Bacterial and parasitic diseases - 1,362 entries found
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Notification No.820 of 1997: List of occupational diseases [Denmark]
Bekendtgřrelse om fortegnelse over erhvervssygdomme [in Danish]
This Notification entered into force 1 December 1997. Topics: classification; Denmark; infectious diseases; ionizing radiation; law; occupational diseases; schedule of occupational diseases; toxic substances.
Lovtidende A, 3 Nov. 1997, Vol.163, p.4472-4489.
Boudreau A.Y., Baron S.L., Steenland N.K., Van Gilder T.J., Decker J.A., Galson S.K., Seitz T.
Occupational risk of Mycobacterium tuberculosis infection in hospital workers
Topics: cohort study; contagion; health care personnel; hospitals; infection control; tuberculin test; tuberculosis; USA.
American Journal of Industrial Medicine, Nov. 1997, Vol.32, No.5, p.528-534. Illus. 22 ref.
Boyd C., Bain P.
Beyond crash survivability
Topics: abortion; air filtration; air transport; air-conditioned premises; aircraft pilots; aircraft; biological hazards; cancer; complications of pregnancy; conditions of work; cosmic rays; dehydration; economic aspects; health hazards; infectious diseases; ozone; work-rest schedules.
Occupational Safety and Health, Oct. 1997, Vol.27, No.10, p.33-39. Illus. 11 ref.
Keller-Byrne J.E., Khuder S.A., Schaub E.A., McAfee O.
A meta-analysis of non-Hodgkin's lymphoma among farmers in the central United States
Topics: agricultural operations; epidemiologic study; infectious diseases; literature survey; lymphoma; microorganisms; pesticides; risk factors; USA.
American Journal of Industrial Medicine, Apr. 1997, Vol.31, No.4, p.442-444. 11 ref.
Ross A.G.P., Yuesheng L., Sleigh A.S., Yi L., Williams G.M., Wu W.Z., Xinsong L., Yongkang H., McManus D.P.
Epidemiologic features of Schistosoma japonicum among fishermen and other occupational groups in the Dongting Lake region (Hunan Province) of China
Topics: age-linked differences; China; diarrhoea; epidemiologic study; fishing; frequency rates; hepatomegalia; morbidity; parasitic diseases; schistosomiasis; sex-linked differences.
American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene, 1997, Vol.57, No.3, p.302-308. Illus. 35 ref.
Guidance on the investigation of one or more cases of legionellosis
Guide d'investigation d'un ou plusieurs cas de légionellose [in French]
Topics: air conditioner disease; air conditioning; bacteria; cooling systems; data sheet; diagnosis; epidemiological aspects; France; hazard evaluation; hot-water heating systems; infection control; legionellosis; medical supervision; sampling and analysis; threshold limit values.
Documents pour le médecin du travail, 3rd Quarter 1997, No.71, p.223-235. Illus. 8 ref.
Launey A., Abadia G.
Topical zoonoses - XXIVth national symposium of agricultural medicine
Les zoonoses d'actualité - XXIVe Symposium national de médecine agricole en France [in French]
Topics: agriculture; bacterial diseases; conference; contagion; diagnosis; epidemiological aspects; France; infectious diseases; virus diseases; zoonoses.
Documents pour le médecin du travail, 4th Quarter 1997, No.72, p.371-378.
Clavel T., Fleury L., N'Guyen M.T., Abiteboul D., Berlie C., Bonnet N., Domart M., Pernet M., Touche S., Leprince A.
Infection risk in medical laboratories
Risques infectieux dans les laboratoires d'analyses médicales [in French]
Topics: biological hazards; France; health associate professionals; health care personnel; hospitals; infection control; infectious diseases; job study; laboratory work; occupational health survey; personal protective equipment; risk factors; safe working methods.
Documents pour le médecin du travail, 4th Quarter 1997, No.72, p.347-355. Illus. 13 ref.
International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC)
IARC monographs on the evaluation of carcinogenic risks to humans - Epstein-Barr virus and Kaposi's sarcoma herpesvirus/human herpesvirus 8
Topics: cancer; carcinogens; criteria document; determination in biological matter; epidemiologic study; Hodgkin's disease; IARC; immunology; infectious diseases; Kaposi's sarcoma; literature survey; lymphoma; nasal cancer; pharyngeal cancer; viruses; WHO.
