Nutrition - 210 entries found
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Engineering Employers' Federation (EEF)
Think about office health and safety - The employee's guide
This guide aimed at office employees is a reminder of basic safety and health practices at the workplace. Topics covered: moving around safely; ergonomics and posture; equipment (VDUs, photocopiers, cutting equipment); electrical hazards; fire prevention; contractors and lone workers; hazardous substances; comfort of working environment; stress; smoking, alcohol and substance abuse; improving lifestyle; first aid.
Safety & Environment Department of the EEF, Sales Department, EEF, Broadway House, Tothill Street, London SW1H 9NQ, United Kingdom, 1998. 31p. Illus. Price: EEF members: GBP 1.20 per copy; non-members: GBP 1.50 per copy.
Weiderpass E., Partanen T., Kaaks R., Vainio H., Porta M., Kauppinen T., Ojajärvi A., Boffetta P., Malats N.
Occurrence, trends and environmental etiology of pancreatic cancer
This review summarizes data on the occurrence, the trends, and the life-style, environmental, occupational and genetic determinants of pancreatic cancer. Epidemiologic evidence implicates tobacco smoking as one cause. The evidence regarding alcohol consumption is inconsistent. Although both positive and inconclusive findings are encountered, the bulk of the evidence on coffee consumption is negative. Fat intake is linked with obesity and diabetes mellitus, which are risk factors for pancreatic cancer. Fruit and vegetable consumption appears to be protective. No occupational or environmental agent has been confirmed to increase the risk, but epidemiologic evidence is inconsistent. Little is known about the role of genetic polymorphisms of metabolic enzymes in pancreas carcinogenesis, and evidence associating mutations with life-style factors is still scant and inconsistent.
Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment and Health, June 1998, Vol.24, No.3, p.165-174. 215 ref.
Braeckman L., Maes L., Bellemans M., Vanderhaegen M.R., De Maeyer A.M., De Bacquer D., De Backer G.
Workers participation in a nutrition education programme
An employee nutrition education programme was evaluated for 361 middle-aged male employees who responded to a risk factor questionnaire and underwent a physical examination. 90% of baseline subjects were surveyed a second time at the end of the intervention period. The programme consisted of personal counselling based on screening results, media messages, nutrition group sessions and environmental changes. At baseline, the overall response rate was 81%, in nutrition classes 36% of the respondents enrolled. Unmarried employees, bluecollar workers and smokers were less likely to participate in these group sessions. Among nonparticipants, lack of time and existing good health were the most common reasons cited for not participating. The overall employee rating of the programme was positive. This project demonstrates that in a worksite education programme high rates of initial participation can be achieved. However, the diminished enrollment of smokers and blue-collar workers in group sessions supports concern that a health programme may not equally reach all segments of the workforce. Topics: audiovisual training; cancer; cardiovascular diseases; diabetes mellitus; health programmes; human behaviour; information of personnel; nutrition; personal hygiene; plant health services; preventive aspects of diet; programme evaluation; workers participation.
Archives of Public Health, 1998, Vol.56, No.9-10, p.275-289. 37 ref.
Privatization in the countries of Central and Eastern Europe and its implications for occupational safety and health and the environment
Privatization is the key to a well-functioning market economy. Transition has unleashed a complex process with industries in flux, breakups, and mergers, and countries face new health problems. Globalization generates lower wages, relaxes standards, and introduces new work practices. Change must not be abused. Studies show that union-organized workplaces are safer than when no union is present and that an orderly industrial relations system with appropriate collective bargaining mechanisms is important. The problems are political more than technical; the new social partners must engage in dialogue. Topics: alcoholism; collective agreements; diet; Eastern Europe; economic aspects; environment; industrial organization; multinational enterprises; qualifications; role of government; role of private bodies; role of workers organizations; small enterprises; smoking; social aspects; transition economies; unemployment; work organization.
New Solutions, 1998, Vol.8, No.4, p.451-460. Illus.
Hedberg G.E., Wikström-Frisén L., Janlert U.
Comparison between two programmes for reducing levels of risk indicators of heart diseases among male professional drivers
Professional drivers were allocated to one of two programmes focused on changes of lifestyle. The programme in the intervention group (health profile assessment) was based on revelatory communication, adjusted to the driver, and contained individual and group activities. The reference group went through a health examination. In the intervention group, the maximal oxygen uptake increased, as did exercise habits and the intention to practise good dietary habits. Variable working hours was the most common obstacle to changing a health habit. In the reference group, the maximal oxygen uptake increased and the concentration of serum cholesterol and the number of people who perceived stress and loneliness decreased. Both programmes had an effect on levels of some risk indicators of heart diseases. Topics: blood pressure measurement; cholesterol; diet; health programmes; heart diseases; oxygen intake; physical fitness programmes; programme evaluation; questionnaire survey; risk factors; road transport.
Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Aug. 1998, Vol.55, No.8, p.554-561. Illus. 31 ref.
Calderón García A.
Lifestyle and healthy work
Estilo de vida y trabajo saludable [in Spanish]
Topics: assessment of physical capacity; body weight; cardiovascular disorders; health programmes; hypertension; job study; mental health; neuropsychic stress; nutrition; physical fitness programmes; physical fitness; relaxation exercises; risk factors; smoking; sports and recreation; state of health; stress factors; workers participation.
Seguro Social, Protección Laboral, Administradora de Riesgos Profesionales, Santafé de Bogotá, Colombia, no date. 103p. Illus. 45 ref.
Soleo L., Pesola G., Vimercati L., Elia G., Michelazzi M., Gagliardi T., Drago I., Lasorsa G.
Amalgam fillings and urinary mercury excretion in workers exposed to low levels of inorganic mercury
Amalgami dentari ed eliminazione urinaria di mercurio in lavoratori esposti a basse concentrazioni di mercurio inorganico [in Italian]
Topics: mercury; dental services; determination in urine; diet; exposure evaluation; manufacture of fluorescent tubes; mercury alloys; non-occupational factors; questionnaire survey; respiratory impairment; smoking.
Medicina del lavoro, May-June 1998, Vol.89, No.3, p.232-241. 27 ref.
Talvi A.I., Järvisalo J.O., Knuts L.R., Kaitaniemi P.R.
Life-style related health promotion needs in oil refinery employees
Topics: age-linked differences; blood pressure; diet; Finland; health programmes; lipid metabolism; mental disorders; musculoskeletal diseases; obesity; petroleum refining; physical fitness; sex-linked differences; sleep; smoking; social aspects.
Occupational Medicine, Jan. 1998, Vol.48, No.1, p.45-53. Illus. 43 ref.
Wong M.L., Koh D., Lee M.H.
Assess workers' needs and preferences first before planning a physical fitness programme: Findings from a polytechnic institution in Singapore
Topics: age-linked differences; blood pressure; cardiovascular disorders; diet; lipid metabolism; mental stress; physical fitness programmes; physical fitness; risk factors; sex-linked differences; sickness absenteeism; Singapore; smoking; social aspects.
Occupational Medicine, Jan. 1998, Vol.48, No.1, p.37-44. Illus. 16 ref.
Wang D.H., Ishii K., Seno E., Yane S., Horike T., Yamamoto H., Suganuma N., Arimichi M., Taketa K.
Reduced serum levels of ALT and GGT and high carbohydrate intake among workers exposed to toluene below the threshold limit values
Topics: toluene; enzyme activity; epidemiologic study; hepatic disorders; Japan; liver function tests; nutrition.
Industrial Health, Jan. 1998, Vol.36, No.1, p.14-19. 15 ref.
Nogareda Cuixart C., Nogareda Cuixart S.
Shift work and night work: Organizational aspects
Trabajo a turnos y nocturno: aspectos organisativos [in Spanish]
Topics: circadian rhythm; data sheet; diet; legal aspects; night work; shift work; sleep disturbances; social aspects; Spain; subject variability; work efficiency; work organization; workbreaks.
Instituto Nacional de Seguridad e Higiene en el Trabajo, Ediciones y Publicaciones, c/Torrelaguna 73, 28027 Madrid, Spain, 1997. 8p. Illus. 11 ref.
de Arquer M.I.
Mental workload: Fatigue
Carga mental de trabajo: fatiga [in Spanish]
Topics: data sheet; diet; mental workload; motivation; nervous fatigue; physical fitness; sickness absenteeism; Spain; workbreaks.
Instituto Nacional de Seguridad e Higiene en el Trabajo, Ediciones y Publicaciones, c/Torrelaguna 73, 28027 Madrid, Spain, 1997. 4p. 12 ref.
van Loon A.J.M., Kant I.J., Swaen G.M.H., Goldbohm R.A., Kremer A.M., van den Brandt P.A.
Occupational exposure to carcinogens and risk of lung cancer: Results from the Netherlands cohort study
A prospective cohort study on diet, other lifestyle factors, job history and cancer risk was started in 1986 in the Netherlands. After 4.3 years of follow-up, 524 lung cancer cases with complete job history were available. After adjustment for age, other occupational exposures, smoking and other factors, there were significant associations between risk of lung cancer and cumulative probability of exposure to asbestos or paint dust. Further analysis showed that after adjustment for smoking and diet, about 11.6% of lung cancer cases in men in the general population is attributable to lifetime occupational exposure to asbestos.
Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Nov. 1997, Vol.54, No.11, p.817-824. 45 ref.
Parkes K.R., Razavi T.D.B.
