Bacterial and parasitic diseases - 1,362 entries found
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Chemistry and specifications of pesticides
Thirteenth Report of the WHO Expert Committee on Vector Biology and Control. Contents: Development of pesticides for use in public health (the WHO pesticide evaluation scheme, relations with industry, quality control of pesticides); vector control in urban areas; control of household vectors and pests; specifications and test methodology; biological control agents; decontamination of containers; relations with other organisations. Annexes provide recommended changes in existing specifications and methods, recommended specifications for new pesticides and formulations and new methods, and a guideline specification for ultra-low volume liquids.
World Health Organization, Distribution and Sales Service, 1211 Genève 27, Switzerland, 1990. 77p. Bibl. Price: CHF 9.00.
Jost M., Rüegger M., Liechti B., Reber E.
Prevention of blood-borne infections in medical laboratories
Verhütung von blutübertragbaren Infektionen in medizinischen Laboratorien [in German]
Prévention des infections transmises par voie sanguine dans les laboratoires médicaux [in French]
Leaflet listing hazards and safety precautions to be observed by staff handling blood samples in medical laboratories.
Caisse nationale suisse d'assurance en cas d'accidents, Case postale, Lucerne, Switzerland, 1990. 6p. Illus.
Jost M., Rüegger M., Liechti B., Reber E.
Prevention of blood-borne infections in the treatment of patients
Verhütung von blutübertragbaren Infektionen beim Umgang mit Patienten [in German]
Prévention des infections transmises par voie sanguine lors de soins aux patients [in French]
Leaflet listing the hazards of contracting blood-borne diseases to which medical and para-medical personnel are exposed when treating patients, and the safety measures to be applied accordingly.
Caisse nationale suisse d'assurance en cas d'accidents, Case postale, Lucerne, Switzerland, 1990. 6p. Illus.
AIDS and hepatitis B and C: Contamination risk at transurethral resection - A study using sodium fluorescein as a marker
Endoscopic surgeons performing transurethral resection are exposed to facial splashes containing minute and dilute quantities of irrigating fluid used during the operation, as was proven by the use of a fluorescent dye marker in 17 out of 20 consecutive operations. The surgeons generally were not aware of the splashes. As irrigating fluid can be contaminated by HIV and hepatitis B/C virus, it is important that endoscopic surgeons be vaccinated against hepatitis B, and that protective glasses and masks be used during the operation in order to guard against HIV infection.
Medical Journal of Australia, 3 Sep. 1990, Vol. 153, No.5, p.257-260. Illus. 20 ref.
Parat S., Perdrix A., Grillot R., Croize J.
Prevention strategy for hazards due to air-conditioning systems
Prévention des risques dus à la climatisation. Stratégie d'intervention [in French]
Air-conditioning and humidification systems can be contaminated by various microorganisms. Air traitment for comfort, safety or industrial demands can also induce the presence of pathological manifestations of various origin, such as infectious diseases, immuno-allergic reactions, or the so-called sick building syndrome. These problems have led to the introduction of a biometrological and medical prevention strategy programme. This article reports on the experimental results of interventions in the years 1987-1988.
Archives des maladies professionnelles, 1990, Vol.51, No.1, p.27-35. Illus. 53 ref.
Murray A., Kangro H.O., Heath R.B.
Screening hospital staff for antibodies to varicella-zoster virus
In hospitals there is a risk of cross-infection of staff by varicella-zoster virus (VZV). As vaccination of susceptible hospital staff with live varicella vaccines cannot be recommended at present, this letter to the editor recommends routine screening for VZV antibody status during the pre-employment health checks of new employees.
Lancet, 21 July 1990, Vol.336, No.8708, p.192. 2 ref.
Yardley-Jones A., Anderson D., Lovell D.P., Jenkinson P.C.
Analysis of chromosomal aberrations in workers exposed to low level benzene
Metaphase chromosome preparations were analysed as part of a larger study from a population occupationally exposed to benzene and compared with a control group. The incidence of chromosomal aberrations in the exposed group was slightly increased compared with the control group. This increase was of borderline significance in parametric statistical tests but was significant using Fisher's exact test. No lifestyle factors had any consistent effect on the incidence of chromosome aberrations, although there was a small reduction in gaps with increasing cigarette smoking. Older individuals had a higher incidence of chromosome exchanges and "other" aberrations. Individuals who reported a recent viral illness had a higher incidence of aberrations, particularly gaps. The increased incidence of aberrations seen in the group exposed to benzene may result from a history of exposure to benzene. Nevertheless, other explanations such as sampling, interindividual variability, and unintentional bias in the selection of the 2 groups cannot be excluded.
