Workplace health promotion - 523 entries found
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Talvi A.I., Järvisalo J.O., Knuts L.R., Kaitaniemi P.R.
Life-style related health promotion needs in oil refinery employees
Topics: age-linked differences; blood pressure; diet; Finland; health programmes; lipid metabolism; mental disorders; musculoskeletal diseases; obesity; petroleum refining; physical fitness; sex-linked differences; sleep; smoking; social aspects.
Occupational Medicine, Jan. 1998, Vol.48, No.1, p.45-53. Illus. 43 ref.
Drugs misuse at work
Detection and management of drugs misuse at work. Topics: drug dependence; drug testing; health programmes; information of personnel; narcotics; work capacity.
Safety and Health Practitioner, Apr. 1998, Vol.16, No.4, p.30-32. 13 ref.
Vasse R., Nijhuis F., Kok G.
Effectiveness of a personalized health profile for blue-collar workers
Topics: blue-collar workers; health programmes; human behaviour; information of personnel; Netherlands; programme evaluation; risk awareness; social aspects; state of health; subjective assessment.
Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Jan. 1998, Vol.40, No.1, p.69-75. 21 ref.
Taylor G., Easter K.M., Hegney R.P.
Australian Centre for Work Safety
Enhancing safety: Australian national curriculum - Workplace health programmes workbook
Topics: Australia; economic aspects; health programmes; training course; training material; workmen's compensation.
Training Publications of Western Australia, Prospect Place, West Perth, WA 6005, Australia, 1998. iii, 32p. Illus. 19 ref.
Leclerc A., Landre M.F., Pietri F., Beaudoin M., David S.
Evaluation of interventions for prevention of back, neck and shoulder disorders in three occupational groups
An epidemiological study was carried out in order to evaluate the effects of prevention programs at the workplace aimed at reducing back, neck, and shoulder morbidity among active workers. The intervention group included 275 workers in three occupational subgroups: hospital workers, warehouse workers, and office workers. The control group included 250 workers as comparable as possible to the intervention group. Comparisons were made according to one-year changes in morbidity scores for low back, upper back, neck, and shoulder disorders separately. An overall measure was also used. The one-year change in the overall measure was significantly different between the intervention group and the control group, indicating a positive effect of the prevention programs.
International Journal of Occupational and Environmental Health, Jan.-Mar. 1997, Vol.3 No.1, p.5-12. 23 ref.
Montesdeoca Hernández D., Montesdeoca Hernández M.J.
Prevention of smoking and alcoholism by the mutual occupational accident insurances: A proposal
La prevención del tabaquismo y alcoholismo desde las mutuas de accidentes de trabajo: una propuesta [in Spanish]
Topics: alcoholism; health programmes; information of personnel; plant safety and health organization; role of insurance institutions; smoking; Spain.
Medicina y seguridad del trabajo, 1997, Vol.44, No.175, p.75-80.
Lehtinen S., Rantanen J.E., Rantanen J.H.
The UN and its special organizations in Africa
Topics: Africa; conditions of work; health programmes; ILO; international organizations; round-up; UN; WHO.
African Newsletter on Occupational Health and Safety, Dec. 1997, Vol.7, No.3, p.64-67. Illus.
Office ergonomics programs - A case study of North American corporations
Topics: Canada; ergonomic evaluation; ergonomics; hazard evaluation; health programmes; implementation of control measures; information of personnel; offices; programme evaluation; survey; telecommuting; USA; workplace design.
Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Dec. 1997, Vol.39, No.12, p.1203-1211. 3 ref.
Bilateral collaboration programm for pneumoconiosis prevention - Support for Quebec government action to promote the International Labour Organization's Convention 162 on asbestos
Programme de collaboration bilatérale sur la prévention des pneumoconioses - Support aux actions du gouvernement du Québec pour la promotion de la Convention 162 sur l'amiante de l'Organisation internationale du Travail [in French]
Programa de colaboración bilateral sobre la prevención de la neumoconiosis - Apoyo a las acciones del gobierno de Quebec para promocionar la Convención 162 sobre el amianto de la Organización Internacional del Trabajo [in Spanish]
Training programme for pneumoconiosis prevention in countries importing asbestos from Canada. Topics: asbestos; Canada; exposure evaluation; health programmes; ILO; medical prevention; medical supervision; pneumoconiosis; Quebec; report; standard; training of OSH personnel.
