Water transportation - 485 entries found
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Tymański S., Zaborski L., Matuszewski J., Maryn J.
Engine room staff and exposure to thermal radiation on ships
Assessment of the degree to which engine room workers on board ship were exposed to infrared radiation. Tests were made to determine the spatial distribution of infrared irradiation in the working zone, and the temperature of the air and the surfaces of the radiation sources were measured. From the data collected, it was possible to assess the thermal stress to which engine room workers are exposed in both permanent and temporary jobs.
Bulletin of the Institute of Maritime and Tropical Medicine in Gdynia, 1981, Vol.32, No.1-2, p.87-92. Illus. 6 ref.
Zaborski L., Szczepański C., Waśkiewicz J.
The effect of vibratory and acoustic conditions on ships upon the circulatory system during sea voyages
Study of noise and vibration levels on an oceangoing vessel and examination of the cardiovascular system of the exposed seamen at the beginning and the end of a 5-months sea voyage (electrocardiography, maximum and minimum arterial pressure, heart rate). Levels of vibration in the engine room exceeded by about 8-10dB the proposed ISO admissible levels for an 8-h day, especially in the vicinity of the main engine. Noise intensity in the engine room and around the generators exceed admissible levels by about 12dB. Noise and vibration levels in other areas were not considered burdensome. Noise and vibration conditions had only a slight effect on the cardiovascular system, producing a slight fall in arterial pressure and a lower heart rate.
Bulletin of the Institute of Maritime and Tropical Medicine in Gdynia, 1981, Vol.32, No.1-2, p.73-85. Illus. 11 ref.
Health problems in seamen and adaptation of seamen to work at sea
The conditions of work of seamen on modern merchant ships are described and, on the basis of the results of a survey of the health of 3,000 seamen, the main health problems encountered are discussed. An analysis is made of sickness rates and the course of adaptation in seamen, with subjects being classified according to the number of 5 year periods they have spent at sea. Healthy seamen adapt more readily to the specific conditions of work at sea, and the degree of adaptation has a direct influence on the seaman's psychological and physical status.
Bulletin of the Institute of Maritime and Tropical Medicine in Gdynia, 1981, Vol.32, No.1-2, p.5-11. 12 ref.
Szczepański C., Zaborski L.
The usefulness of various types of individual hearing protectors for sailors
Report of a study to assess the noise reduction efficiency of 10 types of hearing protectors by measuring temporary threshold shift in wearers and by means of a questionnaire; the efficiency was also assessed in relation to the noise spectra encountered in the engine rooms of 4 types of ship. Sailors exposed to noise without hearing protectors had 13-15dB temporary threshold shift in the higher frequencies, whereas the shift was only 5-8dB in those wearing various types of hearing protector. Subjective evaluation of hearing protectors showed a clear preference for imported models.
Bulletin of the Institute of Maritime and Tropical Medicine in Gdynia, 1981, Vol.32, No.3/4, p.213-223. Illus. 12 ref.
Dock and Port Inspectorate (Inspectie van de Havenarbeid)
Vehicle and cargo lifts on board ship
Plateauliften aan boord van schepen [in Dutch]
Directive/data sheet for construction (mainly safety aspects) and safe operation of these drive-on vehicle lifts on board ships: definitions; operation; specifications; design, construction and installation (prevention of access, stability); mechanical equipment (speed limit, brakes, safety catch device, cables and chains, springs); hydraulic system (fluid, pressure limiting device, pressure gauge, cylinders and plungers); electrical equipment; preventive maintenance; inspection and testing; reproduction of pertinent regulations; useful publications and addresses.
Directoraat-Generaal van de Arbeid, Postbus 69, 2270 MA Voorburg, Netherlands, Nov. 1981. 12p. Illus. Price: Glds.0.50.
Occupational accidents and diseases in inland waterway transport
Accidents du travail et maladies professionnelles dans la batellerie [in French]
MD. thesis. Introductory chapter on inland river and canal shipping and the occupation of bargee in France (shipping fleet, goods transported, social aspects and conditions of work); occupational accidents (with some statistics), especially with regard to equipment, gear and tackle, and on-board falls from height and on the level; diseases (in most cases not specifically occupationa), diet, occupational and personal hygiene, environmental questions. There is an important chapter on safety engineering and occupational health and medical aspects, mainly concerned with the prevention of falls, their consequences, and types of cargo transported.
Université Pierre et Marie Curie, Faculté de médecine Pitié-Salpêtrière, 75006 Paris, France, 1981. 57p. 16 ref.
Ministry of Social Affairs and Employment (Ministerie van Sociale Zaken en Werkgelegenheid)
Annual report of the Inspectorate of Dock Labour, 1979
Inspectie van de Havenarbeid - Jaarverslag over 1979 [in Dutch]
Survey of the organisation and activities of the Netherlands Inspectorate of Dock Labour, with particular reference to the enforcement and administration of occupational safety and health regulations, safety campaigns, vocational training and social welfare. The last chapter is devoted to occupational accidents and their causes (descriptions of accidents involving: containers, lifting equipment in bad condition, cranes, ladders and trapdoors, hatches, pallets, railway-truck shunting, fork-lift trucks, safety helmets, safety shoes, lack of attention, inadequate lighting, commuting, temporary replacement workers, slinging of loads, unsafe stowing of cargo, unsafe working methods).
Arbeidsinspectie, Directoraat-Generaal van de Arbeid, Postbus 69, Voorburg, Netherlands, Sep. 1981. 39p. Illus.
