Zoonoses - 231 entries found
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Le Bâcle C.
Current situation with respect to zoonoses: 30th National Symposium of Agricultural Medicine
L'actualité des zoonoses - XXXe symposium national de médecine agricole [in French]
The objective of this symposium on zoonoses held on 25 April 2003 in Tours, France, was to discuss the current situation of known zoonoses and to shed light on emerging pathologies. The wide range of participants included medical practitioners from the farmers' cooperative insurance company, occupational physicians, infectologists, veterinarians and biologists. Topics presented and reviewed in this article include: main zoonoses transmitted by farm animals; main zoonoses transmitted by domestic animals; zoonoses from wild animals; current advances in human medicine; Q fever in France and recent epidemics; psittacosis and poultry farming; toxocariasis among humans.
Documents pour le médecin du travail, 4th Quarter 2003, No.96, p.459-473.
Health and Safety Executive
Farm child UK - Part I: A report on the nature and incidence of accidents and zoonoses to children under sixteen years on farms and in the countryside - Part II: A literature review of the nature and incidence of accidents and zoonoses affecting children as farm residents and also users of the countryside
This report presents the findings from a prospective quantitative and qualitative study conducted by collecting data on accidents and zoonoses to children under the age of 16 on farms and in the countryside over a 16-month period through primary care networks. General practitioners were selected from defined regions to collect data on farm accidents and zoonoses seen in children in primary care. The data were analysed to identify the nature and numbers of accidents and illness occurring in children. A typology of high risk situations for childhood accidents and zoonoses connected with the countryside and agriculture is presented and commented in light of the findings from available literature.
HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 2WA, United Kingdom, 2003. xii, 169p. Illus. 211 ref. Price: GBP 30.00.
http://www.hse.gov.uk/research/rrpdf/rr110.pdf [in English]
Ruiz Figueroa M.J., García Puente N.E.
Prevention of biological hazards in livestock rearing
La prevención del riesgo biológico en la ganadería [in Spanish]
The livestock rearing sector is subject to the provisions of Royal Decree 664/1997 of 12 May on the protection of workers against biological hazards (see CIS 98-411). Following a brief overview of legal requirements with respect to the prevention of biological hazards in livestock rearing and a presentation on the current situation of the sector in Spain (types of farms and production data), this document, aimed at occupational health services goes on to provide information enabling the qualitative evaluation of biological hazards and the control of preventive measures in the sector. Topics covered: definitions of biological pathogens, risk groups and occupational risk classification; tables showing the hazards associated with certain tasks in various sectors mentioning the biological hazards to which workers are exposed, the hazard group and the disease caused; clinical, biological or functional diagnosis of all diseases caused by biological agents; technical and medical prevention measures for various biological hazards; recommendations for the prevention of hazards in livestock rearing.
Instituto Nacional de Seguridad e Higiene en el Trabajo, c/Torrelaguna 73, 28027 Madrid, Spain, 2003. 140p. Illus. 83 ref. Price: EUR 3.44.
Roussel C., Barret G.
Working conditions and occupational hazards in veterinary clinics
Conditions de travail et risques professionnels dans les cliniques vétérinaires [in French]
This article presents the results of a survey on the occupational hazards faced by persons working in urban veterinary clinics, together with the findings from a survey of published literature summarizing the main pathologies encountered in this sector of activity. The survey involved 43 persons employed in veterinary services in the French department of Val d'Oise. The main hazards highlighted included exposure to ionizing radiation and chemicals (in particular anaesthetic gases and vapours), zoonoses, skin and respiratory allergies, and scratch and bite injuries.
Documents pour le médecin du travail, 2nd Quarter 2003, No.94, p.161-167. 24 ref.
http://www.inrs.fr/htm/conditions_travail_risques_professionnels_dans.html [in French]
Malard S., Schaffner F., Le Bâcle C.
Dengue: A public health problem related to certain occupational activities
La dengue: un problème de santé publique lié à des activités professionnelles [in French]
Dengue is a viral disease characterized by high bouts of fever accompanied by tremors, frontal headache, myalgia and intense musculoskeletal pain in the upper and lower extremities. It may be fatal. The objective of this feature article is to discuss the risks of importing into France the mosquito vector of the disease (Aedes), to alert the enterprises at risk by way of their occupational physician and to propose preventive measures. Contents: sectors of activity concerned by the disease (direct exposure to goods imported by sea from Asia and Africa, in particular used tyres and plant seedlings); evaluation and characterization of the hazard (description of the disease and its vectors); prevention within the enterprise (current sanitary regulations, storage, disinfection); specific problems faced by French overseas territories.
