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First aid and emergency organization - 326 entries found

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CIS 02-1319 Borak J., Diller W.F.
Phosgene exposure: Mechanisms of injury and treatment strategies
The study summarizes recent findings on the mechanisms of phosgene-induced pulmonary oedema and provides an approach to the treatment of phosgene exposure victims.
Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Feb. 2001, Vol.43, No.2, p.110-119. Illus. 82 ref.

CIS 02-415 Pietschmann H.
Is ambulance-driving life-threatening?
Ist Rettungswagenfahren lebensgefährlich? [in German]
A study in Germany has found that ambulances have a four-fold risk of being involved in a traffic accident causing injuries and an eight-fold risk of accidents with severe injuries during the time they benefit from traffic priority in an emergency. An outline of the possibilities of designing ambulances to avoid injuries is provided. Equipping the ambulances according to the standard DIN EN 1789 greatly enhances the safety of patients and personnel in ambulances. In particular, the standard requires that all movable or portable equipment such as respirators, defibrillators and chests be secured. The difficulties of converting standard vans into ambulances are discussed.
Brandschutz, Jan. 2001, Vol.55, No.1, p.48-51. Illus.

CIS 02-88 Awan S.A
Basic emergency first aid and resuscitation
Ibtidāī tibbī imdād aur masnūī tanaffus [in Urdu]
This booklet is aimed at workers, supervisors and emergency teams at workplaces. It describes the different stages of first aid and resuscitation in case of accidents or other emergencies at the workplace. In particular, the sequences of cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) are described in detail.
Centre for Improvement of Working Conditions and Environment, Township, Lahore, Pakistan, 2001. 39p. Illus.

CIS 01-1728
Health and Safety Commission
Guidance and information on escape from mines
Aimed primarily at mine managers and mine owners, this booklet contains guidance on escape from mines in an emergency. It explains how to develop emergency plans. Contents include: legislation in the United Kingdom, in particular the Escape and Rescue from Mines Regulations 1995 (see CIS 96-711) and the Mines (Safety of Exit) Regulations (see CIS 89-1234); emergency planning; arrangements for escape; self-rescuers and safe havens. Appendices include: examples of emergency planning forms; mine escape practices in Germany, France, the United States and South Africa; descriptions of escape incidents; results of tests of self-rescuers; effective arrangements for rescue; other relevant legislation.
HSE Books, P.O.Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 2WA, United Kingdom, 2001. iv, 48p. lllus. 6 ref. Price: GBP 9.00.

CIS 01-1196 First aid: What to do in cases of burns
Primeros auxilios: Actuación frente a las quemaduras [in Spanish]
Burns are among the injuries whose severity may be attenuated if first aid is dispensed appropriately. This information sheet defines various types of burns and formulates general rules (what should and should not be done) when faced with burn injuries, as well as specific rules for burns from fires, electrical burns, chemical burns, burns from incandescent solids and burns from boiling or burning liquids.
Prevención, trabajo y salud, 2001, No.12, p.59. Illus.

CIS 01-1082 First aid: What to do in case of eye injury
Primeros auxilios: Actuación frente a las lesiones oculares [in Spanish]
This information sheet offers guidance on first aid in case of eye injury. It distinguishes two main types of these conditions: lesions due to foreign bodies, injuries or burns; eye contusions. The symptoms of each type of lesion as well as the corresponding first-aid measures are described.
Prevención, trabajo y salud, 2001, No.11, p.54. Illus.


CIS 02-1265 Moliné Marco J.L., Solé Gómez M.D.
First aid: Bruises and wounds
Primeros auxilios: contusiones y heridas [in Spanish]
This information note covers first aid to be administered in cases of bruises or wounds of various levels of severity. It describes symptoms, possible complications, actions to be carried out and those that should be avoided.
Instituto Nacional de Seguridad e Higiene en el Trabajo, Ediciones y Publicaciones, c/Torrelaguna 73, 28027 Madrid, Spain, 2000. 4p. Illus. 4 ref.

