Water transportation - 485 entries found
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Health care for seafarers in Indonesia
It is estimated that there are approximately 70,000 seafarers in Indonesia. In 1998, the Indonesian government appointed the Maritime Occupational Office (MOH) as the authorized office to issue health certificates for maritime workers. The MOH also organizes health care and health education, and conducts environmental assessments at maritime workplaces. In 1999, the government issued a decree on medical standards which referred to the ILO/WHO guidelines for conducting pre-sea and periodic medical fitness examinations for seafarers. The article describes the current approach to the medical examination of seafarers and suggests a few areas for possible improvement.
International Maritime Health, 2000, Vol. 51, No.1/4, p.92-95.
Nielsen D., Hansen H.L., Gardner B.M., Jungnickel D.
Deaths due to disease of seafarers on board Singapore ships
373 deaths occurred on board Singapore ships between 1986 and 1995. The mean annual mortality rate for deaths due to all causes was 26.5 and due to disease was 4.9 per 10,000 seafarers (69 cases) respectively. More than 65% (n=45) of the deaths were from circulatory diseases commonly associated with life-style factors, but only 24 cases had a specific and 9 cases had an unspecific diagnosis confirmed by a medical practitioner. 32 seafarers died of a sudden death whereas 17 seafarers died on board after a short illness. In only two cases was it reported that Radio Medical advice had been sought indicating either a lack of concern of the ship's management or a lack of knowledge or information on the availability of such services. Eight of the seafarers who died on board had seen a doctor and been declared fit to stay on board, pointing to deficiencies in the port medical services or pressures on port doctors to avoid a costly repatriation.
International Maritime Health, 2000, Vol. 51, No.1/4, p.20-29. 16 ref.
Act of 9 Nov. 2000 on maritime safety [Poland]
Ustawa z dnia 9 listopada 2000 r. o bezpieczeństwie morskim [in Polish]
This law concerns occupational safety in shipbuilding and the operation of ship machinery and equipment. It defines minimum qualifications of personnel at sea, requirements for the composition of crew, and standards for safe navigation and rescue at sea.
Dziennik Ustaw, 13 Dec. 2000, No.109, p.6149-6164.
http://www.abc.com.pl/serwis/du/2000/1156.htm [in Polish]
Road, rail and water transport of dangerous materials and goods
Veszélyes anyagok és tárgyak közúti / vasúti / vízi szállítása [in Hungarian]
Survey of the written guidance offered to transporters in North America concerning the prevention of major hazards during the surface transport of dangerous goods and materials.
Munkavédelem és Biztonságtechnika, 2000, Vol.12, No.4, p.17-22. Illus. 1 ref.
Health and Safety Executive
Safe working on top of containers on board ship
This information note gives practical guidance to working safely on the top of containers on ships. As the use of freight containers for transporting cargo at sea has grown, larger ships have been introduced which carry containers not only in holds but stacked on the deck. A fall from a stack can result in serious injury or death. Main topics covered: legal requirements, safe working methods; fall prevention systems; adverse weather conditions; training and instruction; construction, maintenance and use of access and safety equipment.
HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 2WA, United Kingdom, May 2000. 4p. Illus. 14 ref.
A guide to selection, use and maintenance of personal protective equipment for cargo handling operations in ports
These guidelines are aimed at employers of dock workers and operators of hazardous installations in ports. They provide recommendations to the selection of appropriate personal protective equipment for dock workers engaged in cargo handling operations. Main topics covered: head protection; eye and face protection; hand protection; foot and leg protection; respiratory protection; body protection (aprons and coveralls; safety belts and harnesses); testing of personal protective equipment. A table of the various cargoes, the hazards involved and the recommended type of personal protective equipment is provided.
Government of India, Ministry of Labour, Dock Safety Division, Directorate General Factory Advice Service and Labour Institutes, Mumbai 400 022, India, 2000. 26p. Illus. 7 ref.
Alexander J., Compton M., Wubbeling J.
Container top safety - Lashing and other related matters
This report addresses the important issue of safe working on top of containers. It updates and completes the information provided in an earlier edition published in 1989 (see CIS 91-1707). It extends the scope to include problems associated with lashing and several other issues associated with work on tops of containers. Contents: international and national legal requirements and guidance; container securing systems; means of access to the tops of containers; container top working; future; conclusions; recommendations. Appendices include several guidance documents and safety codes published by third parties, as well as a summary of the findings of a survey undertaken in 1998 on container top safety.