Documents pour le médecin du travail, 2nd Quarter 2003, No.94, p.151-160. Illus. 26 ref.
http://www.inrs.fr/htm/la_dengue_probleme_sante_publique_lie_activites.html [in French]
Health and Safety Executive
Avoiding ill health at open farms - Advice to teachers
This information sheet provides advice to teachers on how to reduce health risks to children during visits to open farms. The main hazard is a transmission of animal microorganisms to humans; E. coli O157 in particular can cause severe illness in young children. Contents: precautions to be taken before the visit (reading and understanding the advice in the main information sheet aimed at farmers (CIS 01-580), making provisions for the proper supervision of children during the visit); precautions to be taken during and after the visit (preventing children from touching animals, washing of hands, eating arrangements, supervision of children). Reprinted with updated references (replaces the supplement sheet analysed as part of CIS 01-580).
HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 2WA, United Kingdom, Sep. 2002. 1p.
http://www.hse.gov.uk/pubns/ais23.pdf [in English]
Contamination of ventilation systems by pigeons: An unrecognized hazard
La contamination des systèmes de ventilation par des pigeons: un risque méconnu [in French]
The presence of pigeons can lead to the contamination of ventilation systems and it favours the growth of microorganisms that can affect the health of persons inside the buildings. Indeed, the contamination of ventilation systems by pigeon droppings is an unrecognized hazard that needs to be addressed. This article describes the symptoms of various diseases caused by pigeons, as well as the measures that need to be taken when pigeons establish a nesting colony near a ventilation system (disinfection, removal of the droppings, decontamination of the premises, installation of physical obstacles).
Travail et santé, Dec. 2002, Vol.18, No.4, p.22-26. Illus. 11 réf.
Le Bâcle C., Bayeux-Dunglas M.C.
The forest and its ills: From tree to man - XXVIIIth national symposium of agricultural medicine, 22 June 2002, Tours
La forêt et ses maux: de l'arbre à l'homme - XXVIIIe symposium national de médecine agricole, 22 juin 2001, Tours [in French]
This article is a summary of the papers presented at an agricultural medicine symposium devoted to forestry, held on 22 June 2001 in Tours, France. Contents: economic and social role of forestry in France; occupational hazards during forestry work and woodworking; forestry workers and vibration hazards; hazards from toxic substances used for the treatment of wood; prevention of diseases caused by arthropods; epidemic haemorrhagic fever; Lyme's disease.
Documents pour le médecin du travail, 1st Quarter 2002, No.89, p.65-74.
Health and Safety Executive
Common zoonoses in agriculture
This data sheet describes United Kingdom legal requirements for the control of the risk of zoonoses in humans, and provides guidance on precautions: occupational hygiene practices when working with livestock; use of personal protective equipment; provision of separate washing and eating facilities for farm visitors. Symptoms, treatment and control of some common zoonoses are outlined. Replaces CIS 01-883.
HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 2WA, United Kingdom, Feb. 2002. 6p. 3 ref.
Pelle-Duporte D., Gendre J.C.
Outbreaks of ornithosis in a poultry processing plant
Epidémies d'ornithose dans un abattoir de volailles [in French]
Psittacosis or ornithosis, also known as avian chlamidiosis, is an infectious zoonosis caused by Chlamydia psittaci bacteria, of which birds are the usual vectors. In humans, it causes pneumopathy and other flu-like symptoms. The two outbreaks described in this article occurred in a poultry processing plant in the west of France. Thanks to their knowledge of the work environment, occupational physicians were able in both cases to establish a diagnosis and to coordinate the inquiry among workers and their physicians, thereby enabling a prompt and efficient treatment of the affected workers. These two outbreaks are not isolated cases, other instances having occurred in the poultry industry.
Documents pour le médecin du travail, 1st Quarter 2001, No.85, p.49-57. 22 ref.
http://www.inrs.fr/htm/epidemies_ornithose_dans_abattoir_volailles.html [in French]
Picciotto D., Provenzani A., Sorrentino S., Vitale F., Vesco G., Caracappa S., Verso M.G.