CIS 02-1296
Health and Safety Commission
Health care and first aid on offshore installations and pipeline works - Approved Code of Practice and guidance
The Offshore Installations and Pipeline Works (First-Aid) Regulations 1989 require employers to ensure adequate first-aid and basic health-care provision for all their personnel. This guidance document takes into account the amendments to the regulations in 1993, 1995 and 1999, and includes a revised Code of Practice. It replaces the guidance of 1990 (see CIS 91-12). Contents: comments on the regulations and Code of Practice with emphasis on the responsibilities of the person in control, followed by guidance on the following topics: assessment of first aid and basic health care needs; roles and responsibilities of offshore medical practitioners; roles and responsibilities of offshore first-aid personnel; training objectives for offshore medical practitioners; competencies for offshore first-aid personnel; criteria for the approval of training providers.
HSE Books, P.O.Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 2WA, United Kingdom, 2nd ed., 2000. vi, 30p. 20 ref. Price: GBP 6.00.

CIS 01-1710 Moliné Marco J.L., Solé Gómez M.D.
First aid: fractures, dislocations and sprains
Primeros auxilios: fracturas, luxaciones y esguinces [in Spanish]
This information note describes the signs and symptoms of fractures, dislocations and sprains and corresponding appropriate first aid. Contents: description of the osteo-muscular system; osteoarticular lesions (open or closed fractures); skull fractures; spinal column lesions; dislocations and sprains.
Instituto Nacional de Seguridad e Higiene en el Trabajo, Ediciones y Publicaciones, c/Torrelaguna 73, 28027 Madrid, Spain, 2000. 5p. Illus. 4 ref.

CIS 01-206 Lavrik V.G., Nogih S.R., Pašorin R.N.
Construction and use of a group rescue chamber in the Zyrjanovskaja Mine of Kuznetskugol AO UK
Stroitel'stvo i ėkspluatacija kamery gruppovogo spasenija na šahte "Zyrjanovskaja" AO UK "Kuzneckugol'" [in Russian]
A rescue cabin is described which should protect up to 25 miners working underground in tunnels too long for the capacity of personal safety equipment. It is serviced by fresh compressed air and has communications and first-aid facilities. It was first installed in a coal mine of Kuznetskugol in Russia. It is planned that other mines of this company be equipped with similar cabins. Positive pressure protects the miners against gas and dust.
Bezopasnost' truda v promyšlennosti, Mar. 2000, No.3, p.39-41. Illus.

CIS 00-554 Juntunen J.
Contagious diseases in the working environment - Part 5/5
This videotape is part of a series of five films on contagious diseases (HIV, hepatitis C and B, tuberculosis, etc.) in the working environment (see also CIS 00-550, CIS 00-551, CIS 00-552 and CIS 00-553). This film focuses on infection risk situations which could be experienced by firemen, ambulance drivers, educational workers and childminders, and which could give rise to the possibility of their becoming carriers of a contagious disease through contact with body fluids.
EURO TV-News/Educational films, PL 1243, 96101 Rovaniemi, Finland, 2000. Videotape (VHS) (length: approx. 30min).


CIS 08-856 The organization of first aid in the workplace
This booklet explains how first aid should be organized and provides information on the duties and training of first aid personnel, and the equipment and supplies needed. Appendices include examples of first aid legislation in New Zealand, the United Kingdom and Germany, a list of recommended rescue equipment, the legal requirements of first aid boxes in several countries (Belgium, India, New Zealand, United Kingdom) and useful examples of antidotes. Replaces CIS 90-1671.
ILO Publications, International Labour Office, 1211 Genève 22, Switzerland, 1999. viii, 54 p. Illus. Price: CHF 15.00.

CIS 01-1371 Rescalvo Santiago F.
Manual of first aid
Manual de primeros auxilios [in Spanish]
Following an introduction summarizing the basic actions of first-aid personnel, this manual goes on to describe the contents of a first-aid kit and explains the procedures to be followed when faced with the following emergency situations: shock; reanimation (freeing the respiratory tract, mouth-to-mouth resuscitation, cardiac massaging); haemorrhages; fractures; burns; electrocution; poisoning; eye lesions; sunstroke; epileptic seizures; injuries.
IBERMUTUAMUR, Ramírez de Arellano 27, 28403 Madrid, Spain, 1999. 45p. Illus. 2 ref.