International Cargo Handling Co-ordination Association (ICHCA), 71 Broadway, London SW8 1SH, United Kingdom, May 1999. 132p. Illus. 22 ref.
Drug and alcohol abuse prevention programmes in the maritime industry - A manual for planners
The objective of this manual is to contribute to the reduction of health and safety problems related to the use of drugs and alcohol in the maritime industry through the promotion of awareness and information. It provides the background and practical information necessary to develop, implement and evaluate comprehensive prevention programmes. Contents: drugs and alcohol in the workplace; drugs and alcohol in the maritime industry; responsibilities; comprehensive substance abuse prevention programme. Appendices include sample workplace drug and alcohol policies together with ILO and WHO guidelines on drug and alcohol testing and screening examinations for seafarers.
ILO Publications, International Labour Office, 1211 Genève 22, Switzerland, 1999. 65p. Illus.
Safety, Health and Welfare at Work (Fishing Vessels) Regulations, 1999 [Ireland]
These Regulations were introduced under the authority of the Safety, Health and Welfare at Work Act, 1989 (see CIS 02-1504), and they transpose into Irish legislation the provisions of Directive 93/103/EEC (CIS 94-759). They provide for the minimum health and safety requirements applicable to work on fishing vessels, and set out the duties of owners in this regard, including duties related to information, training, instruction and consultation of workers. Schedules: requirements for new and for existing fishing vessels; requirements for life-saving and survival equipment; requirements concerning personal protective equipment.
Government Publications Sale Office, Sun Alliance House, Molesworth Street, Dublin 2, Ireland, 1999. 27p. Price: EUR 6.09.
http://www.irishstatutebook.ie/ZZSI325Y1999.html [in English]
http://184.108.40.206/ZZSI325Y1999.html [in English]
Patel A., Wickramatillake H.
Analysis of injuries and diseases among Australian seafarers
The aim of this retrospective study was to examine and analyse the morbidity pattern of Australian merchant seafarers between 1986 and 1996 in comparison with those patterns demonstrated in European studies and with the general Australian population for the years 1989 and 1995. Australian merchant seafarers had more injuries in 1995 than the general population with a Morbidity Ratio (MR) of 1.3 but had a lower disease incidence. There were also relatively high rates of respiratory, digestive and musculoskeletal system diseases, similar to those demonstrated in European studies. These rates could be due to the lifestyle on board and/or the work performed.
Journal of Occupational Health and Safety - Australia and New Zealand, Feb. 1999, Vol.15, No.1, p.79-86. Illus. 24 ref.
Royal Decree 258/1999, of 12 February, defining the minimum prescriptions to be followed in the area of health protection and medical assistance in favour of sailors [Spain]
Real Decreto 258/1999, de 12 de febrero, por el que se establecen condiciones mínimas sobre la protección de la salud y la asistencia médica de los trabajadores del mar [España] [in Spanish]
This Decree transposes into national legislation the provisions of the Council Directive 92/29/EEC of 31 March 1992, aimed at promoting better medical assistance on board vessels (CIS 94-755).
Boletín Oficial del Estado, 24 Feb. 1999, No.47, p.7614-7680. Illus.
http://www.mtas.es/insht/legislation/RD/RD258mar.htm [in Spanish]
Work-related fatal injuries as a result of fishing and maritime activities in Australia, 1989 to 1992
This report examined the fatalities from fishing and maritime activities in Australia between 1989 and 1992. 93 deaths were recorded, of which 55 among workers employed in the fishing industry, 36 among workers of other industries and two among volunteers. The most frequent factors leading to the accidents are analysed. They include the capsizing of vessels in rough weather, crew members not wearing a personal floatation device and falling or being dragged overboard after being entangled in ropes or nets, and carbon monoxide entering the divers' air hose. The report highlights certain specific areas of deficiency, in particular in the presence and use of safety equipment, information and safety consciousness, training and qualifications of workers and the training in hazard evaluation of the various tasks undertaken.
National Occupational Health and Safety Commission (NOHSC), GPO Box 58, Sydney NSW 2001, Australia, June 1999. viii, 32p. Illus. 7 ref.
Howarth H.D., Pratt J.H., Tepas D.I.
Do maritime crew members have sleep disturbances?
