Zoonoses - 231 entries found
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Rabies - A summary of the occupational health concern
This data sheet covers: what is and what causes rabies; latent period; source; how common in Canada; how do infections occur; occupations at risk; signs of the disease; laboratory tests; treatment; protection of workers; precautions for control; immunisation for workers; workplace hygiene recommendations.
Canadian Centre for Occupational Health and Safety, 250 Main Street East, Hamilton, Ontario L8N 1H6, Canada, Mar. 1988. 9p.
Kyeremanteng S., Jones E.T.
Safety guide for farming
Methods of avoiding accidents and injuries in the handling of machinery livestock, chemicals and other dangerous elements of the farm operation, such as deep water and electricity, are presented. Statistical charts are included. Revision of the document abstracted under CIS 85-2013.
Alberta Agriculture, Farm Safety Program, Edmonton, Alberta, 1987. 52p. Illus. 13 ref.
XIV National Agricultural Medicine Symposium: Parasitic diseases in French agriculture today
XIVe Symposium national de médecine agricole "L'actualité sur les maladies d'origine parasitaire en milieu agricole en France" [in French]
Conference held at Tours, France, 3 Apr. 1987. The parasitic diseases which agricultural workers are subject to, and the evolution of the risk of parasitic disease over time are discussed under the headings: parasitic zoonoses; occupational mycoses; the principal helminthic zoonoses in France today; human babesiasis; hypersensitivity to insects in the rural environment; Lyme disease; immunology in parasitology; trends in diagnosis and prevention.
Documents pour le médecin du travail, 4th Quarter 1987, No.32, p.309-316.
Q Fever - A summary of the occupational health concern
Synthèse sur une maladie susceptible d'affecter les travailleurs - La fièvre Q [in French]
This review covers: the disease and its causes; length of time for development; how common in Canada; sources in the workplace (animals, dust); how do infections occur; which workers are at risk; symptoms (sub-clinical, acute, chronic forms); tests available; treatment; prevention of spread; vaccination; personal precautions; workplace hygiene.
Canadian Centre for Occupational Health and Safety, 250 Main Street East, Hamilton L8N 1H6, Ontario, Canada, Dec. 1987. 9p. Bibl.
Choudat D., Le Goff C., Delemotte B., Paul G., Mady V., Fages J., Conso F.
Occupational exposure to animals and antibodies against Pasteurella multocida
The relation between occupational exposure to cattle and prevalence of antibodies against the coccobacillus Pasteurella multocida was evaluated in 680 workers. Three groups of exposed workers in slaughterhouses (S), industrial breeding (I), and traditional breeding (T) were compared with control workers not exposed to cattle or chickens (C). The prevalence of antibodies against capsular antigen A was significantly higher in the exposed groups (S:26.2%; I:29.0%; T:32.1%) than in the control group (C:14.0%). The prevalence of antibodies against one or more somatic antigens 1,2,3,7,8, or 9 was higher in the exposed groups. There was also a significant relation between antibodies against capsular antigen A and contacts with pets. This high prevalence of antibodies suggests that infection is frequently subclinical, and that it is not only associated with pets but also with occupational exposure.
British Journal of Industrial Medicine, Dec. 1987, Vol.44, No.12, p.829-833. Illus. 13 ref.
Bongers P., Houthuijs D., Remijn B., Brouwer R., Biersteker K.
Lung function and respiratory symptoms in pig farmers
Pulmonary function tests and a questionnaire for respiratory symptoms were used in a pilot study to investigate the health effects of swine confinement work on the respiratory tract. Data were gathered for 132 owners of fattening, breeding, or closed pig farms. All measured pulmonary function values, except the FVC, were on average lower than the reference values of the European Committee for Coal and Steel. About 28% of the farmers had respiratory or flu-like symptoms after confinement work; 14% reported symptoms 4-8h after work. For the fattening farm the following elements of confinement management were negatively correlated with pulmonary function: fully slatted floor, an automatic feeding system, natural ventilation, and the use of dust masks. A significant association between lung disease in pigs and reduced pulmonary function in pig farmers was observed.
British Journal of Industrial Medicine, Dec. 1987, Vol.44, No.12, p.819-823. 25 ref.
Curtes J.P., Cantineau A., Beaudouin L., Coton J., Jouffe E., Verger C.