CIS 01-789 Moliné Marco J.L., Solé Gómez M.D.
First aid: Burns
Primeros auxilios: quemaduras [in Spanish]
In the event of burns, rapid and appropriate action enables the reduction of cicatrization time and the avoiding of possible after-effects, and in some cases may even save the life of the victim. This information note contains guidance on first aid in cases of burns. Contents include: classification of burns according to their depth (degrees); assessment of the severity of a burn as a function of its extent and depth; what to do in cases of burns and what should not be done under any circumstances; appropriate action for various types of burns (burns from fires, chemical burns, electrical burns).
Instituto Nacional de Seguridad e Higiene en el Trabajo, Ediciones y Publicaciones, c/Torrelaguna 73, 28027 Madrid, Spain, 1999. 4p. Illus. 3 ref.

CIS 01-203 Ködel W.
Escape and rescue routes
Flucht- und Rettungswege [in German]
Because inspections in the German state of North Rhine-Westphalia have shown that many escape routes in companies do not fulfil safety requirements, an improvement campaign was started. Managers and employees of companies were motivated to check the safety of their escape routes. A check list was made available to the companies for this purpose. With it the width, height, length, illumination and design of exit doors of escape routes can be checked by a staff member of the company for compliance with the rules. Random inspections are planned to see whether the effort has improved the conditions of escape routes.
Sicherheitsingenieur, Jan. 1999, Vol.30, No.1, p.22-24. Illus.

CIS 00-1427 Preventing injuries and deaths of fire fighters due to structural collapse
This booklet describes the steps that fire departments need to take in order to minimize the risk of injury and death to fire fighters when fighting fires involving large building structures. It includes current U.S. regulations with respect to respirators, the positioning of properly trained fire fighters outside the immediately dangerous zone, the constant accounting for the interior team by the commander, and the readiness to provide rapid rescue for the interior team. Several cases of fire fighter fatalities caused by structural collapse are described, along with the lessons to be drawn from these occurrences.
Publications Dissemination, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH), 4676 Columbia Parkway, Cincinnati, OH 45226, USA, 1999. 11p. Illus. 7 ref.

CIS 00-1222 Royal Decree 258/1999, of 12 February, defining the minimum prescriptions to be followed in the area of health protection and medical assistance in favour of sailors [Spain]
Real Decreto 258/1999, de 12 de febrero, por el que se establecen condiciones mínimas sobre la protección de la salud y la asistencia médica de los trabajadores del mar [España] [in Spanish]
This Decree transposes into national legislation the provisions of the Council Directive 92/29/EEC of 31 March 1992, aimed at promoting better medical assistance on board vessels (CIS 94-755).
Boletín Oficial del Estado, 24 Feb. 1999, No.47, p.7614-7680. Illus. [in Spanish]

CIS 00-203 Antekeuer B., Lottner K., Maldener H.W., Röder N.
Physical stress due to respirators
Belastung durch Atemschutzgeräte [in German]
Exercises performed by four mine rescue workers wearing regenerative chemical oxygen respirators showed that pulse rates remained distinctly lower, compared to those recorded in exercises with heavier compressed air respirators. The exercises were conducted on a 25% slope tread mill and an endless ladder. The mine rescue workers had to climb the equivalent of 90m in height on the treadmill and 60m on the extension ladder. The experiments were conducted under normal conditions without insulating clothing. Results confirmed the subjective assessment of the two types of respirators by the mine rescue workers. The regenerative chemical oxygen equipment is recommended for long rescue operations.
Brandschutz, Sep. 1999, Vol.53, No.9, p.794-805. Illus. 12 ref.

