Zoonoses - 231 entries found
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Health and Safety Executive
Occupational health risks from cattle
This data sheet describes occupational risks from the cattle disease bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE) and from zoonoses. Contents: occurrence of BSE and limiting the spread of the disease; the risk to humans (Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease); exposure to BSE and zoonoses at work; precautions against zoonoses (avoiding cuts or puncture wounds, use of personal protective equipment); safe cleaning of bins which have contained meat and bone meal.
HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 6FS, United Kingdom, Sep. 1996. 3p. 1 ref.
Health and Safety Commission, Advisory Committee on Dangerous Pathogens
BSE (bovine spongiform encephalopathy) - Background and general occupational guidance
This booklet describes the nature and causes of BSE, occupational risks, possible routes of transmission and control measures. Basic precautions for occupational groups at risk (farmers, veterinary surgeons, slaughterhouse workers) include avoidance of cuts, abrasions or puncture wounds, use of protective clothing, face protection, personal hygiene, cleaning of work areas and equipment, and appropriate waste disposal.
HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk, CO10 6FS, United Kingdom, Aug. 1996. 10p. 14 ref. Price: GBP 5.50.
This information note is part of the series ABC of Work Related Disorders. The following conditions are surveyed: anthrax, glanders, ankylostomiasis, brucellosis, leptospirosis, tuberculosis, viral hepatitis (B and C), HIV infection, diseases spread from farm animals, non-agricultural diseases (due to contaminated oil, ear infections in divers, legionellosis, infections transmitted to health workers, Lyme disease in forestry workers). Because of their increased risk of infection, workers in certain occupations need specific immunizations.
British Medical Journal, 31 Aug. 1996, Vol.313, p.551-554. Illus.
Pellé-Duporté D., Kouyoumdjian S., Tuchais E., Carbonnelle B., Simon B.
An outbreak of ornithosis in a poultry slaughterhouse
Une épidémie d'ornithose dans un abattoir de volailles [in French]
Ornithosis is an infectious disease caused by the bacterium Chlamydia psittaci. Poultry and other birds are the main carriers of the bacteria, transmitted to the human through the respiratory tract. An outbreak of this disease in a French poultry slaughterhouse in April 1990 is reported. Out of 56 workers, 18 developed symptoms compelling them to stop work (4 were sent to hospital). Symptoms combined acute and feverish pneumopathies with a general deterioration of the state of health. In other cases, the clinical picture was less complete. Diagnosis was founded on serology, no germ was isolated by usual bacteriological techniques. The evolution of the disease, after antibiotic treatment, was good in all the cases. Workers were compensated by the French "Régime général de la Sécurité sociale" (occupational disease No.87).
Archives des maladies professionnelles et de médecine du travail, Feb. 1996, Vol.57, No.1, p.51-54. 14 ref.
Alonso Espadalé R.M., Martí Solé M.C.
Active immunization: A means of prevention
La inmunización activa: una herramienta de prevención [in Spanish]
Topics: brucellosis; data sheet; echinococcosis; immunization; infection control; legal aspects; leptospirosis; rabies; Spain; tuberculosis; typhus; vaccination.
Instituto Nacional de Seguridad e Higiene en el Trabajo, Ediciones y Publicaciones, c/Torrelaguna 73, 28027 Madrid, Spain, 1995. 4p. 9 ref.
World Health Organization (WHO)
Women at work in Europe - The challenge of today and tomorrow
This report examines statistical data on the numbers of women employed in the European Union, focusing on their occupations, the industries that employ them, and the health hazards to which they are potentially exposed. These include: inflammatory bowel disease; cancer; tuberculosis; zoonoses; hepatitis; human immunodeficiency virus; heat and cold stress; exposure to dust and fibres, lead, and solvents; stress; reproductive outcomes; perinatal mortality; and congenital malformations. Research needs are outlined.
Occupational Health Programme, WHO Regional Office for Europe, Scherfigsvej 8, 2100 København Ø, Denmark, 1995. 50p. 86 ref.
Choudat D., Pairon J.C.
Occupational exposure to oncogenic viruses
Virus oncogènes et expositions professionnelles [in French]
To illustrate possible connections between oncogenic viruses and occupational cancer, this article discusses the roles of papillomavirus and certain avian oncogenic viruses. It reviews the arguments in favour of a role for papillomavirus in the observed excess of primary bronchial cancer in butchers and meat packers, and cites epidemiologic and other studies on blood disorders and such viruses as bovine leukaemia virus and avian oncogenic viruses. The possible connections between cancer and occupational exposure to oncogenic viruses remain unclear. Progress will require collaboration among physicians, veterinarians, research laboratories and epidemiologists.
Documents pour le médecin du travail, 4th Quarter 1995, No.64, p.239-244. Illus. 47 ref.
