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Workers' participation - 722 entries found

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2008

CIS 09-380 Teaching
Enseignement [in French]
Onderwijs [in Dutch]
This folder consists of the guide for the participative identification of hazards (Dépistage participatif des risques, Déparis) adapted to teaching. It contains the following documents: booklet presenting the SOBANE (screening, observation, analysis and expertise) strategy; leaflets inviting participants of different classes of employees to attend Déparis meetings and the corresponding Déparis participative guides applied to teaching; four Déparis participative guides applied to teaching; four companion checklists to the Déparis participative guides, aimed at apprentices in the woodworking, construction, health care and all other sectors; leaflet on the prevention of occupational hazards in teaching.
Service public fédéral Emploi, Travail et Concertation sociale, rue Ernest Blerot 1, 1070 Bruxelles, Belgium, 2008. Folder containing several booklets and leaflets. Illus.
http://www.emploi.belgique.be/WorkArea/showcontent.aspx?id=20178 [in French]
http://www.werk.belgie.be/WorkArea/showcontent.aspx?id=20178 [in Dutch]

CIS 09-379 Health care sector
Secteur des soins de santé [in French]
Gezondheidszorgsector [in Dutch]
This folder consists of the guide for the participative identification of hazards (Dépistage participatif des risques, Déparis) adapted to the health care sector. It contains the following documents: booklet presenting the SOBANE (screening, observation, analysis and expertise) strategy; leaflet inviting participants to attend a Déparis meeting; Déparis participative guide applied to the health care sector containing 18 tables addressing various aspects of the job.
Service public fédéral Emploi, Travail et Concertation sociale, rue Ernest Blerot 1, 1070 Bruxelles, Belgium, 2008. Folder containing several booklets and leaflets. Illus.
http://www.werk.belgie.be/WorkArea/showcontent.aspx?id=19480 [in Dutch]
http://www.emploi.belgique.be/WorkArea/showcontent.aspx?id=19778 [in French]

CIS 09-377 Day nurseries
Crèches [in French]
Kinderdagverblijven [in Dutch]
This folder consists of the guide for the participative identification of hazards (Dépistage participatif des risques, Déparis) adapted to day nurseries. It contains the following documents: booklet presenting the SOBANE (screening, observation, analysis and expertise) strategy; leaflet inviting participants to attend a Déparis meeting; Déparis participative guide applied to day nurseries containing 17 tables addressing various aspects of the job; leaflet presenting an available booklet on the prevention of backache in the infant care sector.
Service public fédéral Emploi, Travail et Concertation sociale, rue Ernest Blerot 1, 1070 Bruxelles, Belgium, 2008. Folder containing several booklets and leaflets. Illus.
http://www.werk.belgie.be/WorkArea/showcontent.aspx?id=19454 [in Dutch]
http://www.emploi.belgique.be/WorkArea/showcontent.aspx?id=19710 [in French]

CIS 09-375 Pensioners' homes
Maisons de repos [in French]
Rusthuizen [in Dutch]
This folder consists of the guide for the participative identification of hazards (Dépistage participatif des risques, Déparis) adapted to pensioners' homes. It contains the following documents: booklet presenting the SOBANE (screening, observation, analysis and expertise) strategy; leaflet inviting participants to attend a Déparis meeting; Déparis participative guide applied to pensioners' homes, containing 17 tables addressing various aspects of the job.
Service public fédéral Emploi, Travail et Concertation sociale, rue Ernest Blerot 1, 1070 Bruxelles, Belgium, 2008. Folder containing several booklets and leaflets. Illus.
http://www.emploi.belgique.be/WorkArea/showcontent.aspx?id=19754 [in French]
http://www.werk.belgie.be/WorkArea/showcontent.aspx?id=19468 [in Dutch]

CIS 09-374 Home care
Aide à domicile [in French]
Thuiszorg [in Dutch]
This folder consists of the guide for the participative identification of hazards (Dépistage participatif des risques, Déparis) adapted to the home care sector. It contains the following documents: booklet presenting the SOBANE (screening, observation, analysis and expertise) strategy; leaflet inviting participants to attend a Déparis meeting; Déparis participative guide applied to the home care sector containing 11 tables addressing various aspects of the job; companion checklist to the Déparis guide enabling the identification of specific hazards faced in the homes of persons benefiting from home care; leaflet presenting the PROXIMA project on conditions of work in the home care sector.
Service public fédéral Emploi, Travail et Concertation sociale, rue Ernest Blerot 1, 1070 Bruxelles, Belgium, 2008. Folder containing several booklets and leaflets. Illus.
http://www.emploi.belgique.be/WorkArea/showcontent.aspx?id=19680 [in French]
http://www.werk.belgie.be/WorkArea/showcontent.aspx?id=19444 [in Dutch]

CIS 09-314 Lastras González S., Fernández de la Monja V.I.
Role of occupational physicians in the control of the use of personal protective equipment and the resulting health issues
El médico del trabajo en el control del uso de equipos de protección individual y los problemas de la salud derivados [in Spanish]
All workers are exposed to a number of risks, most of them preventable in a collective manner, but in cases where these measures are not sufficient, the use of personal protective equipment (PPE) becomes necessary. These items are intended to be carried or worn by workers to protect them from risks that may threaten their safety or health in the workplace, but are however themselves also capable of creating their own effects on the safety and health of workers. For this reason, occupational physicians should monitor the health of workers, assessing the personal factors that might hinder the use of PPEs, inform and train workers on all matters relating to their use, choose the appropriate PPE for each worker and, above all, follow up to detect possible effects of the use of PPE, thus avoiding their nonuse.
Medicina y seguridad del trabajo, Sep. 2008, Vol.LIV, No.212, p.21-32. Illus. 10 ref.
http://scielo.isciii.es/pdf/mesetra/v54n212/especial2.pdf [in Spanish]

