First aid and emergency organization - 326 entries found
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American national standard for emergency eyewash and shower equipment
This standard (approved 12 June 1981) establishes minimum performance requirements for eyewash and shower equipment for the emergency treatment of the eyes or body of a person who has been exposed to injurious materials. Sections are devoted to: emergency showers; eyewash equipment; eye/face wash equipment; hand-held drench hoses; and combination shower and eyewash and eye/face wash equipment. The section for each type of equipment covers: performance, manufacturer's testing procedures, installation, maintenance and training.
American National Standards Institute, 1430 Broadway, New York, N.Y. 10018, USA, 1981. 24p. Illus.
Series: First aid at the workplace
Serie: Erste Hilfe am Arbeitsplatz [in German]
Series of articles - intended primarily for plant physicians - entitled: the plant physician must foresee all possible emergencies; lateral position is not only for unconscious patients (emergency treatments for all types of accident); basic rules of resuscitation (monitoring cardiovascular function); cardiac arrest (simultaneous external cardiac massage and artificial respiration); epigastric pain indicating a myocardial infarction (signs of internal problems and emergency measures); the 5 p's in the event of acute arterial occlusion (pain, paraesthesia, paresis, pallor, pulselessness); measures in the even of fainting (hyperglycaemia, poisoning); toxic pulmonary oedema (immediate corticosteroid administration); electricity kills 400 people per year in the Federal Republic of Germany (measures in the event of electrical accidents).
Ärztliche Praxis, 31 Oct.-28 Nov. 1981, Vol.33, No.87, p.3194; No.88, p.3233-3234; No.89, p.3297-3298; No.90, p.3338; No.91, p.3398; No.92, p.3438; No.93, p.3490; No.94, p.3546-3551, No.95, p.3600. Illus.
Engel P., Hildebrandt G., Hinz C.D., Kock F.J., Lange W., Pasternack A., Rademacher U., Wagner K.H., Windberg H.J.
Development and testing of a cooling system for mine rescue suits, combined with a closed circuit breathing apparatus
Entwicklung und Erprobung eines Kühlsystems und eines damit kombinierbaren Atemschutzgerätes, vorwiegend für den Rettungs- und Bergungseinsatz im Bergbau unter Tage [in German]
This research report on the humanisation of work defines required conditions and climate chamber tests for the design of a complete rescue suit with an incorporated cooling system, which can be worn together with a closed-circuit breathing apparatus. Appended: report of a study on restrictions of movement and physiological factors (body temperature, heart rate, subjective comfort) associated with wearing this type of protective clothing.
Fachinformationszentrum Energie, Physik, Mathematik, 7514 Eggenstein-Leopoldshafen 2, Federal Republic of Germany, 1981. 162p. Illus. 25 ref. Price: DM.32.70.
Organisation of emergency care in industry
Organisation des soins d'urgence dans l'entreprise [in French]
M.D. thesis. Chapters are devoted to: relevant French legislation, persons involved (occupational physicians, first-aid workers, nurses), training and duties, facilities and equipment (first-aid box, first-aid post, alarm, evacuation); current structure and organisation of first aid in an undertaking, and comparison with legal requirements. The emergency care services in an automobile plant are used to illustrate the theoretical side of the study.
Université de Paris V, Faculté de médecine Cochin-Port-Royal, Paris, France, 1981. 73p. 16 ref.
Unit first aid kits
This data sheet covers the advantages and limitations of unit first-aid kits, the procedures to make them meet federal requirements, their location, and record keeping. Contents: Description and contents; requirements; uses; standardization; location; record keeping; inspection; training.
National Safety Council, 444 North Michigan Avenue, Chicago, Il. 60611, USA, 1980. 6p. Illus. 8 ref.
Occupational safety and health
Sigurnost na radu [in Serbocroatian]
This training manual deals with: basic principles of occupational safety and health (economic significance of occupational accidents and diseases, legal aspects, OSH organisation, labour inspection, responsibilities); sources of hazards and protective measures (mechanical hazards and safety devices, electrical safety, protection against falls, harmful dust and toxic substances, radiation hazards, noise and vibration, microclimate, premises and workplaces, personal protection); fire protection; occupational hygiene and occupational diseases; first aid.
Zavod za nakladničku djelatnost iz sigurnosti na radu, Kroflinova 34, 41000 Zagreb, Yugoslavia, 1980. 205p. Illus.
Seki C., Branco S., Zeller U.
