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Skin diseases - 1,481 entries found

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CIS 99-1282 Guo Y.L., Wang B., Yeh K.C., Wang J.C., Kao H.H., Wang M.T., Shih H.C., Chen C.J.
Dermatoses in cement workers in southern Taiwan
A total of 1,147 current regular cement workers were telephone-interviewed about skin problems during the past 12 months, work exposure, and personal protection. Among those interviewed, 166 were examined and patch tested with common contact allergens. A high percentage of cement workers reported skin problems in the past 12 months. More men (13.9%) reported skin problems possibly related to work than women (5.4%). Prevalence was associated with lower use of gloves, duration of work as a cement worker, and more time in jobs involving direct manual handling of cement, especially tiling. On patch testing, construction workers had a high frequency of sensitivity to chromate. It is concluded that cement workers in southern Taiwan had a high prevalence of skin problems related to cement use. Topics: building industry; cobalt; cement; chromates; eczema; irritants; job-exposure relation; length of exposure; occupation disease relation; questionnaire survey; sensitization dermatitis; sex-linked differences; skin diseases; skin tests; Taiwan (China).
Contact Dermatitis, Jan. 1999, Vol.40, No.1, p.1-7. 22 ref.

CIS 99-856 Rast H., Pasche-Koo F.
Hairdresser's eczema: A growing problem
Aktuelles zum Coiffeur-Ekzem [in German]
Eczéma du coiffeur: un problème d'actualité [in French]
Topics: phenylenediamine; glyceryl monothioglycolate; ammonium thioglycolate; ammonium persulfate; polyvinyl chloride; dyes; eczema; hair preparations; hairdressing; latex; nitrile rubber; protective gloves; round-up; sensitization; skin diseases; workmen's compensation.
Informations médicales - Medizinische Mitteilungen, Spring 1999, No.71, p.31-36. Illus. 2 ref.

CIS 99-909 Ayadi M., Martin P.
Pulpitis of the fingers from a shoe glue containing 1,2-benzisothiazolin-3-one (BIT)
Topics: 1,2-benzisothiazolin-3-one; adhesives; case study; fingers; irritants; natural rubber; shoe industry; skin allergies; skin microtrauma; skin tests.
Contact Dermatitis, Feb. 1999, Vol.40, No.2, p.115-116. 16 ref.

CIS 99-884 Marconi P.M.B., Campagna G., Fabri G., Schiavino D.
Allergic contact dermatitis from colour developers used in automated photographic processing
Topics: case study; developers; eczema; photographic chemicals; photography; sensitization dermatitis; skin allergies.
Contact Dermatitis, Feb. 1999, Vol.40, No.2, p.109. 6 ref.

CIS 99-908 Kanerva L., Lahtinen A., Toikkanen J., Forss H., Estlander T., Susitaival P., Jolanki R.
Increase in occupational skin diseases of dental personnel
Records of occupational diseases of dentists and dental nurses over 3 3-year periods were studied to determine the relative risk of developing occupational allergic contact dermatitis. During the 9 observation years (1982-1984, 1986-1988, and 1992-1994) the majority of registered occupational diseases of dentists and dental nurses were skin diseases, followed by occupational repetitive strain injuries and occupational respiratory diseases.The incidence rate (IR) for allergic contact dermatoses/10,000 workers (contact urticaria included) increased from 26 in 1982-1984 to 79 in 1992-1994. The IR/10,000 of allergic contact dermatoses increased especially for dentists, from 5.4 in 1982 to 67 in 1992-1994. The increase for dental nurses was smaller: from 43 in 1982-1984 to 87 in 1992-1994. The most common causes of allergic contact dermatitis were plastics, disinfectants and antimicrobials, rubber chemicals, and mercury/mercury salts. The most common causes of irritant contact dermatitis were detergents, wet and dirty work, plastics chemicals and antimicrobials. Currently, Finnish dentists have the highest risk and dental nurses have the 4th highest risk of any occupation for developing occupational allergic contact dermatitis. Topics: dental assistants; dental services; detergents; eczema; irritants; methacrylates; natural rubber; plastics; rubber chemicals; sensitization dermatitis; skin allergies; skin diseases; urticaria.
Contact Dermatitis, Feb. 1999, Vol.40, No.2, p.104-108. 23 ref.

