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Skin diseases - 1,481 entries found

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  • Skin diseases

1997

CIS 98-204 Sabouraud S., Testud F., Rogerie M.J., Descotes J., Evreux J.C.
Occupational depigmentation from dinoterbe
Topics: case study; dinoterb; France; leukoderma; skin diseases.
Contact Dermatitis, Apr. 1997, Vol.36, No.4, p.227. Illus. 9 ref.

CIS 98-203 Svendsen K., Hilt B.
Skin disorders in ship's engineers exposed to oils and solvents
Topics: eczema; mineral oils; Norway; questionnaire survey; sensitization dermatitis; skin diseases; solvents; water transport equipment.
Contact Dermatitis, Apr. 1997, Vol.36, No.4, p.216-220. 10 ref.

CIS 98-202 Karlberg A.T., Dooms-Goossens A.
Contact allergy to oxidized d-limonene among dermatitis patients
Topics: cleaning agents; eczema; sensitization dermatitis; skin allergies; skin tests; d-limonene.
Contact Dermatitis, Apr. 1997, Vol.36, No.4, p.201-206. Illus. 37 ref.

CIS 98-201 Estlander T., Jolanki R., Kanerva L.
Occupational allergic contact dermatitis from 2,3-epoxypropyl trimethyl ammonium chloride (EPTMAC) and Kathon® LX in a starch modification factory
Topics: glycidyltrimethylammonium chloride; eczema; Finland; fungicides; pulp and paper industry; sensitization dermatitis; skin allergies; skin tests; starch.
Contact Dermatitis, Apr. 1997, Vol.36, No.4, p.191-194. Illus. 17 ref.

CIS 98-200 Garcia-Abujeta J.L., Rodriguez F., Maquiera E., Picans I., Fernandez L., Sanchez I., Martin-Gil D., Jerez J.
Occupational protein contact dermatitis in a fishmonger
Topics: case study; eczema; food industry; mollusca; proteins; sensitization dermatitis; skin allergies; Spain.
Contact Dermatitis, Mar. 1997, Vol.36, No.3, p.163. 7 ref.

CIS 98-199 Estlander T., Jolanki R., Kanerva L.
Hydroxylammonium chloride as sensitizer in a water laboratory
Topics: hydroxylamine (hydrochloride); case study; Finland; laboratory work; sensitization dermatitis; skin allergies; skin tests.
Contact Dermatitis, Mar. 1997, Vol.36, No.3, p.161-162. 8 ref.

CIS 98-198 Kanerva L., Kiilunen M., Jolanki R., Estlander T., Aitio A.
Hand dermatitis and allergic patch test reactions caused by nickel in electroplaters
Topics: eczema; electroplating; Finland; nickel; questionnaire survey; sensitization dermatitis; skin allergies; skin tests.
Contact Dermatitis, Mar. 1997, Vol.36, No.3, p.137-140. 28 ref.

CIS 97-2031 Freedman D.M., Zahm S.H., Dosemeci M.
Residential and occupational exposure to sunlight and mortality from non-Hodgkin's lymphoma: Composite (threefold) case-control study
Death certificate data for cases of non-Hodgkin's lymphoma, melanoma and skin cancer and associations with potential residential and occupational exposure to sunlight were investigated. Unlike non-Hodgkin's lymphoma, both melanoma and skin cancer were positively associated with residential sunlight exposure. Skin cancer was also slightly positively associated with occupational sunlight exposure. Findings do not support the hypothesis that sunlight exposure contributes to the rising rates of non-Hodgkin's lymphoma.
British Medical Journal, May 1997, Vol.314, No.7092, p.1451-1455. 28 ref.

CIS 97-1874 Eriksson N., et al.
Facial skin symptoms in office workers: A five-year follow-up study
The objective of this long-term study was to investigate changes in and causes of facial skin symptoms among visual display terminal (VDT) workers in northern Sweden, based on questionnaire surveys, workplace assessment, interviews with personnel staff and clinical examinations of 163 subjects selected as a case-referent group from 3,233 VDT workers. Among workers with isolated skin symptoms, facial symptoms were of a transitory nature, whereas the prognosis for those with a more complex set of symptoms was less favourable. Changes in the use of VDTs and other electric devices had no effect on facial skin symptoms, and the strongest external risk indicators for lasting skin symptoms were in the psychosocial work environment and in individual health factors.
Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Feb. 1997, Vol.39, No.2, p.108-118. 28 ref.