Manual of first aid for occupational accidents
Manual de primeiros socorros nos acidentes do trabalho [in Portuguese]
This manual is designed for OSH personnel, employers and workers. Chapters are devoted to: the first-aid box and its contents, wounds, haemorrhage, burns, foreign bodies, poisoning, fainting, convulsions, cold, heat, shock, electric shock, cardiac arrest - cardiac massage, respiratory arrest - artificial respiration, fractures, bruising, sprains, dislocations, injury from poisonous animals, transport of injured persons.
Fundacentro, Al. Barão de Limeira 539, CEP 01202, São Paulo, Brasil, 1980. 100p. Illus.
Manual on poisoning emergencies - Industrial chemicals other than pharmaceuticals
Abrégé des urgences toxicologiques - Produits industriels non pharmaceutiques [in French]
This manual intended for the layman contains an index of some 300 toxic substances used in the chemical industry and in agriculture, a list of poisoning symptoms by groups of toxic substances, and sections on: first aid in case of ingestion, inhalation, skin or eye contact. Annex: general first-aid rules for chemical poisoning incidents.
Editions Masson, 120 boulevard Saint-Germain, 75280 Paris Cedex 06, France, 1980. 183p.
Paschold K., Thiele H., Zeuner L.
First aid at the workplace
Erste Hilfe am Arbeitsplatz [in German]
Booklet intended for the layman, especially relatively untrained first-aiders who have to take over at the scene of the accident until specialised rescue personnel come along. Principles of first aid, mouth-to-mouth resuscitation, what to do in case of fainting or loss of consciousness, blockage of the respiratory tract, stoppage of breathing, cardiac arrest, shock, transport of the injured, provisional bandaging, splints, types of injury and corresponding treatment, bleeding, fractures, sprains, acute and chronic poisoning, burns, drowning, insect bites.
Verlag Tribüne, Am Treptower Park 28-30, DDR-1193 Berlin, 1980. 80p. Illus. Price: M.1.00.
Dräger films synchronised slide and sound shows
Dräger Filme und Tonbildschauen [in German]
Catalogue of films and audiovisual kits (colour slides and synchronised commentary) available from Drägerwerk, covering the following fields: respiratory protection, gaz analysis, emergency medical treatment, diving. The catalogue gives the following information: summary; format; running time; year of production; conditions of hire; sale price.
Drägerwerk AG, Abt. Öffentlichkeitsarbeit, Postfach 1339, 2400 Lübeck 1, Federal Republic of Germany, 1980. 41p.
Department of Labor, Mine Safety and Health Administration
Mine rescue teams: minimum requirements.
Regulations (effective 11 July 1981) under the Mine Safety and Health Act 1977. Operators of underground mines must have at least 2 mine rescue teams available at each underground mine. Cooperative agreements and contractual arrangements are permitted, and alternative plans may be submitted for mine rescue capability for small and remote mines, and for special mining conditions. Provisions concerning: mine rescue stations; equipment and maintenance requirements at each station (12 self-contained oxygen breathing apparatus; portable supply of liquid oxygen, liquid air, oxygen pumps, cap lamps, gas detectors); physical criteria and physical requirements for mine rescue team members (medical records); training (instructors, training records); emergency notification plan and mine map.
Federal Register, 30 Code of Federal Regulations Part 49. Vol.45, No.135, 11 July 1980, p.46992-47005.
Mayne J., Vanwonterghem K.
Classification of rescuers for interventions under difficult climatic conditions
Classification des sauveteurs en vue d'interventions dans des conditions climatiques pénibles. [in French]
30,000 operations at temperature of 30-42°C undertaken since 1960 are reported. For each rescuer measurements were made of physiological and subjective factors (heart rate after the operation, increase in core temperature, recovery of heart rate, subjective assessment, weight loss). A fatigue index was established permitting curves to be plotted giving the intervention limits according to the effort required, and a classification method to be developed of rescuers based on findings during the last 5 operations (12 months).
Annales des mines de Belgique - Annalen der Mijnen van België, July-Aug. 1980, No.7-8, p.727-744. Illus. 4 ref.
Braker W., Mossman A.L., Siegel D.
Effects of exposure to toxic gases. First aid and medical treatment
This book is designed as a practical reference guide for those concerned with administering first aid to workers exposed to asphyxiant or toxic gases. An industrial hygiene introduction is followed by sections dealing with the effects of exposure and the treatment required after exposure to numerous substances and classes of substances. For each substance or class listed, sections cover: physical and chemical description; major hazards; effects in humans and animals; toxicity; threshold limit values; preventive health measures and safety precautions; first aid.
