Water transportation - 485 entries found
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Castelo Tarrío I., de la Flor Magdalena B., Gil Martín F.J., Pelaez Corre N., Martín Alonso J.L., Castaños Urkullu A.
Coordination of emergency services in aquatic environments
Coordinación de emergencias en medio acuático [in Spanish]
Based on an analysis of emergency interventions in aquatic environments during 2002, this study presents the emergency procedures adopted in the Autonomous Community of the Spanish Basque Country. Explains how coordination is effected among the various services involved in the event of accidents, including ambulances, medical services, rescue operations, firefighters and police forces.
Medicina Marítima, June 2004, Vol.4, No.1, p.63-70. Illus. 17 ref.
Bundesanstalt für Arbeitsschutz und Arbeitsmedizin
Data collection of causes and underlying factors of marine casualties
Datenerfassung bei Unfallursachen und begünstigenden Faktoren für Unfälle in der Seeschifffahrt [in German]
This study examines the international efforts undertaken to investigate maritime accidents. It focuses on the approaches used to obtain structured accident data in order to form a solid statistical basis for the assessment of existing maritime safety standards and the development of new standards. A casualty investigation follow-up method was developed, based on a process model of the maritime casualty (SEMOMAP) and data scheme. It was used to obtain data on accident processes and their underlying factors. Although the number of maritime accidents was not sufficient to enable general conclusions regarding causes, it was clear that there were gaps in the reports concerning the influencing factors of crew performance. Consequently, the accident process often cannot be modelled for safety scientific purposes on the basis of casualty reports. This underlines the need for a more structured approach in future.
Wirtschaftsverlag NW, Postfach 10 11 10, 27511 Bremerhaven, Germany, 2004. 203p. Illus. 88 ref. Price: EUR 17.50.
http://www.baua.de/info/s/s81.pdf [in German]
Consolidated maritime labour convention - Recommended draft, commentary and guide to the preparatory conference
Convention du travail maritime consolidée - Projet recommandé, commentaires et guide de la conférence préparatoire [in French]
Convención consolidada del trabajo marítimo - Proyecto recomendado, comentarios y guía de la conferencia preparatoria [in Spanish]
The ILO is set to adopt in 2005 a consolidated maritime labour convention. The preparation of the draft progresses through a series of meetings and conferences. More than 60 maritime Conventions and Recommendations applying to the shipping industry are to be merged with the necessary updating into a current instrument. Medical-related subjects which will be prominent in this new instrument include medical certificates, fitness of seafarers, medical care, health and safety, food, and welfare. Other features of this new instrument are its rights-based approach, the simplified amendment procedure and its improved enforcement. This set of documents comprising the recommended draft for a Convention on maritime labour standards, the commentary to the draft, and a guide consists of the documentation submitted as a basis for discussion at the Preparatory Technical Maritime Conference to be held in Geneva, Switzerland, 12-24 September 2004.
ILO Publications, International Labour Office, 1211 Genève 22, Switzerland, 2004. v, 112p. (Project); iv, 53p. (Commentary); 12p. (Guide).
http://www.ilo.org/public/french/standards/relm/maritime/pdf/guide.pdf (Guide) [in French]
http://http://www.ilo.org/public/spanish/standards/relm/maritime/pdf/cmlc-draft.pdf (Proyecto) [in Spanish]
http://www.ilo.org/public/english/standards/relm/maritime/pdf/cmlc-comment.pdf (Comentarios) [in Spanish]
http://www.ilo.org/public/spanish/standards/relm/maritime/pdf/guide.pdf (Guía) [in Spanish]
http://www.ilo.org/public/english/standards/relm/maritime/pdf/cmlc-draft.pdf (Draft) [in English]
http://www.ilo.org/public/english/standards/relm/maritime/pdf/guide.pdf (Guide) [in English]
http://www.ilo.org/public/french/standards/relm/maritime/pdf/cmlc-draft.pdf (Projet) [in French]
http://www.ilo.org/public/french/standards/relm/maritime/pdf/cmlc-comment.pdf (Commentaires) [in French]
http://www.ilo.org/public/english/standards/relm/maritime/pdf/cmlc-comment.pdf (Comemnt) [in English]
Alderton T., Bloor M., Kahveci E., Lane T., Sampson H., Thomas M., Winchester N., Wu B., Zhao M.
