Nutrition - 210 entries found
Your search criteria are
This book describes the pattern of work offshore and the medical problems which it generates and it is designed to healp the doctor who has to provide medical care for the expanding offshore oil industry. Chapters cover: introduction (geological exploration, drilling, production, communications and transport, hazards); legal aspects of safety, health and welfare on the United Kingdom continental shelf; pre-employment and periodic medical examinations; provisions of back-up services; offshore medical care; special problems (harmful substances, obesity, dust, drilling mud, welding, noise and vibration, trauma, infestations, endemic diseases, psychological disturbances, drugs and alcohol, drowning, hypothermia); diving; catering and hygiene; dental problems; investigation of accidents.
Springer-Verlag, Postfach 10 51 60, Haberstrasse 7, D-6900 Heidelberg 1, Federal Republic of Germany, 1982. 208p. Illus. Bibl. Price: US-$.35.60.
Alcoholism at the workplace
L'alcoolisme au travail [in French]
Texts of the papers read at the international symposium held in Brussels (Belgium) on 11 Feb. 1982. Subjects covered include: definitions of alcoholism and intervention strategy; the history of alcohol consumption in relation to the work environment; socio-economic aspects in relation to the individual; involvement and research - action in the working environment; alcoholism at the workplace in the Federal Republic of Germany; measures that the undertaking can take in relation to the individual; role of social institutions in working-environment policies; alcohol and work - the role of the State; the occupational physician and alcoholism problems at the workplace.
Association nationale pour la prévention des accidents, 88 rue Gachard, 1050 Bruxelles, Belgium, 1982. 178p. 99 ref.
Hospital health and safety
A United Kingdom trade-unionist (labour Research Department) view of the OSH conditions of the >1 million employees in the UK National Health Service hospitals and in private clinics, doctors' surgeries, etc. Role of the trade unions and of the Health and Safety Inspectorate; excerpts from recent comments of health and safety inspectors on hazards to hospital staff and protective measures (general safety policy; control of infection from patients; operating theatres; use of medical gases; collection and transport of biological specimens; labelling of "high-risk" specimens; laboratory workers; autoclave room; haematology and blood transfusion; post mortem rooms; use of explosive and flammable liquids and gases; x-ray department; engineers and works department; battery charging areas; laundries; catering), with appropriate reference to codes of practice, HSE literature, and sources of further information.
Bargaining Report, Jan.-Feb. 1982, No.18, p.12-14. 2 ref.
International Labour Conventions and Recommendations, 1919-1981
Texts of all the ILO Conventions and Recommendations arranged by subject, including those in the field of OSH - from the earliest (Maternity Protection Convention, 1919) to the latest (Occupational Safety and Health Convention, 1981). More than 40 Conventions, or revisions of Conventions, and 45 Recommendations, on OSH subjects were adopted by the ILO. They have been abstracted by CIS as from 1959. Subjects covered include: minimum age (night work, underground work, women, young persons, seafarers), night work in bakeries, dock work, rural workers, occupational cancer, crew accommodation, maximum weights (manual lifting and carrying), sick and injured seamen, building construction, food and catering (ships' crews), medical examinations (seafarers, young persons, fishermen), agriculture, plantations, machinery guarding, hygiene in commerce and offices, labour inspection, benzene, migrant workers, working environment (air pollution, noise, vibration), OSH in general, anthrax, lead poisoning, white phosphorus, hotels, theatres, hospitals, seamen's welfare in ports, medical care, ships' medicine chests, medical advice at sea by radio, radiation protection.
International Labour Office, 1211 Genève 22, Switzerland, 1982. 1167p. Price: SF.70.00.
Health effects of combined exposures in the work environment
Effets sur la santé de l'exposition professionnelle à des agressions multiples [in French]
Theoretical considerations on the effects of combined occupational exposure to multiple agents (physical, chemical, biological, psychosocial); current state of the art in this field: animal experiments, human observations (in particular the influence of factors such as medical treatment, smoking, alcohol intake, nutrition), epidemiological approach; practical implications for occupational health practice, standard-setting and research.
World Health Organization, 1211 Geneva 27, Switzerland, 1981. 76p. 171 ref. Price: SF.4.00.
Digest of occupational physiology - Basic ergonomics
Précis de physiologie du travail - Notions d'ergonomie [in French]
Contents: motricity; postures and movements; energy expenditure in man; energy needs of man at work; respiratory and circulatory adaptations in muscular work; autonomic neuro-glandular and hormonal regulatory systems - adaptation - agression; thermal environments; life and work in hot and cold climates; life and work at high altitudes; work in pressurised atmospheres; effects of vibration on man; physiological effects of accelerations; elements of psycho-physics of noise; hearing and effects of noise on the human body; vision and lighting; communication of information during work; circadian rhythms-sleep, night and day work; vigilance tasks and monotonous work; elements of ergonomic methodology; work and aging; sensory and perceptual aspects; occupational physiology and French legislation.
Editions Masson, 120 boulevard Saint-Germain, 75280 Paris Cedex 06, 2nd edition, 1981. 585p. Illus. Bibl.
Richter E.D., Gordon M., Halamish M., Gribetz B.
