Workplace health promotion - 523 entries found
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Seymour L., Grove B.
Workplace interventions for people with common mental health problems: Evidence review and recommendations
Common mental health problems are widespread among employed persons. This literature review was designed to provide evidence-based answers on key questions related to mental ill-health in the workplace. It is intended to assist managers, occupational health professionals and other interested parties in making management decisions and offering advice. The main questions addressed are: evidence for preventive programmes at work and the conditions under which they are most effective; interventions that most effectively enable employees identified as being at risk to remain at work; interventions that most effectively support rehabilitation and return to work of employees who have had periods of mental ill-health related sickness. Findings are discussed.
British Occupational Health Research Foundation (BOHRF), 6, St. Andrew's Place, Regent's Park, London. NW1 4LB, United Kingdom, 2005. PDF document. 96p. 104 ref.
http://www.bohrf.org.uk/downloads/cmh_rev.pdf [in English]
Pesticide-related illness and injury surveillance - A how-to guide for state-based programs
This guide explains how to define and operate medical surveillance programmes for acute and subacute effects of pesticide exposure. It includes guidelines for case investigation, data collection, outreach, and occupational hygiene education. Additional useful information for use both in the initial phases of developing a surveillance programme and the ongoing implementation of the surveillance system is provided in the appendices. The guide also addresses issues of capturing data on pesticide-related illnesses and injuries in workplace and non-workplace settings.
Publications Dissemination, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH), 4676 Columbia Parkway, Cincinnati, OH 45226-2002, USA, Nov. 2005. xv, 272p. Illus. Bibl. ref.
http://www.cdc.gov/niosh/docs/2006-102/pdfs/2006-102.pdf [in English]
Occupational safety and health: Programmes and materials 2006
Campagnes et offres de prévention 2006 [in French]
Prävention: Kampagnen und Angebote 2006 [in German]
Prevenzione: campagne e proposte 2006 [in Italian]
This booklet lists all occupational safety and health training programmes and materials available from SUVA, grouped under the following headings: occupational safety and health management systems; main causes of accidents; prevention of occupational diseases; building and construction; forestry; woodworking; ergonomics; health promotion; management of absenteeism; safety and health protection during leisure activities.
Suva, Postfach, 6002 Luzern, Switzerland, 2006. 48p. Illus.
http://wwwitsp1.suva.ch/sap/its/mimes/waswo/99/pdf/88089-d.pdf [in German]
http://wwwitsp1.suva.ch/sap/its/mimes/waswo/99/pdf/88089-i.pdf [in Italian]
http://wwwitsp1.suva.ch/sap/its/mimes/waswo/99/pdf/88089-f.pdf [in French]
Gómez-Talegón M.T., Álvarez González F.J.
Alcohol and the prevention of alcohol-related problems at the place of work
Alcohol y prevención de los problemas relacionados con el consumo de alcohol en el ámbito laboral [in Spanish]
This article examines the main workplace problems resulting from alcohol consumption, including absenteeism, higher rates of accidents, lower productivity, increased errors, increased conflict situations and more disciplinary actions and dismissals, resulting in an increase in unemployment. Economic and legal aspects are reviewed and intervention programmes are described: primary prevention (information of workers), secondary prevention (medical treatment) and tertiary prevention (rehabilitation).
Medicina y seguridad del trabajo, Mar. 2005, Vol.LI, No.198, p.65-72. 27 ref.
Alcohol and drug problems at work - The shift to prevention
Mašākil al-kuḥūl wa al-muẖadarāt fi al-(amal. Al-ṭarīq ila al-wiqāya. [in Arabic]
This manual is an Arabic translation of the document indexed under CIS 03-500. It provides guidance on the setting up and management of substance abuse prevention programmes in the enterprise. It describes the physiological effects of alcohol and drugs and the problems relating to intoxication, regular use and dependency as they affect the workplace. It presents a step-by-step guidance on designing, implementing and sustaining prevention programmes and provides examples of alcohol and drug policies from companies around the world. Also includes checklists, self-assessment tools and an extensive list of Internet, print and audiovisual resources. The document was prepared in collaboration with the United Nations Office of Drug Control and Crime Prevention (UNODC).
Arab Institute for Occupational Health and Safety, Arab Labour Organization, Damascus, Syria, 2005. xxiii, 142p.
Flyvholm M.A., Mygind K., Sell L., Jensen A., Jepsen K.F.
A randomised controlled intervention study on prevention of work related skin problems among gut cleaners in swine slaughterhouses
This study evaluated the effect of an intervention to reduce work related skin problems in gut cleaning departments in Danish swine slaughterhouses. The intervention included educational activities on the use of gloves and skin care products, together with evidence based recommendations. The effect of the intervention was evaluated by telephone interviews using modified the Nordic Occupational Skin Questionnaire (see CIS 04-317). A total of 644 (87.5%) participants responded at the baseline interview and 622 (71.6%) at the follow up interview one year later. At follow up, the frequency of eczema on hands or forearms in the intervention departments within the previous three months was reduced significantly from 56.2% at baseline to 41.0%, while a slight non-significant increase was observed in the comparison departments (from 45.9% to 50.2%).
Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Sep. 2005, Vol.62, No.9, p.642-649. Illus. 27 ref.
Latza U., Haamann F., Baur X.
Effectiveness of a nationwide interdisciplinary preventive programme for latex allergy
This study describes a nationwide awareness campaign aimed at reducing exposure to powdered high-protein latex gloves among health care workers in Germany and evaluates the effectiveness of the programme. Data on compensation claims for latex-related skin and airway diseases were compared before and after implementation of the programme. A survey on change in glove use was also conducted after implementing the programme. The number of compensation claims for latex-induced skin diseases increased from 664 at the start of the programme in 1996 to 884 in 1998, and then decreased to 567 in 1999 and 204 in 2002. Similar decreases were observed for respiratory diseases. This programme was found to be effective and can be regarded as a model for the reduction of other occupational diseases such as bakers' or isocyanate asthma.