Institut de recherche en santé et en sécurité du travail du Québec, 505 boul. de Maisonneuve Ouest, Montréal, Québec H3A 3C2, Canada, Sep. 1997. 17p.
Public health in Europe
La santé publique en Europe [in French]
Report on public health in Europe and the European network for workplace health promotion. Topics: European Communities; health programmes; information of personnel; plant health organization; workers participation.
Office for Official Publications of the European Communities, 2985 Luxembourg, Grand Duchy of Luxembourg, 1997. 193p. Illus. Price: ECU 15.00.
Engels J.A., van der Gulden J.W.J., Senden T.F.
Prevention of musculoskeletal complaints in nursing: Aims, approach and content of an ergonomic-educational programme
Topics: ergonomics; health programmes; human behaviour; manual lifting; musculoskeletal diseases; nursing personnel; programme evaluation; safety and health training.
Safety Science, Nov.-Dec. 1997, Vol.27, No.2/3. P.141-148. 21 ref.
Environmental Health Services Act 1997 [Commonwealth of Dominica]
This Act stipulates minimum standards for private or industrial activities to ensure the maintenance of a clean, healthy and aesthetically pleasing environment. Provisions cover: establishment and functions of authorities and institutions charged with the protection of the environment and public health; obtaining a certificate of approval for any activities liable to harm the environment or public health (emission of contaminants or pollutants); special powers of the Chief Environmental Health Officer and judicial procedures; penalties for offences under the Act; and powers of the Minister of Health regarding the protection of the environment and public health. In annex: composition of the Environmental Health Board. This Act repeals Public Health Act No.15 of 1968.
Offprint from the Dominica. Laws, Statutes. Act, Commonwealth of Dominica, 1997. 37p.
Sorensen G., et al.
Worksite characteristics and changes in worksite tobacco-control initiatives - Results from the COMMIT Study
A survey of worksites participating in the Community Intervention Trial (COMMIT) for Smoking Cessation (conducted in 11 communities in North America) showed that 34% of those that did not have a smoking ban at baseline (1990) had adopted a smoke-free policy by the time of the final survey (1993); the prevalence of policy adoption was higher among worksites employing more female employees and offering other health-promotion activities. 36% of those offering no cessation assistance at baseline were offering cessation resources at follow-up; adoption of cessation programmes was more likely among worksites employing 100 to 249 workers, and among those predominantly employing men, those offering other types of health-promotion activities, and those with a higher rate of turnover.
Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, June 1997, Vol.39, No.6, p.520-526. 21 ref.
Muto T., et al.
Methods to persuade higher management to invest in health promotion programmes in the workplace
A questionnaire survey of 242 occupational health professionals in Japan showed that 81% had attempted to persuade higher management to implement a workplace health promotion programme. The most effective methods of persuasion were considered to be advice to the health and safety committee and recommendations from occupational physicians. Data used to persuade management included statistics on medical examinations, reports on worksite inspections and health care plans.
Occupational Medicine, May 1997, Vol.47, No.4, p.210-216. 35 ref.
Ergonomics program development: Prevention in the workplace
The development of an ergonomics programme to prevent work-related repetitive strain injuries in an electronics manufacturing company is described. Hazard assessment consisted of a review of injury/illness records by department and location, work site surveys, and a survey of workers for evidence of risk-related tasks. Tasks were prioritized according to degree of hazard, and alternative interventions were developed for each task. Intervention activities included evaluation by an ergonomics corrective action team and an ergonomics specialist team, training, exercises, and changes to equipment and processes. The programme resulted in a significant reduction in repetitive strain injury severity.
American Industrial Hygiene Association Journal, Feb. 1997, Vol.58, No.2, p.145-149. 6 ref.
Mansfield J.A., Armstrong T.J.
Library of Congress workplace ergonomics program
An ergonomics programme to control the risk of musculoskeletal disorders and to improve worker comfort and efficiency at the Library of Congress is described. The programme involved a commitment by upper management, establishment of a coordinating committee, and development by the committee of a written plan that included health risk factor surveillance, interventions and training. Consultants provided training for committee members and engineering analysis to support job analysis and design. Details of programme activities and costs are provided. An evaluation of the programme one year after implementation highlighted areas for improvement.