Rickettsiosis in Sicily and mass media: A not entirely groundless attention
Rickettsiosi in Sicilia e mezzi di comunicazione di massa: attenzione non del tutto immotivata [in Italian]
The prevalence of rickettsial diseases was assessed in Sicily (Italy) with special attention to possible occupational exposure, due to a high number of cases reported in the press. Epidemiological data showed that Sicily was indeed the Italian region where most cases of rickettsiosis occurred. Analysis of the clinical data showed that an occupational risk existed among small farmers, and that there was also a risk for other subjects active in rural areas, due to contact with infected dogs.
Medicina del lavoro, Sep.-Oct. 2000, Vol.91, No.5, p.494-500. 7 ref.
Le Bâcle C., Balty I., Leprince A.
Risk of transmission of the bovine spongiform encephalopathy agent to workers in the meat industry
Risque de transmission de l'agent de l'encéphalopathie spongiforme bovine aux travailleurs de la filière viande de boucherie [in French]
The evaluation of the risk of transmission of bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE) to workers in the meat industry and the management of this risk is a concern common to government authorities, health insurance institutions, workers, trade unions and management. Faced with the rapid progress in scientific data, which however still leave wide areas of uncertainty, the Institut national de recherche et de sécurité (INRS) felt it was appropriate to take stock of the current situation with respect to the risks of transmission of BSE and other zoonoses to workers in the meat industry. This form of assistance is part of the INRS mission. Presented in the form of answers to questions listed beforehand by the bodies representing the various interested parties, this report takes into account scientific knowledge, the epidemiological situation and the regulatory framework prevailing in May 2000.
Documents pour le médecin du travail, 4th Quarter 2000, No.84, p.415-434.
Chew M.H.L., Arguin P.M., Shay D.K., Rollin P.E., Shieh.W.J., Zaki S.R., Rota P.A., Ling A.E., Ksiazek T.G., Chew S.K., Anderson L.J.
Risk factors for Nipah virus infection among abattoir workers in Singapore
During 10-19 March 1999, 11 workers in one of two Singapore abattoirs developed Nipah-virus-associated encephalitis or pneumonia, resulting in one death. A case-control study was conducted to determine occupational risk factors for infection. Case patients were workers from the affected abattoir who had anti-Nipah IgM antibodies; control subjects were randomly selected workers from the same abattoir who tested negative for anti-Nipah IgM. All 13 case patients versus 26 (63%) of 41 control subjects reported contact with live pigs. No unusual illnesses among pigs processed during February-March were reported. Contact with live pigs appeared to be the most important risk factor for human Nipah virus infection. In the other abattoir where no case was reported, the use of face shields increased among eviscerators 3-4 months before the outbreak. Direct contact with live, potentially infected pigs should be minimized to prevent transmission of this potentially fatal zoonosis to humans.
Journal of Infectious Diseases, 2000, No.181, p.1760-1763. 14 ref.
Health and Safety Executive
Common zoonoses in agriculture
This data sheet describes United Kingdom legal requirements for the control of the risk of zoonoses in humans, and provides guidance on precautions: occupational hygiene practices when working with livestock; use of personal protective equipment; provision of separate washing and eating facilities for farm visitors. Symptoms, treatment and control of some common zoonoses are outlined. Replaces CIS 97-1012.
HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 2WA, United Kingdom, Rev.ed., Nov. 2000. 6p. 2 ref.
Health and Safety Executive
Avoiding ill health at open farms - Advice to farmers; Advice to teachers
This information sheet provides advice to farmers and others responsible for open farms on how to reduce health risks to visitors, particularly to children. A supplementary sheet is aimed at teachers. The main hazard is a transmission of animal microorganisms to humans; E. coli O157 in particular can cause severe illness in young children. Main topics covered: legal requirements for open farms; risk assessment; risk control; farm layout and access areas to visitors; animal contact; eating areas; washing facilities; visitor information and signs; staff training and supervision; livestock management procedures; manure and compost; laying out a "no contact" farm. Additional sources of advice to farmers are provided. Replaces CIS 98-676.
HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 2WA, United Kingdom, June 2000. 4p. + 1p. (Supplement).
http://www.hse.gov.uk/pubns/ais23.pdf [in English]
Cancer in veterinarians
This is a review of the literature on carcinogenic risks among veterinarians, who are exposed to radiation, anaesthetic gases, pesticides and zoonoses. The levels of exposure to potential carcinogens are examined and evidence is reviewed for carcinogenesis of these substances in humans at doses similar to those experienced by veterinarians. Results indicate that veterinarians have considerable potential for exposure to several known and potential carcinogens. Risks may be posed by work in clinics with poorly maintained X-ray equipment, by use of insecticides, and from contact with carcinogenic zoonotic organisms. Studies suggest that veterinarians have increased mortality from lymphohaematopoietic cancers, melanoma, and possibly colon cancer. Information gathered on the carcinogenic risks of these exposures has implications for many other occupations, in particular veterinary nurses, animal handlers and some farmers.
Occupational and Environmental Medicine, May 2000, Vol.57, No.5, p.289-297. 107 ref.
Martí Solé M.C., Alonso Espadalé R.M., Constans Aubert A.
Biological hazard prevention in the laboratory: Work with viruses
Prevención del riesgo biológico en el laboratorio: trabajo con virus [in Spanish]
This information note provides guidance on biological hazards linked to the handling of various viruses (hepatitis A, B and C, herpes, influenza, Armstrong's disease, polio, rabies, spongiform encephalopathy and vesicular stomatitis, HIV and SIV retroviruses); modes of transmission and levels of confinement appropriate for safe work in laboratories.
Instituto Nacional de Seguridad e Higiene en el Trabajo, Ediciones y Publicaciones, c/Torrelaguna 73, 28027 Madrid, Spain, 1999. 6p. 8 ref.
Cercopithecine herpesvirus 1 (B virus) infection resulting from ocular exposure
Persons in contact with macaque monkeys are at risk of infection from Cercopithecine herpesvirus (B virus). These infections can be fatal, approximately 40 known cases of fatal human B virus infections being described in medical literature. This information sheet describes the case of a scientific research worker having been infected by a monkey through liquid entering her eye, with a fatal outcome. It describes preventive measures that need to be taken by persons exposed to macaque monkeys, with emphasis on eye protection.
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 1600 Clifton Road, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA, May 1999. 4p.
Grieco A., Iavicoli S., Berlinguer G.
Contributions to the history of occupational and environmental prevention
Proceedings of the 1st international conference on the history of occupational and environmental prevention held in Rome, Italy, 4-6 October 1998. Main topics covered: pioneers in occupational and environmental health; historical perspectives of policy, ethics and regulations; ecological aspects; occupational hazards and diseases; institutions and movements contributing to the development of prevention.
Elsevier Science B.V, Sara Burgerhartstraat 25, P.O. Box 211, 1000 AE Amsterdam, The Netherlands, 1999. xii, 424p. Illus. Bibl.ref. Index.
Payne D.A., Mehta S.K., Tyring S.K., Stowe R.P., Pierson D.L.
Incidence of Epstein-Barr virus in astronaut saliva during spaceflight
Astronauts experience psychological and physical stresses that may result in reactivation of latent viruses during spaceflight, potentially increasing the risk of disease among crewmembers. In order to test the hypothesis that the level of Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) in the saliva of astronauts increases during spaceflight, a total of 534 saliva specimens were collected from 11 EBV-seropositive astronauts before, during, and after four space shuttle missions. The presence of EBV DNA in saliva was assessed by polymerase chain reaction. The findings were that EBV DNA was detected more frequently before flight than during or after flight. No significant difference between the inflight and postflight periods was detected in the frequency of occurrence of EBV DNA. In conclusion, the increased frequency of shedding of EBV before flight suggests that stress levels may be greater before launch than during or after spaceflight.
Aviation, Space, and Environmental Medicine, Dec. 1999, Vol.70, No.12, p.1211-1213. Illus. 23 ref.
Gathering data on culture and health to develop educational materials on zoonoses for subsistence dairy farmers in Costa Rica
Socially and culturally sensitive educational materials on the transmission and prevention of zoonoses for subsistence dairy farmers in Costa Rica are being designed based on information gathered through a series of personal interviews. Women were targeted in the study since they make nutritional and health-related decisions for the family and in particular for children. The women in the study were able to actually describe the symptoms of many zoonotic diseases but were not necessarily able to identify those diseases by their medical name or knew of a vernacular name. All women preferred alternative medicine including herbal treatments and homoeopathy for any disease or ailment over western medicine. The radio was identified as the preferred source for health education dissemination for adults while it was story or colouring books for children.
Journal of Agromedicine, 1999, Vol.6, No.1, p.33-41. 9 ref.
Tripp R.S., Olson D.K., Shutske J., Schermann M.