International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health, June 2005, Vol.78, No.5, p.394-402. Illus. 47 ref.
http://www.springerlink.com/media/lp3ef1rrqr5xxmylwa7w/contributions/j/3/3/1/j3314532m7844317.pdf [in English]
Sell L., Flyvholm M.A., Lindhard G., Mygind K.
Implementation of an occupational skin disease prevention programme in Danish cheese dairies
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the efficiency of a programme to reduce occupational skin diseases in the cheese industry. The programme involved training activities and elements from an occupational health-management system. The effects were studied by telephone interviews using a questionnaire on work and exposure. The study population consisted of all employees at five cheese plants, divided into an intervention group participating in the programme and a non-participating control group. At baseline in October 2002, 557 employees were surveyed (participation rate of 83.8%). At follow up one year later, 650 current and former employees answered (participation rate of 81.8%). At follow up, skin symptoms were reduced significantly in all cheese factories, and significant increases in the use of gloves and moisturizing creams were observed in the intervention group.
Contact Dermatitis, Sep. 2005, Vol.53, No.3, p.155-161. Illus. 22 ref.
Van Rhenen W., Blonk R.W.B., van der Klink J.J.L., van Dijk F.J.H., Schaufeli W.B.
The effect of a cognitive and a physical stress-reducing programme on psychological complaints
The purpose of this study was to investigate the effectiveness of two work stress management programmes. One programme was a cognition-focused programme, while the other was a newly developed intervention combining physical exercise and relaxation. It was hypothesised that the new intervention would be more effective in reducing psychological complaints than the cognitive intervention. Both programmes consisted of four sessions over a period of 10 weeks. Employees of a Dutch telecommunications company were given a questionnaire on their perceived level of stress. Among those declaring high stress, 130 were selected to participate in the present study. It was found that both interventions revealed a positive impact on psychological complaints, burnout and fatigue, both at short-term and at 6-month follow-up. The interventions were equally effective on psychological complaints, burnout and fatigue.
International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health, Mar. 2005, Vol.78, No.2, p.139-148. Illus. 42 ref.
Bloom D., Bloom L.R., Steven D., Weston M.
Business and HIV/AIDS: Commitment and action. A global review of the business response to HIV/AIDS 2004-2005
This report provides an overview and summary of business perceptions and responses to HIV/AIDS. It draws in particular on the information collected by the 2004-2005 Executive Opinion Survey that forms part of the World Economic Forum's annual Global Competitiveness Report. The survey questioned nearly 9000 business executives in 104 countries. Questions on HIV/AIDS addressed the perceived impact of the virus (and to a lesser extent TB and malaria) on workforces and communities, the effect of HIV on company operations and revenues, and firms' response to the disease. The report includes global, regional and industry level reviews of the impact of HIV/AIDS and the business response.
World Economic Forum, Global Health Initiative, 91-93 route de la Capite, 1233 Genève, Switzerland, 2004-2005. 57p. Illus.
http://www.weforum.org/pdf/Initiatives/GHI_Report_2005_Final.pdf [in English]
HIV/AIDS is poorly understood by enterprises - Results of a global survey
Unternehmen wissen zu wenig über Aids/HIV - Ergebnisse einer weltweiten Umfrage [in German]
The World Economic Forum, UNIADS and the Harvard School of Public Health surveyed 9000 enterprise managers in 104 countries to investigate their understanding of the impact of HIV/AIDS on their enterprise. According to the report of the survey, published under the title "Business and HIV/AIDS: Commitment and Action" (see CIS 06-461), most of the managers questioned, even those in the countries most affected by HIV/AIDS, did not know the rate of infection among their employees. It is suggested that it is because of this ignorance that so little effort is made to prevent HIV infection. Only 4% of enterprises in Eastern European have a section on AIDS in their health promotion programme, and this rate falls to 2% in the Baltic countries, Russia and the Ukraine, where the rate of infection is high. It is feared that HIV/AIDS will spread from Eastern to Western Europe, a fact not foreseen by Western European business leaders. Only a few large German enterprises, such as those in the automobile industry, have taken an interest in this question.
Bundesarbeitsblatt, 2005, No.4, p. 19-24. Illus.
http://www.bmas.bund.de/BMAS/Redaktion/Pdf/Publikationen/Bundesarbeitsblatt/bundesarbeitsblatt-04-2005,property=pdf,bereich=bmas,sprache=de,rwb=true.pdf [in German]
Lock D., Colford N.
Health and Safety Executive
International review of the literature relating to the benefits of limbering up exercises at work
This study investigated the benefits of limbering-up exercises as a means of reducing work-related musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs). It involved a review of English and Japanese literature, an assessment of the extent of the problem of work-related MSDs in UK industry through a data analysis, a workshop and visits to various organizations in Japan. Results indicate that there is not enough quantitative and reliable scientific evidence to make recommendations to employers concerning the implementation of limbering-up exercises in the workplace as a means of reducing work-related MSDs. However, the benefits of general physical (cardiovascular) exercise as a means of reducing sickness absenteeism are better documented and could be recommended.
HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 2WA, United Kingdom, 2005. viii, 55p. Illus. 78 ref. Price: GBP 25.00. Downloadable version free of charge.
http://www.hse.gov.uk/research/rrpdf/rr309.pdf [in English]
Fifty years of hope and concern for the future of occupational medicine
A review of the literature and other sources reveals that over the past 50 years, there has been continuous hope and concern for the occupational medicine. Occupational medicine became a certified specialty in the United States in 1955, growing slowly until 1970 when growth accelerated due to the coming into force of the Occupational Safety and Health Act. The marked decrease in classic occupational diseases, injuries and deaths is a major triumph but may also be a factor in declining interest in specialization by physicians. Potential conflicts of interest have been at issue for over 50 years. Occupational medicine is now mostly clinical, in contrast to previous years. However, occupational medicine is a distinct and solid specialty that still offers many challenges.
Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Feb. 2004, Vol.46, No.2, p.96-103. 41 ref.
Fifty_years_of_hope_and_concern_[BUY_THIS_ARTICLE] [in English]
Chen M.S., Chan A.
Employee and union inputs into occupational health and safety measures in Chinese factories
Few studies have addressed the impact of employees' inputs on the protection of their occupational safety and health (OSH). The research presented in this paper focuses on Chinese factories and measures employees' evaluation of the effectiveness in OHS issues of their enterprise trade union and staff and workers' representative congress (SWRC). The data for the study draws upon a national survey of employees of enterprises in manufacturing industry conducted in 1997 by the All-China Federation of Trade Unions. The study finds that the input of the trade union and SWRC does have a significant impact on the protection of the workers' occupational health and safety.
Social Science and Medicine, 2004, Vol.58, p.1231-1245. 34 ref.
Employee_and_union.pdf [in English]
Occupational health - Eight priority action areas for Community policy
Zdravje pri delu - Osem prednostnih področij za politiko Skupnosti [in Slovenian]
Arodveselība - Kopienas políticas astoņas proritārās darbības jomas [in Latvian]
Arbejdsmiljø - Otte proriterede indsatsområder i EU [in Danish]
Zdravoslovni usloviya na trud - Osem prioritetni oblasti na deĭstvie za opredelyane na politikata na Evropeĭskata Obshtnost [in Bulgarian]
Iş sağliği - Topluluk politikasi için Sekiz öncelikli eylem alani [in Turkish]
Ochrana zdraví pří práci - Osm prioritních oblastí pro politiku Společenství [in Czech]
Salute sul lavoro - Otto aree prioritarie per la politica comunitaria [in Italian]
Spanish, Italian, Bulgarian, Czech, Danish, Lettish, Slovenian and Turkish translations of the document abstracted under CIS 04-529. The booklet reviews and discusses the main occupational health issues in the European Union, and proposes that they be given priority in EU actions in this area, from a trade union perspective. Contents: occupational health, a key area for reducing social inequalities in health; Community strategy for the period 2002-2006; prevention systems for a coherent strategy; important factors in work organization; chemical risks, a major cause of occupational health-related mortality; job insecurity; improving knowledge and prevention in reproductive health and maternity; recognition of occupational diseases.
European Trade Union Institute, Health and Safety Department, 5 Bd du Roi Albert II, B-1210 Bruxelles, Belgium, 2004. 32p. Illus. Price: EUR 10.00. Downloadable version (PDF format) free of charge.
Occupational_health.pdf [in English]
Santé_au_travail.pdf [in French]
Salud_laboral.pdf [in Spanish]
Zdravoslovni_usloviya_na_trud.pdf [in Bulgarian]
Ochrana_zdraví_při_práci.pdf [in Czech]
Arbejdsmiljø.pdf [in Danish]
Salute_sul_lavoro.pdf [in Italian]
Arodveselība.pdf [in Latvian]
Zdravje_pri_delu.pdf [in Slovenian]
Iş_sağliği.pdf [in Turkish]
An introduction to comprehensive workplace health promotion
This guide provides an overview of comprehensive workplace health promotion, examines steps for helping workplaces take effective action, sets out practical ideas and strategies and outlines available resources. Includes data to show how healthy and productive workplaces are conducive to the health of individuals, businesses and society as a whole.
The Health Communication Unit at the Centre for Health Promotion, University of Toronto, 100 College Street, Room 213, The Banting Institute, Toronto, Ontario M5G 1L5, Canada, July 2004. 40p. Illus. 32 ref.
http://www.thcu.ca/workplace/documents/intro_to_workplace_health_promotion_v1.1.FINAL.pdf [in English]
A healthy workplace works for everyone! - A guide for building a workplace wellness program
This guide, designed to be used by both large and small businesses, offers a user-friendly and flexible framework to address wellness issues within the workplace. Guidance is given on each stage of the programme: obtaining organizational commitment; identification of strengths and challenges within the organization; communication of the plan: creation of a wellness committee; assessment of employee needs; development of the programme plan; follow-up and evaluation.
The Grey Bruce Health Unit, 920 1st Avenue West, Owen Sound, Ontario N4K 4K5, Canada, [ca 2004]. Internet document. 76p. Illus. 23 ref.
http://www.publichealthgreybruce.on.ca/WorkplaceWellness/WorkplaceWellnessGuide.pdf [in English]
Politique en matière de tabac [in French]
This information sheet summarizes the legal responsibilities of employers with respect to passive smoking in Belgium. Employers are required to implement the necessary measures for limiting the use of tobacco within the enterprise. The main legal provisions are highlighted and the seven steps of an anti-smoking action plan at the place of work are presented.
PREVENT, rue Gachard 88, Bte 4, 1050 Bruxelles, Belgium, Sep. 2004. 2p. Illus.
Indicators to monitor the implementation and impact of HIV/AIDS workplace policies and programmes in the UN System
This document summarizes the findings of a review of UN personnel policy on HIV/AIDS with reference to the ILO Code of Practice on HIV/AIDS and the world of work (see CIS 03-444). Workplace indicators on HIV/AIDS are presented along with suggested tools for measurement. It is recommended that indicators should be measured at regular intervals to monitor the implementation of an HIV/AIDS policy. Implementation benchmarks for use in the UN workplace are also listed.