CIS 99-907 Le Croz C.J., Coninx D., Van Rengen A., El Aboubi S., Ducombs G., Benz M.H., Boursier S., Avenel-Audran M., Verret J.L., Erikstam U., Bruze M., Goossens A.
An epidemic of occupational contact dermatitis from an immersion oil for microscopy in laboratory personnel
Since November 1997, 14 successive cases of occupational contact dermatitis were observed in 13 technicians and 1 physician working in different laboratories. The dermatitis, located on the hands, forearms and face, erupted after each exposure to an immersion oil for microscopy. Patch tests were positive for epoxy resin (ER) in the European standard series (10/10 patients) and to a newly formulated Leica (TM) immersion oil (7/7 patients). 2 patients tested with individual ingredients of the oil demonstrated sensitization to liquid modified ER components, contained at >80% concentration in the oil, including bisphenol A diglycidyl ether. This report of epidemic contact dermatitis from ERs, used in an immersion oil for microscopy, emphasizes the need for perpetual vigilance in occupational medicine and the usefulness of multicentre contacts in dermato-allergology. Topics: bisphenol a diglycidyl ether; case study; eczema; epoxy resins; high performance chromatography; laboratory work; microscopic determination; sensitization; skin allergies; skin tests; thin-layer chromatography.
Contact Dermatitis, Feb. 1999, Vol.40, No.2, p.77-83. lllus. 31 ref.


CIS 09-832 Packham C.
Essentials of occupational skin management
This guide is aimed at all persons involved in the prevention of ill health due to workplace skin exposure. Contents: dermatological engineering; legislation and the skin at work; skin as a barrier; occupational skin disease; occupations giving rise to occupational skin diseases; risk assessment for non-respiratory hazards; exposure control through engineering; exposure control through protective equipment; selection and use of gloves; barrier creams; skin care; cross infection and the skin; creating an effective skin management system; investigating problems at work; technology and skin management.
The Limited Edition Press, 633 Liverpool Road, Southport, PR8 3NG, United Kingdom, 1998. xi, 454p. Illus. Bibl.ref. Index. Price: GBP 30.00.

CIS 01-779 Geier J., Schnuch A.
Contact allergies in the construction industry - An evaluation of the IVDK data 1994-1996
Kontaktallergien im Bau-Hauptgewerbe - Eine Auswertung der Daten des Informatiksverbunds Dermatologischen Kliniken (IVDK) 1994-1996 [in German]
Topics: allergens; bricklaying; isopropylphenylphenylenediamine; nickel; potassium dichromate; construction sites; epidemiologic study; epoxy resins; Germany; sensitization; skin allergies; skin diseases; skin tests; statistical evaluation; synthetic rubber; tiling.
Dermatosen in Beruf und Umwelt, May-June 1998, Vol.46. No.3, p.109-114. 20 ref.

CIS 01-156 Baur X., Chen Z., Allmers H., Raulf-Heimsoth M., Degens P.
Influence of a skin protective cream and of the allergen concentration in latex gloves on the results of wear tests of gloves
Einfluss einer Hautschutzcreme und des Allergengehaltes von Latexhandschuhen auf das Ergebnis des Handschuh-Tragetests [in German]
In experiments with 92 volunteers with suspected type I allergy to gloves made of natural rubber latex the protection provided by a protective cream was studied. Gloves rich in allergens and gloves with a low allergen content were used in the experiments. Most of the volunteers were health care workers. The gloves with the high allergen content produced a hypersensitivity reaction in 20% of the subjects while no such reaction was triggered among subjects wearing the gloves with the low allergen content. The use of a protective cream increased the number of hypersensitivity reactions to 34% among the wearers of gloves with high allergen content and to 3% among wearers of gloves with low allergen content. The negative effect of the protective cream and of the gloves with high allergen content could be confirmed in further experiments with 55 volunteers who tested the two kinds of gloves in parallel.
Allergologie, Dec. 1998, Vol.21, No.12, p.583-587. 15 ref.