Serological investigation of human brucellosis in abattoir workers in the Department of Ille-et-Vilaine (France)
Enquête sérologique sur la brucellose humaine parmi le personnel d'un abattoir d'Ille-et-Vilaine [in French]
Results of an investigation conducted between Jan. 1980 and Jan. 1981 involving 94 abattoir workers and 108 controls. Three comparative immunological tests were performed: the Wright sero-agglutination test, the complement fixation test and the buffered antigen or rose bengal test. Results are presented in a tabular format. They demonstrate that there is a significantly high incidence of brucellosis among the workers of the abattoir, in particular among those who remove bones and offal from carcasses.
Documents pour le médecin du travail, 2nd Quarter 1987, No.30, p.109-111. 1 ref.
Leprince A., Beaudouin L.
Brucellosis and its prevention
La brucellose et sa prévention [in French]
Contents of this review: cause (bacteria belonging to the genus Brucella); means of transmission; epidemiology (prevalence of the disease in cattle in France is shown in a map); different clinical manifestations; diagnosis (bacteriological and serological testing, the Burnet skin test); therapy; exposed occupations (farming, veterinary surgeons, abattoir workers, meat cutters, workers in bacteriological laboratories); recommended preventive measures (vaccination, technical measures, other measures particular to certain professions); compensation. Appendix: a table describing various types of occupational brucellosis and the occupations in which they occur.
Documents pour le médecin du travail, 2nd Quarter 1987, No.30, p.85-93. Illus. 35 ref.
Miller C.D., Songer J.R., Sullivan J.F.
A twenty-five year review of laboratory-acquired human infections at the National Animal Disease Center
The Center's experience with personnel exposure or infection with pathogenic agents is summarised. 128 cases of laboratory-associated exposures to infectious disease agents were reported. Of these exposures, 103 resulted from known accidents. The other 25 were identified only after the development of clinical or serological manifestations of infection. Thirty-four cases of laboratory-acquired infections were reviewed. Class 3 organisms - Chalmydia sp., Brucella sp. and Mycobacterium sp. - were responsible for 76% of the infections encountered, with Brucella sp. incriminated most frequently. The most commonly reported cause of exposure was associated with hypodermic syringes. Most infections, however, could not be associated with known routes of exposure, with aerosols being assumed in some of the cases.
American Industrial Hygiene Association Journal, Mar. 1987, Vol.48, No.3, p.271-275. 13 ref.
Brugnami G., Siracusa A., Abbritti G., Giordi T., Mollichella E.
Pigeon breeders' disease: case studies and problems of diagnosis
Pneumopatia dell'allevatore di piccioni: casistica personale e problemi diagnostici [in Italian]
Clinical study of 10 cases of pigeon breeders' disease (6 professionals, 4 hobbyists). Three of the subjects had the acute form of the disease.
Medicina del lavoro, Jan.-Feb. 1987, Vol.78, No.1, p.33-45. 42 ref.
Immunizations, immunoprophylaxis, and chemoprophylaxis to prevent selected infections
This communication from the United States Preventive Services Task Force presents in a systematic way indications, strategy and implementation, efficacy, contraindications and commentary on vaccination programmes against certain infectious diseases, including those to which certain occupational groups are exposed: hepatitis A (vaccination indicated among travellers to under-developed tropical countries, and among staff at day-care centres and food-handling facilities where hepatitis A has recently occurred); hepatitis B (health-care workers); rabies (veterinarians, animal handlers); malaria (travellers to tropical countries).
Journal of the American Medical Association, 8 May 1987, Vol.257, No.18, p.2464-2470. 55 ref.
Méndez Vargas M.M., Maldonado Torres L.
Guide to the study and detection of work-related bronchopulmonary diseases
Guía para el estudio y reconocimiento de las enfermedades broncopulmonares de trabajo/Guía para el estudio y reconocimiento de las enfermedades broncopulmonares de trabajo [in Spanish]
Contents of this booklet written for occupational physicians: pneumoconiosis; asthma; hypersensitivity pneumonitis or extrinsic allergic alveolitis; byssinosis or "Monday asthma"; bronchitis; gas exposures; pneumoconiosis or tuberculosis; ornithosis; pulmonary mycosis; neoplasia.
Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social, Paseo de la Reforma 476, 06698 México, D.F. Mexico, 1986. 1st ed. 18p. 8 ref.
Guidelines for prevention of brucellosis in meat packing plant workers
These guidelines cover: background of the disease; mode of transmission; major symptoms; work practices; personal hygiene; first aid; worker education; medical monitoring; serological test and its interpretation; treatment.