Council of State Decree on the working environment on board ships
Valtioneuvoston päätös työympäristöstä aluksessa [in Finnish]
Statsrådets beslut om arbetsmiljön på fartyg [in Swedish]
This decree (entry into force: 1 July 1981) applies to vessels of 100t and over and covers the working environment in general (protection against harmful physical agents, layout and equipment of work premises, safety of mechanical equipment, lighting, heating and ventilation, noise and vibration protection, protection against ionising radiation), certain specific areas and installations (gangways, chainlocker, ship's store), and communication ways and work platforms (access to vessel, stairs and ladders, access to ship's cranes, holds, etc.). CIS has only the Swedish-language version.
Finlands författningssamling - Suomen säädöskokoelma, 11 June 1981, No.417, p.747-758.
Kårstad O., Karlsen J.E., Flydal E., Ebbestad A.V., Bye S., Ryall R., Remøe S.O., Østby H.
Working environment - offshore rigs and maritime transport
Arbeidsmiljø - offshore og skipsfart [in Norwegian]
Series of articles on present-day occupational safety problems: fatal accidents involving offshore oil rig workers, with examples showing the hazards inherent in certain activities; multiple and difficult problems facing safety officers on drilling platforms; problems of language communication (too many instructions written in English or badly translated into Norwegian); psychological and linguistic problems of oil-rig workers; transport by helicopter; human error, the safety expert's stumbling block; problems of accident investigations; compatibility of safety measures with communications organisation; trends in accidents on board Norwegian ships.
Vern og velferd, 1981, No.6, p.19-55. Illus. 3 ref.
(Ministério do Trabalho)
Operações nos trabalhos de estiva [in Portuguese]
This handbook, adapted from an INFOCAP manual (Peru), was designed for the provision of basic safety instruction to longshoremen. It describes the different kinds of slings, chains, hooks and shackles used in load handling, the properties of wire ropes, and the 4 warning labels used with dangerous cargo. Rules of safe working practice and protective equipment, inspection certificates for wire ropes and rules for safe stowing are outlined. Nautical and harbour terminology is explained.
Fundacentro, Al. Barão de Limeira, 539, CEP 01202, São Paulo (SP), C.P. 30291, Brazil, 1980. 86p. Illus.
USSR State Standards Committee (Gosudarstvennyj komitet SSSR po standartam)
Sea-going ships - General safety requirements
Suda morskie - Obščie trebovanija bezopasnosti [in Russian]
This standard (effective 1 Jan. 1982) applies to ships of a gross tonnage of 500 tons and more. Contents: requirements regarding the layout and construction of workplaces and communications ways on board; crew accomodation; requirements to be met with by the ship's equipment, control elements and systems (thermal insulation of hot piping and surfaces; securing of mobile parts; ergonomic design of control elements; electrical safety); safety devices (protection against falls, railings, hatchway covers, etc.); safety at work during normal operation, maintenance and repair; storage and handling of spare parts, enforcement of safety rules.
Izdatel'stvo standartov, Novopresnenskij per.3, 123 557 Moskva, USSR, 22 Nov. 1980. 7p. Price: Rbl.0.03.
Health protection on board ship
Gesundheitsschutz an Bord [in German]
This manual for merchant marine masters and officers, which can also be used as for training in cadet schools, deals with early diagnosis of, and screening for, seafarers' occupational diseases, and the prevention of health hazards. Contents: general considerations on medical treatment (obligation to provide diagnosis and treatment, screening for specific diseases, medical examinations, principles of treatment, special problems), pathology, emergency treatment (first aid; wounds and injuries; procedure in case of accident; poisoning; basic information on internal medicine; contagious diseases; tropical diseases, eye disorders; ear, nose and throat; stomatological diseases; neurological and mental disorders; gynaecology; skin diseases; venereal diseases), general and personal hygiene, occupational hygiene. Text of national and international regulations. Glossary.
VEB Verlag Volk und Gesundheit, Neue Grünstrasse 18, DDR-1020 Berlin, 1980. 504p. Illus. Prix: M.62.00.
USSR State Standards Committee (Gosudarstvennyj komitet SSSR po standartam)
Loading and unloading work in ports - Safety rules
Raboty pogruzočno-razgruzočnye v portah - Trebovanija bezopasnosti [in Russian]
This standard (effective 1 July 1981) concerns safety aspects of mechanised loading and unloading of ships in sea and river, logging and fishery ports. Contents: general rules; safety rules for work on board ship, in railway freight cars and in warehouses, when transferring loads from one lifting or handling appliance to another, and in goods handling by truck; standard requirements for lifting and handling equipment, and hooking and slinging tackle; standard requirements for loading and unloading areas and for traffic lanes; mandatory personal protective equipment; minimum age (18 years) and physical aptitude of personnel.
Izdatel'stvo standartov, Novopresnenskij per.3, 123557 Moskva, USSR, 30 June 1980. 8p. Price: Rbl.0.03.
Noise exposure of ship's crews
Lärmbelastungen der Besatzungen von Schiffen [in German]
Statistical analysis of 9,000 noise level measurements taken on 400 ships (classification by age of ship, rotating speed of propeller shaft, areas on board - on-duty and off-duty areas). The risk of hearing damage is slightly higher on recently constructed vessels (faster ships of lower tonnage). A great many of the engine-room personnel were exposed to equivalent steady-state noise levels exceeding 89dB(A). In spite this high level of noise exposure, less than 40% of the technical personnel wore hearing protectors. Audiometric tests showed hearing loss in 21% of the technical personnel.
