ensure its compliance within the enterprise. Contents: definitions and scope; health effects of biological agents; hazard evaluation; documents to be completed by employers; risk prevention and control; health surveillance; vaccination; roles of the various parties involved in risk prevention and health surveillance.
Service public fédéral Emploi, Travail et Concertation sociale, rue Ernest Blerot I, 1070 Bruxelles, Belgium, 2007. 36p. Illus. 11 ref.
http://www.werk.belgie.be/WorkArea/showcontent.aspx?id=3854 [in Dutch]
http://www.emploi.belgique.be/WorkArea/showcontent.aspx?id=3854 [in French]
Evaluation of occupational hazards
Evaluation des risques professionnels [in French]
The a priori evaluation of occupational hazards consists of identifying and classifying the hazards faced by employees of an enterprise, with the aim of implementing suitable preventive actions. It is the first step of an occupational safety and health policy. The evaluation follows a structured procedure and the results are presented in the "single document". This document should be available to the safety and health committee, the occupational physician and, on request, to labour inspectors and regional occupational health insurance inspectors. This Internet document explains the reasons for evaluating occupational hazards and provides guidance on the French legal framework, how to carry out an evaluation and sources of additional information.
Institut national de recherche et de sécurité, 30 rue Olivier-Noyer, 75680 Paris Cedex 14, France, Mar. 2007. Internet document. Illus. 6 ref.
http://www.inrs.fr/INRS-PUB/inrs01.nsf/inrs01_catalog_view_view/C7E1DF720A0E72D0C1256D50004FCD65/$FILE/print.html [in French]
Occupational Health and Safety Council of Ontario
Resource manual for the MSD Prevention Guideline for Ontario
Manuel de ressources des lignes directrices de prévention des TMS pour l'Ontario [in French]
The primary purpose of this resource manual is to provide Ontario's employers and workers with more detailed information and advice on how to implement the generic framework for preventing musculoskeletal disorders that is described in the MSD Prevention Guideline for Ontario (see CIS 07-490). Further guidance is given on each of the issues addressed in the Guideline: MSD prevention as part of an occupational health and safety programme; creating a foundation for a successful MSD prevention programme; understanding and recognition of MSD hazards; conducting an MSD risk assessment; choice and implementation of control measures; follow-up and evaluation of controls; communication of results.
Industrial Accident Prevention Association (IAPA), Centre for Health & Safety Innovation, 5110 Creekbank Road, Suite 300, Mississauga, Ontario, L4W 0A1, Canada, 2007. 71p. Illus. 33 ref. PDF document.
http://www.iapa.ca/documents/MSD_Manuel_resources_fr.pdf [in French]
http://www.iapa.ca/documents/msd_2006_guideline_ontario_resource_manual.pdf [in English]
Occupational Health and safety Council of Ontario
MSD prevention guideline for Ontario
Lignes directrices de prévention des TMS pour l'Ontario [in French]
The primary purpose of this guide is to provide Ontario's employers and workers with information and advice on a recommended generic framework for preventing musculoskeletal disorders (MSD) in the workplace. Contents: definition of MSD; MSD prevention as part of an occupational health and safety programme; creating a foundation for a successful MSD prevention programme; understanding MSD hazards (forces on the body, awkward posture, repetition); recognizing MSD hazards and related concerns; conducting an MSD risk assessment; choice and implementation of control measures; follow-up and evaluation of controls; communication of results. See CIS 07-491 for the resource manual accompanying this guide.
Industrial Accident Prevention Association (IAPA), Centre for Health & Safety Innovation, 5110 Creekbank Road, Suite 300, Mississauga, Ontario, L4W 0A1, Canada, 2007. 29p. Illus. 9 ref. PDF document.
http://www.iapa.ca/documents/MSD_Lignes_directrices.pdf [in French]
http://www.iapa.ca/documents/msd_2006_guideline_ontario.pdf [in English]
Labour and the environment: A natural synergy
This document is a joint publication by UNEP, the ILO and workers and trade unions and was an outcome of the Trade Union Assembly on Labour and the Environment (WILL 2006) held at UNEP's headquarters in Nairobi, Kenya, on 15-17 January 2006. It presents examples of the application of technical expertise, of workplace participation, and of tools that promote workers' health and safety to problems that extend beyond the workplace into areas such as environmental protection, public health and the accountability of employers. Examples are cited of the incorporation of environmental matters in collective bargaining and in agreements at the workplace, nationally and internationally. It is argued that the protection of the environment and ecosystem and ensuring decent jobs should be treated as common sustainable development policy objectives.