Health and safety issues in hog production: A review of the literature
The industrialization of pork production is a gradual process. While operators are focussed increasingly on production which is efficient and of high quality, they must also be aware of the potential costs to their employees. The use of confinement facilities exposes workers to health and safety risks, which in turn may increase operating costs through increased health care and insurance expenses. Respiratory problems in hog confinement workers as well as exposure to toxic gases and physical injuries related to the handling of and the caring for livestock are well documented. In order to protect their employees, employers need to know about these risks, their impact on the operation and the methods of preventing injuries and illnesses. As the number of employees increases, operators also become subject to OSH regulations.
Journal of Agromedicine, 1999, Vol.6, No.2, p.3-23. 63 ref.
Rieger M.A., Nübling M., Hofmann F.
Spring-summer meningoencephalitis - A problem for occupational medicine
Die Frühsommermeningoenzephalitis als arbeitsmedizinisches Problem [in German]
Literature survey on the present knowledge of the pathogenesis, occurrence, diagnosis and prevention of tick-borne viral meningoencephalitis shows that: the virus causing the disease is borne by two types of the Ixodes tick which are widespread in Europe and Asia. The enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) is most commonly used by doctors to diagnose the disease. However, the assay is not specific to the antibodies produced by the virus. Yellow fever and dengue fever viruses, which are related to the virus causing the tick-borne meningoencephalitis, may also produce positive ELISA results. In doubtful cases, the more specific Western blot test is used. It is not known at present how many persons bitten by virus-infected ticks are affected. For people working in agriculture, the risk of contracting the disease was found to be moderately higher and for forestry workers significantly higher than the general population. Workers at risk should be vaccinated. Tick-borne meningoencephalitis should be classified as an occupational disease.
Ergo-Med, Mar.-Apr. 1999, Vol.23, No.2, p.72-85. Illus. 124 ref.
Cartier B., Jost M., Rüegger M., Gutzwiller A.
Vaccination of health care personnel
Impfungen des Personals im Gesundheitswesen [in German]
Vaccination du personnel de santé [in French]
Information booklet on preventive vaccination of health care personnel. Contents: vaccination as an effective preventive method against infectious diseases; principles of personnel vaccination; vaccination against hepatitis B; other vaccination (hepatitis A, measles/mumps/rubella, chickenpox, tetanus/diphtheria, poliomyelitis); responsibilities of employers and workers.
Schweizerische Unfallversicherungsanstalt (SUVA), Abteilung Arbeitsmedizin, Postfach, 6002 Luzern, Switzerland, 1st ed., Mar. 1999. 11p. Illus.
Health risks when working in and around water
Topics: agriculture; allergies; biological hazards; chemical hazards; conjunctivitis; diving; dock work; fishing; gastrointestinal diseases; hazard evaluation; health hazards; hepatitis; legislation; leptospirosis; particulate radiation; poliomyelitis; sewage; shipbuilding industry; sports and recreation; swimming pools; United Kingdom; water transport; water.
Croner's Occupational Hygiene Magazine, Dec.-Jan. 1998/1999, No.13, p.11-16. 5 ref.
Agricultural tasks, exposures and diseases
Arbeiten, Expositionen und Krankheiten in der Landwirtschaft [in German]
Travaux, expositions et maladies dans l'agriculture [in French]
Topics: agricultural operations; agriculture; allergies; bacterial toxins; biological hazards; bovine spongiform encephalopathy; dairy farming; eczema; farmer's lung; fodder silos; grain dust; handling of animals; hay; health hazards; immunoglobulins; liquid manure; livestock rearing; moulds; noise; occupation disease relation; organic dust; poultry farming; swine; toxic gases; zoonoses.
Informations médicales - Medizinische Mitteilungen, Spring 1999, No.71, p.80-98 (French), p.79-96 (German). Illus. 4 ref.
Alerte aux macaques [in French]
Topics: experimental animals; fatalities; handling of animals; primates; virus diseases; zoonoses.
Travail et santé, Sep. 1998, Vol.14, No.3, p.38-40, 42. Illus. 14 ref.
Constans Aubert A., Alonso Espaladé R.M., Martí Solé M.C.
Sewage treatment plants: Biological hazards
Estaciones depuradoras de aguas residuales: riesgo biológico [in Spanish]
Topics: bacteria; biological hazards; data sheet; diphtheria; fungi; infectious hepatitis; influenza; leptospirosis; microorganisms; parasitic diseases; poliomyelitis; sewage treatment; Spain; tetanus; tuberculosis; typhoid fever; vaccination; viruses.
