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First aid and emergency organization - 326 entries found

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CIS 96-508 First aid (haemorrhages)
Primeros auxilios (Hemorragias) [in Spanish]
In the case of haemorrhage emergencies, rapid first aid action can be decisive. This video shows the way to stem a haemorrhage depending on where it is located, application of a tourniquet and urgent transport of the injured person.
Instituto Nacional de Seguridad e Higiene en el Trabajo, ediciones y Publicaciones, C/ Torrelaguna, 73-28027 Madrid, Spain. PAL videotape (13min). Price: ESP 3000 + VAT. ###

CIS 96-507 First aid (Artificial respiration)
Primeros auxilios (Respiración artificial) [in Spanish]
Causes of cardiac or respiratory arrest. Basic revival techniques: artificial respiration and heart massage carried out by one or two people.
Instituto Nacional de Seguridad e Higiene en el Trabajo, ediciones y Publicaciones, C/ Torrelaguna, 73-28027 Madrid, Spain. PAL videotape (10min). Price: ESP 3000 + VAT. ###


CIS 97-72 Hachet J.C.
Emergencies in occupational medicine
Urgences en médecine du travail [in French]
Update of CIS 83-855. Main subjects covered in this guide on emergencies at the workplace: analysis of the enterprise with respect to occupational safety and health; role of health care personnel and training; in-plant safety and health organization; first-aid equipment; first-aid and emergency organization; first-aid and emergency treatment (haemorrhage, respiratory distress, cardiovascular disorders, cardiac arrest, coma, hypothermia, shock, musculoskeletal problems, burns, wounds, bites, acute poisoning, psychiatric disorders, diving decompression, large-scale accidents).
Masson S.A., 120 bd Saint-Germain, 75280 Paris Cedex 06, France; Masson S.p.A., Via Statuto 2/4, 20121 Milano, Italy; Masson S.A., Avenida Príncipe de Asturias 20, 08012 Barcelona, Spain, 2nd ed., 1995. 347p. Illus. Bibl.ref. Index.

CIS 96-1538 Occupational Health and Safety (Promotion) Act, 1994 - Work Place (First Aid) Regulations, 1995 [Malta]
These Regulations (effective: 1 Jan. 1996) require employers to maintain first aid boxes, to ensure the presence of first aiders and to provide first aid rooms for their employees. The Factories (First Aid) Regulations, 1949 are repealed.
Government Gazette (Malta), Supplement, 29 Nov. 1995, No.16213, p.B1462-B1466.

CIS 96-1537 The Factories (First Aid) Regulations 1995 [Singapore]
Regulations issued under the authority of the Factories Act (CIS 91-703). They specify the minimum requirements for first-aid boxes or containers in workplaces. They also require employers in workplaces where more than 25 persons are employed to appoint first-aiders.
Republic of Singapore - Government Gazette (Subsidiary Legislation Supplement), 29 Sep. 1995, No.48, p.1671-1674.

CIS 96-711
Health and Safety Commission
Escape and rescue from mines
This approved code of practice gives practical guidance on the Escape and Rescue from Mines Regulations 1995. Contents: general duties of owners, managers and employers; escape and emergency organization (emergency plan, emergency accommodation, emergency equipment, mine plans for emergency use, warning and other communication systems, arrangements for escape, training and information); general rescue duties; rescue team and conduct of rescue operations (selection and training of rescue team members, training in use of breathing apparatus, medical examination and fitness to undertake rescue work, role of rescue officers and manager).
HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 6FS, United Kingdom, 1995. iv, 60p. Illus. Price: GBP 9.50.

CIS 95-1685 Ferriday D.
The use and cost of first aid in the food and drink manufacturing industry
A questionnaire survey of 36 food and drink manufacturing companies in the United Kingdom showed that almost all of the companies complied with current legislation by providing trained first aiders and adequate treatment equipment and facilities. The average cost was GBP 16.00 per worker per year. The majority of the treatment provided (93%) was of a minor nature. A case is made for first-aid training to be reduced in content, but undertaken more frequently, to ensure that first aiders can adequately manage an acute, life-threatening medical emergency.
Occupational Medicine, Aug. 1995, Vol.45, No.4, p.199-204. 11 ref.


