Mycoses - 71 entries found
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Second national colloquium on occupational dermatisis
II Simpósio nacional sobre dermatoses ocupacionais [in Portuguese]
Communications to this symposium, held at Porto Alegre, Brazil, on 16-18 Nov. 1978, are: definitions of occupational dermatosis (OD) and predisposing factors (Da Fonseca A.); diagnosis of OD (Sampaio S.A.P.); definition and classification of contact dermatitis (Proença Guimaraes N.); OD in the plastics industry (Belliboni N.); major causes of OD in 698 cases observed in Săo Paulo (Belliboni N.); contact dermatitis due to rubber (Ali S.A. et al.); occupattonal and familial sporotrichosis (Furtado T. et al.); patch tests in occupational medicine - dermatoses due to petroleum derivatives (Ali S.A. et al.); data sheet on dermatitis (Da Fonseca A. et al.); dermatitis statistics in the Porto Alegre iron and steel industry (Bopp C. et al.); dermatitis of the hands in hospital personnel (Bakos L. et al.); dermatitis due to electroplating work (Alchorne A.O.A. et al.).
Revista brasileira de saúde ocupacional, Apr.-June 1979, Vol.7, No.26, p.6-71. Illus. 286 ref.
Powell K.E., Taylor A., Phillips B.J., Blakey D.L., Campbell G.D., Kaufman L., Kaplan W.
Cutaneous sporotrichosis in forestry workers - Epidemic due to contaminated sphagnum moss.
This article reports on 17 patients with cutaneous sporotrichosis, exposed to sphagnum moss used for packing pine seedlings. The moss, which in most cases was from a single source, was contaminated with Sporothrix schenckii, but the source of the contamination is not known. One worker without cutaneous sporotrichosis may have had asymptomatic pulmonary sporotrichosis. Preventive measures employed to guard against a further epidemic are: storage of all sphagnum moss indoors, scrubbing of storage and packing buildings monthly with a disinfectant, measures to reduce skin contact with the moss, and regular cultures of fresh and stored moss for S. schenckii.
Journal of the American Medical Association, 21 July 1978, Vol.240, No.3, p.232-235. Illus. 17 ref.
Working conditions and occupational diseases of mushroom growers
Conditions de travail et pathologie professionnelle dans les champignonničres. [in French]
MD thesis. General considerations on mushroom growing and picking and on working conditions and methods (workplaces and workposts) are followed by a review of the occupational hazards and harmful agencies, and of the categories of personnel involved (arrangement and allocation of working hours, special requirements of the occupation and contra-indications). The author then examines the hazards of this occupation, dividing them into traumatic and physical hazards, occupational accidents, chemical hazards of gases given off by compost (NH3, H2S, CO2) and of chemicals employed at various stages of mushroom farming (pesticides, rodenticides, etc.), hazards of parasites, microbial and mycotic infection (mushroom grower's lung, mushroom grower's onychopathy). Problems of how to eliminate these hazards and role of the occupational health physician.
Université de Bordeaux II, Unités d'Enseignement et de Recherche des Sciences médicales, Bordeaux, France, 1977. 124p. 13 ref.
Pinheiro F.P., Bensabath G., Rosa A.P.A.T., Lainson R., Shaw J.J., Ward R., Fraiha H., Moraes M.A.P., Gueiros Z.M., Lins Z.C., Mendes R.
Public health hazards among workers along the Trans-Amazon highway.
Communication to the Symposium on geography and occupational health (Brighton, United Kingdom, 14-19 Sep. 1975), reporting results of a permanent surveillance programme begun in Nov. 1972 in the Altamira area (Pará State). Serological studies on arbovirus infections; investigation of haemorrhagic syndrome of Altamira (163 cases were noted in the Altamira area in 3 years); prevalence of cutaneous and mucocutaneous leishmaniasis, including problems of prevention and control; malaria; schistosomiasis; blastomycosis; histoplasmosis; leptospirosis.
Journal of Occupational Medicine, July 1977, Vol.19, No.7, p.490-497. Illus. 5 ref.
Cornillon J., Touraine J.L., Touraine R
Asthmatic manifestations probably associated with inhalation allergy to powdered Candida tropicalis - A new occupational allergy
Manifestations asthmatiques probablement liées ŕ une allergie par inhalation de poudre de Candida tropicalis - Une nouvelle allergie professionnelle. [in French]
Frequent and repeated asthmatic manifestations occurred in 12 of 23 members of a research team culturing yeasts of the Candida tropicalis type for protein production from petroleum derivatives. Analysis of the symptoms and the tests performed, especially immediate-reaction skin tests, showed that the manifestations resembled those to inhalational allergens (Type I). If production were to increase, preventive measures for handling and storage of the product, and exclusion of hyperallergic subjects, would be necessary.