Alberta Community and Occupational Health, Medical Services Branch, 10709 Jasper Ave., Edmonton, Alberta T5J 3N3, Canada, July 1986. 7p. 3 ref.
Weil's syndrome in a zoologist
Case study of a zoologist who developed an unusual form of leptospirosis after handling small wild mammals, some of which bit him. Infection was probably due to the entry of contaminated urine into the bite wounds. The use of gloves and the taking of prophylactic doxycycline are suggested as preventive measures, at least until a vaccine becomes available.
Medical Journal of Australia, 26 May 1986, Vol.144, No.11, p.597-601. 15 ref.
Skilbeck H.W., Miller G.T., Hodgen A.N., Stuckey M.S.
A serological survey of leptospirosis in Gippsland dairy farmers; Leptospirosis in Western Australia, 1983-1984
Article 1 reports on the results of serological testing of 1074 farmers and dairy workers without clinical symptoms of leptospirosis. High rates of positive serological reactions were noted against certain Leptospira interrogans serogroups (particularly, against serovar Hebdomadis). The milking of dairy cows was a major risk factor in the development of positive reactions. Article 2 reports on the presence of leptospiral antibodies (with or without attending clinical symptoms) among farmers and meatworkers in the State of Western Australia.
Medical Journal of Australia, 26 May 1986, Vol.144, No.11, p.565-569. 16 ref.
Health and Safety Commission
Zoos - safety, health and welfare standards for employers and persons at work - Approved Code of Practice and Guidance Note
This booklet contains 2 documents. The Approved Code gives practical guidance on the requirements placed by sections 2,3, 4 and 7 of the Health and Safety at Work Act 1974 on employers, employees, self-employed and certain other persons who are engaged in any way in the operation of a zoo within Great Britain. It places particular emphasis on the hazards arising from the keeping of animals. Content: status; legislation; interpretation; premises; barrier gates; drive-through exhibits; enclosure barriers for hazardous animals; access provisions; systems of work; escape of animals from their enclosures; instruction, training, supervision; health and welfare; veterinary procedures. Tables present a classification of dangerous animals, and examples of fence, moat and wall dimensions appropriate to various animals. The Guidance Notes are issued as a supplement to the Approved Code and do not have its evidential status. Content: safety policy statements; the full text of sections 2, 3, 4 and 7 of 1974 Act.
HMSO Publication Centre, P.O. Box 276, London SW8 5DT, United Kingdom, 1985. 19p. Price: GBP 3.50.
Safety with farm animals
Data sheet on animal facilities, human factors, animal health and hygiene, zoonoses, personal protective equipment, and safety reminders.
Farm Safety Association, Unit 22, Woodlawn Road West, Guelph, Ontario, Canada, Sep. 1985. 4p. Illus.
Popendorf W., Donham K.J., Easton D.N., Silk J.
A synopsis of agricultural respiratory hazards
Summary of the current state of both knowledge and programmes concerning a wide range of respiratory hazards facing agricultural producers, including cotton and grain dust, agricultural chemicals, organic and inorganic dusts, microbiologic and immunologic agents.
American Industrial Hygiene Association Journal, Mar. 1985, Vol.46, No.3, p.154-161. 109 ref.
Occupational hazards and diseases
Foglalkozási ártalmak és betegségek [in Hungarian]
Advanced-level textbook on occupational hygiene. Contents: physical hazards (microclimate, ionising and non-ionising radiation, vibration, noise, work in pressurised atmospheres, overuse and other musculoskeletal problems); respirable dust; occupational toxicology (bases and acids, metals and metal-like substances, organic poisons, poisonous gases); plastics; pesticides; zoonoses; occupational skin diseases; role of plant medical services and of government agencies in Hungary.
Népszava Lap- és Könyvkiadó, Budapest, Hungary, 1984. 126p. Price: HUF 73.00.
Manual of accident prevention in livestock raising
Manual de prevenção de acidentes na pecuária [in Portuguese]
This illustrated manual, written in simple language, is aimed at workers directly working with farm animals (mainly, cattle and horses) in Brazil. Chapter 2 covers the main sources of risk: accidents during the handling of animals; diseases transmitted by animals (brucellosis, foot and mouth disease, anthrax, tuberculosis, rabies, leptospirosis, hydatid disease (echinococcosis), cysticercosis, tetanus); risks associated with the administration of drugs and vaccines to animals; inadequate buildings used for animal housing; exposure to animal excrement; exposure to dangerous chemicals; hand tools; machinery and equipment; electricity; horse- and ox-drawn transportation. Chapter 3 covers general and specific first-aid measures: artificial respiration; cardiac arrest; injuries; fracture; burns; poisoning (tables present symptoms and treatment connected with commonly used pesticides and herbicides, and with commonly ocurring poisonous plants); stings and bites by poisonous animals (spiders, bees, wasps, snakes); transport of the injured. Chapter 4 covers the accident insurance coverage of rural workers in Brazil.