Major Groups and Stakeholders Branch (MGSB), Division of Regional Cooperation (DRC), United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP), P. O. Box. 30552 Nairobi, Kenya, 2007. xiv, 138p. Illus. Bibl.ref. Available from Earthprint.com (http://www.earthprint.com).
http://www.unep.org/labour_environment/PDFs/UNEP-labour-env-synergy.pdf [in English]
Initiative Neue Qualität der Arbeit (inqua.de)
Healthy health care practices in pensioners' homes
Gesund Pflegen in der Altenpflege [in German]
This report presents an analysis of work organization and workload among workers of two pensioners' homes. A survey of the workers subsequently enabled implementing measures aimed at reducing their workload.
Bundesanstalt für Arbeitsschutz und Arbeitsmedizin , Friedrich-Henkel Weg 1-25, 44149 Dortmund, Germany, 2nd ed., 2006. 96p. 55 ref. Price: EUR 5.00.
http://www.inqa.de/Inqa/Redaktion/TIKs/Gesund-Pflegen/PDF/inqa-bericht-16-iso,property=pdf,bereich=inqa,sprache=de,rwb=true.pdf [in German]
Klein B,, Gaugisch P.
Initiative Neue Qualität der Arbeit (inqua.de)
Good work organization in pensioners' homes
Gute Arbeitsgestaltung in der Altenpflege [in German]
This booklet presents the results of a project aimed at using a self-appraisal system for improving working conditions in the sector of care to the elderly. It also shows how it is possible to obtain workers' participation in improving their working conditions.
Bundesanstalt für Arbeitsschutz und Arbeitsmedizin , Friedrich-Henkel Weg 1-25, 44149 Dortmund, Germany, 2nd ed., 2006. 70p. Illus. 55 ref. Price: EUR 5.00.
http://www.inqa.de/Inqa/Redaktion/Projekt-Datenbank/PDF/selbstbewertung-als-partizipationsorientierte-und-nachhaltige-methode-abschlussbericht,property=pdf,bereich=inqa,sprache=de,rwb=true.pdf [in German]
Cameron I., Hare B., Duff R., Maloney B.
Health and Safety Executive
An investigation of approaches to worker engagement
This study describes approaches to worker engagement in the construction industry. The study involved an extensive literature review of methods used to engage construction workers in relation to the management of safety and health on site, followed by industry consultation via workshops before developing four intervention strategies to test on several sites. Surveys among workers combined with qualitative interviews found that three approaches successfully improve workers perceptions of worker engagement and the health and safety performance of management. The main findings are that informal methods of engagement were more successful than written approaches, and that investment in formal safety and health training resulted in more meaningful discussions. Further research is required to develop tools to measure worker engagement and the impact of the lack of fluency in English by an important proportion of workers.
HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 2WA, United Kingdom, 2006. xvi, 77p. Illus. 65 ref.
http://www.hse.gov.uk/research/rrpdf/rr516.pdf [in English]
Anderson G.M., Lorber R.L.
Safety 24/7 - Building an incident-free culture
Safety 24/7 - Construyendo una cultura sin incidentes [in Spanish]
Bezopasnost' 2477 - Sozdanie kul'tury bez incidentov [in Russian]
Safety 24/7 - Construire une culture zéro incident [in French]
According to the ILO, more than two million lives are lost each year in job- related accidents and illnesses, and another 268 million lost-time accidents occur globally. Aimed at managers who wish to build a strong culture of safety throughout their organization and supervisors who need to motivate teams to work safely, this manual presents a step-by-step approach to reduce incidents and injuries by building a behavior-based safety culture where individuals take personal responsibility for safety. It is presented in the form of a fictional story of a manager in an organization plagued with fatalities and injuries who is given 120 days to create a culture of safety. The English translation is available under ISN 111080.
Results in Learning, 201 Energy Parkway, Suite 240, Lafayette, LA 90508, USA, 2006. 134p. Illus. Price: USD 14.95.
Decree No.2006-1256 of 15 Nov. 2006 defining the responsibilities of employers with respect to occupational safety [Senegal]
Décret n°2006-1256 du 15 novembre 2006 fixant les obligations des employeurs en matière de sécurité au travail [Sénégal] [in French]
New Senegal legislation defining the responsibilities of employers with respect to occupational safety and health.