British Journal of Industrial Medicine, Jan. 1990, Vol.47, No.1, p.48-51. 7 ref.
Wright G.D., Farrer J.A.
Potential for the prevention of "needle-stick" injuries in hospitals
This letter to the editor provides a statistical analysis of 124 needle injuries in hospital workers. Breakdown is by occupational group and by method of injury. To avoid the risks of contamination of hospital staff it is recommended to use individual needle containers at the point of use, thus providing the advantages of recapping without any of the attendant risks.
Medical Journal of Australia, 15 Jan. 1990, Vol.152, No.2, p.111-112.
Chappel R.J., Prime R.W., Cutler R.S., Jones R.T., Millar B.D., Adler B.
Antileptospiral antibodies in Australian pig farmers
Letter to the editor. Serum samples from 140 Australian pig farmers were tested for antibodies to Leptospira interrogans, the organism responsible for hte disease leptospirosis. 11 (8%) showed microscopic agglutination test reactions to one of the 2 serovars known to cause the disease in Australia. No high titres were obtained. The importance of swine vaccination is stressed.
Medical Journal of Australia, 15 Jan. 1990, Vol.152, No.2, p.105. 4 ref.
Foglalkozási betegségek [in Hungarian]
Advanced-level textbook. Contents: toxicology (characteristics, diagnosis, prevention and treatment of intoxications; intoxications due to metals, gases, solvents, pesticides, polymers, other chemical substances; mutagenic, carcinogenic and teratogenic effects; delayed toxic effects); respiratory diseases due to mineral and organic dusts and man-made mineral fibres; noise-induced hearing loss; vibration disease; diseases caused by decompression and barotrauma; diseases due to ionising and non-ionising radiation; skin diseases; infectious diseases; diseases of the musculoskeletal system; influence of unhealthy working conditions on morbidity and mortality (chronic respiratory diseases; arthritis and backache; diseases of the circulatory system; neuroses). Biological exposure limits are given for a number of substances (Hungary, Federal Republic of Germany, USA-ACGIH). In annex: a model questionnaire used for routine medical examinations by an occupational physician.
OMIKK-OOIIK, Budapest, Hungary, 1990. Illus. Bibl. Price: HUF 880.00.
Health and safety in municipal water purification plants
Hygiène et sécurité dans les stations d'épuration des collectivités locales [in French]
Guidance document to prevention measures in water purification plants. The nature of work (operations and maintenance) performed in these plants is outlined. The principal hazards are specified: hazards during normal operations and during maintenance work (falls and slips, hazards caused by moving machinery and equipment, fire and explosion risks, exposure to corrosive and/or toxic substances, noise and odours, electrical hazards, risks of infection). The three main approaches to prevention are given: safety by design, collective protection, personal protection. General recommendations: provision of information; institution of preventive measures (against mechanical hazards, hazards of falls and slips, fires and explosions, infections and exposures to toxic substances, hazards of maintenance) and provision of personal protective equipment. Special recommendations: prohibition of access for the public; minimum dimensions of passageways; requirements for work locales (lighting, hygiene, changing rooms, laboratories); specifications for manholes, hatches and other openings, passageways, staircases, ladders, basins etc.; general external lighting; protection against noise; heating, air-conditioning and ventilation; electrical safety. An overview of relevant French legislation is given. In annex: examples of recent safety and health related work in French water purification plants, with prices and work details.
Direction de l'Eau et de la Prévention des Pollutions et des Risques, Mission Administrative de Neuilly, Régisseur d'Avances et de Recettes, 14, blvd. du Général Leclerc, 92524 Neuilly sur Seine Cedex, France, 1989. 55p. Illus. 15 ref. Price: FRF 150.00.
Comments on proposed rule on occupational exposure to bloodborne pathogens
While the Service Employees International Union (SEIU) strongly endorses certain features of OSHA's proposed regulation to reduce occupational exposures to bloodborne infectious diseases, several modifications are suggested in the areas of: coverage of service contractors; compliance hierarchy; exemptions to universal precautions in particular circumstances; proper disposal of needles; quality of personal protective equipment; hepatitis B vaccine; post-exposure follow-up; worker training. Detailed comments are made on each of the OSHA proposals along with SEIU recommendations.
Service Employees International Union, 1313 L Street N.W., Washington, DC 20005, USA, 1989. 42p.