CIS 00-180 Sanz-Gallén P., Garrido P., Nogué S.
Indispensable kit of antidotes in the work environment
Botiquín de antídotos en el ámbito laboral [in Spanish]
Topics: antidote treatment; hydroxocobalamine; calcium gluconate; dim1ercaptosuccinic acid; dicobalt edetate; vitamin C; atropine; penicillamine; BAL; EDTA; sodium thiosulfate; chelating agents; first aid; poisoning.
Prevención, Apr.-June 1999, No.148, p.45-52. Illus. 9 ref.

CIS 99-1804
Health and Safety Executive
Basic advice on first aid at work
Replaces CIS 97-1138 Topics: data sheet; emergency treatment; first aid; safety guides; training material.
HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 6FS, United Kingdom, Apr. 1999. 6p. Illus.


CIS 01-291 Bals T., Runggaldier K., Sabrowski R., Kröning H., Sören B., Sven G.
Attraction of the profession of emergency medical worker
Attraktivität des Berufes Rettungsassistent/Rettungsassistentin [in German]
Questionnaires were mailed to 303 young people aspiring to train to become of emergency medical workers, 837 persons currently in training and 1525 trained emergency medical workers. The survey was conducted in order to determine job attractiveness and satisfaction. The trainees liked the variety and independence of the job and the possibility to help others. Most (80%) of the 837 persons who were in training said they would choose the same profession again. They were in general satisfied with the training they received but recommended improvements and changes. Those working as emergency medical workers were satisfied with their job. All 3 groups criticized the lack of opportunities in the job and the lack of recognition by the public. It became apparent that the high physical and mental workloads need to be reduced.
Wirtschaftsverlag NW, Postfach 10 11 10, 27511 Bremerhaven, Germany, Oct. 1998. 120p. Illus. 150 ref.

CIS 00-1656 Baud J.P., Boulat J.F., Bonnin C., Canonne J.F., Lauzier F., Le Bâcle C., Matha F., Peguin G.
Organization of emergency care on friable asbestos confined or removal worksites
Organisation des secours d'urgence dans un chantier de confinement ou de retrait d'amiante friable [in French]
Topics: asbestos; confined spaces; construction sites; emergency organization; emergency treatment; first aid; first-aid and rescue organization; France; personal protective equipment; rescue training.
Documents pour le médecin du travail, 2nd Quarter 1998, No.74, p.107-124. Illus. 12 ref.

CIS 00-1730 Planning the medical response to radiological accidents
This booklet provides guidance aimed at health authorities for planning the medical response to accidents occurring with a radiation source, for example from reactors, industrial sources and medical facilities. Contents include: list of reported accidents having occurred in the last 50 years; list of WHO Collaborating Centres from which authorities can obtain assistance for specialized treatment; plan of a casualty reception area showing how the treatment of accidentally-exposed individuals might be organized; list of relevant IAEA and WHO publications.
International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), Wagramer Strasse 5, P.O. Box 100, 1400 Wien, Austria, 1998. vi, 31p. 22 ref.

CIS 00-1111 BGZ symposium "Emergency guiding systems"
BGZ-Fachkolloqulum "Sicherheiteleitsysteme" [in German]
Emergency guiding systems consist of signs which mark escape routes. A symposium addressing emergency guiding systems focused on the following subjects: visibility of the signs marking escape routes in case lighting fails or smoke develops; methods of marking escape routes such as using signs along the walls or floors of corridors, illuminated or luminous signs; symbols used to mark escape routes; the recent fire at Dusseldorf Airport; new methods to mark escape routes such as the use of illuminated signs which continue to glow when electricity fails; involvement of the local fire brigade in the planning of escape routes. Summary in English, French and Spanish.
Hauptverband der gewerblichen Berufsgenossenschaften, Alte Heerstrasse 111, 53754 Sankt Augustin, Germany, Dec. 1998. 66p. Illus.

CIS 99-1644
Health and Safety Executive
Emergency way guidance lighting systems - Phase 1
Topics: emergency exits; escape and exit; escape routes; escape time; glossary; human factors; offshore oil extraction; optical signalling; penetration into smoke; safety lighting; smoke; visibility assessment; visibility.
HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 6FS, United Kingdom, 1998. viii, 95p. Illus. 66 ref. Price: GBP 55.00.