Zentralblatt für Arbeitsmedizin, Arbeitsschutz, Prophylaxe und Ergonomie, June 1980, Vol.30, No.6, p.213-217. Illus.
Finnish Ministry of Social Affairs and Health (Social- och hälsovårdsministeriet)
Order concerning medical examination of seafarers
Förordning om läkarundersökning av sjömän [in Swedish]
This order dated 18 June 1980 (effective 1 Jan. 1981) applies to all persons working on board vessels (including decked trawlers). Contents: definitions; employers' obligations; repeat examinations; procedure for initial examination; procedure for periodic medical examinations; medical certificate; communication of data concerning medical examinations; filing of certificates; exemptions; maritime transport health service; inspection.
Suomen asetuskokoelma - Finlands författningssamling, 1980, No.476, p.1264-1266.
Cook T.C., Shipley P.
Human factors studies of the working hours of UK ship's pilots - Parts 1 and 2.
Part 1 (a field study of fatigue) reports studies in 7 ship pilots working irregular hours: ambulatory ECG, oral temperature, skin conductance, reaction time, subjective feelings. Pilots are often at a low level of activation or arousal when aboard ship and require lengthy periods in which to recuperate from pilotage. There could be adverse effects on maritime safety and individual health and wellbeing in older or less fit men. Part 2 (a survey of work-scheduling problems and their social consequences) reports findings from interview, questionnaire, and diary surveys. Certain districts have working hours and systems which impose a strain on their pilots. Recommendations for change are outlined.
Applied Ergonomics, June 1980, Vol.11, No.2, p.85-92; Sep. 1980, No.3, p.151-159. Illus. 26 ref.
US Department of Transportation, Materials Transportation Bureau
Identification numbers, hazardous wastes, hazardous substances, international descriptions, improved descriptions, forbidden materials, and organic peroxides.
These regulations dated 7 May 1980 (effective 20 Nov. 1980) prescribe a numerical identification system for hazardous materials in transport for commercial purposes and issue rules for the transportation of hazardous wastes and for identification of, and discharge notifications for, hazardous substances. They also list prohibited materials, standardise labelling for organic peroxides, and provide for optional use of United Nations shipping descriptions. Synoptic table (57p.) of hazardous materials, with hazard class, identification number, labelling and packaging requirements, minimum net quantity in one package; air, road, rail and ship transport requirements. Optional hazardous materials table (36p.) for shipping, with IMCO class, UN number, packaging group, and vessel stowage requirements (cargo or passenger vessel). Appendix: cross-reference index (product name/UN number).
Federal Register, 49 Code of Federal Regulations Parts 171-174, 176, 177. 22 May 1980, Vol.45, No.101, p.34560-34705.
Luckritz R.T., Schneider A.L.
Decision making in hazardous materials transportation.
Among the many methods of risk analysis/risk assessment to make effective judgments of the safety of the movement of particular cargoes, 2 tools to determine the hazard presented by a large quantity of hazardous materials are examined: the "equivalent safety concept" (ESC) (Danahy and Gathy) and the "population vulnerability model" (PMV) developed by Environ Control. Inc. ESC is a noncomputer technique that develops indexes for ship cargo hazard, vessel design, and port safety. PVM is a computer simulation of a cargo spill integrated with census data. Damage to life and property are calculated using the census data and the cargo properties to determine the number of deaths and injuries to personnel and financial loss from cargo release. The results and relative hazards calculated using these techniques are compared and analysed.
Journal of Hazardous Materials, Sep. 1980, Vol.4, No.2, p.129-143.
Balestra V., Bogetto B., De Luca F.
Gastroduodenopathy in sailors - Pathogenic aspects I
Le gastroduodenopatie nei marittimi - Aspetti patogenetici I [in Italian]
150 sailors under medical care and 150 healthy sailors were studied. Apscts considered and analysed statistically include eating, drinking, and smoking habits, physiological and psychological factors. An important occupational factor involved is shift work.
Medicina del lavoro, May-June 1980, Vol.71, No.3, p.259-269. Illus. 10 ref.
Dangerous goods classifying catalogue.
Considerably enlarged and updated second edition of this computerised alphabetical catalogue of 2,827 dangerous substances, intended for those engaged in their importation and exportation via Israeli ports. The chief information provided on each substance is: classification by the Israel ports Authority (class A: substances which must be delivered directly; class B: those which must be stored separately, with special provisions for the port of Eilat); Inter-governmental Maritime Consultative Organization (IMCO) classification; subclass (auxiliary classification of materials with several hazardous properties); page number of entry in the IMCO International Maritime Dangerous Goods Code; U.N. No. (number allocated by the United Nations Committee of Experts on the Transport of Dangerous Goods). A letter code indicates: explosion or violent reaction hazard; protective clothing or breathing apparatus required. Information on decontamination and neutralisation of spills. Criteria for toxic materials. Explanatory notes in English and Hebrew.
Second edition, Israel Ports Authority, P.O. B. 20121, Tel-Aviv, Israel, 1980. 422p. Illus.
UK Health and Safety Executive.
Container terminals - Safe working practices.
This booklet gives guidance to employers and workers in places where straddle carriers and other mechanical handling appliances are used, and conforms generally with the recommendations of the revised ILO code of practice on safety and health in dock work (CIS 79-834). Contents: container terminal area; movement control systems; medical requirements for drivers; training of drivers; container handling; pedestrians; operational and safe areas; emergencies; model permit-to-enter system; glossary.