Data obtained from surveys of two samples of maritime crew members were studied for differences in self-reported sleep lengths and sleep problems. The data addressed both on- and off-duty variables. Statistical analysis of the data found that on-duty sleep length was shorter than off-duty sleep length for both groups. The two groups' responses to various sleep-problem items were significantly different. Most responses were below the scale mid-point. The differences between on- and off-duty sleep-problem items were not significant. Following a factor analysis, selected sleep-problem items were combined to form a composite Sleep Disturbance Scale. Using this composite measure, the correlation between the composite and sleep length was not significant. Overall, the results indicate that caution should be exercised before labeling shift workers as having "disturbed sleep" or suffering from "sleep disorders." The results do confirm the previous findings that shiftwork reduces sleep length on workdays.
International Journal of Occupational and Environmental Health, Apr.-June 1999, Vol.5, No.2, p.95-100. Illus. 16 ref.
Deaths at sea - A study of fatalities on board Hong Kong-registered merchant ships (1986-95)
Seafaring has long been recognized as one of the more dangerous occupations as it presents workplace hazards in a combination unknown in other occupations. Most studies on occupational hazards of seafarers have concentrated on nationally manned fleets operated out of Northern Europe. Recent studies on supply and demand of seafarers have highlighted the fact that international shipping is predominantly relying on internationally manned ships. This study examines the records of the Hong Kong Marine Department and presents an analysis of work-related fatalities in an internationally manned fleet. In a 10-year period, 123 deaths were recorded. The victims came from 13 different countries, with Hong Kong-resident seafarers forming only the fourth largest group. The biggest number of deaths was attributed to maritime disasters, followed by deaths due to illnesses, of which the biggest share was due to heart-related diseases. The third biggest cause of non-natural deaths was occupational accident. A review of the occupational accidents identified that personnel in deck occupations constituted the biggest group.
Safety Science, July-Aug. 1999, Vol.32, No.2-3, p.121-141. Illus. 31 ref.
Safety at sea: Policies, regulations and international law
Politiques et droit de la sécurité maritime [in French]
This reference book provides a comprehensive overview of technical and legal regulations for the prevention of accidents at sea. There are three parts: I. Sources of safety standards: the International Maritime Organization (IMO), intergovernmental organizations, maritime industry organizations, classification societies, international, national and unilateral regulations; II. Marine safety regulations: construction and equipment of merchant ships, safety of passenger ships, bulk carriers, oil tankers, cargo and dangerous goods, the human element and safety management, ship operation and manning standards, aids to navigation, rules of navigation, communication at sea; III. Control of safety: Flag State control, control procedures and methods, substandard ships, action against substandard shipping, Port State control, maritime traffic management, right of intervention, the quest for safer shipping.
Bureau Veritas, 21/23 rue des Ardennes, 75019 Paris 19, France, 1999. 536p. Illus. Bibl.ref.
Lange J., Kessel G., Groth J., Stehrenberg B.
Bundesanstalt für Arbeitsschutz und Arbeitsmedizin
Safety and health aspects of container handling in ports
Sicherheits- und Gesundheitsschutzaspekte beim Containerumschlag im Hafenbereich [in German]
Topics: container handling; dock work; Germany; hazard evaluation; occupational safety and health; risk factors; role of management; role of supervisory staff; work organization; workers participation.
Wirtschaftsverlag NW, Postfach 10 11 10, 27511 Bremerhaven, Germany, 1998. xiv, 310p. Illus. 127 ref.
Hansen H.L., Jensen J.
Female seafarers adopt the high risk lifestyle of male seafarers
To study the mortality of women in an occupation known to have a high mortality among men, 6,788 female seafarers of all job categories who had been employed on Danish merchant ships, passenger ships, and privately owned ferries between 1986 and 1993, were followed up until the end of 1993. The overall standardized mortality ratio (SMR) was 1.20 for all causes of death and job categories. For women in traditionally male jobs, SMR was 2.82, whereas galley and catering staff had SMRs close to the general female population. Among women in traditional male jobs, there is a high mortality from accidents, including occupational accidents. In the whole cohort, there were fewer deaths from natural causes than expected but an excess risk of death due to lung cancer, heart diseases, and non-natural deaths such as fatal accidents and suicide. An excess risk of lung cancer and heart diseases probably reflects high tobacco consumption. Female seafarers probably also adopt a high-risk lifestyle.
Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Jan. 1998, Vol.55, No.1, p.49-51. 19 ref.