CIS 99-1746 Montoliu Sanclement M.A., López álvarez G., González Díez V., Rodríguez Fernández B.
Physical and psychological criteria for the selection of rescue brigades
Criterios fisio-psicológicos para la selección de brigadas de salvamento [in Spanish]
Each coalfield in the region of Asturias, Spain, has its own rescue brigade. These brigades are expected to provide prompt and efficient aid in case of mining loss, both for rescue of miners injured by unbreathable atmospheres, landslides or floods, and for restoration of goods and facilities for work to continue with the minimum of alteration. Mine rescue work requires a coordinated system of action and technology in a hostile and dangerous environment. It must therefore be performed by professionals who assume responsibilities and risks in close coordination within the brigade. For an effective process of selection of rescue brigade members, particularly concerning the physical-psychological evaluation, a standard profile is required as reference framework for collating results. Topics: character; coal mining; intelligence; mine rescue; mining industry; physical fitness; psychological tests; respiratory function tests; Spain; vocational selection; work aptitude.
Mapfre seguridad, 4th Quarter 1998, Vol.18, No.72, p.23-33. Illus. 14 ref.

CIS 99-1012 Abecassis J.C., Abiteboul D., Bonnin C., Bouyaux L., Carduner G., Chazal J.P., Forestié-Auter A.F., Garcia E., Hibou C., Lanusse M., Leprince A., Velly P., Vogel B., Vuillerminaz C.
Hygiene and first aid - 2. Recommended health measures for occupational first aid and rescue workers
Hygiène et secourisme - 2. Recommandations d'hygiène pour les sauveteurs secouristes du travail [in French]
Topics: biological hazards; disinfectants; emergency services; face and eye protection; first aid; first-aid equipment; first-aid training; immunodeficiency syndrome; infectious hepatitis; javel water; personal hygiene; protective gloves; resuscitation training.
Documents pour le médecin du travail, 1st Quarter 1998, No.73, p.13-19. 2 ref.

CIS 99-1011 Forestié-Auter A.F., Paollilo A.G.
Hygiene and first aid - 1. Risk of transmission of infectious diseases from blood or saliva during first-aid operations and training on a mannikin
Hygiène et secourisme - 1. Risques de transmission de maladies infectieuses par voie sanguine et salivaire lors des interventions de secourisme et de l'apprentissage sur mannequin [in French]
Topics: biological hazards; blood; emergency services; expired-air resuscitation; first aid; first-aid equipment; first-aid organization; first-aid training; France; hepatitis; immunodeficiency syndrome; infection control; infectious diseases; infectious hepatitis; information of personnel; personal protective equipment; resuscitation training; saliva; vaccination.
Documents pour le médecin du travail, 1st Quarter 1998, No.73, p.7-12. 28 ref.

CIS 99-715 First aid regulation [Canada - Manitoba]
Règlement sur les premiers soins [Canada - Manitoba] [in French]
This Regulation was issued under the Workplace Safety and Health Act of 11 June 1976 (CIS 87-1130). Topics: Canada; first aid; first-aid equipment; first-aid organization; first-aid services; law; Manitoba; responsibilities of employers.
Manitoba Gazette - Gazette du Manitoba, 29 Aug. 1998, Vol.127, No.33, p.1083-1095.

CIS 99-264 Hermühlheim W., Bresser G.
Improvement of protection against fires and explosions and of the mine rescue system in anthracite mining in newly industrializing countries
Verbesserung des Brand- und Explosionsschutzes und des Grubenrettungswesens im Steinkohlenbergbau industrieller Schwellenländer [in German]
Topics: anthracite mining; coal mining; explosion prevention; explosion protection; fire prevention; fire protection; mine rescue; newly industrialized countries; underground mining.
Bergbau, Feb. 1998, Vol.49, No.2, p.69-75. Illus.