Death and injury in aerial spraying: Pre-crash, crash, and post-crash prevention strategies
A matrix of options based on safety precautions which can be taken in the aircraft, in the environment, in relation to the pilot, and by the ground crew in the pre-crash, crash and post-crash conditions is presented. Some important considerations are: aircraft cooling; filter systems to prevent exposure to parathion; provision of wire-cutting apparatus; elimination or marking of above-ground wires; neutralisation of parathion by sodium hydroxide during drainage; adequate fluid intake, medical screening and biological monitoring of pilots; cholinesterase monitoring of ground crew.
Aviation, Space, and Environmental Medicine, Jan. 1981, Vol.52, No.1, p.53-56. Illus. 13 ref.
Association interprofessionnelle des centres médicaux et sociaux de la région parisienne (ACMS)
Health and safety in the plant - Worker protection
Hygiène et prévention en entreprise - Protection du travailleur [in French]
Practical loose-leaf guide for occupational physicians, safety officers and ergonomists giving technological data and practical information for the solution of problems of safety and working conditions. Volume 1 covers the workplace environment: lighting, heating, ventilation, air conditioning, noise control. Volume 2 deals with hygiene: cleaning, disinfection, garbage disposal, sanitary installations, hygiene and skin protection, catering, beverage distribution. Volume 3 deals with personal protection: head, hearing, eye, face, respiratory tract, upper and lower limb, and whole-body protection; personal protective equipment; legislation.
Editions Docis, 31 rue Médéric, 75281 Paris Cedex 17, France, 1980. 3 Vols. 419p. Illus.
Trahtenberg I.M., Talakin Ju.N., Leskova G.E., Kakovskaja V.N., Gridneva N.V.
Prophylactic pectin for occupational mercury poisoning
O profilaktičeskom primenenii pektina pri professional'nom merkurializme [in Russian]
Workers exposed to mercury vapour in 2 mercury plants received a pectin-rich diet for 2 months. Urinary mercury excretion, adrenalin secretion and serotonin metabolism were studied at the same time. Examination after the 2-month prophylactic diet showed that most findings tended to revert to normal and that urinary Hg excretion had increased significantly.
Gigiena truda i professional'nye zabolevanija, July 1980, No.7, p.33-36. 21 ref.
Canteen, washroom and changing facilities
Les installations d'accueil. [in French]
This special issue contains features on: current French legislation on welfare facilities (canteens, washrooms, changing rooms, sanitary facilities) on construction sites (distinction between fixed worksites and temporary worksites for subcontractors): results of a survey carried out on facilities of this kind on 300 construction sites; practical suggestions for minimum facilities on sites and classification of sites as regards installation, upkeep and operation of these facilities; dormitory and living quarters for workers who have to remain on the site at night; special case of temporary or mobile facilities; drinking facilities; site caravans; site for the construction of a nuclear power station; small sites.
Cahiers des Comités de prévention du bâtiment et des travaux publics, Nov.-Dec. 1980, Vol.32, No.6, p.283-333. Illus.
Vainio H., Sorsa M., Hemminki K.
Occupational cancer and carcinogenesis.
Proceedings of an international course. 38 papers are reproduced under the general heads: historical perspectives; current aspects of cancer aetiology; carcinogenesis at the molecular level; detection of chemical carcinogens; epidemiologic approaches in carcinogen detection; risk branches in industry; risk assessment.
Journal of Toxicology and Environmental Health, Sep.-Nov. 1980, Vol.6, No.5-6, p.921-1335. Bibl. Also available as a hardbound book from Hemisphere Publishing Corporation, Berkeley Building, 19 West 44th Street, New York, N.Y. 10036, USA. Price: US$49.50.
Voluntary dehydration in men working in heat.
Sweat production and evaporation and replacement of body fluids play an important role during work at high temperature. Man does not always replace orally all the fluids lost, creating a condition called voluntary dehydration. The level of voluntary dehydration was studied in 2 groups of steelworkers; one group drank a special tea with mineral salts, the other took only ordinary or mineral water. The voluntary dehydration in group I was lower by 40%; workers in this group showed less fatigue, higher work capacity and better subjective feeling. The importance of intake of beverages containing salts in hot work and their role in maintaining the water-electrolyte balance for normal physiological functions and subjective well-being were discussed.
International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health, 1980, Vol.46, No.3, p.233-239. 18 ref.
Diet and driving
Diététique et conduite de véhicule. [in French]
MD thesis: general principles of diet; energy expenditure, supply of dietetic requirements, wrong dietary habits among drivers and effects on their driving; special problems related to alcohol, smoking, certain pharmaceutical products, and special diets (e.g. low carbohydrate intake for diabetics).
Université de Paris VI Pierre et Marie Curie, Faculté de médecine Pitié-Salpêtrière, Paris, France, 1980. 133p. 58 ref.
Krasnopevcev V.M., Timonov M.A., Ševyreva N.A., Kagirov V.N., Hristenko P.P., Maksimenko R.G., D'jačenko M.F., Zubakova G.S.
Nutritional problems and metabolic indices in copper miners in the Far North
Voprosy pitanija i nekotorye pokazateli obmena veščestv u rabočih mednogo proizvodstva v uslovijah Krajnego Severa [in Russian]
Study of nutrition, health status and principal metabolic indices in 147 workers (some of whom drank fluorinated water) and controls also exposed to arctic climate. The copper miners did not show any disturbances in protein and fat metabolism; however, they suffered from vitamin deficiency, especially vitamin B1. Prolonged use of fluorinated drinking water increased resistance not only to dental caries, but also to harmful factors in the working environment.