Fundacentro, C.P. 11484, CEP 05499 São Paulo, SP, Brazil, 1984. 73p. Illus. 36 ref.
Jílek D., Richter J., Haasová L., Švejda J.
Monitoring antibody activity with the ENC-HEM Sevac set in the staff of infectious disease departments in North Bohemia
Sledování protilátkové aktivity s použitím soupravy ENC-HEM Sevac u pracovníků infekčních oddělení v Severočeském kraji [in Czech]
Antibodies against basic encephalitogenic protein, determined with the ENC-HEM Sevac hemagglutination set, were found in 50% (10 of 20 examined) of workers with antirabies vaccine. In one worker with a high titre of encephalitogenic antibodies, specific antirabies antibodies in low tire were detected. The findings indicate possible immunological response to the antigen in the work environment.
Časopis lékařů českých, 1984, Vol.123, No.38/39, p.1195-1197. Illus. 8 ref.
Occupational safety and health and working environment in the food and drink industries
L'hygiène, la sécurité et le milieu de travail dans les industries des produits alimentaires et des boissons [in French]
Chapter 1 deals with the factors to be considered from an OSH point of view (the size of the undertaking, level of skills, irregularity of work, rural workforce, training). Chapter 2 gives examples of occupational accidents in these industries in the developed world and discusses the difficulties in obtaining and interpreting these results. Chapter 3 is devoted to infectious occupational diseases (respiratory and skin) and diseases due to chemical hazards. Chapter 4 deals with adverse effects of the physical environment and the problems caused by rotating shift work. Chapter 5 is on prevention methods (machine guarding, personal protection, environmental protection, ergonomic design and workload analysis). Chapter 6 is on medical supervision and personal hygiene.
Report III, Food and Drinks Industries Committee, International Labour Office, First Session, 1984. ILO, 1211 Genève 22, Switzerland, 61p. Price: SF.12.50.
Disposal of potentially contaminated animal wastes
This data sheet outlines the planning and procedures necessary for the safe handling and disposal of animal wastes encountered in biomedical laboratories, veterinary, clinical, research or teaching institutions and animal quarantine units.
National Safety Council, 444 North Michigan Ave., Chicago, IL 60611, USA, Rev. 1984. 4p. 12 ref.
Advisory Committee on Dangerous Pathogens
Categorisation of pathogens according to hazard and categories of containment
A classification of pathogens (bacteria, fungi, parasites, and viruses) according to the hazards they represent. Requirements for safe operation of laboratories are listed for 4 levels of containment, as well as for the handling of vertebrate animals experimentally infected with one of these 4 categories of pathogens. In the appendix: safe use of microbiological safety cabinets; use of respiratory protective equipment; containment of latently infected animals; safe use of invertebrate animals in laboratories; handling of patients infected with pathogens, and safe use of associated laboratory specimens; handling rabies and hepatitis B virus; training of laboratory personnel.
H.M. Stationery Office, 49 High Holborn, London WC1V 6HB, United Kingdom, 1984. 48p. Illus. 16 ref. Price: £4.50.
Congo-Crimean hemorrhagic fever - Republic of South Africa
Case reports transmitted by the Centers for Disease Control (Atlanta, USA) involving 7 cases of severe illness in South Africa (1 death). 6 of the victims had worked with cattle, the 7th with sheep. The disease was identified by immunofluorescence assay testing as Congo-Crimean haemorrhagic fever, a disease spread from cattle to man directly or by ticks.
Journal of the American Medical Association, 9 Nov. 1984, Vol.252, No.18, p.2533-2537. Illus. 6 ref.
This data sheet intended for farm workers points out the hazards to which livestock handlers are exposed.
Manitoba Workplace Safety and Health Division, Suite 1000, 330 St. Mary Ave., Winnipeg, Manitoba R3C 3Z5, Canada, 1984. 7p.
Garcia Fernández A.
