Water transportation - 485 entries found
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Jégaden D., Piquemal B.
Low back pain in merchant seamen. Frequency and risk factors
Les lombalgies chez les marins de commerce - Fréquence et facteurs de risque [in French]
Results of a survey of low back pain in a sample of 285 sailors of the French merchant marine: 35% suffered from lumbar pain, and 17% had had to stop work for this reason. Patients suffering from lower back pain are more overweight than backache-free subjects, and the problem is aggravated by movements of the ship at sea (which place an extra load on the spine) and by 2-20Hz vibrations produced by ships' engines.
Archives des maladies professionnelles, 1985, Vol.46, No.3, p.189-192. Illus. 11 ref.
Meek M., Brown W.R., Fulford K.G.
A shipbuilder's view of safety
Aspects covered: the shipbuilder and the history of marine safety; the economic concerns of the shipbuilder; comparison with aircraft safety (losses, learning from accidents, design considerations, regulations); effectiveness of marine safety regulations. Recommendations: internationalisation of standards, rational legislation, cost-effective use of resources.
Maritime Policy and Management, Oct.-Dec. 1985, Vol.12, No.4, p.251-262. Illus. 3 ref.
Shortcomings of the mechanisation, automatisation and robotisation (M.A.R.) in the maritime industry
Insuficiencia de los procesos de mecanización, automatización y robotización (M.A.R.) en el sector maritimo [in Spanish]
The impact of the introduction of new technology in shipbuilding and navigation in Spain is evaluated. Human and structural problems are identified. The need to train and prepare workers to deal with this new way of working is emphasised.
Salud y trabajo, Mar.-Apr. 1985, No.48, p.48-54. Illus.
McCarthy P.E., Cockroft A.E., McDermott M.
Lung function after exposure to barley dust
Expiratory flow rates and other indices of lung function are presented for 6 dockworkers engaged in loading barley, for 4 workers loading a non-dusty cargo and for 5 controls after they had spent 2h in the dustiest part of the dock silo. Decreases in ventilatory capacity of up to 800mL were noted among the exposed workers, as well as decreases in flow at 50% vital capacity (but not at 75% vital capacity). In 3 subjects there was a drop in specific airway conductance lasting for less than 24h.
British Journal of Industrial Medicine, Feb. 1985, Vol42, No.2, p.106-110. Illus. 10 ref.
Merchant Shipping - Safety - The Merchant Shipping (Health and Safety: General Duties) Regulations 1984 [United Kingdom]
General requirements for the maintenance of a safe and healthy working environment aboard merchant ships.
HMSO Books, P.O. Box 276, London SW8 5DT, United Kingdom, 1984. 6p. Price: GBP 1.30.
Sten'ko Ju. M., Aranovič G.I.
Handbook on occupational safety and health on board ships
Spravočnik po gigiene i sanitarii na sudah [in Russian]
This handbook covers a wide range of aspects of occupational safety and hygiene in sea and inland water transport, and summarises the application of occupational hygiene legislation in shipbuilding. Contents: working conditions on board ships (the marine climate, noise, vibration, electromagnetic fields, static electricity, lighting); premises (hygiene, ventilation systems, heating and air conditioning, water supply systems, prophylaxis against infectious diseases); feeding of crews, working conditions in extreme environments, standardisation of the length of tours of duty, hygiene and psychophysiology of female crew, safety measures for transportation of chemicals, ergonomics; psychology of seafarers' work, environmental monitoring, international law on environmental pollution from ships.
Izdatel'stvo Sudostroenie, ul. Gogolja 8, 191065 Leningrad, USSR, 1984. 632p. Illus. Price: SUR 3.60.
Suhin K.M., Telešuk A.S.
Occupational safety in inland water transport
Bezopasnost' truda na rečnom transporte [in Russian]
This handbook includes terminology and enumeration of valid regulations on labour protection. Contents: measures on labour protection in plant and vessels of the inland fleet, safety requirements covering vessels and on-shore equipment of water transport, operation and repair of vessels, loading and unloading, electrical safety, personel protective equipment, requirements for safe and healthy working conditions. Relevant directives are reproduced in appendices.
Izdatel'stvo Transport, Basmannyj tup. 6a, 107171 Moskva, USSR, 1984. 184p. Illus. 11 ref. Index. Price: SUR 1.00.
Gutiérrez García-Chico J.L
Work in the cold storage rooms of refrigerator boats
Trabajos en cámaras frigoríficas de buques congeladores [in Spanish]
Survey of the various aspects of work in cold storage rooms. The associated health hazards are identified. A table presents the maximum amount of time spent at work for a given temperature (no limit for -1°C to -17°C; 5min/h between -56°C and -70°C). Protective clothing and other protective equipment are described, as are measures and equipment designed to prevent accidents (frostbite, exposure to refrigerating gases).
Medicina y seguridad del trabajo, Oct.-Dec. 1984, Vol.31, No.124, p.21-27.