American Industrial Hygiene Association Journal, Feb. 1997, Vol.58, No.2, p.138-144. 5 ref.
Corporate ergonomics program of a large poultry processor
A corporate-wide ergonomics programme designed to combat continued increases in musculoskeletal disorders at a large poultry processor is described. The programme involved the establishment of ergonomics committees at each facility, extensive training, worksite analysis and task design, and the implementation of medical management procedures for musculoskeletal disorders. An ergonomics assessment was completed annually at each location to identify weaknesses and to ensure compliance with the goals of the programme. Benefits of the programme included reduced workers' compensation claims and costs, and improved employee morale and productivity.
American Industrial Hygiene Association Journal, Feb. 1997, Vol.58, No.2, p.132-137. 4 ref.
Moore J.S., Garg A.
Participatory ergonomics in a red meat packing plant. Part I: Evidence of long-term effectiveness
The development and evaluation of an ergonomics programme initiated in 1986 at a red meat packing plant is described. Analysis of injury and illness data indicated that crude annual incidence rates and lost-time incidence rates increased during the period 1986-1993. There was no consistent pattern of increase or decrease for severity rates, but a shift from lost time to restricted time was noted. The percentage of recordable disorders that were ergonomics-related stayed constant. A consistent and progressive decrease in workers' compensation costs was also noted.
American Industrial Hygiene Association Journal, Feb. 1997, Vol.58, No.2, p.127-131. 6 ref.
Health promotion in hairdressing
Gesundheitsförderung im Friseurhandwerk [in German]
Topics: dermatitis; eczema; Germany; hairdressing; health programmes; musculoskeletal diseases; questionnaire survey; round-up; skin allergies.
G. Conrad, Verlag für Gesundheitsförderung, Uissigheimer Str. 10, 97956 Hamburg, Germany, 1996. 207p. Illus. approx. 404 ref. Price: DEM 53.00.
Emmett E. A.
What is the strategic value of occupational and environmental medicine?
The evolving interrelated nature of occupational and environmental health is emphasized in this article. Workers, industry and governments have much to gain from a strengthened strategic positioning of occupational and environmental medicine.
Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Nov. 1996, Vol.38, No.11, p.1124-1134. 41 ref.
Bernacki E., Tsai S. P
Managed care for workers' compensation: Three years of experience in an "employee choice" state
This article reports three years of activity of the Johns Hopkins Self-Insured Workers' Compensation Program in the State of Maryland, USA. The occupational physician/nurse team coordinates the entire care-management system from prevention of accidents to facilitated return to work. The latter includes follow-up of workplace hazards and corrections of unfavourable ergonomic conditions. The decrease in claims and the significant savings achieved indicate the success of this integrated approach in a state where employees are free to choose their physicians.
Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Nov. 1996, Vol.38, No.11, p.1091-1097. Illus. 13 ref.
Warner K.E., Smith R.J., Smith D.G., Fries B.E.
Health and economic implications of a work-site smoking-cessation program: A simulation analysis
A simulation model for evaluating the health and economic effects of a work-site smoking-cessation programme is presented. A simulation was carried out on a hypothetical manufacturing workforce of 10,000 employees. Cost-effectiveness and net cost savings were calculated in relation to intervention costs, and behavioural (smoking cessation), health and financial benefits. As a result of employee turnover, approximately half of the programme-generated profits were realized by the community outside the firm. However, smoking cessation was a sound economic investment for the firm, particularly when long-term benefits were included.
Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Oct. 1996, Vol.38, No.10, p.981-992. 29 ref.
The California pesticide program: Comments from the front lines
The California pesticide safety programme is discussed from the point of view of a physician practising in an agriculture-rich area. The programme has 8 components: mandatory reporting of pesticide illness; tracking of pesticide sales; transportation and use; cholinesterase testing for applicators; integrated pest management; pest control advisers; safety and pest control operator programmes; physician education; pesticide regulation. Key points of each component are discussed and recommendations for improvement are put forward.
Journal of Agromedicine, 1996, Vol.3, No.4, p.57-68. 19 ref.