Matheson, P.O. Box 1587, Secaucus, N.J. 07094, USA, 1979 (second edition); 172p. 283 ref. Price: US-$15.00.
R-30 self-contained breathing apparatus for mine rescue work
Izolirujuščij respirator R-30 dlja gornospasatel'nyh rabot [in Russian]
Brief description of a new compressed-oxygen respirator: a duraluminium back-pack (weighing 11kg in full working order) contains an oxygen cylinder, a pressure-reducing valve, reserve cartridge, breathing bellows and cooler. The pack is available with a simple mouthpiece or with a full-view facepiece. For work in hot environment (27-60°C) a refrigerant is inserted into the cooler.
Bezopasnost' truda v promyšlennosti, Dec. 1979, No.12, p.29-30. Illus.
Burn first aid.
Burns are defined and described according to the source and effect on tissue. The method of determining the extent of burn injury (by applying the "rule of nines", assigning to various parts of the body increments of 9% of the total skin area) is shown. Important information needed for the hospital on admission of a victim includes age, weight and general health; date of last tetanus immunisation; pulse, temperature and blood pressure at intervals en route, and the cause of the burns. The priorities of treatment, effects of smoke inhalation, criteria for hospitalisation, and a training method for first aid burn care are discussed.
National Safety News, June 1979, Vol.119, No.6, p.83-87. Illus. 8 ref.
First aid in factories - Role of industrial medical officers and nursing staff
Le secourisme en milieu de travail - Le rôle des médecins et du personnel infirmier. [in French]
This data sheet replaces the previous one abstracted as CIS 1928-1973, Vad (603). A review of current regulations on this subject is followed by considerations on the historical background and expansion of first aid in France since its origins, emphasising the role since 1957 of the French National Safety Institute (which became the INRS in 1968). A survey of the situation in 1971 led to the establishment by the INRS of an accelerated training programme for first-aid workers, one of its objectives being to increase their awareness of accident prevention methods in the workplace. This programme was launched at the national level in 1974. The author defines the role the industrial medical officer can play in training first-aid workers with the help of the industrial nurse.
Cahiers de notes documentaires - Sécurité et hygiène du travail, 3rd quarter 1979, No.96, Note No.1202-96-79, p.437-448. Illus.
The new safety regulation on first aid
Die neue UVV Erste Hilfe [in German]
This is a commentary on the new regulation, VBG 109, effective on 1 Apr. 1979 in the Fed.Rep. of Germany (CIS 79-1767. While the previous regulation stressed treatment, the new version gives priority to medical measures to be taken on the spot to ensure maintenance of vital functions, as a first link in the rescue chain. Its scope includes occupational and commuting accidents and occupational diseases. Provisions concern employers' obligations (communications and alert, sick bays, first-aid equipment, number and training of in-plant first aiders and nurses, instruction of workers, marking of equipment and installations, medical treatment and transport, records) and workers' obligations (availability for first-aid functions).
Die Berufsgenossenschaft, Jan. 1979, No.1, p.7-12. Illus.
Federation of Industrial Mutual Accident Insurance Associations (Hauptverband der gewerblichen Berufsgenossenschaften), Bonn, 1 Apr. 1979.
Erste Hilfe [in German]
This safety regulation (effective 1 Apr. 1979) mainly covers employers' obligations concerning equipment and personnel: alerting systems, infirmary and equipment, number of first aiders, instruction on procedure in the event of an accident, identification of first-aid equipment, medical treatment and transportation, records. Two articles define workers' obligations: first-aid training, availability of personnel, notification of injury. Rules for implementation and commentaries are appended.
Carl Heymanns Verlag KG, Gereonstrasse 18-32, 5000 Köln 1, Germany (Fed.Rep.), 1979. 2 booklets: 8 + 8p.
International Labour Organization (ILO), World Health Organization (WHO)
Manual on early medical teatment of possible radiation injury
Contents of this manual on early medical treatment of possible radiation injury: background and general principles; new methods for the treatment of internal contamination by alpha emitters; emergency local decontamination; precautions to be taken in the event of hospitalization; organization, planning, training. Appendices include sampling techniques, techniques for local decontamination of the skin, data sheets of basic information for the physician, standard first-aid kits, decontamination room supplies, practical first-aid and medical procedures for sodium burns.
International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), Wagramerstrasse 5, P.O. Box 100, 1400 Wien, Austria, 1978. 141p. Illus. Bibl.ref.