CIS 97-780 First aid at the workplace: Training manual for first aiders; Teacher's guide
Första hjälpen på arbetsplatsen: Kursbok för skyddssamariter; Lärarhandledning [in Swedish]
Revised edition of the manuals abstracted under CIS 88-149 and CIS 89-771. They are recommended for use at a 16-hour training course for first aiders. The manuals should also be reviewed regularly. They cover: preparedness at the workplace (responsibilities of employers, first aiders and occupational health services); first-aid kits and dressing materials; how to judge the situation when an accident has happened; measures in cases of unconsciousness (breathing, pulse), respiratory arrest (unconscious, no breathing but pulse) and heart arrest (unconscious, no breathing and no pulse); cardiopulmonary resuscitation of children; choking; bleeding; shock; sudden illness (asthma, allergy, epilepsy, diabetes, heart diseases); other acute accidents (burns, chemical burns, eye injuries, poisoning, frostbite, skull injuries, back and neck injuries, fractures); how to move an injured person; psychological reactions; check list.
Arbetarskyddsnämnden, Box 3208, 103 64 Stockholm, Sweden, 4th ed., 1994. 48p+52p. Illus. Bibl.ref.

CIS 96-955 Richez J.P.
Caisse régionale d'assurance maladie Ile-de-France (CRAMIF)
Two men in a boat
Deux hommes dans un bachot [in French]
Fast rescue is essential for people who fall accidentally into a river. Victims are often injured and/or in shock because of sudden contact with cold water. As such, they are in danger of losing consciousness. In order to be able to save them, it is essential for potential rescue personnel to learn the techniques practised by professional diving personnel. In addition, rescue equipment must be kept up-to-date and in good condition.
Travail et sécurité, Dec. 1994, No.531, p.837-840. Illus.

CIS 96-73 About first aid
Training booklet on first aid: general procedures in emergencies; the recovery position; what to do when breathing stops; control of bleeding; what to do for choking; heart attacks; shock; burns; poisoning; fractures; other common injuries; first aid for children. Test for self assessment.
Scriptographic Publications Ltd., Channing House, Butts Road, Alton, Hants GU34 1ND, United Kingdom, 1994. 15p. Illus. Price: GBP 0.55-0.94 (depending on number of Scriptographic booklets ordered). ###

CIS 96-8 Mines Rescue Act 1994 [Australia - New South Wales]
Among the provisions of this Act (assented to on 10 May 1994, commenced on 8 July 1994) the following are of relevance to OSH (the only parts microfiched by CIS): establishment of a Mines Rescue Board of New South Wales for coal mines; establishment of a Mines Rescue Brigade for the State; role of the Board in the staffing and training of rescue personnel; notification of dangerous events in coal mines. Mines Rescue Act 1925 is repealed.
In: Australian Industrial Safety, Health and Welfare, CCH Australia Ltd., CNR Talavera & Khartoum Roads, Box 230, North Ryde, NSW 2113, Australia, Vol.2, 4p. (pages numbered 59,021 - 59,024).

CIS 95-1252 Gabriele D.
First-aid organization
Savoir secourir [in French]
This richly illustrated guide, which may be used for the training of first-aid attendants, consists of modules (case studies) with explanatory notes. Modules include: prevention (of further accidents) and alert; emergency movement of accident victims; assessment and monitoring; haemorrhages; unconsciousness; ventilatory arrest; cardiac arrest; shock and fainting; wounds and burns; bone or joint injuries.
Polytechnica S.A., 15, rue Lacépède, 75005 Paris, France, 1994. 96p. Illus. Price: FRF 85.00.

CIS 95-814 Decree No.94-347 of 2 May 1994 on the safety and health duties of clients in the construction of work premises [France]
Décret n°94-347 du 2 mai 1994 relatif aux dispositions concernant la sécurité et la santé que doivent observer les maîtres d'ouvrage lors de la construction des lieux de travail et modifiant le code du travail (2e partie: Décrets en Conseil d'Etat) [France] [in French]
This decree modifies specific provisions of the French Labour Code (see CIS 93-7) concerning clients' obligations in the design and construction of staircases (banisters) and in the prevention of fire and explosion hazards from the heating systems.
Journal officiel de la République française, 4 May 1994, p.6492-6493.