Indoor air pollution control
Contents of this manual: problem definition (personal pollution exposures, sick building syndrome, levels of exposure to specific contaminants and possible health effects); source control of inorganic contaminants (asbestos, combustion-generated pollutants, radon), organic contaminants (formaldehyde, volatile organic compounds, pesticides) and biogenic particles (allergies and asthma, hypersensitivity pneumonitis, Legionnaires' diseases, moisture control); ventilation for contaminant control; air cleaning; policy and regulatory considerations; air quality diagnostics; mitigation practice.
Lewis Publishers, Inc., 121 South Main Street, Chelsea, Michigan 48118, USA, 1989. xiii, 401p. Illus. Index. Bibl.ref. Price: GBP 64.00.
Hauptverband der gewerblichen Berufsgenossenschaften
Meat industry - Safety regulations and enforcement rules [Germany]
Fleischwirtschaft - VBG und Durchführungsanweisungen [in German]
The regulations deal with slaughtering and meat preparation: construction and equipment of premises (floors, drainage, visibility, noise control), machines, plant and tools, loading and unloading of animals, prevention of infections and occupational diseases, layout of slaughterhouses. Specific provisions relate to means used to stun animals: electrical appliances (voltage not exceeding 80V) and carbon dioxide pits. Clarification is provided in the rules.
Carl Heymanns Verlag KG, Luxemburger Strasse 449, D-W-5000 Köln 41, Germany, 1989. 10p. + 7p.
Local Government Training Board
HIV infection and AIDS - A training handbook for local authorities
This publication is a detailed, practical guide for local authorities in Britain setting up their own training programmes. It can be used with all employees ranging from cleaners to refuse collectors, teachers to caretakers, social workers and home helps to senior management. With charts and checklists throughout, it covers all the stages of the training process from preparation and negotiation through to programme design, implementation and evaluation.
Health Education Authority, Supplies Department, Hamilton House, Mabledon Place, London WC1H 9TX, United Kingdom, 1989. 126p. Illus. 18 ref. Price: GBP 6.95.
Commission of the European Communities
Health risks of personnel in health-care establishments exposed to chemical and biological agents
Risques pour la santé du personnel exposé aux agents chimiques et biologiques dans les établissements de santé [in French]
This report provides a survey of data on the chemical and biological hazards faced by workers in hospitals and other health-care establishments. Part I describes microbiological hazards (AIDS, hepatitis B, other infectious diseases in hospitals) and appropriate programmes of medical supervision and prevention. Part II is devoted to chemical hazards (ethylene oxide, formaldehyde, chemotherapy agents) and to the requirements of epidemiologic control. Part III deals with certain specific issues (laboratory hygiene, dentistry, handling of blood and blood products). It contains as well recommendations for further research into the occupational health problems of health-care workers.
Office des publications officielles des Communautés européennes, 2 rue Mercier, 2985 Luxembourg, Grand Duchy of Luxembourg, 1989. ix, 272p. ca. 280 ref. Price: ECU 21.25.
Biosafety in the laboratory: Prudent practices for the handling and disposal of infectious materials
Manual on the safe handling and disposal of hazardous biological materials in the laboratory. Contents: descriptive epidemiology of occupational infections of laboratory workers; safe handling of infectious agents (pathogenic and other microorganisms, hazards from vertebrate animals and from insects, primary and continuous cell cultures, necroscopy and surgical specimens, good laboratory practices, transportation of specimens, prevention of aerosol and droplet generation, containment equipment, biosafety in large-scale and small-volume laboratories); safe disposal of infectious laboratory waste; safety management. Appendices include: guidelines on biosafety in microbiological and biomedical laboratories; recommendations for prevention of HIV transmission; summary of zoonotic pathogens causing disease in man.
National Academy Press, 2101 Constitution Avenue, NW, Washington, DC 20418, USA, 1989. xii, 222p. Illus. Bibl.ref. Index. Price: USD 29.95.
A guide to the safe handling of sharps: Occupational health and safety manual for health care institutions
This training guide presents methods for the safe handling of sharps. Many of the recommendations have not been tested for effectiveness; most are based on logic and common sense, rather than scientific evaluation. Issues covered: disposal of used sharps, sharps containers, waste disposal, sharps contaminated with cytotoxic drugs, injury prevention, and puncture wound follow-up. A sample reporting form and survey are included.
Health Care Occupational Health and Safety Association, 150 Ferrand Drive, Don Mills, Ontario M3C 1H6, Canada, 1989. 31p. Illus. 75 ref.