Health and Safety Executive
Psychosocial aspects of work and health in the North Sea oil and gas industry
Part I of this report comprises a review of the literature relating to work and health among offshore personnel. Topics covered include: patterns of illness and injury offshore; psychosomatic complaints and minor health problems; health problems associated with offshore shift rotation; mental health and stress offshore; health behaviours and lifestyle. Part II reports on a five-year follow-up study (1990-1995) which evaluated changes in mental health and job satisfaction in offshore and onshore personnel. Results showed a significant increase in perceived workload and anxiety over the follow-up period.
HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 6FS, United Kingdom, 1997. x, 58p. 68 ref. Price: GBP 25.00.
Chemical sensitivity. Volume 4
The final volume in this four-volume set covers techniques and tests required to establish a diagnosis of chemical sensitivity and the treatment of patients who are environmentally ill. Contents includes: therapy for the chemically sensitive patient; patient history and physical examination; laboratory tests; environmental control units; reduction of total body overload through avoidance of pollutants in air, water and food; thermal chamber depuration and physical therapy; injection therapy; nutrition replacement; endocrine treatment; tolerance moderators; psychological aspects; surgery in the chemically sensitive; long-term follow-up.
CRC Press, Inc., 2000 Corporate Blvd., N.W., Boca Raton, FL 33431, USA, 1997. xx, 907p. Illus. Bibl.ref. Index.
Fuchs R., Resch M.
Alcohol and occupational safety
Alkohol und Arbeitssicherheit [in German]
Topics: alcohol consumption and accidents; alcoholic beverages; check lists; commuting accidents; compensation of occupational accidents; drinks at work; drivers; Germany; information of personnel; legal aspects; occupational accidents; reaction time; relaxed vigilance; risk awareness; safety and health training; visual function disorders.
Hogrefe-Verlag für Psychologie, Rohnsweg 25, 37085 Göttingen, Germany, 1996. vii, 175p. Illus. approx. 300 ref.
Lasfargues G., Vol S., Cacès E., Le Clésiau H., Lecomte P., Tichet J.
Relations among night work, dietary habits, biological measures, and health status
Topics: circadian rhythm; cross-sectional study; diet; dietary errors; energy metabolism; France; lipid metabolism; metabolic disturbances; night work; obesity; smoking; state of health.
International Journal of Behavioral Medicine, 1996, Vol.3, No.2, p.123-134. 32 ref.
Bestratén Belloví M., Hernández Calleja A., Martín Daza F., Luna Mendaza P., Nogareda Cuixart C., Nogareda Cuixart S., Oncins de Frutos M., Solé Gómez M.D.
Ergonomics - Trainer's manual
Ergonomía - Guía del monitor [in Spanish]
Topics: assembly-line work; automation; design of equipment; ergonomics; hand tools; information of personnel; lighting and colour; machinery; mechanization; mental workload; noise; nutrition; physical workload; repetitive work; risk factors; Spain; thermal environment; training manuals; training material; vibration; vocational training; work design; work posture; work time schedules; workplace design.
Instituto Nacional de Seguridad e Higiene en el Trabajo, c/Torrelaguna 73, 28027 Madrid, Spain, 1996. 276p. Illus.
Gazey C., Bates G., Matthew B.
Fluid loss and replacement in petroleum workers from the north west of Western Australia
Fluid loss, fluid intake, heart rate, and work rate (% physical capacity) were recorded for seven petroleum exploration workers in Western Australia. In relatively mild environmental conditions over two days, the average fluid loss was 434mL/h, fluid intake 466mL/h, and workrate 22%. Only three workers consistently replaced their fluid losses over the study period. Recommendations for the prevention of heat illness include adequate fluid replacement strategies to minimize the risk of hyperthermia, appropriate work-rest patterns, and worker education.
Journal of Occupational Health and Safety - Australia and New Zealand, Aug. 1996, Vol.12, No.4, p.457-461. 11 ref.
Niedhammer I., Lert F., Marne M.J.
Night work and eating habits in a cohort of nurses from 1980 to 1990
Travail de nuit et alimentation dans une cohorte d'infirmières de 1980 à 1990 [in French]
The association between night work and eating habits was studied in a sample of 469 French nurses, who were followed-up and interviewed in 1980, 1985 and 1990. Eating habits (total food intake, composition of meals, time and frequency of meal taking) were more affected by night shift. Coffee and tobacco consumption was not associated with night work. As irregular eating habits could be associated with digestive disorders, these results confirm the importance of prevention and information in developing proper nutritional hygiene among shiftworkers.
Archives des maladies professionnelles et de médecine du travail, May 1996, Vol.57, No.3, p.176-187. Illus. 27 ref.
Lerman Y., Shemer J.