World Health Organization, Distribution and Sales Service, 1211 Genčve 27, Switzerland, 1997. xiii, 524p. Illus. Bibl.ref. Price: CHF 80.00.
Lum D., Mason Z., Meyer-Rochow G., Neveldson G.B., Siriwardena M., Turner P., Firth H.
Needle stick injuries in country general practice
Topics: biological hazards; frequency rates; health care personnel; infection control; infectious hepatitis; New Zealand; questionnaire survey; vaccination.
New Zealand Medical Journal, Apr. 1997, Vol.110, p.122-125. 26 ref.
Cardo D.M., Culver D.H., Ciesielski C.A., Srivastava P.U., Marcus R., Abiteboul D., Heptonstall J., Ippolito G., Lot F., McKibben P.S., Bell D.M.
A case-control study of HIV seroconversion in health care workers after percutaneous exposure
Topics: zidovudine; case-control study; health care personnel; immunodeficiency syndrome; prophylaxis; risk factors; virus diseases.
New England Journal of Medicine, Nov. 1997, Vol.337, No.21, p.1485-1490. 26 ref.
Proposal of guidelines for preventing the transmission of tuberculosis in health care workers. Application of DLGS 626/94 and successive modifications
Proposta di protocollo per la prevenzione della trasmissione della tubercolosi tra i lavoratori della sanitŕ. In applicazione al DLGS 626/94 e successive modificazioni [in Italian]
Topics: contagion; hazard evaluation; health care personnel; high-risk groups; hospitals; infection control; Italy; medical supervision; tuberculin test; tuberculosis; vaccination.
Medicina del lavoro, May-June 1997, Vol.88, No.3, p.237-249. Illus. 26 ref.
Jost M., Francioli P., Iten A., Jost J., Cartier B., Rüegger M.
Prevention of blood-borne infections in the health care sector
Verhütung blutübertragbarer Infektionen im Gesundheitswesen [in German]
Prévention des maladies infectieuses transmises par voie sanguine dans le secteur sanitaire [in French]
Topics: biological hazards; blood; exposure evaluation; hepatitis; hospitals; immunodeficiency syndrome; industrial nurses; industrial nursing services; infection control; infectious diseases; occupational medicine; protective gloves; safety guides; Switzerland; vaccination; virus diseases.
Schweizerische Unfallversicherungsanstalt (SUVA), Postfach, 6002 Luzern, Switzerland, 4th ed. (German), Dec. 1997. 95p. Illus. 81 ref.
Jost M., Cartier B., Rüegger M., Jost J., Iten A., Francioli P.
Prevention of blood-borne infections
Verhütung blutübertragbarer Infektionen [in German]
Topics: biological hazards; blood; domestic and related helpers, cleaners; hepatitis; infection control; infectious diseases; injection injuries; police forces; prison services; protective gloves; refuse collection; safety guides; Switzerland; vaccination.
Schweizerische Unfallversicherungsanstalt (SUVA), Postfach, 6002 Luzern, Switzerland, 1st ed., Dec. 1997. 34p. Illus. 18 ref.
Royal Decree 1621/1997 approving Regulations on the enforcement of international standards relating to safety at sea, pollution control, and living and working conditions on foreign ships using ports or installations situated in Spanish waters [Spain]
Real Decreto 1621/1997 por el que se aprueba el Reglamento para el control del cumplimiento de la normativa internacional sobre seguridad marítima, prevención de la contaminación y condiciones de vida y trabajo en los buques extranjeros que utilicen puertos o instalaciones situadas en aguas jurisdiccionales espańolas [Espańa] [in Spanish]
This Royal Decree (entry into force 5 Nov. 1997) implements the requirements of Directives 95/21/EC and 96/40/EC relating to safety at sea, pollution control and living and working conditions on board ships (CIS 95-1561). Topics: conditions of work; infectious diseases; inspection records; labour inspection; law; role of labour inspection; sea transport; ships; Spain.
Boletín Oficial del Estado, 4 Nov. 1997, No.264, p.31795-31804.
Rabaud C., Guillemin F., Mur J.M., Blech M.F.
Study of the attitude of health care workers facing occupational exposure to blood
Etude du comportement du personnel hospitalier face aux accidents avec exposition au sang [in French]
Topics: behaviour study; France; health care personnel; hospitals; immunodeficiency syndrome; infectious hepatitis; injection injuries; nursing personnel; questionnaire survey.