CIS 00-1621 Keddie C.
Health and Safety Executive
A study of occupational dermatitis in further education training hairdressing establishments in Scotland
Hairdressers are known to be subject to a high risk of dermatitis. A total of 200 apprentice hairdressers attending 20 vocational education institutions were given structured questionnaires with the aim of assessing their level of awareness of occupational safety and health issues within their profession. Course senior lecturers or department health and safety representatives were also questioned. 20% of the students had pre-existing skin problems. A similar level had pre-existing respiratory problems, a history of allergy and were taking medication related to these conditions. A further 10% developed significant skin symptoms and 3% respiratory symptoms since commencing their training. The report makes several recommendations, in particular with respect to pre-entry health screening and training.
HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 2WA, United Kingdom, 1998. iv, 12p. Illus. 9 ref.

CIS 00-1327 Fontana L., Chamoux A., Belle B., Bruhl C., Catilina P.
A rare skin disease and professional aptitude: Dystrophic dominant Cockayne-Touraine type epidermolysis bullosa
Maladie dermatologique rare et aptitude: à propos d'une observation d'une épidermolyse bulleuse dystrophique dominante, type Cockayne-Touraine [in French]
A rare case of dystrophic dominant Cochayne-Touraine epidermolysis bullosa is reported in a teenager planning to be a joiner. The choice of career is discussed. Owing to the reassuring course of the disease, no contraindication was found.
Archives des maladies professionnelles et de médecine du travail, Dec. 1998, Vol.59, No.8, p.552-553. 2 ref.

CIS 00-785 Conde-Salazar L., Flis M., Guimaraens D.
Airborne dermatitis (Review of causing agents)
Dermatitis aerotransportadas (revisión de agentes causantes) [in Spanish]
Acute and chronic dermatoses of exposed parts of the body, and in particular, of the face, often pose diagnostic problems. A certain number of them are caused by substances that are first released in air and then settle on the exposed skin causing airborne contact dermatitis. These skin reactions can be classified as airborne allergic and irritant contact dermatitis, phototoxic reactions, photoallergic reactions, contact urticaria and acne. The harmful agents can occur in both professional and nonprofessional contexts, the first being more frequent. The most common sites for contact dermatitis caused by an airborne agent are the parts of the body that are exposed to the air, but can also occur on those parts not exposed. Irritant airborne reactions are more common than allergic, although they are more difficult to demonstrate. In occupational dermatology the recognition of the responsible agent deserves special attention, since in most cases it allows effective preventive or protective measures.
Medicina y seguridad del trabajo, 1998, Vol.XLV, No.178, p.1-16. 213 ref.

CIS 99-1887
Health and Safety Executive
Medical aspects of occupational skin disease
This guidance note is addressed to health professionals to advise them on the surveillance of those at risk from irritants, sensitizers and other non-infective skin damaging agents, excluding ionizing and non-ionizing radiation. It aims to advise on: the incidence and nature of occupational skin disease; the role of employers in preventing occupational skin disease; suitable and necessary health surveillance; and the management of individual cases. Topics: data sheet; dermatitis; diagnosis; eczema; epidemiological aspects; hazard evaluation; irritants; list of chemical substances; medical supervision; sensitization dermatitis; sensitizers; skin diseases; skin tests; transfer to other work; United Kingdom.
HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 6FS, United Kingdom, 1998. 8p. 17 ref. Price: GBP 5.50.

CIS 99-1601 Kieć-Świerczyńska M., Kręcisz B., Krysiak B., Kuchowicz E., Rydzyński K.
Occupational allergy to aldehydes in health care workers. Clinical observations. Experiments
Incidence of allergy to aldehydes was examined in 280 health care workers suffering from skin lesions. Allergy was diagnosed in 64 patients. The majority of these (85.9%) were sensitive only to one aldehyde. Formaldehyde caused allergy slightly more frequently (13.9%) than glutaraldehyde (12.4%). Only five patients were sensitive to glyoxal. In animal experiments, formaldehyde and glutaraldehyde showed a stronger irritant effect than glyoxal and the sensitizing activity of aldehydes was confirmed. Both glutaraldehyde and glyoxal were cytotoxic in animals. Topics: allergy tests; animal experiments; glyoxal; glutaraldehyde; formaldehyde; cytotoxic effects; eczema; health care personnel; irritants; sensitization; skin allergies.
International Journal of Occupational Medicine and Environmental Health, 1998, Vol.11, No.4, p.349-358. Illus. 21 ref.