CIS 95-643 James P., St. Clair M.B.
Case report - Agrichemicals complicating emergency helicopter transport of a farm worker
An incident is described in which a farm worker suffered a truck accident and required helicopter transport to hospital while covered with agricultural chemicals. Once airborne, the stench of chemicals in the enclosed space of the helicopter posed a hazard to both crew and patient. The case highlights several aspects to be assessed in such situations including availability of protective clothing, options for patient decontamination prior to airlift and consideration of ground transportation as an alternative.
Journal of Agromedicine, 1994, Vol.1, No.2, p.21-27. 13 ref.

CIS 95-403 Decree No.94-346 of 2 May 1994 relating to provisions on fire prevention and on escape organization in workplaces and amending the Labour Code (2nd Part: Decrees in State Council) [France]
Décret n°94-346 du 2 mai 1994 relatif aux dispositions concernant la prévention des incendies et l'évacuation applicables aux lieux de travail et modifiant le code du travail (2e partie: Décrets en Conseil d'Etat) [France] [in French]
This decree amends certain provisions of the French Labour Code (see CIS 93-7) relating to the layout of workplaces and to safety measures incumbent on management for the prevention of fire hazards: steps covering, storage of flammable materials, extinguishers to be used where electrical risks are present.
Journal officiel de la République française, 4 May 1994, p.6492.

CIS 95-546 Proposals for competency based training of first aid at work instructors and assessors
This report presents the findings of a Health and Safety Executive Working Group established to define the standards of competence required of those who instruct and assess First Aid at Work courses. National generic standards for instructors and assessors are described and additional units of competence appropriate to the training of First Aid at Work instructors and assessors are identified. Details of these units are provided along with performance criteria and guidance on implementation of training programmes.
Health and Safety Executive, Room 609, Daniel House, Trinity Road, Bootle L20 7HE, Merseyside, United Kingdom, 1994. ii, 50p.

CIS 94-1939
Chemical Manufacturing National Interest Group
Emergency action for burns
This leaflet describes simple emergency measures which can lessen the impact of burns, with particular reference to workers in the chemical manufacturing industry. Flow charts are provided for the treatment of electrical, thermal and chemical burns.
HSE Books, PO Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 6FS, United Kingdom, Feb. 1994. 6p. Illus. 4 ref.

CIS 94-1610 Boreham C.A.G., Gamble R.P., Wallace W.F.M., Cran G.W., Stevens A.B.
The health status of an ambulance service
The health status of 93 male ambulance personnel in Belfast, United Kingdom was evaluated; risk factors for coronary heart disease were assessed. Blood pressure values were significantly higher than in a comparable study of the local general population; the incidence of self-reported smoking was also higher. The majority of body mass indices were above the acceptable range and serum cholesterol levels were raised in 52% of personnel. Overall, 83% of men over 40 and 49% of younger participants had two or more major coronary risk factors. Results suggest an urgent need for strategies to reduce overall risk.
Occupational Medicine, July 1994, Vol.44, No.3, p.137-140. 23 ref.


CIS 94-1561 Training of occupational first aid and rescue workers - Programme changes
Formation des sauveteurs-secouristes du travail - Modification du programme [in French]
Contents of the new training programme for occupational first aid and rescue workers in France: rescue work-first aid in the workplace; research of permanent risks with a view to protect workers; examination of victims and risk communication; administration of first-aid care; situations associated with specific risks; organization of training; control of behaviour.
Documents pour le médecin du travail, 3rd Quarter 1993, No.55, p.247-250.

CIS 94-961 Schröder B.
Twelve steps to the successful introduction of an information system on hazardous substances in a large company
Zwölf Schritte bis zur erfolgreichen Einführung eines Gefahrstoff-Informationssystems in einem Grossbetrieb [in German]
A German airline company created an information processing and retrieval system over a period of four years. It contains data on the hazards posed by 3,500 substances or products used by the company. It also provides information on exposure limits, physical properties, first aid, fire fighting and personal protection requirements. The information service can be accessed from all offices of the company around the world.
Die BG, Aug. 1993, No.8, p.474-478. Illus.