CIS 09-276 Takala J.
Healthy workplaces - Good for you. Good for business
Collection of articles on workplace risk assessment contributed by EU Member States to the campaign of the European Agency for safety and health at work. Main topics covered: risk assessment in SMEs and micro-businesses; risk assessment methods developed by countries (Netherlands, Austria, Slovenia, Finland, Switzerland); risk assessment of manual handling of hospital patients; risk assessment method for handling below-the-threshold quantities of hazardous substances; assessing the risks of work-related stress; financial benefits of effective risk assessment.
Magazine - European Agency for Safety and Health at Work / Agence européenne pour la sécurité et la santé au travail, 2008, No.11, p.1-48 (whole issue). Illus. Bibl.ref.
http://osha.europa.eu/en/publications/magazine/magazine11 [in English]

CIS 09-10 Blaise J.C., Liévin D.
Maintenance process: Experience feedback for risk factors
Processus de maintenance: retour d'expérience sur les facteurs de risques [in French]
Despite a trend towards an overall fall in the numbers of occupational accidents involving work equipment, maintenance is increasingly viewed as a risk-related activity. This article proposes a number of thoughts on the criticality of maintenance operations, based on a state-of-the-art study, supported by accident statistics. It then proposes a maintenance process analysis with a view to optimising identification of risk factors associated with these activities. This process analysis resulted in a generic model of a maintenance operation and its associated risk factors which formed the basis for a questionnaire-based experience feedback.
Cahiers de notes documentaires - Hygiène et sécurité du travail, 3rd Quarter 2008, No.212, p.29-41. Illus. 19 ref.
http://www.hst.fr/inrs-pub/inrs01.nsf/IntranetObject-accesParReference/HST_ND%202294/$File/nd2294.pdf [in French]

CIS 09-213 Hendrick H., Brown T.
Macroergonomics
This special issue is devoted to macroergonomics, which consists of a holistic approach to ergonomics. Main topics covered: macroergonomics and systems safety; knowledge sharing and expertise coordination; macroergonomic study of distribution centres of a food company; implementation of low-cost improvements in small workplaces; flexible workplace design and ergonomics training; participatory designs and approaches.
Applied Ergonomics, July 2008, Vol.39, No.4, p.415-538 (whole issue). Illus. Bibl.ref.

CIS 09-24
Health and Safety Executive
Involving your workforce in health and safety - Good practice for all workplaces
This guide is primarily aimed at medium to large employers who need to consult and involve their employees on health and safety matters. Small businesses may find the good practice helpful, particularly the case studies. Employees, their health and safety representatives and trade unions may also find the guide useful. The guide concentrates on good practice based on the Safety Representatives and Safety Committees Regulations 1977 (as amended, see CIS 77-1754), and the Health and Safety (Consultation with Employees) Regulations 1996 (as amended, see CIS 97-355).
HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 2WA, United Kingdom, Oct. 2008. x, 30p. Illus. 11 ref. Price: GBP 10.95.

CIS 09-23
Health and Safety Executive
Consulting employees on health and safety - A brief guide to the law
Aimed at employers, this information booklet explains the importance of consulting employees, what such consultation involves and on how it should take place. Topics covered: what information should be available; how regulations are enforced; role of safety and health representatives; role of trade unions; resolving labour disputes. Replaces CIS 96-1608.
HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 2WA, United Kingdom, Oct. 2008. 10p. Illus. 8 ref.
http://www.hse.gov.uk/pubns/indg232.pdf [in English]

CIS 09-12 Arocena P., Núñez I., Villanueva M.
The impact of prevention measures and organizational factors on occupational injuries
Based on a sample of 213 Spanish industrial establishments, this study analyses the impact of organizational factors and risk prevention practices on occupational injuries. Results show that the emphasis on the innovative dimensions of prevention activities, the intensive use of quality management tools and the empowerment of workers are all factors contributing to reduce the number of injuries. By contrast, the implementation of flexible manufacturing processes is associated with higher accident rates.
Safety Science, Nov. 2008, Vol.46, No.9, p.1369-1384. 34 ref.

CIS 08-1493 Clarke S., Flitcroft C.
Effects of transformational leadership on perceived safety climate: A longitudinal study
Transformational leadership consists of leading by example and motivating employees. Previous research has emphasised the importance of transformational leadership style in relation to occupational safety. However, much existing empirical evidence has been drawn from cross-sectional data, which does not allow causal interpretation of this relationship. The longitudinal study reported in this article involved a sample of 14 SMEs in North West England. Data were collected by means of questionnaires before and after a five-month safety training intervention. A significant lagged effect of transformational leadership style on employees' perceived safety climate was observed. In particular, the importance of motivation is highlighted. Practical implications for the design of safety interventions are discussed, and avenues for further research are proposed.
Journal of Occupational Health and Safety - Australia and New Zealand, June 2008, Vol.24, No.3, p.237-247. 46 ref.