Gigiena i sanitarija, Feb. 1980, No.2, p.22-24.
Brun T.A., Houchat M., Bleiberg F.
Research on a method of investigating the contribution of fatigue and diet to accidents in the building trade (preliminary results)
Recherche d'une méthode d'enquête sur la contribution de la fatigue et de l'alimentation aux accidents du travail dans le bâtiment (résultats préliminaires). [in French]
Assuming the hypothesis that there exists a link between workers' diet and occupational accidents, the authors made a survey of 38 workers employed on a building site: questionnaire on dietary habits, measurement of oxygen consumption at rest and with work effort, consultation of medical files, data obtained by observation. The hypothesis was not confirmed, but this study draws attention to interesting fields for research into accident causes (psychological and social stressors in particular).
Revue de médecine du travail, 1980, Vol.8, No.1, p.17-36. Illus. 15 ref.
Antov G., Ajanova A.
Effect of Fundazol pesticide on the myocardium of rats with experimental atherosclerosis
Vlijanie na pesticida fundazol vărhu miokarda na plăhove s eksperimentalna ateroskleroza [in Bulgarian]
Study of the effects of the fungicide benomyl: methyl(1-butylamino)carbonyl(-1-H-benzimidazol-2-yl)carbamate on the development of sclerotic lesions of the myocardium caused by atherogenic diet in experimental animals. Results of biochemical tests and morphological and histochemical investigations. Exposure to benomyl has a potentiating effect on atherogenic diet.
Problemi na higienata, July 1980, Vol.5, p.58-67. Illus. 20 ref.
Alcoholism and occupational safety
Alkohol und Arbeitssicherheit [in German]
El alcohol y la seguridad del trabajo [in Spanish]
Alcool e sicurezza del lavoro [in Italian]
L'alcool et la sécurité du travail [in French]
Difficulties encountered in attempting to pinpoint the role of alcohol in accidents and determine the percentage of occupational accidents due to alcohol are considered. Different surveys give percentages varying between 7.5% and 35%. One fact is stressed: alcohol potentiates the effects of harmful substances and physical agents, and thus increases predisposition to accidents. Suggested measures which could reduce or suppress alcohol consumption in the workplace include mechanisation of heavy physical work, thermal insulation, ventilation, air-conditioning and above all the distribution of soft drinks. Review of physiological requirements as regards intake of fluids, and suitable non-alcoholic beverages. Other preventive measures include prohibition or restriction of alcohol consumption, and screening and selection of personnel. Many examples of accidents are given. Spanish translation published in "Notas y documentos sobre prevención de riesgos profesionales", 148, 4° trimestre 1984, p.65-73.
Cahiers suisses de la sécurité du travail, Caisse nationale suisse d'assurance en cas d'accidents, Luzern, Switzerland, Mar. 1980, No.133. 30p. Illus. The Spanish version is in: I.N.M.S.T., No.902, p.65-73.
Rutenfranz J., Knauth P., Angersbach D.
Medical findings concerning health disorders and diseases due to shift work
Arbeitsmedizinische Feststellungen zu Befindlichkeitsstörungen und Erkrankungen bei Schichtarbeit [in German]
Shift work is defined as work performed at varying or irregular hours during the daytime, or at fixed times which are not normal for circadian rhythms. The arguments for and against shift work are examined. The occupational health physician is mainly concerned with night work. Considerations on conflicts between shift work, on the one hand, and working hours and rest breaks over a 24-h period and the biological rhythms over the same period, on the other. The effects of shift work on sleep and eating habits, and the incidence of gastro-ingtestinal disorders are dealt with in detail. The risk of gastro-intestinal disorders is very slight, and that of other disease (cardiovascular, nervous) improbable. Practical measures suggested: pre-employment medical screening of personnel, periodic check-ups, participation of plant physician in work organisation. Recommendations for the organisation of shift work.
Arbeitsmedizin - Sozialmedizin - Präventivmedizin, Feb. 1980, Vol.15, No.2, p.32-40. Illus. 83 ref.
Brooke J.D., Toogood S., Green L.F.
Diet, physiological work and accident incidence of forge workers
The metabolic load of daily work, dietary intake, and effect of supplementing the diet with glucose syrup on the accident rate were studied in 57 workers over 18 weeks. The mean energy output was 9.7MJ (2300kcal); mean energy intake (supplemented) was 15MJ (3600kcal). Ingestion of glucose to reverse increased consumption of metabolic fat in the morning significantly reduced accidents in a double-blind trial. The effect may be due to altered levels of 5-hydroxytryptamine in the central nervous system.
Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment and Health, Mar. 1980, Vol.6, No.1, p.66-72. 23 ref.
Szadkowski D., Borkamp A., Lehnert G.
Hippuric acid excretion in the urine as a function of diurnal rhythm and eating habits
Hippursäureausscheidung im Harn in Abhängigkeit von Tagesrhythmik und alimentären Einflüssen [in German]
In these studies of 37 non-toluene-exposed subjects, normal renal excretion of hippuric acid was 1.18g/l, without influence of sex. Circadian rhythm had a significant effect. Ingestion of food containing benzoic acid trebled hippuric acid excretion, in some cases increasing it tenfold. Determination of urinary hippuric acid as a screening test of toluene exposure is thus not sufficient.
International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health, Feb. 1980, Vol.45, No.2, p.141-152. 53 ref.