CIS 94-829
Hauptverband der gewerblichen Berufsgenossenschaften
Films and videotapes on occupational and traffic safety
Filme und Videos für die Arbeits- und Verkehrssicherheit [in German]
Annotated catalogue of approx. 110 titles (mostly available in both video and 16mm film format) concerned with occupational safety and health, first aid and traffic safety.
Landesfilmdienst Hessen, Kennedyallee 105 a, 60596 Frankfurt 70, Germany, 1993. 68p. Indexes.

CIS 94-757 Order of 17 May 1993 ... to occupational medical services in agriculture; Order of 15 June 1993 ... manual handling of loads; Decree of 19 Aug. 1993 ... Completing the Schedule of Occupational Diseases ... Rural Code [France]
Arrêté du 17 mai 1993 ... des services médicaux du travail en agriculture; arrêté du 15 juin 1993 ... manutention manuelle de charges; décret du 19 août 1993 ... complétant les tableaux des maladies professionnelles ...code rural [France] [in French]
This note presents a number of French legislative texts pertaining to safety and health in agriculture, including: Order of 17 May 1993 specifying the characteristics of occupational medical premises and equipment in agriculture; Order of 17 May 1993 outlining the type, length and conditions of the keeping of medical archives; Order of 15 June 1993 on the recommendations that occupational physicians must comply with when assessing risks and organizing workplaces involving the manual handling of loads; Decree of 19 Aug. 1993 updating the Schedule of Occupational Diseases in Agriculture.
Archives des maladies professionnelles, 1993, Vol.54, No.7, p.621-622; 629-636.

CIS 94-219 Falcy M., Blomet J.
First aid in case of eye splashes - Preliminary results of survey
Premiers soins en cas de projections oculaires - Premiers résultats d'enquête [in French]
Report on a questionnaire survey of 62 cases of first-aid administered after eye-splashing accidents and 11 cases of first aid after chemical splashes affecting the skin. The results are presented in tabular form. Preliminary conclusions: if water is administered immediately after a chemical splash accident, there are no harmful consequences; the essential aspect of first aid is immediate administration; the product Diphotérine R is equally effective against acids and bases; it is important to understand how Diphotérine R works: mixing it with water seems to have no beneficial effect. In annex: sample questionnaire.
Documents pour le médecin du travail, 1st Quarter 1993, No.53, p.33-41.

CIS 94-242
Health and Safety Commission
First aid at mines. Health and Safety (First-Aid) Regulations 1981. Approved Code of Practice [United Kingdom]
This Code of Practice gives practical guidance on the requirements of the Health and Safety (First-Aid) Regulations 1981 (see CIS 91-11) as they apply to mines. Contents: interpretation; duty of employer to make provision for first-aid and to inform his employees of the arrangements made in connection with first aid; duty of self-employed person to provide first-aid equipment; cases where these regulations do not apply; application to mines and application offshore.
HMSO Books, P.O. Box 276, London SW8 5DT, United Kingdom, 1993. iv, 11p. Price: GBP 4.00.


CIS 95-263 Management of occupational poisoning emergencies in industry: Cooperation between corporate medical services and the National Health Service
L'urgenza tossicologica professionale nell'industria: Cooperazione fra servizi sanitari aziendali e servizio sanitario nazionale [in Italian]
Proceedings of a conference on the in-plant management of occupational poisoning emergencies, held in Milan, Italy, 3 June 1991. Topics covered: roles of in-plant medical services, anti-poisoning centres and the Italian National Health Service (NHS) in the treatment of poisoning emergencies; particular case studies in Italy, the United Kingdom and France; initiatives of the Commission of European Communities in the area of emergency treatment of poisonings; future trends and proposals for cooperation between in-plant health services and the NHS.
Fondazione Carlo Erba, Via G. Puccini 3, 20121 Milano MI, Italy, 1992. 121p. Illus. Bibl.ref.