Journal officiel de la République du Sénégal, 19 May 2007, No.6347, 2851-2853. Also: PDF document from the site of the Réseau sénégalais "Droit, Éthique, Santé" (http://www.refer.sn/rds/).
http://www1.adie.sn/jo/article.php3?id_article=5884 [in French]
http://www.refer.sn/rds/IMG/pdf/c06-11-15SECURITETRAVAIL.pdf [in French]
Mandarás Platas E.
Management and the promotion of occupational safety and health
El mando y la promoción de la prevención [in Spanish]
This article explains how management can help promote occupational safety and health within Spanish enterprises. Promotional activities can involve one of three forms: integrated promotion (non-verbal communications, verbal communications, written communications and notice boards); specific promotional activities (safety and health campaigns, posters, competitions, events); promotion external to the enterprise.
Prevención, Oct.-Dec. 2006, No.178, p.18-36. Illus.
Géraut C., Tripodi D.
Prevention and compensation of occupational skin diseases
Réparation et prévention des dermatoses professionnelles [in French]
Occupational skin diseases often have important consequences for the employment of affected persons, which makes it essential to ensure their compensation in cases where preventive measures are not effective. Preventive measures against occupational skin diseases include collective measures such as the elimination of the allergen or irritant, but also a series of personal hygiene measures adapted to each task which need to be validated by the users themselves if they are not to go unheeded. Compensation and rehabilitation measures are complex given the wide range of approved occupational diseases and types of compensation, which are reviewed in this article.
Encyclopédie médico-chirurgicale, Toxicologie-Pathologie professionnelle, 3rd Quarter 2006, No.152, 10p. 9 ref.
Walker A., Hutton D.M.
The application of the psychological contract to workplace safety
Psychological contracts of safety are conceptualized as the beliefs of individuals about reciprocal safety obligations between employers and employees inferred from implicit or explicit promises. The objective of this study was to identify psychological contracts in the conversations of employees about safety. The participants were 131 employees attending safety training sessions in retail and manufacturing organizations. Non-participant observation was used to collect the data during safety training sessions. Content analysis was used to analyse and code the data. This enabled the compilation of comprehensive lists of perceived employer and employee safety obligations as a measure of psychological contracts of safety. A sample of 33 safety personnel was used to validate the safety obligations. Implications of these findings for safety and psychological contract research are discussed.
Journal of Safety Research, 2006, Vol.37, No.5, p.433-441. 54 ref.
Cadieux J., Roy M., Desmarais L.
A preliminary validation of a new measure of occupational health and safety
This article describes the validation of a questionnaire-based instrument designed to conduct an occupational health and safety (OHS) self-diagnosis using workers observations of tangible facts and actions in the workplace. The instrument places the emphasis on observable factors that make it possible to act proactively before accidents actually occur. The instrument was tested in three printing companies in Québec, selected on the basis of their OHS performance (low, medium, and high), their interest in the project and their availability. Altogether, 269 persons participated. Findings are discussed. The results suggest that the instrument is relatively robust and appropriate to diagnose OHS leading measures, although further improvements will be necessary to reach a fully satisfying level of validity.
Journal of Safety Research, 2006, Vol.37, No.4, p.413-419. Illus. 25 ref.
Murray M., Tilley N.
Promoting safety awareness in fishing communities through community arts: An action research project
Commercial fishing is a very dangerous industry. Traditionally safety education has focused on making fishermen aware of safety regulations and procedures. An alternative approach is to raise community awareness of safety issues and to consider both individual and collective strategies for improving safety in the industry. This article discusses of the use of drama, music and associated arts-based activities designed to promote safety awareness in three fishing communities in Newfoundland. Local residents planned and performed all of the activities. Discussions were subsequently conducted with key community leaders to clarify the process of implementing safety measures identified. The participants were very enthusiastic about the projects and keen to develop other similar activities in their communities.
Safety Science, Nov. 2006, Vol.44, No.9, p.797-808. Illus. 26 ref.