State Committee of the USSSR Council of Ministers of Labour and Social Affairs (Gosudarstvennyj komitet Soveta Ministrov SSSR po trudu i social'nym voprosam)
Approved list of industries, occupations and tasks giving entitlement to distribution of therapeutic and prophylatic nutrition in view of particularly harmful working conditions
Ob utverždenii perečnja proizvodstv, professij i dolžnostej, rabota v kotoryh daet pravo na besplatnoe polučenie lečebno-profilaktičeskogo pitanija v svjazi s osobo vrednymi uslovijami truda [in Russian]
List divided into 3 parts: 1.free distribution of nutritional additives to workers exposed to particularly harmful agents (chemicals industry, non-ferrous metals industry); 2.special food rations and free distribution of vitamin preparations; 3.conditions and rules for free entitlement.
Bjulleten' Goskomtruda SSSR, July 1979, No.7, p.13-54, Aug. 1979, No.8, p.10-53; Sep. 1979, No.9, p.12-54.
Nutritional and dietary problems and occupational safety and health
Ernährungsprobleme und Arbeitsschutz [in German]
3 papers were presented at this symposium (13 Jan. 1978, Dortmund, Federal Republic of Germany): present-day trends in physical and mental workload, and corresponding modifications in nutritional requirements; work at high temperature, shift work and heavy work; dietary changes; work requiring a high degree of reaction and vigilance. Information on hazards of overeating, calorific content of various foods, energy expenditure in various tasks and corresponding dietary requirements.
No.20, Schriftenreihe Arbeitsschutz, Bundesanstalt für Arbeitsschutz und Unfallforschung, Postfach 17 02 02, 4600 Dortmund 17, Federal Republic of Germany, 1979. 37p. Illus. 26 ref. Price; DM.13.00.
Urinary lithiasis in airline flight personnel
La urolitiasis en el personal de vuelo [in Spanish]
This literature survey shows that according to medical statistics urolithiasis is one of the most common occupational diseases affecting air crews. Aspects considered: predisposition (causes), aetiology; raised urinary levels of salts forming kidney stones; inadequate compensation of water losses; temperature and humidity levels in aircraft; flight crews' dietary habits; age, length of service and seniority; hypercalcinuria; uric acid metabolism; factors modifying the physicochemical balance of urinary salts; urinary lithiasis and fitness for flying duties; prevention (physical exercise, correct diet, observance of nycthemeral rhythms, medical supervision).
Medicina clínica, 1979, Vol.72, No.2, p.65-70. 26 ref.
Arguments for a hyposensitising diet for workers exposed to chemical allergens
Gigieničeskoe obosnovanie special'nogo giposensibilizirujuščego pitanija rabočih, kontaktirujuščih s himičeskimi allergenami [in Russian]
A new diet was developed from studies in animals sensitised to chromium, nickel, and formaldehyde. The diet is characterised by a high fat content (especially vegetable oils), a corresponding reduction in carbohydrates, enrichment with phosphatides, vitamins (C, P, U, PP, E, A, K), and calcium and magnesium salts, and a low sodium chloride content. Immunological, biochemical and physiological studies in 2 animal species demonstrated the hyposensitising effect of the diet.
Gigiena i sanitarija, Oct. 1979, No.10, p.21-25. 15 ref.
Physiological design of work - Manual of ergonomics
Physiologische Arbeitsgestaltung - Leitfaden der Ergonomie [in German]
During the 12 years since the last edition work has become more monotonous, more complex and more demanding. These factors have been taken into account and new subjects added: visual and acoustic perception, mental stress, vigilance, monotony and shift work. Contents: physical work, motor neural mechanisms, principles for lighter work, anthropometry and design, designing the dimensions of a work station, arduous physical work, handling loads, work requiring skill, man-machine systems, mental tasks, fatigue, monotony, hours of work and meals, night work and shift work, lighting and choice of colours, noise and vibration, workplace microclimate. Checklist for physiological design and layout of a workplace and work organisation.
Ott Verlag AG, Länggasse 57, 3601 Thun, Switzerland, 3rd edition, rearranged and expanded 1979. 432p. Illus. 347 ref. Price: FS.49.50.
Medical and social consequences of shift work
Les conséquences médico-sociales du travail posté. [in French]
MD thesis. Part 1: definition of shift work, followed by a study of shift-work methods and conditions, and its justification from the employers' and workers' viewpoint. Subsequent chapters are devoted to considerations on the incidence of shift work on plant organisation, statistics of trends in shift work, and the consequences of shift work (circadian rhythm; sleep; fatigue; digestive disorders; eating and dietary habits, social, family and working life). Part 2: results of a survey in 2 French plants (one producing skimmed milk, the other cement) which show some particular aspects of this type of work in a rural milieu. Part 3: technical measures which could be envisaged to improve the shift worker's working and living conditions (choice of working hours and of rotation, shift and job schedules; transport and housing accomodation; noise; diet and catering) and medical supervision of all these factors.
Université de Paris VII, Faculté de médecine Lariboisière - Saint-Louis, Paris, France, 1979. 114p. 27 ref.
Le stress thermique (chaleur). [in French]
The effects of heat are examined (physical exhaustion, dehydration, salt loss; mechanism of heat effects) and attention is paid to criteria for satisfactory acclimatisation, personal protection (protective clothing, fluid intake), and air conditioning techniques. General recommendations are given: heat stress studies at the workplace, medical surveillance, worker information, acclimatisation. Other points examined are: work load categories and energy expenditure, work/rest schedules, measurement of ambient temperatures by dry bulb, wet bulb, and globe thermometer. Temperature standards to be observed according to arduousness of work are set out.