Siqueira L.F.G., Almeida R.G., Lang D., Francisco W., Ottati S.M., Santos M.F.Q., Belda W., Silveira M.C.
Biosafety in STD laboratories
Biossegurança em laboratórios de DST [in Portuguese]
Article on infection control among workers in laboratories specialised in the detection of sexually transmitted diseases (STDs). Part I describes the risks (infection through inadvertent inhalation or ingestion of pathogens, contact with infected experimental animals, accidental self-inoculation with syringes), provides a table containing data on individual cases of infection (bacteria; fungi; viruses including HIV and Hepatitis A and B; parasitic organisms); suggested preventive methods (in particular, against Chlamydia trachomatis, Neisseria gonorrhoeae, Treponema pallidum (syphilis), Herpes virus and HIV (AIDS) virus); basic guidelines for safety in biomedical laboratories. Part II provides detailed information on proper methods of cleanliness, antisepsis, disinfection and sterilisation in order to reduce the likelihood of such infections.
Revista brasileira de saúde ocupacional, Jan.-Mar. 1989, Vol.17, No.65, p.16-32. 38 ref.
AIDS and the workplace - Some policy pointers from international labour standards
Le SIDA et le lieu de travail - Les orientations que suggèrent les normes de l'OIT [in French]
The increasingly devastating effects of HIV/AIDS on the working population confront governments and employers' and workers' organisations with an urgent need to devise and implement policies on HIV/AIDS and employment. The joint WHO/ILO Statement from the Consultation on AIDS and the Workplace now offers useful guidelines. The author explores how those guidelines reflect principles already established in ILO Conventions and Recommendations on the elimination of discrimination, protection in relation to termination of employment, special measures for the disabled, occupational health and safety and collective bargaining. She stresses the important role international standards can play in the search for a policy that is both reasonable and humane.
International Labour Review - Revue internationale du Travail - Revista internacional del trabajo, 1989, Vol.128, No.1, p.29-45. 57 ref.
Windorfer A., Seiker W., Stroscher J.
Hepatitis in the health professions (exemplified by the state of Lower Saxony)
Hepatitiserkrankungen bei Gesundheitsberufen (Beispiel Bundesland Niedersachsen) [in German]
Statistical data on the hepatitis incidence between 1976 and 1986 among medical doctors, dentists and nurses are presented in comparison with the general population. They were obtained from the health departments of Lower Saxony, Federal Republic of Germany. The incidence of hepatitis A, B and non-A-non-B among medical doctors, dentists and nurses was markedly higher than among the general population. Better protection of medical personnel against hepatitis infection is demanded.
Das Öffentliche Gesundheitswesen, 1989, Vol.51, No.3, p.118-121. Illus. 5 ref.
Guide to planning health promotion for AIDS prevention and control
A practical step-by-step guide providing guidelines on planning, implementing, monitoring and evaluating a health promotion programme aimed at limiting the spread of AIDS. Addressed to those responsible for planning and managing an AIDS health promotion programme, this book provides guidance on the use of specific educational methods and techniques that have proved their effectiveness and should be used in every cultural context.
World Health Organization, Distribution and Sales Service, 1211 Genève 27, Switzerland, 1989. iv, 71p. Annexes. Price: CHF 14.00; USD 11.20.
Monitoring of national AIDS prevention and control programmes: Guiding principles
This booklet presents concise practical guidelines intended to help countries develop an effective, streamlined system for tracking and reporting on progress in the implementation of an AIDS prevention and control programme. Addressed to health system managers, it considers some of the practical aspects of monitoring such programmes in the context of national medium-term plans.
World Health Organization, Distribution and Sales Service, 1211 Genève 27, Switzerland, 1989. iii, 27p. Annex. Price: CHF 8.00; USD 6.40.
Guidelines on sterilization and disinfection methods effective against human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)
This booklet provides complete technical instructions on the methods and chemicals that are most appropriate and effective against HIV in the workplace. Emphasis is given to the use of heat for sterilisation and disinfection.
World Health Organization, Distribution and Sales Service, 1211 Genève 27, Switzerland, 1989. iii, 11p. Bibl.ref. Price: CHF 4.00; USD 3.20.
Castro Carrasco M.E.