Archives des maladies professionnelles et de médecine du travail, 1997, Vol.58, No.6, p.512-521. Illus. 9 ref.
Health and Safety Commission
Health and safety statistics 1996/97
Topics: chemical hazards; dangerous occurrences; enforcement; fatalities; infectious diseases; injuries; location of injury; occupational accidents; occupational diseases; report; statistical trends; statistics; types of accident; United Kingdom.
HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk, CO10 6FS, United Kingdom, 1997. viii, 199p. Illus. 18 ref. Price: 15.00.
Barnhart S., Sheppard L., Beaudet N., Stover B., Balmes J.
Tuberculosis in health care settings and the estimated benefits of engineering controls and respiratory protection
Topics: contagion; hazard evaluation; health care personnel; mathematical models; respirators; tuberculin test; tuberculosis; USA.
Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Sep. 1997, Vol.39, No.9, p.849-854. 34 ref.
Actions to be undertaken by health workers in the event of an accident involving exposure to blood
Conduite ŕ tenir chez un professionnel de la santé en cas d'accident avec exposition au sang [in French]
This article is aimed at health workers potentially exposed to HIV and includes preventive measures and the course of action to follow in the event of accidental exposure to blood. The importance of proper information and first aid, and the effectiveness of prompt chemo-prophylaxy in the event of accidental blood exposure are emphasised. Practical advice is given.
Médecine et travail, Dec. 1997, Vol.174, No.4, p.48-54. Illus.
Burke S., Madan I.
Contamination incidents among doctors and midwives: Reasons for non-reporting and knowlege of risks
A 6-month retrospective study of 384 doctors and 293 midwives at two hospitals revealed that only 9% of doctors and 46% of midwives had reported the contamination incidents they had received. The doctors' main reason for non-reporting was that it was too time consuming; midwives felt that nothing could be done, although they were aware of the services offered by occupational health departments. 77% of doctors and 69% of midwives underestimated the risk of contracting hepatitis B virus from a needlestick injury. Strategies for improving knowledge of potential risks and methods for facilitating ease of reporting are outlined.
Occupational Medicine, Aug. 1997, Vol.47, No.6, p.357-360. 19 ref.
Chen G.X., et al.
Tuberculosis mortality and silica exposure: A case-control study based on a national mortality database for the years 1983-1992
Data from the U.S. National Occupational Mortality Surveillance database for 1983-1992 were analyzed. Odds ratios (ORs) for mortality from respiratory tuberculosis (TB) associated with potential high and intermediate exposures to silica were 1.30 and 1.07 respectively, adjusting for silicosis, other pneumoconioses, age, gender, race, socioeconomic status and potential exposure to active TB. The elevated OR was seen in all subgroups: male, female, white and black. Potential exposure to silica alone, in the absence of silicosis, is associated with respiratory TB mortality, with a dose-response relationship.
International Journal of Occupational and Environmental Health, July/Sep. 1997, Vol.3, No.3, p.163-170. Illus. 44 ref.
Lenhart S.W., et al.
Histoplasmosis - Protecting workers at risk
This booklet describes the nature and causes of histoplasmosis, an infectious disease caused by inhaling spores of the fungus Histoplasma capsulatum. The fungus grows in soils, especially those enriched with bird or bat manure. Precautions should be taken by workers who may be in contact with contaminated soil or manure. Guidance is given on the selection of appropriate respirators for protection against inhalation exposure to airborne dust containing the fungus. Summary in Spanish.
Publications Dissemination, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, 4676 Columbia Parkway, Cincinnati, OH 45226-1998, USA, Sep. 1997. vi, 28p. 106 ref.
Hepatitis B and health-care workers
This brief communication looks at the transmission of hepatitis B virus from health care workers to patients. A recent report provides convincing evidence of transmission of the virus from a surgeon who was HBsAg positive but HBeAg negative. This suggests that modifications may be needed to existing guidelines which require no change in work practices for health care workers who are HBeAg negative.
Lancet, May 1997, Vol.349, No.9062, p.1339-1340. 6 ref.
Houang E.T.S., Hurley R.
Anonymous questionnaire survey on the knowledge and practices of hospital staff in infection control
A questionnaire survey of 19 hospital medical staff and 56 nursing staff revealed that nurses were significantly more familiar with all written policies and procedures of infection control than were physicians. They were also more likely to seek advice in situations where there were no written guidelines. Many hospital staff were uncertain about the practical details of written policies and procedures. Better ways to educate and motivate staff to comply with infection control measures are required.