Revue française d'allergologie et d'immunologie clinique, 1976, Vol.16, No.5, p.289-290. 2 ref.
Mycoses ŕ Candida. [in French]
Report of papers read at the 2nd Meeting on Microbial Immunoallergology at the Institut Pasteur Hospital (Paris, 13 Mar. 1976): biology of Candida (mycology and physiopathology); antigens - application to humoral immunity studies and immunological diagnosis; RAST test with protein and polysaccaride antigens and washed cells; phagocitosis and Candida; immunological and serological activity of the metabolic antigens of C. albicans; clinical aspects of C. albicans allergy; pulmonary infiltrates with severe eosinophilia associated with bronchial candidosis; asthmatic manifestations probably associated with inhalation allergy to powdered C. tropicalis; recent acquisitions and future perspectives in treatment of Candida-induced disease.
Revue française d'allergologie et d'immunologie clinique, 1976, Vol.16, No.5, p.233-295. Illus. 170 ref.
Sarosi G.A., Serstock D.S.
Isolation of blastomyces dermatitidis from pigeon manure.
Case report of a horticulturist with acute progressive blastomycosis. 6 weeks earlier he had used a load of pigeon manure, which was found to contain large numbers of the characteristic yeast forms of Blastomyces dermatitidis. It was possible to cultivate the fungus from the material. Future investigations of human blastomycosis should concentrate on soil enriched with bird droppings.
American Review of Respiratory Disease, Dec. 1976, Vol.114, No.6, p.1179-1183. Illus. 7 ref.
Ministry of Labour and Social Welfare (Ministero del lavoro e della previdenza sociale) and Ministry of Health (Ministero della sanitŕ), Roma.
Decree of the President of the Republic, No.482, dated 9 June 1975: Amendments and additions to the tables of occupational diseases in industry and agriculture - Schedules 4 and 5 to the Decree of the President of the Republic, No.1124, of 30 June 1965
Decreto del Presidente della Repubblica 9 giugno 1975, n.482. Modificazioni e integrazioni alle tabelle delle malattie professionali nell'industria e nell'agricoltura, allegati numeri 4 e 5 al decreto del Presidente della Repubblica 30 giugno 1965, n.1124 [in Italian]
The amended schedules issued by this Decree list 40 occupational diseases in industry (mainly intoxications, and also diseases due to noise and vibration, work in compressed air, etc. and pneumoconioses) and in 21 agricultural occupations (ankylostomiasis, diseases due to use of pesticides and other chemical agents, farmer's lung and similar respiratory diseases due to dust, mycoses, etc.), indicating opposite each disease the operations or processes giving rise to the disease and the periods of liability for compensation. Entry into force: 9 Oct. 1975.
Gazzetta ufficiale, 9 Oct. 1975, Vol.116, No.269, p.7139-7143.
Present state of future prospects for wider use of medicinal aerosols for the prevention and treatment of occupational diseases
O sostojanii i perspektivah rasširenija primenenija aėrozolej medikamentov dlja profilaktiki i lečenija professional'nyh zabolevanij [in Russian]
Literature survey concerning the use of medicinal aerosols in the prevention of various diseases (pneumoconiosis, dust-induced bronchitis, toxic or allergic bronchopneumopathy, occupational poisoning by mercury, lead or other toxic substances, occupational dermatitis, burns and cutaneous microtraumatisms). Appropriate action to widen the scope of aerosol treatment.
Gigiena truda i professional'nye zabolevanija, Jan. 1975, No.1, p.14-18. 47 ref.
Buchvald J., Klobušický M., Valentová M., Bakyta A.
Analysis of the incidence of mycotic infections of the skin in miners.
Analýza výskytu mykotických infekcií kože pracovníkov v bani [in Slovak]
The results of examinations carried out in 680 lignite miners showed that 52.2% of those examined suffered from intertriginous epidermophytosis, principally caused by Trichophyton rubrum and Trichophyton mentagrophytes var. interdigitale. Cases of onychomycosis and moniliasis were rare. Shower-rooms were the main source of infection. Recommended preventive measures: washing floor tiles of shower and changing rooms with boiling water after each shift, and disinfection at least once a day with an antimycotic agent; periodic disinfection inside footwear and drying after each shift; application of antimycotic preparations between the toes after showering.
Bratislavské lekárske listy, Mar. 1975, Vol.63, No.3, p.280-287. 13 ref.
Barričre H., Litoux P., Morin O., Géraut C.