HS(G)Series, HM Stationery Office, PO box 569, London SE1 9NH, United Kingdom, 1980. 23p. Price: £0.75.
Wilson R., Lovejoy F.H., Jaeger R.J., Landrigan P.L.
Acute phosphine poisoning aboard a grain freighter.
29 of 31 crew members became acutely ill after inhaling the fumigant phosphine aboard a grain freighter. The main symptoms were headache, fatigue, nausea, vomiting, jaundice, paraesthesia, ataxia, intention tremor, and diplopia. Phosphine gas had escaped from the holds through a cable housing located near the midships ventilation intake and around hatch covers on the forward deck. Details are given of medical history and physical examination, laboratory data, follow-up studies, and an environmental survey.
Journal of the American Medical Association, 11 July 1980, Vol.244, No.2, p.148-150. 16 ref.
Hazardous chemicals - Spills and waterborne transportation.
Papers read at the 87th national meeting of the Institute are reproduced under the main heads: hazardous chemical spills; waterborne transportation of hazardous chemicals; synthetic and wire ropes for ocean systems.
AIChE symposium series, Vol.76, No.194. American Institute of Chemical Engineers, 345 East 47 Street, New York, N.Y. 10017. USA, 1980. 147p. Illus. 133 ref.
Netherlands Ministry of Social Affairs (Ministerie van Sociale Zaken)
Annual report of the Inspectorate of Dock Labour, 1978
Jaarverslag inspectie van de havenarbeid - 1978 [in Dutch]
General survey of the organisation and activities of the Netherlands Inspectorate of Dock Labour, with particular reference to the enforcement and administration of occupational safety and health regulations, safety campaigns, vocational training and social welfare. The last chapter is devoted to occupational accidents and their causes (descriptions of accidents involving dangerous substances, lifting equipment, fork lift trucks, belt conveyors, slinging and lifting cargo; hatches; stairways and ladders; unsafe work methods, oxygen insufficiency).
Arbeidsinspectie, Directoraat-Generaal van de Arbeid, Postbus 69, Voorburg, Netherlands, Mar. 1980. 35p.
Health and Safety Executive
A hell of a way to die
Videotape version of the safety film abstracted as CIS 80-1208. A fatal accident resulting from the breakdown of safety systems on a dock is described.
CFL Vision, P.O. Box 35, Wetherby LS23 7EX, United Kingdom, 1979. Videotape. Length: 22min. Price: GBP 28.68 (hire), GBP 85.10 (sale). ###
Kathe O.I., Novikov T.N., Kovner R.I.
Occupational safety and health in sea transport
Ohrana truda na morskom transporte [in Russian]
Contents of this training manual for merchant marine cadets: OSH legislation and organisation in the USSR; occupational accidents - causes and analysis; occupational hazards (occupational health and hygiene standards, bad weather, toxic substances, dust, radiation, noise, vibration; ventilation and air conditioning, lighting, ergonomics); safety and safety engineering (electrical safety, prevention of accidents on board ship, in ports, shipyards, and in underwater work); fire prevention (organisation, fire drill, fire fighting, fire alarms).
Izdatel'stvo "Transport", Basmannyj tup. 6a, Moskva, USSR, 1979. 263p. Illus. 22 ref. Price: Rbl.0.95.
Work and health of seafarers
Merenkulkijoiden työ ja terveys [in Finnish]
Report on an investigation of Finnish seafarers' working conditions, job content and mental and physical health to assess stress. Links between work-related and individual factors and health were investigated and a comparison of seafaring with other occupations was made. 1,050 questionnaires were sent to seafarers; 60% of them were returned. Average age of those answering was 34 years; 23% of the respondents were women. Factors considered: rough seas, seaworthiness of ship, job satisfaction, sequence of work and leisure time, length of time spent at sea (some over 6 months), health status, age, sex- and work-related factors, fatigue, subjective symptoms of stress, personality factors (significantly related to number and severity of symptoms).
Tutkimuksia 155/1979, Työterveyslaitos, Laajaniityntie 1, 01620 Vantaa 62, Finland, 1979. 84p. Illus. 32 ref. Price: Fmk.25.00.
Health and Safety Executive.
A hell of a way to die.
This film and training package (48 colour slides and printed commentary) describe a dock accident in which a worker is killed by being crushed between a load accidentally knocked off a dock vehicle and a container standing on the quay. Factors considered: confusion on quaysides when ships are being unloaded; over 100 serious transport accidents in British docks in 12 months; necessity for better traffic rules, work organisation and safety rules; hazards of fork lift trucks, straddle carriers and articulated vehicles; pedestrian traffic.
16mm colour film with optical sound track, 22 min, and slide training package, 1979. Film: Central Film Library, Government Building, Bromyard Avenue, London W3 7JB; slides: Special Projects Section, Health and Safety Executive, Baynards House, 1 Chepstow Place, London W2 4TF, United Kingdom. Price: (film) hire: £6.50 first day, £1 for each subsequent day; slides (purchase only): £30.00 plus VAT.
International Labour Conference, Geneva, 1979.