Epidemiologic characteristics of participants and nonparticipants in health-promotion programs
In a study of career army personnel in Israel, differences in demographic characteristics and health behaviour between participants and nonparticipants in a health-promotion programme were explored. Compared with the total career army population, participants tended to be older and more educated, to be foreign-born and of Eastern ethnic origin, and to have more children. The participant population also included more women and married individuals and had a low smoking prevalence and a high mean exercise rate. This programme preferentially enrolled people already committed to healthy lifestyles, and did not reach all segments of the work force equally.
Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, May 1996, Vol.38, No.5, p.535-538. 20 ref.
Svensson B.G., et al.
Mortality and cancer incidence among Swedish fishermen with a high dietary intake of persistent organochlorine compounds
Two cohorts of Swedish fishermen were established to determine mortality and cancer incidence with different dietary intakes of persistent organochlorine compounds. The incidence of stomach and squamous cell skin cancers and mortality from multiple myelomas among Swedish east coast fishermen were elevated when compared with the general population of the region and with the west coast cohort, while that of colon cancer was lower. It is proposed that east coast fishermen, who are heavy consumers of fatty fish contaminated with organochlorine compounds, have an increased risk of developing stomach and skin cancer, though at the same time they have a decrease in mortality from ischaemic heart disease.
Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment and Health, Apr. 1995, Vol.21, No.2, p.106-115. 64 ref.
International conference: Agricultural medicine and rural health
Proceedings of an international conference on agricultural medicine and rural health held in Kraków, Poland, 7-8 September 1995. Papers related to agricultural operations include: evaluation of occupational exposure to noise among operators of tractors and self-propelled machines; exposure of rural inhabitants employed outside private farming to hazardous and noxious factors in the working environment; occupational risk caused by application of pesticides; contact allergy to pesticides; honey-bee venom allergy. Abstracts only: toxic substances in the rural environment; legal regulations concerning nitrates and nitrites in Poland.
AAEM - Annals of Agricultural and Environmental Medicine, 1995, Vol.2, No.2, p.95-206. Illus. Bibl.ref.
Pearson J., Hayford J., Royer W.
Comprehensive wellness for firefighters - Fitness and health guide for fire and rescue workers
Contents of this guide: the need for high levels of fitness for fire and rescue work; risk factors for heart disease; fitness assessment; physiology of the musculoskeletal system and stretching exercises to increase flexibility; aerobic exercises and cardiovascular fitness; strength training; nutrition; body composition and weight control; abuse of alcohol, drugs and tobacco; managing stress; maintaining wellness through lifestyle management.
Chapman & Hall, 2-6 Boundary Row, London SE1 8HN, United Kingdom, 1995. x, 358p. Illus. Bibl.ref. Index. Price: GBP 29.95.
Ward M.P., Milledge J.S., West J.B.
High altitude medicine and physiology
Contents of this manual: the human response to altitude; ventilatory response to hypoxia and carbon dioxide; lung diffusion; cardiovascular system; haematology; blood gas transport; peripheral tissues; exercise; limiting factors at extreme altitude; sleep; nutrition and intestinal function; the endocrine and renal systems; central nervous system; high-altitude populations; mountain sickness; high-altitude pulmonary oedema, cerebral oedema and retinal haemorrhage; vascular disorders; thermal balance and its regulation; reaction to cold; hypothermia; local cold injury; accidents, surgical emergencies and anaesthesia; skiing injuries and rescue in the mountains; heat injury and solar radiation; medical conditions at high altitude - leisure and commercial activities; fitness and performance in the mountains; practicalities of field studies.
Chapman & Hall, 2-6 Boundary Row, London SE1 8HN, United Kingdom, 2nd ed., 1995. xviii, 618p. Illus. Bibl.ref. Index. Price: GBP 69.00.
Health and Safety Executive
Priorities for health and safety in catering activities
This information sheet describes the main causes of accidents in the catering industry with indications of the situations and equipment involved. A checklist outlines precautionary and preventive measures for the main risks: slips and trips; exposure to hazardous substances, hot surfaces and steam; struck by moving articles and hand tools; walking into objects; machinery; falls; fire and explosion; electric shock; transport.
HSE Books, PO Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 6FS, United Kingdom, Feb. 1995. 4p. 12 ref.
Lennernäs M., Åkerstedt T., Hambræus L.
Nocturnal eating and serum cholesterol of three-shift workers
Dietary data were collected from 22 male industrial workers in rotating three-shift work. The intakes of energy and nutrients were estimated and blood glucose, serum triglycerides and cholesterol levels were measured. The dietary intakes of energy, protein, total fat, saturated fat, total carbohydrates, sucrose and dietary fibre did not differ between 24h periods but did differ between work shifts and were lowest during the night. Those who redistributed their eating to the night had higher cholesterol levels, suggesting an increased risk for cardiovascular disease.
Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment and Health, Dec. 1994, Vol.20, No.6, p.401-406. Illus. 25 ref.