Journal of Hospital Infection, Apr. 1997, Vol.35, No.4, p.301-306. 7 ref.
McLean W., et al.
Risk associated with occupational glass injury in bar staff with special consideration of hepatitis B infection
In a survey of 91 bar staff workers, 74% reported hand injuries from broken glassware at work and 55% reported occupational skin contact with body fluids. Tests for the presence of hepatitis B surface antigen and core antibody (anti-HBc) showed that these workers were not at increased risk for this infection (anti-HBc prevalence 1.1%). However, this level of injury experience and exposure to body fluids represents a potential risk of infection. Hepatitis B immunization should be considered for these workers.
Occupational Medicine, Apr. 1997, Vol.47, No.3, p.147-150. Illus. 11 ref.
Zuckerman J.N., et al.
Immune response to a new hepatitis B vaccine in healthcare workers who had not responded to standard vaccine: Randomized double blind dose-response study
The immunogenicity and reactogenicity of a new recombinant hepatitis B vaccine was evaluated in a cohort of 100 health care workers in whom currently licensed hepatitis B vaccines had not induced an immune response. 69 subjects seroconverted after a single dose of the new vaccine. After the booster vaccination, one other subject seroconverted, bringing the overall seroconversion rate to 70%. Factors affecting the immune response are discussed along with guidelines for immunization.
British Medical Journal, Feb. 1997, Vol.314, No.7077, p.329-333. 32 ref.
Nelsing S., et al.
Incidence and risk factors of occupational blood exposure: A nation-wide survey among Danish doctors
In a nation-wide survey of hospital employed doctors in Denmark, the highest risk of occupational blood exposure was found in general surgery, neurosurgery, obstetrics-gynaecology and orthopaedic surgery. Only 35% of the respondents adhered to the basic principles of universal precautions and non-compliance was associated with a considerably increased risk of exposure, especially in non-surgical specialties. An unacceptably high incidence of occupational blood exposures was found among these doctors.
European Journal of Epidemiology, Jan. 1997, Vol.13, No.1, p.1-8. Illus. 23 ref.
Rivero-Rodriguez L., et al.
Exposure assessment for workers applying DDT to control malaria in Veracruz, Mexico
Chronic occupational exposure was studied in a group of 331 workers employed in spraying houses with DDT to control malaria vectors in the state of Veracruz, Mexico. Exposure was directly estimated for a subgroup of 40 workers by measuring DDT metabolites in adipose tissue samples and indirectly estimated for 331 workers using a questionnaire to determine their occupational history. High levels of DDT were observed in adipose tissue, highlighting the need for exposure prevention programs. The use of indirect measures of DDT exposure in epidemiologic studies of health effects is discussed.
Environmental Health Perspectives, Jan. 1997, Vol.105, No.1, p.98-101. 27 ref.
Health and Safety Executive (HSE)
Anthrax: Safe working and the prevention of infection
This guidance document supersedes EH 23, published in 1979 (see CIS 80-166). Main topics covered: background information (anthrax is a potentially fatal infection caused by the bacterium Bacillus anthracis, spread from animals to man; the main reservoirs of the disease are domestic ungulates like cattle, horses etc. in certain parts of the developing world; the disease is spread primarily through skin lesions, inhalation and ingestion); prevalence of the disease (most common in Turkey, southeast Asia and West Africa); occupations and processes where anthrax presents a risk (occupations dealing with infected animals, infected animal material and a contaminated environment); risk assessment; control measures against anthrax infection. In appendices: relevant legislation in the UK; clinical features of anthrax; assessment and control of anthrax risks in the importation, transport and storage of textile fibres.
HSE Books, P.O.Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 6FS, United Kingdom, 1997. iv, 36p. Illus. Price: GBP 7.50.
Health and Safety Executive (HSE)
Health and safety on floating fish farm installations
This safety and health brochure gives advice on the design, construction and safe use of floating fish farm installations including fish pens or cages, gangways, vehicle ways, land access ways, shelters and associated equipment. Main topics covered: construction and maintenance of installations; provision of guardrails, foot rails and safe working surfaces; safety and rescue equipment; clothing for wet and/or cold weather; shelter; light; electricity; lifting operations and manual handling; welfare facilities; first aid; health risks (dust, veterinary medicines, leptospirosis); diving operations; training and supervision; navigation markers; boats; relevant legislation.