Harzbecker K., Krause M., Mährlein W., Schettler R.
Rectangular effort tests under hypoxic conditions in mine rescue workers
Rektanguläre Belastungsuntersuchungen unter Sauerstoffmangel bei Grubenwehrangehörigen im Bergbau [in German]
Three-stage effort tests corresponding to an oxygen uptake of 1,050, 1,350, and 1,650ml/min were performed in 38 healthy mine rescue workers following a basic examination in normal or hypoxic conditions and low atmospheric pressure. Significant cardiocirculatory, pulmonary and metabolic changes occurred above all in stages 2 and 3 of the tests, showing that the load limit was being approached but had not been exceeded. Thus under these hypoxic conditions the starting point for training measures is at stages 2 and 3 of the effort tests.
Zeitschrift für die gesamte Hygiene und ihre Grenzgebiete, Aug. 1978, Vol.24, No.8, p.594-597. Illus. 23 ref.
Bore hole rescue systems.
This article commences with a description of one of the first bore hole mining rescues in Aug. 1963 at Sheppton, Pennsylvania, and comments on progress in this field since that time: US Bureau of Mines sponsored study to determine how to improve miners' prospects of survival when trapped underground, formation in 1971 of a Mine Emergency Operations Group at the US Bureau of Mines, description of a simulated disaster, use of oil well rigs for drilling, technological progress in drilling, description of a deep (over 300m) rescue system developed by the South African Chamber of Mines, using high pressure (250psi) and high-speed drilling, and a vertical pipe rescue system recently invented in the USA. Other aspects considered include: availability of higher pressure air compressors (<350psi) commercially; role of US governmment; periodic retraining of personnel.
American Mining Congress Journal, 11 Nov. 1978, Vol.64, No.11, p.33-40. Illus.
OHNs play an important part in eye care and treatment.
This article stresses the importance of immediate treatment of occupational eye injuries to avoid permanent eye damage. Aspects considered include: training of occupational health nurses; their duties (quick judgment of the situation and diagnosis, prompt care - particularly in the case of chemical burns of the cornea, laceration and blunt injuries -, ascertaining the chemical involved, use of topical anaesthetic, eye irrigation, etc.); exploration of the eye; record-keeping; history of any current eye complaint; immediate reference of central retinal artery occlusion and other conditions to an ophthalmologist; abrasions; foreign bodies; conjunctivitis; keratitis; iritis; acute glaucoma; allergic reactions; eye strain due to bad lighting, etc.
Occupational Health and Safety, May-June 1978, Vol.47, p.30-35. Illus. 4 ref.
Minimum requirements for industrial unit-type first-aid kits.
This standard lists minimum requirements for first-aid kits in US plants, specifying standardised sizes for cases and unit packagings for bandages, tourniquets, eye dressings and burn treatments. Definitions, recommendations as to quality control and storage.
ANSI Z308.1-1978, American National Standards Institute, 1430 Broadway, New York, N.Y. 10018, USA, 16 Mar. 1978. 12p.
Flameproof clothing for rescue teams
Vêtements antiflammes pour sauveteurs. [in French]
Research was carried on in laboratories in France, Germany (Fed.Rep.) and Belgium to develop protective clothing for mine rescue teams, capable of being worn for at least 1h in high temperature conditions and affording protection against certain types of explosions. A first selection between available fabrics was made by laboratory tests to determine, for a constant heat flux, the resistance of the material to the flame and to the heat flux. Tests for portability and wearing qualities in actual rescue work conditions enabled a second choice to be made. Finally, explosion tests in mine galleries (14m2 and 5m2 section) showed that at present the best equipment in ambient temperatures below 30°C was an outer garment of Baumwoll-Moleskine worn over a suit of "Doppel Frottee (Schiesser)", and that for temperatures above 30°C the same inner garment should be worn, but soaked in 400% of its weight in water. Appendices: rescue worker's fatigue index, list of fabrics tested, test results.
Annales des mines de Belgique - Annalen der Mijnen van België, May 1978, No.5, p.537-580. Illus.
Manitoba Regulation 207/77 respecting first aid requirements [Canada - Manitoba]
Regulation issued under the Workplace Safety and Health Act (1976).
Queen's Printer, Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada, Oct. 1977. 6p.
First aid rooms.