CIS 97-1964 A safety officer's notes: Occupational skin disease
Types and causes of occupational skin diseases are described: allergic and irritant contact dermatitis (eczema); skin cancer (from exposure to ultraviolet radiation); contact urticaria; contact vitiligo (leukoderma); and photodermatitis. The legal position is outlined, and methods of risk assessment and exposure control are described.
Safety Review, Sep. 1997, No.62, insert p.i-vii.

CIS 97-1528 Occupational medicine
These 20 chapters in a major new survey of OSH examine selected issues in occupational medicine: a forward looking approach to occupational medicine; how workplace chemicals enter the body; basic concepts of toxicology; epidemiology; prevention of musculoskeletal disorders; lung disorders; chemicals and hypersensitivity in the airways; allergy and other hypersensitivity; causes of occupational dermatoses; neurological diseases; occupational cancer; reproductive health; radiation injuries; health effects of noise exposure; vibration-induced disorders; carpal tunnel syndrome; stress-related illness; economic aspects of occupational health; health and safety in a multinational company; occupational databases and the Internet.
In: The Workplace (by Brune D. et al., eds), Scandinavian Science Publisher as, Bakkehaugveien 16, 0873 Oslo, Norway, 1997, Vol.1, p.745-977. Illus. Bibl.ref.

CIS 97-1726 Rietschel R.L.
Occupational contact dermatitis
Signs of irritant and allergic contact dermatitis are described, and procedures are outlined for establishing the diagnosis and the relation of the disorder to occupational exposure. The importance of establishing a detailed work history is highlighted in addition to observation of morphological abnormalities. Diagnostic patch tests may be used to establish the work-relatedness of the disorder, to classify the process as irritant or allergenic in origin, and to develop strategies for management.
Lancet, 12 Apr. 1997, Vol.349, No.9058, p.1093-1095. Illus. 18 ref.

CIS 97-1601 Williams N.
Occupational skin ulceration in chrome platers
This short report describes the occurrence of chrome ulcer observed on the hands of 13 chrome platers. Contact of hexavalent chrome with the skin only results in a ulcer if there is a cut or abrasion on the skin; a permanent scar is produced. Platers should be informed of the importance of avoiding cuts and of covering any cuts that do occur with waterproof dressings. Personal protective equipment should be used to prevent contact with chromic acid.
Occupational Medicine, July 1997, Vol.47, No.5, p.309-310. 4 ref.

CIS 97-1261 Halliday-Bell J., Palmer K., Crane G.
Health and safety behaviour and compliance in electroplating workshops
A questionnaire survey of employers and employees in six electroplating establishments in the United Kingdom revealed a lack of compliance with statutory requirements regarding the control of substances hazardous to health; deficiencies were evident in assessment, control and health surveillance. Many employees had work-related skin problems, typically dermatitis. In general, workers were ignorant about the hazards of the materials handled, and did not always use adequate personal protective equipment, or adopt a skin care programme. There is a need for better training and more attention to skin care in these workshops.
Occupational Medicine, May 1997, Vol.47, No.4, p.237-240. 7 ref.

CIS 97-1353 Lillington T., Shanahan E.M.
Cutaneous infection in meatworkers
A study of the incident rates of cutaneous infection in an abattoir in Adelaide, South Australia showed that such infections were common (overall incidence density 0.65 per 1,000 person-days). Infection rates were greatest among workers handling hides frequently, particularly slaughterers, whose work involved handling dirty hides using knives with no hand protection. Results suggest that while laceration is not always associated with infection, hide handling predisposes workers to infection. Recommendations for infection control are put forward.
Occupational Medicine, May 1997, Vol.47, No.4, p.197-202. Illus. 12 ref.