CIS 07-1142 Henry J.A., Wiseman H.M.
International Programme on Chemical Safety (IPCS)
Management of poisoning - A handbook for healthcare workers
This handbook provides information for persons living in rural places, far from medical help, on what to do in cases of poisoning and suggests ways of preventing poisoning in the community. The handbook is for use as a practical reference book in an emergency and may also be used in teaching practical skills to community health and first-aid workers. Part 1 provides general information on how poisoning happens, how it can be prevented and first aid measures. Part 2 covers the signs and symptoms of poisoning by specific pesticides, chemical products used in the home and workplace, medicines, plants and natural toxins together with appropriate treatment.
World Health Organization, Distribution and Sales Service, 1211 Genève 27, Switzerland, 1997. xiv, 314p. Illus. Index. Price: CHF 102.00 (CHF 71.40 in developing countries). [in English]

CIS 01-116 Solé Gómez M.D., Moliné Marco J.L.
In-plant first aid: Organization
Primeros auxilios en la empresa: organización [in Spanish]
Topics: data sheet; first-aid attendants; first-aid equipment; first-aid organization; first-aid training; Spain.
Instituto Nacional de Seguridad e Higiene en el Trabajo, Ediciones y Publicaciones, c/Torrelaguna 73, 28027 Madrid, Spain, 1997. 4p. Illus. 6 ref.

CIS 00-1117 Pérez Guerrero A.
Estimating escape routes and escape times
Cálculo estimativo de vías y tiempos de evacuación [in Spanish]
Topics: data sheet; emergency exits; escape organization; escape routes; escape time; premises and workplaces; Spain.
Instituto Nacional de Seguridad e Higiene en el Trabajo, Ediciones y Publicaciones, c/Torrelaguna 73, 28027 Madrid, Spain, 1997. 6p. Illus. 5 ref.

CIS 00-132 Moliné Marco J.L., Solé Gomez M.D.
First aid: Haemorrhage and shock
Primeros auxilios: hemorragias y shock [in Spanish]
Topics: cardiovascular disorders; circulating blood volume; data sheet; first aid; first-aid training; haemorrhage; physiology of cardiovascular system; shock following injury; Spain.
Instituto Nacional de Seguridad e Higiene en el Trabajo, Ediciones y Publicaciones, c/Torrelaguna 73, 28027 Madrid, Spain, 1997. 4p. Illus.

CIS 00-131 Moliné Marco J.L., Solé Gomez M.D.
Airway obstruction: First aid
Obstrucción de las vías respiratorias: primeros auxilios [in Spanish]
Topics: children; data sheet; expectant mothers; first aid; first-aid training; foreign bodies; obesity; obstructive ventilatory impairment; physiology of respiratory system; Spain.
Instituto Nacional de Seguridad e Higiene en el Trabajo, Ediciones y Publicaciones, c/Torrelaguna 73, 28027 Madrid, Spain, 1997. 4p. Illus. 3 ref.

CIS 98-643
Chemical and Hazardous Installations Division
Emergency action for burns
Topics: burns; chemical burns; chemical industry; data sheet; electric burns; first aid; thermal burns; United Kingdom.
HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 6FS, United Kingdom, Oct. 1997. 6p. 3 ref.

CIS 98-1019 Tuomisaari M.
Visibility of exit signs and low-location lighting in smoky conditions
Topics: escape routes; luminance measurement; safety lighting; smoke; visibility assessment.
Technical Research Centre of Finland, VTT Information Service, P.O. Box 2000, 02044 VTT, Finland, 1997. 32p. Illus. 12 ref. [in English]

CIS 97-2042 Furber S., et al.
Injuries to ambulance officers caused by patient handling tasks
Analysis of workers' compensation data showed that during a two-year period the incidence rate for patient handling injuries to ambulance officers was 10.6% per year. Injury rates were highest in the 55 to 64 year age group and higher in females than in males. Over half of the injuries were associated with lifting patients, and 41% of injuries occurred when a mechanical aid was being used, most commonly a stretcher. The majority of injuries were to the back. The design of current lifting aids should be investigated and training courses on patient handling should be evaluated.
Journal of Occupational Health and Safety - Australia and New Zealand, June 1997, Vol.13, No.3, p.259-265. 16 ref.