Best practices guide - Fundamentals of a workplace first-aid program
This OSHA guide identifies the four essential elements for first-aid programs to be effective: management leadership and employee involvement, worksite analysis, hazard prevention and control, and safety and health training. The guide details the primary components of a first-aid program at the workplace, which include: identifying and assessing workplace risks; designing a program that is specific to the worksite and complies with OSHA first-aid requirements; instructing all workers about the program, including what to do if a co-worker is injured or ill; evaluating and modifying program to keep it current, including regular assessment of the first-aid training course. The guide also includes best practices for planning and conducting safe and effective first-aid training.
Occupational Safety and Health Administration, 200 Constitution Avenue NW, Washington, DC 20210, USA, 2006. 23p. Illus. 12 ref.
http://www.osha.gov/Publications/OSHA3317first-aid.pdf [in English]
Rivilis I., Cole D.C., Frazer M.B., Kerr M.S., Wells R.P., Ibrahim S.
Evaluation of a participatory ergonomic intervention aimed at improving musculoskeletal health
Participatory ergonomic (PE) interventions have been increasingly used to deal with work-related musculoskeletal disorders (WMSD). This article describes a PE process launched at one depot of a large courier company, with a nearby depot serving as a control. Evaluations focused on 122 employees across the two depots who participated in both pre- and post-questionnaires. The evaluation consisted of assessing the process of implementation, changes in risk factors and changes in musculoskeletal health measures. Relationships were explored by means of partial and multiple regressions. Findings are discussed. It is concluded that a PE approach can improve risk factors related to WMSD, and meaningful worker participation in the process is an important aspect for the success of such interventions.
American Journal of Industrial Medicine, Oct. 2006, Vol.49, No.10, p.801-810. Illus. 36 ref.
Torp S., Moen B.E.
The effects of occupational health and safety management on work environment and health: A prospective study
All companies in Norway are required to have an occupational safety and health (OSH) management system. This study investigated the effects of implementing or improving OSH management on the work environment, safety behaviour and musculoskeletal health of workers in small and medium-sized companies. A one-year prospective cohort study, using self-administered questionnaires, was performed among the managers and blue-collar workers in 226 motor vehicle repair garages. Out of 1559 workers that responded at baseline, 721 workers could be identified at follow-up. The analysis focussed on these 721 workers. It was found that workers in companies with improved OSH management from baseline to follow-up reported increased satisfaction with the OSH activities at the garage, improved support from management and colleagues, improved health-related support and control and increased participation in OSH activities.
Applied Ergonomics, Nov. 2006, Vol.37, No.6, p.775-783. Illus. 39 ref.
Welfare of workers during the performance of their work
Le bien-être des travailleurs lors de l'exécution de leur travail [in French]
Het welzijn van de werknemers bij de uitvoering van hun werk [in Dutch]
Aimed at employers, this guide comments the Belgian Act of 4 August 1996 concerning the welfare of workers during the performance of their work (see CIS 97-1) and explains how to ensure its compliance within the enterprise. Contents: scope; definitions; general principles; risk prevention and occupational safety and health services; senior committee for risk prevention and protection at the place of work; provisions applicable to special work situations (subcontracting, temporary work); serious accident prevention measures; inspections; administrative and criminal sanctions.
Service public fédéral Emploi, Travail et Concertation sociale, rue Ernest Blerot I, 1070 Bruxelles, Belgium, 2006. 71p. Illus.
http://www.werk.belgie.be/WorkArea/showcontent.aspx?id=4288 [in Dutch]
http://www.emploi.belgique.be/WorkArea/showcontent.aspx?id=4288 [in French]
Health surveillance of workers
La surveillance de santé des travailleurs [in French]
Het gezondheidstoezicht op de werknemers [in Dutch]
Aimed at employers, this guide comments on the Belgian Royal Order of 28 May 2003 on the health monitoring of workers (see CIS 02-1511) and explains how to ensure its compliance within the enterprise. Topics addressed: objectives; responsibilities of employers, workers and safety committees; organization of health evaluation in practice; details of health evaluation; prohibition of work without a medical examination; cooperation and appeals; role of occupational physicians; special provisions for young workers, interns and pregnant women.
Service public fédéral Emploi, Travail et Concertation sociale, rue Ernest Blerot I, 1070 Bruxelles, Belgium, 2006. 48p. Illus.
http://www.emploi.belgique.be/WorkArea/showcontent.aspx?id=5942 [in French]
http://www.werk.belgie.be/WorkArea/showcontent.aspx?id=5102 [in Dutch]
Parker D., Lawrie M., Hudson P.