Brucellosis: prophylaxis and control of the disease
Brucelosis: profilaxis y lucha contra la enfermedad [in Spanish]
Review of the brucellosis problem in Spain. Aspects covered: statistics and geographical distribution; description of the disease and its symptoms; routes and mechanisms of propagation; infection routes in man; prophylaxis and control of the disease (zootechnical, hygienic and health measures, vaccination); bacteriological testing; safety standards for shipping biological samples; safety standards in laboratories.
Salud y trabajo, May-June 1984, No.43, p.33-48. Illus. Bibl.
United Nations Development Programme (UNDP)
Reading materials on occupational health and hygiene
Lecture notes (typewritten) for a joint UNDP/ILO (PIACT) training course for occupational safety and health inspectors held in Jakarta (Indonesia), Apr. - Sep. 1983. The course covered: workers' rehabilitation; industrial dust; work in hot environments; illumination; radiation; noise and vibration; toxicology; skin diseases; zoonoses; ventilation; accidents, their cost and their prevention; environmental sanitation (water, food, insects, pesticides); personal protective devices; factory inspection; pre-employment and periodical health examinations; TLVs; non-ionising radiation; lifting and hoisting, backpain; occupational health management; environmental hazards.
International Labour Organisation, 1211 Genève 22, Switzerland, 1983. 2 vol. (Vol.1: 210p., Vol.2: 241p.). Illus. Bibl.
Abattoir associated zoonoses
Zoonoses discussed in the light of the literature are brucellosis (contagious abortion in cattle), Q-fever, toxoplasmosis, leptospirosis, tuberculosis, Salmonella and Escherichia coli infections. There is now a greater awareness on the part of the health professions and management in the meat industry of the hazards of occupational exposure to zoonotic diseases.
Journal of the Society of Occupational Medicine, Jan. 1983, Vol.33, No.1, p.24-27. 26 ref.
Swart K.S., Wilks C.R., Jackson K.B., Hayman J.A.
Human leptospirosis in Victoria
Over a 2-year period leptospirosis was diagnosed in specimens from 208 of 2516 patients with suggestive symptoms. The most common serological reactions were with serovars hardjo, pomona and tarassovi. There was a clear association between infection and occupation in 101 farmers, 44 meat workers and 11 meat inspectors. Leptospirosis should be considered in the differential diagnosis of patients with pyrexia who have occupational contact with animals, and the appropriate serological and culture examinations carried out.
Medical Journal of Australia, 14 May 1983, Vol.1, No.10, p.460-463. Illus. 14 ref.
Brenner W., Florian H.J., Stollenz E., Valentin H.
Occupational medicine today
Arbeitsmedizin aktuell [in German]
A loose-leaf binder with periodic supplements. Articles are classified as: aims and institutions, work organisation, occupations and medicine, occupational hygiene, occupational physiology, ergonomics, occupational psychology, occupational diseases, diagnosis and treatment, examination methods, medical prevention (including periodic check-ups), occupational safety, rehabilitation, social aspects, epidemiology and documentation, legal medicine, occupational sociology, occupational health education, industry and pollution, regulations. Articles cover: devices measuring dust levels in the workplace; aptitude and psychological tests; motivation, working atmosphere and management policies; psychological prevention; information on compensable pneumoconiosis (asbestosis, asbestosis + lung cancer, mesothelioma, hard-metal pneumoconiosis); poisoning due to the inhalation of irritating substances; zoonosis; toxicological tests; warning signs; expertise (previous and subsequent injuries, noise-induced hearing loss); effects and applications of disinfectants in the food industry.
Gustav Fischer Verlag, Wollgrasweg 49, 7000 Stuttgart 70 (Hohenheim), Federal Republic of Germany, 1983. 13th supplement. Complete book: 1620p. Price: DM.294.00.
Brenner W., Florian H.J., Stollenz E., Valentin H.
Today's occupational medicine
Arbeitsmedizin aktuell [in German]
Periodically updated looseleaf publication. Classification of articles: goals and institutions, work organisation, occupations and medicine, occupational hygiene, occupational physiology, ergonomics, occupational psychology, occupational diseases, diagnosis and treatment, methodology of examinations, medical prevention (including periodic examinations), occupational safety, retraining, social aspects, epidemiology and documentation, legal medicine, sociology of work, occupational pedagogy, industry and pollution, regulations. This 12th update contains: addresses of important institutions in occupational medicine, excessive or inadequate demands made on workers at modern workstations, scope and goals of occupational psychology, analyses of work and psychic stress, mental health, zoonoses, work clothes and protective clothing and their use, health education in the Federal Republic of Germany, definitions of epidemiological concepts, tabular comparison of the social security systems of the countries of the European Community, temporary benefits according to the Ordinance on occuational diseases.