Prévention, Mar. 1979, Vol.14, No.2, p.4-12. Illus. 9 ref.
Protection against heat at the workplace
Hitzeschutz am Arbeitsplatz [in German]
This handbook, intended for easy consultation by workers in industrial plants, gives a roundup of the present state of the art in this field. A review of basic physiological concepts and climatic indices for evaluation of microclimates is followed by considerations on the general and health engineering possibilities of protection against high temperatures: correct diet, acclimatisation and fitness, work breaks, ventilation and air conditioning, water cooling, protection against radiant heat, protection from the sun, protective clothing, eye protection. Appendix: list of publications, standards and regulations in force in the Federal Republic of Germany.
Nr. 16, Schriftenreihe Arbeitsschutz, Bundesanstalt für Arbeitsschutz und Unfallforschung, Postfach 17 02 02, 4600 Dortmund 17, Germany (Fed.Rep.), 1978. 66p. Illus.
Drinking diet in hot workplaces
Pitný režim při práci v horkých provozech [in Czech]
Work in hot environment results in considerable water and salt losses, which must be compensated for by intake of water and mineral salts. This article gives advice on compensatory liquid intake: frequent drinking of small amounts; thick soupy mixtures heated to 15-18°C are preferable to merely drinking salty water; use of "aerated" or sparkling drinks containing CO2; importance of taste, and presence of vitamin C; stimulant effect of caffeine in small doses; prohibition of alcoholic beverages. List of possible health disorders due to bad drinking habits in workers employed in hot workplaces. The article concludes with recommendations to prevent health hazards due to ambient heat, taking up systematically the above-mentioned aspects.
Bezpečná práca, May 1978, Vol.9, No.3, p.140-142. Illus.
Fiche de sécurité n°H.301, Organisation for Safety in Building Construction and Civil Engineering (Organisme professionnel de prévention du bâtiment et des travaux publics), Issy-les-Moulineaux, Sep. 1977.
Workers' and workplace hygiene - Legal and statutory texts
Hygiène des travailleurs et salubrité des lieux de travail - Textes légaux et réglementaires. [in French]
List of French regulations concerning: working conditions of women and young people; general hygiene conditions at the workplace; measures to combat alcoholism; dangerous, unhealthy and uncomfortable workplaces; air pollution; ionising radiation; work in pressurised atmospheres; noise and vibration.
Cahiers des Comités de prévention du bâtiment et des travaux publics, May-June 1978, Vol.31, No.3. 8p.(insert).
Dietary problems of workers lunching in staff canteens
Problèmes d'hygiène alimentaire du repas de midi dans les restaurants d'entreprise. [in French]
MD thesis. The increasing number of workers who lunch in works canteens or cafetarias and the shortening of the midday luncheon break has brought about a change in eating habits. General considerations (physiological aspects of nutrition and diet, drinking water requirements on the job, digestive disorders, links between work performance and consumption of proper meals) are followed by an overview of the various possibilities available for arranging for suitable midday meals in plants, with reference to legislation on the subject (equipment of canteens, catering, concessionary and other methods of running works restaurants, distribution of tea, coffee and other beverages). A chapter is devoted to a report on an investigation conducted by the author in 3 works canteens frequented by workers employed in jobs requiring low, medium or high energy expenditure, concerning types of service available (or self service), choice of menus, trends in consumer choice. Conclusions drawn: the workers tended to eat insufficient quantities of salads, green vegetables, milk products or fruit, and an excess of carbohydrates and fats, due to ingrained eating habits. Recommendations; dietary education and information, individual counselling and collective talks or debates, consultations with the staff canteen management, etc. An adequate mealtime work break is also recommended.
Université de Paris VI, Faculté Broussais - Hôtel-Dieu, Paris, France, 1978. 108p. 34 ref.
Outline of occupational hygiene
Lineamenti di igiene del lavoro [in Italian]
The chapter heads of this reference book are: hygiene requirements for the workplace; microclimatic factors; atmospheric pressure; lighting; electricity; noise; vibration; ionising radiation; non-ionising radiation; maximum admissible concentrations; gases and toxic substances; air respirability and lack of oxygen; industrial dusts; atmospheric pollution by industrial effluents; waste disposal; hygiene in agriculture; fatigue; ergonomics; diet; alcohol; accident prevention; work clothes; work fitness and periodic preventive surveillance of workers; mental hygiene; health education; functions of the occupational hygienist; aspects of work legislation; appendices (lists of light and insalubrious occupations, exposure limits, occupations requiring periodic medical surveillance, decree concerning notifiable diseases, water protection standard).
Società Editrice Universo, Via G.B. Morgagni 1, Roma, Italy, 1977. 687p. Illus. Bibl.
Efanov P.D., Berg I.A.
Occupational safety and health in steel production
Ohrana truda i tehnika bezopasnosti v staleplavil'nom proizvodstve [in Russian]
Contents of this handbook: harmful agents (radiant heat; convection heat; toxic dust, gases and vapours; noise) and protection measures; scrap processing; occupational accidents and diseases (calculation of costs, incidence and severity); occupational hygiene (welfare facilities, ventilation, lighting, drinks, etc.); occupational safety in open-hearth, electric and converter steelworks; relining of furnaces and converters; electrical safety; overhead travelling cranes and lifting equipment; pressure vessels and gas distribution; safety organisation in steelworks.