Bundesanstalt für Arbeitsmedizin
Prevention of work-related musculoskeletal diseases
Prävention arbeitsbedingter Muskel-Skelett-Erkrankungen [in German]
At the symposium on musculoskeletal diseases caused or enhanced by work, which took place on 10 June 1995 at the Federal Institute for Occupational Medicine in Berlin, Germany, 10 papers were presented. Subjects covered: extent of musculoskeletal diseases at workplaces in Germany; results of epidemiological studies conducted in companies and offices and of experimental studies on the effects of vibrations or combined physical and mental work on musculoskeletal diseases; survey of plant health programmes in Germany; survey of plant health programmes initiated in other countries such as Finland and Norway to reduce musculoskeletal diseases at the workplace; instruments for the promotion of plant health programmes such as training to assume ergonomic work postures and physical fitness programmes; experiences with physical fitness and training programmes; use of lifting equipment by nursing personnel.
Wirtschaftsverlag NW, Postfach 10 11 10, 27511 Bremerhaven, Germany, 1996. 128p. Illus.
Kushnir T., Vigiser D., Weisberg E., Ribak J.
A graduate course in work site health promotion for occupational health practitioners
The rationale, teaching strategies and outcomes of an academic course in work site health promotion at the University Medical School in Tel-Aviv, Israel are described. The course included encouraging the students to undergo health screening and to follow a personal health promotion plan. A 6-month follow-up of the 35 course participants showed that most were still adhering to their plans and maintaining their health promotion achievements. The course format is considered to be an effective means of educating health promoters.
Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Mar. 1996, Vol.38, No.3, p.284-289. 22 ref.
Kerr J., Griffiths A., Cox T.
Workplace health - Employee fitness and exercise
This manual examines the role of workplace fitness and exercise programmes in the promotion of employee health and well-being. Contents: organizational and individual perspectives of employee exercise programmes; financial aspects; assessing the relationship between exercise and employee mental health; role of activity and fitness in mental health; psychological benefits of physical exercise for women; exercise programmes and the promotion of health; exercise as a method of stress management; exercise, shiftwork and sleep; alcohol abuse, physical fitness and the prevention of relapse; employee fitness programmes and reduced absenteeism.
Taylor & Francis, Rankine Road, Basingstoke, Hampshire RG24 8PR, United Kingdom, 1996. xiv, 193p. Bibl.ref. Index. Price: GBP 17.95.
Lerman Y., Shemer J.
Epidemiologic characteristics of participants and nonparticipants in health-promotion programs
In a study of career army personnel in Israel, differences in demographic characteristics and health behaviour between participants and nonparticipants in a health-promotion programme were explored. Compared with the total career army population, participants tended to be older and more educated, to be foreign-born and of Eastern ethnic origin, and to have more children. The participant population also included more women and married individuals and had a low smoking prevalence and a high mean exercise rate. This programme preferentially enrolled people already committed to healthy lifestyles, and did not reach all segments of the work force equally.
Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, May 1996, Vol.38, No.5, p.535-538. 20 ref.
Essentials of safety and health management
This manual is in 11 sections: introduction to occupational accidents and statistical aspects; safety programme management (programme organization, engineering design and construction, training and motivation, incident reporting and accident prevention, effective safety management, process safety management, control of hazardous materials); health programme management (an effective health management programme, ergonomics, risk communication); regulatory compliance; legal aspects; risk management; application of modern management principles to safety and health; safety and health training; international developments; standards of competence; the future (safety and health professionals, use of computer technology in environmental compliance).
CRC Press Inc., 2000 Corporate Blvd., N.W., Boca Raton, Florida 33431, USA, 1996. xx, 712p. Bibl.ref. Index. Price: GBP 49.00.
Craig A., Hancock K.
The influence of a healthy lifestyle program in a work environment: A controlled long-term study
A group of university staff participated in a six-week health education programme designed to teach participants the skills needed to self-manage stress. Physical and psychological health assessments were carried out before the programme, on completion of the programme, and again two years later. Compared to a non-participating control group, the treatment group showed significant improvements immediately following the intervention. However, two years after, differences between the two groups were small. While direct intervention can be of great benefit to the individual in the short term, these benefits tend to disappear over time if contact is not maintained.
Journal of Occupational Health and Safety - Australia and New Zealand, Apr. 1996, Vol.12, No.2, p.193-206. Illus. 31 ref.