CIS 97-1649 Elliot R.
Health and Safety Executive
Cyanide poisoning: New recommendations on first aid treatment
This data sheet describes hazards associated with the use of three antidotes in the treatment of cyanide poisoning: 'solutions A and B' (ferrous sulphate dissolved in aqueous citric acid, and aqueous sodium carbonate) given orally, amyl nitrate by inhalation, and intravenous dicobalt edetate (Kelocyanor). The Health and Safety Executive concludes that it will no longer recommend the use of any antidote in the first aid treatment of cyanide poisoning and will not require employers to keep supplies. An overall procedure for first aid treatment is outlined along with the administration of oxygen and artificial respiration.
HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 6FS, United Kingdom, May 1997. 2p. 1 ref.

CIS 97-1139
Health and Safety Executive
First-aid training and qualifications for the purposes of the Health and Safety (First-Aid) Regulations 1981 - Guidance for training organizations
This booklet provides guidance to first-aid training organizations on the criteria they are required to meet to obtain approval for the purposes of the Health and Safety (First-Aid) Regulations 1981. Contents: legal background; the approvals process; arrangements to transfer to competency-based training; appeals procedure; approval; standards of training and assessment; training facilities; monitoring and quality assurance; investigating complaints.
HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 6FS, United Kingdom, 1997. iii, 15p. 3 ref. Price: GBP 8.50.

CIS 97-1297 Ebbon G.P., et al.
Petroleum products - First aid emergency and medical advice
Part 1 of this report provides first aid and emergency information on motoring-related and petroleum products typically sold by petroleum companies on garage forecourts, including antifreeze, bitumen, brake fluid, diesel fuel, fuel oils, gasoline, and others. Information is also included on emergency treatment for burns, aspiration, and the high pressure injection of liquids under the skin. Part 2 provides supporting information including the effects of composition and additives on the toxicity of petroleum products.
CONCAWE, Madouplein 1, 1210 Bruxelles, Belgium, Mar. 1997. iv, 76p. Illus. Bibl.ref. Index.

CIS 97-1189
Health and Safety Commission (HSC)
First aid at work. The Health and Safety (First Aid) Regulations 1981. Approved code of practice and guidance
This code of practice gives the text of and guidance on the Health and Safety (First-Aid) Regulations 1981 (see CIS 91-11). Contents: interpretation of the Regulations and definition of first-aid; duty of employer to make provision for first-aid (assessment of first-aid needs, first-aid materials, equipment and facilities, selection and training of first-aid personnel); informing employees of first-aid arrangements; duties of the self-employed. In appendices: assessment checklist and list of first-aid competencies.
HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 6FS, United Kingdom, 1997. iv, 22p. 7 ref. Price: GBP 6.75.

CIS 97-1138
Health and Safety Executive (HSE)
Basic advice on first aid at work
This leaflet provides advice on basic first aid procedures for untrained people to use in an emergency. Topics covered: what to do in an emergency; first aid treatment for unconsciousness, wounds and bleeding, minor injuries, suspected broken bones, burns, eye injuries, and electrical and gassing accidents; record keeping.
HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 6FS, United Kingdom, 1997. 6p. Illus.

CIS 97-1137
Health and Safety Executive (HSE)
First aid at work - Your questions answered
This leaflet provides basic guidance on first-aid at work. It is aimed at employers in small and medium-sized enterprises. Topics covered: legal requirements for the provision of appropriate first-aid equipment, facilities and personnel; assessing first-aid needs; contents of a first-aid box; appointment and training of first-aiders; informing personnel of first-aid arrangements.
HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 6FS, United Kingdom, 1997. 8p. 2 ref.