Occupational health - Hazards at work and their prevention
Salud ocupacional - Riesgos del trabajo y su prevención [in Spanish]
Textbook on occupational health, covering: general hazards of the workplace; physical hazards (radiations, atmospheric pressure, abnormal temperatures, lighting conditions, noise and vibration); biological hazards (viral, bacterial and fungal infections; insect bites; common occupational diseases); chemical hazards (paths of entry into the organism; toxic mechanisms; dust and pneumoconiosis; carcinogens); psychological hazards (fatigue and stress). In annex: special occupational hazards in hospitals; the future of occupational medicine in Ecuador; silicosis among Ecuadorian gold miners; list of OSH instruments adopted by the ILO, 1919-1986; full text of ILO Conventions 155 and 161 concerning OSH and the working environment, and occupational health services, respectively; full text of OSH Regulations (Resolution 172, see CIS 76-1794) in effect in Ecuador; ILO and ANSI classification schemes for accidents; basic warning signs; international classification scheme for chemical contaminants in the workplace.
Sociedad Ecuatoriana de Salud Ocupacional (SESO), Casilla 7015, Guayaquil, Ecuador, 1989. 230p. + annexes. Illus. 30 ref.
U.S. Department of Health and Human Services
New perspectives on HIV-related illnesses: progress in health services research
Proceedings of a conference on new perspectives and recent research in dealing with HIV-related illnesses, held in Miami, Florida, USA, 17-19 May, 1989 and organised by the National Center for Health Services Research of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. Topics examined were: health services research trends and AIDS; trends in the epidemiology of HIV-related illnesses; hospital trends and the financing of medical care for AIDS patients; the social consequences of AIDS; AIDS severity-of-illness classification systems; modelling the impact of the AIDS/HIV epidemic on state medical aid programmes; perspectives on a continuum of care for persons with HIV illness.
Public Health Service, National Center for Health Services Research and Health Care Technology Assessment, Publication and Information Branch, Parklawn Building, Room 18-12, 5600 Fishers Lane, Rockville, MD 20857, USA, 1989. 215p. Bibl.ref.
Hofmann F., Sydow B.
Immunity against mumps among hospital personnel
Zur Frage der Mumps-Immunität bei Krankenhausbeschäftigten [in German]
Mumps occurs among adults and hospital personnel have an elevated risk of infection. Between 1986 and 1988 immunity against mumps of 566 employees of the paediatric section of the University Hospital in Freiburg, Germany, was determined by mumps antibody tests. More than one third had no antibodies. Of these 41 participated in a vaccination programme and 33 developed antibodies.
Arbeitsmedizin - Sozialmedizin - Präventivmedizin, 1989, Vol.24, No.5, p.115-117. Illus. 14 ref.
Viral hazards: H.I.V., hepatitis A, hepatitis B
This advice booklet deals with risks of viral infections (human immunodeficiency virus, hepatitis A and B viruses) likely to be confronted by fire service personnel in performing its duty. Information covered: viral hazards - precautions for fire service personnel; transmissions of HIV, hepatitis A and B viruses; operational precautions; additional personal precautionary measures; exposure and contamination; decontamination; contaminated equipment; additional essential precautions. Appendices: I - hepatitis virus; II - product information; III - reporting a case of disease; IV - AIDS policy.
Fire Brigades Union, Bradley House, 68 Coombe Road, Kingston upon Thames, Surrey KT2 7AE, United Kingdom, 1989. 12p.
Toxoplasmosis - A summary of the occupational health concern
La toxoplasmose - Un résumé des risques sur le plan professionnel [in French]
Toxoplasmosis is an infectious disease caused by contact with infected animals or meat. The disease may also be passed from a pregnant woman to her foetus. Special precautions are required for workers involved in animal care, slaughterhouse work, agriculture and gardening, laboratory work and health care.
Canadian Centre for Occupational Health and Safety, 250 Main Street East, Hamilton, Ontario L8N 1H6, Canada, Aug. 1989. 5p. 13 ref.
Lyme disease - A summary of the occupational health concern
La maladie de Lyme - Un résumé des risques sur le plan professionnel [in French]
Lyme disease is caused by bacteria spread by two species of ticks in North America. Most victims suffer a mild illness sometimes accompanied by a peculiar, bright red, circular rash. Untreated victims may develop temporary nerve problems, heart disease or arthritis. Several antibiotics are available for the effective treatment of the disease at all stages. The disease is an occupational hazard for people working outdoors in regions that have large numbers of infected ticks. Preventive measures include wearing of suitable protective clothing, use of insect repellants, regular skin inspection and removal of attached ticks.
Canadian Centre for Occupational Health and Safety, 250 Main Street East, Hamilton, Ontario L8N 1H6, Canada, June 1989. 6p. 8 ref.