A comprehensive guide for designing and equipping the optimal in-plant first aid room, covering the following aspects: statutory requirements; planning; size (plans of rooms for 50, 250 and 500 people illustrated); detailed requirements for different types of plant (blast furnaces, copper mills, iron mills, foundries, metal works, saw mills, woodworking factories, oil cake manufacture, chemical works, herring curing, clay works, shipbuilding and ship repairing, construction sites, etc.). Construction: practical advice on walls, floors, ceilings, windows, doors, lighting, ventilation, water suppy and drainage, electrical fittings, sanitary fittings, basic furniture and equipment, colour schemes, mobile units. Special section on a portable unit equipped as a first aid room.
Occupational Health, July 1977, Vol.29, No.7, p.292-301. Illus.
Underground mine communications.
This information circular is divided into 4 parts, each containing a number of research papers: 1. mine telephone systems (industrial communications system; coaxial-cable telephone system, etc.); 2. systems for calling miners; 3. haulage systems (trolley carrier-phone systems, UHF mobile radio on underground ambulances, haulageway locomotives, etc.); 4. UHF section-to-place communications (trapped-miner location and communication systems, longwall mining communications, refuge shelter communication, transmitter/receiver sets for mine disaster rescue teams, medium-frequency mine radio, etc.).
Information Circulars 8742-8745, Bureau of Mines, 4800 Forbes Avenue, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 15213, USA, 1977. 4 parts: 233p. Illus. 61 ref.
Proctor H., London P.S.
Principles for first aid for the injured.
This manual, intended for hospital and in-plant safety personnel, covers a considerably wider field than that normally covered by books on first aid. Contents: principles (lethal effects of injury, artificial ventilation, restarting the heart, etc.); wounds; blood and bleeding; fractures, dislocation, fracture-dislocations; open and closed minor injuries; burns (thermal, non-thermal), scalds; craniocerebral injuries; injuries of the chest, abdomen, back, pelvis and spine; organisation and speed in first aid; recent developments in first aid and other emergency care (training, transport of injured by road, air, etc.). Alphabetical index.
Published by Butterworth & Co., 88 Kingsway, London WC2B 6AB, United Kingdom, 1977. 284p. Illus. 18 ref. Price: £6.25.
New first aid/medical treatment label for exposure to acrylonitrile.
This label is designed to accompany patients for further medical care after emergency treatment. Places to be marked indicate degree of exposure, toxic effects, symptoms, first aid given and medical treatment to be carried out.
Chemical Industries Association Ltd., Alembic House, 93 Albert Embankment, London SE1 7TU, United Kingdom. Price: £0.54 per 10.
An electromagnetic system for detecting and locating trapped miners.
Description of electromagnetic through-the-earth transmitter/receiver equipment for detection of miners trapped underground, operating from above ground. The system was tested by the U.S. Bureau of Mines and approved as a practical means of locating trapped miners in emergencies. The transmitter, which is small, relatively light and of rugged construction, is built into the miner's cap lamp battery pack, usually worn on the belt. Principles of intrinsic safety are borne in mind. The direction-finding receiver can be operated on foot above-ground, or from a helicopter.
Report of Investigations 8159, U.S. Bureau of Mines, 4800 Forbes Avenue, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 15213, USA, 1977. 15p. Illus. Gratis.
http://meta.fgov.be/pdf/pk/nlkfg03.pdf (cons.) [in Dutch]
http://meta.fgov.be/pdf/pk/frkfg03.pdf (cons.) [in French]
Weaver A., Britt K.A.
Criteria for effective eyewashes and safety showers.
Extensive literature review on design criteria, maintenance, testing and personnel training. Optimal designs are recommended. Discussed are: existing standards, design parameters, types of emergency equipment, location, water supply, pressure, temperature, controls, hazard markings, protection from freezing, portable eyewashes, caustic soda facilities, maintenance and testing, training, emergency procedure.
Professional Safety, June 1977, Vol.22, No.6, p.38-45, 53-54. Illus. 46 ref.
Stateham R.M., Lombardi J.A.
Locating miners in smoke-filled mine openings with infrared imagers.
When fire breaks out in a mine, smoke can become a major hindrance in the safe evacuation of personnel, filling the mine openings and inducing a visual "whiteout" with visibility near zero. Men so trapped in smoke may wander aimlessly, succumbing to confusion, exhaustion, or panic. Basing their calculations on data obtained from measurements of smoke from coal-fired power plants, predicting that infrared imagers would be useful tools for vision through dense smoke, the authors used infrared imagers operating in the 3-5µm spectral region to evaluate their efficacy for this purpose. A mine opening 110m long was filled with smoke from burning coal, and 2 men, wearing breathing apparatus, moved through the smoke to serve as targets. They were detected and identified at 80m.