McNamee R., Braganza J.M., Hogg J., Leck I., Rose P., Cherry N.M.
Occupational exposure to hydrocarbons and chronic pancreatitis - A case-referent study
The aim of the study was to investigate the hypothesis that hydrocarbon exposure is a risk factor for chronic pancreatitis. 102 cases of chronic pancreatitis and 204 age- and sex-matched referents were interviewed about their occupational histories, alcohol and cigarette consumption, and diet. Results support the original hypothesis but further studies are necessary to identify responsible hydrocarbons.
Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Sep. 1994, Vol.51, No.9, p.631-637. Illus. 17 ref.
Ergonomía [in Spanish]
Manual on ergonomics. Contents: fundamental concepts of ergonomics; human beings and their environment; design of work places; design of work stations; illumination, colour and their effects on well-being; physical work (force, posture, repetitive motions); mental workload; controls and signs; noise and vibration; the thermal environment; air quality in interior spaces; machinery and tools; nutrition and work; the ergonomics of organizations (levels of mechanization and automation, functionality, participation, communications, training); working time (flexible working time, shortened week, shift work).
Instituto Nacional de Seguridad en el Trabajo (INSHT), Ediciones y Publicaciones, C/ Torrelaguna 73, 28027 Madrid, Spain, 1994. 217p. Illus. 69 ref.
Work and other factors influencing coronary health and sickness absence
Trends in coronary heart disease mortality in various industrialized countries are discussed. In order to investigate the effect on health of occupational and other socioeconomic influences (personality, job status, social status, workplace culture), studies of mortality and sickness absence were carried out on civil servants in the United Kingdom. The lowest risk of coronary heart disease was in administrators and the highest risk in the lower socioeconomic groups; lower-grade workers had less healthy lifestyle habits. Problems in separating the effects of different related characteristics on the health of an individual are discussed.
Work and Stress, Apr.-June 1994, Vol.8, No.2, p.191-201. Illus. 15 ref.
Nicogossian A.E., Huntoon C.L., Pool S.L.
Space physiology and medicine
Contents of this manual: overview of human space flight (history, characteristics of the space environment, planetary exploration); spacecraft and the spacecraft environment (life support systems, extravehicular activities, airborne toxic hazards, microbiology, radiation and radiobiology, human capabilities in the spacecraft environment); physiologic adaptation to space flight (motion sickness, sensory and sensory-motor function, cardiopulmonary function, nutrition, muscle structure and function, bone and mineral metabolism, endocrine and biochemical functions, haematologic and immunologic functions, microgravity situations); health-care programmes for space crews.
Lea & Febiger, Box 3024, 200 Chester Field Parkway, Malvern, PA 19355-9725, USA; in Europe: Waverly Europe Ltd., Broadway House, 2-6 Fulham Broadway, London SW6 1AA, United Kingdom, 3rd ed., 1994. xx, 481p. Illus. Bibl.ref. Index. Price: GBP 85.00.
Jalbert M., Maître A., Stoklov M., Romazini S., Morin B., Perdrix A.
Lead poisoning risk in microwelding operations in the electronics industry
Risque saturnin des opérations de microsoudure en électronique [in French]
Lead exposure of welders using a lead and tin alloy was assessed comparing the blood lead levels of 169 welders in the electronics industry and those of 98 controls. Procedures included monitoring of airborne lead and surveying personal hygiene practices and soldering use by questionnaire. Atmospheric concentrations were all under 75µg/m3. No blood level was over 40µg/100mL, and there was no significant difference between blood lead levels of microwelding operators and controls. However, men and women have different lead levels, and eating and drinking at the workplace significantly modify blood lead concentration. According to this study, manual soldering operators in the electronics industry, using soldering irons and a solder of 40% lead and 60% tin, are not being exposed to a lead hazard.
Archives des maladies professionnelles et de médecine du travail, 1994, Vol.55, No.8, p.589-594. 25 ref.
Laurent P., Cuisnet P., Lecerf J.M.
Study on lunchbox eating and its digestive consequences, carried out among building workers of the Lille area from 1989 to 1992
Enquête sur l'alimentation à la gamelle et ses conséquences digestives, réalisée chez des salariés du bâtiment et des travaux publics dans la région lilloise, entre 1989 et 1992 [in French]
The results of a cross-sectional study carried out on 1,005 building workers are presented, confirming the strong prevalence of digestive disorders (27%), and their lesser occurrence among those using a thermos than among traditional lunchbox users, even after adjustment for confounding factors. The results of two complementary studies carried out to explain this difference are also reported: a microbiological study on 72 randomized meals revealed that 52.3% of thermos lunches did not have a satisfactory microbiological quality, compared with 19.6% for traditional lunchbox meals; a 24-hour dietary survey based on 30 randomized workers revealed a lower added fat content (sauce) in the midday meal of thermos users (18.7g) than in the midday meal of traditional lunchbox users (18.3g) (p<0.05). A correlation (p<0.05) between the midday meal added fat content consumption and the midday meal alcohol consumption was also observed.