Instituto Nacional de Seguridad e Higiene en el Trabajo, Ediciones y Publicaciones, c/Torrelaguna 73, 28027 Madrid, Spain, 1998. 5p. 16 ref.
Health and Safety Commission, Advisory Committee on Dangerous Pathogens
Working safely with simians: Management of infection risks
Specialist supplement to CIS 97-1356. Topics: biological hazards; experimental animals; infection control; infectious diseases; legislation; rabies; safety guides; United Kingdom; virus diseases; zoonoses.
HSE Books, P.O.Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 6FS, United Kingdom, 1998. 24p. 14 ref.
Guo H.R., Gilmore R., Waag D.M., Shireley L., Freund E.
Prevalence of Coxiella burnetii infections among North Dakota sheep producers
A total of 17 cases of Coxiella burnetti infection were identified among 496 sheep producers, their family members and hired helpers in North Dakota, USA. The number of sheep raised was a good predictor of infection. Lambing outdoors and frequent physical contact with sheep during lambing were associated with higher risk. Q fever is now a reportable disease in this area. Topics: epidemiologic study; immunization; infectious diseases; livestock rearing; North Dakota; notification of occupational diseases; Q fever; risk factors; serological reactions; zoonoses.
Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Nov. 1998, Vol.40, No.11, p.999-1006. 55 ref.
Health and Safety Executive, Advisory Committee on Dangerous Pathogens
Guidance for handling meat and bone meal material - Supplement to BSE (Bovine spongiform encephalopathy): Background and general occupational guidance
Supplement to CIS 96-2312. Topics: bovine spongiform encephalopathy; contagion; disposal of harmful waste; exhaust ventilation; high-risk groups; infection control; meat industry; personal protective equipment; slaughtering; United Kingdom; zoonoses.
HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 6FS, United Kingdom, 1998. 4p.
Khuder S.A., Mutgi A.B., Schaub E.A.
Meta-analyses of brain cancer and farming
The consistent significant positive findings suggest that there is a weak association between brain cancer and farming. Exposures commonly experienced by farmers including infectious microorganisms and pesticides may contribute to the increased risk of brain cancer. Topics: agriculture; brain cancer; infectious diseases; literature survey; long-term exposure; microorganisms; occupation disease relation; pesticides; risk factors; zoonoses.
American Journal of Industrial Medicine, Sep. 1998, Vol.34, No.3, p.252-260. Illus. 89 ref.
Review of the literature: Streptococcus suis infections of people
Topics: bacterial diseases; infectious diseases; literature survey; streptococcal infections; swine; zoonoses.
Journal of Agromedicine, 1998, Vol.5, No.1, p.25-34. 65 ref.
24th National Congress of Occupational Medicine - Biological agents
Journées nationales de Médecine du Travail - Les agents biologiques [in French]
Topics: autoimmunization; biological hazards; compensation of occupational diseases; conference; hazard evaluation; health care personnel; infectious diseases; infectious hepatitis; medical prevention; occupational medicine; parasitic diseases; pathogenic bacteria; risk awareness; rubella; Staphylococcus; vaccination; viruses; warts; waste disposal; water treatment; zoonoses.
Archives des maladies professionnelles et de médecine du travail, July 1997, Vol.58, No.4, p.309-416. Illus. Bibl.ref.
Alonso Espadalé R.M., Martí Solé M.C., Constans Aubert A.
Work with experimental animals
Trabajo con animales de experimentación [in Spanish]
Topics: biological hazards; data sheet; experimental animals; genetically modified organisms; handling of animals; health hazards; infectious diseases; safe working methods; Spain; vaccination; zoonoses.
Instituto Nacional de Seguridad e Higiene en el Trabajo, Ediciones y Publicaciones, c/Torrelaguna 73, 28027 Madrid, Spain, 1997. 6p. Illus. 9 ref.
Regulation No.617 of 1997 concerning safety and health in agricultural activities [Argentina]
English version of the Spanish text analysed under CIS 98-382. Topics: agricultural equipment; agriculture; Argentina; electrical safety; fire prevention; law; logging; machinery guarding regulations; manual handling; occupational medicine; safety and health committees; safety and health training; tractors; zoonoses.