Report of Investigations 8192, Bureau of Mines, 4800 Forbes Avenue, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 15213, USA, 1976. 16p. Illus. 13 ref. Gratis.
ZH 1/546, Federation of Industrial Mutual Accident Insurance Associations (Hauptverband der gewerblichen Berufsgenossenschaften), Bonn, July 1976.
First aid for severe exposure to ionising radiation
Erste Hilfe bei erhöhter Einwirkung ionisierender Strahlen [in German]
Contents of this information sheet: emergency procedure following irradiation to identify type of radiation and prevent contamination; measures in the event of whole-body or partial irradiation, skin contamination, wounds, or penetration by ingestion, inhalation, etc.
Carl Heymanns Verlag KG, Gereonstrasse 18-32, 5000 Köln 1, Germany (Fed.Rep.), 1976. 15p.
ZH 1/403, Federation of Industrial Mutual Accident Insurance Associations (Hauptverband der gewerblichen Berufsgenossenschaften), Bonn, May 1976.
First aid in electrical accidents
Erste Hilfe bei Unfällen durch elektrischen Strom [in German]
This information sheet contains rules covering: rescue, removal and transport of injured person, first aid; positioning the victim, measures in case of electric shock, mouth-to-mouth resuscitation, external heart massage, procedure in case of electric burns. The full set of rules is reproduced in poster form, enclosed.
Carl Heymanns Verlag KG, Gereonstrasse 18-32, 5000 Köln 1, Germany (Fed.Rep.), 1976. 10p.
Weaver A., Britt K., Pierce D.
Eyewash and safety shower criteria document.
This report is a guide for the design, maintenance and use of the safety equipment. Existing standards; design recommendations (type of equipment needed, location, water supply, pressure, temperature, controls, dimensions, hazard markings, protection from freezing); portable eyewashes and showers; and caustic soda burn treatment are described in detail and summarised. Maintenance and testing and employee training are discussed. Appended are a list of substances (about 500) requiring eyewashes and/or safety showers; pipe size calculations; and a discussion of the vulnerability of human tissue to corrosive substances.
North Carolina Department of Labor, Occupational Safety and Health Administration, Raleigh, North Carolina, USA, Aug. 1976. 67p. 61 ref.
Hoegg U., Schmidt P.
Treatment of burns by several hours' cooling
Mehrstündige Kühlung bei Verbrennungen [in German]
Description of a hypothermic method of treating first and second degree burns by application of cold water and ice packs, with results obtained by a works medical service in over 500 cases. This method reduces pain, inhibits formation of blisters and prevents development of secondary tissue damage. The burns healed more rapidly and no secondary infections were observed. The method is simple and can be administered by auxiliary nursing personnel.
Arbeitsmedizin - Sozialmedizin - Präventivmedizin, Apr. 1976, Vol.11, No.4, p.109-110. 15 ref.
De Rosa M.I., Stein R.L.
An ice-cooling garment for mine rescue teams.
This report describes a prototype ice-cooling garment developed by the U.S. Bureau of Mines to alleviate physiological strain due to heat stress. The effectiveness of the garment was tested with subjects at a typical work rate (1,200 Btu/hr) expected during rescue operations and in various hot environments (97-113°F (36-45°C) dry bulb and 80-89°F (27-32°C) wet bulb). High temperatures encountered by mine rescue teams during emergency situations may cause severe physiological strain, hindering the men from carrying out rescue and recovery missions. During exposures with the ice cooling garment, the subjects were able to maintain a safe deep body temperature of 100.4°F (38°C) or below. Without the garment, the deep body temperature rose beyond these values, a condition considered unsafe for continuous work in hot conditions. Both heart rate and skin temperature were lower while wearing the garment. Subjective comments also indicated a marked benefit by wearing the ice-cooling garment.
Report of Investigations 8139, U.S. Bureau of Mines, Publications Distribution Branch, 4800 Forbes Avenue, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 15213, USA, 1976. 13p. Illus. 11 ref.
Causes, diagnosis and immediate treatment of burns
Ursachen, Diagnose und erste Versorgung von Verbrennungen [in German]
This article defines criteria for evaluating the severity of burns, stresses the importance of these criteria for the prognosis and diagnosis, and gives a number of basic rules for first-aid personnel on procedures to follow at the accident site. This is followed by advice on the treatment of burns (cold water treatment is recommended as an immediate first step). On-the-spot action by the plant physician should include: evaluation of extent of burns and determination of other injury; administration of analgesics; treatment in the event of inhalation of toxic substances and above all replacement of water losses. Hospitalisation is mandatory when the skin area affected exceeds 15%.