ILO Publications, International Labour Office, 1211 Genève 22, Switzerland, 2004. 11p.
http://www.ilo.org/public/english/protection/trav/aids/publ/indicators.pdf [in English]
ILO Programme on HIV/AIDS and the world of work (ILOAIDS)
HIV/AIDS and work. Guidelines for employers - Using the ILO Code of Practice and training manual
HIV/AIDS and work. Guide d'utilisation à l'intention des employeurs - Recueil de directives pratiques du BIT sur le VIH/SIDA et manuel de formation [in French]
HIV/AIDS and work. Directrices destinadas a los empleadores - Utilización del Repertorio de recomendaciones prácticas sobre el VIH/SIDA y el mundo del trabajo y del Manual de capacitación respectivo [in Spanish]
This guide provides advice for employers on the use of the ILO Code of Practice on HIV/AIDS and the world of work (see CIS 03-444) and the education and training manual on the implementation of the Code (see CIS 04-270). It outlines the potential impact of the disease on business and highlights the need for employers to develop workplace policies and programmes and to stimulate action by working with employers' organizations, trade unions, the government and others.
ILO Publications, International Labour Office, 1211 Genève 22, Switzerland, 2004. 8p.
http://www.ilo.org/public/english/protection/trav/aids/publ/employer-guideline_eng.pdf [in English]
http://www.ilo.org/public/english/protection/trav/aids/publ/employer-guideline_es.pdf [in Spanish]
http://www.ilo.org/public/english/protection/trav/aids/publ/employer-guideline_fr.pdf [in French]
Moshelanoka L., Kisting S., Rees D., Sekudu D., Doyle B.
National programme for the elimination of silicosis
This booklet outlines the activities of the South African government in its efforts to significantly reduce the prevalence of silicosis by 2015 and totally eliminate silicosis in the workplace by 2030, in line with the ILO/WHO Global Programme for the Elimination of Silicosis. Describes the magnitude of the problem of silica exposure and silicosis, the identification of target groups at risk, the definition of a preventative strategy, the institutional framework and principal partners, programme implementation and operations, programme monitoring and implementation, national standards and links with international standards.
Department of Labour, Private Bag X 117, Pretoria 0001, South Africa, ca 2004. 10p. Illus.
http://www.labour.gov.za/download/10341/Useful%20Documents%20-%20OHS%20-%20National%20Programme%20for%20the%20Elimination%20of%20Silicosis.pdf [in English]
Ott M.G., Zober A., Messerer P., Riemann J.F., Schilling D.
Illness experience before and after an initiative to identify, treat and prevent Helicobacter pylori-related diseases at the workplace
This study used aggregate medical claims data to evaluate the illness experience of 5160 employees at a chemical plant in Germany during the two years after and the two years before an intervention to identify, treat, and prevent Helicobacter pylori-related illnesses. Across all participants, a 2.1 fold reduction in ulcer-related illness episodes and a 1.1 fold reduction in episodes due to other stomach and duodenal diseases were achieved. Improvement in claims experience was most notable among 250 employees with ulcer findings on the screening examination. The H. pylori health initiative appears to have contributed to a cost-effective reduction in subsequent illness episodes due to ulcer and possibly due to other stomach and duodenal diseases.
Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Mar. 2004, Vol.46, No.3, p.227-233. Illus. 8 ref.
Leino T., Olsson K.
Workplace health promotion - Practice and evaluation
Well-being at work is a crucial issue for productivity and good quality. This publication brings together the points of view and experiences of researchers and practitioners on heath promotion at the workplace. It describes the aims, target groups, methods and evaluation of workplace health promotion and discusses ethical issues. Practical examples of workplace health promotion projects are also presented.
Finnish Institute of Occupational Health, FIOH-Bookstore, Topeliuksenkatu 41 a A, 00250 Helsinki, Finland, 2004. 128p. Illus. Bibl.ref. Price: EUR 25.00.
Tuberculosis - Guidelines for workplace control activities
Tuberculosis (TB) is one of the world's leading causes of illness and death. Two million persons die of TB each year. The AIDS epidemic has fuelled the increase in TB, as persons with weakened immune systems due to HIV are particularly vulnerable to TB. This leaflet presents the broad outline of a workplace policy and programme on TB prevention proposed by the ILO and that may be implemented at the place of work. It is based on the following principles: recognition of TB as a workplace issue; non-discrimination; confidentiality; healthy work environment; care and support; social dialogue. A cost-effective TB management programme undertaken by a South African mining company is summarized in a box.
ILO Publications, International Labour Office, 1211 Genève 22, Switzerland, [c2004]. 4p. Illus. 8 ref.
http://www.stoptb.org/material/ilo_brochure.pdf [in English]
HIV/AIDS policy for the transport sector of Zimbabwe
Zimbabwe is among the countries most affected by HIV/AIDS in the world. Current estimates show a prevalence of close to 25% for the 15-49 year age group. The transport sector is among those particularly vulnerable to HIV/AIDS due to the mobility of truck drivers and their attendants, who often travel long distances and spend long periods of time away from their families. The aim of this guide is to direct the process of dealing with HIV/AIDS in the transport sector in Zimbabwe. It is a result of broad based consultations among workers' and employers' representatives, together with relevant government ministries, and draws widely from the ILO Code of Practice for HIV/AIDS in the world of work (see CIS 03-444).
ILO Publications, International Labour Office, 1211 Genève 22, Switzerland, 2003. xii, 28p.
http://www.ilo.org/public/english/region/afpro/harare/download/newsletter/transport_sector.pdf [in English]
Chu C., Korzeniowska E., Puchalski K., Pyzalski J., Wojtaszczyk P., Leka S., Cox T., Griffiths A., Moscatelli E., Gonano F.
Workplace health promotion
This special issue addresses the topic of workplace health promotion (WHP). There are four main papers: international developments in WHP and integrative workplace health management; WHP in Poland; a systems approach to WHP at the Institute of Work, Health & Organisations, University of Nottingham, United Kingdom; and a pilot study in North-Eastern Italy on health promotion among SMEs. The newsletter also includes reports of conferences and workshops on the topic.