CIS 94-755 Council Directive 92/29/EEC of 31 March 1992 on the minimum safety and health requirements for improved medical treatment on board vessels [European Communities]
Directive du Conseil 92/29/CEE, du 31 mars 1992, concernant les prescriptions minimales de sécurité et de santé pour promouvoir une meilleure assistance médicale à bord des navires [Communautés européennes] [in French]
This directive describes the provisions that should apply to all commercial vessels flying the flag of a European Community member state and not operating on inland waterways. The directive deals with medical equipment and medicines that should be on board vessels. Main topics: classification of vessels, antidotes, allocation of responsibilities, information and training, medical consultation by radio, inspection, advisory committee for the EC Commission, provisions for the member states in respect of implementation. The checklist for medical equipment and medicine that is to be carried is amended.
Official Journal of the European Communities - Journal officiel des Communautés européennes, 30 Apr. 1992, Vol.35, No.L.113, p.19-36.

CIS 94-754 Decree of 12 June 1992 pertaining to the training of first-aid trainers (...); Order of 3 June 1992 concerning first-aid training; Order of 8 July 1992 (...) [France]
Décret du 12 juin 1992 (...) relatif à la formation de moniteur des premiers secours (...), arrêté du 3 juin 1992 (...), arrêté du 8 juillet 1992 relatif à la formation aux premiers secours (...) [France] [in French]
This Decree (also published in the French Journal officiel of 13 June 1992) (pp. 7774-7775) and the related Orders (published respectively in the JO of 13 June 1992, p.7777, and 17 July 1992, p.9585-9586, respectively) describe the training first-aid/rescue trainers have to follow in France in order to get qualified and certified, and define responsibilities for and organization of training and retraining. In annex: contents of a typical programme of training for first-aid/rescue trainers.
Documents pour le médecin du travail, 3rd Quarter 1992, No.51, p.423-426.

CIS 93-1478 First aid
This manual provides an explanation of first-aid techniques to be used in mines before medical help arrives. It covers: basic first-aid procedures; first-aid procedures for life-threatening conditions (mouth-to-mouth resuscitation, dealing with foreign objects in the throat of conscious and unconscious victims, cardiopulmonary resuscitation); control of bleeding; treatment for shock; bandages and dressings; treating of wounds, burns and scalds; musculoskeletal injuries; dislocations; transportation of the injured; environmental emergencies (hypothermia, frostbite, heat stroke, heat exhaustion, heat cramps); medical emergencies.
National Mine Health and Safety Academy, P.O. Box 1166, Beckley, WV 25802, USA, 1992. 60p. Illus. 6 ref. Index.

CIS 93-850 Cullen M.C.
Health and Safety Executive
First aid retention of knowledge survey
This report describes a survey of the retention of knowledge of first-aiders. Results suggest that first-aiders retain only a percentage of what is learned on first-aid courses and that few first-aiders update and refresh their memories by looking at the first-aid manual between refresher courses. More work needs to be done to identify the cause of low retention of learned material.
HMSO Books, P.O. Box 276, London SW8 5DT, United Kingdom, 1992. ii, 30p. 7 ref. Price: GBP 5.50.

CIS 93-841 Malleson S.M.
Impact of the new European legislation regarding vocational driving on London Transport Medical Service: The doctor's role
The outcome of the first 1000 medical examinations undertaken by London Transport Medical Service (LTMS) to comply with the regulations for non-passenger carrying public carriage vehicle licence holders (primarily bus and car mechanics and electricians) was analysed to assess where the primary role of the examining doctor affected the final outcome. It was found that the primary involvement of the doctor possibly altered the outcome in only two cases. In 49 cases, the medical practitioner had an interpretative role in the final assessment, or in the pursuit of further information, such as clarification of past history from other sources. In these cases, actual contact with the applicant did not affect the final outcome.
Occupational Medicine, Nov. 1992, Vol.42, No.4, p.200-202.

CIS 93-506 Your guide to first-aid facilities in factories
Guide to the setting up of first-aid facilities in Singapore factories, in accordance with provisions of the Factories Act (CIS 91-703). Summary: components of industrial first-aid facilities; first aiders (numbers required, selection, training, responsibilities); first-aid boxes and rooms; special requirements (provision for mass casualties, special instructions relating to rarely-used chemicals, protective clothing and equipment, clearing up after administration of first aid); record keeping of treatment. In appendices: recognised first-aid training centres in Singapore; recommended minimum contents of first-aid boxes; recommended facilities for first-aid rooms.
Department of Industrial Health, Ministry of Labour, 18 Havelock Road No.05-01, 0105 Singapore, Republic of Singapore, Mar. 1992. 20p. 4 ref.

