Workplace health promotion - 523 entries found
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de Sousa Uva A., Serranheira F., Prista J., Monge J., Santos C., Leite E.
From occupational safety and health to workers' safety and health: (Yet) a long way to go (6 parts)
Da saúde e segurança do trabalho à saúde e segurança dos trabalhadores: um (ainda) longo caminho a percorrer (6 partes) [in Portuguese]
Collection of articles on the safety and health of Portuguese workers, published in six consecutive issues of the journal. Topics addressed: history of occupational safety and health in Portugal; new strategies and new challenges in occupational safety and health; ergonomics at the place of work; occupational exposure to chemicals; organization of workers' medical supervision; occupational safety and health of older workers; occupational stress and burnout.
Segurança, Jan.-Feb. 2009, Vol.XLIV, No.188, p.26-30. Illus. 19 ref.; Mar.-Apr. 2009, Vol.XLIV, No.189, p.18-23. Illus. 14 ref.;May-June 2009, Vol.XLIV, No.190, p.22-26. Illus. 27 ref.; July-Aug. 2009, Vol.XLIV, No.191, p.20-23. Illus. 4 ref.; Sep.-Oct. 2009, Vol.XLIV, No.192, p.18-22. Illus. 20 ref.; Nov.-Dec. 2009, Vol.XLIV, No.193, p.18-22. Illus. 13 ref.
Prevention and control of risks in the marble industry
Prevenção e controle dos riscos presentes em marmorarias [in Portuguese]
This article reviews the risks inherent to the tasks carried out in marble cutting operations, together with the appropriate preventive measures. Contents: summary of the various occupational safety and health projects undertaken in Brazil since 1988; effects of silica exposure in marble operations; control and preventive measures; exposure to chemical and physical agents (noise, vibration); ergonomic risks; personal protective equipment to be supplied by the employer; refresher training as a means of prevention; periodical medical examinations; retracing the history of the working conditions in the marble-cutting sector in Brazil; activities of the marble industry technical group established in 2004.
Revista CIPA, Aug. 2009, Vol.30, No.357, p.30-53. Illus.
Good practices in hazard evaluation
Buenas prácticas en evaluación de riesgos [in Spanish]
The campaign of the European Agency for Safety and Health at Work for the period 2008/2009 was devoted to risk assessment in SMEs. Cases of good practices presented by 17 companies won an award or a mention, including a public transport company in the Spanish Basque Country. This paper presents this project aimed at assessing and preventing external violence in the workplace.
Seguridad y Salud en el Trabajo, Oct. 2009, No.54, p.28-31. Illus. 1 ref.
Grau Ríos M.
Occupational safety and health in the European Union, 20 years of the Framework Directive - The Spanish presidency in 2010
Seguridad y salud en el trabajo en la Unión Europea, 20 años de la Directiva Marco - La presidencia española en 2010 [in Spanish]
In the context of the Spanish Presidency of the Council in 2010, this article retraces the progress made in occupational safety and health in Spain and in the EU during the last 20 years since the framework provided by Directive 89/391/EEC, and presents the future policy of Spain in this area, in particular the 2007-2012 Strategy, together with the various programmes (PREVEA, STOP) set up for this purpose and the planned amendments and updates to Spanish legislation.
Seguridad y Salud en el Trabajo, Dec. 2009, No.55, p.12-16. Illus.
Labrecque M., Cartier A., Malo J.L., Turcot J.
Comparison of two different approaches for identifying subjects with isocyanate occupational asthma
Comparaison de deux approches différentes pour identifier les sujets atteints d'asthme professionnel aux isocyanates [in French]
Isocyanates are considered the main cause of occupational asthma (OA). To evaluate the severity of OA induced by these substances among Quebec workers, two groups of subjects were recruited, the first identified by a medical surveillance program, and the second receiving compensation from the Occupational Safety and Health Commission (French acronym CSST). Respiratory functional parameters were measured during the diagnosis and again two years later. It was found that subjects suffering from OA identified by a medical surveillance program are less seriously affected at the time of their diagnosis and that the clinical remission of patients is significantly higher after two years. The costs related to the sequelae of OA for which the CSST compensates workers are also significantly lower in the case of subjects detected early.
Institut de recherche Robert-Sauvé en santé et en sécurité du travail du Québec (IRSST), 505 boul. de Maisonneuve Ouest, Montreal (Quebec) H3A 3C2, Canada, 2009. vii, 23p. 22 ref. Price: CAD 5.25. Downloadable version (PDF format) free of charge.
Rapport_R-603.pdf [in French]
Chuang K.Y., Su T.S., Kuo, C.Y., Lin C.L., Lin H.Y., Yu Y.C.
Study on occupational safety and health strategy for Taiwan
The aim of this study was to establish a set of occupational safety and health (OSH) issues and development policies suitable for adoption in Taiwan. A survey was conducted on a sample of 102 experts and 235 industrial work safety personnel in Taiwan for statistical analysis of the general consensus, with the results showing such consensus in 104 individual policy indicators. Results reveal that the most appropriate targets were considered to be annual 10% reductions in the occupational accident disability rate, the occupational accident injury rate and the occupational diseases before 2010. Responding to the specific question of the appropriate method of achieving a reduction in the number of accidents in Taiwan, the primary consideration for 13.4% of the experts and 10.6% of the industry personnel was promoting OSH awareness and enhancing the overall safety culture. As regards the current OSH policy focus, 11.2% of the experts considered improving OSH legislation, standards and systems to be the most important, while 8.9% of the industry personnel felt that recognizing work stress, overwork and emerging OSH issues were the most important.