CIS 97-893 Keira T., et al.
Adverse effects of colophony
This literature survey reviews the uses of colophony in industry, its adverse health effects, epidemiologic studies related to its use, diagnosis of colophony-related disorders, pathophysiology and control measures. Colophony is a mixture of resin acids used in a variety of industries, in particular, as a soldering flux in the electronics industry. Its main health effects are bronchial asthma and contact dermatitis. Control measures include medical examinations focusing on allergic history, and replacement of colophony in soldering flux.
Industrial Health, Jan. 1997, Vol.35, No.1, p.1-7. 63 ref.

CIS 97-908 Flint N.
Whiter than white
Health problems caused by the exposure of workers' skin to detergents are reviewed. Sources of occupational exposure are outlined and human toxicological effects are described: irritant contact dermatitis, allergic contact dermatitis, other non-eczematous dermatoses. Factors influencing susceptibility to skin damage are discussed along with health effects of components of detergents (surfactants, optical whiteners, proteolytic enzymes, perfumes, dyes, pigments, and germicidal agents). Legal requirements for the assessment of dermal exposure to detergents are outlined.
Safety and Health Practitioner, Feb. 1997, Vol.15, No.2, p.20-24. Illus. 31 ref.

1996

CIS 03-188 Matchaba-Hove R., Emmett E.A., Sekimpi D.K., Agaba D.F., Okot-Nwang M., Ogaram D.A., Tornberg V., Estlander T., Kanerva L., Piirilä P., Lehtinen S., Munthali A.C., Zakayo D.O.
Allergies and work
This issue is primarily devoted to the theme of occupational allergies. Contents: prevention of occupational dermatoses; occupational coffee dust allergies in Uganda; allergic dermatoses and respiratory diseases caused by decorative plants. Other topics: review article on a symposium on the development of occupational health services held in Singapore; role of the occupational hygiene profession in sustainable development; problems due to AIDS at the workplace in Kenya.
African Newsletter on Occupational Health and Safety, May 1996, Vol.6, No.1, p.1-22 (whole issue). Illus. 33 ref.

CIS 00-1673 Geier J., Kleinhans D., Peters K.P.
Contact allergy from industrial biocides - Results of the IVDK and the German contact dermatitis research group
Kontaktallergien durch industriell verwendete Biozide - Ergebnisse des Informationsverbundes Dermatologischer Kliniken (IVDK) und der Deutschen Kontaktallergiegruppe [in German]
Topics: allergens; biocides; Bioban P 1487; formaldehyde; chemical products; dermatitis; epidemiology; Germany; metalworking industry; preservatives; skin allergies; skin tests.
Dermatosen in Beruf und Umwelt, July-Aug. 1996, Vol.44, No.4, p.154-159. 10 ref.

CIS 99-1210 Koch P., Nickolaus G., Geier J.
Contact allergies in the tanning, leather and footwear industries - A five-year analysis based on data collected by the information service of the dermatological clinics' association
Kontaktallergien bei Lederherstellern, Lederverarbeitern und in der Schuhindustrie - Fünf-Jahres-Analyse auf der Grundlage von Daten des Informationsverbundes Dermatologischer Kliniken [in German]
Topics: allergens; dyes; epidemiologic study; Germany; leather and fur industries; preservatives; sensitization; shoe industry; skin allergies; tanning agents; tanning industry.
Dermatosen in Beruf und Umwelt, Nov.-Dec. 1996, Vol.44, No.6, p.257-262. Illus. 30 ref.

CIS 98-1635 Budde-Wamhoff U.
Health promotion in hairdressing
Gesundheitsförderung im Friseurhandwerk [in German]
Topics: dermatitis; eczema; Germany; hairdressing; health programmes; musculoskeletal diseases; questionnaire survey; round-up; skin allergies.
G. Conrad, Verlag für Gesundheitsförderung, Uissigheimer Str. 10, 97956 Hamburg, Germany, 1996. 207p. Illus. approx. 404 ref. Price: DEM 53.00.

CIS 98-780 Nielsen H., Henriksen L., Olsen J.H.
Malignant melanoma among lithographers
Topics: cancer; carcinogens; cohort study; Denmark; lithography; melanoma; morbidity; organic solvents; photographic chemicals.
Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment and Health, Apr. 1996, Vol.22, No.2, p.108-111. 17 ref.