GOHNET Newsletter, Winter 2003, No.6, p.1-10. Illus.
http://www.who.int/occupational_health/publications/newsletter/en/gohnet6e.pdf [in English]
http://www.who.int/occupational_health/publications/newsletter/fr/gohnet6f.pdf [in French]
HIV/AIDS workplace tools: Labor leader's kit
This kit provides labour leaders and workers with the necessary resources for building a workplace programme for HIV/AIDS. It covers the development of policies on HIV/AIDS to educate workers and their families and encourages workers to promote community service. The kit includes basic facts about HIV/AIDS, information on Federal laws and individual brochures on worker training, benefits, and education. Also included are profiles of unions that have responded to HIV/AIDS, the OSHA Bloodborne Pathogens Standard, facts on preventing occupational exposure and additional resources.
Business and Labor Resource Service, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), P.O. Box 6003, Rockville, MD 20849-6003, USA, 2003. Collection of resource materials.
http://www.hivatwork.org/tools/labor.cfm [in English]
HIV/AIDS workplace tools: Manager's kit
Caja de Materiales del Gerente [in Spanish]
This kit provides managers with the necessary resources for building a workplace programme for HIV/AIDS. It covers the development of HIV/AIDS policies, training of managers to conduct HIV/AIDS workshops, education of workers and their families about HIV/AIDS and its effect on the workplace and the promotion of community service. The kit also contains a list of resource materials and individual brochures concerning health insurance, universal precautions, OSHA guidelines, contract language, The Americans with Disabilities Act and other workplace laws.
Business and Labor Resource Service, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), P.O. Box 6003, Rockville, MD 20849-6003, USA, 2003. Collection of resource materials.
http://www.hivatwork.org/tools/business-managers.cfm [in English]
http://www.hivatwork.org/tools/smngrkit.htm [in Spanish]
Working positively: A guide for NGOs managing HIV/AIDS in the workplace
This guide identifies the key issues involved in developing a workplace strategy for the management of HIV/AIDS and provides examples of approaches adopted by different NGOS, particularly in countries with a high prevalence of the disease. Contents: recent trends and current situation in HIV/AIDS workplace strategies; procedure for developing a strategy; situation analysis; overview of HIV/AIDS workplace policies; education and awareness programmes; treatment and care. Includes case studies and a list of relevant publications and organizations.
UK Consortium on AIDS & International Development, Grayston Centre, 28 Charles Square, London N1 6HT, United Kingdom, Dec. 2003. 24p. Illus. 30 ref.
http://www.aidsconsortium.org.uk/Workplace%20Policy/workplaceguide.htm [in English]
HIV/AIDS: It's your business
Le VIH/SIDA: Une affaire qui vous concerne [in French]
El VIH/SIDA: Un asunto de todos [in Spanish]
This report examines the economic and social impacts of HIV/AIDS on companies and workers and sets out a checklist for developing company HIV/AIDS policies and programmes. Highlights the need for information dissemination and education, ensuring non-discriminatory practices, helping the more vulnerable workers and providing treatment and care for sick workers. Includes brief case studies of workplace programmes in a range of sectors worldwide.
Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS), 20 avenue Appia, 1211 Genève 27, Switzerland, Aug. 2003. 28p. Illus.
http://data.unaids.org/Publications/IRC-pub06/JC1008-Business_en.pdf [in English]
http://data.unaids.org/Publications/IRC-pub06/JC1008-Business_fr.pdf [in French]
http://data.unaids.org/Publications/IRC-pub06/JC1008-Business_sp.pdf [in Spanish]
Ministère des affaires sociales, du travail et de la solidarité
Guide for the general practitioner or the lung specialist. Experimental protocol for the surveillance of workers previously exposed to asbestos
Guide pour le médecin traitant, généraliste ou pneumologue. Protocole expérimental de surveillance médicale des sujets ayant été exposés à l'amiante [in French]
Persons exposed to asbestos in France may apply for medical surveillance. In this context, the French Ministry of Social Affairs, Labour and Solidarity in collaboration with the National Medical Insurance Institution (CNAM) established a pilot project in three regions of France. The programme involved medical and radiological examinations of previously exposed volunteer subjects and an evaluation of their exposures. This guide is aimed at general practitioners or lung specialists who carry out medical surveillance of the workers. It describes the practical aspects of patient follow-up. Various appendices include in particular the regulatory framework, the list of regional coordinators and an informed consent letter. See also CIS 06-317 and 06-318.
La documentation française, 124, rue Henri Barbusse, 93308 Aubervilliers Cedex, France, [c2003]. 39p.
http://www.sante-securite.travail.gouv.fr/mediatheque/pdf/generaliste.pdf [in French]
Ministère des affaires sociales, du travail et de la solidarité
Guide to the identification of asbestos exposure by the occupational physician
Guide de repérage des expositions à l'amiante par le médecin du travail [in French]
Persons exposed to asbestos in France may apply for medical surveillance. In this context, the French Ministry of Social Affairs, Labour and Solidarity in collaboration with the National Medical Insurance Institution (CNAM) established a pilot project in three regions of France. The programme involved medical and radiological examinations of previously exposed volunteer subjects and an evaluation of their exposures. This guide is aimed at occupational physicians participating in the assessment of occupational exposure of workers and its classification into "high", "intermediate" and "low" exposure. It contains detailed questionnaires aimed at tracing the occupational history of employees and quantifying their exposure to asbestos. It also explains how to evaluate an individual's total occupational exposure to asbestos. See also CIS 06-317 and 06-319.