Convention 152 and Recommendation 160, concerning occupational safety and health in dock work [ILO]
Convention n°152 et Recommandation n°160 concernant la sécurité et l'hygiène du travail dans les manutentions portuaires [OIT] [in French]
The Convention, adopted 27 June 1979, contains definitions and general provisions followed by specific provisions concerning: fencing of unsafe workplaces, adequate lighting, safe stacking of goods, fire fighting, communication ways, guarding of machinery, access to ships, holds and cargo decks; hatch covers and beams, hatchways, powered vehicles, ventilation in holds, lifting appliances, slinging, testing and inspection of ships' lifting and cargo-handling appliances; safe working loads, stowing of cargo, health protection, personal protective equipment; accident reporting, medical surveillance, training, sanitary facilities; measures for implementation and ratification of the instrument. The Recommendation supplementing it, adopted on the same day, specifies measures to be taken in giving effect to the Convention (marking of passageways, safety measures for roll on/roll off ramps, means of escape from holds and crane cabins, pallets, dangerous substances, first aid).
Official Bulletin - Bulletin officiel, International Labour Office, 1211 Genève 22, Switzerland, 1979, Vol.62, Series A, No.2, p.57-70 and 76-79.
USSR State Standards Committee (Gosudarstvennyj komitet SSSR po standartam).
Method of noise monitoring on board sea and river-going ships
Šum. Metod kontrolja na morskih i rečnyh sudah [in Russian]
This standard (effective 1 July 1980) defines procedures for determining noise levels corresponding to various octave bands, and gives details on the choice of instruments, the measurements to be carried out while the ship's engines are running at a given speed, and the measurement procedures. Instructions for the mathematical evaluation of measurement results.
GOST 12.1.020-79, Izdatel'stvo standartov, Novopresnenskij per.3, 123557 Moskva, USSR, 21 Aug. 1979. 5p. Price: Rbl.0.03.
Seamen's work and mental health - A literature review.
Merenkulkijoiden työ ja mielenterveys - Kirjallisuuskatsaus [in Finnish]
Problems discussed include isolation of life aboard ship (limited social activity, separation from home and lack of family life); shift work; noise and vibration; temperature extremes and variations. While the physical workload has decreased in the job, heavy responsibilities have increased the mental stress. It appears that seamen have more mental problems than the average, as shown by neuroses and alcoholism. Adaptability to the work was studied from the viewpoints of work efficiency and mental health risk.
TTL/23-1979, Katsauksia 27, Institute of Occupational Health (Työterveyslaitos), Laajaniityntie 1, 01620 Vantaa 62, Finland, 1979. 46p. Illus. 95 ref. Price: Fmk 6.00.
Hazardous cargoes - Brief guide on handling dangerous substances in the port of Rotterdam
Gevaarlijke lading - Beknopte handleiding voor de behandeling van gevaarlijke stoffen in de haven van Rotterdam [in Dutch]
Contents of this booklet: definition of "dangerous"; sources of information on the dangerous properties of a given substance; pertinent Netherlands regulations; Intergovernmental Maritime Consultative Organization (IMCO) Code; type-of-hazard warning on bales, containers etc.; mandatory cargo separation rules (prohibition of shipping certain products simultaneously); authorities to be notified before loading or unloading dangerous substances within the port area; road transport in the Rhine estuary; accident prevention; organisation of rescue work. Appended: hazard symbols (IMCO Code); comparative table of danger categories; tables showing categories of cargoes which must be kept separate; declaration forms; list of products to be declared to harbourmaster; products which have to be routed over a compulsory itinerary; useful addresses in the Netherlands.
Commissie Gevaarlijke Stoffen, Scheepvaart Vereeniging Zuid, Pieter de Hoochweg 110, 3024 BH Rotterdam, Netherlands, June 1979. 31p. Illus. Price: Glds.7.00.
Annual report of the Inspectorate of Dock Labour, 1977
Jaarverslag - Inspectie van de havenarbeid - 1977 [in Dutch]
General survey of the organisation and activities of the Netherlands Inspectorate of Dock Labour, with particular reference to the enforcement and administration of occupational safety and health regulations, safety campaigns, vocational training and the occupational medical service of the Port of Rotterdam. The last chapter is devoted to occupational accidents and their causes (descriptions of accidents involving access on board, dangerous materials, hatches, unsafe stowing of cargo, and slinging, lifting and handing loads).
Arbeidsinspectie, Directoraat-Generaal van de Arbeid, Postbus 69, Voorburg, Netherlands, May 1979. 37p.
Comité technique des départements d'outre-mer, Caisse nationale de l'assurance-maladie, Paris, 10 Nov. 1978.
Loading and unloading pesticides in sea ports
Chargement ou déchargement des pesticides dans les ports maritimes. [in French]
This recommendation covers the following aspects: informing workers of the hazards involved in handling these products and of the industrial hygiene and other preventive measures to be observed, including the use of personal protective equipment; providing workers with such protective equipment and ensuring that it is used. Information on the mandatory labelling and colour coding of containers.
Cahiers de notes documentaires - Sécurité et hygiène du travail, 3rd quarter 1979, No.96, Note No.1209-96-79 (Recommendation No.164), p.483-484.
Revision of the Protection against Accidents (Dockers) Convention (Revised), 1932 (No.32).
Révision de la convention (n°32) sur la protection des dockers contre les accidents (révisée), 1932. [in French]
Report prepared on the basis of the replies received, from 49 member States of the ILO, to a questionnaire inviting observations or amendments on the proposed international instruments (a Convention and a Recommendation and 2 alternative texts: a somewhat shorter Convention suplemented by a more detailed Recommendation) submitted as a basis for discussion and possible adoption by the International Labour Conference at its 65th Session (Geneva, June 1979). For the first report on this question, submitted to the 64th Session, see CIS 77-1515. The substance of the Governments' replies to each question are reproduced with commentaries. The texts of the proposed international instruments are appended, covering the following aspects: scope and definitions; construction, equipping and maintenance of dock structures; fire and explosion prevention; access to ships and holds; hatches and hatchways; lifting and cargo-handling appliances; staging; derricks; chains, ropes and slings; cargo handling; stacking and storage; dangerous substances and other workplace hazards; personal protective equipment; sanitary facilities, welfare; medical supervision; first aid and rescue; safety and health organisation; training; notification and investigation of accidents and diseases; technical measures; implementation.