CIS 98-756 Popendorf W., Miller E.R., Sprince N.L., Selim M.S., Thorne P.S., Davis C.S., Jones M.L.
The utility of preliminary surveys to detect the cause of acute metalworking fluid hazards
Topics: coolants; cutting fluids; dermatitis; epidemiologic study; metalworking industry; respiratory impairment; smoking; USA.
American Journal of Industrial Medicine, Dec. 1996, Vol.30, No.6, p.744-749. 16 ref.

CIS 98-275 Piletta P.A., Salomon D., Beani J.C., Saurat J.H.
A pilot with an itchy rash
Case report of polymorphous light eruption on sun-exposed skin in a pilot. Topics: aircraft pilots; case study; erythema; solar radiation.
Lancet, Oct. 1996, Vol.348, No.9035, p.1142. 5 ref.

CIS 97-1956 Jacobs M.C., Lachapelle J.M.
Allergic contact dermatitis from hair products
Eczémas de contact allergiques aux produits capillaires [in French]
Eczema caused by allergic reactions to contact with hairdressing products is common in hairdressers and their clients. Hair dyes and glyceryl monothioglycolate used for permanent hair wave are the main allergens. The eczema usually affects the fingers. The use of polyethylene protective gloves is recommended since latex and its additives may induce allergies.
Le concours médical, 7 Dec. 1996, Vol.118, p.2983-2984, 2987-2988. Illus. 3 ref.

CIS 97-2053 Ejlertsen T., et al.
Pasteurella aerogenes isolated from ulcers or wounds in humans with occupational exposure to pigs: A report of 7 Danish cases
A case report on seven Danish patients employed in livestock rearing who were bitten by pigs. Seven strains of Pasteurella aerogenes, rarely isolated from humans, were found in samples taken from the bite sites. Most bite wounds were located on the lower lateral part of the thigh. Abscess formation was the rule. Incision, drainage and antibiotic treatment were usually necessary.
Scandinavian Journal of Infectious Diseases, 1996, Vol.28, No.6, p.567-570. 16 ref.

CIS 97-1621 Williams N.
A survey of respiratory and dermatological disease in the chrome plating industry in the West Midlands, UK
A cross-sectional survey of 20 chrome plating plants in the United Kingdom involved a questionnaire survey and clinical examination of 71 chrome platers. 23% of platers had dermatitis at the time of the visits and 45% of companies had at least one case of dermatitis in their plating workforce. 23% of platers had evidence of old chrome ulcers and 13% had evidence of new and healing ulcers. 17% had nasal inflammation and 14% had septal perforations. Lower respiratory symptoms were rare. Preventive measures are discussed.
Occupational Medicine, Dec. 1996, Vol.46, No.6, p.432-434. 10 ref.

CIS 97-1244 Rosas Vazquez E., et al.
Chloracne in the 1990s
Clinical features of nine patients affected by chloracne and exposed chronically to chlorobenzenes in the same factory were studied. All the patients were male and their skin lesions were characterized mainly by comedones and cysts. They also had chronic conjunctivitis, polyneuropathy and liver damage and seven of them had hypertriglyceridaemia. In the water used in the workplace there were high concentrations of substances that are known to cause chloracne. In workers exposed to such compounds, systemic complications should also be investigated in addition to those of cutaneous manifestation of chloracne.
International Journal of Dermatology, Sep. 1996, Vol.35, No.9, p.643-645. Illus. 11 ref.

CIS 97-886 Koch P.
Skin burns, necrosis and caustic ulcerations due to wet cement, concrete and lime
Brűlures, nécroses et ulcérations cutanées dues au ciment, au béton prémixé et ŕ la chaux [in French]
A report of seven cases of skin burn necrosis and ulcerations, following use of wet cement and ready-mixed concrete. Calcium hydroxide induced the caustic ulcers in one case. For the prevention of these injuries warning notices on the risk in handling these materials are strongly recommended.
Annales de dermatologie et de vénéréologie, 1996, Vol.123, No.12, p.832-836. Illus. 21 ref.

CIS 97-596 Cavelier C., Foussereau J.
Contact allergy to metals and their salts
Allergie de contact aux métaux et ŕ leurs sels [in French]
The principal topics of this information note are: allergy tests and allergological investigations; chromium; nickel; cobalt; mercury; palladium; other metals; differential diagnosis. In annex: hard metals; metal plating; alloys; basic data on corrosion; table of concentrations used in tests for allergies to various metallic salts.
Documents pour le médecin du travail, 3rd Quarter 1996, No.67, p-199-238. approx. 400 ref.