Health and Safety Executive
Farmwise: Your guide to health and safety
Ffermio diogel: Eich canllaw i iechyd a diogelwch [in Welsh]
Translation into Welsh of a training booklet originally published in English in 1993 (see CIS 93-1246). It describes in straightforward terms the principles of health and safety on the farm. Contents: compliance with the law; safe use of machines; transport and handling of materials; farm forestry operations; safe use of electricity; guarding against fire and explosion; maintenance work; protective clothing and equipment; child safety; avoiding health problems; livestock hazards; safe use of chemicals; dangers of noise; exposure to dust and fumes; risk assessment; caring for the working environment; accidents and emergencies; legislation.
HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury CO10 6FS, United Kingdom, 1995. iii, 36p. Illus. 45 ref. Price: GBP 3.50.
Ellis B.A., Mills J.N., Childs J.E.
Rodent-borne hemorrhagic fever viruses of importance to agricultural workers
The aetiology, epidemiology, clinical features, treatment and prevention of rodent-borne haemorrhagic fever viruses are discussed. The family Arenaviridae includes Lassa virus, which causes Lassa fever in West Africa, and four South American viruses, Junín, Machupo, Guanarito and Sabiá. At least three members of the genus Hantavirus, family Bunyaviridae, cause haemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome in Europe and Asia. Sin Nombre virus is responsible for hantavirus pulmonary syndrome that has resulted in about 100 cases since its discovery in southwestern USA in 1993. Agricultural workers are particularly at risk because of the increased likelihood of exposure to rodents in rural environments.
Journal of Agromedicine, 1995, Vol.2, No.4, p.7-44. 178 ref.
Health and Safety Commission, Advisory Committee on Dangerous Pathogens
Categorisation of biological agents according to hazard and containment categories
The new edition of this guide (see CIS 91-1019 for previous edition) reflects the need to implement two European Community Directives concerning biological agents (90/679/EEC and 93/88/EEC). Contents: background information on the categorization of biological agents; guidance list of bacteria, viruses, parasites and fungi in four hazard groups; guidance on the selection of appropriate containment measures; requirements for each of four levels of containment for laboratories and for work with experimental animals inoculated with biological agents. Appendices provide further guidance on the control of specific biological agents. Includes an Approved List of biological agents. Sections of the guide having legal status are highlighted.
HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 6FS, United Kingdom, 4th ed., 1995. viii, 152p. 13 ref. Price: GBP 8.50.
Bartelink A.K.M., van Kregten E.
Streptococcus suis as threat to pig-farmers and abattoir workers
This communication briefly reports two cases of septic shock following infection with Streptococcus suis in man: an abattoir worker who died following the infection, and a pig farmer who suffered multiple organ failure and recovered after intensive therapy. Human beings usually develop meningitis following S. suis infection. Septic shock is rare but commonly fatal; early recognition in pig farmers and abattoir workers is essential.
Lancet, 23/30 Dec. 1995, Vol.346, No.8991/8992, p.1707. 4 ref.
Langley R.L., Pryor W.H., O'Brien K.F.
Health hazards among veterinarians - A survey and review of the literature
Results of a questionnaire survey of 701 veterinary practitioners in North Carolina, USA showed that 67.8% of respondents had sustained a major animal related injury and 8.2% had been hospitalized for a work-related injury. Hazards included zoonotic infections, animal allergies, and accidental exposure to pesticides, vaccines, pharmaceutical products, anaesthetic gases, and radiation during radiographic examinations. The use of exposure monitors and personal protective equipment was also evaluated. Recommendations for risk reduction are presented.
Journal of Agromedicine, 1995, Vol.2, No.1, p.23-52. 93 ref.
Hayes M., Williams F.J.
Toxoplasmosis - whose responsibility?
Safety and Health Practitioner, Feb. 1995, Vol.13, No.2, p.20-25. Illus. 20 ref. ###
Ministère des Affaires sociales, de la Santé et de la Ville
Decree No.95-52 of 12 Jan. 1995. Schedules of prescribed occupational diseases. Modifications and additions [France]
Décret n°95-52 du 12 janv. 1995. Tableaux de maladies professionnelles - Modifications et adjonctions [France] [in French]
Decree No.95-52 makes the following changes in the French schedules of prescribed occupational diseases: Extension of the limitative list of jobs likely to cause disease in table No.42: "Noise-induced hearing loss"; Creation of new schedules: No.92 "Occupational infections with Streptococcus suis"; No.93 "Chronic lesions of the front segment of the eye caused by exposure to airborne particles in underground coal mines".
Cahiers de notes documentaires - Hygiène et sécurité du travail, 1st Quarter 1995, No.158, Note No.1985-158-95, p.101-102. 28 ref. Also in: Journal officiel, 18 Jan. 1995.