CIS 99-1600 Lange M.
Occupational skin diseases and their prevention
Enfermedades cutáneas laborales y su prevención [in Spanish]
Topics: barrier creams; dermatitis; eczema; harmful substances; individual susceptibility; irritants; protective gloves; sensitization; skin allergies; skin diseases.
Prevención, Oct.-Dec. 1998, No.146, p.36-48. Illus. 4 ref.

CIS 99-1564 Lauerma A.I.
Occupational contact sensitization to corticosteroids
Topics: case study; corticoids; eczema; pharmaceutical industry; sensitization dermatitis; skin allergies; skin tests.
Contact Dermatitis, Dec. 1998, Vol.39, No.6, p.328-329. 5 ref.

CIS 99-1563 de Cock P.A.J.J.M., Vorwerk H., Bruynzeel D.P.
Hand dermatitis caused by ferns
Topics: allergy tests; case study; eczema; horticulture; plants; sensitization dermatitis; skin allergies; skin tests.
Contact Dermatitis, Dec. 1998, Vol.39, No.6, p.324. 3 ref.

CIS 99-1562 Peters T., Hani N., Kirchberg K., Gold H., Hunzelmann N., Scharffetter-Kochanek K.
Occupational contact sensitivity to aluminium in a machine construction plant worker
Topics: aluminium; case study; eczema; individual susceptibility; machinery industry; sensitization dermatitis; sensitization; skin absorption; skin allergies.
Contact Dermatitis, Dec. 1998, Vol.39, No.6, p.322-323. 23 ref.

CIS 99-1561 Bhushan M., Craven N.M., Beck M.H.
Contact allergy to 2-aminoethanol (monoethanolamine) in a soluble oil
Topics: ethanolamine; case study; cutting fluids; eczema; metalworking industry; sensitization dermatitis; skin allergies.
Contact Dermatitis, Dec. 1998, Vol.39, No.6, p.321. 6 ref.

CIS 99-1522 Bauer A., Bartsch R., Stadeler M., Schneider W., Grieshaber R., Wollina U., Gebhardt M.
Development of occupational skin diseases during vocational training in baker and confectioner apprentices: A follow-up study
Risk factors for the development of hand dermatitis were evaluated in a prospective follow-up study of baker and confectioner apprentices. Apprentices were interviewed and examined at the beginning of their vocational training, and 6 and 12 months later. The transepidermal water loss (TEWL) score was also assessed at three standardized sites on the hands. In their case histories, 3.3% of the apprentices reported hand dermatitis. The first assessment after 2 to 4 weeks vocational training revealed hand eczema in 17.5% of the individuals. At the follow-up, after 6 months of training 29.1%, and after 12 months of training 27.0% of the apprentices had hand dermatitis of mild to moderate severity. Within 6 months, the TEWL score rose significantly.There was a significant tendency for atopic skin diathesis to be a predictive factor for the development of occupational hand dermatitis. TEWL score, respiratory atopy and metal sensitization failed to correlate with the development of skin damage in this study. Topics: bakery products industry; dermatitis; epidemiologic study; hand; individual susceptibility; long-term study; risk factors; sensitization dermatitis; skin diseases; skin wetness.
Contact Dermatitis, Dec. 1998, Vol.39, No.6, p.307-311. lllus. 13 ref.

CIS 99-1582 Downs A.M.R., Sansom J.E.
Airborne occupational contact dermatitis from epoxy resin in an immersion oil used for microscopy
Topics: airborne dust; bisphenol A; case study; eczema; epoxy resins; irritants; laboratory work; sensitization dermatitis; sensitization; skin tests.
Contact Dermatitis, Nov. 1998, Vol.39, No.5, p.267. 8 ref.

CIS 99-1558 Alanko K., Jolanki R., Estlander T., Kanerva L.
Occupational "multivitamin allergy" caused by the antioxidant ethoxyquin
Topics: antioxidants; case study; eczema; feed production; sensitization dermatitis; skin allergies; skin tests; vitamin A; vitamin D; vitamins.
Contact Dermatitis, Nov. 1998, Vol.39, No.5, p.263-264. 11 ref.

CIS 99-1581 Ormerod A.D., Dwyer C.M., Goodfield M.J.D.
Novel causes of contact dermatitis from offshore oil-based drilling muds
Topics: white spirit; case study; eczema; offshore oil extraction; sensitization dermatitis; skin tests; sludge.
Contact Dermatitis, Nov. 1998, Vol.39, No.5, p.262-263. 4 ref.