CIS 97-488 Knülle E.
Workplace-related relevance of patch testing using the motor vehicle industry as an example
Arbeitsplatzbezogene Relevanz der Epikutantestung am Beispiel der Automobilindustrie [in German]
The industrial physician who has to decide whether an employee with skin disease can keep his job must know the substances present at the patient's workplace, the severity of the disease and the likely prognosis. The results of a patch test may also help to support his decision. The results of 318 skin tests taken at the Ford motor company in Cologne, Germany, in the years 1982 to 1993 are presented to underscore this point. The need of intensive communication between the dermatologist and occupational health specialists is underlined. Patch testing without knowledge of workplace conditions does not provide sufficient information for further analysis.
Dermatosen in Beruf und Umwelt, Mar.-Apr. 1996, Vol.44, No.2, p.68-71. Illus.

CIS 97-598
Health and Safety Executive
Preventing dermatitis at work - Advice for employers and employees
This leaflet explains the causes of occupational dermatitis, highlights industries with the highest risk, and describes duties of employers and employees. Precautionary measures include identification of substances likely to cause dermatitis, selection of alternative chemicals or processes, and use of protective clothing and skin creams. Legal requirements are outlined.
HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 6FS, United Kingdom, Sep. 1996. 12p. 1 ref.

CIS 97-604
Health and Safety Commission, Printing Industry Advisory Committee
Dermatitis in printing
This leaflet provides advice on the prevention of dermatitis in the printing industry: duties of employers; substances that can cause dermatitis; precautionary measures (reducing skin contact, selection and use of protective equipment, skin creams, personal hygiene); managing the introduction of new processes or chemicals; reporting cases of dermatitis.
HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 6FS, United Kingdom, Sep. 1996. 8p. 4 ref.

CIS 97-560 Gallo R., Guarrera M., Hausen B.M.
Airborne contact dermatitis from East Indian rosewood (Dalbergia latifolia Roxb.)
A knifegrinder presented with dermatitis after working on knife handles made from East Indian rosewood. Exposure to the sawdust caused sneezing and coughing, and patch testing produced a positive reaction. The main allergens in the wood were dalbergiones. Results conform the strong irritant and allergic potential of this sawdust.
Contact Dermatitis, July 1996, Vol.35, No.1, p.60-61. 7 ref.

CIS 97-576 O'Reilly F.M., Murphy G.M.
Occupational contact dermatitis in a beautician
A beautician with exposure to a wide variety of cosmetics, including depilatory wax, presented with a 6-month history of hand eczema. Patch testing showed reactions to nickel, colophony, quaternium 15, and a proprietary cream wax containing colophony. Avoidance of wax and of cosmetics containing quaternium 15 resulted in total remission of the eczema.
Contact Dermatitis, July 1996, Vol.35, No.1, p.47-48. 2 ref.

CIS 97-575 Angelini G., Rigano L., Foti C., Grandolfo M., Veńa G.A., Bonamonte D., Soleo L., Scorpiniti A.
Occupational sensitization to epoxy resin and reactive diluents in marble workers
Ten out of 22 marble workers handling a resin containing epoxy resin and ortho-cresyl glycidyl ether (CGE) developed contact dermatitis and airborne contact dermatitis within 20 days to 2 months of exposure. The 10 symptomatic subjects all showed positive patch test reactions to the reactive diluent CGE and four of them also to epoxy resin. Some other glycidyl ethers also gave positive reactions. Possible sensitization mechanisms are discussed. The problem was partly solved by changing the type of glycidyl ether and installing exhaust ventilation along the resination line.
Contact Dermatitis, July 1996, Vol.35, No.1, p.11-16. 17 ref.