(Garde côtière canadienne, Administration canadienne du transport maritime de Transports Canada)
Personal safety on ships
La sécurité à bord du navire [in French]
Aspects covered in this booklet on the hazards of working at sea: protective clothing and equipment; fire precautions and firefighting; manual handling; movement about the ship; access to the ship; confined spaces; maintenance and repair work; work in galleys.
Ministry of Supply and Services, Ship Safety Branch, Ottawa, Canada, 1984. 22p. Illus.
Kanesaki H., Murai N.
Acute phosphine intoxication observed among stevedores engaged in the removal of silico-manganese ore from the hold of a ship
Acute phosphine (PH3) intoxication was observed among 7 stevedores engaged in scraping out wet silico-manganese ore from the hold of a ship. Symptoms appeared 3-5h after work. The effects included chemical pneumonitis, inflammation of the upper respiratory tract and disorders of the liver, kidneys, central nervous system and digestive tract. Although mild cases improved in one month, improvement of subjective and objective findings in severe cases took more time, and even after the administration of corticosteroids abnormalities remained for over half a year. Origin of the PH3: since the silico-manganese ore was wet, hydrogen was generated from the water by the action of the catalyst manganese, and the hydrogen reacted with small quantities of phosphorous in the ore.
Japanese Journal of Traumatology and Occupational Medicine, July 1984, Vol.32, No.7, p.538-544. Illus. 9 ref.
Noise aboard ships: its effects on the hearing of merchant seamen
Bruit à bord des navires: son retentissement sur la fonction auditive des marins de commerce [in French]
This study involved 222 seamen (132 of whom were engine-room workers), who spend several months every year at sea. A noise evaluation of ships has shown that important differences exist between engine rooms and other areas aboard. Audiometric examinations showed that engine-room workers, exposed throughout the day to noise levels above 90dB(A), suffered hearing impairment (with peak impairment at 4000Hz), while the other seamen, whose exposure was in the 60-85dB(A) range, suffered from premature presbycusis. The periodic nature of work aboard (3 months work/2 months vacation) and the retirement age (55 years) account for the fact that the hearing damage suffered by engine-room workers is limited, despite the very high levels of noise they are exposed to. Emphasis is on noise control aboard ships, on medical surveillance of workers at risk and on audiometric examinations of engine-workers every two years.
Archives des maladies professionnelles, 1984, Vol.45, No.5, p.345-349. Illus. 6 ref.
Goethe W.H.G., Watson E.N., Jones D.T.
Handbook of nautical medicine
This handbook is aimed at doctors on board ships and at other crew members responsible for health. It covers a wide range of topics, including: the history of nautical medicine; the ship's medical centre and medical chest; medical care on ships without a doctor (including radio medical advice); work and recreation at sea; effects of ship design on the physical and mental health of seamen; effects of macroclimate and microclimate; lighting; noise and vibration; water supply; waste and wastewater disposal; food; psychological problems; occurrence, frequency and aetiology of diseases and trauma on ships; accidents; classes of diseases (gastrointestinal, respiratory, musculoskeletal, venereal, skin, cardiovascular, urologic, mental, other); dental problems; treatment of sick seamen ashore; preventive medicine aboard (education, personal and food hygiene, alcohol and drug abuse, smoking, immunisation, disinfection and disinfestation, international health regulations); special topics (fitness for duty, dangerous cargoes, fishing fleets, women and children on board, the sea pilot, extreme conditions, search and rescue at sea, lifesaving appliances, offshore medicine, underwater medicine and diving).
Springer-Verlag, Heidelberger Platz 3, Postfach D-1000 Berlin 33, 1984. 490p. Illus. Bibl. Price: DM.198.00.
(Comité technique national des industries des transports et de la manutention, Caisse nationale de l'assurance maladie)
Inland waterways. Prevention of falling overboard
Navigation intérieure. Prévention des risques de chute à l'eau [in French]
Technical note adopted 15 June 1983, recommending preventive measures for the most severe risks affecting boatmen on French inland waterways, such as stumbling, slipping on deck, and falling overboard. Collective protection measures concerning working surfaces include: stability, resistance, antislip floors, cleaning, protection of openings and obtrusions, positioning of movable objects, lighting of passages, protection against falling overboard, equipment for getting on and off board. Personal and collective protective equipment, lifebuoys and lifeboats. Lifejackets are proposed as additional protective equipment. Applicable regulations in France are listed.
Cahiers de notes documentaires - Sécurité et hygiène du travail, 2nd quarter 1984, No.115, Note No.1487-115-84, p.243-254.
Jones R.N., Diem J.E., Ziskand M.M., Rodriguez M., Weill H.
Radiographic evidence of asbestos effects in American marine engineers
Report on a pilot survey of 5,041 marine engineers serving on U.S. merchant ships. An examination of their x-rays yielded a 12% pleural abnormality rate, about 1/3 of which included pleural plaques. Using linear regression analysis, a positive relation was established between pleural abnormalities and age and/or length of service. It is suggested that work with asbestos, heavily used until 1975 as thermal insulation by U.S. shipbuilders, is responsible for the heavy incidence of abnormalities.