Occupational lung disorders
Contents of this manual include: morphology of the respiratory tract; lung physiology; deposition and clearance of aerosols; pathogenesis of mineral pneumoconiosis; imaging in occupational lung diseases; epidemiology; chronic bronchitis, airflow obstruction and emphysema; bronchitis, airways obstruction and occupation; pneumoconiosis associated with non-fibrogenic minerals and with coal and other carbonaceous materials; silicosis and related diseases; disorders related to asbestos and to non-asbestos silicates; beryllium disease; non-neoplastic disorders due to metallic, chemical and physical agents; lung cancer; hypersensitivity pneumonia; occupational asthma and byssinosis; infectious diseases and zoonoses; diseases caused by other organic agents; the lungs in aerospace and at high altitude; the lungs and diving.
Butterworth-Heinemann Ltd., Linacre House, Jordan Hill, Oxford OX2 8DP, United Kingdom, 3rd ed., 1994. xix, 892p. Illus. Bibl.ref. Index. Price: GBP 145.00.
Wald P.H., Stave G.M.
Physical and biological hazards of the workplace
University-level manual providing very detailed up-to-date information on physical and biological hazards, with emphasis on those affecting workers and workplaces in the United States. For each hazard or condition, diagnosis, treatment, medical surveillance and prevention are addressed at length. Contents: Physical hazards - Worker-material interfaces (ergonomic hazards and upper-extremity musculoskeletal disorders, manual materials handling, vibration, mechanical energy); the physical work environment (hot and cold environments, high- and low-pressure environments, shift work); energy and electromagnetic radiation (ionizing, ultraviolet, visible, infrared, laser, microwave, radiofrequency and ELF radiation; noise; electricity, including lightning injury). Biological hazards - General principles of microbiology and infectious disease; clinical recognition and health consequences of occupational exposure; prevention of illness from biological hazards; viruses; bacteria; mycobacteria; fungi; Rickettsiae and Chlamydiae; parasites; envenomations (arthropods, marine animals, snakes); allergens; malignant cells; recombinant organisms; endotoxins; wood dust.
Van Nostrand Reinhold, 115 Fifth Ave., New York, NY 10003, USA and International Thomson Publishing, Berkshire House, 168-173 High Holborn, London WC1V 7AA, United Kingdom, 1994. xxi, 511p. Illus. Bibl.ref. Index. Price (UK): GBP 59.00.
Cristofolini A., Bassetti D., Schallenberg G.
Zoonoses transmitted by ticks (tick-borne encephalitis and Lyme borreliosis): Preliminary results
Le zoonosi trasmesse da zecche nei lavoratori forestali (tick-borne encephalitis e Lyme Borreliosis): Risultati preliminari [in Italian]
To investigate the diffusion of infections transmitted by ticks (Tick-borne encephalitis (TBE) and Lyme borreliosis) in forest workers, a serological investigation was carried out in the Province of Trento (Northern Italy) on the sera of 465 subjects at potential risk (foresters, hunters, woodcutters, gamekeepers). Antibodies for TBE virus were found in five subjects working in the same area, and antibodies for Borrelia burgdorferi were found in 15 subjects. All three clinical cases of TBE identified reported that they had been bitten by ticks in the same geographical area. The presence of specific antibodies for TBE virus was tested on the sera of animals grazing in several areas: four positive cases were observed in the same area as the human cases reported above.
Medicina del lavoro, Sep.-Oct. 1993, Vol.84, No.5, p.394-402. 35 ref.
Rats, fish and Weil's disease
Leptospirosis is a potential hazard to farmers, agricultural workers and those coming into contact with rats or natural inland waters. The discovery and nature of the disease are described along with the means of transmission via infected animals, the effects of the disease in humans and occurrences of the disease in the British Isles since 1922. A table shows occupational/risk groups from 1970-1992 with numbers affected and deaths. Guidance is given on reducing the risk of the disease along with methods of treatment and prevention.
Safety and Health Practitioner, Dec. 1993, Vol.11, no.12, p.12-16. Illus.
Thompson P.J., Cousins D.V., Gow B.L., Collins D.M., Williamson B.H., Dagnia H.T.
Seals, seal trainers, and mycobacterial infection
In 1986, three seals died in an Australian marine park; postmortem tissue culture suggested infection with Mycobacterium bovis. In 1988, a seal trainer employed at the park until 1985 developed pulmonary tuberculosis caused by M. bovis while working in a zoo 3,000km away. Culture characteristics, biochemical behaviour, sodium dodecyl sulfate polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis, and restriction endonuclease analysis suggested that the strains of M. bovis infecting the seals and trainer were identical but unique and differed from reference strains and local cattle strains of M. bovis. The infection in both the seals and trainer had a destructive but indolent course. This is the first time that M. bovis has been observed in seals and the first time that tuberculosis infection has been documented to be transmitted from seals to humans. Those working with seals and other marine animals should be monitored for infection.
American Review of Respiratory Disease, Jan. 1993, Vol.147, No.1, p.164-167. Illus. 18 ref.