Official Bulletin (Argentina), 11 July 1997, No.28685, Section 1, 12p. Photocopy available from CIS.
Khuder S.A., Mutgi A.B.
Meta-analysis of multiple myeloma and farming
Topics: agriculture; cancer; carcinogens; epidemiologic study; literature survey; microorganisms; myeloma; occupation disease relation; organic solvents; pesticides; risk factors; USA; zoonoses.
American Journal of Industrial Medicine, Nov. 1997, Vol.32, No.5, p.510-516. Illus. 60 ref.
Launey A., Abadia G.
Topical zoonoses - XXIVth national symposium of agricultural medicine
Les zoonoses d'actualité - XXIVe Symposium national de médecine agricole en France [in French]
Topics: agriculture; bacterial diseases; conference; contagion; diagnosis; epidemiological aspects; France; infectious diseases; virus diseases; zoonoses.
Documents pour le médecin du travail, 4th Quarter 1997, No.72, p.371-378.
Regulation No.617 of 1997 concerning safety and health in agriculture [Argentina]
Reglamento nº617 de 1997 de Higiene y Seguridad para la Actividad Agraria [Argentina] [in Spanish]
This regulation was established in accordance with the Hazards at Work Act No.24-557 (CIS 97-1412). Topics: agricultural equipment; agriculture; Argentina; electrical safety; fire prevention; law; logging; machinery guarding regulations; manual handling; occupational medicine; safety and health committees; safety and health training; tractors; zoonoses.
Photocopy, 1997, 20p. Only in CIS.
Wilkins J.R., Steele L.L., Hueston W.D., Mac Crawford J., Gerken D.F.
Mixed-mode survey of female veterinarians yields high response rate
Topics: antifertility effects; embryotoxic effects; evaluation of technique; occupation disease relation; questionnaire survey; survey; USA; veterinary services; women; zoonoses.
Occupational Medicine, Nov. 1997, Vol.47, No.8, p.458-462. Illus. 31 ref.
Health and Safety Executive (HSE)
Anthrax: Safe working and the prevention of infection
This guidance document supersedes EH 23, published in 1979 (see CIS 80-166). Main topics covered: background information (anthrax is a potentially fatal infection caused by the bacterium Bacillus anthracis, spread from animals to man; the main reservoirs of the disease are domestic ungulates like cattle, horses etc. in certain parts of the developing world; the disease is spread primarily through skin lesions, inhalation and ingestion); prevalence of the disease (most common in Turkey, southeast Asia and West Africa); occupations and processes where anthrax presents a risk (occupations dealing with infected animals, infected animal material and a contaminated environment); risk assessment; control measures against anthrax infection. In appendices: relevant legislation in the UK; clinical features of anthrax; assessment and control of anthrax risks in the importation, transport and storage of textile fibres.
HSE Books, P.O.Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 6FS, United Kingdom, 1997. iv, 36p. Illus. Price: GBP 7.50.
Health and Safety Executive (HSE)
Working safely with research animals: Management of infection risks
Recommendations for the prevention of infections due to contact with laboratory animals. Contents: survey of the hazards (with a table presenting the specific diseases (zoonoses) spread by different species of laboratory animals); control measures - containment and operating procedures; Animal Containment Levels 1-4; decontamination and waste disposal. In appendices: legislation (in the UK) and local rules; information, instruction and training; emergency procedures; genetic modification; containment of invertebrates.
HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 6FS, United Kingdom, July 1997. vi, 55p. 17 ref. Price: GBP 7.95.
Das I., Fraise A., Wise R.
Are glycopeptide-resistant enterococci in animals a threat to human beings?
A brief case study is presented of a truck driver who suffered a compound fracture of the femur while working in a chicken-packaging factory. Tests showed that the wound was infected with vancomycin-resistant enterococci (VRE), commonly found in animals treated with a glycopeptide growth promoter (avoparcin). Identification of VRE in the chicken factory suggests that the infection was transmitted from the poultry.
Lancet, 5 Apr. 1997, Vol.349, No.9057, p.997-998. 5 ref.
Neumann-Haefelin D., Schweizer M.
Nonhuman primate spumavirus infections among persons with occupational exposure - United States, 1996
A serosurvey of workers potentially exposed to simian immunodeficiency viruses (SIV) identified SIV seroreactivity in samples from three workers who had worked with nonhuman primates for several years. Laboratory findings and case reports of the three infections are presented. Results indicate that SIVs from nonhuman primates can persistently infect exposed humans and may or may not cause disease or be transmitted among humans. Article reproduced from MMWR 1997; 46:110-111 of the US Centers for Disease Control.