Zentralblatt für Arbeitsmedizin, Arbeitsschutz und Prophylaxe, Apr. 1976, Vol.26, p.82-88. Illus. 6 ref.
First aid: training, plant program, cardio-pulmonary resuscitation, fire blanket, emergency medical technicians, rescue gear.
This set of related articles covers training workers in first aid procedures and use of equipment, including heart attack and stroke; guidelines for instituting a first aid programme in the plant (training, sources of instruction, facilities, first aid room, kits, records, limitations, life saving); a fire blanket which is impregnated with a thixotropic gel; description of emergency medical technicians training and work; student-designed rescue gear (life support for rescuers, reconnaissance, transport, neck brace, mine communication device, first aid kits).
National Safety News, Aug. 1976, Vol.114, No.2, p.55-67. Illus.
Don't let him die.
This film, in live-action and cartoon, is aimed at both trained and untrained persons, and deals with the immediate life-saving measures that can be carried out at once in the event of an accident. The actions to be taken to prevent a serious injury being fatal are shown. The four life-threatening conditions - asphyxia, haemorrhage, shock and cardiac arrest - are described and details of the urgent life-saving measures are given in each case.
16mm colour film, optical sound track, 20min. Stewart Film Distributors Ltd., 107-115 Long Acre, London WC2E 9NU, United Kingdom.
Give him air.
The film is aimed at a general audience. It deals with asphyxia and uses live-action and cartoon sequences to illustrate the 5 situations in which a casualty may die for want of air: poisonous atmosphere, blocked air passage, coma, crushed chest and stab wound. The life-saving actions to be taken in each case are shown in detail and there is no attempt made to conceal the unpleasant aspects of the injuries leading to asphyxia.
16mm colour film, optical sound track, 18min. Stewart Film Distributors Ltd., 107-115 Long Acre, London WC2E 9NU, United Kingdom.
Handle him with care.
The film shows, in live-action and cartoon, what to do when handling casualties - cases of falls, collapse, severe cuts, heavy blows, burns and fractures. The rules to be followed by untrained persons, arriving first on the scene, are: 1. Look and observe; 2. Don't move the injured person (unless you have to in case of emergency); 3. Treat gently. In illustrating rule 1 it is pointed out that one has to look for breathing, bleeding, and consciousness and to observe whether there is pain, paralysis or broken bones. These conditions, and exceptions to rule 2 are shown in a series of examples. Advice is given for gentle handling and relief of pain in cases of fractures and burns.
16mm colour film, optical sound track, 20min. Stewart Film Distributors Ltd., 107-115 Long Acre, London WC2E 9NU, United Kingdom.
Recommendations on the elaboration of contingency plans for first aid in the event of radiation accidents
Empfehlungen zur Ausarbeitung von Ablaufplänen für die Erste Hilfe bei Strahlenunfällen [in German]
This report deals with the preparation and execution of first-aid measures in the various types of radiation accident. First-aid measures should follow a procedure incorporated in the emergency plan. A sample of such a procedure is given: names and telephone numbers of responsible persons and institutions, measures to be taken for the rescue of victims, evaluation of radiation exposure, decontamination, report.
SAAS-177, Report des Staatlichen Amtes für Atomsicherheit und Strahlenschutz der DDR, May 1975.
Practical guide to first aid in the building trade and civil engineering
Guide pratique du secouriste du bâtiment et des travaux publics. [in French]
Instructions for building and construction workers who have undergone theoretical and practical first-aid training. Definition of the first-aider's role. First-aid facilities: first-aid kit (list of contents); site first-aid post (list of materials needed); list of reserve pharmaceuticals; methods of removing seriously wounded; telephone numbers. Action by the first-aider for serious cases; first contact with the victim (detection of lesions and their treatment in order of importance). First-aid techniques: haemorrhage; asphyxia and artificial respiration; lifting and transportation; removal of several victims.
Edition OPPBTP n°144 E 75, Organisation for Safety in Building Construction and Civil Engineering (Organisme professionnel de prévention du bâtiment et des travaux publics), 2bis rue Michelet, 92130 Issy-les-Moulineaux, and National Study Group of Industrial Physicians in the Building Construction and Civil Engineering Sectors (Groupement national d'étude des médecins du bâtiment et des travaux publics), 6 rue Paul-Valéry, 75116 Paris, France, 5th edition, Mar. 1975. 64p. Illus.