HSE Books, P.O.Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 6FS, United Kingdom, 1997. 14p. Illus.
These 12 chapters in a major new survey of OSH examine selected health and safety issues in the service sector: overview of health issues and the service professions; the indoor environment (indoor air quality, physical factors, sick building syndrome, stress); health care professionals; dental work (mercury exposure); laboratory work; school teaching; theatres and opera houses; music noise in work and the environment; safety aspects of professional sports; military work environment in peacetime; waste management.
In: The Workplace (by Brune D. et al., eds), Scandinavian Science Publisher as, Bakkehaugveien 16, 0873 Oslo, Norway, 1997, Vol.2, p.1-171. Illus. Bibl.ref.
Occupational hygiene: Physical, chemical and biological factors
These 21 chapters in a major new survey of OSH examine selected issues in occupational hygiene: overview of occupational hygiene practice (preventive action at the planning stage, recognition, evaluation and control of hazards, programme maintenance); exposure limit values and sampling strategies; air pollutants (lung deposition and clearance); fibres; biomonitoring; heavy metal exposure in and around smelters; sick building syndrome; off-gassing from building materials; radiation; noise and vibration; workplace lighting; electromagnetic fields associated with mobile phones and with power production; radiation sources in industry; chemical and biological health risks; carcinogenic substances; organic solvents; gases; microbiological hazards; plant materials and vegetable dust.
In: The Workplace (by Brune D. et al., eds), Scandinavian Science Publisher as, Bakkehaugveien 16, 0873 Oslo, Norway, 1997, Vol.1, p.389-681. Illus. Bibl.ref.
Health and Safety Commission, Advisory Committee on Dangerous Pathogens
Infection risks to new and expectant mothers in the workplace: A guide for employers
Contents of this guide: how infections occur; possible effects of infections in pregnancy; occupations at risk (contact with human blood and body fluids, infected animals, laboratory cultures, water or food contaminated by human or animal faeces); responsibilities of employers and employees; control measures (immunization, information and training); sources of advice. In appendices: legislation; list of infectious microbes, their source, effects in pregnancy, and control measures.
HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 6FS, United Kingdom, 1997. iv, 38p. 14 ref. Index. Price: GBP 10.50.
Health and Safety Executive (HSE)
Working safely with research animals: Management of infection risks
Recommendations for the prevention of infections due to contact with laboratory animals. Contents: survey of the hazards (with a table presenting the specific diseases (zoonoses) spread by different species of laboratory animals); control measures - containment and operating procedures; Animal Containment Levels 1-4; decontamination and waste disposal. In appendices: legislation (in the UK) and local rules; information, instruction and training; emergency procedures; genetic modification; containment of invertebrates.
HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 6FS, United Kingdom, July 1997. vi, 55p. 17 ref. Price: GBP 7.95.
O'Sullivan J.D., et al.
Fatal encephalitis due to novel paramyxovirus transmitted from horses
A case study is presented of a man who developed aseptic meningitic illness shortly after caring for two horses that died from equine morbillivirus (EMV) infection. He also assisted at their necropsies without using a protective mask or gloves. 13 months later, he suffered severe encephalitis, characterized by uncontrolled focal and generalized epileptic activity. He died 14 days after hospitalization. The results of serology, electron microscopy, and immunohistochemistry suggest that EMV was the cause of the encephalitis.
Lancet, 11 Jan. 1997, Vol.349, No.9045, p.93-95. Illus. 5 ref.
Gandsman E.J., Aaslestad H.G., Ouimet T.C., Rupp W.D.
Sabia virus incident at Yale University
An incident is described in which a research scientist was exposed to a newly isolated arenavirus, Sabia virus, while purifying the virus from a large volume of tissue culture fluid. The researcher was working in a laboratory which met the standard biosafety requirements. The exposure resulted in development of a Sabia virus infection from which the patient recovered. Following a safety review, a number of new practices and procedures were added to the university's biosafety policy.
American Industrial Hygiene Association Journal, Jan. 1997, Vol.58, No.1, p.51-53. 4 ref.
Hanrahan A., Reutter L.