Gustav Fischer Verlag, Wollgrasweg 49, 7000 Stuttgart 70 (Hohenheim), Federal Republic of Germany, 1983. 12th update. Whole work 1470p. Price: DM.294.00.
Health and Safety Executive
This videotape describes the main safety and health hazards (accidents, zoonoses) that can affect livestock farmers raising cattle, pigs, sheep and horses.
CFL Vision, P.O. Box 35, Wetherby LS23 7EX, United Kingdom, 1982. Videotape. Length: 22min. Price: GBP 28.68 (hire), GBP 85.10 (sale). ###
Occupational lung disorders
This practical guide is intended to serve as a reference book for clinicians, industrial medical officers, radiologists, pathologists, and occupational health students. Contents: introduction; geology and geochemistry; inhaled particles and their fate in the lungs; pathogenesis and pathology; the chest radiograph; inert dust; diseases due to free silica; pneumoconiosis due to coal and carbon; silicates and lung disease; beryllium disease; disorders caused by organic agents; occupational asthma including byssinosis; non-neoplastic disorders due to metallic, chemical and physical agents; lung cancer and occupation.
Butterworth Group, Borough Green, Sevenoaks, Kent, TN15 8PH, United Kingdom, 1982, 529p. Illus. Bibl. Price: £68.00.
Bacterial and viral zoonoses
Report of an expert committee (Geneva, Switzerland, 22-30 Sep. 1981): impact of zoonoses and general preventive measures; factors affecting the spread of zoonoses; diagnosis and surveillance; prevention and control of zoonoses; contributions of zoonoses control to national and international programmes; conclusions and recommendations. Appendices.
World Health Organization, Avenue Appia, 1211 Genève 27, Switzerland, 1982. 146p. Bibl. Price: SF.11.00.
Ruppanner R., Brooks D., Morrish D., Spinelli J., Franti C.E., Behymer D.E.
Q fever hazards from sheep and goats used in research
Data are reviewed in an effort to delineate hazards to humans from small ruminants used in research. Prevalence of Q fever antibodies was 24% among 2097 sheep and 57% among 1475 goats from various sources. In a research facility using sheep, in which an epidemic of human Q fever occurred, antibody prevalence in sheep was 77%, with a large proportion of high titres. Antibody prevalence was 11% among 347 persons at 3 research institutes, mainly among students: prevalence among research staff, except for animal caretakers routinely exposed to sheep, approximated the prevalence in the general population.
Archives of Environmental Health, Mar.-Apr. 1982, Vol.37, No.2, p.103-110. 22 ref.
Agricultural respiratory hazards
The 22 papers presented at this symposium (Kansas City, USA, 13-15 Jan. 1981) are reproduced under the section headings: cotton dust; chemical agents (aflatoxins; paraquat; mineral dust); special environments (enclosed environments on agricultural tractors and in silos and grain storage structures; swine confinement); zoonoses; immunologic agents; grain dust.
ACGIH, 6500 Glenway Avenue, Bldg. D-5, Cincinnati, OH 45211, USA, 1981. 223p. Illus. Bibl.
Hall C.J., Richmond S.J., Caul E.O., Pearce N.H., Silver I.A.
Laboratory outbreak of Q fever acquired from sheep
91 staff working in a university department in which gravid sheep were used for foetal respiratory studies, were examined after an outbreak of Q fever. Of these, 28 had complement-fixing antibodies to the phase II antigen of Coxiella burnetii in their serum. Symptoms compatible with C. burnetii infection occurred in 14 of these patients. Symtomatic infections were related to the delivery of twin foetuses in one laboratory, and some evidence of infection was apparent in workers in other parts of the building. Subjects with serological evidence of infection were treated with tetracycline for 4 weeks.
Lancet, May 1982, Vol.1, p.1004-1006. 7 ref.
Hog dressing safety and health guide
Step-by-step guide to safety and hygiene in the pig slaughtering and dressing industry. Special concerns: diseased animals, personal hygiene, housekeeping, materials handling, personal protective equipment, knives, saws, electric stunning, CO2 stunning, captive bolt stunning. The book can also be used as a training manual.
Industrial Accident Prevention Association, 2 Bloor Street East, 23rd Floor, Toronto, Ontario M4W 3C2, Canada, 1981. 53p. Illus. 17 ref.