La documentation française, 124, rue Henri Barbusse, 93308 Aubervilliers Cedex, France, [c2003]. 30p. Illus.
http://www.sante-securite.travail.gouv.fr/mediatheque/pdf/medecin%20travail.pdf [in French]
Ministère des affaires sociales, du travail et de la solidarité
Information document for radiologists. Post-employment surveillance of workers previously exposed to asbestos
Document d'information pour les radiologues. Surveillance post-professionnelle des salariés anciennement exposés à l'amiante [in French]
Persons exposed to asbestos in France may apply for medical surveillance. In this context, the French Ministry of Social Affairs, Labour and Solidarity in collaboration with the National Medical Insurance Institution (CNAM) established a pilot project in three regions of France. The programme involved medical and radiological examinations of previously exposed volunteer subjects and an evaluation of their exposures. This guide is aimed at radiologists participating in post-employment surveillance within the framework of this pilot project. Contents: informed consent form; practical aspects of conducting thoracic tomography examinations; transmission of the radiological documents to the regional coordination body. Appendices include a list of regional coordinators and information to be given to patients. See also CIS 06-318 and 06-319.
La documentation française, 124, rue Henri Barbusse, 93308 Aubervilliers Cedex, France, [c2003]. 24p.
ILO Programme on HIV/AIDS and the world of work (ILOAIDS)
Tripartite Interregional Meeting on Best Practices in HIV/AIDS Workplace Policies and Programmes, Geneva, 15-17 December 2003: Consensus Statement
Réunion interrégionale tripartite sur les bonnes pratiques dans le domaine des politiques et des programmes VIH/SIDA en milieu de travail, 15-17 décembre 2003: Déclaration consensuelle [in French]
Reunión tripartita interregional sobre las prácticas óptimas y enseñanzas extraídas de las políticas y los programas relativos al VIH/SIDA en el lugar de trabajo Ginebra, 15 al 17 de diciembre de 2003: Declaración de consenso [in Spanish]
This consensus statement defines principles for workplace action on HIV/AIDS using a good practice approach. It sets out criteria for identifying good practice and for adapting a practice for replication and describes factors which are common to good practices in HIV/AIDS workplace policies and programmes. Areas where further action is required are also identified. These recommendations serve as a guideline for the development of workplace HIV/AIDS programmes.
ILO Publications, International Labour Office, 1211 Genève 22, Switzerland, 2003. 9p.
http://www.ilo.org/public/english/protection/trav/aids/publ/consensusstatement.pdf [in English]
http://www.ilo.org/public/english/protection/trav/aids/publ/consensusfr.pdf [in French]
http://www.ilo.org/public/english/protection/trav/aids/publ/consensoesp.pdf [in Spanish]
ILO Programme on HIV/AIDS and the world of work (ILOAIDS)
Workplace action on HIV/AIDS: Identifying and sharing best practice. Background report for Tripartite Interregional Meeting on Best Practices in HIV/AIDS Workplace Policies and Programmes, 15-17 December 2003, ILO, Geneva
This report reviews the economic and social impact of the HIV/AIDS epidemic worldwide, in particular in the world of work, and describes the ILO's involvement in the global response. The identification and use of best practices in tackling HIV/AIDS in the workplace is discussed and examples of the implementation of best practice in key areas are examined: policy and legal frameworks; workplace policies and programmes for prevention, care, support and treatment; links beyond the formal workplace (informal economy, community, vulnerable groups); and knowledge and evidence (data analysis, monitoring and feedback).
ILO Publications, International Labour Office, 1211 Genève 22, Switzerland, 2003. x, 62p.
http://www.ilo.org/public/english/protection/trav/aids/bpreport.pdf [in English]
Anema J.R., Steenstra I.A., Urlings I.J.M., Bongers P.M., de Vroome E.M.M., van Mechelen W.
Participatory ergonomics as a return-to-work intervention: A future challenge?
A participatory ergonomics programme applied to the disability management of workers suffering from low-back pain (LBP) is presented. It involved 35 workers who were absent from work for periods of 2-6 weeks due to LBP. Questionnaires were addressed to the workers, to their occupational physicians, who had received prior training in the programme, and to participating ergonomists. Workers, their supervisors and the ergonomists jointly identified a number of ergonomic solutions to be presented to the employers. Most workers were satisfied with the programme and reported a stimulating effect on return-to-work. Almost half of the proposed solutions were implemented. The main obstacles to implementation were technical or organizational difficulties and physical disabilities of the worker.
American Journal of Industrial Medicine, Sep. 2003, Vol.44, No.3, p.273-281. Illus. 33 ref.
Coutarel F., Daniellou F., Dugué B.
Design of a system for the prevention of musculoskeletal diseases: Example of a duck meat cutting factory
Concevoir le système pour prévenir les troubles musculo-squelettiques: l'exemple d'une salle de découpe de canards gras [in French]
An ergonomic improvement programme currently underway at a duck abattoir and meat processing factory aimed at the prevention of musculoskeletal diseases is described. The programme is managed by a steering committee and involves the participation of groups of operators and managers. Tasks include general and systematic job studies, interviews, video recordings, questionnaires and visits to sites having adopted best practices. Results are still provisional, but a number of positive aspects are already observable both in workers' health and in the productivity of the enterprise.
Archives des maladies professionnelles et de médecine du travail, Apr. 2003, Vol.64, No.2, p.89-99. Illus. 28 ref.
Rodríguez-Artalejo F., Lafuente Urdinguio P., Guallar-Castillón P., Garteizaurrekoa Dublang P., Sáinz Martínez O., Díez Azcárate J.I., Foj Alemán M.
One year effectiveness of an individualised smoking cessation intervention at the workplace: A randomised controlled trial
The objective of this case-control study was to assess the effectiveness of a smoking cessation intervention in the workplace. Cases were given structured counselling at the first visit, nicotine patches for three months and three sessions of counselling for reinforcement of abstinence over a three-month period. The control group was subjected to short sessions of antismoking advice. The trial was carried out among 217 smokers of both sexes, aged 20-63 years, motivated to quit smoking and without contraindications for nicotine patches, who were employees at a public transport company and at two worksites of an electricity company. The main outcome measure was self-reported tobacco abstinence confirmed by carbon monoxide in expired air ≤10ppm. The rate of continuous abstinence at 12 months was 20.2% for the intervention group versus 8.7% for the control group. The effectiveness of the intervention did not vary substantially with age, tobacco dependence, number of cigarettes smoked per day, number of years of tobacco consumption, degree of desire to quit smoking, time spent with smokers, subjective health and presence of tobacco-related symptoms. Weight gain at 12 months was similar for both groups.