A critical review of the literature on sharps injuries: Epidemiology, management of exposures and prevention
Literature review on the epidemiology, management and prevention of sharps injuries in health care workers, particularly nurses. The problem is of special importance because of the increasing evidence of a small, but measurable, risk of the transmission of human immunodeficiency virus through sharps injuries. A retrospective survey of the factors related to these injuries was conducted, primarily in hospital settings. The authors point out the need to investigate the organizational and behavioural factors both in hospitals and in other health care settings.
Journal of Advanced Nursing, Jan. 1997, Vol.25, No.1, p.144-154. Illus. 130 ref.
Yi Q., Zhang Z.
The survival analyses of 2738 patients with simple pneumoconiosis
To explore whether the inhalation of coal mine dust increases the risk of premature death in miners, a survival analysis was conducted in a cohort of 2738 patients with simple pneumoconiosis in the Huai-Bei coal mine in China. During a follow up period (mean 8yrs) 3.2% of patients with simple pneumoconiosis developed progressive massive fibrosis (PMF). The patients with PMF presented higher age specific mortalities than those remaining in a state of simple pneumoconiosis (SMR: 3.42). After adjustment for tuberculosis and duration of work, the relative risk (RR) of premature death due to development of PMF was 2.4. Tuberculosis was found to be a main risk factor which not only facilitated premature death (RR=2.0), but was also a strong facilitator for development of PMF (RR=7.0). Also, a long term of work underground and drilling as a main job were identified as risk factors for development of PMF.
Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Feb. 1996, Vol.53, No.2, p.129-135. 30 ref.
Health and Safety Executive
The good health pack - An essential guide to occupational health in agriculture, horticulture and forestry
Topics: agriculture; back disorders; chemical safety; crop protection; dermatitis; economic aspects; forestry; hand-arm vibration; hazard evaluation; health engineering; health hazards; hearing loss; horticulture; infection control; infectious diseases; legislation; manual handling; medical supervision; mental health; mental stress; noise control; noise level; pesticides; plant health organization; respiratory diseases; risk factors; sensitization; skin cancer; skin diseases; training manuals; training material; United Kingdom; upper extremity disorders; whole-body vibration; zoonoses.
HSE Books, PO Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk Co10 6FS, United-Kingdom, 1996. 106p. Illus. Bibl.ref. Price: GBP 49.95.
Aguilar Morales I.
Working and health conditions of banana plantation workers of the canton of Pococí, Limón
Condiciones laborales y de salud del trabajador bananero, Cantón de Pococí, Limón [in Spanish]
Topics: agriculture; conditions of work; Costa Rica; developing countries; economic aspects; malaria; occupational accidents; occupational health survey; occupational hygiene; pesticide poisoning; plantations; social aspects; statistical aspects.
Ministerio de Salud, Departamento de registro y control de sustancias tóxicas y medicina del trabajo, San José, Costa Rica, 1996. 88p. Illus. 28 ref.
Occupational exposure to bloodborne pathogens
Topics: biological hazards; exposure records; housekeeping; immunodeficiency syndrome; infection control; infectious diseases; infectious hepatitis; information of personnel; legislation; medical supervision; personal protective equipment; USA; vaccination; warning notices.
U.S. Department of Labor, Occupational Safety and Health Administration, Publications Office, 200 Constitution Avenue, NW, Washington D.C. 20210, USA, 1996. 25p. Illus. 14 ref.
Muńoz Muńoz A.
Working conditions and hygiene in cheese production
Condiciones de trabajo y salud en la fabricación de quesos [in Spanish]
Topics: allergic alveolitis; brucellosis; conditions of work; dairy industry; falls on the level; fire hazards; food industry; mechanical hazards; safety checks; small enterprises; Spain; survey.
Salud y trabajo, 1996, No.116, p.4-9. Illus. 3 ref.
Gestal Otero J.J., Takkouche E.B., Figueiras Guzman A., Rodriguez Miguez L.
Occupational hazards within government administration offices
Riesgos del trabajo en la administración [in Spanish]
Topics: air space per person; conditions of work; extrinsic allergic alveolitis; government services; health hazards; human relations; legionellosis; lighting; mass psychogenic illness; office equipment; office work; sick building syndrome; thermal environment; ventilation; work posture; workplace design.
Medicina y seguridad del trabajo, 1996, Vol.XLIII, No.171, p.71-86. 22 ref.
Preventing bloodborne disease
Topics: infection control; infectious diseases; personal protective equipment; training material; USA; videotape; virus diseases.
Tel-A-Train, 309 North Market Street, P.O. Box 4752, Chattanooga, TN 37405, USA, 1996. Videotape (length 18min). Price: USD 410.00, employee's guide USD 3.50.