CIS 97-297 Agathos M.
Scabies as an occupational disease
Berufskrankheit Scabies [in German]
This survey of epidemiologic and case studies on the infection risk caused by scabies in Germany comes to following conclusion: Nurses in hospitals and nursing homes who come in close contact with elderly scabies patients or with patients with deficient immune system infected with scabies norvegica run a high infection risk. In order to reduce the risk to nursing personnel, each patient with an itch and patients infected with the HIV virus with hyperkeratosis should be examined by a dermatologist for the presence of scabies. Although at present scabies is not compensated as an occupational disease in Germany it should be reported as an occupation-related disease.
Dermatosen in Beruf und Umwelt, May-June 1996, Vol.44, No.3, p.126-128. Illus. 9 ref.

CIS 97-171 Bangha E., Hinnen U., Elsner P.
Irritancy testing in occupational dermatology: Comparison between two quick tests and the acute irritation induced by sodium lauryl sulphate
This study is a comparison between two quick, non-invasive irritancy tests (using dimethyl sulfoxide and sodium hydroxide) with the time-consuming patch testing relying on sodium lauryl sulfate (SLS). No correlation between the "quick tests" and SLS tests was observed as a result of skin testing in 181 metal worker trainees. It is proposed to use a spectrum of different tests in occupational dermatology for predicting the individual's risk of developing irritant contact dermatitis.
Acta dermato-venereologica, Nov. 1996, Vol.76, No.6, p.450-452. 10 ref.

CIS 97-183 Puerschel W.C., Odia S.G., Rakoski J., Ring J.
Trichloroethylene and concomitant contact dermatitis in an art painter
A brief case report is presented of an art painter who developed chronic dermatitis and eczematous skin lesions following daily contact with trichloroethylene (TCE) over a period of four years. The lesions cleared when the painter stopped working with TCE but eczema developed on both hands when holding TCE-painted pictures.
Contact Dermatitis, June 1996, Vol.34, No.6, p.430-431. Illus. 8 ref.

CIS 97-182 Kieć-Swierczyńska M.
Occupational allergic dermatitis due to acrylates in Lodz
Among 1619 suspected occupational dermatitis patients examined during 1990-1994 in Lodz, Poland, sensitivity to acrylates was diagnosed in nine individuals (four dental technicians, four dentists, and one textile printer). The most common sensitizers were ethyleneglycol dimethacrylate, methyl methacrylate, 2-hydroxyethyl methacrylate and triethyleneglycol dimethacrylate. Compared to dental technicians, dentists were sensitive to a greater number of acrylate and methacrylate allergens and to other allergens including metals and rubber additives. Dental technicians were sensitive almost exclusively to methacrylates, and the textile printer only to acrylates.
Contact Dermatitis, June 1996, Vol.34, No.6, p.419-422. 11 ref.

CIS 97-181 Jolanki R., Tarvainen K., Tatar T., Estlander T., Henriks-Eckerman M.L., Mustakallio K.K., Kanerva L.
Occupational dermatoses from exposure to epoxy resin compounds in a ski factory
Patch tests were carried out on 22 workers in a ski factory in Tallinn, Estonia. Eight workers had occupational allergic dermatitis caused by sensitization to epoxy resin compounds, cobalt in glass-fibre reinforcements, and formaldehyde in a urea-formaldehyde glue and a lacquer. Four workers had irritant contact dermatitis from epoxy resin compounds, lacquers, sanding dust, and glass-fibre dust. Three workers had contact allergy from a new sensitizer, diethyleneglycol diglycidyl ether, in a reactive diluent. Immediate transfer of sensitized workers to other work prevents aggravation of their dermatitis and broadening of the sensitization to other compounds.
Contact Dermatitis, June 1996, Vol.34, No.6, p.390-396. 20 ref.

CIS 96-2278 Cooke R.A.
Essential acquired cold urticaria: Stimulated only by systemic as well as local cooling
A food processing worker with a long history of eczema developed acute urticarial rash on the face following work in a chilled part of the factory during a spell of cold weather. A cold provocation test resulted in a pronounced urticarial rash. At warmer ambient temperatures, there was no reaction to the cold provocation test and the facial rash had improved. The report illustrates a case of essential acquired cold urticaria in which systemic cooling was necessary to produce a reaction to local cold provocation.
Occupational Medicine, Apr. 1996, Vol.46, No.2, p.157-158. 9 ref.