Malaria in seafarers - 2. The status of malaria in large ports of the world. Protective measures against malaria in crews of ships
In 1997, information was collected in collaboration with the World Health Organization (WHO) on the status of malaria in large ports of Africa, Asia, and America, the level of endemicity, prevailing Plasmodium species and resistance to antimalarial drugs. Factors determining the risk of infection in seafarers are discussed. The risk for seafarers is different than for other groups of travellers. The strategy of malaria prevention in ship crews should be based on balancing the risk of infection in the visited parts of the tropics with the risk of side effects of antimalarials used for prophylaxis. Five schemes based on different combinations of chemoprophylactic drugs and stand-by treatment for malaria prevention in seafarers are recommended, depending on the geographical areas of the ship's voyage. See also CIS 99-2065. Topics: quinine; chloroquine; pyrimethamine; diagnosis; drugs; endemic diseases; harbours; hazard evaluation; infection control; information of personnel; insecticides; malaria; prophylaxis; sea transport; tropical diseases.
Bulletin of the Institute of Maritime and Tropical Medicine in Gdynia, 1998, Vol.XLIX, No.1/4, p.63-71. 9 ref.
Malaria in seafarers - 1. The magnitude of the problem and the strategy of its control
Malaria infections among seafarers have been regularly reported from Denmark, Germany, France, Belgium, Italy, Poland, The Netherlands, United Kingdom and other countries. No statistics are available on malaria infections among crews of ships flying "flags of convenience". The estimated number of malaria cases in international seafarers may be between 500 and 1,000 each year, some of which are fatal. In the strategy of malaria prevention in this occupational group, the most important objective is to prevent death caused by severe Plasmodium falciparum infections in which clinical manifestations occur during a ship's voyage, and where diagnosis and treatment are delayed. Protective measures against malaria on ships and the benefits, risks and limitations of chemoprophylaxis are discussed. See also CIS 99-2066. Topics: dimethyl phthalate; diethyltoluamide; drugs; endemic diseases; infection control; information of personnel; malaria; prophylaxis; risk awareness; sea transport; tropical diseases.
Bulletin of the Institute of Maritime and Tropical Medicine in Gdynia, 1998, Vol.XLIX, No.1/4, p.53-61. 14 ref.
Signalling - Safe harbour - Harbour of the future
Sinalização - Porto seguro - Porto de futuro [in Portuguese]
Topics: dock work; hand signalling; harbours; hazard identification; occupational safety; optical signalling; Portugal; safety guides; training material; visibility at night.
Instituto do Trabalho Portuário, Cais do Sodré, Edificio Junto ao Terminal Transtejo, 1200 Lisboa, Portugal, [c1998]. 6p. Illus.
Fork-lift trucks - Safe harbour - Harbour of the future
Empilhadores - Porto seguro - Porto de futuro [in Portuguese]
Topics: dock work; fork-lift trucks; harbours; hazard identification; lifting of loads; occupational safety; Portugal; safety guides; training material.
Instituto do Trabalho Portuário, Cais do Sodré, Edificio Junto ao Terminal Transtejo, 1200 Lisboa, Portugal, [c1998]. 6p. Illus.
Safety - Safe harbour - Harbour of the future
Segurança - Porto seguro - Porto de futuro [in Portuguese]
Topics: dock work; falls on the level; harbours; hazard identification; manual lifting; occupational safety; personal protective equipment; Portugal; safety guides; training material.
Instituto do Trabalho Portuário, Cais do Sodré, Edificio Junto ao Terminal Transtejo, 1200 Lisboa, Portugal, [c1998]. 6p. Illus.
Commission Directive 98/42/EC of 19 June 1998 amending Directive 95/21/EC concerning the enforcement ... of international standards for ship safety, pollution prevention and shipboard living and working conditions [European Communities]
Directive 98/42/CE du 19 juin 1998 modifiant la Dir. 95/21/CE concernant l'application aux navires ... des normes relatives à la sécurité maritime, à la prévention de la pollution et aux conditions de vie et de travail à bord des navires [Communautés européennes] [in French]
This Directive concerns the enforcement, in respect of shipping using Community ports and sailing in waters under the jurisdiction of the Member States, of relevant international standards. For Council Directive 95/21/EC see CIS 95-1561. Topics: approval; conditions of work; dangerous substances; directive; European Communities; fire prevention; labour inspection; qualifications; role of labour inspection; sea transport; ships.
Journal officiel des Communautés européennes - Official Journal of the European Communities, 27 June 1998, No.L 184, p.40-46.
Maritime and Coastguard Agency
Dangerous goods in cargo transport units - Packing and carriage for transport by sea
Topics: bulk liquid containers; bulk solids storage; dangerous substances; enforcement; international agreements; labelling; legislation; loading and unloading; packing, filling; responsibilities; road transport; sea transport; storage tanks; supply of information; transport containers; transport of materials; United Kingdom; warning notices.
HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 6FS, United Kingdom, 2nd ed., 1998. iv, 44p. Illus. 57 ref. Price: GBP 10.00.
Council Directive 98/55/EC of 17 July 1998 amending Directive 93/75/EEC concerning minimum requirements for vessels bound for or leaving Community ports and carrying dangerous or polluting goods [European Communities]
Directive 98/55/CE du Conseil, du 17 juillet 1998, modifiant la Direct.93/75/CEE relative aux conditions minimales exigées pour les navires à destination des ports maritimes de la Communauté ou en sortant et transportant des marchandises dangereuses ou polluantes [Communautés européennes] [in French]
This Directive amends Directive 93/75/EEC concerning the same subject (CIS 96-406). Topics: dangerous substances; directive; European Communities; harbours; notification of dangerous substances; responsibilities of employers; sea transport; toxic substances.
Official Journal of the European Communities - Journal officiel des Communautés européennes, 1 Aug. 1998, Vol.41, No.L 215, p.65-70.
Seafarer fatigue: Wake up to the dangers
Topics: dangerous occurrences; fatigue; hours of work; relaxed vigilance; responsibilities of employers; sea transport; survey; work-rest schedules.
International Transport Workers' Federation, ITF House, 49-60 Borough Road, London SE1 1DS, United Kingdom, 1998. 20p. Illus.
Health and Safety Executive
Health hazards from dusty cargoes during the loading and unloading of ships
Topics: data sheet; dock work; dust control; grain dust; hazard evaluation; information of personnel; legislation; limitation of exposure; loading and unloading; medical supervision; permissible levels; respirable dust; respirators; United Kingdom.
HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 6FS, United Kingdom, Apr. 1998. 4p. 17 ref.
Guidelines for conducting pre-sea and periodic medical fitness examinations for seafarers
These Guidelines are intended for use by competent authorities, medical examiners, shipowners, seafarers' representatives and others concerned with the conduct of medical fitness examinations of seafarer candidates and serving seafarers. They have been developed to reduce wide differences in medical requirements and examination procedures and to ensure that medical certificates that are issued to seafarers are a valid indicator of their medical fitness for the work they will perform. Contents: relevant standards and guidance from the ILO, the International Maritime Organization (IMO) and the World Health Organization (WHO); purpose and content of the medical certificate; right of privacy; qualifications of medical examiners; and appeals procedures.
Sectoral Activities Department, International Labour Office, 1211 Genève 22, Switzerland, 1997. 5p
http://www.ilo.org/public/english/dialogue/sector/techmeet/ilowho97/index.htm [in English]
International Labour Office
Guide to safety and health in dock work
Korean version of the guide analysed under CIS 79-309. This guide is a collection of explanatory material supplementing the code of practice on safety and health in dock work prepared by a meeting of experts in 1956 on the initiative of the International Labour Office. Contents: general (housekeeping, lighting, ventilation, machinery, etc.); wharfs and quays; means of access to ships; transport of dockers by water; protection of hatchways; access to holds; decks; loading and unloading machinery and gear; loading and unloading operations; lifting, carrying and piling; warehouses and storage depots; dangerous substances and environments; personal protective equipment; medical aid and rescue; personnel facilities; selection and training of dock workers; packaging; nuclear merchant vessels.
Korean Industrial Safety Corporation, 34-4 Gusandong Bupyong-ku, Inchon 403-711, Republic of Korea, 1997. 249p. Illus.
Maritime Safety Act [Estonia]
Meresäiduohutuse seadus [in Estonian]
Contents of this Law (entry into force: 1 Jan. 1998): mechanisms for safety at sea; obligations in safety matters of those who design and build ships, and of naval experts, ship-owners, masters and others involved in shipping; maritime incidents (definition, obligations of masters, reports, investigations); notification of dangers to shipping; obligation of the master to provide rescue; maritime inspection services.
Estonian Legislation in Translation, Dec. 1998, No.24, p.3-47.
http://seadus.ibs.ee/tekstid/rk.s.19971217.266.19980101.html. [in Estonian]
United Nations Economic Commission for Europe
European provisions concerning the international carriage of dangerous goods by inland waterway (ADN)
Topics: bulk liquid containers; corrosive substances; dangerous substances; directive; earthing; electricity; European Communities; harmful substances; hazard identification; inland water transport; international agreements; loading and unloading; major hazards; tankers; transport of materials; UN.