Archives des maladies professionnelles et de médecine du travail, 1994, Vol.55, No.6, p.455-461. 4 ref.
Mearns K.J., Fenn C.E.
Health and Safety Executive, Offshore Technology Report
Diet, health and the offshore worker - A pilot study
This report presents the results from a pilot study to survey the number and types of health promotion programmes currently in operation on offshore installations in the UK and Norwegian sectors of the North Sea. Most respondents gave offshore health promotion high priority because of the ageing offshore population and their relatively poor lifestyle (smoking, lack of exercise and overeating). A range of programmes is currently in operation but they are limited to 47% of Norwegian platforms and 39% of British platforms which replied to the questionnaire. The data reflect a growing interest in preventive medicine and health promotion offshore. Appendices: questionnaires.
HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 6FS, United Kingdom, 1994. vi, 42p. 35 ref. Price: GBP 10.00.
Lambert M.I., Cheevers E.J., Coopoo Y.
Relationship between energy expenditure and productivity of sugar cane cutters and stackers
Two groups of cutters and stackers from a sugar estate in South Africa wore heart rate monitors for a working day during which time all food and fluids ingested were recorded and the tonnage of cane cut or stacked was calculated. Energy expenditure was calculated from treadmill exercise tests. There was no difference in mean productivity of the cutters and stackers; both groups expended similar amounts of energy during the working day and ingested similar amounts of energy. The best predictor of productivity was the length of the working day followed by the energy expended.
Occupational Medicine, Sep. 1994, Vol.44, No.4, p.190-194. Illus. 14 ref.
Wild C.P., Anwar W.A., Lehtinen S.
Mycotoxins as mutagens and carcinogens: Possibilities for disease prevention
Proceedings of an African regional conference on the prevention of diseases due to mycotoxins held on 23-26 January 1993 in Cairo, Egypt. Contents: mycotoxins as mutagens and carcinogens; environmental toxicology of microbial carcinogens; fumonisins produced by Fusarium monoliforme in maize, food-borne carcinogens of pan-African importance; health hazards associated with the consumption of aflatoxin-contaminated food in Sudan; mycotoxin research in Nigeria; aflatoxin as a human hepatocarcinogen and the possible interaction with hepatitis B virus; toxicological significance of mixtures of fungal toxins in food; monitoring and control strategies for mycotoxins; decontamination and detoxification of aflatoxins; aflatoxins and human disease epidemiological issues.
African Newsletter on Occupational Health and Safety, 1993, Vol.3, Suppl.2, p.1-60 (whole issue). Illus. Bibl.ref.
Restaurants and other large catering establishments [Sweden]
Restauranger och andra storhushåll [in Swedish]
This amendment of regulation AFS 1982:20 (CIS 83-570) was adopted on 25 November 1993 and is an adaptation of EEC Directives 89/392/EEC (CIS 89-1442) and 89/654/EEC (CIS 90-356). It covers: doors; belt conveyors; dishing machines; speed of trays on conveyor.
Arbetarskyddsstyrelsen, Publikationsservice, Box 1300, 171 25 Solna, Sweden, 1993. 6p.
Nogareda Cuixart S.
Nigh work and shift work: Food intake
Trabajo nocturno y trabajo a turnos: alimentación [in Spanish]
This information note analyzes the consequences of night and shift work for the digestive system due to the disturbance of the workers' circadian rhythms and provides recommendations in terms of diet for these workers. Tables are included.
Instituto Nacional de Seguridad e Higiene en el Trabajo, Ediciones y Publicaciones, c/Torrelaguna 73, 28027 Madrid, Spain, 1993. 4p. 17 ref.
Folkard S., Dirkx J., Härmä M., Knauth P., Koller M., Smith P.A., Wedderburn A.
Night and shiftwork
Edited proceedings of the 10th International Symposium on Night and Shiftwork held in Sheffield, England, on 18-22 September 1991. Topics covered include: trends in approaches to night and shiftwork and new international standards; design of shift systems; adaptation to permanent night work; after-effects of night work on short-term memory performance; day- and shiftworkers' leisure time; speed of rotation of shifts; individual differences in tolerance to shiftwork; gender, ageing and shiftwork intolerance; educational programmes for shiftworkers, their families and prospective shiftworkers; nutrition and shiftwork; study of morning and afternoon sleep quality during simulated night shift work.
Ergonomics, Jan-Mar. 1993. Vol.36, Nos.1-3. 318p. Illus. Bibl.ref.