A framework for understanding the development of organisational safety culture
A framework for the development and maturation of organizational safety culture is described. The content of the framework was informed by 26 semi-structured interviews with experienced oil and gas company executives. The form of the framework is based on earlier studies of the typology of organizational cultures. The result is a set of short descriptions of each of a number of aspects of organizational safety at each of five levels of safety culture advancement. The framework was assessed for validity. Theoretical implications and possible applications of the framework are discussed.
Safety Science, July 2006, Vol.44, No.6, p.551-562. 32 ref.
Bourbonnais R., Brisson C., Vinet A., Vézina M., Lower A.
Development and implementation of a participative intervention to improve the psychosocial work environment and mental health in an acute care hospital
This article describes the development and implementation phases of a participative intervention aimed at reducing adverse psychosocial work factors and their mental health effects among 500 care providers in a Quebec hospital. A prior risk evaluation was performed and showed a high prevalence of adverse psychosocial factors and psychological distress among care providers compared to a reference population. Psychosocial variables at work associated with psychological distress were high psychological demands (prevalence ratio (PR)=2.27), low social support from supervisors and co-workers (PR=1.35), low reward (PR=2.92), and effort-reward imbalance (PR=2.65). Qualitative methods permitted the identification of 56 adverse conditions. It was decided to target interventions towards team work and team spirit, staffing processes, work organization, training, communication, and ergonomics. See CIS 07-1236 for an assessment of the effectiveness of the intervention.
Occupational and Environmental Medicine, May 2006, Vol.63, No.5, p.326-334. 40 ref.
Velásquez Castrillón C.A.
Working at height continues to claim lives. How can this be avoided?
El trabajo en alturas sigue cobrando vidas, ¿cómo evitarlo? [in Spanish]
Many efforts have been undertaken in Colombia to reduce the number of accidents involving falls from heights, and a technical regulation on work at heights is currently being prepared. In order to reduce the rate of accidents involving falls from heights, isolated actions are not sufficient. A structured intervention system should be adopted within the enterprise for identifying and evaluating the hazards, assigning responsibilities, developing internal rules, training the workers, carrying out inspections and recording the findings in a report. The broad outline of such a system is presented in this article.
Protección y seguridad, Sep.-Oct. 2006, Vol.52, No.309, p.50-51. Illus.
Emotional contract for the primary prevention of bullying
Le contrat émotionnel au service de la prévention primaire du harcèlement psychologique [in French]
This article proposes the "emotional contract" approach between employees and employers as a means of addressing the issue of bullying at the place of work. This is based on the commitment of employers to help employees identify all aspects of their work that contribute towards making the work experience more enjoyable, while employees commit to actively supporting this approach and to working productively.
Travail et santé, Dec. 2006, Vol.22, No.4, p.10-12. 7 ref.
Peters G.A., Peters B.J.
Human error - Causes and control
This manual provides information on theories, methods and specific techniques for controlling human error. It explores ideas, concepts and examples from which selections or interpretations may be made to fit the needs of a particular situation. It shows how the application and extension of known generic principles could help in the prevention of consumer error, worker fault, managerial mistakes and organizational blunders and explains how to adopt good practices by identifying human error, understanding its causes and adopting plans for its prevention. See also the manual indexed under CIS 06-1496, which provides supplemental information on engineering, managerial and medical errors for use with this book.
CRC Press, Taylor and Francis Group, 6000 Broken Sound Parkway NW, Suite 300, Boca Raton, FL 33487-2742, USA, 2006. 214p. 243 ref. Index. Price: GBP 39.99.
Delegnes J.C., Bregier G., Giraud T.
The single document five years after the decree - Analytical assessment and approaches
Le document unique 5 ans après le décret - Bilan analytique et méthodologies [in French]
Contents of this publication on the single document for the evaluation of occupational hazards required by French legislation: description of the global approach which includes generating awareness among employees as a function of the objectives set by management and ensuring their participation in the compilation of the single document; methodology; comments of the regional occupational disease insurance fund of Aquitaine and of various occupational hygiene, safety and working conditions committees; description of available computer-based tools.
Editions d'ergonomie, BP 138, 13267 Marseille cedex 08, France, 2006. 152p. Illus. 74 ref. Price: EUR 22.00.
Khai T.T., Kawakami T., Kogi K.