United Nations Publications Sales, 1221 Genève 10, Switzerland, 1997. x, 350p. Illus.
Piniella Corbacho F.
Analysis of instruments for monitoring the safety of ships: the regional case in Europe (1982-1996)
Análisis de los instrumentos para el control de la seguridad del buque: casuística regional en el espacio europeo (1982-1996) [in Spanish]
Topics: comment on law; European Communities; inspection; international agreements; legislation; safety rules; sea transport; ships.
Mapfre seguridad, 1st Quarter 1997, No.65, p.23-33. Illus. 10 ref.
Tomaszunas S., Węławik Z.
Accidents and injuries in Polish seafarers
Topics: accident absenteeism; age-linked differences; contusion; drowning; falls of persons; fatalities; fractures; frequency rates; injuries; location of injury; occupational accidents; Poland; sea transport; severity rates; striking against objects; survey; types of accident.
Bulletin of the Institute of Maritime and Tropical Medicine in Gdynia, 1997, Vol.XLVIII, No.1/4, p.59-73. Illus. 14 ref.
Tomaszunas S., Renke W., Filikowski J., Rzepiak M., Zaborski L.
Diseases and work-related injuries in Polish seafarers and conditions of their work on foreign-flag ships
Topics: accident absenteeism; conditions of work; injuries; morbidity; occupational accidents; Poland; questionnaire survey; sea transport; sickness absenteeism; welfare facilities.
Bulletin of the Institute of Maritime and Tropical Medicine in Gdynia, 1997, Vol.XLVIII, No.1/4, p.49-58. 2 ref.
Cervical and back pain syndrome in port workers
Topics: back disorders; backache; cervical column; dock work; epidemiologic study; materials handling; neck disorders; physical workload; Poland; sickness absenteeism.
Bulletin of the Institute of Maritime and Tropical Medicine in Gdynia, 1997, Vol.XLVIII, No.1/4, p.41-48. 19 ref.
Jaremin B., Kotulak E., Starnawska M.
Comparative study of the death during sea voyages among Polish seamen and deep-sea and boat fishermen
Topics: cardiovascular diseases; coastal fishing; comparative study; deep-sea fishing; drowning; fatalities; fishing; injuries; mortality; occupational accidents; poisoning; Poland; sea transport; suicide.
Bulletin of the Institute of Maritime and Tropical Medicine in Gdynia, 1997, Vol.XLVIII, No.1/4, p.5-22. Illus. 32 ref.
Jaremin B., Kotulak E., Starnawska M., Mroziński W., Wojciechowski E.
Death at sea: Certain factors responsible for occupational hazard in Polish seamen and deep-sea fishermen
Topics: cardiovascular diseases; causes of accidents; deep-sea fishing; fatalities; fishing; frequency rates; mortality; occupational accidents; Poland; sea transport; survey; time of accident.
International Journal of Occupational Medicine and Environmental Health, 1997, Vol.10, No.4, p.405-416. Illus. 22 ref.
Department of Labor - Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA)
Longshoring and Marine Terminals: Final Rule [USA]
Topics: access to workplaces; approval; compliance tests; conveyors; dangerous work; dock work; face and eye protection; first-aid and rescue organization; guy ropes; head protection; industrial trucks; inspection; law; lifting equipment; lifting of loads; load carriage; loading and unloading equipment; personal protective equipment; safety and health organization; ships; transport containers; USA; ventilation; vocational training.
Federal Register, 25 July 1997, Vol.62, No.143, p.40142-40234.
Royal Decree 1621/1997 approving Regulations on the enforcement of international standards relating to safety at sea, pollution control, and living and working conditions on foreign ships using ports or installations situated in Spanish waters [Spain]
Real Decreto 1621/1997 por el que se aprueba el Reglamento para el control del cumplimiento de la normativa internacional sobre seguridad marítima, prevención de la contaminación y condiciones de vida y trabajo en los buques extranjeros que utilicen puertos o instalaciones situadas en aguas jurisdiccionales españolas [España] [in Spanish]
This Royal Decree (entry into force 5 Nov. 1997) implements the requirements of Directives 95/21/EC and 96/40/EC relating to safety at sea, pollution control and living and working conditions on board ships (CIS 95-1561). Topics: conditions of work; infectious diseases; inspection records; labour inspection; law; role of labour inspection; sea transport; ships; Spain.
Boletín Oficial del Estado, 4 Nov. 1997, No.264, p.31795-31804.
Svendsen K., Hilt B.