National Occupational Health and Safety Commission (Worksafe Australia)
Diseases acquired from animals
This safety guide to zoonoses is aimed principally at farmers, abattoir workers, food processing workers, health workers in contact with animals, biological researchers, livestock handlers, workers in the pet industry and workers in wildlife parks, circuses and zoological gardens. Contents: identification of zoonoses; basic information on the most commonly seen zoonoses in Australia (Murray Valley fever, Q fever, psittacosis, acute gastroenteritis, leptospirosis, ringworm, hydatid disease, brucellosis, orf, anthrax); prevention and management of exposure to zoonoses in an occupational setting.
Australian Government Publishing Service, GPO Box 84, Canberra ACT 2601, Australia, Dec. 1989. 30p. Illus. 8 ref. Price: AUD 5.95.
National Occupational Health and Safety Commission (Worksafe Australia)
Legionnaires' disease and related illnesses
Contents of this information note on Legionnaires' disease and similar diseases caused by microorganisms that multiply in the water supply of public buildings. Contents: identification (indoor and outdoor environments; workers at risk; the causative factor - particularly, the bacterium Legionella pneumophila; conditions for rapid multiplication of the bacteria, known as bioamplification); health hazards (legionellosis, Pontiac fever, humidifier fever; modes of transmission; outcome and severity of the infection; predisposing conditions); prevention and control measures (wet cooling towers; water systems); protection of maintenance personnel.
Australian Government Publishing Service, GPO Box 84, Canberra ACT 2601, Australia, Dec. 1989. 21p. Illus. 61 ref. Price: AUD 4.95.
Psittacosis (Ornithosis) - A summary of the occupational health concern
La psittacose (ornithose) - Résumé des risques sur le plan professionnel [in French]
Psittacosis is an occupational health hazard for those whose work brings them into contact with birds. It is primarily a lung disease caused by inhalation of airborne microorganisms or by handling an infected bird. Preventive measures include proper feeding of birds, avoidance of overcrowding and adequate ventilation systems.
Canadian Centre for Occupational Health and Safety, 250 Main Street East, Hamilton, Ontario L8N 1H6, Canada, June 1989. 4p. 9 ref.
Doby J.M., Couatarmanac'h A., Fages J., Chévrier S.
Tick-borne spirochaetosis among forestry workers. Serological study of 653 people from 10 departments in western France
Les spirochétoses à tiques chez les professionnels de la forêt. Enquête sérologique chez 653 sujets de 10 départements de l'ouest de la France [in French]
In a study of 653 forestry workers from 10 departments of western France, 21.7% were found to have antibodies against Borrelia burgdorferi (the organism responsible for Lyme disease). The incidence in a control group was only 3.7%. There was considerable variation among the departments. Among specific occupations, woodcutters and haulers had the highest incidence of antibodies (>23%). The importance of information is stressed.
Archives des maladies professionnelles, 1989, Vol.50, No.8, p.751-757. Illus. 20 réf.
Special issue of an Indian OSH journal, devoted to training information on hazards affecting the eye in the workplace and their prevention. Hazards covered: infection: mechanical hazards: radiation (visible, ultraviolet, infrared); VDU work: welding. Disorders of vision are also discussed.
The OHS tide, July 1989, Vol.7, No.1, p.1-16. (whole issue). Illus.
Brown K.C., Turner J.G.
AIDS: policies and programs for the workplace
This book provides guidance to company officials wishing to respond to the AIDS crisis rationally, effectively and in accordance with the law. It is the only book to cover company policy formulation and AIDS education thoroughly from a manager's perspective. After discussing the latest knowledge about AIDS, its prevention, and its financial impact on business and society, the book examines in detail such topics as formulating company policy, developing and conducting educational programmes, screening for AIDS, complying with legal standards, responding to workers' attitudes and fears regarding coworkers with AIDS, managing the HIV-infected employee and approaches to prevention and control of AIDS. A glossary of terms, information sources and relevant guidelines reproduced in the appendices complete this guidebook making it a comprehensive reference to those involved in AIDS problems.
Van Nostrand Reinhold, 115 Fifth Avenue, New York 10003, USA, 1989. 305p. Bibl.ref. 8 appendices. Glossary. Index.