WIND (Work Improvement in Neighbourhood Development) Programme - How the programme has helped farmers build safe and healthy farms in the Mekong delta area, Vietnam
Agricultural workers include a particularly high proportion of unprotected workers, especially in developing countries. The ILO is promoting the development of a voluntary, participatory and action-oriented training programme called WIND (Work Improvement in Neighbourhood Development) for implementing practical improvements in agricultural households. The principles of the programme are support for local initiatives, multifaceted solutions to suit the local situation and step-by-step progress in the implementation of improvements. This article describes the implementation of a WIND programme aimed at improving occupational safety and health in the agricultural sector in the Mekong Delta region of Vietnam.
Asian-Pacific Newsletter on Occupational Health and Safety, Mar. 2006, Vol.13, No.1, p.10-13. Illus. 7 ref.
http://www.ttl.fi/NR/rdonlyres/40A4C040-6BE7-4DFC-858C-6D16C799DA53/0/Aasian_Pacific_Newsletter_12006.pdf [in English]
Kawakami T., Ujita Y.
National occupational safety and health programmes that can support safety and health culture at the workplace
The ILO Global Strategy on Occupational Safety and Health (OSH) adopted in 2003 (see CIS 05-54) highlights the building and maintenance of a national preventive safety and health culture as a major objective. A number of programmes were promoted in response, aimed at strengthening national OSH legislation, enforcement and information dissemination. This article describes several such programmes in Asia, involving small enterprises in Mongolia, small coal mines in China, construction sites in Cambodia and work improvement through neighbourhood development (WIND) in the agricultural sector in Vietnam (see CIS 07-818).
Asian-Pacific Newsletter on Occupational Health and Safety, Mar. 2006, Vol.13, No.1, p.4-7. Illus. 2 ref.
http://www.ttl.fi/NR/rdonlyres/40A4C040-6BE7-4DFC-858C-6D16C799DA53/0/Aasian_Pacific_Newsletter_12006.pdf [in English]
Positive - Report of pilot project on participatory OSH improvements by local initiative for factories in southern China
In this booklet, staff from the Hong Kong Workers' Health Centre describe their experiences in participatory occupational safety and health training in six factories in southern China, involved in leather, shoes, jewellery and garment industries, working closely with twelve volunteers from these factories.
Hong Kong Workers' Health Centre, Room 1429, 14/F Beverley Commercial Centre, 87-105 Chatham Road South, Hong Kong, SAR, China, ca 2006. 24p. Illus. 6 ref.
Good practices in safety, health and working conditions
This booklet comprises a collection of photographs showing best practices in safety, health and working conditions implemented by home workers, farmers and construction workers and managers in Cambodia, Mongolia, and Thailand. Workers attended participatory training workshops and implemented improvements using locally available low-cost materials.
ILO Publications, International Labour Office, 1211 Genève 22, Switzerland, 2006. 20p. Illus.
http://www.ilo.org/public/english/region/asro/bangkok/library/download/pub06-24.pdf [in English]
Participatory methods effective for ergonomic workplace improvement
Recent experiences in using participatory methods for ergonomic workplace improvement are reviewed with a focus on small enterprises, home workers, construction workers and farmers in Asian countries. To meet diversifying ergonomic needs, the participatory steps reviewed usually follow a good-practice approach easily adjustable to local needs and generally involving low-cost improvements. Typical areas include materials handling, workstation design, physical environment and work organization. Further, the review confirms that participatory methods are always modified according to each local situation. It is concluded that participatory methods adopting a good-practice approach are effective for improving small-scale workplaces, particularly in developing countries.
Applied Ergonomics, July 2006, Vol.37, No.4, p.547-554. Illus. 31 ref.
Vink P., Koningsveld E.A.P., Molenbroek J.F.
Positive outcomes of participatory ergonomics in terms of greater comfort and higher productivity
This literature survey focuses on the factors that enable participatory ergonomics to improve the working environment. Evidence is found in the literature that a positive approach has benefits in terms of shareholder value, productivity and comfort. Participation of end-users and management contributes to success. It is essential to have a good inventory of the problems, a structured approach, a steering group responsible for guidance and end-user involvement in the testing of ideas and prototypes. It is hypothesized that the chance of success increases with empowerment and positive experiences of end-users. Four cases of participatory ergonomics are presented, involving an office environment, installation work, assembly work and a construction site.
Applied Ergonomics, July 2006, Vol.37, No.4, p.537-546. Illus. 33 ref.