Report IV(2), International Labour Conference, 65th Session, 1979. International Labour Office, 1211 Genève 22, Switzerland, 1979. 97p. Price: SF.17.50.
Hazard evaluation of chemicals for bulk marine shipment.
The chemicals transported in tank ships range in properties from essentially harmless to highly hazardous (human health hazards, flammability and reactivity hazards and flammable properties are considered). Although the USA and Intergovernmental Maritime Consultative Organization (IMCO) require certain minimum data before classifying a new chemical to be transported in bulk, no formal system exists to correlate these data with specific shipboard requirements such as the location of the tank within the vessel, gauging and venting systems, or cargo overfill protection. Developing guidelines for the evaluation of chemicals is a two part problem. First, the inherent hazards of a chemical (the hazards of a product when it is released, without regard to the way it is stored as cargo) must be investigated. In the second part of the evaluation, these hazards are then correlated with specific shipboard requirements as mentioned above. This paper outlines the essential elements for developing a comprehensive system of hazard evaluation for bulk liquid chemicals.
Journal of Hazardous Materials, Feb. 1979, Vol.3, No.1, p.33-48. 10 ref.
Factories and Industrial Undertakings (Cargo Handling) Regulations [Hong Kong]
Regulations effective 21 July 1978 (updated to 1991) and issued under the authority of the 1955 Factories and Industrial Undertakings Ordinance (see CIS 89-6). They concern safety requirements during the loading, unloading and handling of goods at a dock, quay or wharf. The requirements include: safe access to all working places; provisions for rescue from drowning; proper lighting; safe electrical equipment; maintenance and safe use of fork-lift trucks; safe stacking and unstacking of cargo or goods. A separate part deals with the provision of first aid facilities and with the training of workers in first aid. In the schedule: list of first aid equipment to be kept in a first aid box or cupboard.
Government Printer, Hong Kong, 1991. 4p. Price: HKD 10.00.
Department of Trade.
Carriage of dangerous goods in ships: Report of the Standing Advisory Committee 1978 - The Blue Book.
This loose-leaf document gives the report of the Committee, followed by the text of the Merchant Shipping (Dangerous Goods) Rules 1978 (Statutory Instrument 1543/1978) and the Committee's recommendations, based to a very large extent on the IMCO International Maritime Dangerous Goods Code (IMDG), covering: explosives, gases, flammable liquids and solids, oxidising agents, toxic and radioactive substances and corrosives (listed in synoptic tables indicating category, stowage conditions, warning labels and other requirements) and tank requirements for dangerous liquids. Amendment No.1-79 takes account of amendments to the IMDG effective in the United Kingdom on 1 Sep. 1979 (mainly concerning the code for portable tanks and the appendix concerning totally enclosed battery-operated fork lift trucks).
H.M. Stationery Office, P.O. Box 569, London SE1 9NH, United Kingdom, 3rd. edition, 1978. 350p. Illus. Price: £9.00. Amendment No.1-79, July 1979. 125p. Price: £4.00.
Safety in loading and unloading ships
Sicherheit bei Lösch- und Ladearbeiten [in German]
The first part of this bilingual booklet (English, German) specifies requirements imposed on stevedoring companies and ship's commands for providing safe working conditions on board: lighting, access to the ship, traffic ways, passages and working areas on board, safety measures and supervision during loading and unloading, use of winches, derricks and lifting equipment, elevating and transporting devices and handling equipment. The text of the safety regulations for loading and unloading ships issued by the German Industrial Mutual Accident Insurance Association for the wholesale trade (including warehouses) (CIS 78-1809) and a data sheet on fork lift trucks operating on wooden hatch covers are appended.
Grosshandels- und Lagerei-Berufsgenossenschaft, M 5, 7, 6800 Mannheim, Germany (Fed.Rep.), 1978. 53p. Illus.
The safety aspects of the supply and storage LNG-LPG.
Les aspects de la sécurité du transport et du stockage GNL-GPL. [in French]
Report of a collective course for officials of the Labour Inspectorates of the 9 member states of the European Community (Amsterdam, 9-13 Oct. 1978). The text of the Netherlands presentation to the course (general information, data on the Netherlands energy supply and proportion of LNG and LPG used, legal aspects, LNG and LPG storage, nautical aspects, risk analysis at sea and ashore), and a description of the Gasunie "peak shaving" LNG terminal at Rotterdam for seagoing gas tankers, are followed by a discussion on safety aspects and an exchange of information (papers submitted by representatives of the CEC countries are reproduced), a description of the work of the Netherlands Safety Institute, and a paper presented by Van Dam I.C. on seagoing gas tankers: technical aspects and administrative control (role of the Intergovernmental Maritime Consultative Organisation (IMCO) and the International Labour Organisation (ILO), the IMCO Gas Carrier Code, ship categories, certification, crew qualification, tank and/or ship size limitation, traffic controls and pilotage, national and international control).
Ministry of Social Affairs, General Directorate of Labour (Ministerie van Sociale Zaken, Directoraat-Generaal van de Arbeid, Postbus 69, Voorburg, Netherlands, Oct. 1978. 154p. Illus.