CIS 08-1482 Bentley T., Tappin D.
Qualitative evaluation of a framework for understanding the development of organizational safety culture
This article presents findings of a study aimed at understanding factors contributing towards safety culture in New Zealand, based on the case of a specific enterprise. An attempt was made to qualitatively determine the level of a number of safety culture parameters and to evaluate the effectiveness of a recently-published framework for understanding safety culture. Methods included a qualitative survey involving two focus groups and semi-structured interviews with management, employee and contractor respondents. Key findings included low levels of employee involvement in OHS, shortcomings in communication in all aspects of OHS and a poor reporting culture. The framework was found to be an excellent tool for analysing safety culture.
Journal of Occupational Health and Safety - Australia and New Zealand, June 2008, Vol.24, No.3, p.213-220. 16 ref.

CIS 08-1078 Work-related musculoskeletal disorders: Prevention report
Musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs) are the most common work-related problem in Europe, with 25% of the EU-27 workers report suffering from backache and 23% complaining about muscular pains. First, there are preventive steps that have to be taken. But for workers who already have MSDs, the challenge is to maintain their employability, keep them working and, if necessary, reintegrate them into the workplace. The aim of this report was to evaluate the effectiveness of various interventions at the workplace and to provide practical examples with respect to successful prevention of MSDs. It focuses mainly on the developments that have taken place since the previous European MSDs Campaign in 2000.
European Agency for Safety and Health at Work, Gran Vía 33, 48009 Bilbao, Spain, 2008. 105p. Illus. 19 ref. Price: EUR 25.00. Downloadable version free of charge
http://osha.europa.eu/en/publications/reports/TE8107132ENC [in English]

CIS 08-1104
Health and Safety Executive
Play your part! How offshore workers can help improve health and safety
This booklet on safety and health in the offshore oil sector is aimed at operators, contractors, trade unions, safety representatives and individual employees. It offers advice on implementing management systems that encourage a culture that values constructive engagement with the workforce. It focuses on the four key principles of control, competence, cooperation and communication. In addition, it features a number of case studies that illustrate the benefits that a positive approach to worker involvement can bring as well as what can go wrong in the absence of such an approach. Replaces CIS 97-854.
HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 2WA, United Kingdom, Jan. 2008. 23p. Illus.
http://www.hse.gov.uk/pubns/indg421.pdf [in English]

CIS 08-841 Walter L.
Worthington puts wellness to work
This article describes the wellness promotion efforts of a steel processing enterprise employing around 8000 workers at 68 sites within the United States and in 10 other countries. At their headquarters, the company operates a gym, a medical centre and a pharmacy. It offers a choice of health care plan options and the chance to participate in a voluntary wellness programme. Employees who voluntarily participate in the programme first undergo a health screening. Participation involves monetary benefits in health insurance costs. Moderate and high-risk employees must acquire two points per quarter to maintain their presence in the programme. To earn points, participants can choose from a variety of options, such as completing an online healthy living programme, participating in the company wellness challenge or joining a weight management or smoking cessation programme. The company employs a dietician, who is on hand to help employees evaluate their food choices, convert recipes into healthier versions and promote smoking cessation. Two full-time personal trainers at the company's fitness facilities help employees develop exercise plans. Other features of the programme are discussed.
Occupational Hazards, Apr. 2008, p.22-28. Illus.

CIS 08-894 Andersen E.
Automating health and safety processes creates value
This article deals with the use of business process automation (BPA) into the occupational safety and health area. In practice, technology-enabled BPA provides safety and health with the tools necessary to improve overall safety and health and prevent occupational injuries. For example, by ensuring that managers and supervisors are receiving regular reports on the effectiveness of current risk mitigation activities, those individuals can make changes to the jobs or processes that are driving injury-related losses. In addition, some of this information can be funneled directly to employees in the form of personalized communication and information about risk avoidance and mitigation, based on the level and type of risk each employee faces in a specific environment. This information empowers each employee to make behavioral changes independently without any expert intervention.
Occupational Hazards, Apr. 2008, No.31, p.53-55. Illus.

CIS 08-982 Beckers D.G.J., van der Linden D., Smulders P.G.W., Kompier M.A.J., Taris T.W., Geurts S.E.A.
Voluntary or involuntary? Control over overtime and rewards for overtime in relation to fatigue and work satisfaction
This study aimed to examine whether the relationship between overtime and well-being is influenced by the voluntary vs. involuntary (i.e. compulsory) nature of overtime work and by the presence or absence of rewards for overtime. It also explored the prevalence of these types of overtime and how they were related to work and personal characteristics. A survey was conducted among a representative sample of 1612 full-time employees in the Netherlands. Variance analysis was used to compare rewarded and unrewarded, voluntary and involuntary overtime workers on personal and work characteristics, fatigue and work satisfaction. Findings are discussed. It is concluded that control over overtime and rewards for overtime are important for well-being. Moderate overtime work may not be a problem if it is done voluntarily. Moreover, the negative effects of compulsory overtime work may be partly offset by fair compensation.
Work and Stress, Jan.-Mar. 2008, Vol.22, No.1, p.33-50. Illus. 47 ref.