Health and Safety Executive
Health and safety in horse riding establishments
Contents of this guidance booklet: legal duties; management of health and safety; health and safety training; manual handling; notification of accidents and incidents and provision of first aid; assessing and controlling hazards associated with harmful substances, dust, zoonoses and tetanus; precautions during veterinary treatment; environment and welfare; inspection and maintenance of tack; riding and road safety (protective equipment); electrical safety; safe use of machinery. Appendices include: horse behaviour; self-audit checklist; advice on safety policy statement; sample reporting forms for injuries and diseases.
HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury CO10 6FS, Suffolk, United Kingdom, 1993. iv, 76p. Illus. 49 ref. Price: GBP 8.50.
Vignon M., Dupas D., Géraut C.
Streptococcus suis meningitis: A severe noncompensated occupational disease
Méningite à Streptococcus suis: une maladie professionnelle grave non indemnisable [in French]
French version of article published in English in the Journal of Occupational Medicine and abstracted under CIS 93-2072. Meningitis caused by Streptococcus suis type 2, a rare disease first recognized in 1968 (108 cases worldwide in 1989), is contracted by occupational exposure to pigs and often results in very severe disabilities (definitive deafness and ataxia in 50% of cases). The case of an employee in a rendering plant whose initial symptom was deafness is reported. A detailed analysis of medical and veterinary literature is provided concerning the epidemiology of the disease, the clinical forms in man, bacteriological diagnosis and the role of the pig as a healthy carrier. It is recommended that this occupational disease be officially recognized for compensation in France.
Archives des maladies professionnelles, 1993, Vol.54, No.6, p.487-494. 40 ref.
Blanchin N., Abadia G., Leprince A.
Risk of infection associated with the management and handling of experimental animals in animal facilities
Risques infectieux liés à la maintenance et à la manipulation des animaux de laboratoire pour le personnel travaillant dans les animaleries [in French]
Contents of this information sheet on the risk of infection associated with the handling of laboratory animals: 1. main infectious agents of animal origin which are pathogenetic in men (table on the use of vertebrate animals in 1990); 2. real risks in relation to the animals handled and their sources (table of bacterial, viral, parasitic, ectoparasitic and fungal diseases, with information on: name of the aetiological agent, degree of pathogenicity in man, animal vectors, mode of contamination diagnosis and treatment); 3. guidelines for the prevention of infectious risks in laboratory animal facilities (vaccinations, safety precautions in case of a bite or any other contaminating incident, training and information of employees).
Documents pour le médecin du travail, 1st Quarter 1993, No.53, p.3-23. 61 ref.
Leptospirosis; Leptospirosis in pigs
Two safety brochures devoted to leptospirosis (also known as Weil's disease and swineherds' disease), a common zoonosis caught from cattle, pigs, deer and some wild animals. Symptoms, means and spread of infection, persons at risk and preventative measures are described.
Occupational Safety and Health Service, Department of Labour, P.O. Box 3705, Wellington, New Zealand, [1993?]. 2 brochures of 2p. each. Illus.
Davies P.T.G., Jahfar S., Ferguson I.T., Windl O.
Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease in individuals occupationally exposed to BSE
A case of Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (CJD) is briefly reported in a dairy farmer who was directly exposed to cases of bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE) on his farm. This second such report still does not associate CJD and BSE on statistical grounds, although it does emphasise the continuing importance of accurate diagnosis and reporting of all cases of CJD, especially those from potentially at risk occupations.
Lancet, 11 Sep. 1993, Vol.342, No.8872, p.680. 1 ref.
Moore R.M., Davis Y.M., Kaczmarek R.G.
An overview of occupational hazards among veterinarians, with particular reference to pregnant women
Veterinarians are challenged by a large number of occupational hazards, including exposure to ionising radiation, injury, infectious agents, and chemicals. In this paper, the health hazards in a typical veterinary practice are inventoried, and the risks of each are assessed. During the past few decades, there has been a significant increase in women entering the veterinary profession. Information is presented concerning the impact of various occupational hazards on the health of female practitioners and paraprofessionals, particularly with regard to the reproductive system. Many of the occupational hazards are exclusively, or more significantly, detrimental to females (particularly when pregnant) and to their unborn. Women must be aware of and avoid these hazards in their clinical environment. The purpose of this review is to assist practitioners in identifying and assessing the hazards in their practice and determining what steps must be taken to eliminate or reduce them.
American Industrial Hygiene Association Journal, Mar. 1993, Vol.54, No.3, p.113-120. 62 ref.
Health and Safety Executive
Farmwise: Your guide to health and safety
This booklet describes in straightforward terms the principles of health and safety on the farm. Contents: compliance with the law; safe use of machines; transport and handling of materials; farm forestry operations; safe use of electricity; guarding against fire and explosion; maintenance work; protective clothing and equipment; child safety; avoiding health problems; livestock hazards; safe use of chemicals; dangers of noise; exposure to dust and fumes; risk assessment; caring for the working environment; accidents and emergencies; legislation.