Suppurative trychophytoses of animal origin - A review of 38 recent cases
Les trichophyties suppurées d'origine animale - A propos de 38 observations récentes. [in French]
Analysis of 38 cases of tinea capitis (kerion) and barbae (sycosis) collected in a rural area, of occupational (farmers or workers in contact with animals) or other origin, and the results of an epidemiological study undertaken with the aid of veterinary surgeons of the infested region, showed an increasing incidence of the animal infection (calves) favoured by changes in animal husbandry methods. Report on the clinical, parasitological, immunological, therapeutic and occupational study of this condition, which is almost always associated with infestation of the body and head hair by various species of Trichophyton.
Semaine des hôpitaux, 1975, Vol.51, No.8, p.539-548. Illus.
Čajka N.A., Jakovskaja M.E.
Occupational fungal allergy and ways to detect it.
Translation of: Professional'naja gribkovaja allergija i sposoby ee vyjavlenija. Gigiena truda i professional'nye zabolevanija, Moskva, USSR, Mar. 1972, Vol.16, No.3, p.32-35. 14 ref. A brief review of mycosis types, causes and common sites of outbreak is followed by a report of research in a chemical plant producing citric acid by Aspergillus niger fermentation. Serological testing (precipitation, complement fixation, passive haemoagglutination) and allergy testing (intradermal, leucocytolysis, Z.B. ovary reaction) in 102 employees gave frequent positive reactions in surface-fermentation, laboratory and spore-preparation workers. In chemical and deep-fermentation workers with a lower degree of exposure, positive reactions were obtained in isolated cases only. Suitable engineering measures to prevent atmospheric contamination, and the use of respirators in special cases are recommended.
Foreign Technology Division, Wright-Patterson Air Force Base, Ohio. AD-779 119/7WI, National Technical Information Service, Springfield, Virginia 22151, USA, 22 Apr. 1974. 15p. Illus. 14 ref. Price: Photocopy US-$3.00/Microfiche US-$1.45.
Vyskočil J., Lejhancová G., Berka L., Chromá M., Horská H.
On the working conditions and health status of female dairy farm workers
Über die Arbeitsbedingungen und den Gesundheitszustand der Pflegerinnen von Melkkühen [in German]
Results of a study of the working conditions in 18 Czechoslovakian dairy farms and of the health of 133 female dairy farm workers (average age: 45 years; average length of service: 8 years): occupational hygiene in the cow-sheds, measurement of dust and microclimate in summer and winter, clinical and dermatological examinations, occupational skin lesions, psychological examination. In 17% of the workers, candida mycosis and contact eczema were found, and characteristic hand callosities were observed in 57%. Fungi were found in 59% of the sputa and throat-swabs. Other findings: chronic bronchial catarrh, reduced ventilatory capacity, pathogenic microorganisms in the sputum, lumbar spine and joint pains. Prophylactic measures are indicated.
Zeitschrift für die gesamte Hygiene und ihre Grenzgebiete, Feb. 1974, Vol.20, No.2, p.97-106. 46 ref.
Bailey W.C., Brown M., Buechner H.A., Weill H., Ichinose H., Ziskind M.
Silico-mycobacterial disease in sandblasters.
An investigation carried out in New Orleans secured environmental data that demonstrate heavy concentrations of respirable free silica in and outside protective hoods accounting for the high incidence and accelerated course of silicosis in sandblasters. 22 of 83 silicotic sandblasters investigated had complicating mycobacterial infections. The mean age of the men was 44 years and the average exposure to silica less than 10 years. The radiographic and pulmonary physiological findings for this group of workers are summarised and information given concerning immunological disorders associated with silicosis and silicobacteriosis.
American Review of Respiratory Disease, Aug. 1974, Vol.110, No.2, p.115-125. Illus. 19 ref.
Otčénašek M., Dvořák J., Šich J., Nevludová D., Mališ J.
Gardeners' occupational microsporosis
Mikrosporie zahradníků jako profesionální dermatóza [in Czech]
Study reporting the extensive incidence of dermatophytoses caused by Microsporum gypseum in employees in 2 horticultural establishments. Strains identical to those from human lesions were isolated from soil samples, which could thus be considered the source of the infection. The authors believe that the skin microtrauma in persons in permanent contact with garden soil play an important part in the formation of geophilic microspora.
Pracovní lékařství, June 1973, Vol.25, No.6, p.248-250. 17 ref.
Incidence of occupational skin diseases in Czechoslovakia in 1971
Výskyt kožních nemocí z povolání v Československu v roce 1971 [in Czech]
In 1971, 5,124 new cases of occupational diseases, including 2,412 cases of skin diseases, were reported in Czechoslovakia. The average for the preceding years was 5,000 cases. 14 cases of dermatitis and 2 of skin cancer (due to prolonged exposure to ionising radiations) were reported. The following chemical substances are listed among the principal causative agents: petroleum products (364 cases), plastics (269), chromium (98), rubber and chemical products used in the rubber industry (91), organic dyestuffs (64), etc. The 875 cases of occupational skin infection are broken down as follows: 715 cases of trichophytosis, 67 of milker's nodule, 74 of erysipeloid, etc.