AIDS/HIV infection and employment: the role of occupational health services
Occupational health services need to be active in the development of local policies about AIDS/HIV and employment. Employment issues include the possible hazards from HIV-infected employees, which are more fears than real risks, and the problems faced by HIV-infected employees. Pre-employment HIV screening does not eliminate HIV from the workforce and involves much extra work. The occupational health service can be a source of confidential counselling for HIV-infected individuals and will need to advise on work fitness. HIV as a bar to certain jobs is difficult to justify. The problems relating to HIV infection at work are best dealt with by education of staff at all levels.
Journal of the Society of Occupational Medicine, Summer 1989, Vol.39, No.2, p.49-50. 6 ref.
Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and the occupational physician
This paper reviews the issues concerning occupational physicians in relation to HIV infection and AIDS, including the epidemiology and the indications for HIV antibody testing in employment. The role of the occupational physician in caring for employees infected with HIV and in educating the workforce is discussed.
Journal of the Society of Occupational Medicine, Summer 1989, Vol.39, No.2, p.45-48. 13 ref.
Doyle J.M.N., Bateman P.
Legionnaires' disease: 1. Managing Legionella - 2. Beware the bio-slime
Two articles on the source of Legionella pneumophila infection and on appropriate prevention methods.
Safety and Health Practitioner, July 1989, Vol.7, No.7, p.34-37.
Guy E.C., Bateman D.E., Martyn C.N., Heckels J.E., Lawton N.F.
Lyme disease: Prevalence and clinical importance of Borrelia burgdorferi specific IgG in forestry workers
41 forestry workers in the United Kingdom, who had a high occupational risk of tick-bites, were screened for antibodies to Borrelia burgdorferi by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) and Western blotting techniques, as well as being questioned about possible symptoms of Lyme disease. Antibodies were detected in 10 of the 40 men who had been bitten by ticks. Definite symptoms of the disease (in the form of erythema migrans) were reported by only 2 workers, and no-one had a history of neurological illness.
Lancet, 4 Mar. 1989, Vol.1, No.8636, p.484-486. Illus. 15 ref.
Ho M.S., Glass R.I., Monroe S.S., Madore H.P., Stine S., Pinsky P.F., Cubitt D., Ashley C., Caul E.O.
Viral gastroenteritis aboard a cruise ship
237 passengers (22%) and 28 crew members (3%) on a cruise ship were infected with viral gastroenteritis (vomiting and/or diarrhoea, abdominal cramps, headache, myalgia, fever) on a transatlantic crossing. Epidemiological findings indicate that vomitus was an important factor in the transmission of the disease, and therefore strategies for prevention of the disease should include protection against environmental contamination by viruses in airborne droplets or vomitus.
Lancet, 21 Oct. 1989, Vol.2, No.8669, p.961-965. Illus. 33 ref.
Risks associated with human parvovirus B19 infection
This is the 2nd part of a lead article from the MMWR (Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report) dealing with guidelines for isolation precautions in hospitals where B19-infected patients are being treated.
Journal of the American Medical Association, 17 Mar. 1989, Vol.261, No.11, p.1555-1563. 72 ref.
Sveriges officiella statistik, Statistiska centralbyrån, Arbetarskyddsstyrelsen
Occupational diseases 1985
Arbetssjukdomar 1985 [in Swedish]
This annual report of the Swedish Information System on Occupational Injuries (ISA) contains data collected on the basis of work injury insurance forms of the National Social Insurance Board. The first chapters cover comparison with earlier statistics, evaluation of the reported occupational diseases 1985, scope and contents of the statistics. A second part includes 9 tables presenting data on occupational diseases of employers and self-employed persons broken down by age, sex, employment status, branch of industry, and environmental cause of disease. Index to the tables by branch of industry and occupation. Also included: English table of contents; English summary describing the main trends and the Swedish Work Injury Insurance Act, 1977; Swedish-English list of terms and a work injury form.
Statistiska centralbyrån, Distributionen, 701 89 Örebro, Sweden, 1989. 141p. Illus.
Schwartz B.S., Goldstein M.D.
Lyme disease: A review for the occupational physician
Lyme disease, a multisystem illness caused by a spirochete (Borrelia burgdorferi) and transmitted to humans by ticks, is increasing in incidence. Outdoor workers in areas of endemic disease are at increased risk of infection. Increased recognition of this fact will be necessary to prevent the disease in working populations.
Journal of Occupational Medicine, Sep. 1989, Vol.31, No.9, p.735-742. Illus. 59 ref.