CIS 99-1580 Sommer S., Wilkinson S.M., Wilson C.L.
Airborne contact dermatitis caused by microscopy immersion fluid containing epoxy resin
Topics: airborne dust; case study; eczema; epoxy resins; irritants; laboratory work; sensitization dermatitis; sensitization; skin tests.
Contact Dermatitis, Sep. 1998, Vol.39, No.3, p.141-142. 21 ref.

CIS 99-1557 Lidén C., Röndell E., Skare L., Nalbanti A.
Nickel release from tools on the Swedish market
The prevalence on the market of tools that release nickel was investigated. 27% of 565 hand-held tools with metal parts that come into contact with the skin reacted positively in a dimethylgloxime test. Release of nickel and other metals into artificial sweat, and composition of metals on the surface and in the base alloy were also studied. It is suggested that tool producers should consider nickel allergy and avoid nickel-releasing materials, and that analytical methods, relevant for nickel release from tools, should be further developed. Topics: nickel; evaluation of equipment; hand tools; sensitization; skin allergies.
Contact Dermatitis, Sep. 1998, Vol.39, No.3, p.127-131. 15 ref.

CIS 99-1263 Loughney E., Harrison J.
Irritant contact dermatitis due to 1-bromo-3-chloro-5,5-dimethylhydantoin in a hydrotherapy pool. Risk assessments: The need for continuous evidence-based assessments
A physiotherapist working in hydrotherapy presented with irritant contact dermatitis. Subsequent investigation revealed that the likely causative agent was 1-bromo-3-chloro-5,5-dimethylhydantoin which was used to disinfect the hydrotherapy pool. A risk assessment had been performed which failed to take full account of current knowledge and this agent had been introduced into the workplace. The development of adverse health effects among staff and other pool users led to a review of the risk assessment and eventually a return to less hazardous chlorine-based disinfection. Had an evidence-based approach been combined with an appropriate assessment prior to and following changes in the workplace then unnecessary risk to employees would not have occurred. Topics: bromine and compounds; case study; dermatitis; disinfectants; eczema; hazard evaluation; health care personnel; irritation.
Occupational Medicine, Oct. 1998, Vol.48, No.7, p.461-463. 7 ref.

CIS 99-1186 Forrester B.G., Roth V.S.
Hand dermatitis in intensive care units
Information on the prevalence of occupational hand dermatitis and possible risk factors was collected in two intensive care units via a self-administered questionnaire. The prevalence of occupational hand dermatitis was found to be 55.6% in the total reporting population of the units and 69.7% in the most highly exposed workers (those reporting a frequency of hand-washing exceeding 35 times per shift). No relationship was found between occupational hand dermatitis and reported age, gender, race, atopic status, history of previous hand dermatitis, and duration of employment. Hand-washing frequency greater than 35 times per shift was strongly associated with occupational hand dermatitis. Topics: dermatitis; frequency rates; hand; health care personnel; hospitals; questionnaire survey; risk factors.
Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Oct. 1998, Vol.40, No.10, p.881-885. 23 ref.

CIS 99-910 Brisman J., Meding B., Järvholm B.
Occurrence of self reported hand eczema in Swedish bakers
In a retrospective cohort study of 2,923 Swedish bakers, the incidence of hand eczema among males was 16.7 cases/1,000 person-years, compared with 4.4-5.4 among male controls. The corresponding figures for women were 34.4 compared with 11.3-14.1. Skin atopy increased the incidence about threefold and a synergistic effect of atopy and exposure was indicated. Also, bakers had changed job significantly more often than controls. Topics: bakery products industry; change of employment; eczema; frequency rates; hand; individual susceptibility; questionnaire survey.
Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Nov. 1998, Vol.55, No.11, p.750-754. 23 ref.

CIS 99-905 Uter W., Pfahlberg A., Gefeller O, Schwanitz H.J.
Prevalence and incidence of hand dermatitis in hairdressing apprentices: Results of the POSH study
A cohort of 2352 hairdressing apprentices was prospectively followed for the three years of their vocational training. The point prevalence of (mostly slight) irritant skin changes of the hands increased from 35.4% to 55.1% during the period. Given a more conservative definition of a case of "hand dermatitis", these estimates increased from 12.9% to 23.9%. Results appear to lie in a range similar to those found in other, smaller cohort studies. Compared with an external control group of office apprentices, the incidence of hand dermatitis was several times higher in the hairdressing apprentices, suggesting a high risk for skin damage in this occupation. Topics: cohort study; dermatitis; hairdressing; hand; irritation; morbidity; skin diseases.
International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health, Oct. 1998, Vol.71, No.7, p.487-492. Illus. 16 ref.