Andrews B.E., Major R., Palmer S.R.
Ornithosis in poultry workers.
An outbreak of ornithosis in duck workers is reported. A serological survey showed that 61% of them (compared with 23% of control workers) had chlamydia group antibody titres of ≥ 1:8. 9% of duck workers had antibody titres ≥ 1:32 and a clinical illness suggestive of ornithosis. The proportions of seropositive tests and clinical attack rates were highest in workers eviscerating ducks and lowest in farm workers.
Lancet, 21 Mar. 1981, Vol.I, No.8221, p.632-634. 8 ref.
Henneberg W., Müller B.
Safe work with animals
Sicherheit beim Umgang mit Tieren [in German]
Compendium of OSH regulations and standards in force in the German Democratic Republic, principally applying to work with farm animals. Contents: zoonoses, transport and slaughtering of animals, cold storage of meat, special provisions for work in livestock rearing and work with farm animals.
Verlag Tribüne, Am Treptower Park 28-30, DDR-1193 Berlin, 1980. 139p. Price: M.4.20.
Irish Department of Labour
Labour Inspection: Report for 1979 of the Industrial Inspectorate and General Inspectorate, Department of Labour
Contents: number of premises and visits; prosecutions; occupational accidents and dangerous occurrences; medical examinations; breakdown of occupational accidents by category of premises, and between adults and young persons; causes and summary descriptions of fatal accidents; activities of safety committees; work of the Occupational Hygiene Unit (monitoring of listed toxic substances, ionising radiation, noise and dust levels). There were 32 fatal accidents (7 due to an oil tanker explosion) in 1979 (26 in 1978; 26 in 1977); there were 3,600 non-fatal employment injuries in 1979 (4,047 in 1978; 3,441 in 1977). No occupational diseases were reported in 1979, but claims were paid for existing cases. Numerous statistical tables. List of all OSH orders and regulations in force on 31 Dec. 1979, under the Factories Act 1955 and the Mines and Quarries Act 1965.
Prl.9036, Government Publications Sale Office, G.P.O. Arcade, Dublin 1, Ireland, July 1980. 74p. Price: IR£1.35.
Rabusson Corvisart D.
Working environment study in curing and salting establishments - Some practical problems of concern to the plant physician
Etude du milieu de travail en salaisons - Quelques problèmes pratiques à connaître du point de vue du médecin du travail. [in French]
MD thesis, covering public health and OSH aspects: main environmental factors (meat, water, temperature, noise; hazards of handling, working with machines, and using knives); contagion and bacteriological hazards (tuberculosis, tetanus, swine erysipela, brucellosis, etc.) to which both workers and consumers are exposed; bacteriological data and rules of hygiene; problems met at various stages of curing (equipment, working conditions, personal protection); work in cold places. Appended: texts of regulations; statutory lists of occupational diseases. Emphasis on the role of the plant physician. Safety engineering aspects, industrial hygiene, health education.
Université de Paris VII, Faculté de médecine Xavier-Bichat, Paris, France, 1980. 226p. 36 ref.
Nordic occupational dermatitis symposium.
Some of the papers read at the symposium (Dublin, Ireland, 10-12 Nov. 1978): bacteria and soluble oil dermatitis; contact dermatitis due to machine oil in hosiery workers; 10-year review of an industrial dermatitis clinic; permanent disability from nickel allergy; kangri cancer in the brick industry; allergic contact dermatitis in veterinary surgeons; contact urticaria from latex surgical gloves; allergy to nyloprint acrylate printing plates; orf (ecthyma contagiosum of sheep and goats); oedema of fingers from a hydrogen-fluoride-containing aluminium blancher; itching in potroom workers using recycled alumina; health risks from isocyanates; identification of contact sensitisers by animal assay; acrylates in industry; contact allergy to bis(4-chlorophenyl)methyl chloride; hand eczema from formaldehyde in price labels; legal aspects of occupational dermatitis in Northern Ireland; photosensitivity and allergy to lichens and oleoresins; work in ultraviolet radiation; occupational eczema in a woodpulp factory.
Contact Dermatitis, Jan. 1980 (extra issue), Vol.6, No.1, p.5-79. Illus. 108 ref.
Workshop on occupational health care in agriculture.
Report on a workshop held in Geneva, 6-12 Nov. 1979. Aspects considered were: health in rural areas; agriculture as an occupation; occupational health problems in agriculture (pesticides and toxic chemicals, accidents, physical and biological hazards, psychosocial aspects); changing attitude of agricultural workers towards health; occupational health care for agricultural workers; agricultural occupational health as part of primary health care; research activities; suggested programme.