Sakari W.D.O., Rantanen J., Shilla C.P.N., Kitumbo H.I., Lehtinen S., Shuster L., Jensen H.E., Tornberg V.P., Lamberg M.E., Mattila M., Mayaka A.N.
From theory to practice - Successes in occupational health
This issue is primarily devoted to the theme of the practical implementation of occupational health programmes. Contents: prerequisites for success in occupational safety and health; productivity enhancements resulting from improvements in working conditions in small and medium-sized enterprises in Swaziland; African regional consultation on the prevention of occupational diseases and accidents; review article of an ILO conference on the occupational health of workers in small enterprises; implementation of low-cost ergonomic solutions in South Africa; process of launching a national newsletter; summary of the evaluation of the South African Safety and Health Project. Other topics: improving electrical safety; technical applications of radiation and radiation protection.
African Newsletter on Occupational Health and Safety, Dec. 1995, Vol.5, No.3, p.51-70 (whole issue). Illus. 15 ref.
World Health Organization (WHO)
Health promotion in the workplace - Strategy options
This document outlines options available to European countries for developing health promotion programmes in the workplace. Contents: economic and social costs of workplace health problems; components of health promotion strategies (tackling health hazards at work, promoting work as a positive influence on psychosocial health, and supporting lifestyle changes); current state of workplace health promotion in Europe; barriers to programme implementation and factors associated with success; role of governments, employees, employers, occupational health services and others; implementing a health promotion programme.
Occupational Health Programme, WHO Regional Office for Europe, Scherfigsvej 8, 2100 København Ø, Denmark, 1995. 56p. 59 ref.
Freie Universität Berlin
Occupational health promotion in Berlin
Betriebliche Gesundheitsförderung in Berlin [in German]
Main themes of papers presented at this seminar on occupational health promotion in Berlin held in Germany on 10 and 11 July 1994: 1. Overview: general conditions of health promotion at work; motivation of the various partners in plants towards internal occupational health measures; health promotion as a long-term project; qualifications required for the implementation and follow-up of health promotion measures in the enterprise; quality insurance and results assessment; 2. Instruments and methods; 3. Case studies in Berlin: in the industry (Mercedes Benz, Schering Aktiengesellschaft, Siemens, Berliner Wasserbetrieben); in the public service (district Council of Berlin-Reinickendorf, Freie Universität Berlin, psychiatric hospital of Spandau (NKS)); 4. Institutions active in the field of occupational health promotion; 5. Regional cooperation. Appendix.
Freie Universität Berlin, Referat Weiterbildung, Kooperationsstelle FU-DGB, Rüdesheimer Strasse 1, 14197 Berlin, Germany, 1995. 217p. Price: DEM 15,00.
The uncertainty factor in the setting of occupational exposure standards
In recent years new programmes have appeared within the European Communities and the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development involving risk assessment of chemicals in relation to their potential health effects on various sections of the human population, including workers. As an element of such programmes, judgements are required to be made about the acceptability of occupational exposure to chemicals at particular levels, taking into account the toxicological data available. Some of these programmes seek to establish "health-based" occupational exposure limits. Uncertainty factors have a significant influence in such considerations. There is notable absence of published information in relation to the quantitative aspects of decision-making in this area. This paper discusses the current situation regarding uncertainty factors involved in deriving a "health-based" occupational exposure limit, The Occupational Exposure Standard in the United Kingdom. The uncertainty factors involved in the proposals of the WATCH (Working Group on the Assessment of Toxic Chemicals) panel of the Health and Safety Commission's Advisory Committee on Toxic Substances for occupational exposure standards for substances considered in the period 1990-1993 have been analyzed.
Annals of Occupational Hygiene, June 1995, Vol.39, No.3, p.375-385. 6 ref.
Marstedt G., Mergner U.
Health as productive potential - Occupational safety and health promotion in the context of social and corporate change
Gesundheit als produktives Potential - Arbeitsschutz und Gesundheitsförderung im gesellschaftlichen und betrieblichen Strukturwandel [in German]
Subjects covered: calculating the cost of accidents to society in general and to the individual company; cost-benefit analyses of safety programmes; present-day changes in enterprises, such as the increase in the number of women workers, highly educated employees and employees over 50yrs of age in the workforce, the use of new technologies such as computer-aided design and computer-aided manufacturing and of management strategies such as lean production and team work and the impact on safety and health; safety and health problems in small and medium-sized enterprises.