CIS 99-873 Shum K.W., English J.S.C.
Allergic contact dermatitis in food handlers, with patch tests positive to Compositae mix but negative to sesquiterpene lactone mix
Topics: case study; eczema; food industry; lactones; plants; sensitization dermatitis; sesquiterpenes; skin allergies; skin tests; vegetables.
Contact Dermatitis, Oct. 1998, Vol.39, No.4, p.207-208. 12 ref.

CIS 99-872 Bhushan M., Craven N.M., Beck M.H.
Contact allergy to methyl ethyl ketone peroxide and cobalt in the manufacture of fibreglass-reinforced plastics
Topics: butanone peroxide; cobalt; case study; eczema; epoxy resins; glass fibre reinforced plastics; moulding of plastics; personal protective equipment; protective gloves; sensitization dermatitis; skin allergies; skin tests.
Contact Dermatitis, Oct. 1998, Vol.39, No.4, p.203. 6 ref.

CIS 99-871 Paulsen E., Skov P.S., Andersen K.E.
Immediate skin and mucosal symptoms from pot plants and vegetables in gardeners and greenhouse workers
Short-lived occupational skin symptoms of an irritant or urticarial nature were commonly reported among 253 gardeners and greenhouse workers. In tests for immediate skin and mucosal symptoms, 33% of those tested had at least one positive reaction, and a family history of, or personal, atopy was significantly more prevalent among these workers compared to those with negative reactions. Positive histamine release tests indicated a possible immunologic aetiology in reactions to some species of plants. Because of the high prevalence of short-lived skin symptoms and because contact urticaria may present itself as a dermatitis, it is recommended that patch tests should be supplemented with tests for immediate reactions. Topics: allergy tests; eczema; epidemiologic study; flower and perfume-plant growing; histamine release; horticulture; hypersensitivity; irritation; plants; skin allergies; skin tests; urticaria.
Contact Dermatitis, Oct. 1998, Vol.39, No.4, p.166-170. 21 ref.

CIS 99-590 Fukuda Y., Nagano M., Futatsuka M.
Occupational leukoderma in workers engaged in 4-(p-hydroxyphenyl)-2-butanone manufacturing
Three cases are presented of occupational leukoderma in the upper extremities of workers exposed to 4-(p-hydroxyphenyl)-2-butanone (HPB). In two of the cases, symptoms of contact dermatitis were present in the same areas before the occurrence of depigmentation. An epidemiologic study of 13 workers exposed to chemicals in the production of HPB showed that 9 had symptoms of dermatitis which were more severe in sunshine or hot weather. These facts suggest that HPB and/or the chemicals used in its manufacture have irritant and phototoxic potential. Topics: 4-(p-hydroxyphenyl)-2-butanone; chemical industry; epidemiologic study; leukoderma; pigmentation disorders.
Journal of Occupational Health, Mar. 1998, Vol.40, No.2, p.118-122. Illus. 20 ref.

CIS 99-589 De Raeve H., Vandecasteele C., Demedts M., Nemery B.
Dermal and respiratory sensitization to chromate in a cement floorer
A 48-year-old floorer, occupationally exposed to cement and with a documented chromate contact dermatitis, reported dyspnoea and wheezing after work. These conditions were demonstrated by self-measured sequential peak expiratory flows. A first bronchial provocation test (BPT) with potassium dichromate led to pronounced and sustained decreases in forced expiratory volume in 1 second and forced vital capacity, accompanied by pruritis, a decrease in arterial PO2, a slight rise in temperature, and peripheral blood leukocytosis. Two years later, a BPT with a lower dose of potassium chromate led to an "early late" reaction accompanied by pruritis. A BPT with dry cement containing 12ppm hexavalent chromium was borderline, and a similar result was obtained after smoking 5 cigarettes laced with 10mg of cement per cigarette. The report shows that a subject with allergic contact dermatitis to chromates may develop a respiratory allergic reaction to an airborne source of this metal. Smoking of cigarettes contaminated with cement may have been a significant factor in the causation or elicitation of these reactions. Topics: allergic respiratory disorders; allergy tests; asthma; Belgium; potassium dichromate; case study; chromates; construction work; eczema; pulmonary function; sensitization dermatitis; sensitization; skin allergies; smoking.
American Journal of Industrial Medicine, Aug. 1998, Vol.34, No.2, p.169-176. Illus. 33 ref.