CIS 08-977 Ergonomics for the prevention of musculoskeletal disorders - Guidelines for shipyards
A major component of OSHA's approach to ergonomics is the development of industry-specific and task-specific guidelines to reduce and prevent workplace musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs). These voluntary guidelines provide recommendations for shipyards to help reduce the number and severity of work-related MSDs, increase employer and employee awareness of ergonomic risk factors, eliminate unsafe work practices, alleviate muscle fatigue and increase productivity. In order to develop these guidelines, OSHA reviewed existing ergonomic practices in several shipyards, conducted site visits to observe these practices in action, and interviewed employees in shipyards. In addition, the Agency reviewed available scientific information regarding shipyard work activities that may benefit from implementing specific ergonomic solutions.
Publications U.S. Department of Labor, Occupational Safety and Health Administration, 200 Constitution Avenue, Washington, D.C. 20210, USA, Feb. 2008. 49p. Illus. 21 ref.
http://www.osha.gov/Publications/OSHA3341shipyard.pdf [in English]

CIS 08-903 Peters R.H., Vaught C., Hall E.E., Volkwein J.C.
Miners' views about personal dust monitors
Coal workers' pneumoconiosis is the leading cause of death due to occupational illness among U.S. coal miners. This disease is caused by miners' exposure to excessive levels of respirable coal mine dust. A personal dust monitor (PDM) was recently developed to provide near real-time feedback to miners regarding the level of respirable coal dust in the air they breathe. The main objective of this report is to document coal miners' reactions to this device and how they make use of the information it provides. It summarizes a field study by NIOSH that documented the opinions of 30 miners at 4 underground coal mines concerning the use of PDMs.
Publications Dissemination, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH), 4676 Columbia Parkway, Cincinnati, OH 45226-2001, USA, Feb. 2008. 47p. Illus. 40 ref.
http://www.cdc.gov/niosh/mining/pubs/pdfs/2008-110.pdf [in English]

CIS 08-774 Vaught C., Mallett L.G.
Guidelines for the development of a new miner training curriculum
This report is intended to help mine safety trainers better prepare to teach new underground coal miners who are entering the industry. The traditional approach is based on the use of a syllabus. Those using a syllabus are more likely to rely on lecturing or direct instruction. This is a good way to get across factual information, but does not provide a context within which miners can fit the discrete facts so that they form an integrated whole set of concepts, principles, and skills. An alternative approach to new miner training is to develop a curriculum, which may be defined as a plan of instruction that details what students are to know, how they are to learn it, what the teacher's role is, and the context in which learning and teaching will take place. A curriculum-based training will be more likely to help miners integrate concepts and skills that give them an overall picture of the complex mining environment and how they fit into the workplace.
Publications Dissemination, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH), 4676 Columbia Parkway, Cincinnati, OH 45226-2001, USA, Jan. 2008. 25p. 23 ref.
http://www.cdc.gov/niosh/mining/pubs/pdfs/2008-105.pdf [in English]

2007

CIS 10-0642 Miraglio M., Hunter P., Iucci L., Pinoargote P., Chiarabini A., De Koster A., Cairola E., Sims E., Bussy-Pestalozzi C., Chacko R., O'Neill F., Popello S.
International instruments and corporate social responsibility. A booklet to accompany training. The labour dimension of CSR: From principles to practice
Les instruments internationaux et la responsabilité sociale des entreprises. Manuel d'appui pour le programme de formation [in French]
Instrumentos internacionales y responsabilidad social de la empresa - Manual de apoyo al programa de formación [in Spanish]
This booklet describes the evolution of the concept of corporate social responsibility (CSR), the role that international organizations and the European Union play in this area and workplace initiatives. It explains in particular the three international frames of reference in the area of CSR, namely the ILO's Multinational enterprises (MNE) Declaration, the OECD Guidelines for Multinational Enterprises, and the United Nations Global Compact. Also available in French, Spanish an Arabic.
ILO Publications, International Labour Office, 1211 Genève 22, Switzerland, 2007. vii, 36p. Illus.
International_instruments.pdf [in English]
Les_instruments_internationaux.pdf [in French]
Instrumentos_internacionales.pdf [in Spanish]
International_instruments.pdf [in Arabic]

CIS 09-1193 Ahola K., Honkonen T., Virtanen M., Kivimäki M., Isometsä E., Aromaa A., Lönnqvist J.
Interventions in relation to occupational burnout: The population-based health 2000 study
The objective of this study was to evaluate the participation in burnout prevention interventions. Data were collected by means of questionnaires, structured interviews and the Finnish national register of psychopharmacological prescriptions in a representative sample of 3276 employees. When compared with employees free of burnout, the odds ratio of severe burnout for participation in occupational interventions was 0.41 and in individual-focused interventions 5.36. Antidepressant prescriptions were 2.53 times more common among those with severe burnout than among those without burnout after adjustment for depressive and anxiety disorders.
Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Sep. 2007, Vol.49, No.9, p.943-952. 60 ref.

CIS 09-768 Martínez Alcántara S.
Participatory research as a social practice, and its contribution to the workplace through the worker model
La investigación participativa como práctica social y su aportación al mundo laboral a través el modelo obrero [in Spanish]
Participatory research, also known as "action-oriented research" has made valuable theoretical and methodological contributions that allow exploring and transforming various social contexts, including health, education, communities, communication processes and work-related issues. One example of participatory research is the "Italian Worker Model", which has been implemented over time in diverse workplaces and social contexts.
Salud de los Trabajadores, July-Dec. 2007, Vol.15, No.2, p.107-117. 27 ref

CIS 09-604 Zecchi G.
Concerted action as an effective approach in applying the provisions of Legislative Decree 626/94 on musculoskeletal risks and disorders in dairies producing Parmigiano-Reggiano cheese: The experience of Reggio Emilia
La scelta della concertazione come approccio efficace nell'applicazione del D.Lgs. 626/94 in tema di rischi e danni muscoloscheletrici nei caseifici del Parmigiano-Reggiano: l'esperienza di Reggio Emilia [in Italian]
The dairy industry associated with the production of Parmigiano-Reggiano cheese currently comprises about 130 companies employing around 1000 workers. Most enterprises are small and use traditional methods of production involving much manual handling. The objective of this survey was to evaluate the validity and effectiveness of a concerted ergonomics approach in this sector as a means of satisfying the requirements of Italian legislation on the prevention of musculoskeletal risks. Findings are discussed. While technological evolution in the last decade has provided new and useful tools for eliminating or limiting risk factors, these aids are still poorly distributed, especially in small businesses.
Prevenzione oggi, 3rd quarter 2007, Vol.3, No.3, p.5-21. Illus. 10 ref.
http://prevenzioneoggi.ispesl.it/pdf%5Cric2007_03_1_it.pdf [in Italian]
http://prevenzioneoggi.ispesl.it/pdf%5Cric2007_03_1_en.pdf [in English]