Edition Sigma, Karl-Marx-Strasse 17, 12043 Berlin, Germany, 1995. 208p. 145 ref. Price: DEM 24.80.
McGrail M.P., Tsai S.P., Bernacki E.J.
A comprehensive initiative to manage the incidence and cost of occupational injury and illness
A managed care programme involving an in-house preferred provider organization, medical case management and application of ergonomic principles was implemented at a large, university-based medical centre. During the period studied, 1991-1993, there was a significant decrease in injuries and illness and in average days lost per event. There was an increase in the number of restricted-duty days and an 18% reduction in workers' medical and indemnity costs. The study demonstrates the initial effectiveness of an aggressive ergonomic and managed care approach to reducing the incidence, severity and cost of occupational injury and illness.
Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Nov. 1995, Vol.37, No.11, p.1263-1268. 15 ref.
West G.A., Michaud R.W.
Principles of environmental health and safety management
This manual provides advice on developing an environmental management programme within an enterprise. Contents: understanding the company that the environmental health and safety (EH&S) programme is to serve; advantages of an EH&S programme; establishing the scope of corporate policies and programmes; organization of an EH&S management programme; environmental education and training; information management; cost accounting; effective workplace communications; strategic planning; process safety; pollution prevention and waste minimization; environmental concerns in business transactions; role of auditing and benchmarking. In appendix: comparative discussion of ISO standards 9000 (total quality management) and draft 14000 (environmental management).
Government Institutes Inc., 4 Research Place, Suite 200, Rockville, MD 20850, USA, 1995. xix, 359p. Bibl.ref. Index.
Yassi A., Tate R., Cooper J.E., Snow C., Vallentyne S., Khokhar J.B.
Early intervention for back-injured nurses at a large Canadian tertiary care hospital - An evaluation of the effectiveness and cost benefits of a two-year pilot project
A two-year early intervention programme for back-injuries was introduced among 250 nurses employed in high-risk wards at a large teaching hospital. The programme consisted of prompt assessment, treatment and rehabilitation through modified work. Compared to the two years prior to the introduction of the programme, the rates of back injuries and lost-time back injuries decreased by 23% and 43% respectively; these rates increased among nurses in other wards. Combined medical and compensation expenditure was 32% lower per injury and 34% lower per lost-time injury in the targeted group. The programme was thus successful in terms of effectiveness and cost-effectiveness.
Occupational Medicine, Aug. 1995, Vol.45, No.4, p.209-214. 19 ref.
Ren A., Okubo T., Takahashi K.
Health status, health habits, utilization behaviour and health care utilization in an actively employed Japanese population
Health care utilization data for local public service employees were obtained from health insurance claims. The data were analyzed in relation to data on their perceived health status, health habits, health care utilization behaviour and health related worries obtained from a questionnaire survey. Health care utilization behaviour was the most important predictor of health care utilization, followed by perceived health status and some health habits (sleep, diet, body weight). Findings indicate that if utilization behaviour modification is incorporated into various worksite health programmes, greater reduction can be achieved in employee health care utilization and costs.
Occupational Medicine, Aug. 1995, Vol.45, No.4, p.186-192. Illus. 25 ref.
Health and Safety Commission, Education Service Advisory Committee
Managing health and safety in schools
This document describes the key elements of effective health and safety management systems in schools. It is addressed to school employers, head teachers, other managers and staff. Contents: the need for health and safety management; health and safety policy and the commitment of senior management; organizing for health and safety and the promotion of a positive health and safety culture by means of communication, co-operation, control and competence; planning and implementing and the need for hazard identification and risk assessment; monitoring and review of health and safety arrangements.
HSE Books, PO Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 6FS, United Kingdom, 1995. iv, 26p. 24 ref. Price: GBP 5.95.
Declaration on occupational health for all
A WHO meeting held in Beijing, People's Republic of China, 11-14 October 1994, discussed and adopted a proposal for a WHO Global Strategy for Occupational Health for All (for the eventual document, see CIS 95-909). Health at work was recognized as a priority issue and ways to achieve healthy working life were set forth in this declaration.
World Health Organization, 1211 Genève 27, Switzerland, 1994. 7p.