CIS 06-825 Guidelines on first-aid facilities in the workplace
Safety guide. A check list is included.
Department of Occupational Safety and Health, Ministry of Human Resources, Aras 2, 3 dan 4, Blok D3, Parcel D, Pusat Pentadbiran Kerajaan Persekutuan, 62502 Putrajaya, Malaysia, 1996. 16p. Illus. [in English]

CIS 99-1161 Code of practice for first aid, workplace amenities and personal protective equipment
Topics: Australia; check lists; directive; first-aid equipment; first-aid services; first-aid training; microclimate; personal protective equipment; sanitary facilities; supervision of use of protective equipment; supply of personal protective equipment; washing facilities; welfare facilities; Western Australia.
WorkSafe Western Australia Commission, Westcentre, 1260 Hay Street, West Perth, WA 6005, Australia, Nov. 1996. 83p. Illus. Price: AUD 3.00.

CIS 98-1595 Abolins H.A.
Evacuation of buildings
Evacuação de edificações [in Portuguese]
Topics: accident-design relationship; buildings; emergency exits; escape and exit; escape organization; escape routes; fire doors; fire spread limitation; hazard evaluation; human behaviour; safety lighting; smoke.
Revista CIPA, 1996, No.205, p.38-54. Illus. 56 ref.

CIS 97-608 Webber G.M.B., Shipp M.P.
Health and Safety Executive
Review of emergency lighting and way-guidance systems for offshore structures
Current national and international codes and draft codes for emergency lighting and way-guidance systems are reviewed. Factors to be considered for application of the codes in hazardous areas are outlined, and emergency lighting standards and electrical and non-electrical way-guidance standards are assessed for potential application offshore. Findings from studies of the effects of smoke on the visibility of signs are also presented. While there is no single code that specifies appropriate criteria for offshore way-guidance systems, some current standards for emergency lighting remain applicable.
HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 6FS, United Kingdom, 1996. v, 77p. Illus. 101 ref. Price: GBP 25.00.

CIS 96-1362 Wander T.R.
Health and Safety Executive (HSE)
An assessment of technologies for the location of persons lost at sea in the UKCS
This report describes a range of technologies and systems that would claim to improve the chances of rapid and reliable detection of persons who had fallen overboard. This scenario may happen in oil operations in the United Kingdom continental shelf. There is currently no system that would assure completely the location of a survivor within the critical 1-3 hour survival time in all weather conditions in daylight and at night. A combination of complementary technologies may be required to provide the greatest probability of detection. The advent of satellite communications and of emergency position indicating radio beacons fitted on helicopters and vessels allows search and rescue resources to concentrate their efforts on a smaller area of sea. There is a detailed description of: rescue authorities, light systems, radio and radar systems and reflective technologies. Sea trials are illustrated and a discussion is dedicated to the relative merits of presently available devices.
HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 6FS, United Kingdom, 1996. ix, 129p. Illus. 15 ref. Price: GBP 40.00.

CIS 96-509 Occupational first aid - I. Activation of the emergency system (PAS)
Socorrismo laboral - I. Activación del sistema de emergencia (PAS) [in Spanish]
Both during leisure time and at work, for one reason or another, situations arise that can lead to accidents. When this happens, the intervention of a first-aid specialist can be vital in saving the life of an accident victim. Sometimes, activating the medical emergency system alone is enough to avoid secondary risks that could produce further victims, or cause further injuries to or worsen the condition of the accident victim. The aim of this video is to give information as to what one should do at the scene of an accident immediately following its occurrence.
Instituto Nacional de Seguridad e Higiene en el Trabajo, ediciones y Publicaciones, C/ Torrelaguna, 73-28027 Madrid, Spain. PAL videotape (10min). Price: ESP 3000 + VAT. ###

CIS 96-508 First aid (haemorrhages)
Primeros auxilios (Hemorragias) [in Spanish]
In the case of haemorrhage emergencies, rapid first aid action can be decisive. This video shows the way to stem a haemorrhage depending on where it is located, application of a tourniquet and urgent transport of the injured person.
Instituto Nacional de Seguridad e Higiene en el Trabajo, ediciones y Publicaciones, C/ Torrelaguna, 73-28027 Madrid, Spain. PAL videotape (13min). Price: ESP 3000 + VAT. ###

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