Hamzaoui A., Megdiche M., Hassine E., Chabbou A.
Tuberculosis and health care personnel
Tuberculose et personnel de santé [in French]
Risk of nosocomial transmission of tuberculosis among healthcare workers taking care of HIV infected patients in Tunisia. Topics: air filtration; health care personnel; hospitals; immunodeficiency syndrome; implementation of control measures; infectious diseases; safety and health training; tuberculosis; Tunisia; ultraviolet radiation; vaccination; ventilation.
SST - Santé et Sécurité au Travail, Oct. 1996, No.1, p.17-20, 17 ref.
Starzyński Z., Marek K., Kujawska A., Szymczak W.
Mortality among different occupational groups of workers with pneumoconiosis: Results from a register-based cohort study
Topics: coal mining; epidemiologic study; foundries; lung cancer; mortality; occupation disease relation; ore reduction; pneumoconiosis; Poland; pottery industry; quarrying industry; refractories; respiratory diseases; tuberculosis; underground work.
American Journal of Industrial Medicine, Dec. 1996, Vol.30, No.6, p.718-725. 35 ref.
Infectious diseases and the mining industry
Topics: arthropoda; Australia; hookworm infections; infectious diseases; lung diseases; malaria; mining industry; sporotrichosis; viruses.
Journal of Occupational Health and Safety - Australia and New Zealand, Dec. 1996, Vol.12, No.6, p.725-729.
Schmid K., Weber A.
Hazard of infection with Helicobacter pylori in the health services
Berufliche Infektionsgefährdung durch Helicobacter pylori im Gesundheitsdienst [in German]
Helicobacter pylori are pathogenic bacteria which can cause gastritis, ulceration of the mucous membrane of the stomach and stomach carcinoma. This literature survey reveals that personnel in gastroenterological clinics and nursing personnel may face a higher infection risk with Helicobacter pylori. Endoscopes, gastric secretion and faeces appear to be the main sources of infection. Because present results of epidemiologic studies are contradictory and inconclusive, inclusion of Helicobacter pylori infections in the list of occupational diseases is considered premature. Further studies are recommended.
Arbeitsmedizin - Sozialmedizin - Umweltmedizin, May 1996, Vol.31, No.5, p.203-209. 44 ref.
Health and Safety Commission
Health and Safety Commission health and safety statistics 1995/96
Part 1 of this report presents and comments on British statistics relating to injuries, dangerous occurrences, gas safety and enforcement action: injuries by severity; injuries to employees, to the self-employed and to members of the public; dangerous occurrences; incidents relating to the supply and use of flammable gas; dangerous gas fitting notifications; enforcement notices and prosecutions. Data are presented for the years 1986/87 to 1994/95 with some provisional figures for 1995/96. Includes a report on injury rates in different industries. Part 2 covers statistics on occupational ill-health: sources of information; general overview of work-related illness; causes and kinds of diseases (chemical, physical, biological and other hazards).
HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 6FS, United Kingdom, 1996. viii, 160p. 15 ref. Price: GBP 13.50.
Health and Safety Executive
Cattle associated leptospirosis and human health
This data sheet outlines the United Kingdom legal requirements for controlling the risk of cattle associated leptospirosis in humans, describes how the disease may be transmitted to humans, and provides guidance on precautions: assessing and controlling the risk; personal protective equipment; personal hygiene; correct design of milking parlours; reporting of incidents.
HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 6FS, United Kingdom, Dec. 1996. 2p. 3 ref.
Vaccination against Japanese encephalitis by an industrial physician
Pratique de la vaccination contre l'encéphalite japonaise en médecine du travail [in French]
Japanese encephalitis, a disease transmitted by mosquito bite, is endemic in many countries of South-East Asia. The disease may be fatal or have severe neurological after-effects. The vaccine against it has not yet received marketing authorization in France. It is now however possible to obtain temporary authorization from the French Agency for the evaluation of medicinal products. The author, who is an industrial physician practising in France, has thus been able to vaccinate seven workers, who were to work as expatriates in China for a period of several months. The results of an inquiry on the needs of industrial physicians in a French region concerning vaccination against Japanese encephalitis are presented.
Archives des maladies professionnelles et de médecine du travail, Oct. 1996, Vol.57, No.6, p.454-457. 5 ref.
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