Industrial Health, Nov. 2009, Vol.47, No.6, p.656-663. Illus. 19 ref.
Study_on_OSH_strategy_for_Taiwan.pdf [in English]
Olson R., Anger W.K., Elliot D.L., Wipfli B., Gray M.
A new health promotion model for lone workers: Results of the Safety and Health Involvement for Truckers (SHIFT) pilot study
This study was designed to evaluate the effectiveness of a new health promotion model for lone workers. A single group pre- or posttest design was used to evaluate intervention effectiveness for reducing body weight and increasing healthy and safe behaviors. Twenty-nine truck drivers from four companies participated in a 6-month intervention involving a weight loss and safe driving competition, computer-based training and motivational interviewing. Objectively measured body weight reduced by 7.8 lbs and survey measures showed significant reductions in dietary fat and sugar consumption. An objective measure of safe driving also showed significant improvement, and increases in exercise motivational stage and walking fitness approached significance. Results suggest that the new intervention model is substantially more engaging and effective with truck drivers than previous education-based tactics.
Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Nov. 2009, Vol.51, No.11, p.1233-1246. Illus. 68 ref.
Silva Santos C., de Sousa Uva A.
Occupational safety and health: Historiographic notes and the future
Saúde e segurança do trabalho: Notas historiográficas com futuro [in Portuguese]
This book presents the history of the developments in occupational medicine from the antiquity to the present time, and analyses these developments by placing them in their political, social, economic, scientific and technical context. It also underlines the role played in particular by the ILO and the WHO in the improvement of working conditions and occupational safety and health. Appendices include extracts of relevant legislation.
Autoridade para as Condições do Trabalho (ACT), Av. Casal Ribeiro 18A
1000-092 Lisbon, Portugal, 2009. 231p. Illus. 135 ref. Price: EUR 17.50.
Latin American occupational safety and health strategy 2010-2013
Estrategia iberoamericana de seguridad y salud en el trabajo 2010-2013 [in Spanish]
Estratégia ibero-americana de segurança e saúde no trabalho 2010-2013 [in Portuguese]
This document presents the Latin American occupational safety and health strategy for 2010-2013, in which eight main objectives (5 general and 3 specific objectives) are defined. The purpose of these objectives is to improve the prevention of occupational hazards within the enterprise, to reinforce occupational safety and health institutions and to improve occupational safety and health policies.
Organización Iberoamericana de la Seguridad Social (OISS), Secretaría General de la OISS, Velázquez, 105, 28006 Madrid, Spain, 2009. 44p. 22 ref.
Estrategia_iberoamericana_de_SST.pdf [in Spanish]
Estratégia_ibero-americana_de_SST.pdf [in Portuguese]
Spanish occupational safety and health strategy 2007-2012 - Action plan for the initiation and implementation of the Spanish occupational safety and health strategy (Results of the action plan for the period ranging from July 2007 to April 2008; 2nd action plan for the period ranging from October 2008 to June 2010)
Estrategia española de seguridad y salud en el trabajo 2007-2012 - Plan de acción para el impuso y ejecución de la estrategia española de seguridad y salud en el trabajo 2007-2012 (Balance del plan de acción período julio 2007 - abril 2008; 2° plan de acción periodo octubre 2008 - junio 2010) [in Spanish]
This document presents the Spanish national occupational safety and health strategy for 2007-2012, in which eight main objectives were defined. The purpose of these objectives is to improve the prevention of occupational hazards within the enterprise, to reinforce occupational safety and health institutions and to improve occupational safety and health policies. It also presents the results of the first action plan from June 2007 to April 2008 and defines a second action plan for the period ranging from October 2008 to June 2010.
Instituto Nacional de Seguridad e Higiene en el Trabajo, c/Torrelaguna 73, 28027 Madrid, Spain, 2009. 79p. Illus.
Estrategia_española_de_SST.pdf [in Spanish]
Kawakami T., Ratananakorn L.
Protecting your health and business from animal influenza: Action manual for farmers and workers
Protéger votre santé et votre entreprise de la grippe animale: manuel d'actions pour éleveurs et travailleurs [in French]
Cómo proteger su salud y su negocio de la gripe animal: manual de acción para granjeros y trabajadores [in Spanish]
Outbreaks of avian influenza in the recent past, and the current spread of Influenza A (H1N1) stemming from swine, have prompted worldwide concern. This training manual has been developed to promote safe practices in farms raising animals, particularly poultry and pigs. The manual is user-friendly and practical, providing an action checklist of various prevention measures, including explanations and descriptions. Also published in Thai.
ILO Publications, International Labour Office, 1211 Genève 22, Switzerland, 2009. 24p. Illus.
Protecting_your_health.pdf [in English]
Protéger_votre_santé.pdf [in French]
Cómo_proteger_su_salud.pdf [in Spanish]
Protecting_your_health.pdf [in Thai]
Protecting your employees and business from pandemic human influenza: Action manual for small and medium-sized enterprises
Como proteger a sus empleados y a sus negocios contra la Pandemia de Gripe Humana - Manual de acción para pequeñas y medianas empresas [in Spanish]
Protéger vos employés et votre entreprise de la pandémie de grippe humaine - Manuel d'action pour les petites et moyennes entreprises [in French]
The outbreak of avian influenza and the ongoing incidences of infected cases have prompted worldwide concern. This training manual is developed to promote safe practices in small and medium-sized enterprises. The manual is user-friendly and practical, providing an Action Checklist on various prevention measures including explanations and descriptions. The unique participatory training methods of the ILO, Work Improvement in Small Enterprises (WISE) and Work Improvements in Neighbourhood Development (WIND), were used to promote understanding and encourage improvement in the actions of employers and workers in small and medium-sized enterprises. Also published in several Asian languages (Khmer, Vietnamese, Lao, Japanese, Malay and Thai).