CIS 93-430 Meister H., Metschützer D., Schindler G.
First aid
Erste Hilfe [in German]
Revised version of the 1989 issue of this publication abstracted under CIS 90-784. This illustrated booklet gives practical advice on the steps to be followed in providing first aid in case of traffic accidents, avalanches, electric shock, falling through the ice of a frozen river or lake, and other accidents. Examples illustrate the different phases of the procedures: removal from danger, taking off helmets of injured persons, unconsciousness, respiratory arrest, bleeding, injuries, burns, fractures, poisoning, etc. This booklet may be used for training purposes.
Allgemeine Unfallversicherungsanstalt, Abteilung für Unfallverhütung und Berufskrankheitenbekämpfung, Adalbert-Stifter-Strasse 65, 1200 Wien, Austria, 1992. 101p. Illus. Index.

CIS 92-2094 Parkinson R.
Offshore safety and effective psychological functioning - A case for safety cells
The effects of environmental conditions on an individual's ability to make effective decisions about safety and escape during a major disaster are discussed with reference to the 1988 Piper Alpha offshore platform disaster. The destruction of the normal command and control function is also discussed. The concept of the Safety Cell, a work group assuming command and control for its own safety and escape within the overall safety system of the platform, is outlined along with the need for appropriate survival training within each group. Such a system would provide a form of psychological protection to the individual in a situation of extreme stress.
Safety and Health Practitioner, Aug. 1992, Vol.10, No.8, p.22-25. Illus. 8 ref.


CIS 97-1768 Directive No.20 concerning requirements for first-aid kits at work [Mexico]
Instructivo Nº20 relativo a los requerimientos y características de los botiquines para primeros auxilios en los centros de trabajo [México] [in Spanish]
This Directive (entry into force Dec. 1991) specifies mainly the responsibilities of employers to prepare a first-aid manual for the workplace. Provisions cover the administration of first aid and requirements for first-aid kits. In annex: list of materials which should be in these kits and in what quantity. This Directive modifies Directive No.20 of 1980 on the same subject.
Secretaría del Trabajo y Previsión Social, 06720 Mexico, D.F., Mexico, 1991. 6p.

CIS 95-888
Centre national de Prévention et de Protection (CNPP)
L'évacuation [in French]
These videotapes are aimed at all workers in an enterprise, including those just hired. Tape 1 ("The evacuation", also available as a slide set) concentrates on the need to participate in evacuation exercises (definition and circumstances, hazards, obstacles, evacuation plans, exercises). Tape 2 ("The goofs") explores those aspects of human behaviour that might interfere with the proper execution of an evacuation. Short comedy routines are used to illustrate studies on individual or collective behaviour in the case of emergencies.
La Médiathèque du Risque, 5 rue Daunou, 75002 Paris, France, 1991. VHS videotapes (length: 11min + 9min). Price: FRF 3500.00 (plus tax). Can also be purchased separetely. ###

CIS 95-88 First-aid manual
Manual de primeros auxilios [in Spanish]
Manual on first aid and emergency treatment of the injured. Topics covered: basic concepts; external haemorrhages; bandages; wounds; burns; shock; frostbite; foreign bodies; respiratory and cardiac arrest; poisoning; fractures; transport of the injured. Simple and clear illustrations help to understand the different subjects.
Asociación Chilena de Seguridad, Casilla 14565 - Correo Central, Santiago, Chile, 1991. i, 121p. Illus.

CIS 94-139 Upfal M.J.
Pocket guide to first aid for chemical injuries: What to do in a chemical exposure incident
This pocket guide is aimed at workers who work with potentially dangerous chemicals. Contents: different hazards of chemicals; physical and chemical forms of hazardous materials; proper first aid preparation; assessment of the situation subsequent to a chemical exposure incident; detailed instructions to common first-aid procedures; evacuation and rescue; resuscitation; decontamination; decontamination of the digestive tract; specific treatment of chemical injury; medical treatment; treatment of associated injuries. In annex: glossary of medical terms.
Genium Publishing Corporation, One Genium Plaza, Schenectady, NY 12304-4690, USA, 1991. 76p. Illus.