About shiftwork safety and health
Training booklet on the safety and health aspects of shiftwork: adjustment to different biological rhythms; getting enough sleep; avoidance of stimulants or sleeping pills; safety consciousness; sensible working practices; proper eating habits; safe commuting (driving or using public transportation); importance of social life.
Scriptographic Publications Ltd., Channing House, Butts Road, Alton, Hants GU34 1ND, United Kingdom, 1992. 15p. Illus. Price: GBP 0.55-0.94 (depending on number of Scriptographic booklets ordered). ###
About safety for hotel and catering employees
Training booklet on safety for hotel and catering employees: manual handling; prevention of slips and falls; personal hygiene on the job; safe work in kitchens; avoiding burns; safety in bathrooms, laundries and changing beds; fire prevention; protection of guests.
Scriptographic Publications Ltd., Channing House, Butts Road, Alton, Hants GU34 1ND, United Kingdom, 1992. 15p. Illus. Price: GBP 0.55-0.94 (depending on number of Scriptographic booklets ordered). ###
Sorensen G., Hsieh J., Hunt M.K., Morris D.H., Harris D.R., Fitzgerald G.
Employee advisory boards as a vehicle for organizing worksite health promotion programmes
Employee advisory committees were organized to facilitate implementation of a worksite nutrition programme called Treatwell. A survey of committee members and other employees at these sites showed that the average number of hours board members spent on the committee was directly related to the proportion of employees aware of the nutrition programme. Conflicts between committee and job responsibilities was the primary factor reported as limiting the boards' effectiveness. Professionals and managers were over-represented on boards compared to non-managers.
American Journal of Health Promotion, July-Aug. 1992, Vol.6, No.6, p.443-450. Illus. 15 ref.
Society of Occupational Medicine and Ergonomics of the Provence-Côte d'Azur and Corsica regions - Meetings of 29 May, 26 June and 23 Oct. 1991
Société de médecine du travail et d'ergonomie de la région Provence-Côte d'Azur et de la région Corse - Séances du 29 mai, du 26 juin et du 23 octobre 1991 [in French]
Papers presented at the meetings of the Society of Occupational Medicine and Ergonomics of the Provence-Côte d'Azur and Corsica Regions (France, 29 May, 26 June and 23 Oct. 1991): caretakers in the Alpes-Maritimes; infectious hepatitis in specialized occupational environments; role of the industrial physician in the prophylaxis of tuberculosis; prospective survey of the employment status of construction workers declared as permanently disabled (France); vaccination against hepatitis B of non-medical personnel in a large French hospital; rehabilitation of workers with transplants and of cardiac patients after their operation; osteolysis of ungual phalanges in an automobile body-repair worker; hands of automobile body-repair workers in small and medium-size enterprises (48 cases); medical surveillance in the group-catering sector: complementary check-ups on an "as needed" basis; activity plan undertaken by several physicians (example: hygiene and ergonomics in the group-catering sector).
Archives des maladies professionnelles, 1992, Vol.53, No.4, p.296-310.
Aptel M., Wild P., Boehm R., Bergaminelli M.
Effect of different work rhythms on the sleep, eating habits and non-occupational activities of shift workers
Incidence de différents rythmes de travail sur le sommeil, les repas et les activités extra-professionnelles de salariés postés [in French]
The effect of work rhythm on sleep, eating habits and extra-professional activities is still not known very well. This study presents the results of a survey carried out on 148 shift workers in a firm manufacturing plastic packages. It appears that work rhythm has little influence on the quality and duration of sleep or the number of meals taken. Moreover, distribution of extra-professional activities seems not to be influenced by the work rhythm either. However, factors like age, sex and other sociocultural variables have a greater influence on the individual experience of shift work.
Archives des maladies professionnelles, 1992, Vol.53, No.7, p.627-638. Illus. 14 ref.
Chemical sensitivity. Volume 1
This first of four planned volumes provides a comprehensive discussion of chemical sensitivity from a clinical perspective and is the result of a study of more than 20,000 environmentally sensitive patients. Contents: introduction to the process of environmentally triggered disease; definition and principles of chemical sensitivity (total body load, adaptation, bipolarity, spreading phenomenon, switch phenomenon, biochemical individuality); nonimmune mechanisms; pollutant effects on the blood and reticuloendothelial system (lymphatic and immune system); nutritional status and pollutant overload. Glossary.
CRC Press, 22-24 Torrington Place, London WC1E 7HJ, United Kingdom, 1992. xvii, 533p. Illus. 841 ref. Index. Price: GBP 59.50.
Fitting the job to the forest worker - An illustrated training manual on ergonomics
This training manual covers the following aspects of ergonomics of forestry work: ergonomics in general; the body and work (including, among others, discussions of back pain, proper nutrition for people engaged in hard physical work, blood circulation, heat stress, variations in body size, women, young and old workers); the natural environment; technological considerations (ergonomics of machines and hand tools, suitable working methods, noise, vibration, dangerous substances); planning and work organisation; accidents and their prevention; working conditions; training in ergonomics of forestry workers, managers and supervisors (including the use of an ergonomic checklist and of questionnaires during training).