HMSO Books, P.O. Box 276, London SW8 5DT, United Kingdom, 1993. iii, 36p. Illus. 45 ref. Price: GBP 3.50.
Health and Safety Executive
The occupational zoonoses
Details are given of 17 zoonoses. Information provided includes: name of disease and responsible organism; animals carrying the organism; incidence; hazard to humans; means of transmission; occupations and activities at risk; means of control; clinical diagnosis; immunisation; legislation relating to notification of the disease. An introductory chapter outlines general regulatory requirements for hazard assessment, prevention and control, health surveillance and supply of information to employees. The diseases considered are: anthrax; bovine tuberculosis; brucellosis; cryptosporidiosis; hantavirus disease; hydatid disease (echinococcosis); leptospirosis (Weil's disease and cattle form); Lyme disease; Newcastle disease; orf; ovine chlamydiosis; psittacosis; Q fever; rabies; ringworm; Streptococcosis suis. A list of occupations with associated zoonosis hazards is appended.
HMSO Books, P.O. Box 276, London SW8 5DT, United Kingdom, 1993. viii, 32p. Bibl.ref. Price: GBP 5.00.
Diseases of unusual occupations: An historical perspective
An historical review of the nature and occurrence of some unusual occupational diseases is presented: coal miners' nystagmus; scrotal cancer and chimney sweeps; phossy jaw and matchmaking; mercurialism and hatters' shakes; painters' colic; potters' rot and endemic silicosis; chauffeurs' knee and the diseases of transportation; glanders and unusual infectious occupational diseases (factory fever, woolsorters' disease); diseases affecting work in marine-related occupations (mariners' tuberculosis, caisson disease); craft neuroses and trade palsies (writers' and telegraphers' cramps); unusual occupations and contemporary occupational diseases.
Occupational Medicine: State of the Art Reviews, July-Sep. 1992. Vol.7, No.3, p.369-384. 82 ref.
Dupas D., Vignon M., Géraut C.
Streptococcus suis meningitis - A severe noncompensated occupational disease
Meningitis caused by Streptococcus suis type 2, a rare disease first recognised in 1968 (108 cases worldwide in 1989), is contracted by occupational exposure to pigs and often results in very severe disabilities (definitive deafness and ataxia in 50% of cases). The case of an employee in a rendering plant whose initial symptom was deafness is reported. A detailed analysis of medical and veterinary literature is provided concerning the epidemiology of the disease, the clinical forms in man, bacteriological diagnosis and the role of the pig as a healthy carrier. It is recommended that this occupational disease be officially recognised for compensation in France.
Journal of Occupational Medicine, Nov. 1992, Vol.34, No.11, p.1102-1105. 28 ref.
Health and Safety Commission, Education Services Advisory Committee
Health and safety in animal facilities
This booklet describes the hazards encountered by laboratory animal workers and provides recommendations on safe working methods. Contents: the statutory framework (health and safety legislation, other legislation, European Directives); specific hazards (biological, chemical and physical hazards, fire hazards, waste disposal, security and welfare). Appendices include a summary of the Reporting of Injuries, Diseases and Dangerous Occurrences Regulations 1985 (RIDDOR) and a list of typical routine electrical checks for portable apparatus.
HMSO Books, P.O. Box 276, London SW8 5DT, United Kingdom, 1992. 30p. 71 ref. Price: GBP 4.00.
Brucellosis: Descriptive study of health risk factors and working conditions
Brucelosis: Estudio descriptivo sobre factores de riesgo laboral y condiciones de trabajo [in Spanish]
Study of work-induced brucellosis in Spain. Contents: analysis of statistical data on brucellosis (1985-1989); socio-economic impact of the disease; aims of the study; study methods (study design, questionnaires used, geographical scope); analysis of results (analysis of notified cases, cases by profession and labour activity, cases of temporary incapacity, cases by season); clinical symptoms and laboratory tests; analysis by possible source of infection and animal hygiene implications; livestock installations; analysis of other factors (province, age, sex, washing facilities, hygienic habits, type of disease); conclusions (incidence in the labour force, classification of risk factors, registers); recommendations for prevention. In annex: list of abbreviations; list of illustrations and tables; questionnaire forms.
Instituto Nacional de Seguridad e Higiene en el Trabajo, Ediciones y Publicaciones, c/Torrelaguna 73, 28027 Madrid, Spain, 1991. 148p. Illus.
Müller E., Wittig M.
Is chlamydia still an important pathogen to man? A case study
Chlamydien als Infektionserreger für den Menschen noch von Bedeutung? Eine Fallbeschreibung [in German]
A case of interstitial pneumonia was traced to Chlamydia ovis as causative agent. A female patient had worked three weeks before the outbreak of the disease on a temporary basis in a laboratory where chicken eggs were inoculated with Chlamydia ovis for producing a vaccine against the pathogen. Symptoms and treatment are described. A literature survey of known cases of infections with Chlamidiaceae reveals among other things birds and cattle as carriers of the pathogen. The importance of work history, serum diagnosis and chest radiography is stressed.