Occupational and Environmental Medicine, May 2003, Vol.60, No.5, p.358-363. Illus. 47 ref.
Helping small businesses prevent substance abuse
This manual on substance abuse in small enterprises is based on the findings of an ILO project aimed at developing models of prevention programmes suited to small enterprises. Contents: main aspects of substance abuse (substances, physiological effects, socio-demographic factors); emphasis on prevention (promoting good health, role of management, links with the community and the family); substance abuse at the workplace; substance abuse prevention in small businesses; establishing a substance abuse prevention programme (legislative and cultural norms, project leadership, project structure, implementation).
ILO Publications, International Labour Office, 1211 Genève 22, Switzerland, 2003. viii, 111p. Illus. Price: CHF 15.00; USD 9.95; GBP 6.96; EUR 12.00.
Schwanitz H.J., Riehl U., Schlesinger T., Bock M., Skudlik C., Wulfhorst B.
Skin care management: Educational aspects
This article reviews the effectiveness of health education in the primary, secondary and tertiary prevention of occupational skin disorders. The results of three questionnaire studies involving apprentice hairdressers in 1986, 1994 and 1999 clearly show a decrease in skin disorders among those having received primary skin care training. A secondary intervention comprising both medical and educational methods was developed for hairdressers who remained at their workplace despite manifest skin disorders. As a result of the programme, 121 (81%) of the 150 participants healed successfully while continuing their work. A tertiary prevention programme involved occupational skin disease patients treated at the dermatology department of a university hospital, where education also proved to be effective.
International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health, June 2003, Vol.76, No.5, p.374-381. Illus. 26 ref.
Developing community drug rehabilitation and workplace prevention programmes
While there has been accumulating knowledge of the problems associated with substance abuse (drugs and alcohol) in India, there has been little documentation on effective responses for preventing and dealing with these problems. This report presents the experiences of a collaborative project on community rehabilitation and workplace prevention programmes in India. The project highlights the importance of an integrated approach to substance abuse problems. It portrays the experiences of non-governmental organizations and enterprises in developing comprehensive strategies, and highlights the impact of effective community and workplace prevention programmes.
United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC), Vienna International Centre, PO Box 500, 1400 Vienna, Austria, 2002. 48p. Illus. 38 ref.
Report on the global HIV/AIDS epidemic 2002
Doklad o global'noj ėpidemii VIČ/SPIDa 2002 g. [in Russian]
Rapport sur l'épidémie mondiale de VIH/SIDA 2002 [in French]
Informe sobre la epidemia mundial de VIH/SIDA 2002 [in Spanish]
This report provides a global overview of the state of the HIV/AIDS epidemic and reviews responses mounted by governments, the business sector and civil society. It includes a chapter on AIDS and the world of work which summarizes the implementation of workplace programmes around the world, highlighting the adaptation of programmes to local conditions, the needs of workers in the informal economy, innovative programmes in South African gold mines and international collaboration. Includes country-specific data and estimates as of end 2001.
Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS), 20 avenue Appia, 1211 Genève 27, Switzerland, July 2002. 226p. Illus. Bibl. ref.
http://data.unaids.org/Global-reports/Barcelona/BRGlobal_AIDS_Report_en.pdf [in English]
http://data.unaids.org/Global-Reports/Barcelona/BRGlobal_AIDS_Report_es.pdf [in Spanish]
http://data.unaids.org/Global-Reports/Barcelona/BRGlobal_AIDS_Report_ru.pdf [in Russian]
http://data.unaids.org/Global-reports/Barcelona/BRGlobal_AIDS_Report_fr.pdf [in French]
Workplace HIV/AIDS programs: An Action guide for managers
This guide provides practical steps for developing and implementing workplace prevention and care programmes to serve both employees and managers. Contents: HIV/AIDS issues in the workplace; assessing the risks and impact of HIV/AIDS on companies; workplace HIV/AIDS policies and prevention and care programmes; managing the impact of HIV/AIDS on a company; company leadership in HIV/AIDS prevention and care. Includes sample workplace HIV/AIDS policies and case studies.
Family Health International (FIH), 2101 Wilson Blvd., Ste. 700, Arlington VA 22201, USA, 2002. 102p. Illus.
http://www.fhi.org/NR/rdonlyres/ehocvdvqlpgxee4suywcwepettjpyak655vqpdnmny57ictcaxa6ceovvl4pdcx63ctt4qvifkb4wk/Workplace1.pdf [in English]
Enterprises and HIV/AIDS in India
This resource package comprises a compilation of case studies of HIV/AIDS programmes in eight enterprises in India, a manual providing guidelines for implementing a response to HIV/AIDS in the workplace, a copy of the ILO Code of Practice on HIV/AIDS and the world of work (see CIS 03-444) and a CD-ROM on the prevention of HIV/AIDS in the world of work. The case studies document the key experiences and lessons learned in the areas of social initiatives, prevention and care activities at the workplace, advocacy and partnerships. The manual provides a six-step approach for developing a workplace programme.
ILO Publications, International Labour Office, 1211 Genève 22, Switzerland, 2002. Resource package. Illus.
Simon-Meyer J, Odallo D.