CIS 93-1483 Coal mine maps
Training manual on the preparation, interpretation and use of mine maps, particularly for coal mines. Glossary of terms.
National Mine Health and Safety Academy, P.O. Box 1166, Beckley, WV 25802, USA, 1991. 22p. Illus. 3 ref.

CIS 93-1131 Jung H.S.
Operation of sick rooms and safety inspection
Kŏngangkwanlisil Unyeongmich Jakupjangsoonhoe [in Korean]
Training material for a basic course on industrial hygiene management. Contents: operation of sick rooms; safety inspections; practical use of resources; health examinations.
Korean Industrial Safety Corporation (KISCO), Kukje Bld. 9F.191, 2-ka Hangang-ro, Yongsan-ku, Seoul, Republic of Korea, 1991. 36p. 13 ref.

CIS 92-1919 First aid card
This brief step-by-step guide provides advice on the immediate health care required when a person is injured or suddenly becomes ill. It includes action to take when a person is not breathing, when a person is choking, bleeding heavily, is in shock or swallows a poison.
Industrial Accident Prevention Association, 250 Yonge Street, 28th Floor, Toronto, Ontario, Canada M5B 2N4, Canada, 1991. 6p. Price: CAD 0.95 (CAD 0.75 IAPA members).

CIS 92-730 Law No.91-39 of 8 June 1991 concerning the control and prevention of disasters and the organisation of disaster relief [Tunisia]
Loi n°91-39 du 8 juin 1991 relative à la lutte contre les calamités, à leur prévention et à l'organisation des secours [Tunisie] [in French]
Major hazards are defined in this law as fires, floods, earthquakes, and other natural disasters whose severity is such that normally available regional or national means are not sufficient to control the situation.
Journal officiel de la République tunisienne, 14 June 1991, Vol.134, No.43, p.1144-1145.

CIS 92-802 An ounce of prevention
Audiovisual presentation on the prevention of injuries and other medical emergencies at work, particularly in outdoor occupations. Subjects covered: drowning, sunburn, anaphylactic shock, heat exhaustion, animal bites, contact with poisonous plants, heatstroke, snake bites, insect bites and stings, frostbite. Employee's Guide available.
Tel-A-Train Inc., 309 N. Market Street, P.O. Box 4752, Chattanooga, TN 37405, USA, 1991. Videotape (VHS, Beta, U-Matic; NTSC, PAL). Length: 14min.

CIS 92-794 Recognizing sudden illness
Audiovisual presentation on the identification of medical emergencies in the workplace and on appropriate measures to take. Emergencies covered include: appendicitis, heart attack, diabetic emergencies, stroke, high fever, dizziness, fainting, convulsions. Employee's guide available.
Tel-A-Train Inc., 309 N. Market Street, P.O. Box 4752, Chattanooga, TN 37405, USA, 1991. Videotape (VHS, Beta, U-Matic; NTSC, PAL). Length: 14min.

CIS 92-793 Emergency priorities
Audiovisual presentation on what to do when there is a major medical emergency (multiple injuries, several victims, shock, electric shock, poisoning) in the workplace. Major recommendations: using good judgment, remaining calm. Employee's Guide available.
Tel-A-Train Inc., 309 N. Market Street, P.O. Box 4752, Chattanooga, TN 37405, USA, 1991. Videotape (VHS, Beta, U-Matic; NTSC, PAL). Length: 15min.

CIS 92-1030 Vincent-Ballereau F., Lafaix C.
Prevention of blood transmitted infections in health care personnel: How to choose the containers for the disposal of sampling materials
Prévention des infections transmises par le sang chez les personnels de santé: comment choisir les conteneurs destinés à recueillir le matériel de prélèvement ou d'injection? [in French]
The study of different types of containers usable for the disposal of sampling and injection instruments has led to the establishment of 10 quality criteria. Those are described in detail in order to provide guidance to the user.
Travail et sécurité, Feb. 1991, No.2, p.146-151. Illus. 9 ref.