Arbeitsmedizin - Sozialmedizin - Präventivmedizin, Apr. 1991, Vol.26, No.4, p.153-156. 18 ref.
Ministère des affaires sociales et de l'intégration
Order of 23 August 1991 on vaccination: List of occupations concerned [France]
Arrêté du 23 août 1991 sur la vaccination: professions concernées [France] [in French]
Order of 23 Aug. 1991 (published in the Journal officiel of 3 Sep. 1991). This order, which completes Act 91-73 and orders of 6 Feb. 1991 and 15 Mar. 1991 (abstracted under CIS 91-1754), provides a list of medical and health care personnel to be immunised against hepatitis B, diptheria, tetanus and poliomyelitis.
Cahiers de notes documentaires - Sécurité et hygiène du travail, 4th Quarter 1991, No.145, Note No.1862-145-91, p.739.
Kligman E.W., Peate W.F., Cordes D.H.
Occupational infections in farm workers
This paper deals with occupational infections which can cause disease and disability in agricultural workers. Prevention and control methods discussed include: personal protective equipment; educational efforts; workplace revisions and engineering controls; animal control measures, such as vaccines and antibiotics. To the physician treating a farmer with various symptoms the paper offers checklists of questions concerning work activities, exposures, and medical history. The symptoms, diagnostic tests, treatment, and prevention and control of the 11 most common agricultural infections are presented: anthrax; ascariasis; brucellosis; viral encephalitis; leptospirosis; Q fever; rabies; Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever; staphylococcal infections; tetanus; tularaemia.
Occupational Medicine: State of the Art Reviews, July-Sep. 1991, Vol.6, No.3, p.429-446. 18 ref.
Fanning A., Edwards S.
Mycobacterium bovis infection in human beings in contact with elk (Cervus elaphus) in Alberta, Canada
Following an epizootic of M. bovis infection in domesticated elk, in Alberta, Canada, 466 human contacts of elk herds were identified, of whom 394 were assessed. Of 81 contacts whom were tuberculin skin-test positive, 50 had been in contact with culture-positive animals. The mode of transmission of M. bovis from these farm animals to man is likely to be aerosolisation of infected particles. Because of the apparent susceptibility of farmed Cervidae (deer) to M. bovis infection, and the evidence of spread to man, control measures to prevent human infection should be developed.
Lancet, 16 Nov. 1991, Vol.338, No.8777, p.1253-1255. 8 ref.
Ministère des affaires sociales et de la solidarité
Act of 18 January 1991 and Orders of 6 February and 15 March 1991: Vaccination. Compulsory vaccinations. Conditions of immunisation [France]
Loi n°91-73 du 18 janvier 1991 et arrêtés du 6 février et du 15 mars 1991: Vaccination - Obligations. Conditions d'immunisation [France] [in French]
All persons exposed as a result of their professional activity in a public or private health care or medical prevention establishment to the risk of contamination as well as all medical students must be immunised against hepatitis B, diphtheria, tetanus and poliomyelitis. Employees of biomedical analysis laboratories must also be vaccinated against typhoid fever. The cost of vaccination must be borne by the employer or the educational establishment concerned. The Order of 6 February 1991 lays down the conditions of immunisation of persons covered by article L.10 of the Public Health Code. The Order of 15 March 1991 provides a list of public or private health care or public health establishments in which exposed personnel must be vaccinated. Act No.91-73 was published in the Journal officiel of 20.01.1991. Decrees of 6 Feb. 1991 and 15 March 1991 were published in the Journal officiel of 21 Feb. 1991 and 3 April 1991, respectively.
Cahiers de notes documentaires - Sécurité et hygiène du travail, 1st Quarter 1991, No.143, Note No.1833-143-91, p.291 and 292.
Occupational diseases affecting persons who work in contact with animals and their products and wastes
Al-amrāḍ ul-mihniyya allati tasaadifu ladaa l-aškhaas allathiina yu(amaluun bi tamaass ma(a l-hayawaanaat wa muntajaatiha wa fadlaatiha [in Arabic]
Review emphasising the infectious diseases associated with animal husbandry. The diseases, the causative organisms, routes of infection and preventive measures are mentioned.
Arab Labour Office, Arab Institute for Occupational Health and Safety, P.O. Box 5770, Damascus, Syria, 1991. 34p.
Vaccinations at work. Regulations and responsibilities of the various people concerned [France]
Vaccinations en milieu de travail. Réglementation et obligation des différents acteurs [France] [in French]
In certain occupations some vaccinations are compulsory and others are recommended. Outside of these occupations, some vaccinations may be practical for the prevention of a particular occupational risk. Various compulsory and recommended vaccinations in France are presented, along with vaccinations under international regulations and requirements for vaccination at work. The responsibilities of the various people involved (employees, employers, industrial physicians) are explained and examples are given of how this responsibility may be assigned in two particular situations: contamination of a non-immunised individual and accidents with vaccines.