Journal of Occupational Medicine, Apr. 1984, Vol.26, No.4, p.281-284. 10 ref.
Dangerous substances in ports - Safe handling of unit loads
Gevaarlijke stoffen in de haven - Veilige behandling van stukgoed [in Dutch]
Contents of this information sheet: Dutch and international regulations; classification of hazardous substances; labelling and warning symbols; planning of loading cargo on board and grouping by category; safety measures (obligations, special means of slinging, fire prevention, measurement of the concentration of harmful substances in holds and hangars, personal protection, first aid, alarm in the case of damage to cargo, decontamination methods, oversized spillage retaining drums); checklists; relevant publications of the Dutch Labour Inspectorate.
Directoraat-Generaal van de Arbeid, Postbus 69, 2270 MA Voorburg, Netherlands, 1984. 27p. Illus.
Hazardous substances in harbours - Safe stowage in and of containers
Gevaarlijke stoffen in de haven - Veilig stuwen in containers - Veilig stuwen van containers [in Dutch]
This directive is mostly based on the "Guidelines for training in the packing of cargo in freight containers", published jointly by the IMO (International Maritime Organisation) and the ILO. It contains: Dutch and international regulations on the transportation of hazardous substances; labelling and warning signs (particularly for the loading of dry ice); rules for packing in containers (visual inspection, stowage of parcels; special rules concerning explosives, compressed gases, flammable liquids, radioactive substances); labelling, sealing and certification of loads; loading and stowage on container carriers of containers holding hazardous substances (placement and separation of containers); individual protective equipment.
Directoraat-Generaal van de Arbeid, Postbus 69, 2270 MA Voorburg, Netherlands, 1984. 22p. Illus. 19 ref. Price: Glds.0.50.
Longshoring industry: OSHA Safety and Health Standards Digest [USA]
This digest covers safety and health standards applying to the longshoring industry. Its main constituents are: 29 CFR Part 1917 - Safety and health regulations for marine terminals (marine terminal operations, cargo handling gear and equipment, specialised terminals, personal protection, terminal facilities, related terminal operations and equipment); and 29 CFR Part 1918 - Safety and health regulations for longshoring (general, gangways, gear certification, means of access, working surfaces, opening and closing hatches, cargo handling, general working conditions, personal protective equipment).
US Department of Labor, Occupational Safety and Health Administration, Washington, DC 20210, USA, Rev. ed., Sep. 1983. 256p.
Manual of occupational accident prevention for dockworkers in the port of Santos (State of São Paulo)
Manual de prevenção de acidentes do trabalho para trabalhadores avulsos do Porto de Santos - São Paulo [in Portuguese]
This manual, written and illustrated in a very simple way, is aimed at dockworkers in Brazil (in particular, at those working in the port of Santos). All aspects of safety in dock work are covered, including watching where you go, proper lifting and carrying, proper use of tools, wearing of safety gloves, cleaning work and knowledge of labels.
Fundacentro, C.P. 11484, CEP 05499 São Paulo, SP, Brazil, 1983. 39p. Illus.
An analysis of mooring accidents on the Polish Ocean Lines ships in 1975-80. Preventive recommendations
Out of about 1100 reports of accidents occurring on Polish Ocean Lines ships during 1975-1980, 95 were identified as mooring accidents. The effects of the accident, injured body parts, types of injury, immediate causes of injury, and tasks during which injury occurred were tabulated. The major cause of accidents was "bouncing" of the mooring line on the winch head (25.32% of all accidents); 48% of these injuries were the fault of the injured party. Being struck by a rope was the major cause of injury (64.21% of the cases). The most frequent site of injury was the feet and legs, with contusion being the most frequent injury. Most accidents occurred at the bow mooring station. Avoiding excessive haste in mooring operations, improving communication among crewmen, maintaining sobriety on board, using enough tugs and introducing improved equipment are suggested for reducing the frequency of mooring accidents.
Bulletin of the Institute of Maritime and Tropical Medicine in Gdynia, 1983, Vol.34, No.3-4, p.173-179. 11 ref.
Setting health standards for artificial lighting on seagoing, river and factory ships
Gigieničeskoe normirovanie iskusstvennogo osveščenija v pomeščenijah morskih, rečnyh i promyslovyh sudov [in Russian]
A review of the studies underlying the development of 2 USSR Ministry of Health standards (2109-79 and 2506-81) and a draft directive. Further government action was made necessary by the inadequate lighting levels and resulting visual defects which were possible under preexisting regulations.
Gigiena truda i professional'nye zabolevanija, May 1983, No.5, p.15-18. 11 ref.
Urner C.J., Staton A.B.
The ship's medicine chest
A shipboard medical system was developed which consists of the standardised medicine locker based on US Public Health Service recommendations, with outside supervision of contents by a registered and knowledgeable pharmacist, and training of users as part of a shipboard medical care course in conjunction with the availability of competent medical advice by radio. The system, which is designed for shipboard use, can be adapted to use in isolated environments such as off-shore oil rigs, forestry and construction sites.
National Safety News, Nov. 1983, Vol.128, No.5, p.38-44. 6 ref. Bibl.