Izdatel'stvo "Metallurgija", 2-j Obydenskij per. 14, 119034 Moskva G-34, USSR, 1977. 232p. Illus. Price: Rbl.0.67.
Drinks in hot workplaces
Getränke in Hitzebetrieben [in German]
Drinking requirements depend on hydromineral losses, particularly evident in the case of work at high temperatures (quantity of loss varying according to temperature). Drinks such as beer, milk, cola beverages, coffee, carbonated water or strong tea are not recommended to compensate for fluid loss. The best thirst-quenchers are often herbal teas or China tea. Advice on ingredients for drinks, additives and drinking regimens.
Sicherheitsingenieur, June 1977, Vol.8, No.6, p.10-14. Illus.
VIIIth National Congress on Occupational Medicine, Safety and Health
VIII Congreso nacional de Medicina, Higiene y Seguridad del Trabajo [in Spanish]
Record of proceedings of the Congress (18-21 Oct. 1977, Saragossa, Spain), at which the following themes were discussed: occupational medicine - prospects and trends; occupational cancer (carcinogenesis and occupational medicine; industrial carcinogens and occupational cancer; cancer due to asbestos); guarding of machinery; workers' dietary habits; occupational dermatitis; in-plant occupational safety and health; prospects and trends in the field of occupational safety; in-plant safety and disaster planning; industrial pollution; professsional ethics for occupational safety and health workers; hazards of agricultural work; occupational hazards in sea fishing; occupational safety and health in small and medium-sized undertakings; safety on board ship; heat stress.
Salud y trabajo, Dec. 1977, No.10, p.21-91. Illus.
Health impairment due to shift work
Pathologie acquise au cours du travail posté. [in French]
MD thesis. An introduction on the characteristics of shift work, the present situation and French regulations on this subject, and the consequences of shift work on physiological equilibrium, health, and family and working life, is followed by the results of a study of 1,000 motor industry workers performing shift work for at least 3 years: comparison of medical records with various shift work systems and a control group; comparison of shift workers in 9 sectors of activity. Digestive disorders were the only significant parameter in the shift workers (8-hour 3 shift, semi-continuous). Significant changes according to sector of activity were however observed for disorders of the skin and locomotor apparatus, overweight, and pseudo-neuro psychopathic disorders. Ways of improving the situation of shiftworkers are briefly mentioned (design of working conditions and work schedule, improved sleeping and eating habits, medical supervision).
Université de Bordeaux II, Unités d'enseignement et de recherche des sciences médicales, Bordeaux, France, 1977. 79p. 48 ref.
Dietary habits of building and civil engineering workers
L'alimentation des travailleurs du bâtiment et des travaux publics. [in French]
MD thesis. An introductory section on the nutritional requirements of workers in general, and of building construction and civil engineering workers in particular, is followed by a report giving the results of 4 investigations in the dietary habits of the last-mentioned workers (inadequate breakfast, lunch-box meal at midday, bad eating conditions, unbalanced diet - too many fats and starches, not enough fruit and vegetables). Drinking habits are then considered (factors causing thirst and thirst quenching, usually with alcoholic beverages), and pathological aspects (digestive troubles, effects of dietary habits on work performance and vice-versa). Follows an analysis of French legislation concerning diet and health on construction sites, and the results of 2 surveys (one carried out by the author) which show that the regulations, in themselves quite adequate and far-reaching (covering: drinking facilities, canteens, premises for eating packed lunches, kitchens, garbage disposal), are often not fully observed. Practical measures are suggested for worker information to promote healthier eating habits. Role of the occupational health physician.
Université de Paris VII, Faculté de médecine Lariboisière - Saint-Louis, Paris, France, 1977. 177p. 42 ref.
Recommendation concerning the improvement of standards in merchant ships.
Recommandations concernant l'amélioration des normes sur les navires marchands. [in French]
This Recommendation, adopted on 11 Nov. 1976, concerns all sea-going ships, publicly or privately owned, engaged in the transport of cargo or passengers, and sea-going tugs. It is recommended that Member States of the ILO should take steps, by stages if necessary, to ensure that national laws or regulations and collective agreements contain provisions at least equivalent to the instruments referred to in the appendix to the Recommendation: inter alia, the Food and Catering (Ship's Crews) Convention, 1946 (No.68); Accommodation of Crews (Supplementary Provisions) Convention, 1970 (No.133); Prevention of Accidents (Seafarers) Convention, 1970 (No.134); IMCO/ILO Document for Guidance, 1975, etc.
Official Bulletin - Bulletin officiel, Recommendation 155, International Labour Conference, Geneva. International Labour Office, 1211 Genève, Switzerland, 1977, Vol.60, Series A, No.1, p.25-27.