CIS 09-378 Services sector
Secteur tertiaire [in French]
Tertiaire sector [in Dutch]
This folder consists of the guide for the participative identification of hazards (Dépistage participatif des risques, Déparis) adapted to the services sector. It contains the following documents: booklet presenting the SOBANE (screening, observation, analysis and expertise) strategy; leaflet inviting participants to attend a Déparis meeting; Déparis participative guide applied to the services sector containing 16 tables addressing various aspects of the job.
Service public fédéral Emploi, Travail et Concertation sociale, rue Ernest Blerot 1, 1070 Bruxelles, Belgium, 2007. Folder containing several booklets and leaflets. Illus.
http://www.werk.belgie.be/WorkArea/showcontent.aspx?id=19486 [in Dutch]
http://www.emploi.belgique.be/WorkArea/showcontent.aspx?id=19786 [in French]

CIS 09-376 Telework from home
Télétravail à domicile [in French]
Telethuiswerk [in Dutch]
This folder consists of the guide for the participative identification of hazards (Dépistage participatif des risques, Déparis) adapted to the services sectors in which workers are engaged in teleworking from their home. It contains the following documents: booklet presenting the SOBANE (screening, observation, analysis and expertise) strategy; leaflet inviting participants to attend a Déparis meeting; Déparis participative guide applied to teleworking from home, containing 16 tables addressing 16 aspects of this type of work; companion checklist to the Déparis guide enabling the teleworkers to take into account the conditions of working from their homes; leaflet available booklets on the topic of teleworking.
Service public fédéral Emploi, Travail et Concertation sociale, rue Ernest Blerot 1, 1070 Bruxelles, Belgium, 2007. Folder containing several booklets and leaflets. Illus.
http://www.emploi.belgique.be/WorkArea/showcontent.aspx?id=19252 [in French]
/http://www.werk.belgie.be/WorkArea/showcontent.aspx?id=19252 [in Dutch]

CIS 08-1499 Poxon B., Coupar W., Findlay J., Luckhurst D., Stevens R., Webster J.
Health and Safety Executive
Using soft people skills to improve worker involvement in health and safety
The involvement of workers is central to the achievement of improved enterprise performance across many dimensions, including that of effective safety and health management. Many organizations claim that worker involvement in their decision-making and management has resulted in quantifiable benefits, such as improved change management, more responsive customer service provision, better dispute resolution, reduced labour turnover, and reduced sickness absence and accident rate. The objective of this study was to investigate organizational cultures which create the capacity for effective employee involvement in safety and health. It involved studying ten organizations with widely differing organizational cultures. It was concluded that the most decisive factor in this process was the creation, support and sustenance of a dialogue culture within the organizations.
HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 2WA, United Kingdom, 2007. iv, 33p. Illus.
http://www.hse.gov.uk/research/rrpdf/rr580.pdf [in English]

CIS 08-1024 Bertin J., Chevallet R., Rouilleault H., Jaouen M., Sarazin B., Baradat D., Martinet N., Bossard P., Dewanckel E., Bugand L., Lepetit M., Levy E., de Looze M.
Organization at the core of investment projects
L'organisation au cœur des projets d'investissement [in French]
Collection of articles on the organization of investment projects. Topics addressed: workers' participation; opinions of an enterprise manager, a trade association and an ergonomics research scientist; approaches adopted by a centre for handicapped persons, an automotive component manufacturer, a food products manufacturer and an insurance firm; system for assisting SMEs in a region of France; computer-based tool allowing collaborative approaches for the improvement of production systems; main points to consider with respect to the management of investment projects; further reading.
Travail & changement, Mar.-Apr. 2007, No.313, p.1-15 (whole issue). Illus. Bibl.ref.
http://www.actal.aract.fr/RessourcesSite/TC/TC313.pdf [in French]

CIS 08-1075 Malchaire J.
Participative strategy for the management of musculoskeletal disorders in industry
Eine partizipative Managementstrategie zur Prävention von Muskel- und Skelett-Erkrankungen in der Industrie [in German]
Stratégie participative pour la gestion des troubles musculo-squelettiques dans l'industrie [in French]
Estrategia participativa para la gestión de trastornos musculoesqueléticos en la industria [in Spanish]
Musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs) are the most common of all reported work-related health problems in the European Union. This article presents a cost-effective strategy in four stages of increasing complexity - the so-called SOBANE strategy - for the prevention of MSDs. This participative strategy for risk prevention involves the following four steps: screening, observation, analysis and expertise. .
Magazine - European Agency for Safety and Health at Work / Agence européenne pour la sécurité et la santé au travail, 2007, No.10, p.11-14. Illus. 7 ref.
http://osha.europa.eu/es/publications/magazine/10 [in Spanish]
http://osha.europa.eu/de/publications/magazine/10 [in German]
http://osha.europa.eu/en/publications/magazine/10 [in English]
http://osha.europa.eu/fr/publications/magazine/10 [in French]