The fight against smoking in the enterprise
La lutte contre le tabagisme en entreprise [in French]
Contents of this comment on French legislation on smoking at the place of work: enforcement of the law on smoking prohibition at the place of work with the exception of premises that may be provided for this purpose; responsibilities of employers for enforcing the law, providing premises for smokers and ensuring penalties in order to protect employees against the effects of passive smoking; integrating the anti-smoking campaign into the overall effort to promote occupational safety and health.
Santé et Sécurité au Travail Actualités, Sep. 2006, No.93, p.5-6, 12. Illus. 1 ref.
Chambermaids - Safety and health in hotels
Femmes de chambre - La prévention s'invite dans les hôtels [in French]
This article describes the occupation of hotel chambermaid and examines the efforts undertaken by three Paris hotels to improve the ergonomics and working conditions of these workers. Measures involved the participation of the workers themselves and support from the occupational accident and disease insurance fund for the Ile-de-France region and the French National Occupational Safety and Health Institute (INRS). Improvements include ergonomic layouts of rooms, beds that can be raised by using a pedal, lighter bedding, lighter service carts and vacuum cleaners and the supply of ergonomically-designed cleaning accessories.
Travail et sécurité, Sep. 2006, No.665, p.18-26. Illus.
http://www.travail-et-securite.fr/ArchivesTS/ArchivesTS.nsf/(allDocParRef)/TS665page19_1/$File/TS665page19.pdf?OpenElement [in French]
Occupational cancers: Improving their prevention
Cancers professionnels: mieux les prévenir [in French]
Topics addressed in this article on the prevention of occupational cancers: risk factors; proportion of cancers that are due to occupational factors; compensation of occupational cancers; cost of occupational cancers; role of workers.
Prévention BTP, Oct. 2006, No.89, p.54-57. Illus. 3 ref.
François M., Liévin D.
Approach for the prevention of stress at work - Development of an organizational diagnosis
Démarche de prévention du stress au travail - La réalisation d'un diagnostic organisationnel [in French]
In response to requests from safety and health professionals and occupational physicians for advice on stress management within the enterprise, the INRS developed a method for the identification of groups of persons exposed to stress and the main factors likely to be the cause of stress. This article describes the development of the diagnostic method and its trial implementation in three establishments. The four stages of the method involve: project implementation, analysis of the structure and function of the enterprise, questionnaire survey of workers and presentation of results of the project. The diagnosis should be followed by the development and implementation of a plan of action.
Documents pour le médecin du travail, 3rd Quarter 2006, No.107, p.309-319. Illus. 22 ref.
http://www.dmt-prevention.fr/inrs-pub/inrs01.nsf/IntranetObject-accesParReference/TF%20150/$File/TF150.pdf [in French]
Morgaine K., Langley J.D., McGee R.O.
The FarmSafe programme in New Zealand: Process evaluation of year one (2003)
A national programme to raise awareness of safety issues for farm workers and reduce farm-related injuries (FarmSafe) has been implemented in New Zealand since 2002. This article describes the implementation of the first stage of this programme in 2003, presents findings from the process evaluation for the first stage, and places this evaluation in the context of a larger and longer-term evaluation programme. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with key members of the five agencies responsible for the programme, with workshop facilitators and with farm workers who had participated in the first stage workshops. The process evaluation showed that the programme was successful in achieving widespread participation in a safety training programme within an industry that is predominantly one of self-employment or small businesses and where there is geographical isolation.
Safety Science, Apr. 2006, Vol.44, No.4, p.359-371. Illus. 27 ref.
Layout of work premises
L'aménagement de locaux de travail [in French]
French labour laws require that the design and layout of workplaces ensure the protection of the well-being, health and safety of employees. Contents of this information sheet on the layout of work premises: obligation for employers to consult employee representatives for all questions relating to the layout of workplaces; legal framework; table summarizing the main regulations currently in force.
Santé et Sécurité au Travail Actualités, Jul.-Aug. 2006, No.92, p.5.
Le règlement intérieur [in French]
The internal rules of the enterprise specify the instructions for using work equipment and personal protective equipment and for working with dangerous substances and preparations. They are mandatory for all French enterprises with more than 20 employees. This information sheet covers the preparation of the rules and their content, together with the legal requirement to consult the workers' committee, to file them with the labour inspectorate, to display them in the enterprise and to distribute them to all new employees.