ILO Publications, International Labour Office, 1211 Genève 22, Switzerland, 2009. 24p. Illus.
Protecting_your_employees.pdf [in English]
Protéger_vos_employés.pdf [in French]
Como_proteger_a_sus_empleados.pdf [in Spanish]
Protecting_your_employees.pdf [in Malay]
Protecting_your_employees.pdf [in Khmer]
Protecting_your_employees.pdf [in Chinese]
Protecting_your_employees.pdf [in Lao]
Protecting_your_employees.pdf [in Vietnamese]
Protecting_your_employees.pdf [in Thai]
Building WSH competencies in Singapore
More needs to be done to help Singapore achieve the new target to reduce work fatality rate to 1.8 per 100,000 workers by 2018. At each level - workers, supervisors and employers - efforts need to be put in to raise the abilities at the workplace to keep themselves and their colleagues safe. To effect this, the Workplace Safety and Health (WSH) Council has developed a strategy paper entitled "Building WSH Competencies in Singapore", focusing on two main areas: equipping stakeholders with the right skills and capabilities; building strong supporting institutions to guide the identification and development of such skills and capabilities.
Workplace Safety and Health Council, 5 Maxwell Road, 20-00 Tower Block, MND Complex, Singapore 069110, 2009. 20p. Illus.
Building_WSH.pdf [in English]
Healthy workplaces. Good for you. Good for business. A European campaign on safe maintenance
Lieux de travail sains. Bon pour vous. Bon pour les affaires. Une campagne européenne sur la maintenance sûre [in French]
Trabajos saludables. Bueno para ti. Buen negocia para todos. Campaña europea sobre mantenimiento seguro [in Spanish]
The Healthy Workplaces campaign is an initiative of the European Agency for Safety and Health at Work aimed at providing employers and employees with easy access to quality information on how to make their workplace safer, healthier and more productive. Published as part of the campaign, this guide focuses on safe maintenance. Contents: what is maintenance and why it is important; why carry out maintenance; getting maintenance right; about the campaign; getting involved; campaign resources. A 6p leaflet summarizes the contents of the guide.
European Agency for Safety and Health at Work, Gran Vía 33, 48009 Bilbao, Spain, 2009. 20p. Illus.
Healthy_workplaces.pdf [in English]
Lieux_de_travail_sains.pdf [in French]
Trabajos_saludables.pdf [in Spanish]
Carnevale F., Mendini M., Moriani G., eds.
English translation of the main works of Bernardino Ramazzini in two volumes. Contents of volume 1: dedication; preface; introduction, full texts of "The diseases of workers", "Notes of learned men" (dissertation), "The treatise of the diseases of workers", "The care of the health of nuns"; appendices include editors' and translators' notes and Bernardino Ramazzini's biography, works and bibliography. Contents of volume 2: full texts of "The health of princes", "Notes on sober life", "Epidemic constitutions of Modena" (1690-1694) and 16 inaugural orations.
Cierre edizioni, Via Ciro Ferrari 5, 37066 Caselle di Sommacampagna, Verona, Italy. 2009. 407p. Illus. 184 ref. (Vol. I); 469p. Illus. (Vol. II).
Safety during garbage collection - Health is not a disposable product
Sicherheit bei der Abfallsammlung - Gesundheit ist keine Wegwerfware [in German]
Garbage collection involves a high accident risk. In Germany, one out of ten garbage collectors falls victim to an occupational accident every year resulting in an average of 20 lost workdays. The work is also strenuous, especially with regard to the ageing of the working population. This article addresses the main hazards which lead to accidents during garbage collection and their causes. New and temporary workers are especially at risk and should be trained. A qualification in the form of a "garbage collector's certificate" to be acquired before starting to work would improve the professional status.
Faktor Arbeitsschutz, 2009, No.2, p.6-9. Illus. 4 ref.
Copsey S., eds.
Preventing risks to young workers: Policy, programmes and workplace practices
Young workers (15-24 years) are a very vulnerable group when it comes to occupational safety and health (OSH). However, the majority of OSH risks are preventable - whether they involve young or older workers - by applying the principles of risk assessment and putting in place the necessary preventive measures. To support information exchange on best practice, the European Agency for Safety and Health at Work has produced a report about how the occupational safety and health of young workers can be managed at policy and practice level. It provides an overview of policy and programme actions at the European level with examples at the Member State level and presents a sample of successful actions and interventions taken to improve the occupational safety and health of young workers (aged under 24) in Europe, including examples of programmes, interventions, risk assessment, training, supervision and accident cases.
European Agency for Safety and Health at Work, Gran Vía 33, 48009 Bilbao, Spain, 2009. 139p. 11 ref. Price: EUR 15.00 (excluding VAT). Downloadable version free of charge.
http://osha.europa.eu/en/publications/reports/TE3008760ENC [in English]
Sas K., Copsey S.