Health and Safety Executive
Docks and maritime health and safety 1977-82
This report on 6 years of dock and marine work in the United Kingdom covers safety improvements, safety problems and accident analysis for: conventional cargo handling; container operations; roll-on roll-off operations; bulk hazardous cargoes; health hazards; marine activities. Detailed analysis of some of the 80 fatal accidents is given, with the role of alcohol consumption emphasised.
H.M. Stationery Office, 49 High Holborn, London WC1V 6HB, United Kingdom, 1983. 31p. Illus. Price: £3.60.
Harnett R.M., Pruitt J.R., Sias F.R.
A review of the literature concerning resuscitation from hypothermia: Part 1 - The problem and general approaches. Part 2 - Selected rewarming protocols
In addition to recreational boaters, some 300 merchant mariners and 240 commercial fishermen lose their lives annually as a result of accidental cold immersion. Part 1 summarises the debate between advocates of aggressive rewarming and those who favour more cautious approaches. Fluid shifts, oedema and electrolyte and acid-base changes are discussed. Part 2 reviews specific rewarming procedures: peritoneal irrigation, gastrointestinal rewarming, extracorporeal blood rewarming, airway rewarming, and diathermy. The advantages, risks and contraindications of each method are examined. All researchers and clinicians agree that effects of cold exposure are such that resuscitation efforts should always be continued at least until rewarming has been accomplished. The only adequate indication of death of a patient with subnormal temperature is the inability to resuscitate him.
Aviation, Space, and Environmental Medicine, May 1983, Vol.54, No.5, p.425-434, and June 1983, No.6, p.487-495. 153 ref.
Bianchi C., Brollo A., Bittesini L.
Asbestos-related diseases among sailors
Patologia da asbesto nei marittimi [in Italian]
This study (one of two papers receiving the 1982 Dr. L. Guida Prize) describes 6 cases of lung pathology due to asbestos exposure. In 4 cases the lesions were observed at autopsy. Four subjects had worked in the merchant navy (two firemen, an engine-room officer and a seaman who worked on dredges) and two had served in the navy. Three patients had malignant mesothelioma of the pleura and one had lung carcinoma. Hyaline plaques on the pleura were observed in three of the four autopsies. Asbestos bodies were found in the lung only after chemical digestion of the lung tissue. Previous studies have concentrated on the risk posed by asbestos in the shipbuilding industry; the present cases illustrate the health hazards faced by people working on board asbestos-containing vessels.
Atti della sezione studi, Centro internazionale radio-medicale, Via dell'Architettura 41, 00144 Roma, Italy, 1983, p.5-13. Illus. 15 ref.
Medical first aid guide for use in accidents involving dangerous goods (MFAG)
First aid guide used as a supplement to the International Medical Guide for Ships (IMGS, see CIS 95-590). It contains information on the diagnosis of poisoning, first aid, complications of poisoning (by type of toxic effect and by organ system), general toxic hazards and emergency treatment. In addition, there are detailed chemical tables (i.e. data sheets) with specific information on the signs and symptoms associated with poisoning by specific classes of substances, as well as on the appropriate treatment.
International Maritime Organization, London, United Kingdom, 1982. 148p. Illus. + Supplement 1984, 24p. Illus. Index.
Finnish National Board of Labour Protection
Finnish regulations concerning the working environment, crew accommodation, noise level and lighting on board ship
These are the translations into English of the full text of Finnish regulations relating to working conditions on board ships. They include: Cabinet decision No.417 of 11 June 1981, concerning the working environment on board ships (workspaces, machinery, appliances, protective equipment, instructions and other safety measures, lighting, heating, ventilation, noise, vibration, radiation, the navigation bridge, mooring appliances, passageways and work platforms, access to ships, stairs and ladders); decree No.518 of 17 June 1976 concerning crew accommodation on board ship; provisions of 27 Oct. 1977 for the highest permissible noise levels in crew accommodation on board ships; safety regulations No.40 of the Finnish Board of Labour Protection concerning lighting in crew accommodation areas.
Government Printing Centre, P.O. Box 516, 00101 Helsinki 10, Finland, 1982. 31p. Illus. Price: Fm.16.00.
Varenikov I.L., Markarjan S.S., Kubjak O.K., Korotkov Ju.A., Strunilin N.A.
New noise standard for seagoing vessels
Novye normy šuma na morskih sudah [in Russian]
The latest noise standard issued by the USSR Ministry of Health for application to seagoing vessels (SN No.2498-81) is based on a field study of 950 persons at sea, parallel measurements of the environmental noise to which they were exposed, examination of 800 mariners in a clinic for scheduled physical check-ups, and review of 3000 records. It prescribes maximum noise levels of 85dB(A) for machine rooms, 70dB(A) for holds and open decks, 65dB(A) for sound-insulated control rooms and 55dB(A) for such locations as the bridge and radio room. SN No.2498-81 offers much better protection of personnel than did its predecessor (SN No.416-52), and its basis in studies on the general medical well-being of mariners gives it an advantage over the "Code on Noise Levels on Ships" of the International Maritime Organization, which is based strictly on the effects of noise on hearing.