CIS 99-583 van der Mei I.A.F., de Boer E.M., Bruynzeel D.P.
Contact dermatitis in Alstroemeria workers
In a study of 153 horticultural workers cultivating Alstroemeria, the 12-month prevalence of major hand dermatitis was 29.5% and of minor dermatitis 7.4%. Of these workers, 52.1% were sensitized for tulipalin A. Several personal and work-related factors played a role in the multifactorial aetiology of hand dermatitis. Factors which showed a significant relationship with major hand dermatitis were female sex, atopic dermatitis, chapped hands and the frequency of washing hands. Alstroemeria workers are at risk of developing contact dermatitis and it may be useful to carry out an educational campaign to lower the high prevalence. Topics: Alstroemeria; dermatological examinations; eczema; flower and perfume-plant growing; flowers; irritation; Netherlands; risk factors; sensitization dermatitis; skin tests.
Occupational Medicine, Sep. 1998, Vol.48, No.6, p.397-404. 31 ref.

CIS 99-526 Nielsen N.H., Skov L.
Occupational allergic contact dermatitis in a patient with a positive patch test to tin
Case report of a metalworker with allergic contact dermatitis on the face and wrists following exposure to airborne dust containing tin. Topics: airborne dust; case study; eczema; sensitization dermatitis; skin tests; tin.
Contact Dermatitis, Aug. 1998, Vol.39, No.2, p.99-100. Illus. 4 ref.

CIS 99-525 Romaguera C., Vilaplana J.
Airborne occupational contact dermatitis from ethylene oxide
Case studies of two nurses and two assistants with contact dermatitis following an escape of ethylene oxide gas during the sterilization of hospital linen. Topics: asthma; ethylene oxide; case study; disinfectants; eczema; health care personnel; hospitals; irritants; itch; rhinitis.
Contact Dermatitis, Aug. 1998, Vol.39, No.2, p.85. 13 ref.

CIS 99-474 Halkier-Sørensen L.
Occupational skin diseases: Reliability and utility of the data in the various registers; the course from notification to compensation and the costs - A case study from Denmark
Analysis of data from The Danish Register of Occupational Diseases showed that nearly all occupational skin diseases were eczematous in nature (98%). Most cases were in the younger age group, women predominated over men and the dominant type of occupational eczema was irritant. Skin diseases (eczemas) ranked first among both recognized and compensated cases and were the most expensive. The data in the Register may provide a basis for establishing the most relevant preventive activities. Topics: compensation of occupational diseases; compilation of statistics; Denmark; eczema; irritation; notification of occupational diseases; registers of occupational diseases; sensitization dermatitis; sex-linked differences; skin allergies; skin diseases.
Contact Dermatitis, Aug. 1998, Vol.39, No.2, p.71-78. Illus. 2 ref.

CIS 99-524 Aziz B.
Latex allergies - Stretching safety too far?
Briefly reviews the growing problem of latex allergy in the United Kingdom and other countries. Topics: allergens; eczema; health services; irritation; latex; protective gloves; sensitization dermatitis; substitution; synthetic rubber.
Safety and Health Practitioner, Nov. 1998, Vol.16, No.11, p.17-19. Illus. 11 ref.

CIS 99-207 Kanerva L., Jolanki R., Estlander T.
Occupational epoxy dermatitis with patch test reactions to multiple hardeners including tetraethylenepentamine
Topics: amines; tetraethylenepentamine; case study; eczema; epoxy resins; hardeners; paint spraying; paints; sensitization dermatitis; skin tests.
Contact Dermatitis, May 1998, Vol.38, No.5, p.299-301. Illus. 17 ref.

CIS 99-206 Kanerva L.
Occupational fingertip protein contact dermatitis from grain flours and natural rubber latex
Topics: case study; eczema; fingers; flour; latex; natural rubber; proteins; sensitization dermatitis; skin tests; urticaria.
Contact Dermatitis, May 1998, Vol.38, No.5, p.295-296. Illus. 27 ref.