Incidence and prevention of reactions to chemical and vegetable substances in Rotterdam dock workers
Het vóórkomen en de preventie van reacties op chemische en plantaardige stoffen bij havenwerkers te Rotterdam [in Dutch]
Results are reported of a study on allergenic, irritant, caustic, photosensitising and toxic substances loaded and unloaded in large quantities in the port of Rotterdam. Measures for protection and information (distribution of leaflets) of workers taken by the authorities are reviewed. Health impairments due to these substances account for some 9% of accidents. The principal reactions observed are described (allergies; eye, skin and mucosal irritation; chemical burns; photosensitivity reactions; poisoning; dilatation of the pupils). Attention is drawn to particular hazardous substances such as sodium hydroxide, and the need for improved packaging.
Tijdschrift voor sociale geneeskunde, 8 Nov. 1978, Vol.56, No.22, p.724-729. Illus. 4 ref.
SFS 1978:109, Department of Transport and Communications (Kommunikationsdepartementet), Stockholm, 30 Mar. 1978.
Act to amend the Act (1965:719) concerning safety on board ships
Lag om ändring i lagen (1965:719) om säkerheten på fartyg [in Swedish]
This Act (effective 1 July 1978) makes far-reaching amendments to the original Act, particularly as regards occupational accident and disease prevention (Ch.3). The new text inserted concerns collaboration between the shipowners and the crew, the nomination of a safety representative in all vessels manned by a crew of 5 or more, the membership of the safety and health committee, and the powers and duties of safety representatives. Other chapters of the new Act are devoted to: safety in general, seaworthiness and certificate of seaworthiness, load line and freeboard certificate, certifying of passenger vessels, crew and minimum manning requirements, inspection, detention of substandard vessels, obligations and responsibilities, etc.
Svensk författningssamling, 11 Apr. 1978, p.1-20.
Revision of the Protection against Accidents (Dockers) Convention (Revised), 1932 (No.32).
Révision de la convention (n°32) sur la protection des dockers contre les accidents (révisée), 1932. [in French]
This booklet summarises the report of the Committee which, at the 64th Session of the International Labour Conference (Geneva, June 1978) examined this question with a view to the adoption of an international instrument. The conclusions of the Conference for the second discussion at the 65th Session (Geneva, June 1979), the record of the discussion, at the 64th Session, of the committee's report and the conclusions are reproduced. The booklet also reproduces the proposed text of a revised international Convention: definitions; exceptions; scope (fires and explosions; hatches and hatchways; lifting and cargo-handling appliances; staging; rigging and ships' derricks; testing and certification of lifting appliances, chains, ropes and slings; handling of cargo; stacking and storage of goods on shore; dangerous substances; Working environment; personal protective equipment; medical supervision; first-aid and rescue ; safety and health organisation; worker training; notification and investigation of accidents and diseases); access to holds; lighting; machine guarding. Text of a proposed Recommendation, and of a resolution adopted by the Conference concerning the ILO Code of Practice on Safety and Health in Dock Work.
Report IV(1), International Labour Conference, 65th Session, 1979. International Labour Office, 1211 Genève 22, Switzerland, 1978. 82p. Price: SF.17.50.
Annual report of the Inspectorate of Dock Labour, 1976
Jaarverslag inspectie van de havenarbeid - 1976 [in Dutch]
General survey of the organisation and activities of the Netherlands Inspectorate of Dock Labour, with particular reference to the enforcement and administration of occupational safety and health regulations, safety campaigns, vocational training and social welfare. The last chapter is devoted to occupational accidents and their causes (descriptions of accidents involving lifting equipment, bulldozers, fork lift trucks, belt conveyors, slinging and lifting cargo; containers, fires, hatches, stairways and ladders, unsafe work methods, gases and vapours, hazardous substances, ergonomic aspects).
Ministry of Social Affairs (Ministerie van Sociale Zaken), Den Haag. Arbeidsinspectie, Directoraat-Generaal van de Arbeid, Postbus 69, Voorburg, Netherlands, Mar. 1978. 55p. Illus.
Department of Trade, London.
Code of pratice for noise levels in ships.
This code of practice takes the form of recommendations for those concerned with designing, building and owning or managing ships, to protect seafarers from the harmful effects of noise and to establish acceptable conditions in respect of noise on board ship at sea and in port. Sections are devoted to: scope, purpose and application of the code, measuring equipment (sound level meter, choice of equipment, impulse noise measurement, calibrating); method of measurement; survey (operating conditions at sea and in port); limits (acceptable maximum noise levels at different parts of the ship); exposure of personnel to potentially harmful noise; methods of controlling noise exposure; ear protection (warning symbol for mandatory use of earmuffs); training of personnel; responsibility; definitions. Appendices: format for presentation of ship noise survey results; methods of calculating equivalent continuous sound level; types of ear protectors; methods of converting octave band sound pressure levels to A-weighted sound level; extract from pertinent regulations.
H.M. Stationery Office, London SE1 9NH, United Kingdom, 1978. 64p. Illus. Price: £2.00.
Federation of Industrial Mutual Accident Insurance Assocations (Hauptverband der gewerblichen Berufsgenossenschaften), Bonn, 1 Apr. 1978.