CIS 92-1044 Neale A.V.
Work stress in emergency medical technicians
Emergency medical technicians (EMTs) participated in a union-sponsored study to better understand the dynamics underlying their high turnover rate. Three questionnaires were used: the Occupational Stress Index, which assesses stress, strain, and coping; the Staff Burnout Scale for Health Professionals; and a job satisfaction survey. The sample had high stress, strain, and burnout scores. Coping skills were within the normal range. Burnout, stress, strain, and coping were significantly related to job satisfaction, worry about infectious diseases, and perceptions of poor treatment by emergency room personnel and fire fighters. The areas of greatest job dissatisfaction were: low pay; lack of comfortable quarters; inadequacy of equipment; administrators' unfamiliarity with the work-related demand and stressors faced by EMTs; the risk of developing health problems.
Journal of Occupational Medicine, Sep. 1991, Vol.33, No.9, p.991-997. 15 ref.

CIS 92-263 Pretto E.A., Safar P.
National medical response to mass disasters in the United States
Preparing for a resuscitation response to mass disasters requires revision of present local, regional and national disaster plans in the USA. These should include: life-supporting first aid and basic rescue capability of the lay public; advanced trauma life support and rescue capability brought quickly to the scene from local and regional emergency medical service systems; trauma hospitals sending medical resuscitation teams to, and receiving casualties from, the disaster scene. It is proposed that the National Disaster Medical System replace its civil defence model with an emergency medical services model designed to mobilise rapid support for local emergency services systems from regional, state and national resources.
Journal of the American Medical Association, 4 Sep. 1991, Vol.266, No.9, p.1259-1262, p.1266. 46 ref.

CIS 91-2070 Organisation of first aid in the workplace
Tanthiimu l-is(aafaati l-awaliyya fii amaakini l-(amal [in Arabic]
Report based on ILO Occupational Safety and Health Series Publication No.63, oriented toward the organisation of first aid in workplaces in the Arab States. Contents: first aid and its organisation; main tasks in first aid; responsibilities and participation; how to organise first aid; teaching the elements of first aid; relationship with other health-related services.
Arab Labour Office, Arab Institute for Occupational Health and Safety, P.O. Box 5770, Damascus, Syria, 1991. 30p.

CIS 91-778 Kikushima F.
First aid in the workplace
Primeros auxilios en los lugares de trabajo [in Spanish]
Illustrated training booklet on first aid, aimed at workers in the mining industry. Relevant passages from Peruvian mining safety legislation are quoted. Contents: contents of the first-aid kit; what to do when there is an accident; most common types of injury in the workplace; first aid action after superficial and serious injuries; head injuries; internal bleeding; burns; foreign bodies; fractures; contusions; poisoning; shock; cardiac and respiratory arrest; role of workers' organisations in first aid organisation; self-evaluation test.
Federación Nacional de Trabajadores Mineros, Metalúrgicos y Siderúrgicos del Perú, Plaza 2 de Mayo No.44, Lima, Peru, 1991. 54p. Illus.

CIS 91-1050 Fitzgerald B.P., Green M.D., Penington J., Smith A.J.
A human factors approach to the effective design of evacuation systems
Various design factors of evacuation systems with particular reference to fires on board aircraft and offshore installations are discussed. Human factors such as the potential for panic, confusion, ignorance and disorientation and the implications for evacuation system design are considered. Proposals made by various authors to produce models of human behaviour under extreme threat stress factors which may affect muster times following an alarm signal. The main consequences of the Piper Alpha offshore platform incident are summarised. Proposed hardware solutions and human behaviour and ergonomic issues of the evacuation procedure are discussed.
Loss Prevention Bulletin, Feb. 1991, No.097, p.13-22. 16 ref.


CIS 93-706
Hauptverband der gewerblichen Berufsgenossenschaften
First aid - Enforcement rules of regulation VBG 109 [Germany]
Erste Hilfe - Durchführungsanweisungen zur VBG 109 [in German]
Revised version of the enforcement rules of the safety regulation applying to first aid. For the regulation which came into force in 1979 and which is still valid, see CIS 79-1767.
Carl Heymanns Verlag KG, Luxemburger Strasse 449, D-W-5000 Köln 41, Germany, Apr. 1990. 8p.

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