Skin disorders in ship's engineers exposed to oils and solvents
Topics: eczema; mineral oils; Norway; questionnaire survey; sensitization dermatitis; skin diseases; solvents; water transport equipment.
Contact Dermatitis, Apr. 1997, Vol.36, No.4, p.216-220. 10 ref.
The marine environment
These eight chapters in a major new survey of OSH examine health and safety issues in offshore operations and on vessels: management of offshore oil and gas installations; risk and emergency preparedness analysis; blowout; mechanization and automation as environmental factors; accidents and accident prevention; divers; safety on vessels; the fishing fleet and fish farming.
In: The Workplace (by Brune D. et al., eds), Scandinavian Science Publisher as, Bakkehaugveien 16, 0873 Oslo, Norway, 1997, Vol.2, p.767-848. Illus. Bibl.ref.
Safety at sea - The ISM Code
Sécurité en mer - Le Code ISM [in French]
This publication describes the principles of the International Safety Management and Pollution Prevention Code (ISM Code), adopted by the International Maritime Organisation (IMO) in 1993 and made mandatory under Chapter IX of the International Convention for the Safety of Life at Sea (SOLAS), and the procedures required for compliance. It consists of four parts: placing the ISM Code in the context of developments in safety at sea; notes helping in the understanding of the Code; general principles of certification; implementation of the ISM Code. Appendices include the ISM Code and a glossary.
Editions Préventique, 37 et 68 cours de la Martinique, 33000 Bordeaux, France, 1996. 117p. Illus. Price: FRF 100.00.
International Maritime Dangerous Goods Code (IMDG Code) - Amendment 28-96 [IMO]
Amendments to the IMDG Code, last issued as a consolidated edition in 1994. The Code is abstracted under CIS 92-728. Topics: bulk liquid containers; bulk solids storage; asbestos; classification; compendium; corrosive substances; dangerous substances; data sheet; directive; emergency organization; explosive substances; first aid; flammable liquids; gases; hazard identification; IMO; industrial waste; international agreements; liquefied gases; liquids; list of chemical substances; organic peroxides; oxidizing substances; pesticides; radioactive substances; sea transport; solids; storage tanks; toxic substances; transport of materials; warning notices.
International Maritime Organisation, 4 Albert Embankment, London SE1 7SR, United Kingdom, consolidated ed., 1996. 4 vols. + supplement. Illus.
International Labour Office (ILO)
Accident prevention on board ship at sea and in port
Prévention des accidents à bord des navires en mer et dans les ports [in French]
Prevención de accidentes a bordo de los buques en el mar y en los puertos [in Spanish]
This code of practice is an update of the previous version (see CIS 78-1444). It was drawn up by a meeting of 15 international experts, convened by the ILO at Geneva (28 Sep. - 5 Oct. 1993) and attended by representatives of IMO, ISO, the CEC, the IOE, the ICFTU and the WFTU. Contents: duties and responsibilities of competent authorities, shipowners, masters, seafearers, safety officers and safety representatives; reporting of accidents; permit-to work systems; safety and heath considerations; shipboard emergencies and emergency equipment; carriage of dangerous goods; safe access to ship; safe movement about the ship; working in enclosed or confined spaces; manual lifting and carrying; tools and materials; welding and flame-cutting; painting; different types of work done on board; specific vessel types. Appendix: permit-to-work form.
ILO Publications, International Labour Office, 1211 Genève 22, Switzerland, 2nd ed., 1996. xiv, 194p. 92 ref. Index. Price: CHF 27.50.
Council Directive 96/35/EC of 3 June 1996 on the appointment and vocational qualification of safety advisers for the transport of dangerous goods by road, rail and inland waterway [European Communities]
Directive 96/35/CE du Conseil, du 3 juin 1996 concernant la désignation ainsi que la qualification professionnelle de conseillers à la sécurité pour le transport par route, par rail ou par voie navigable de marchandises dangereuses [Communautés européennes] [in French]
Topics: dangerous substances; directive; European Communities; list; qualifications; rail transport; road transport; safety and health organization; safety checks; safety officers; safety service records; transport of materials; vocational training; water transport.
Official Journal of the European Communities - Journal officiel des Communautés européennes, 19 June 1996, Vol.39, No.L 145, p.10-15.