CIS 96-2184 Gómez E., García R., Galindo P.A., Feo F., Fernández F.J.
Occupational allergic contact dermatitis from sunflower
A 62-year old cowherd, with a previous history of hay fever, presented forehead dermatitis of two months standing. He had frequently handled cattle fodder over the previous six months and was also exposed to Helianthus (sunflower) plants while taking care of the livestock. Topical corticosteroids gave complete relief with rapid relapse when stopped. He was patch tested with the European standard series, an additional Compositae plant series, a cosmetics series, Helianthus pollen, the cattle fodder (composed of sunflower plants) and sunflower leaves. Only sunflower leaves and the cattle fodder gave positive results. The leaves were tested in seven controls with negative results. The patient showed negative prick tests to sunflower pollen. Specific Ig E for pollens was positive, whereas total Ig E was normal.
Contact Dermatitis, Sep. 1996, Vol.35, No.3, p.189-190. 8 ref.

CIS 96-2183 Lear J.T., Heagerty A.H.M., Tan B.B., Smith A.G., English J.S.C.
Transient re-emergence of oil of turpentine allergy in the pottery industry
Allergy to oil of turpentine has diminished largely due to the use of cheaper substitutes in many occupations. This study reports 24 cases of hand dermatitis in pottery workers involved in ceramic decoration, namely paintresses, liners, gilders, enamellers and a fine china painter, seen in a 6-month period following a change from Portuguese to Indonesian turpentine, of whom 14 were sensitive to Indonesian turpentine, eight to α-pinene, four to delta-3-carene and two to turpentine peroxides. Turpentine allergy continues to be a problem in the pottery industry and is more common than allergy to the heavy metals of the colours used in ceramic decoration. Reversion to Portuguese turpentine seems to have alleviated the problem.
Contact Dermatitis, Sep. 1996, Vol.35, No.3, p.169-172. 16 ref.

CIS 96-2182 Kanerva L., Estlander T., Jolanki R.
Occupational allergic contact dermatitis from spices
About 1,000 patients were investigated for occupational skin disease in Finland during 1991-1995. Five of them had occupational allergic contact dermatitis from spices. The patients were chefs or kitchen, coffee room and restaurant workers. All patients had hand dermatitis. The causative spices were garlic, cinnamon, ginger, allspice and clove. The same patients also had allergic patch test reactions to some food, such as tomato, lettuce and carrot. Paprika elicited a weak allergic patch test reaction in two patients. Occupational allergic contact dermatitis from spices is relatively rare, but needs to be taken into consideration in patients who have hand dermatitis and work with spices and food. Patch testing with spices as is is useful, but testing with dilutions in pet. may be needed to confirm that the patch test reactions are allergic. Patients also need to be prick tested with spices and food.
Contact Dermatitis, Sep. 1996, Vol.35, No.3, p.157-162. Illus. 37 ref.

CIS 96-2181 Diógenes M.J.N., Morais S.M., Carvalho F.F.
Contact dermatitis among cashew nut workers
Anacardic acid and cardol, the main cashew nut shell liquid (CNSL) components are the main cause of occupational contact dermatitis in cashew nut workers, acting as both irritants and sensitizers. A study was carried out at the Cashew Nut Exportation Company of Fortaleza, Brazil. The workers, all female, were interviewed and examined. Those with hand dermatitis were selected for patch testing with a standard and an additional series. The following additional substances were applied: cardol, cardanol, o-methyl-cardanol, anacardic acid, and hydrogenated cardanol, all at 1% and 2% pet. Readings were made at four days. Ten control subjects were also tested. The results confirm the sensitizing power of cardol and indicate that positivity to cardol is present only in patients who touch natural CNSL before it is heated.
Contact Dermatitis, Aug. 1996, Vol.35, No.2, p.114-115. 14 ref.