OSH in the school curriculum: requirements and activities in the EU Member States
To underpin occupational safety and health (OSH) education in schools and colleges, it is necessary to formalise it in curriculum requirements. This report reviews how the Member States are including OSH and risk education in their national curricula. It shows that there is considerable progress and activity in this respect at both primary and secondary education levels in terms of both implemented and planned actions in the Member States. Actions to include OSH in education at the curriculum level include: statutory requirements; voluntary curricula; guidelines and resources to support the statutory requirements and voluntary curricula; formal recommendations; national guidance and resources in cases where no curricula have been set; and promotional campaigns to support the above.
European Agency for Safety and Health at Work, Gran Vía 33, 48009 Bilbao, Spain, 2009. 180p. Illus. 22 ref. Price: EUR 15.00 (excluding VAT). Downloadable version free of charge.
http://osha.europa.eu/en/publications/reports/TE3008521ENC [in English]
Kawakami T., Sripaiboonkji P., Chaikittiporn C., Krungkrainwongse S., Krongsakulsuk U., Arin Sudthida C., Pingle A., Chaikitsakol S., Punpiputt D., Sucharitakul M., Kortum E., Kapoor K., Lehtinen S., Rinehart R., Ocon R., Rantanen J.
Healthy and safe workplaces
Collection of articles on healthy and safe workplaces of relevance to countries in the Asian-Pacific region. Contents: role of universities in providing information needed for creating a healthy and safe workplace; practical application of ILO-OSH 2001 for developing occupational safety and health management systems in a small enterprise in Thailand; occupational safety and health in a large petrochemical enterprise in India; ILO cooperation in Thailand for workplace actions aimed at preventing avian and human influenza pandemics; working towards a global WHO approach to healthy workplaces; meetings in Vietnam; using microfinance institutions innovations to improve OSH in the informal economy; prospects for basic occupational heath services in small enterprises in Korea; review of an ICOH meeting in Cape Town.
Asian-Pacific Newsletter on Occupational Health and Safety, Apr. 2009, Vol.16, No.1, p.1-23 (whole issue). Illus. Bibl.ref.
http://www.ttl.fi/en/publications/electronic_journals/asian_pacific_newsletter/archives/Documents/asian_pacific_nl1_2009.pdf [in English]
Makhonge P.W., Ivanov I.D., Rees D., Elgstrand K., Hogstedt C., Ryan A., Naidoo R., Petersson N., Kurppa K., Mwanthi M.A., Lehtinen S., Rantanen J., Mukala K.
Planning of occupational health and safety activities
Collection of articles on the planning of occupational safety and health activities of relevance to African countries. Contents: developing national plans for workers' health in Africa; planning and outcome of a work and health project in South Africa; considerations on research strategy for occupational safety and health authorities; planning of ergonomics research at workplaces; planning the East African Regional Programme on Occupational Safety and Health; occupational health services for the informal sector; review of books on OSH for developing countries; training as part of a regional programme on occupational safety and health in East Africa.
African Newsletter on Occupational Health and Safety, Aug. 2009, Vol.19, No.2, p.27-51 (whole issue). Illus. Bibl.ref.
http://www.ttl.fi/en/publications/electronic_journals/african_newsletter/african_archives/Documents/african_newsletter2_2009.pdf [in English]
Kitumbo H.I., Machida S., Makhonge P.W., Mangasi N.F., Kiwekete H.M., Lehtinen S., Comlan P., Ezinah F., Mouanga A., Kendjo E., Roy J., Obiang Ossoubita B., Abongomera L.A., Carothers R., Foad M., Denomy J.
Accident prevention - A safe workplace
Collection of articles on accident prevention and workplace safety of relevance to African countries. Contents: system for the collection and analysis of occupational accident data; chemical safety and accident prevention; factors influencing the reporting of needlestick injuries among nurses in a Ugandan hospital; role of safety culture in preventing accidents in the workplace; meetings in Nairobi and Kampala; profile of woodwork-related accidents in Gabon; impact of globalization on occupational health services in developing counties; improving working conditions through microfinance programming.
African Newsletter on Occupational Health and Safety, Apr. 2009, Vol.19, No.1, p.1-23 (whole issue). Illus. Bibl.ref.
http://www.ttl.fi/en/publications/electronic_journals/african_newsletter/Documents/african_newsletter1_2009.pdf [in English]
Ha C., Roquelaure Y., Leclerc A., Touranchet A., Goldberg M., Imbernon E.
The French musculoskeletal disorders surveillance program: Pays de la Loire network
An epidemiological surveillance system for work-related musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs) was implemented in 2002 in France's Pays de la Loire region to assess the incidence and prevalence of MSDs in the general and working populations, identify levels of exposure to occupational risk factors and investigate the proportion of cases attributable to work exposure. The estimated incidence of carpal tunnel syndrome was 1.00 per 1000 person-years in those aged 20-59 years (0.60 in men and 1.40 in women). The incidence rates were higher in employed than unemployed persons in the year of diagnosis (0.6 vs 0.3 in men and 1.7 vs 0.8 in women). Prevalence rates were 11% among men and 15% among women for upper limb clinically-diagnosed MSDs. The survey showed that MSDs represented 65% of notified work-related diseases.
Occupational and Environmental Medicine, July 2009, Vol.66, No.7, p.471-479. 29 ref.
Koppelaar E., Knibbe J.J., Miedema H.S., Burdorf A.