Santé et Sécurité au Travail Actualités, Feb. 2006, No.87, p.5.
Milczarek M., Szczecinńska K.
Workers' active involvement in the improvement of occupational safety and health in a textile enterprise - A case study
This article describes the implementation of the Polish-Swedish OSHMAN (Occupational safety and health management) project in a Polish textile and clothing plant. The aim of the project was to implement and improve effective health and safety management with the active involvement of workers at all levels of the enterprise. Training courses, workshops and various practical activities were undertaken. As expected, there were changes in work organization and improvements in the way workstations were looked after, which led to improvements in safety performance. Workers were highly committed during the project. Nevertheless it is concluded that more training should be directed at middle management.
International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics, 1st quarter 2006, Vol.12, No.1, p.69-77. Illus. 11 ref.
International Institute for Labour Studies (IILS)
Civil society, participatory governance and decent work objectives: The case of South Africa
This study presents the findings of a research project designed to better understand how civil society organizations, working within participatory governance structures, may contribute to the goals of the ILO Decent Work agenda. The South African experience is examined. The study focuses on three areas relevant to the Decent Work agenda: employment creation and poverty alleviation; health care and HIV/AIDS; and child labour. It investigates participatory processes set up at the national level to formulate and implement policies in these areas.
ILO Publications, International Labour Office, 1211 Genève 22, Switzerland, 2006. xii, 128p. 245 ref. Price: CHF 20.00.
http://www.ilo.org/public/english/bureau/inst/download/112.pdf [in English]
Prevention of occupational hazards. Mountain region tourist offices
Prévenir les risques professionnels. Offices de tourisme de montagne [in French]
This practical guide is based on the experience of five tourist offices of medium and high-altitude mountain resorts. Although it can be used in part by all tourist offices, it is primarily aimed at those located in mountainous regions. Its objective is to help identify hazards that are specific to each establishment unit or job, and highlights the need for collaboration among management, employees and supervisory boards.
Agence Nationale pour l'Amélioration des Conditions de Travail, 4, quai des Etroits, 69321 Lyon Cedex 05, France, Jan. 2006. 50p. Illus.
http://www.aravis.asso.fr/upload/files/FILE20060125112640_Guide%20PRP%20Office%20Tourisme.pdf [in French]
Creating healthy workplaces
This document shows that there are excellent legal and economic reasons to strive for a healthy workplace. While it requires some awareness and commitment on the part of employers and employees, the outcomes in terms of worker health, job satisfaction, employee morale and the company's productivity make it well worth the effort for all concerned. Contents: models of workplace health and safety; the physical work environment; health practices of employees; the psychosocial environment; the legal and business case for a healthy workplace; guidance on creating a healthy workplace.
Industrial Accident Prevention Association (IAPA), Centre for Health & Safety Innovation, 5110 Creekbank Road, Suite 300, Mississauga, Ontario L4W 0A1, Canada, 2006. 29p. Illus. 86 ref.
http://www.iapa.ca/pdf/2004_HWP_Healthy_Workplace_FINAL.pdf [in English]
The healthy workplace initiative: A new deal for a better workplace
This document shows how placing safety and health at the heart of the workplace can reduce the costs of injuries and ill health and improve productivity. It provides guidance for employers and employees on how to implement a healthy workplace initiative, focusing on workers' rights to safety and health, information and training of workers and risk assessment.
European Agency for Safety and Health at Work, Gran Vía 33, 48009 Bilbao, Spain, 2006. Internet document. 16p. Illus.
http://bookshop.europa.eu/eubookshop/FileCache/PUBPDF/TE7606001ENC/TE7606001ENC_002.pdf [in English]
Itani T., Tachi N., Kogi K., Hisanaga N., Hirata M., Araki S.
Occupational health in small-scale enterprises and the informal sector
This special issue contains an edited selection of articles on occupational health in small enterprises and the informal sector that were originally presented at an international symposium held in November 2004 in Nagoya, Japan. Articles are grouped under the following headings: strategies for innovative approaches to occupational health action in small enterprises; advances in rapid risk assessment and control; health promotion and healthy work life; effective prevention measures in small workplaces; present situations and activities in occupational health at small workplaces.
Industrial Health, Jan. 2006, Vol.44, No.1, p.1-168. Illus. Bibl.ref.
http://www.h.jniosh.go.jp/en/indu_hel/2006/index.html#no1 [in English]
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