Gigiena truda i professional'nye zabolevanija, Dec. 1982, No.12, p.40-42. 17 ref.
Suicide among seamen
Merimiesten itsemurkat [in Finnish]
A statistical analysis of 117 cases of suicide by Finnish seamen between 1965 and 1977. Age, married status, work on ship, alcohol consumption and method of suicide were among the variables analysed. For crew members, the rate of suicide was 2.5 times higher than among the general population. The highest frequency was among crew members who were 25-34 years old, were unmarried, working on tankers and who changed ships frequently.
Työterveyslaitos, Julkaisutoimisto, Laajaniityntie 1, 01620 Vantaa 62, Finland, 1982. 60p. Illus. 40 ref. Price: Fmk.25.00.
Mundal R., Erikssen J., Rodahl K.
Latent ischemic heart disease in sea captains
A near maximal bicycle exercise test produced a pathological electrocardiogram in 10% of 110 apparently healthy sea captains, compared with 4.6% in a control group and 11.8% in sea pilots. A high caloric intake in relation to caloric expenditure, heavy smoking, and factors such as stress, irregular working hours, and varying climatic conditions are considered in explanation.
Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment and Health, Sep. 1982, Vol.8, No.3, p.178-184. 17 ref.
Investigation of noise levels and hearing loss in inland water transport occupations
Enquête sur les niveaux de bruit et les déficits auditifs dans les professions de la batellerie [in French]
Contents of this MD thesis: description and statistics of the French inland waterways fleet in 1982, notes on new vessels (self-propelled barges, push-tugs), freight, personnel employed. Results are given of 76 audiograms of workers performed in 1981, indicating incipient deafness, especially in young subjects. Measurements on board push-tugs indicate an almost continuous noise level above 80dB. Special medical supervision of these workers, including regular audiometry, is recommended.
Université de Paris V, Faculté de médecine Paris-Ouest, Paris, France, 1982, 54p. 10 ref.
Labour Inspectorate (Arbeidsinspectie)
Bromine - Safe handling in ports
Broom - Veilige behandeling in de haven [in Dutch]
Contents of this data sheet: physical and chemical properties; hazards (toxicity and health damage, symptoms, strongly oxidising effect); rules for transport and containers; declaration on docking and preparations for unloading; safety measures (tanks, cylinders, etc. containing bromine should be kept well away from any source of heat; testing for leakage and repair of leaks; fire fighting; prevention of poisoning incidents, use of respirators, storage of bromine in containers; slinging of cylinders and tanks; first aid in case of contact with skin or eyes, or inhalation); marking of containers.
Directoraat-Generaal van de Arbeid, Postbus 69, 2270 MA Voorburg, Netherlands, 2nd edition 1983. 10p. Price: Glds.0.50.
Inland navigation and occupational health care
Binnenvaart en bedrijfsgezondheidszorg [in Dutch]
Review of the problems met with by occupational health services to ensure the medical surveillance of the Rhine navigation personnel: freight statistics, Netherlands regulations governing the transport of dangerous goods, explosion protection on board barges, statistical aspects of inland navigation accidents, problems of exposure to toxic substances and noise, determination of harmful substances in the air of shipholds and urine monitoring of benzene-exposed crew members.
Tijdschrift voor sociale geneeskunde, 24 Nov. 1982, Vol.60, n°23, p.739-744. Illus.
Ministry for Commerce and Industry (Finland) (Handels- och industriministeriet)
Ordinance concerning tankships for chemicals and gases
Förordning om kemikalie- och gastankfartyg [in Swedish]
This Ordinance (effective 15 Apr. 1982) applies to tankers designed for the bulk transport of compressed gases and dangerous liquid chemicals (explosive, flammable, toxic, irritant, reactive or otherwise harmful substances). Contents: scope; exemptions (ships dependent on the Ministry of Defence or designed for the transport of chemicals in containers); definitions; tanker design; tanker equipment (fire protection, explosion-proof electrical equipment); inspection (acceptance tests and annual inspections); approval; approval certificates for foreign tankers; training of crew (handling of emergencies, use of protective equipment, sufficient number of first aid personnel); rules and instructions to be available on board; cargo data (including data on how to control spillages and leakages, to protect the skin and eyes, etc.); notification of port authorities before arrival.
Suomen asetuskokoelma - Finlands författningssamling, 26 Mar. 1982, No.244, p.534-536.
Labour Inspectorate (Arbeidsinspectie)
Carbon disulfide - safe handling in ports
Zwavelkoolstof - Veilige behandeling in de haven [in Dutch]
Contents of this data sheet: physical and chemical properties; hazards (fire and explosion hazards, toxicity and health damage, symptoms); rules for transport and containers; declaration on docking and preparations for unloading; safety measures (barrels and cylinders containing carbon disulfide should be kept away from any source of heat; detection and repair of leaks; fire fighting; prevention of poisoning by wearing respirators and taking certain precautions; storage and handling of carbon disulfide in barrels and cylinders; pipeline transfer; first aid in the event of contact with skin or eyes, or in cases of inhalation); marking of containers (danger symbols and warning notices).