Determinants of implementation of primary preventive interventions on patient handling in healthcare: A systematic review
The objectives of this literature survey were to identify barriers and facilitators to the implementation of preventive interventions in the area of patient handling in healthcare and their influence on the effectiveness of these interventions. Barriers and facilitators were classified into individual and environmental factors. The most important factors were "convenience and easy accessibility" (cited in 56% of the papers studied), "supportive management climate" (18%) and "patient-related factors" (11%). An important individual factor was motivation (63%). Various factors influence the implementation of primary preventive interventions, but data were lacking for evaluating the effectiveness of the interventions.
Occupational and Environmental Medicine, June 2009, Vol.66, No.6, p.353-360. Illus. 36 ref.
Pillastrini P., Mugnai R., Bertozzi L., Costi S., Curti S., Mattioli S., Violante F.S.
Effectiveness of an at-work exercise program in the prevention and management of neck and low back complaints in nursery school teachers
The aim of this study was to determine the effectiveness of an exercise programme in the prevention and management of low back and neck pain in nursery school teachers. Seventy-one nursery school teachers working in nine locations were randomly divided into two groups. All the teachers received an ergonomics booklet, while teachers in the intervention group additionally received an extension-oriented exercise programme conducted by a physiotherapist. Data were collected at baseline and at a two-month follow-up. At follow-up, significant improvements were observed in the intervention group as compared to the control group for all the outcomes evaluated.
Industrial Health, July 2009, Vol.47, No.4, p.349-354. 40 ref.
Leggat P.A., Smith D.R.
Alcohol-related absenteeism: The need to analyse consumption patterns in order to target screening and interventions in the workplace
The impact of alcohol, tobacco and drugs in the workplace is reflected in two to three times higher rates of absenteeism, three times higher compensation claims and a quarter of all occupational accidents. This editorial argues in favour of screening employees for their alcohol consumption during their regular annual medical examinations, and providing suitable preventive interventions and treatment.
Industrial Health, July 2009, Vol.47, No.4, p.345-347. 20 ref.
Greene B.L., Miller J.D., Brown T.M., Harshman R.S., Richerson G.T., Doyle J.J.
Economic impact of the BP downshift program on blood pressure control among commercial driver license employees
The objective of this study was to assess the economic impact of a hypertension educational and awareness programme commercial drivers employed by a power generation and distribution company in the United States. An economic simulation model was developed to evaluate the costs and benefits of implementing the programme. Results showed a 16.3% (more than USD 540,000) reduction in costs for a sample of 499 drivers over two years. On a per-employee basis, annual cost savings were estimated to be USD 542.
Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, May 2009, Vol.51, No.5, p.542-553. Illus. 53 ref.
Seasonal influenza prevention in health care workers
This article describes the comprehensive influenza prevention programme recommended by the American College of Occupational and Environmental Physicians for health care workers. It involves vaccination, information dissemination, employee participation, infection control practices and employer commitment.
Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Mar. 2009, Vol.51, No.3, p.386-389. 26 ref.
Brumby S., Smith A.
"Train the trainer" model: Implications for health professionals and farm family health in Australia
This article presents the Sustainable Farm Families Train the Trainer (SFFTTT) model, a 5-day programme designed to enhance practice among health professionals working with farm families in Australia. This innovative model of addressing farmer health requires health professionals to understand the context of the farm family and encourages them to value the experience and existing knowledge of farmers and their families. Over 120 rural nurses have been trained since 2005. These trainers then successfully delivered programmes to 1000 farm families, with high participant completion, positive evaluation, and improved health indicators. In this article, rural health professionals report changes in how they approach health education, clinical practice, and promotion with farm families and farm workers.
Journal of Agromedicine, 2nd Quarter 2009, Vol.14, No.2, p.112-118. Illus. 18 ref.
Profiting from participatory ergonomics
Participatory ergonomics (PE) is a process for workplace improvement that involves workers in problem solving. This article explains the six key steps to implementing a successful PE programme: creating PE teams with appropriate members; involving the right people in the PE process; providing ergonomic training for the team; choosing a team leader; defining the participants' responsibilities; make decisions through group consultation.
Accident Prevention, May-June 2009, Vol.56, No.2, p.28-32. Illus.
Ott M.G., Oberlinner C., Lang S., Hoffmann G., Nasterlack M., Pluto R.P., Trauth B., Messerer P., Zober A.
Health and safety protection for chemical industry employees in a rotating shift system: Program design and acute injury and illness experience at work
This article describes a comprehensive health protection programme for rotating shift employees adopted by a large German chemical enterprise, and evaluates its effectiveness in injury and illness prevention. For 14,128 shift and 17,218 day workers, occupational medical records were linked to job assignment records and studied over an 11-year period. Between 1995 and 2005, initiatives aimed at shift workers contributed to their greater participation in medical examinations and health seminar days by 59% and 100%, respectively, compared to day workers. Injury rates declined over time and with increasing employee age and were not elevated among shift workers compared to day workers. Clinic visit rates for acute illnesses were generally higher for day workers. Other findings are discussed.
Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Feb. 2009, Vol.51, No.2, p.221-231. Illus. 15 ref.
Goetzel R.Z., Baker K.M., Short M.E., Pei X., Ozminkowski R.J., Wang S., Bowen J.D., Roemer E.C., Craun B.A., Tully K.J., Baase C.M., DeJoy D.M., Wilson M.G.