Occupational medicine information sheets
Feuillets de médecine du travail. [in French]
Collection of information sheets, perforated for separate filing, each sheet devoted to some specific subject in the fields of occupational pathology, ergonomics, occupational safety and health, etc. Published in the form of separate parts issued regularly, each part containing several information sheets, this publication is intended mainly for students and practitioners in the field of occupational medicine. The issues numbered 5 to 8 inclusive are devoted to: occupational disease due to carbon disulfide and formol; rubber industry occupational hazards; occupational safety and health in mines; elements of occupational psycho-sociology; employment of women; asbestosis; poisoning due to organic lead compounds; occupational safety and health in shipbuilding, dockwork, milk and milk products industries, oils for cooking and human consumption; spray painting; International Labour Organisation (reference to the CIS); occupationally-induced parasite diseases, hepatonephritis, hepatitis, kidney disease, mouth and dental diseases; poisoning due to manganese, fluorine, chromium, zinc, nickel, coalminers' silicosis and pneumoconiosis; ionising radiations; pharmaceutical industry; steel industry.
Editions Maloine, Paris, France 1974-1976, Nos. 5,6,7 and 8, 77, 73, 79 and 68p. Illus. 73 ref. Price: FF.28.00 each.
Wilson B.D., Gisolfi C.V., Smith T.F.
Thermal responses to intermittent work in selected environments.
Acclimated subjects were conditioned for intermittent work and during the experiment the heart rate, body weight and temperature, fluid consumption, maximal oxygen consumption, and wet bulb, dry bulb, and globe temperatures were measured. The subjects were able to work intermittently without strain in 25, 35, and 40°C environments and continuously at 40°. At 28 and 29.1°C time-weighted wet bulb globe temperatures (WGBT) they were unable to work intermittently without physiological strain, suggesting the need for re-evaluation of the time-weighted WBGT as index of heat strain for intermittent work.
American Industrial Hygiene Association Journal, Sep. 1975, Vol.36, No.9, p.648-652. Illus. 11 ref.
Vanhanen V.D., Šaptala A.A., Šaptala V.A.
Determining the human body's water requirement
Sposob opredelenija potrebnosti organizma čeloveka v vode [in Russian]
Results of a study to work out a scientific method of determining the human body's water requirement as a function of water loss sustained. Starting point of the investigations were data on the water balance obtained from observations in miners. The method developed is based on the difference between water losses (renal and extrarenal) and the fluid reserves derived from drinks and food taken before work, consideration being given to natural weight loss. The formulae used for the calculation are reproduced.
Gigiena i sanitarija, Oct. 1974, No.10, p.65-66. 2 ref.
Freundt K.J., Liebewirth H.
Variations in some clinical-chemical parameters in the serum of subjects after alcohol ingestion and continuous carbon disulfide inhalation
Verhalten einiger klinisch-chemischer Parameter im Serum von alkoholisierten Personen nach kontinuierlicher Schwefelkohlenstoff-Inhalation [in German]
A study of the influence of alcohol consumption in subjects exposed to 20, 40 and 80ppm of CS2. Variations in the following parameters were determined during and after exposure: cholesterol, CA++, inorganic phosphate, total bilirubin, albumin, total protein, uric acid, urea nitrogen, glucose, lactic dehydrogenase, alkaline phosphatase, glutamic-oxaloacetic transaminase. Interpretation of variations found in total bilirubin and in glucose. Conclusions: subjects with moderate blood alcohol levels, exposed to CS2 concentrations of 20ppm or less, did not suffer significant effects; changes in blood serum composition found in routine examinations could not always be attributed to inhalation of CS2, but could have been induced by alcohol consumption.
Zentralblatt für Arbeitsmedizin und Arbeitsschutz, Sep. 1973, Vol.24, No.9, p.266-271. Illus. 8 ref.
Lukáš E., Kotas P., Obrusník I.
Copper and zinc levels in peripheral nerve tissue of rats with experimental carbon-disulphide neuropathy.
The levels of zinc and copper in the peripheral nerve tissue of 2 groups of rats with carbon disulfide neuropathy were estimated. The neuropathy was evoked by inhalation of 3.6mg CS2/l of air (variant 1) or 2.4mg CS2/l of air (variant 2). Stationary Zn levels were found in control and exposed animals in both of the experimental variants, while the levels of copper increased by 135% in experiment 1 and 127% in experiment 2. These results, together with previous experience such as the apparently protective effects of Zn and Cu salt-enriched diet, suggest that changes in metal metabolism deserve attention as a possible pathogenic link in the development of carbon disulfide poisoning.
British Journal of Industrial Medicine, Oct. 1974, Vol.31, No.4, p.288-291. Illus. 17 ref.
New advances in the toxicology of carbon disulfide.
Text of the 1972 Yant Memorial Lecture. The author presents an over-all review of carbon disulfide toxicology, discussing in particular the effects of diet and CS2 metabolism in man in the light of recent research.
American Industrial Hygiene Association Journal, Feb. 1974, Vol.35, No.2, p.55-61. 36 ref.
Flexible working hours - Their effects on conditions of work, and the psychology and physiology of workers
L'horaire variable ou libre - Ses incidences sur les conditions de travail, la psychologie, la physiologie des travailleurs. [in French]
This MD thesis reviews the experience with this type of work schedule, the use of which is spreading: background, definitions, methods of application, recording and checking of hours worked, applicability, French statutory provisions, stages in the introduction of such schedules in an undertaking, results of experience with flexible working hours as regards the workers and the undertaking, unions' opinions, effects on work in different occupational categories (women, young persons, old or handicapped workers) and on the social and economic environment (leisure time, commuting). In the light of this experience, the effects of flexible working hours on the workers' physiology and psychology, the role of plant physicians and future prospects are examined.
Université de Paris - Val-de-Marne, Faculté de médecine de Créteil, Créteil, France, 1974. 88p. 78 ref.