AIDS and the workplace: Medical and legal aspects
AIDS und Arbeitsplatz: Medizinische und rechtliche Aspekte [in German]
L'aids e il posto di lavoro: Aspetti medici e giuridici [in Italian]
SIDA et emploi: aspects médicaux et juridiques [in French]
Essential information on medical aspects of AIDS (basic facts, possibility of transmission in the workplace, first aid in the workplace, relations with seropositives and AIDS victims) and on the legal situation in Switzerland (right to work, seropositivity or overt AIDS as grounds for dismissal, possibility of employers' requiring screening for antibodies to human immunodeficiency virus, etc.). List of authorised offices and information centres.
AIDS Info-Doc Schweiz, Schauplatzgasse 26, Boîte postale, 3001 Berne, Switzerland, 1989. 21p. 9 ref.
Von Polenz H.A.
Lyme disease, the new disease spread by ticks
Lyme-Borreliose - die "neue" Zeckenbisskrankheit [in German]
Lyme disease is transmitted by ticks (Ixodes dammini). It is caused by spirochaetal infection with Borrelia burgdorferi. The disease poses a danger to forest workers in Germany (Fed.Rep.) as this kind of tick is found in forests all over the country. The three stages of the disease are described. Recommended prophylactic measures include the use of insect repellants and covering the arms and legs by clothing.
Sicherheit im öffentlichen Dienst, 1989, Vol.17, No.1, p.4-6. Illus.
Prevention of transmission of human immunodeficiency virus and hepatitis 'B' virus
This curriculum guide, or course of study, is designed to meet the training and education needs of public safety and emergency medical workers who may be exposed on the job to human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and hepatitis B virus (HBV). This curriculum guide is based on US federal guidelines for preventing occupational transmission or spreading of HIV and HBV among worker groups. These include public safety workers (fire service, law enforcement, and correctional facility personnel) and emergency-medical workers (emergency-medical technicians and paramedics).
National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, 4676 Columbia Parkway, Cincinnati, OH 45226, USA, Feb. 1989. 14p. Bibl.
Contents of this data sheet: symptoms; causes; first identification of source; prevention; sources of advice; domestic risk.
United Trade Press Limited, 33-35 Bowling Green Lane, London EC1R 0DA, United Kingdom, June 1989. p.G:23:1-G:23:7.
Guidelines for prevention of transmission of human immunodeficiency virus and hepatitis B virus to health-care and public-safety workers. A response to P.L. 100-607. The Health Omnibus Programs Extension Act of 1988
This document provides an overview of the modes of transmission of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and hepatitis B virus in the workplace, an assessment of the risk of transmission under various assumptions, principles underlying the control of risk, and specific risk-control recommendations for employers and workers. It also includes information on the medical management of persons who have sustained an exposure at the workplace to these viruses. The guidelines are intended for use by a technically informed audience to reduce the risk in the workplace of becoming infected with the aetiologic agents for acquired immunodeficiency syndrome and hepatitis B infection.
U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Public Health Service, Centers for Disease Control, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, 4647 Columbia Parkway, Cincinnati, OH 45226, USA, 1989. 46p. Bibl. Appendices.
A curriculum guide for public-safety and emergency-response workers. Prevention of transmission of human immunodeficiency virus and hepatitis B virus
This curriculum guide designed to meet the training and education needs of public safety workers (fire service, law enforcement, and correctional facility personnel) and emergency medical workers (emergency-medical technicians and paramedicals) who may be exposed on the job to human immuno-deficiency virus (HIV) and hepatitis B virus (HBV) is based on federal guidelines for preventing occupational transmission, or spread, of HIV and HBV among worker groups. Contents: information about this curriculum guide, tips for trainers, preventing transmission of HIV and HBV (lecture outline), case studies, resources, glossary, guidelines for the prevention of transmission of human immunodeficiency virus and hepatitis B virus to health-care workers and public-safety workers, overhead transparencies.
U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Public Health Service, Centres for Disease Control, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH), 4647 Columbia Parkway, Cincinnati, OH 45226, USA, 1989. Bibl. Appendices.
Low molecular weight chemicals, hypersensitivity, and direct toxicity: the acid anhydrides
The acid anhydrides are a group of reactive chemicals used widely in alkyd and epoxy resins. The major hazards to health are mucosal and skin irritation and sensitisation of the respiratory tract. Most cases of occupational asthma caused by acid anhydrides appear to be immunologically mediated. Immunological mechanisms are proposed to explain an influenza-like syndrome and pulmonary haemorrhage, but direct toxicity may also be important in the aetiology of these conditions.
British Journal of Industrial Medicine, Apr. 1989, Vol.46, No.4, p.222-232. Illus. 112 ref.
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