Loading and unloading ships
Be- und Entladen von Wasserfahrzeugen [in German]
These safety regulations apply to the loading and unloading of all types of cargo, but do not apply to dredging operations or to the loading and unloading of tankers. Definitions are followed by sections devoted to: access to ships and holds; workposts; stowing of cargo; signallers; use of winches and lifting equipment; co-ordination of work between gangs; supervisions; personal protective equipment and clothing for crew, stevedores and dock workers, etc. Rules for the application of, and a commentary on, these regulations are appended.
Carl Heymanns Verlag KG, Gereonstrasse 18-32, 5000 Köln 1, Germany (Fed.Rep.), 1978. 2 booklets: 11 + 8p. Price: DM.1.40.
Accident prevention on board ship at sea and in port. Code of practice
Prévention des accidents à bord des navires en mer et dans les ports. Recueil de directives pratiques [in French]
This code of practice was drawn up by a meeting of 9 international experts, convened by the ILO at Geneva (25 Jan.- 2 Feb. 1977) and attended by representatives of WHO, IMCO, the EEC and the WFTU. Contents: duties and responsibilities of employers, masters, officers and ratings, housekeeping, protective equipment, training in the use of internationally agreed life-saving appliances; manual lifting, and carrying loads; safe access to ship; use and upkeep of ropes, slings and chains; anchoring and mooring operations; work on deck or under deck spaces; work in boiler and machinery spaces; electrical equipment; catering services; safety in living accommodation; life-saving; fire precautions and fire fighting appliances; tankers and combination carriers; other special types of ship; medical aid; personal hygiene and protection. Appendices; contents of ship's medicine chest; artificial respiration and resuscitation. Subject index.
International Labour Office, 1211 Genève 22, Switzerland, 1978. 188p. Illus. Price: CHF 17.50.
Safety and health in dock work. Code of practice
Sécurité et hygiène dans les manutentions portuaires. Recueil de directives pratiques [in French]
Seguridad e higiene en los trabajos portuarios. Repertorio de recomendaciones prácticas [in Spanish]
This code takes account of developments in dock work during the 2 decades since the first 1958 edition (e.g. freight containers, "Ro-Ro" system, sophisticated lifting and loading equipment in new ocean terminals). It is intended for use both in conventional and modern dock facilities. Contents: definitions; lighting, hand tools, fire protection; access to ships and holds; lifting appliances and other cargo-handling appliances; mobile cranes; ship's cargo pulley blocks; ship's derricks; winches; wire rope; man-made and natural fibre rope; pulley blocks for fibre ropes; ship's cargo lifts; movement of vehicles on board ship; freight container terminals (access, etc.); vacuum lifting devices; magnetic lifting devices; fork-lift trucks; loose gear; flat belt slings; stacking and storage; warehouses; dock railways; dangerous substances and environments; personal protective equipment; medical aid; occupational health services; personal facilities; selection and training of dockworkers; safety and health organisation; reporting and investigation of occupational accidents and diseases. Appendices: testing and inspection of lifting appliances and loose gear; test loading; factor of safety; steel quality grade mark; heat treatment of wrought iron; marking of single-sheave blocks. Subject index.
International Labour Office, 1211 Genève 22, Switzerland, 1977. 221p. Price: CHF 27.50.
Department of Trade, London.
Marine activities - Guide to the responsibilities of government departments and agencies.
The Health and Safety at Work Act 1974 has been extended to cover the occupational safety of those engaged in the exploitation of offshore oil and gas resources in the United Kingdom Continental Shelf. This booklet directs the reader to the government departments responsible for the various aspects of safety at sea. It is in 3 sections: shipping, offshore oil and gas exploration and exploitation, and other subjects (fisheries, etc.). Each section contains a list of the subjects covered, in alphabetical order, giving a reference to the government department with primary responsibility, and these are listed with addresses. The bibliography is in the main a list of the relevant legislation.
H.M. Stationery Office, P.O. Box 569, London SE1 9NH, United Kingdom, 1977. 48p. 45 ref. Price: £1.00.
German inland water transport accident statistics for 1976
Unfallstatistik 1976 der deutschen Binnenschiffahrt [in German]
These statistics supplied by the Mutual Accident Insurance Association for Inland Water Transport cover some 10,000 tugs, barges, dredgers and other vessels (synoptic table) and 38,500 workers. There has been a decreasing trend in the number of boatmen and other inland water transport workers since 1964, with a corresponding decrease in the number of occupational accidents. Diagrams and graphs illustrate the following aspects of these statistics (in absolute numbers): injuries among insured workers; accidents in relation to the overall economic situation in W. Germany; breakdown of accidents (falls, ropes and cables, tools, boats, hazardous substances, winches, trans-shipment, machines, etc.). There has been little falling-off in the frequency of accidents in general, whereas the absolute number of fatal accidents and other categories of accident has decreased considerably.
Der Landsteg, 1977, No.2, p.3-10. Illus.
Safety problems concerning equipment for ventilating tank barges transporting flammable liquids on inland waterways
Einige sicherheitstechnische Probleme bei Be- und Entlüftungseinrichtungen an Ladetanks von Binnentankern für brennbare Flüssigkeiten [in German]
In the closed tanks of tank barges the inevitable heating (e.g. due to the heat of the sun) causes overpressure which may exceed the pressure at which the mandatory overpressure valves can be opened. The possibility of an explosive atmosphere developing near the tanks depends on the type of overpressure valve. This article considers the advantages of overpressure valves to eliminate explosion hazards, as compared to those of open tanks, and studies chiefly the conditions for the formation of an explosive atmosphere inside and outside the tanks, and the possibility of using flame arresters.
Der Landsteg, 1977, No.2, p.11-16. Illus.
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