Bulk first aid kits.
This data sheet covers types of kits, contents, uses, standardisation, location, recordkeeping, inspections and training. A statement of understanding between the U.S. Department of Labor and the American National Red Cross on first-aid training is reproduced.
Data Sheet 651, National Safety Council, 425 North Michigan Avenue, Chicago, Illinois 60611, USA, Aug. 1975. 3p. Illus. 17 ref. Price: US-$0.50.
The factory health worker, an indispensable auxiliary
Der Fabriksamariter, ein unentbehrlicher Helfer im Betrieb [in German]
Le samaritain d'usine, un auxiliaire indispensable. [in French]
By a number of examples taken from real life the author shows how speedy and efficient action taken by a competent factory nurse-first aid attendant can in many cases prevent an injury or disease from taking a more serious or even fatal course.
Cahiers suisses de la sécurité du travail, Swiss National Accident Insurance Institute (Caisse nationale suisse d'assurance en cas d'accidents), Luzern, Switzerland, Jan. 1975, No.118, 12p. Illus. Gratis.
First-aid manual - Industrial non-pharmaceutical chemical substances
Manuel de premiers soins d'urgence - Produits chimiques industriels non pharmaceutiques. [in French]
Handbook intended for the general public as well as for safety officers and others responsible for workers' safety (foremen, first-aid workers, firemen, chemists, agronomists, etc.). Contents: the first-aid worker's golden rule, first treat the dominant symptom which calls for immediate action (respiratory arrest, state of shock, eye or skin injury); alphabetical index of some 300 products among those most commonly used in the large-scale chemical industry and in agriculture, with reference to appended alphabetically classified data sheets for these products; description of poisoning symptoms by groups of chemicals, in order of appearance, for different routes of entry. Appendices: first-aid schedules in event of inhalation (yellow pages), ingestion (green), contact with the skin (pink); contact with the eyes (blue). General first-aid instructions for medical emergencies due to chemical poisoning terminate this manual.
Editions J. Duculot, B-5800 Gembloux, Belgium, 1974. 219p. Price: BF.340.00.
A technique for analyzing building evacuation plans and facilities designs.
This article describes methods, especially practical where temporary escape routes must be devised, enabling safety personnel to identify potential bottleneck locations where fire wardens should be positioned. An example evacuation tree is illustrated, and formulae are reproduced giving data on estimated traffic flow velocity in a given passageway or stairway, the capacity of a passageway or stairway, the flow rate for each branch of the tree, etc.
ASSE Journal, Aug.1974, Vol.19, No.8, p.26-28. Illus. 3 ref.
Isakin A.F., Nikitin V.I., Artemenko A.I., Polškov N.Ja., Jagupov I.N.
New equipment for the transport of injured workers in underground mines
Novoe sredstvo dlja transportirovanija postradavših v šahtah [in Russian]
Description of a vacuum immobilisation stretcher resembling a sleeping bag which is useful for the transport of severely injured workers in confined locations. It takes less than 6min to immobilise the injured person in any position (lying, upright or half-seated). The stretcher consists of an air-tight fabric envelope which is filled with expanded polystyrene granules. When the air inside the envelope is extracted by means of the vacuum pump supplied with the stretcher, the envelope becomes rigid.
Bezopasnost' truda v promyšlennosti, May 1974, No.5, p.38-39. Illus.
Manual for first-aid attendants in industry
Aide-mémoire du sauveteur-secouriste du travail. [in French]
Intended for certified first aid and rescue workers in industry, this manual indicates schematically the correct action to take to remove the injured person from the source of danger, give first aid and avoid taking wrong action or giving wrong treatment.
Edition INRS n°497, French National Research and Safety Institute (Institut national de recherche et de sécurité), 30 rue Olivier-Noyer, 75680 Paris Cedex 14, France, 1974. 58p. Illus.
Resuscitation - Diagnosis and medical care of emergencies at the workplace
Reanimation - Diagnostik und Therapie des Notfalls am Arbeitsplatz [in German]
This special issue contains the following articles: on-the-spot lifesaving techniques without medical equipment; use of ambulance or helicopter; an up-to-date pharmacological and instrument kit for emergencies; resuscitation drugs; use of intensive care stretcher bed in ambulances; syndrome in cases of severe burning; hyperbaric oxygen therapy in the treatment of gas gangrene.
Arbeitsmedizin - Sozialmedizin - Präventivmedizin, Aug. 1974, Vol.9, No.8, p.157-173.
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