Pressel G., Slesina W.
Health circles in the service sector: A pilot project in the context of an occupational medical service
Gesundheitszirkel im Dienstleistungsbereich: ein Modellprojekt im Rahmen eines Betriebsärztlichen Dienstes [in German]
The work of three safety and health committees for 12,000 employees of an airport administration in Germany is described. Committee 1 was concerned with the employees in the vehicle repair shop. Committee 2 was assigned to the employees dealing with passenger safety. Committee 3 took care of lower levels of management. The committees comprised eight to ten participants. In addition to the industrial physician, representatives of the affected employees participated in identifying all stress factors, physical responses to stress, and in finding improvements. In all three groups stress caused by time pressure and uncooperative colleagues was highest. Unfavourable environmental conditions were next, followed by heavy physical workload and accidents.
Arbeitsmedizin - Sozialmedizin - Umweltmedizin, 1994, Vol.29, No.9, p.387-392. Illus. 8 ref.
Maxim L.D., Kelly W.P., Walters T., Waugh R.
A multiyear workplace-monitoring program for refractory ceramic fibers
This paper summarizes interim results of a five-year workplace monitoring programme conducted by firms belonging to the Refractory Ceramic Fibers Coalition (RCFC) pursuant to a Consent Agreement with the US EPA. This paper reviews the refractory ceramic fibre (RCF) industry, findings of animal bioassay and epidemiological investigations, and the regulatory approach used by EPA. In brief, the programme will gather 720 time-weighted average (TWA) workplace concentration measurements annually, partitioned among eight functional job classifications, both from plants that manufacture and from those that process or use RCF. Statistical analyses reveal that: workplace airborne RCF concentration data are approximately log-normally distributed; 93% of workplace TWAs are beneath the industry's recommended exposure guideline of one fibre per cubic centimetre; there are significant differences in average workplace RCF concentrations among job types.
Regulatory Toxicology and Pharmacology, Dec. 1994, Vol.20, No.3, Pt.2, p.S200-S215. Illus. 46 ref.
Saiki C.L., Gold E.B., Schenker M.B.
Workplace policy on hazards to reproductive health
This chapter on workplace policy pays particular attention to the paradox that the worker's right to be free of discrimination in the workplace may conflict with the right to be free of hazards to reproduction. Legal and ethical concerns are discussed, as are issues such as employee counselling, job transfers and reassignments, and screening, monitoring, and surveillance.
Occupational Medicine: State of the Art Reviews, July-Sep. 1994, Vol.9, No.3, p.541-549. 26 ref.
McDiarmid M., Gillen N.A., Hathon L.
Regulatory considerations of occupational tuberculosis control
According to this study, the classic hierarchy of industrial hygiene controls may be successfully used to control TB. Various elements of hygiene control programmes reviewed here include TB exposure control programmes, identification and isolation of patients, respiratory isolation, local source capture ventilation, laboratory procedures, employee surveillance programmes, reporting of occupational illnesses, labelling requirements, and respiratory protection.
Occupational Medicine: State of the Art Reviews, Oct.-Dec. 1994, Vol.9, No.4, p.671-679. 25 ref.
Nicogossian A.E., Huntoon C.L., Pool S.L.
Space physiology and medicine
Contents of this manual: overview of human space flight (history, characteristics of the space environment, planetary exploration); spacecraft and the spacecraft environment (life support systems, extravehicular activities, airborne toxic hazards, microbiology, radiation and radiobiology, human capabilities in the spacecraft environment); physiologic adaptation to space flight (motion sickness, sensory and sensory-motor function, cardiopulmonary function, nutrition, muscle structure and function, bone and mineral metabolism, endocrine and biochemical functions, haematologic and immunologic functions, microgravity situations); health-care programmes for space crews.
Lea & Febiger, Box 3024, 200 Chester Field Parkway, Malvern, PA 19355-9725, USA; in Europe: Waverly Europe Ltd., Broadway House, 2-6 Fulham Broadway, London SW6 1AA, United Kingdom, 3rd ed., 1994. xx, 481p. Illus. Bibl.ref. Index. Price: GBP 85.00.
Lehmann F., Hoff H.G.