Documents pour le médecin du travail, 4th Quarter 1990, No.44, p.367-371. Illus. 23 ref.
Occupational medicine in Cameroon - Problems associated with workmen's compensation
Médecine du travail au Cameroun - Problèmes de réparation des préjudices corporels [in French]
Contents of this book on problems associated with workmen's compensation in Cameroon: I - Historical survey. II - Problems respecting compensation of occupational accidents and diseases. III - Future of occupational medicine and accident prevention in Cameroon. Appendix: Main OSH laws: Law of 13 July 1977 concerning compensation for and prevention of industrial accidents and occupational diseases, including the schedule of occupational diseases (see CIS 79-2096); Law of 18 Nov. 1968 pertaining to the organisation of the prevention of occupational accidents and diseases and comments on Law of 23 Dec. 1982 pertaining to OSH committees.
Editions Sopecam, BP 1218, Yaoundé, Cameroon, 1990. 248p. Illus. 50 ref.
Disposal of potentially contaminated animal wastes
This data sheet is a revision of the 1984 edition (CIS 85-1003). It outlines the planning and procedures necessary for safe handling and disposal of potentially contaminated animal wastes in biomedical laboratory facilities, veterinary, clinical, research or teaching institutions, animal quarantine units, and other facilities where diseased animals are housed.
National Safety Council, 444 North Michigan Avenue, Chicago, IL 60611, USA, 1990. 4p. 22 ref.
Advisory Committee on Dangerous Pathogens
Categorisation of pathogens according to hazard and categories of containment
Contents of this guide: introductory comments on assessing the dangers of pathogenic organisms, a review of categorisation, physical containment of work and implementation of preventive measures; categories of pathogens (allocation of pathogens to hazard groups; definition of hazard groups; matching hazard group with containment level; modification to containment; categorisation lists; vaccination; vaccinia immunisation; sources of vaccines and other immunological products); categories of containment (model rules; local adjustments to levels of containment; laboratory and animal room containment levels). Appendices include: recommendations for certain types of virus, the use of Class II microbiological safety cabinets, respiratory protective equipment and training of laboratory personnel.
HMSO Books, P.O. Box 276, London SW8 5DT, United Kingdom, 2nd ed., 1990. 68p. 17 ref. Price: 6.00.
Collins C.H., Grange J.M.
The microbiological hazards of occupations
Topics covered in this book: descriptions of various types of microorganisms and methods of identification; host defence mechanisms, allergies, vaccination and immunisation; sources and routes of occupational infections and descriptions of job-associated diseases; respiratory allergies associated with microorganisms; safe working practices; sterilisation and disinfection of microbiological waste; microbiological monitoring; microbiological hazards of air conditioning, plumbing and humidifying systems; food-borne illnesses; working in controlled or sterile environments; use of microorganisms in industry; hazards and benefits of genetic engineering; personal protection; legal aspects.
Science Reviews Ltd. and H & H Scientific Consultants Ltd., P.O. Box MT27, Leeds LS17 8QP, United Kingdom, 1990. 134p. Illus. 38 ref.
Biosafety in the laboratory: Prudent practices for the handling and disposal of infectious materials
Manual on the safe handling and disposal of hazardous biological materials in the laboratory. Contents: descriptive epidemiology of occupational infections of laboratory workers; safe handling of infectious agents (pathogenic and other microorganisms, hazards from vertebrate animals and from insects, primary and continuous cell cultures, necroscopy and surgical specimens, good laboratory practices, transportation of specimens, prevention of aerosol and droplet generation, containment equipment, biosafety in large-scale and small-volume laboratories); safe disposal of infectious laboratory waste; safety management. Appendices include: guidelines on biosafety in microbiological and biomedical laboratories; recommendations for prevention of HIV transmission; summary of zoonotic pathogens causing disease in man.
National Academy Press, 2101 Constitution Avenue, NW, Washington, DC 20418, USA, 1989. xii, 222p. Illus. Bibl.ref. Index. Price: USD 29.95.
Toxoplasmosis - A summary of the occupational health concern
La toxoplasmose - Un résumé des risques sur le plan professionnel [in French]
Toxoplasmosis is an infectious disease caused by contact with infected animals or meat. The disease may also be passed from a pregnant woman to her foetus. Special precautions are required for workers involved in animal care, slaughterhouse work, agriculture and gardening, laboratory work and health care.
Canadian Centre for Occupational Health and Safety, 250 Main Street East, Hamilton, Ontario L8N 1H6, Canada, Aug. 1989. 5p. 13 ref.