CIS 08-999 Identify psychosocial hazards - Indicators that will help you
Dépister les risques psychosociaux - Des indicateurs pour vous aider [in French]
The objective of this guide is to help identify psychosocial risk factors based on available data within the enterprise. To facilitate this screening work, a number of indicators are proposed, based on enterprise organizational factors or on the safety and health of employees. This guide will allow further work to be done and to instill a dialogue on the selection and definition of the most relevant screening indicators. This screening work will help implement steps aimed at hazard evaluation and prevention.
Institut national de recherche et de sécurité, 30 rue Olivier-Noyer, 75680 Paris Cedex 14, France, 2nd ed., Dec.. 2007. 47p. Illus. 10 ref. Price: EUR 6.50. Downloadable version free of charge.
http://www.inrs.fr/INRS-PUB/inrs01.nsf/inrs01_catalog_view_view/6A3C1AE70DD2631E412573AA002F880E/$FILE/ed6012.pdf [in French]

CIS 08-860 Colosio C., Kawakami T., Khai T.T., Kogi K., Tong L., Kannitha Y., Vanna C., Hamedon T.R., Wang S., Siriruttanapruk S., Lee K.S., Kim K.R., Kim H.C., Kim K.S.
Agriculture
Contents of this collection of articles on occupational safety and health in agriculture of relevance to countries in the Asian-Pacific region: practical application of the work improvement in neighbourhood protection (WIND) programme; participatory approaches to improving safety and health of farmers in Cambodia; occupational safety and health challenges in agriculture in Malaysia; occupational health in agriculture in China; improving occupational health of farmers through primary health care units in rural districts in Thailand; governmental intervention of the Republic of Korea in agricultural safety and health.
Asian-Pacific Newsletter on Occupational Health and Safety, Dec. 2007, Vol.14, No.3, p.50-71 (whole issue). Illus. Bibl.ref.
http://www.ttl.fi/NR/rdonlyres/033A86C5-E1C2-4593-B940-9BFD522CA995/0/newsletter_3_2007.pdf [in English]

CIS 08-845 Musculoskeletal disorders - An ill-understood "pandemic"
Les troubles musculosquelettiques - Une "pandémie" mal comprise [in French]
The three letters "MSD" mask the leading cause of occupational illness in Europe: musculoskeletal disorders. According to a wide European survey on working conditions, 25% of European workers suffer from back pain and 23% from muscular pain. These particularly incapacitating pathologies seriously undermine the physical and psychological health of victims, to say nothing of their economic consequences at both individual and community level. Workers suffering from MSD very often have to change profession or even quit working prematurely. This booklet presents a summary of the current scientific knowledge of this complex group of pathologies, examines the connection between MSD and changes in the organization of work and proposes ideas for trade union mobilization against this exploding health problem.
European Trade Union Institute for Research, Health and Safety, Boulevard du Roi Albert II, 5 box 4, 1210 Bruxelles, Belgium, 2007. 54p. Illus. 50 ref. Price: EUR 10.00.

CIS 08-975 Helin K., Viitaniemi J., Aromaa S., Montonen J, Evilä T., Leino S.P., Määttä T.
VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland
OSKU digital human model in the participatory design approach - A new tool to improve work tasks and workplaces
The objective of this study was to develop a new digital human model based on a participatory approach, to be used as an evaluation tool concurrently with production design for improving manual work tasks. The tool is built from an expandable database of the main human motions, together with ergonomic analyses. It was validated in the laboratory and in several industrial enterprises, where workers were asked to identify workplace and work task problems, and to suggest alternative solutions to control physical workload and to increase productivity. These postures and motions were analyzed and fed into the database. The tool is still undergoing development.
VTT Information Service, P.O.Box 2000, 02044 VTT, Finland, 2007. 40p. Illus. 37 ref.
http://www.vtt.fi/inf/pdf/workingpapers/2007/W83.pdf [in English]

CIS 08-541 Gutiérrez J.M.
Behaviour-based safety
Seguridad basada en la conducta [in Spanish]
This article presents the process of behaviour-based safety, a method based on observation and feedback. Workers observe how various tasks are carried out by their colleagues, and positive or negative remarks are discussed with the objective of improving safety within the enterprise. The behaviour-based safety method includes four key elements: workers' participation and management involvement; systematic approach; observation walks within the enterprise aimed at improving working methods; positive feedback.
Prevención, Oct.-Dec. 2007, No.182, p.20-26. Illus.
http://documentacion.apa.es/pdfs/revista/P182_2.pdf [in Spanish]

CIS 08-507
Ministerio de trabajo y asuntos sociales
Construction sites - Royal Decree 1627/1997 (24 October) [Spain]
Obras de construcción - Real Decreto 1627/1997, de 24 de octubre [España] [in Spanish]
Full text of the Royal Decree 1627/1997 (24 October) establishing the minimum safety and health requirements for construction sites (CIS 97-1776) modified by Royal Decree 2177/2007 (12 November), Royal Decree 604/2006 (19 May) and Royal Decree 1109/2007 (24 August). Contents: scope; definitions; measures to be taken during different stages of the work, in particular the appointment of health and safety co-ordinators and the development of a health and safety plan; responsibilities of contractors, sub-contractors and self-employed workers; maintenance of incident records; rights of workers to information and consultation.
Instituto Nacional de Seguridad e Higiene en el Trabajo, c/Torrelaguna 73, 28027 Madrid, Spain, 2007. 24p.
http://www.insht.es/InshtWeb/Contenidos/Normativa/TextosLegales/RD/1997/1627_97/PDFs/realdecreto16271997de24deoctubreporelqueseestablecend.pdf [in Spanish]