Directoraat-Generaal van de Arbeid, Postbus 69, 2270 MA Voorburg, Netherlands, 2nd edition l982. 11p. Illus. Price Gld.0.50.
Labour Inspectorate (Arbeidsinspectie)
Methyl bromide - Safe handling in ports
Methylbromide - Veilige behandeling in de haven [in Dutch]
Contents of this data sheet: physical and chemical properties; hazards (toxicity and health damage, symptoms; rapid increase in pressure when heated); rules for transport and containers; declaration on docking and preparations for unloading; safety measures (tanks and cylinders containing methyl bromide should be kept away from any source of heat; detection and repair of leaks; fire precautions; compressed air respirators and other precautions to prevent poisoning; storage and handling of methyl bromide in tanks and cylinders; first aid in the event of contact with skin or eyes, or in cases of inhalation); marking of containers (danger symbols and warning notices).
Directoraat-Generaal van de Arbeid, Postbus 69, 2270 MA Voorburg, Netherlands, 1982. 11p. Illus. Price: Gld.0.50.
Labour Inspectorate (Arbeidsinspectie)
Hydrogen chloride - Safe handling in ports
Chloorwaterstof - Veilige behandeling in de haven [in Dutch]
Contents of this data sheet: physical and chemical properties; hazards (toxicity and health damage, symptoms, risk of leakage and overpressure if temperature increases rapidly); rules for transport and containers; declaration on docking and preparations for unloading; safety measures (tanks and cylinders containing hydrogen chloride under pressure should be kept well away from any source of heat); testing for leakage and repairing leaks; firefighting; prevention of poisoning (use of respirators); storage of hydrogen chloride under pressure; first aid in the event of contact with skin or eyes, or in cases of inhalation; marking of containers.
Directoraat-Generaal van de Arbeid, Postbus 69, 2270 MA Voorburg, Netherlands, 2nd edition, April 1982. 10p. Illus. Price: Glds.0.50.
Labour Inspectorate (Arbeidsinspectie)
Fluorine - Safe handling in ports
Fluor - Veilige behandeling in de haven [in Dutch]
Contents of this data sheet: physical and chemical properties; hazards (toxicity and health damage, symptoms, risk of leakage and overpressure if temperature increases rapidly); rules for transport and containers; declaration on docing and preparation for unloading; safety measures (tanks and cylinders containing fluorine should be kept well away from any source of heat; testing for leakage and repairing leaks; prevention of poisoning, use of respirators, storage of fluorine under pressure; slinging of cylinders; first aid in the event of contact with skin or eyes, or inhalation); marking of cylinders.
Directoraat-Generaal van de Arbeid, Postbus 69, 2270 MA Voorburg, Netherlands, 2nd edition 1982. 10p. Illus. Price: Glds.0.50.
Taylor H.D., Pucill P.M.
Problems of fire control on board ships
Aspects covered: changes in ships since World War II; dry cargo ships and tankers; engine room fires (most likely to lead to total loss of ship); automatic detection systems; extinguishing and suppression systems (sprinklers and water spray, foam, inert gas generators, stored gases, CO2); fire training and hazard analysis; arson.
Fire Prevention, July-Aug. 1982, No.151, p.15-21. Illus. 8 ref.
Occupational stress and illness incidence
The hospitalisation rates for 10 occupational stress-related illnesses were studied in 4 groups of 3 age-adjusted cohorts of naval workers divided into occupational classes in order to identify reasons for differences in health risks among occupations and career phases. The study covered an 11-year period and showed that hospital and catering workers had the highest health risk for stress-related illness during nearly all phases or decades of a naval career. High hospitalization rates were found among manufacturing, deck and engineering workers and low rates among electronics and clerical workers. Highest hospitalisation rates for stress-related disease were found in the highest-age cohort. Job stress scores were calculated, and high scores tended to be associated with increased illness.
Journal of Occupational Medicine, June 1982, Vol.24, No.6, p.445-451. 14 ref.
Dangerous goods classifying catalogue 1982: Amendments to the 1980 edition
Amendments to the second edition of this alphabetical catalogue of around 3,000 dangerous materials (see CIS 81-129), intended for those engaged in their importation and exportation via Israeli ports. The chief information provided on each substance is: classification by the Israel Ports Authority (class A: substances which must be delivered directly; class B: those which must be stored separately); Intergovernmental Maritime Consultative Organization (IMCO) classification; subclass (auxiliary classification of materials with several hazardous properties); page number of entry in the IMCO International Maritime Dangerous Goods Code; U.N. No. A letter code indicates: explosion or violent reaction hazard; protective clothing or breathing apparatus required. Information on decontamination and neutralisation of spills. Criteria for toxic materials. Explanatory notes in English and Hebrew. Amendments: Part 1: new warnings and special instructions. Index of names and symbols sorted alphabetically; Part 2: updated list of dangerous materials.