Československá dermatologie, Apr. 1973, Vol.48, No.2, p.73-80.
Aspergillus fumigatus mould as an agent of occupational lung diseases
Pleśnie Aspergillus fumigatus jako przyczyna schorzeń płuc o charakterze zawodowym [in Polish]
An account is given of the morphology, biology, occurrence and pathogenicity of Aspergillus fumigatus mould and of occupational aspergillosis (literature review, diagnosis). Serological tests showed that, in comparison to a control group, farmers run the highest aspergillosis risk, followed by tobacco and food industry workers. It is suggested that a light personal breathing apparatus should be worn by those occupationally exposed to hazardous concentrations of this mould. The need for regular lung function tests is stressed.
Medycyna Wiejska, 1973, Vol.8, No.4, p.275-284. Illus. 20 ref.
Zaidi S.H., Shanker R., Dogra R.K.S.
Experimental infective pneumoconiosis: Effect of asbestos dust and Candida albicans infection on the lungs of rhesus monkeys.
Candida albicans and amosite dust together produced, after intertracheal inoculation, extensive collagenous fibrosis at 330 days in monkeys. The lesions produced by amosite dust alone comprised fine fibrosis around bronchioles and blood vessels and moderate interstitial fibrosis. Candida albicans alone caused acute inflammatory reaction in the early stages while at the termination of the experiment (330 days) scant evidence of candidiasis remained. It may be concluded that the extensive pulmonary fibrosis in the presence of dust is related to the simultaneous presence of organisms like C. albicans, the exact mechanism of its production requiring further investigation.
Environmental Research, Sep. 1973, Vol.6, No.3, p.274-286. Illus. 24 ref.
Albert R.E., Lippmann M., Morrow P.E., Ferin J., Harrison G., Lapp N.L., Burrell R., Gernez-Rieux C., Tacquet A., Devulder B., Voisin C., Tonnel A., Aerts C., Policard A., Martin J.C., Le Bouffant L., Daniel H., Daniel-Moussard H., Weller W., Ulmer W.T., Gross P., Braun D.C., DeTreville R.T.P., Hilscher W., Schlipköter H.W.
Mechanisms of disease.
Text of the 10 papers which constitute Part 2 of the International Conference on Coal Workers' Pneumoconiosis (New York, 13-17 Sep. 1971), sponsored by the New York Academy of Sciences. The following subjects are covered: factors influencing dust retention in the pulmonary parenchyma; lymphatic drainage in dust clearance; alveolar dust clearance; electron microscopic findings in the lungs of miners; immunological aspects of coal workers' pneumoconiosis (CWP); interactions between pneumoconiosis and mycobacterial infections; the role of quartz in the development of CWP; inhalation studies of coal-quartz mixture; pulmonary response to coal dust; antagonistic factors in the pathogenesis of CWP. An account of the discussion on these papers is given.
Coal workers' pneumoconiosis. Volume 200, Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, 2 East 63rd Street, New York, N.Y. 10021, USA, 1972, p.37-183. Illus. 268 ref.
Die mykotische Infektion im Beruf [in German]
This issue contains articles by a number of authors on mycotic disease in physicians, paramedical personnel, food-industry workers, agricultural workers, miners and immigrant labour. Sections are devoted to: spores; sources of infestation and environmental factors; mode of infestation; pathogenesis and clinical picture. Problems of diagnosis and demonstration of occupational causation are touched upon. A further article is devoted to the mycological laboratory, its equipment and methods of investigation, and indications are given on the identification of fungi on cultures.
Arbeitsmedizin - Sozialmedizin - Arbeitshygiene, June 1972, Vol.7, No.6, p.149-166. Illus. 123 ref.
Riboldi A., Ghislanzoni G., Hofmann M.F.
Occupational diseases of milkers' hands
Berufskrankheiten der Melkerhand [in German]
Classification and description of the clinical pictures of interdigital moniliasis, milkers' eczema, interdigital fistular granulomatosis, milkers' nodule, palmar hyperkeratosis and chronic occupational osteopathy. The authors report on 30 cases that they have observed personally and point to the influence of 3 aetiopathogenic factors: a mycotic factor, a viral factor and a traumatic-type physical factor. The authors claim that irritant and sensitising factors play only a negligible part.
Berufs-Dermatosen, Aug. 1972, Vol.20, No.4, p.166-173. Illus. 45 ref.
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