Potential of promoting health within a corporation by a group of employees
Potential zur betrieblichen Gesundheitsförderung bei einer Gruppe von Angestellten [in German]
A questionnaire survey of 134 employees from different companies who volunteered to promote the health of fellow employees was conducted. Self-improvement, enhancing the quality of work and the wish to support colleagues were mentioned as the most important motives for volunteering as health promoters in their company. These motives are seen as the basis for permanent implementation of volunteer work in companies to carry out health programmes.
Zeitschrift für Präventivmedizin und Gesundheitsförderung, 1994, Vol.6, No.4, p.108-116. Illus. 24 ref.
Workplace health promotion - A specification for training
The framework of a specification for training in workplace health promotion contains two elements - target groups and health promotion processes (marketing health promotion, setting up structures, assessing needs, developing and implementing a health promotion plan, evaluating and amending the plan). Details are provided of the 34 training modules which support the framework along with instructions for its adaptation for use within specific contexts. Includes a review of the literature on workplace health promotion and examples of actual training courses.
European Foundation for the Improvement of Living and Working Conditions, Loughlinstown House, Shankill, Co. Dublin, Ireland, 1994. viii, 58p. 84 ref.
Brooks L., Merkel S.F., Glowatz M., Comstock M.L., Shoner L.G.
A comprehensive reproductive health program in the workplace
This paper summarizes the reproductive health component of the occupational health programme in place at a telecommunication company's research laboratory. The comprehensive Research and Development Reproductive Health Program is a collaborative effort between the Health Services Group and the Environmental Health & Safety Center. It provides a tailored curriculum to occupational health nurses and physicians so that they may respond to employee questions and concerns with detailed information and with referrals to appropriate subject matter experts. Expanding on the typical regulatory approaches of hazard communications and right to know, the programme encourages employees of both sexes to learn about workplace, environmental and lifestyle aspects of reproductive and developmental health.
American Industrial Hygiene Association Journal, Apr. 1994, Vol.55, No.4, p.352-357. 15 ref.
Employee surveys as tools for the collection of subjective data in programmes for the promotion of health in the enterprise
Mitarbeiterbefragung als Instrument zur Erhebung subjektiver Daten im Rahmen betrieblicher Gesundheitsförderungsprogramme [in German]
Employee surveys reveal information that is not brought forth by analysis of employee absenteeism and disability data. They also give workers the chance to participate in the planning and evaluation of worksite health promotion programmes. This article outlines how employee surveys fit into the process of worksite health promotion, which types of survey instruments exist and how to prepare, carry out and analyze an employee survey. German practice is compared with US and Canadian survey tools.
Zeitschrift für Präventivmedizin und Gesundheitsförderung, 1994, Vol.6, No.2, p.48-55. Illus. 17 ref.
Mearns K.J., Fenn C.E.
Health and Safety Executive, Offshore Technology Report
Diet, health and the offshore worker - A pilot study
This report presents the results from a pilot study to survey the number and types of health promotion programmes currently in operation on offshore installations in the UK and Norwegian sectors of the North Sea. Most respondents gave offshore health promotion high priority because of the ageing offshore population and their relatively poor lifestyle (smoking, lack of exercise and overeating). A range of programmes is currently in operation but they are limited to 47% of Norwegian platforms and 39% of British platforms which replied to the questionnaire. The data reflect a growing interest in preventive medicine and health promotion offshore. Appendices: questionnaires.
HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 6FS, United Kingdom, 1994. vi, 42p. 35 ref. Price: GBP 10.00.
Sepulveda M., Goetz A., Grana J.
Measuring second-order selection bias in a work site health program
Magnitude and direction of second-order self selection bias were assessed in a sample of 93,807 employees who participated in a large computer company's voluntary health assessment (VHA) programme, by comparing repeat participants with one-time participants and by simulating selection into the repeat sample. One-time and repeat VHA participants differed systematically but not uniformly in several health characteristics. Repeat participants improved significantly in risk-relevant behaviours and health risk measures. Simulation of selection bias by excluding healthier or less healthy participants from the repeat VHA sample did not eliminate the improvement. Second order selection bias cannot automatically be assumed to inflate improvement nor to be of sufficient magnitude to affect conclusions about programme effects. Simulation is a useful tool for gauging direction and magnitude of selection bias.
Journal of Occupational Medicine, Mar. 1994, Vol.36, No.3, p.326-333. 11 ref.
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