The faces, voices and skills behind the GIPA Workplace Model in South Africa
Des visages, des voix, des compétences - Le Modèle GIPA sur le lieu de travail en Afrique du Sud [in French]
This case study describes the development and operation of the GIPA (Greater involvement of people living with or affected by HIV/AIDS) Workplace Model, developed with the support of the UN Development Programme (UNDP) and the World Health Organization (WHO). Its aim was to place trained fieldworkers, living openly with HIV/AIDS, in selected partner organizations to set up or renew workplace policies and programmes in response to the HIV/AIDS epidemic. The experiences of 11 fieldworkers are described and elements of best practice are identified.
Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS), 20 avenue Appia, 1211 Genève 27, Switzerland, June 2002. 56p. Illus. 10 ref.
http://data.unaids.org/Publications/IRC-pub02/JC770-GIPA-SA_en.pdf [in English]
http://data.unaids.org/Publications/IRC-pub02/JC770-GIPA-SA_fr.pdf [in French]
Elkeles T., Georg A.
Prevention of occupational diseases - Evaluation of a pilot programme
Bekämpfung arbeitsbedingter Erkrankungen - Evaluation eines Modellprogramms [in German]
This report consists of an analysis and evaluation of a pilot programme for the prevention of occupational diseases set up by the German Ministry of Labour and Social Affairs. Between 1993 and 2000, eight regional projects and two inter-regional projects were implemented. Ten case studies are presented, together with a meta-analysis of the overall project. Contents: description of the pilot programme; evaluation concept and methods used; evaluation of the various projects; evaluation of the overall project; experiences gained from the evaluation and proposals for the improvement of future programmes.
Juventa Verlag Weinheim und München, Ehretstr. 3, 69469 Weinheim, Germany, 2002. 359p. Illus. Approx. 350 ref.
Comunidad de Madrid
Health surveillance: WHO technical guides
Vigilancia de la salud: Guías técnicas de la OMS [in Spanish]
This publication reproduces the Spanish translations of three WHO directives on health surveillance aimed at facilitating the implementation of quality management within occupational safety and health services: Guidelines on quality management in multidisciplinary occupational health services (CIS 01-439); Guidelines on improving the physical fitness of employees (CIS 00-404); Occupational medicine in Europe: Scope and competencies.
Instituto Europeo de Salud y Bienestar Social (IE), Joaquín Costa, 16, El Viso, 28002 Madrid, Spain, 2002. 339p. Illus. Bibl.ref.
Health without tobacco: Technical and methodological guide - Programme for a tobacco-smoke free environment
Salud sin tabaco: Guía técnica-metodológica - Programa Ambientes Libres del Humo de Tabaco [in Spanish]
As part an anti-smoking drive, the Chilean government has implemented a programme entitled "Tobacco smoke-free environments". A technical guide first describes the damages caused by smoking, with emphasis on the risks to women, followed by prevention strategies for controlling smoking at the workplace and the approach for obtaining the accreditation of workplaces as being smoke-free environments. A directory lists 502 organizations and enterprises having publicly declared being "smoke-free", classified by region and locality. Smoke-free environments are signalled with a board on which it is written "breathe deeply".
Gobierno de Chile, Ministerio de Salud, Santiago, Chile, 2002. 181p, Illus. 37 ref. (technical guide); 57p. (directory).
Needlestick injury accidents and their prevention
Piqûres et prévention [in French]
A programme aimed at reducing the frequency of needlestick injury accidents was implemented in a large Belgian hospital between 1990 and 1997. A study was subsequently carried out among all workers at risk to assess the effectiveness of the prevention programme. It compares data for the years 1990-1995 with those for 1996-1997. For health care personnel, a significant reduction in the number of needlestick injury accidents was observed, from 17.2 per 100 full-time equivalent (FTE) workers in 1990-1996 to 12.7/100 FTEs in 1996-1997. Among catering, laundry and housekeeping staff, no significant differences were observed; for these workers, most accidents were caused by needles or sharp objects inappropriately discarded in plastic bags or cardboard boxes. Overall, the average annual incidence of needlestick injury accidents declined from 33.4/100 occupied beds in 1990-1995 to 30.1 in 1996-1997. It transpires from this study that despite preventive efforts, the reduction in overall incidence of needlestick injury accidents appears only belatedly.
Travail et bien-être, Dec. 2002, Vol.5, No.5, p.21-25. Illus.
Ringen K., Anderson N., McAfee T., Zbikowski S.M., Fales D.
Smoking cessation in a blue-collar population: Results from an evidence-based pilot program
A prototype smoking cessation programme was designed and implemented among 935 unionized carpenters in the US state of Washington. The programme consisted of counselling and medication including nicotine patch, nicotine gum and Bupropion. Assessment of outcomes was performed through a telephone survey 12 months following the enrolment date. The overall quit rate was 27.5%. The savings in reduced lifetime tobacco-related medical costs for the participants who quit are estimated to be 15 times the cost of the programme. These results strongly suggest that smoking cessation programmes can be effective even in such hard-to-reach populations as itinerant workers in the building trades, provided that the programme is designed to suit their needs and their environment. Based on these findings, health plans need to consider whether they are at risk of violating their fiduciary duties if they fail to offer smoking cessation benefits.
American Journal of Industrial Medicine, Nov. 2002, Vol.42, No.5, p.367-377. Illus. 29 ref.
Proper K.I., Staal B.J., Hildebrandt V.H., van der Beek A.J., van Mechelen W.
Effectiveness of physical activity programs at worksites with respect to work-related outcomes
For this literature review on the effectiveness of physical activity programmes at worksites with respect to certain work-related outcomes, data were selected by means of a computerized literature search, a reference search and a manual search of the personal databases of the project team members. The outcomes studied were absenteeism, job satisfaction, job stress, productivity and employee turnover. The evidence of an effect was limited for absenteeism, inconclusive for job satisfaction, job stress and employee turnover, and nil for productivity. It is concluded that scientific evidence on the effectiveness of physical activity programmes at worksites is still limited.
Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment and Health, Apr. 2002, vol.28, No.2, p.75-84. 65 ref.
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