National Occupational Health and Safety Commission (Worksafe Australia)
Diseases acquired from animals
This safety guide to zoonoses is aimed principally at farmers, abattoir workers, food processing workers, health workers in contact with animals, biological researchers, livestock handlers, workers in the pet industry and workers in wildlife parks, circuses and zoological gardens. Contents: identification of zoonoses; basic information on the most commonly seen zoonoses in Australia (Murray Valley fever, Q fever, psittacosis, acute gastroenteritis, leptospirosis, ringworm, hydatid disease, brucellosis, orf, anthrax); prevention and management of exposure to zoonoses in an occupational setting.
Australian Government Publishing Service, GPO Box 84, Canberra ACT 2601, Australia, Dec. 1989. 30p. Illus. 8 ref. Price: AUD 5.95.
Liberman D.F., Gordon J.G.
Biohazards management handbook
This handbook is divided into 3 main sections: 1. Facility considerations: design and ventilation of biomedical and other facilities and certification of biosafety cabinets; management programmes for pests and hazardous chemicals; hazard control on the animal research facility. 2. Biosafety principles and practices: laboratory and industrial perspectives on biosafety; hospital epidemiology and infection control; personal protection and hygiene and medical surveillance; infections waste management; safe use and disposal of chemotherapy agents; chemical health risks. 3. Regulatory agency consideration: controlling the release of microorganisms; consideration of OSHA standards as applied to laboratories; training program to meet the OSHA requirement on HBV/HIV.
Marcel Dekker Journals, 270 Madison Avenue, New York, NY 10016, USA, 1989. 466p. Illus. Bibl. Price: USD 125.00 (for USA and Canada); USD 150.00 (for all other countries).
Psittacosis (Ornithosis) - A summary of the occupational health concern
La psittacose (ornithose) - Résumé des risques sur le plan professionnel [in French]
Psittacosis is an occupational health hazard for those whose work brings them into contact with birds. It is primarily a lung disease caused by inhalation of airborne microorganisms or by handling an infected bird. Preventive measures include proper feeding of birds, avoidance of overcrowding and adequate ventilation systems.
Canadian Centre for Occupational Health and Safety, 250 Main Street East, Hamilton, Ontario L8N 1H6, Canada, June 1989. 4p. 9 ref.
Wiggins P., Schenker M.B., Green R., Samuels S.
Prevalence of hazardous exposures in veterinary practice
462 female graduates of a major U.S. veterinary school were surveyed by questionnaire to obtain details of hazard exposure during the most recent year worked and during all pregnancies. Small-animal practitioners reported the highest rates of exposure to anaesthetic gas (94%), X-rays (90%), and pesticides (57%). Large-animal practitioners reported greater rate of trauma (64%) and potential exposure to prostaglandins (92%), Brucella abortus vaccine (23%), and carbon monoxide (18%). 41% of respondents who reported taking X-rayss did not wear film badges, and 27% of the respondents exposed to anaesthetic gases worked at facilities which did not have waste anaesthetic gas scavenging systems. Women who worked as veterinarians during a pregnancy attempted to reduce exposures to X-rayss, insecticides, and other potentially hazardous exposures which are common in veterinary practice. Measures to educate workers and to reduce these exposures should not await demonstration of adverse health effects.
American Journal of Industrial Medicine, July 1989, Vol.16, No.1, p.55-66. Bibl.
Some harmful Australian insects
Survey of the toxic effects, allergic reactions and infections caused by bites of or other contact with common Australian insects, often in an occupational context (farmers, beekeepers, entomologists). The insects are: bees; wasps; ants; flies and mosquitoes; moths, butterflies and caterpillars; fleas; lice; hemiptera.
Medical Journal of Australia, 5-19 Dec. 1989, Vol.149, No.1112, p.656-662. Illus. 49 ref.
Safety in animal production. 2 - pigs
Arbeitsschutz bei der Tierproduktion 2 - Schwein [in German]
Fundamental safety rules and managerial measures in pig production are stated. Instructions on how to avoid injury by pigs follow. Technical measures and safe behaviour in order to prevent mechanical injuries and infection in feeding, faeces removal and animal transport, breeding and veterinary operations are outlined. Hints for small farmers are included. Annexed is a list of typical occupational diseases, exposures and necessary fitness examinations as well as relevant legal documents and other references. Addressed to those engaged in practical animal husbandry.
Verlag Tribüne, Am Treptower Park 28/30, DDR-1193 Berlin, 1988. 93p. Illus. Bibl.
Rabies - A summary of the occupational health concern
This data sheet covers: what is and what causes rabies; latent period; source; how common in Canada; how do infections occur; occupations at risk; signs of the disease; laboratory tests; treatment; protection of workers; precautions for control; immunisation for workers; workplace hygiene recommendations.
Canadian Centre for Occupational Health and Safety, 250 Main Street East, Hamilton, Ontario L8N 1H6, Canada, Mar. 1988. 9p.
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