Israel Ports Authority, P.O. Box 20121, Tel-Aviv, Israel, 1982. 51p. Illus.
Act concerning hours of work on board inland navigation craft
Laki työajasta kotimaanliikenteen aluksissa [in Finnish]
Lag om arbetstiden på fartyg i inrikesfart [in Swedish]
This Act dated 26 Mar. 1982 (entry into force 1 May 1982) applies to salaried workers and lays down: ordinary hours of work (max. 8h/day and 40h/week); work-time organisation and shifting of working hours; exemptions; emergency hours; hours worked overtime (max. 16h/week, not more than 14h/day); daily rest periods (workbreak of at least 20min/6h); weekly rest (at least 30h); compensation for hours worked overtime (cash, time off); work on holidays; relief-crew system; work-time schedule. CIS has only the Swedish-language version.
Suomen asetuskokoelma - Finlands författningssamling, 2 Apr. 1982, No.248, p.563-568. Internet: http://www.finlex.fi/linkit/sd/19820248 (Finnish); http://www.finlex.fi/linkit/fs/19820248 (Swedish)
Viljanen V., Lindström L.
Exposure of seafarers to electromagnetic radiation
Merenkulkijoiden altistuminen sähkömagneettiselle säteilylle [in Finnish]
This report gives details of levels of exposure to electromagnetic radiation on merchant ships emitted by radar equipment, radio devices and microwave ovens; seafarer exposure occurs on the outer decks, in the radio cabin, on the bridge, in the galley and, in a few cases, in the engine room. Exposure duration varies considerably depending on weather conditions and the duties of individual crew members; however, the longest daily exposures do not exceed a few hours. Unnecessary exposure to electromagnetic radiation can be avoided by modification of radar antenna adjustments, proper maintenance of equipment, occupational safety training of operators, prohibition of unnecessary access to the most critical hazard zones (such as the immediate vicinity of the antannae) and by keeping the protective covers over the transmission units.
Työterveyslaitos, Laajaniityntie 1, 01620 Vantaa 62, Finland, 1982. 36p. Illus. 23 ref. Price: Fmk.10.00.
Act of 21 July 1982 ratifying the ILO Convention of 25 June 1979 concerning safety and health in dock work
Gesetz zu dem Übereinkommen Nr.152 der Internationalen Arbeitsorganisation vom 25 Juni 1979 über den Arbeitsschutz bei der Hafenarbeit (vom 21. Juli 1982) [in German]
This Act ratifies, in the name of the Federal German Government, ILO Convention No.152, adopted by the International Labour Conference in Geneva, 25 June 1979. The full text of the Convention is printed in the Schedule to the Act.
Bundesarbeitsblatt, Oct. 1982, No.10, p.85-90.
Labour Inspectorate, Directorate-General of Labour (Arbeidsinspectie, Directoraat-Generaal van de Arbeid)
Hydrogen sulfide - Safe handling in ports
Zwavelwaterstof - Veilige behandeling in de haven [in Dutch]
Contents of this data sheet: physical and chemical properties; hazards (toxicity and health damage, symptoms, risk of leakage, fire and overpressure if temperature increases rapidly); rules for transport and containers; declaration on docking and preparations for unloading; safety measures (tanks, cylinders, etc. containing hydrogen sulfide under pressure should be kept well away from any source of heat); testing for leakage and repairing leaks; prevention of poisoning incidents, use of respirators, storage of hydrogen sulfide under pressure; slinging of cylinders; first aid in case of contact with skin or eyes, or inhalation); marking of containers.
Postbus 69, 2270 MA Voorburg, Netherlands, 2nd edition 1982. 10p. Price: Glds.0.50.
Labour Inspectorate, Directorate-General of Labour (Arbeidsinspectie, Directoraat-Generaal van de Arbeid)
Sulfur dioxide - Safe handling in ports
Zwaveldioxide - Veilige behandeling in de haven [in Dutch]
Contents of this data sheet: physical and chemical properties; hazards (toxicity and health damage, symptoms, risk of leakage and overpressure if temperature increases rapidly); rules for transport and containers; declaration on docking and preparations for unloading; safety measures (tanks, cylinders, etc. containing sulfur dioxide under pressure should be kept well away from any source of heat); testing for leakage and repairing leaks; prevention of poisoning incidents, use of respirators, storage of sulfur dioxide under pressure; slinging of cylinders; first aid in case of contact with skin or eyes, or inhalation); marking of containers.
Postbus 69, 2270 MA Voorburg, Netherlands, 2nd edition 1982. 10p. Price: Glds.0.50.
Van Gorcum H.J.
Poisoning by carbon monoxide from the incomplete combustion products in exhaust gases
Koolmonoxydevergiftiging door onvoldoende verbranding uitlaatgassen [in Dutch]
Case of carbon monoxide poisoning in the driver of a forklift truck powered by LPG, after 30-45min work in a poorly ventilated ship's hold (2.25 x 2.25m hatchway at one end of the hold). The LPG truck, which was being used as a replacement for a defective electric truck, was fitted with an afterburning device of poor reliability; the CO content of the exhaust gases was 10-25% higher than that specified by the importer of the device, both with the motor idling and under load. Lessons to be drawn from the accident: need for good maintenance and correct tuning of the fuel supply and ignition; need to keep CO concentration below 50ppm.