First-year results of an obesity prevention program at the Dow Chemical Company
This article presents the first-year results from a workplace obesity prevention programme at a large chemical company in the United States. A study was conducted among 8013 employees at nine treatment worksites who received weight management interventions and 8013 controls based at three other worksites who did not receive the interventions. Data concerning changes in employees' weight, body mass index (BMI), and other health risks were subjected to statistical analyses. After one year, a modest treatment effect was observed for weight and BMI largely because the control group subjects gained weight; however, no effect was observed for overweight and obesity prevalence. With the exception of blood glucose, other risk factors (tobacco use, high blood pressure, and systolic and diastolic blood pressure values) decreased significantly.
Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Feb. 2009, Vol.51, No.2, p.125-138. Illus. 72 ref.
Anikeeva O., Braunack-Mayer A., Rogers W.
Requiring influenza vaccination for health care workers
Annual influenza vaccination for health care workers has the potential to benefit health care professionals, their patients and their families by reducing the transmission of influenza in health care settings. Furthermore, staff vaccination programmes are cost-effective for health care institutions because of reduced staff illness and absenteeism. However, rates of vaccination remain low. This study analysed the ethical implications of a variety of efforts to increase vaccination rates, including mandatory influenza vaccination. It is concluded that a programme of incentives and sanctions may increase health care worker compliance with fewer ethical impediments than mandatory vaccination.
American Journal of Public Health, Jan. 2009, Vol. 99, No.1, p.24-29. 32 ref.
Apfelbacher C.J., Soder S., Diepgen T.L., Weisshaar E.
The impact of measures for secondary individual prevention of work-related skin diseases in health care workers: 1-year follow-up study
The objective of this study was to investigate the outcome of occupational skin disease among health care workers (HCW) one year after attendance of a secondary individual prevention (SIP) course. Two hundred and fifty-three HCW participated in a secondary individual prevention course and were contacted by telephone one year after attendance. The follow-up rate was 81%. The proportion of participants reporting skin lesions decreased significantly (68% at follow-up compared with 77% at baseline). Seventy-two per cent reported that their skin lesions had improved. Nine per cent reported having left their occupation due to their skin disease. Skin care and skin protection had improved, while the frequency of reported hand washing was reduced. Twenty-seven per cent said their quality of life was impaired due to the skin disease, compared with 54% at baseline. These findings indicate a positive impact of SIP courses.
Contact Dermatitis, Mar. 2009, Vol.60, No.3, p.144-149. Illus. 18 ref.
Miller P., Haslam C.
Why employers spend money on employee health: Interviews with occupational health and safety professionals from British industry
Interviews with 18 occupational health and safety professionals at major organizations in the United Kingdom were conducted to explore their motivations, behaviours and information needs about employee health investment. Legal compliance and ethics were found to be important drivers for employee health spending. This spending was generally calculated using data on cost of illness (mostly expressed via sickness absence), direct health expenditure per employee and insurance premiums. Generally, costs were more quantifiable than benefits. Implications of these findings are discussed.
Safety Science, Feb. 2009, Vol.47, No.2, p.163-169. 31 ref.
A breath of fresh air - Managing a smoke-free environment
Smoking is banned in workplaces and enclosed public spaces across the United Kingdom. Employers, managers or persons in control of premises must display no-smoking notices and take reasonable steps to ensure that staff, customers and visitors are aware of the ban. Aimed at occupational safety and health professionals, this leaflet offers guidance on creating, managing and maintaining a smoke-free workplace.
Institution of Occupational Safety and Health, The Grange, Highfield Drive, Wigston, Leicestershire, LE18 1NN, United Kingdom, Oct. 2008. 4p. 7 ref.
A_breath_of_fresh_air_[INTERNET_FREE_ACCESS] [in English]
Safe community - Partnership for a better community
This bilingual information note in English and Chinese defines safe community as a community where people can live, work and play safety and healthily. This can be achieved when private and public sectors work in partnership to improve safety and health. Topics addressed: benefits of a safe community programme; how to establish a safe community; support provided by the Hong Kong Safe and Healthy Community Network.
Occupational Safety and Health Council, 19/F China United Centre, 28 Marble Road, North Point, Hong Kong, 2008. 6p. Illus.
Safe_community_Partnership_[INTERNET_FREE_ACCESS] [in English]
Equality of treatment and occupational health
Igualdad de trato y salud laboral [in Spanish]
Proceedings of one-day international conference on the topic of equality of treatment and occupational health, organized by the government of the province of Santa Fe, Argentina, held on 2 May 2008. Topics addressed: discrimination and health; inequalities in occupational health; immigration, work and health; work of women and health; work of women and invisible hazards related to toxic substances; developing a gender-specific perspective in trade union occupational health strategies.
Ministerio de Trabajo y Seguridad Social de la Provincia de Santa Fe,
Rivadavia 3049/51 Ciudad de Santa Fe, S3000FWI, Argentina, 2008. 84p. Illus.
Ford N.J., Murphy R.G., Shearn P.A.
Kirklees Better Health at Work project: Final report
The objective of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of a safety and health project aimed at small enterprises in a region of England. A series of process and outcome tools were developed to measure how the project was delivered, the extent to which it had reached those intended to benefit from its services and which elements were more successful. The report documents the outcomes of the four main components of the project: marketing and promotional activities; telephone help and website providing support and guidance; occupational health advice, delivered to individual workers and/or their employers; occupational safety and health support and advice, delivered on site to SMEs and their employees. The report concludes with a discussion of the implications of the research, giving particular attention to general lessons about the delivery of occupational safety and health support.
HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 2WA, United Kingdom, 2008. x, 155p. Illus. 41 ref.