CIS 99-205 Kanerva L., Tarvainen K., Jolanki R., Henriks-Eckerman M.L., Estlander T.
Airborne occupational allergic dermatitis due to trimethylolpropane triacrylate (TMPTA) used in the manufacture of printed circuit boards
Topics: trimethylolpropane triacrylate; case study; eczema; eye irritation; printed circuits; sensitization dermatitis; skin tests.
Contact Dermatitis, May 1998, Vol.38, No.5, p.292-294. Illus. 16 ref.

CIS 99-204 Caraffini S., Ricci F., Assalve D., Lisi P.
Isoflurane: An uncommon cause of occupational airborne contact dermatitis
Topics: isoflurane; case study; eczema; health care personnel; inhalation anaesthetics; operating theatres; sensitization dermatitis; skin tests.
Contact Dermatitis, May 1998, Vol.38, No.5, p.286. Illus. 5 ref.

CIS 99-203 Brooke R., Beck M.H.
Contact allergy to 2,4,6-tris(dimethylaminomethyl)phenol
Topics: 2,4,6-tris(dimethylaminomethyl)phenol; case study; eczema; epoxy resins; hardeners; sensitization dermatitis; skin tests.
Contact Dermatitis, May 1998, Vol.38, No.5, p.284-285. Illus. 5 ref.

CIS 99-196 de Groot H., de Jong N.W., Duijster E., van Wijk R.G., Vermeulen A., van Toorenenbergen A.W., Geursen L., van Joost T.
Prevalence of natural rubber latex allergy (type I and type IV) in laboratory workers in The Netherlands
Topics: eczema; epidemiologic study; laboratory work; latex; natural rubber; protective gloves; sensitization dermatitis; skin allergies; skin tests.
Contact Dermatitis, Mar. 1998, Vol.38, No.3, p.159-163. 20 ref.

CIS 99-213 Paulsen E., Søgaard J., Andersen K.E.
Occupational dermatitis in Danish gardeners and greenhouse workers (III): Compositae-related symptoms
Topics: allergens; chrysanthema; Denmark; dermatitis; eczema; epidemiologic study; flowers; horticulture; irritants; plants; sensitization; sesquiterpenes; skin allergies.
Contact Dermatitis, Mar. 1998, Vol.38, No.3, p.140-146. 14 ref.

CIS 99-175 Downs A.M.R., Sansom J.E.
Occupational contact dermatitis due to propolis
Topics: case study; eczema; hyperkeratosis; polishes; propolis; sensitization dermatitis; varnishes.
Contact Dermatitis, June 1998, Vol.38, No.6, p.359-360. 7 ref.

CIS 99-275 Miranda-Romero A., Navarro L., Pérez-Oliva N., González-López A., García-Muñoz M.
Occupational heat contact urticaria
Topics: bakery products industry; case study; erythema; heat; histamine release; urticaria.
Contact Dermatitis, June 1998, Vol.38, No.6, p.358-359. Illus. 19 ref.

CIS 99-174 Sommer S., Wilkinson S.M.
Contact dermatitis caused by phenoxybenzamine hydrochloride
Topics: phenoxybenzamine hydrochloride; case study; drugs; eczema; irritants; nursing personnel; sensitization dermatitis; skin allergies.
Contact Dermatitis, June 1998, Vol.38, No.6, p.352-353. 4 ref.

CIS 99-173 Corazza M., Mantovani L., Bertelli G., Virgili A.
A goldsmith with occupational allergic contact dermatitis due to ethylenediamine in a detergent
Topics: ethylenediamine; ethanolamine; case study; detergents; eczema; jewellery manufacture; sensitization dermatitis; skin allergies.
Contact Dermatitis, June 1998, Vol.38, No.6, p.350-351. Illus. 10 ref.

CIS 99-172 Kanerva L., Estlander T., Alanko K., Jolanki R.
Occupational airborne allergic contact dermatitis from dibutylthiourea
Topics: airborne dust; dibutylthiourea; case study; eczema; irritants; paint removal; sensitization dermatitis; skin allergies.
Contact Dermatitis, June 1998, Vol.38, No.6, p.347-348. 11 ref.

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