Dorofeeva V.I., Merzon A.K., Šaptala A.A.
Disorders in water and electrolyte balance in workers exposed to heat in an iron and steel works
Izmenenija vodno-solevogo obmena u rabočih gorjačih cehov metallurgičeskogo zavoda [in Russian]
Results of a study carried out on 108 steelworkers operating blast furnaces, open-hearth furnaces and rolling mills. In the case of small water losses (less than 2,000 ml per shift), a tendency to extracellular dehydration and metabolic acidosis was observed. Progressively, as the water losses increase (more than 5,000 ml per shift) the tendency to hyponatraemia in the extracellular fluid, to extracellular acidosis and a significant loss of intracellular potassium were found. Suggestions are made for correcting potassium loss and disturbance of the acid-base balance.
Gigiena truda i professional'nye zabolevanija, Jan. 1974, No.1, p.6-10. 5 ref.
Ministry of Transport and Telecommunications (Ministerul transporturilor şi telecommunicaţiilor), Bucureşti.
Labour protection - Legislation
Protecţia muncii - Legislaţie [in Romanian]
Collection of safety and health regulations in force in Romanian transport and telecommunications. Contents: extracts from the Constitution, Labour code, the Act establishing the Ministry of Labour and the administrative decree under the Act; Occupational Safety and Health Act 1965; the decision of the Council of Ministers respecting the notification of occupational accidents and diseases, and instructions for its administration; tabulated list of notifiable occupational diseases; classification of causes of occupational accidents; Social Insurance Act and decision respecting its administration; decision, ministerial order and instruction on the supply of protective equipment and work clothes and equipment; order of the Ministry of Labour on protective equipment; regulations concerning dietary requirements for certain workers, especially those engaged in work in conditions of stress (heavy work, exposure to toxic atmospheres, high atmospheric pressure, high temperatures); decision concerning hours of work; instruction concerning periodic medical examinations; miscellaneous legislation prescribing penalties, etc.
Centrul de documentare si publicaţii tehnice, Bucureşti, Romania, 1973. 310p.
Host environment interactions in the etiology of cancer in man.
Proceedings of a meeting held at Primo¿ten, Yugoslavia (27 Aug.-2 Sep. 1972) where the International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) and the John E. Fogarty International Center of the National Institutes of Health of the USA (FIC) collaborated in an attempt to study the interaction between genetically determined man and the totality of his physical environment, with a view to finding the answers to questions of cancer aetiology. Papers were read by experts in widely different disciplines in an effort to let the laboratory experimentalists gain an understanding of the problems and potentialities of the epidemiologist, and conversely to expose the epidemiologists to the problems and potentialities of sophisticated laboratory research. Of particular interest to the industrial physician are papers on the metabolic aspects of chemical carcinogens and a population-based study of bladder cancer.
IARC Scientific Publications No.7, International Agency for Research on Cancer, 150, Cours Albert-Thomas, 69008 Lyon, France, 1973. 464p. Illus. 1140 ref. Price: SF.100.00.
Melino C., Pascone A.
The use of saline-vitamin powders for the prevention of disorders due to working at high temperatures
Le polveri salino-vitaminiche nella prevenzione del lavoro ad alte temperature [in Italian]
Measures for preventive occupational diseases caused by high ambient temperatures are of 2 types: (1) measures acting on the environment (altering the microclimate, air conditioning, screens, protective clothing, periodic rests, etc.); (2) compensating water losses by ingestion of liquids containing the required electrolytes. The article stresses the good results obtained with Italian railway workers exposed to high temperatures, by using saline-vitamin tablets containing 500mg NaCl, 0.25mg vitamin B1, 0.125mg vitamin B2 and 0.125mg vitamin B6.
Folia medica, Jan.-Feb. 1973, Vol.56, No.1-2, p.53-67. 14 ref.
Occupational safety in converter steelworks
Ohrana truda v konverternom proizvodstve [in Russian]
Practical manual covering: working conditions in converter steelworks; work in the converter bay (converter bay equipment, safe operation of the converter, teeming liquid metal or slag); safety in mixer and casting bays; prevention of explosions and ejections of liquid metal or slag; use of oxygen and operation of oxygen lines; electrical safety; operation of lifting and handling equipment; repairs (relining of converters, mixers and ladles, repairs of gas mains); lighting; protection against convection and radiant heat; ventilation of converter bays; dust control; occupational hygiene (rest rooms, fluid intake).
Izdatel'stvo "Metallurgija", 2-j Obydenskij per. 14, 119034 Moskva, USSR, 1973. 152p. Illus. 16 ref. Price: Rbl.0.40.
Kello D., Kostial K.
The effect of milk diet on lead metabolism in rats.
The effect of milk on lead absorption and retention was studied in 4 groups of rats after a single oral or intraperitoneal application of lead-203. The body retention of the orally applied lead was higher in animals on milk diet (4 times higher in rats on normal diet and cow's milk, 57 times in animals on cow's milk only, and 33 times in rats on powdered milk only) than in controls. The milk diet had only a slight effect on lead retention after intraperitoneal application. These results indicate that milk causes enhancement of lead retention mainly by increasing its gastro-intestinal absorption.
Environmental Research, Sep. 1973, Vol.6, No.3, p.355-360. 16 ref.
< previous | 1, 2, 3, 4, 5 | next >