Journal of the American Medical Association, 12 Mar. 1997, Vol.277, No.10, p.783-785.
Safety and health of meat, poultry and fish processing workers
This report explores working conditions and safety and health issues in the meat, poultry and food processing industries worldwide. Topics reviewed include: characteristic occupational hazards; frequency, causes and costs of occupational accidents and diseases; preventive measures; safety and health committees; information dissemination and training; national safety and health inspection; role of the ILO. Common features of the three sectors related to their poor safety and health records include manual operations involving dangerous hand tools, the gap in different levels of technology used, cold wet and greasy work premises, and contact with perishable raw materials which may carry dangerous microorganisms.
ILO Publications, International Labour Office, 1211 Genève 22, Switzerland, 1997. vii, 85+11p. Bibl.ref.
O'Sullivan J.D., et al.
Fatal encephalitis due to novel paramyxovirus transmitted from horses
A case study is presented of a man who developed aseptic meningitic illness shortly after caring for two horses that died from equine morbillivirus (EMV) infection. He also assisted at their necropsies without using a protective mask or gloves. 13 months later, he suffered severe encephalitis, characterized by uncontrolled focal and generalized epileptic activity. He died 14 days after hospitalization. The results of serology, electron microscopy, and immunohistochemistry suggest that EMV was the cause of the encephalitis.
Lancet, 11 Jan. 1997, Vol.349, No.9045, p.93-95. Illus. 5 ref.
Health and Safety Executive
The good health pack - An essential guide to occupational health in agriculture, horticulture and forestry
Topics: agriculture; back disorders; chemical safety; crop protection; dermatitis; economic aspects; forestry; hand-arm vibration; hazard evaluation; health engineering; health hazards; hearing loss; horticulture; infection control; infectious diseases; legislation; manual handling; medical supervision; mental health; mental stress; noise control; noise level; pesticides; plant health organization; respiratory diseases; risk factors; sensitization; skin cancer; skin diseases; training manuals; training material; United Kingdom; upper extremity disorders; whole-body vibration; zoonoses.
HSE Books, PO Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk Co10 6FS, United-Kingdom, 1996. 106p. Illus. Bibl.ref. Price: GBP 49.95.
Health and Safety Executive
Common zoonoses in agriculture
This data sheet describes United Kingdom legal requirements to control the risk of zoonoses in humans, and provides guidance on precautions: occupational hygiene practices when working with livestock; use of personal protective equipment; provision of separate washing and eating facilities for farm visitors. Symptoms, treatment and control of some common zoonoses are outlined.
HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 6FS, United Kingdom, Dec. 1996. 3p. 3 ref.
Escande F., Bailly A., Bone S., Lemozy J.
Actinobacillus suis infection after a pig bite
A brief case report is presented of a farmer with a purulent discharge from a knee wound following a pig bite. Bacteriological testing identified the microorganism causing the infection as Actinobacillus suis, a strain rarely isolated from humans. The importance of obtaining swabs to identify the microorganism in severe infections is stressed.
Lancet, 28 Sep. 1996, Vol.348, No.9031, p.888. 5 ref.
Young G.R., Fletcher N.A., Zeidler M., Estibeiro K.L., Ironside J.W.
Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease in a beef farmer
This brief communication describes the diagnosis of Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (CJD) in a beef farmer in the United Kingdom in 1995. The patient presented with visual disturbances and later developed generalized myoclonic twitching; he died three months after the onset of symptoms. A single case of bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE) had occurred in a cow on the farm in 1991, but it was not known to what extent the farmer had been in contact with the infected cow. The case is consistent with sporadic CJD.
Lancet, 31 Aug. 1996, Vol.348, No.9027, p.610-611. 5 ref.
Health and Safety Executive
Occupational health risks from cattle
This data sheet describes occupational risks from the cattle disease bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE) and from zoonoses. Contents: occurrence of BSE and limiting the spread of the disease; the risk to humans (Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease); exposure to BSE and zoonoses at work; precautions against zoonoses (avoiding cuts or puncture wounds, use of personal protective equipment); safe cleaning of bins which have contained meat and bone meal.
HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 6FS, United Kingdom, Sep. 1996. 3p. 1 ref.
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