CIS 08-537 Protect your employees with an exposure control plan
NIOSH researchers visited a number of prisons and jails to learn more about current practices and procedures being used to protect health care workers from blood-borne diseases. This leaflet provides tips to medical service administrators and supervisors for improving the plans aimed at protecting workers from exposure to blood-borne pathogens, which are required by OSHA. These tips include information on the exposure control plan, workers' participation in the selection of equipment, supply and use of personal protective equipment and designating persons responsible for the implementation of the plan and of the vaccination policy.
Publications Dissemination, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH), 4676 Columbia Parkway, Cincinnati, OH 45226-2001, USA, Sep. 2007. 2p. Illus.
http://www.cdc.gov/niosh/docs/2007-158/pdfs/2007-158.pdf [in English]

CIS 08-602 Hämäläinen R.M., Dijkmann A., Ásgeirsdóttir Á.G., Van den Broek K., Haratau T., Kuhn K., Masanotti G., Pyżalski J., van Scheppingen A., Solé M.D., Ylikoski M.
Value of partnership for workplace health promotion - Guideline for partnership building
The concept of workplace health promotion (WHP) includes all the processes and structures in an organization that are directed at improving and developing work environment in order to optimize workers' health, work ability, and well-being. This guide to WHP explores the various aspects of partnership and partnership building between employers and employees. It provides a description of nine examples of partnership development processes in European countries, on topics such as disability management, assessment of physical work capacity, ageing of the workforce, information dissemination on health and safety at work, developing a health plan, implementation of integrated health management for small and medium sized enterprises, and training of occupational health practitioners.
Finnish Institute of Occupational Health, FIOH-Bookstore, Topeliuksenkatu 41 a A, 00250 Helsinki, Finland, 2007. 64p. Illus. 35 ref. Price: EUR 19.00.

CIS 08-750 Chouanière D., Langevin V., Guibert A.
Occupational stress - Steps of a prevention approach
Stress au travail - Les étapes d'une démarche de prévention [in French]
This guide on stress in occupational settings is aimed at all persons responsible for occupational safety and health within the enterprise. It proposes a six-step prevention approach: pre-diagnosis; putting together a project team; comprehensive diagnosis; communication of the findings; developing and implementing an action plan; follow-up. For each of the steps, it includes examples and comments from users.
Institut national de recherche et de sécurité, 30 rue Olivier-Noyer, 75680 Paris Cedex 14, France, July 2007. 31p. Illus. Price: EUR 6.50. Downloadable version free of charge.
http://www.inrs.fr/INRS-PUB/inrs01.nsf/inrs01_catalog_view_view/20A95EE4C784D534C125732300436E60/$FILE/ed6011.pdf [in French]

CIS 08-319 Aubertin G., Daïtta D., Drais E., Favaro M., Monteau M., Jey J.M., Richoux A., Colson M., Lamour J.R., Lanrivin J.R., Poizat J.P.
Occupational safety and health management - Define the milestones to reach your objectives
Management de la santé et de la sécurité au travail - Construire vos indicateurs pour atteindre vos objectifs [in French]
This booklet describes a participatory approach to be used by enterprises interested in designing and implementing occupational safety and health objectives and milestones. The information supplied contributes directly to the design of information systems for steering the prevention of occupational hazards (diagnosis of the situation, implementation of the evaluation and control mechanisms, etc.). Reference to CIS 08-262.
Institut national de recherche et de sécurité, 30 rue Olivier-Noyer, 75680 Paris Cedex 14, France, Apr. 2007. 8p. Illus. 7 ref. Price: EUR 2.50.
http://www.inrs.fr/inrs-pub/inrs01.nsf/inrs01_search_view/CE6634269F6ACAB8C12572DD0042C863/$File/ed6013.pdf [in French]

CIS 08-322 Evaluate safety and health management in your enterprise
Evaluez la gestion de la santé et de la sécurité dans votre entreprise [in French]
The purpose of this downloadable tool is to evaluate the current degree of safety and health management within the enterprise, to identify its strengths and weaknesses and to assess how it is perceived by employees. The evaluation system involves 20 occupational safety and health topics. Beyond the rating itself, the usefulness of the approach lies in its ability to highlight the interactions between the various categories of users.
Institut national de recherche et de sécurité, 30 rue Olivier-Noyer, 75680 Paris Cedex 14, France, June 2007. Microsoft Excel file. Can be downloaded from http://www.inrs.fr/

CIS 08-262 Occupational safety and health management - Optimize your management through the use of relevant objectives and milestones
Management de la santé et de la sécurité au travail - Optimisez votre gestion par des objectifs et des indicateurs pertinents [in French]
Production and quality need to be managed. This is also the case for safety and health. In order to transform hazard evaluation into a continuous improvement effort, it is necessary to set objectives and to assess their fulfilment over time. This requires using a control panel with the input of various indicators. This system needs to fit within a broader occupational safety and health management system. The booklet analysed under CIS 08-319 explains how to select and apply such indicators.
Institut national de recherche et de sécurité, 30 rue Olivier-Noyer, 75680 Paris Cedex 14, France, Apr. 2007. 6p. Illus. 6 ref. Price: EUR 1.50.
http://www.inrs.fr/inrs-pub/inrs01.nsf/inrs01_search_view/A9EEA7ABE6780BA9C12572DD0042C95F/$File/ed6014.pdf [in French]

CIS 08-290 Pérusse M., Gamache M.
OSH management systems - A Canadian standard
Système de gestion de la SST - Une norme canadienne [in French]
Since 1999, there has been a proliferation of standards on occupational safety and health (OSH) management systems. Following an overview of the main existing OSH management systems, namely ANSI Z10, OHSAS 18001 and ILO-OSH 2001 (see CIS 02-162), this article describes the efforts undertaken in view of developing a Canadian standard in this area. These efforts have led to the publishing of the CSA Z1000-06 standard, which came into effect in 2006. The main specific features of this standard are discussed.
Travail et santé, June 2007, Vol.23, No.2, p.40-44. Illus. 8 ref.