RR_670.pdf [in English]
Cox A., O'Regan S., Denvir A., Broughton A., Pearmain D., Tyers C., Hillage J.
Health and Safety Executive
What works in delivering improved health and safety outcomes
This report consists of a literature review on effective measures for delivering improved safety and health outcomes, using data published since 2002. It is supplemented by an analysis of how HSE uses and generates research-based evidence, drawing on data from interviews conducted with HSE staff. The report identifies knowledge gaps where further research is required, discusses barriers to use and generation of evidence and makes recommendations for how HSE could improve its use of evidence and commissioning of both policy and programme interventions and their respective evaluations.
HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 2WA, United Kingdom, 2008. x, 96p. Approx. 200 ref.
HSE_Research_Report_654.pdf [in English]
Health and Safety Executive
Implementation of Worklife Support's Well-Being Programme in the local authority-controlled education sector
The broad aims of this project were to introduce an approach for the management of work-related stress in the education sector and to demonstrate how this approach could have an impact on organizational well-being. It was conducted in public sector schools of two regions of the United Kingdom. The programme was shown to offer an effective risk assessment for stress. According to the end-of-programme school evaluation questionnaire, it has raised awareness of the HSE Management Standards; raised awareness of factors that affect staff well-being; supported staff to take personal responsibility for their own well-being; encouraged an atmosphere in which staff groups feel able to contribute to the promotion of well being.
HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 2WA, United Kingdom, 2008. vi, 73p. Illus.
HSE_Research_Report_652.pdf [in English]
Health and Safety Executive
Optimising hazard management by workforce engagement and supervision
Managers in the offshore oil and gas industry have recognized that a lack of skilled workforce, change to shorter working hours and increase in activity can lead to an erosion of safety and health unless balanced by significant increase in level of training and supervision. This report explores some of the means of responding to this need, based on improving comprehension of major hazards by the workforce and optimizing the management processes such as balancing workforce competence and level of supervision. By improving comprehension of major hazards, the workforce itself can play a central role in safety case preparation by being involved in identifying real improvements in safety that are reasonable and based on the day-to-day grass-roots operational experience of various disciplines.
HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 2WA, United Kingdom, 2008. x, 80p. Illus. 35 ref.
RR637.pdf [in English]
Ostrea E.M., Villanueva-Uy E., Ngerncham S., Punnakanta L., Batilando M.J., Agarwal P., Pensler E., Corrion M., Ramos E.F., Romero J., Thomas R.L.
An epidemiologic study comparing fetal exposure to tobacco smoke in three Southeast Asian countries
The high prevalence of smoking in Southeast Asia means pregnant women face exposure to tobacco smoke that may affect the health of their fetus. This study determined fetal exposure to tobacco smoke by meconium analysis for cotinine in three regions of Southeast Asia, located in the Philippines, Thailand and Singapore. Maternal exposure to tobacco smoke (active and passive ranged from 54.1% to 71.1%, while foetal exposure to tobacco smoke (by meconium analysis) ranged from 1.3% to 13.1%; however, a large proportion of infants who tested positive for cotinine (65%) were born to mothers who gave no history of either active or passive exposure to environmental tobacco smoke. Implications of these findings are discussed.
International Journal of Occupational and Environmental Health, 4th quarter 2008, Vol.14, No.4, p.257-262. 34 ref.
Ministério do Trabalho e Emprego
Analyses of fatal occupational accidents in Rio Grande do Sul - An experience of the Section of Workers' Occupational Safety and Health
Análises de acidentes do trabalho fatais no Rio Grande do Sul - A experiência da Seção de Segurança e Saúde do Trabalhador [in Portuguese]
This book presents fatal accidents notified between August 2001 and December 2007 in Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil, together with detailed studies of the causes of 35 accidents having occurred in various sectors of activity, in order to draw useful conclusions.
Superintendêcia Regional do Trabalho e Emprego do Rio Grande do Sul, Seção de Segurança e Saúde do Trabalhador (SEGUR), Av. Mauá 1013, 90010-10 Porto Alegre, Brazil, 2008. 335p. Illus. 25 ref.
Análises_de_acidentes.pdf [in Portuguese]
Good practice in preventing risks to young workers - Summary of a report
Les bonnes pratiques dans la prévention des risques pour les jeunes travailleurs - Résumé d'un rapport [in French]
Buenas prácticas en la prevención de los riesgos a los que se exponen los trabajadores jóvenes - Resumen de un informe [in Spanish]
Young people are more at risk of harm from work for a variety of reasons. They lack experience and maturity, awareness of risks, and skills and training; they may be unaware of their rights and employers' duties regarding safety and health; and they may be reluctant to speak out about problems and keen to please their new employer. They therefore need to be placed in safe and suitable jobs that are matched to their skills and mental and physical abilities and given adequate training and supervision. This fact sheet summarizes the findings of a report entitled "Preventing risks to young workers: Policy, programmes and workplace practices". The fact sheet is also available in several other European languages.
European Agency for Safety and Health at Work, Gran Vía 33, 48009 Bilbao, Spain, 2008. 2p. Illus. 1 ref.
Facts_83/EN.pdf [in English]
Facts_83/FR.pdf [in French]
Facts_83/ES.pdf [in Spanish]
Traceability of occupational exposures - I. Summary and report; II. Appendices
La traçabilité des expositions professionnelles - I. Résumé et rapport; II. Annexes [in French]
This report presents proposals aimed at improving the state of knowledge with respect to workers' exposures to occupational hazards arising from the use of carcinogenic, mutagenic and reprotoxic (CMR) products and substances, by focusing on the conditions for recording exposures to hazards, procedures for record conservation, the conditions governing access to this information and its relationship with general medical practice.