ILO Publications, International Labour Office, 1211 Genève 22, Switzerland, 1992. viii, 128p. Illus. 16 ref. Price: CHF 17.50.
Gottlieb N.H., Weinstein R.P., Baun W.B., Bernacki E.J.
A profile of health risks among blue-collar workers
This study describes the health risks and norms specific to a population of blue-collar gas pipeline workers. The workers completed a health risk appraisal and a survey designed to measure nutrition, physical activity, tobacco use, participation in health-promoting activities, group norms, and change efforts. Multivariate analysis confirmed the relationship of friends' behaviour patterns, risk-taking, and interpersonal experience to four lifestyle health behaviours. In addition to providing baseline information for the design and implementation of a health promotion programme for these gas pipeline workers, this study supplements the existing knowledge base for tailoring work-site health promotion programmes to blue-collar workers.
Journal of Occupational Medicine, Jan. 1992, Vol.34, No. 1, p.61-68. 29 ref.
Diabetes, diet and occupation
Survey of the special health needs of diabetics, in particular as they apply to their diet and workplace activities in a tropical developing country such as India. Titles of articles: diabetes and occupation (Surendranath Lal M.B.); notes from a diabetologist's diary (Aruyir S.); biochemical parameters in diabetes mellitus (Gopalakrishna V.); role of health education in the work-site diabetes control programme (Samikkannu K.C.); dietary change in India. In annex: hypoglycaemia (causes, treatment); leg exercises for diabetics.
The OHS tide, Oct. 1991, Vol.9, No.2, p.1-16 (special issue). Illus.
Zhao Y., Zhang S., Selvin S., Spear R.C.
A dose response relation for noise induced hypertension
The effect of industrial noise on the prevalence of hypertension was studied in 1101 female workers in a textile mill in Beijing in 1985. The noise levels within the plant appear to have been constant since 1954, resulting in well defined noise exposures for these workers. The study indicates that exposure to noise is a significant determinant of prevalence of hypertension, but third in order of importance behind family history of hypertension and use of salt. Each of the predictor variables exerted an independent influence on risk of hypertension. Cumulative exposure to noise was not an important dose related variable suggesting that, for those susceptible to the effect, hypertension was manifested within the first five years of exposure.
British Journal of Industrial Medicine, Mar. 1991, Vol.48, No.3, p.179-184. 19 ref. Illus.
Hayashi T., Oshita I., Yamashiro M., Nishihara T., Takagi T., Nasu M., Kosugoh R.
Labour, nutrition and recreation of farmers working on a cooperative pear-farm
Kyogyo no nashi nōen keiei noka ni okeru rōdō, eiyō, kyuyō [in Japanese]
A field study of time allocations, food intake, cumulative fatigue and health of 40 pear-growers (19 husbands and 21 wives of farm households) working on a cooperative farm was carried out in Sera, Hiroshima Prefecture, Japan, in July 1989. The average relative metabolic rate in pear-growing work was 1.48 for males and 1.61 for females, which were lower than those in other types of farming work due to mechanisation of pear-growing. However, the female workers performed less mechanised and more manual work than the men, and fatigue complaints were more pronounced in the female subjects. Their house work and additional work at their private farms were contributing factors. The energy expenditure and the intake per day were estimated to be 2571 ± 487, 2473 ± 305 kcal for males and 2220 ± 441, 1855 ± 305 kcal for females respectively. Anaemia was found in 4 women who had lower-energy breakfasts and physically heavier work than the other women.
Journal of Science of Labour - Rōdō Kagaku, 10 June 1991, Vol.67, No.6, p.293-305. 19 ref.
Vahter M., Berglund M., Lind B., Jorhem L., Slorach S., Friberg L.
Personal monitoring of lead and cadmium exposure - a Swedish study with special reference to methodological aspects
Methods for determining personal exposure to lead and cadmium were tested in Stockholm in 1988. Lead and cadmium in breathing-zone air, 24-h duplicate diets, and faeces of 15 nonsmoking women (27-46 years of age) were studied. Blood was collected at the beginning of and immediately after the test period (seven consecutive days). Most technical problems were encountered in the 24-h collection of airborne particles. The pumps were noisy, and the batteries had to be recharged every 6-8h. The lead and cadmium levels in faeces were found to be useful indicators of the total ingested amounts of these metals. Because of the large day-to-day variation in the dietary intake of lead and cadmium, the sampling period for duplicate diets and feces should be at least 5-6d.
Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment and Health, Feb. 1991, Vol.17, No.1, p.65-74. Illus. 41 ref.
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