Reasons for loss of fitness of dockers to perform physically heavy loading operations
The present evaluation of reasons for dockers' loss of fitness to perform heavy and very heavy loading operations was based on a prospective study comprising a selected population of 508 men, carried out in 1989. A follow-up of their health and ability to perform loading operations continued until 1995. In this period, change of work post caused by health problems was observed in 185 (36.4%) men, 67 (13.2%) people either quit work or were dismissed, 24 (4.7%) subjects were promoted and 80 retired. Twelve dockers died (2.45%); it is noteworthy that no death was associated with the work performed. There were 140 dockers (27.6%) that remained on their posts after 7 years of observation. In the group of 185, the main reasons for medical disqualification from work were diseases of the peripheral nervous and musculoskeletal systems and of the connective tissue (71 men, 38.4%), chronic diseases of the upper respiratory tracts (36 men, 19.4%), circulatory system diseases (24 cases, 13.0%) and post-traumatic states of the musculoskeletal system (16 cases, 8.6%). A proper health qualification is crucial for a long-lasting fitness to work.
Bulletin of the Institute of Maritime and Tropical Medicine in Gdynia, 1996, Vol.XLVII, No.1/4, p.19-24. 18 ref.
Presidential decree (15 Nov. 1996) regulating the transportation by sea of dangerous substances as well as their loading, unloading, transportation and storage in harbours [Greece]
Kanonismos fortōsēs, ekfortōsēs, diakinēsēs kai paramonēs epikindunōn eidōn se limenes kai metafora autōn dia thalassēs [in Greek]
This Decree (entry into force: 15 May 1997) modifies Decrees 330/62, 151/66 and 256/88. It provides for the classification of dangerous substances, and prescribes safety measures to be taken on board ships and in harbour facilities during the handling of dangerous substances. In annex: list of more than 9000 substances, with appropriate hazard and labelling classification codes.
Efēmeris tēs Kubernēseos tēs Ellēnikēs Dēmokratias, 16 Dec. 1996, No.272, p.4981-5079. Illus.
Morales Suárez-Varela M.M., et al.
Tobacco and alcohol consumption as health risk factors in seafarers
Hábito tabáquico y alcohólico como factores de riesgo del estado de salud de los trabajadores del mar [in Spanish]
An epidemiologic study based on information obtained from 707 clinical histories of seafarers from Valencia, Spain, was conducted in order to investigate tobacco and alcohol consumption and its relationship to health conditions in this population of workers. It was found that tobacco and alcohol consumption was higher than in the population of both the Community of Valencia and Spain and this habit plays an important role in the development of pathologies. Tables included. (Summary in English).
Medicina y seguridad del trabajo, 1996, Vol.43, No.168, p.27-36. 29 ref.
Le Blanc L.A., Rucks C.T.
A multiple discriminant analysis of vessel accidents
Data on 936 vessel accidents occurring between 1979 and 1987 on the lower Mississippi River, USA were cluster analyzed to generate four groups: danger zone accidents; accidents in bad navigating conditions; probably preventable accidents; and accidents that should not have happened. Multiple discriminant analysis was used to identify the variables contributing most to overall group differentiation: participation in the U.S. Coast Guard's New Orleans Vessel Traffic Service (VTS - an information system designed to assist vessel operators in navigating inland waterways), overall VTS utilization, river stage, traffic level, and time and location of accident. The benefits of participation in VTS are discussed.
Accident Analysis and Prevention, July 1996, Vol.28, No.4, p.501-510. Illus. 19 ref.
Health standards for internationally recruited seafarers
Based on the findings of a 1994 questionnaire survey, the International Labour Office (ILO) and the World Health Organization (WHO) prepared draft guidelines for conducting medical examinations for seafarers. The guidelines cover: medical examiners and the frequency of examinations; scope of examinations; assessment and health certificate; minimum health and fitness standards. The guidelines may be generally adopted and used in the future.
Central European Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, 1996, Vol.2, No.3, p.271-276. 2 ref.
Herald of Free Enterprise: Report retrospective
This report reviews the accident in which the British roll-on roll-off (ro-ro) ferry (Herald of Free Enterprise) capsized on 6 March 1987 near Zeebrugge, on the Belgian coast. The direct cause was the inflow of water through the bow door, which had not been shut (contrary to ship's standing orders). Although the ship did not entirely sink, a large number of passengers and crew were trapped inside and died. The report analyzes the reasons why the rescue organization failed. Among other causes: negligence of the captain and officers; passenger overloading; lack of electronic monitoring of the doors; difficulties in having access to lifejackets etc. Comments and recommendations are made relating to the safety, loading and stability of the ship and to life-saving measures in such emergencies.
Occupational Safety and Health, Nov. 1996, Vol.26, No.11, p.38-43. Illus.
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