La Documentation française, 29, quai Voltaire 75007 Paris, France, Oct. 2008. 68p. Illus. (summary and report); lxxv. Illus (appendices).
Inspection_générale_des_affaires_sociales_RM2008-108P.pdf [in French]
WSH 2018 - A national strategy for workplace safety and health in Singapore
The "WSH 2018" strategy aims to achieve one of the best safety records in the world, by bringing down the national fatality rate to less than 1.8 per 100,000 workers by 2018. WSH 2018 spells out the national vision, the strategic outcomes and the strategies required to achieve the 2018 vision. It aims to synergise the efforts and resources of all stakeholders to achieve the vision of a safe and healthy workplace for all, and for Singapore to be renowned for the best practices in workplace safety and health. The strategic outcomes are: the reduction in incident rates; occupational safety and health as an integral part of business; Singapore as a renowned Centre of Excellence for OSH; a progressive and pervasive OSH culture.
Workplace Safety and Health Council, 5 Maxwell Road, 20-00 Tower Block, MND Complex, Singapore 069110, 2008. 48p. Illus.
WSH_2018.pdf [in English]
Documenting occupational exposures
Retracer les expositions professionnelles [in French]
This report presents proposals pertaining to the prevention of occupational hazards arising from carcinogens, mutagens and substances toxic to reproductive health (CMRs), particularly from the standpoint of improved understanding workers' exposures by means of the traceability of occupational exposure data, the requirements with respect to the conservation of the data, the conditions governing access to this information and its relationship with general medical practice.
La Documentation française, 29, quai Voltaire 75007 Paris, France, Oct. 2008. 180p. Illus.
http://lesrapports.ladocumentationfrancaise.fr/cgi-bin/brp/telestats.cgi?brp_ref=084000684&brp_file=0000.pdf [in French]
Ledoux E., Bernier J., Thuilier C., Laberge M., Paquin-Collins S.
Field approach for making young workers aware of OHS
Approche terrain pour rejoindre et sensibiliser les jeunes travailleurs à la SST [in French]
As a sequel to "Opération JeuneSST", which the IRSST undertook in 2004 to investigate the specific issue of workers under 25 years of age, this exploratory study examined the actions of an organization involved with young employees in small businesses aimed at raising their consciousness with respect to occupational safety and health (OSH), training, encouraging their cooperation with their employers and improving their working conditions. This study report documents several facets of the young persons' working conditions and OHS, and shows that community intervention can help improve these aspects. It also highlights the need for pursuing youth awareness-raising processes and the interest in exploring new ways of taking action in this regard.
Institut de recherche Robert-Sauvé en santé et en sécurité du travail du Québec (IRSST), 505 boul. de Maisonneuve Ouest, Montreal (Quebec) H3A 3C2, Canada, 2008. vii, 111p. Illus. 44 ref. Price: CAD 15.75. Downloadable version (PDF format) free of charge.
http://www.irsst.qc.ca/files/documents/PubIRSST/R-588.pdf [in French]
Kuoppala J., Lamminpää A., Husman P.
Work health promotion, job well-being, and sickness absences - A systematic review and meta-analysis
The aim of this systematic literature analysis was to study the association between work health promotion and job well-being, work ability, absenteeism, and early retirement. A total of 46 articles published between 1970 and 2005 were included in the analysis. There was moderate evidence that work health promotion decreased sickness absences (risk ratio RR 0.78) and increased work ability (RR 1.38). It also seems to increase mental well-being (RR 1.39). Other findings are discussed.
Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Nov. 2008, Vol.50, No.11, p.1216-1227. Illus. 123 ref.
Lu C., Schultz A.B., Sill S., Petersen R., Young J.M., Edington D.W.
Effects of an incentive-based online physical activity intervention on health care costs
The objective of this study was to test whether participation in an incentive-based online physical activity programme was associated with a moderation in employee health care costs. Health care claims trends from 2003 to 2005 were analyzed among a matched sample of participants and non-participants. The average annual health care costs for participants increased by USD 291 per year compared with an increase of USD 360 for non-participants. Participants had a significantly smaller increase in inpatient hospital costs, heart disease costs and diabetic costs compared with non-participants.
Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Nov. 2008, Vol.50, No.11, p.1209-1215. Illus. 36 ref.
Baker K.M., Goetzel R.Z., Pei X., Weiss A.J., Bowen J., Tabrizi M.J., Nelson C.F., Metz R.D., Pelletier K.R., Thompson E.
Using a return-on-investment estimation model to evaluate outcomes from an obesity management worksite health promotion program
Certain modifiable risk factors lead to high health care costs and reduced worker productivity. A predictive return-on-investment (ROI) estimation model was applied to an obesity management intervention to demonstrate the use of econometric modelling in establishing financial justification for worksite health promotion. Self-reported risk factors of 890 employees with a body mass index ≥30 were analyzed using statistical evaluation methods. Changes in risk factors, demographics and financial measures comprised the model inputs that determined medical and productivity savings. Over one year, seven out of ten health risks decreased. Of total projected savings, 59% were attributed to reduced health care expenditures and 41% resulted from productivity improvements, a USD 1.17 return per dollar of investment.
Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Sep 2008, Vol.50, No.9, p.981-990. Illus. 50 ref.
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