De veiligheid, Jan. 1982, Vol.58, No.1, p.21-22. Illus.
Netherlands Ministry of Social Affairs (Ministerie van Sociale Zaken)
Inspectorate of Dock Labour - Annual report for 1980
Inspectie van de Havenarbeid - Jaarverslag over 1980 [in Dutch]
General survey of the organisation and activities of the Netherlands Inspectorate of Dock Labour, with particular reference to the enforcement and administration of the safety and health regulations, safety campaigns and vocational training. A chapter is devoted to examples of occupational accidents and their causes (descriptions of accidents involving unsafe use of web slings, crushing of a worker, unloading of automobiles and copra, hoisting appliances, fork lift trucks, use of fork lift trucks for transport of persons, stacking, dangerous substances, falling objects, falls of persons, oxygen deficiency).
Arbeidsinspectie, Directoraat-Generaal van de Arbeid, Postbus 69, 2270 MA Voorburg, Netherlands, Feb. 1982. 53p.
Accident prevention on board ship at sea and in port. Code of practice
Predupreždenie nesčastnyh slučaev na sudne v more i v portu [in Russian]
Russian version of the code of practice drawn up by a meeting of 9 international experts, convened by the ILO at Geneva in 1977 and attended by representatives of WHO, IMCO, the EEC and the WFTU (see CIS 78-1444). Contents: duties and responsibilities of employers, masters, officers and ratings, housekeeping, protective equipment, training in the use of internationally agreed life-saving appliances; manual lifting and carrying loads; safe access to ship; use and upkeep of ropes, slings and chains; anchoring and mooring operations; work on deck or under deck spaces; work in boiler and machinery spaces; electrical equipment; catering services; safety in living accommodation; life-saving; fire precautions and fire fighting appliances; tankers and combination carriers; other special types of ship; medical aid; personal hygiene and protection. Appendices: contents of ship's medicine chest; artificial respiration and resuscitation.
ILO Publications, International Labour Office, 1211 Genève 22, Switzerland, 1981. 151p. Illus. Index. Price: RUB 1.63.
Safety and health in dock work. Code of practice
Tehnika bezopasnosti i gigiena truda na portovyh rabotah [in Russian]
This code takes account of developments in dock work during the two decades since the first 1958 edition (e.g. freight containers, "Ro-Ro" system, sophisticated lifting and loading equipment in new ocean terminals). It is intended for use both in conventional and modern dock facilities. Contents: definitions; lighting, hand tools, fire protection; access to ships and holds; lifting appliances and other cargo-handling appliances; mobile cranes; ship's cargo pulley blocks; ship's derricks; winches; wire rope; man-made and natural fibre rope; pulley blocks for fibre ropes; ship's cargo lifts; movement of vehicles on board ship; freight container terminals (access, etc.); vacuum lifting devices; magnetic lifting devices; fork-lift trucks; loose gear; flat belt slings; stacking and storage; warehouses; dock railways; dangerous substances and environments; personal protective equipment; medical aid; occupational health services; personal facilities; selection and training of dockworkers; safety and health organization; reporting and investigation of occupational accidents and diseases. In appendices: testing and inspection of lifting appliances and loose gear; test loading; factor of safety; steel quality grade mark; heat treatment of wrought iron; marking of single-sheave blocks.
International Labour Office, 1211 Genève 22, Switzerland, rev.ed., 1981. 172p. Illus. Index.
Health significance of infrasound in industry
Gigieničeskaja značimost' infrazvuka na proizvodstve [in Russian]
Workplace levels of infrasound to which workers were exposed were determined with commercial sound measuring and analysis equipment. Infrasound was taken to be the difference between dB readings on the linear and A scales of the meters. Factory workers were found to be exposed to 78-90dB of total sound (linear scale), drivers of various vehicles to 97-110dB, railway workers to 78-97dB, river transport workers to 75-99dB, and harbour workers to 79-91dB. The various trades represented differ in the spectra of sound and infrasound to which they are subjected. Operators of automobiles and watercraft had the highest exposures to infrasound: the differences between the scale readings were 33 and 40dB, respectively.
Gigiena i sanitarija, Dec. 1981, No.12, p.19-21. Illus. 4 ref.
Tymański S., Zaborski L., Matuszewski J., Maryn J.
Engine room staff and exposure to thermal radiation on ships
Assessment of the degree to which engine room workers on board ship were exposed to infrared radiation. Tests were made to determine the spatial distribution of infrared irradiation in the working zone, and the temperature of the air and the surfaces of the radiation sources were measured. From the data collected, it was possible to assess the thermal stress to which engine room workers are exposed in both permanent and temporary jobs.
Bulletin of the Institute of Maritime and Tropical Medicine in Gdynia, 1981, Vol.32, No.1-2, p.87-92. Illus. 6 ref.
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