Report OCH/803, World Health Organization, 1211 Genève 27, Switzerland, 1979. 31p. 18 ref.
Guide to health and hygiene in agricultural work.
This guide provides a wide spectrum of information on agricultural health hazards and their prevention. While focusing the problems of developing countries, it also deals with issues of concern to industrialised countries. Contents: living conditions and environmental hygiene (housing, farm buildings, water supply, manure and sewage, environmental health, food sanitation); occupational physiology and ergonomics; prevention and management of occupational pesticide poisoning; occupational diseases; zoonoses, infectious and parasitic diseases; occupational health services and medical inspection of labour.
International Labour Offce, 1211 Genève 22, Switzerland, 1979. 309p. Illus. Price: CHF 27.50.
Occupational injury of the teeth, mouth and jaw
Berufsschäden im Zahn-, Mund- und Kieferbereich [in German]
This book, addressed primarily to stomatologists, deals with pathogenesis, prevention, therapy and rehabilitation. Chapters deal with physical effects (mechanical factors, dust, vibration, accidents, ionising radiation, heat, variation at atmospheric pressure, extreme conditions); acids, bases, phosphorus, fluorine, mercury, inorganic and organic compounds, lead, metals, halogens, sulfur, solvents, carbon monoxide, ammonia, nitrogen oxides, hydrogen cyanide, phenols, tar products, fungicides, insecticides, herbicides; infections; zoonoses; summary of clinical symptoms.
VEB Verlag Volk Gesundheit, Neue Grünstrasse 18, DDR-1020 Berlin, 1979. 174p. Illus. Price: M.31.00.
Disposal of potentially contaminated animal wastes.
This data sheet outlines the planning and procedures necessary for safe handling and disposal of potentially contaminated animal wastes encountered in: biochemical laboratory facilities; veterinary, clinical, research, or teaching institutions; animal quarantine units; and other facilities where diseased animals are housed. Definitions; general and specific requirements for safe handling programmes, training programmes, pre-employment and periodical medical examinations, isolation facilities, air locks, sterilisers, shower and changing rooms, personal protective equipment, waste handling procedures (solid wastes - combustible and noncombustible; liquid wastes; radioactive biological wastes).
Data Sheet 1-679-79, Revised 1979, National Safety Council, 444 North Michigan Ave, Chicago, Illinois 60611, USA, 1978. 4p. 19 ref.
Zoonoses: Animal diseases and man.
The most important zoonoses are listed with infectious agent, transmitting animal, symptoms in humans including mortality, occurrence (place and number of cases), and treatment of: anthrax, brucellosis, ornithosis, rabies, swine erysipelas, tetanus and trichinosis. Other possible occupational diseases are mentioned.
Professional Safety, June 1979, Vol.24, No.6, p.15-17. 9 ref.
Ministry of Labour, National OSH Institute (Ministério do Trabalho, FUNDACENTRO)
Manuel of safety, hygiene and medicine for agricultural work
Manual de segurança, higiene e medicina do trabalho rural [in Portuguese]
Contents of this advanced training manual: socio-economic aspects of rural work; occupational accidents in farming; occupational hazards (agriculture); accident causes; types of accidents; elimination of accident causes; reporting of accidents and accident statistics; occupational safety in rural work (tractors, agricultural machines and equipment, hand tools, power-driven hand tools, fires, organic waste, electricity, transportation, principal crops); personal protective equipment; occupational health and hygiene; occupational medicine in agriculture (hazards, occupational diseases: physical, chemical and biological pathogenic agents, zoonoses; parasite diseases; pesticides); first aid; OSH training; commentary on Brazilian legislation concerning occupational accidents; glossary.
FUNDACENTRO, 539 Al. Barão de Limeira, São Paulo, Brazil, 1978. 185p. Illus. 96 ref.
Valsecchi M., Fiorio A.
Technical process in the tanning industry and related hazards
Ciclo tecnologico dell'industria conciaria e rischi connessi [in Italian]
The techniques used in tanning plants in a region of Italy (Valle del Chiampo) are described in detail. Hazards discussed are: noise; vibration; inadequate lighting; microclimate; accidents; zoonoses; allergic alveolitis. The substances used in each process are listed.
Securitas, Mar.-Apr. 1978, Vol.63, No.3-4, p.132-144. 31 ref.
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