CIS 08-35 Domínguez Fernández M., Gabilondo Larrañaga E., Fernández Gómez E., Muñoz Fernández J., Rico Alonso F.
Employee participation in the evaluation of occupational hazards
Implicación de las personas en la evaluación de riesgos laborales [in Spanish]
The objective of this study was to evaluate occupational hazards in hospital operating theatres. The SOBANE methodology (screening, observation, analysis and expertise, see CIS 03-632) was adopted, which involves the participation of staff. It allowed obtaining specific information leading to the implementation of corrective measures. A high level of satisfaction (87%) was obtained. Findings are discussed.
Medicina y seguridad del trabajo, Apr. 2007, Vol.LII, No.206, p.15-20. Illus. 8 ref.

CIS 08-229 Carlton O.
Station assistance
This article presents the London Underground's Health Improvement Plan, focusing primarily on the work the transport provider's occupational health team has done on stress, anxiety and depression, and on empowering employees to address and improve their own health issues. The programme involved workplace stress risk assessments, voluntary health checks, face-to-face counselling, the distribution of educational materials in the form of booklets on diabetes and stress, workshops and surveys.
Safety and Health Practitioner, Aug. 2007, Vol.25, No.8, p.35-38. Illus. 2 ref.

CIS 08-146 Korpi A., Lappalainen S., Kaliste E., Kalliokoski P., Reijula K., Pasanen A.L.
Controlling occupational allergies in the workplace
A systematic and comprehensive approach to assessing and managing allergen risks at workplaces has been developed. It relies on the cooperation and active communication during the whole process between management, employees and health care personnel, with the assistance of experts when needed. In addition to gathering background information, including allergic symptoms, through questionnaires addressed to the management and employees, hazard identification is also processed in the workplace through observations and measurements. The process must be carefully planned and documented to allow later follow-up and re- evaluation.
International Journal of Occupational Medicine and Environmental Health, 2nd Quarter 2007, Vol.20, No.2, p.107-115. Illus. 39 ref.

CIS 08-41 Verón H.O.
Ministerio de trabajo, empleo y seguridad social
Contributions to the debate on the reform of the law on occupational hazards: Workers' participation as an instrument for the promotion of social dialogue
Aportes para el debate de la reforma de la ley de riesgos del trabajo: La participación como instrumento de promición al diálogo social [in Spanish]
Proceedings of a one-day conference on workers' participation in occupational safety and health, held in Buenos Aires, Argentina, on 14 August 2006. The aim of this conference was to contribute to the debate on this issue in light of the planned changes to the Argentine Law on hazards at work (97-1412). Papers were grouped in the following three sessions: background to the debate; safety and health systems; workers' participation as one of the pillars of occupational safety and health. The presentations included examples of systems adopted in other countries or regions, namely Germany, Venezuela, Chile, Central America, the Caribbean, Mexico and Brazil.
Superintendencia de Riesgos del Trabajo (SRT), Bartolomé Mitre 751, C1036AAM Ciudad Autónoma de Buenos Aires, Argentina, 2007. 136p.

CIS 08-233 Muchemedzi S.
Behaviour observation systems in occupational safety and health (OSH)
A safety and health behaviour observation system (BOS) is an important facet of a successful occupational accident prevention programme. This article explains why companies need a BOS, together with the steps involved in its implementation, namely: assessing cultural maturity or readiness for BOS; gaining support and ownership; behaviour safety training; specifying safety behaviours; establishing a baseline; observation and feedback process.
On Guard, June 2007, Vol.14, No.2, p.3-9. Illus.

CIS 08-19 A universal model for safety excellence
Senior executives seeking to improve safety results in their organizations continue to ask themselves why employees act unsafely and have accidents. This article argues that the basic reasons for poor safety performance lie with management, and include unclear vision, weak values, poor leadership, faulty organization, poor human relationships, inadequate communications, inaccurate measurement and lack of consequences. To achieve safety excellence, senior executives need to: clarify their vision; establish their values; demonstrate their leadership; assign key roles within their organizations; build trusting relationships; communicate performance expectations; measure important metrics; implement consequences (rewards and penalties) that drive desired behaviour and results.
Occupational Hazards, July 2007, p.49-55. Illus. 10 ref.

CIS 08-204 Brosseau L.M., Parker D., Samant Y., Pan W.
Mapping safety interventions in metalworking shops
This article discusses the selection of intervention activities designed to lower machine-related hazards and amputations in small metal fabrication businesses. Methods included an advisory board, employee discussions and pilot tests. A stepwise intervention mapping process was used to identify performance objectives, behavioural determinants and change objectives for two target populations (business owners and employees). Intervention activities for owners were designed to increase knowledge about machine safety, encourage adoption of safety procedures, and motivate improvements in machine guarding. Intervention activities aimed at employees focused on building knowledge and skills of health and safety committee members. The intervention mapping approach led to important insights about programme goals and intervention activities.
Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Mar. 2007, Vol.49, No.3, p.338-345. 42 ref.

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