CIS 96-2180 Zachariae C.O.C., Agner T., Menné T.
Chromium allergy in consecutive patients in a country where ferrous sulfate has been added to cement since 1981
Cement eczema used to be a common occupational disease in Denmark. Since 1981, ferrous sulfate has been added to all cement produced in Denmark to reduce the amount of soluble hexavalent chromate to below 2mg/kg (2ppm). The aim of this study was to analyze a sample of consecutive chromate-sensitive patients in an urban tertiary referral centre with respect to primary cause of sensitization, in a geographical area where the risk of chromate exposure from cement had been reduced. In the 6-year period January 1989 to December 1994, a total of 4,511 patients were patch tested with the European standard series, including chromate. Seventy nine patients were diagnosed as chromate sensitive. Relevant chromate exposure was established in 34 of these patients. Leather was the most frequent source of chromate sensitization (47%). Chromate sensitization from cement was considered likely in 10 out of 34 subjects. Of these, seven had been sensitized before 1981, two had been sensitized by non-occupational exposure to cements, and only one had been sensitized from occupational cement exposure in the 6-year period.
Contact Dermatitis, Aug. 1996, Vol.35, No.2, p.83-85. 10 ref.

CIS 96-2179 Riordan A.T., Nahass G.T.
Occupational vitiligo following allergic contact dermatitis
Occupational leukoderma may be clinically indistinguishable from idiopathic vitiligo. The case of a 40-year old fire fighter is reported. He had a previous history of localized vitiligo and thiuram contact sensitivity, and developed dermatitis due to contact with fire-fighting gear. Widespread depigmentation developed in areas affected by the dermatitis, suggesting that the progression of his vitiligo was precipitated by allergic contact dermatitis. This contrasts with previous reports of repigmentation in patients with vitiligo after allergic contact dermatitis. It is possible that the heat and sweat of fire-fighting released chemical depigmenting agents from protective clothing, initiating both the dermatitis and its progression to vitiligo. The lack of reaction to protective clothing on patch testing suggests that these materials were biologically unavailable under normal conditions.
Contact Dermatitis, May 1996, Vol.34, No.5, p.371-372. Illus. 9 ref.

CIS 96-2191 Bruze M., Edenholm M., Engström K., Svensson G.
Occupational dermatoses in a Swedish aircraft plant
A survey of occupational dermatoses, based on a questionnaire, clinical examination and patch testing, was carried out among 341 workers in a Swedish aircraft plant. The questionnaire was answered by 330 workers (96.8%). Present or previous skin disease was reported by 92 employees, who were all subjected to physical examination and patch testing. Patch testing was conducted with a standard series, as well as with a series of substances and products representing the work environment, including anticorrosion paints, adhesives, sealants and detergents. Occupational contact allergies were established in 12 employees. In total, the figure for occupational skin diseases was 16.1% (55 workers), when calculated for all employees.
Contact Dermatitis, May 1996, Vol.34, No.5, p.336-340. 24 ref.

CIS 96-2178 Lamminpää A., Estlander T., Jolanki R., Kanerva L.
Occupational allergic contact dermatitis caused by decorative plants
Twelve cases of occupational allergic contact dermatitis caused by decorative plants were diagnosed in a 14-year period. The patients were middle-aged and their average exposure time was 13 years. The plant families and pants causing allergic contact dermatitis were: Compositae (5 patients; chrysanthemum, elecampane, gerbera, feverfew), Alstroemeriaceae (5 patients; alstroemeria), Liliaceae (4 patients; tulip, hyacinth), Amaryllidaceae (2 patients; narcissus) and Caryophyllaceae (2 patients; carnation, cauzeflower). The known chemical allergens causing dermatitis were tuliposide-A and sesquiterpene lactones in the Compositae and Liliaceae families. Seven of the 12 patients were able to continue their work. The other five were not because of severe relapses of skin symptoms. The plant allergen and extract series currently available are of great help in the diagnosis.
Contact Dermatitis, May 1996, Vol.34, No.5, p.330-335. 35 ref.

CIS 96-2177 Koch P.
Occupational allergic contact dermatitis and airborne contact dermatitis from 5 fungicides in a vineyard worker - Cross-reactions between fungicides of the dithiocarbamate group?
In February 1995, a case of a vineyard worker with occupational contact dermatitis due to sensitization to mancozeb and perhaps metiram was reported. Patch testing showed strong allergic reactions to two of the commercially available preparations used. Further patch tests showed allergic reactions to mancozeb (0.5 and 1% pet.), a weak reaction to metiram (1% pet.), as well as to four other fungicides of the dithiocarbamate group (maneb, nabam, propineb and zineb), which had never been used in the vineyard.
Contact Dermatitis, May 1996, Vol.34, No.5, p.324-329. 36 ref.

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