The global seafarer - Living and working conditions in a globalized industry
This study discusses the impact of globalization on seafarers from the standpoint of recruitment practices, role of trade unions and collective bargaining, training, certification, wages, contracts and tours of duty. A section is devoted to working conditions and occupational hazards. Despite the lack of comprehensive international data, there are indications of high fatality rates from occupational accidents among seafarers. Exposure hazards include those due to toxic substances being transported, and to asbestos in engine rooms. Bullying, loneliness, depression and suicide are also frequent in this population.
ILO Publications, International Labour Office, 1211 Genève 22, Switzerland, 2004. xvi, 208p. Illus. Bibl. ref. Index. Price: CHF 30.00.
Small fishing vessel safety manual
Petits bateaux de pêche - Manuel de sécurité [in French]
Contents of this safety guide: navigating safely; vessel stability; safe working methods; equipment and installations; life saving equipment; weather information; emergency organization; distress signals.
Marine Safety Directorate, Transport Canada, Ottawa, Ontario K1A 0N8, Canada, 2003. 94p. Illus.
http://www.tc.gc.ca/securitemaritime/TP/tp10038/tp10038f.pdf [in French]
http://www.tc.gc.ca/marinesafety/tp/tp10038/tp10038e.pdf [in English]
Women Seafarers. Global employment policies and practices
This book addresses issues surrounding the working conditions and welfare of contemporary women seafarers from both developed and developing countries. Based on research commissioned by the ILO, it considers women's participation levels in the industry and examines policies concerning their recruitment, training, maternity and employment rights and other aspects of work and life at sea. It also offers first-hand accounts from women seafarers describing how they have dealt with discrimination, sexual harassment and other difficulties. The practices and policies of national and international regulatory agencies, employers, trade unions and maritime education and training institutions are examined and the report concludes with a series of recommendations.
ILO Publications, International Labour Office, 1211 Genève 22, Switzerland, 2003. xvi, 128p. Bibl.ref. Price: CHF 25.00.
http://www.ilo.org/public/english/support/publ/textmar.htm#b4911 [in English]
Safer Ports Initiative: Guide to health and safety audits
This guidance note provides advice on the process of auditing as part of the health and safety management system in ports. The use of an audit to measure the effectiveness of an employer's policies and procedures is described and the features of an effective audit are outlined along with the selection of competent auditors.
Port Skills and Safety Ltd., Africa House, 64-78 Kingsway, London, WC2B 6AH, United Kingdom, 2003. 4p. 1 ref.
http://www.saferports.org.uk/assets/PSS_Safer_Ports_Audits_PDF.pdf [in English]
Safer Ports Initiative: Guide to setting up a heath and safety liaison committee
This guidance note provides practical advice on the establishment of health and safety liaison committees in the ports industry. It describes the objectives of the liaison committee, people and organizations involved, the scope of safety and health items to be included in the remit of the committee and good committee practices.
Port Skills and Safety Ltd., Africa House, 64-78 Kingsway, London, WC2B 6AH, United Kingdom, 2003. 4p. 5 ref.
http://www.saferports.org.uk/assets/PSS_Safer_Ports_Initiative_Liaison_Committees.pdf [in English]
Maritime occupational accidents: Report and statistics 2003
Accidents du travail maritime. Rapport et statistiques 2003 [in French]
This report analyses statistics on occupational maritime accidents in France in 2003. Statistics are given by type of activity (shellfish farming, port services, merchant shipping, fishing) and by location of injury. Trends from 1998 are also analysed.
Direction de Affaires maritimes et des Gens de mer, Service de Santé des gens de mer, 3 place de Fontenoy, 75700 Paris 07, France, 2003. 29p. Illus.
http://www.mer.gouv.fr/actualites2/06_editions/documents/stat_atm.pdf [in French]
European Agreement concerning the international carriage of dangerous goods by inland waterways (ADN) [United Nations]
Evropejskoe soglašenie o meždunarodnoj perevozke opasnyh gruzov po vnutrennim vodnym putjam (VOPOG) [in Russian]
This two-volume set provides the text of the Agreement and the annexed Regulations. The Regulations contain provisions concerning dangerous substances and articles and their carriage in packages and in bulk on board inland navigation vessels and tank vessels, as well as provisions concerning the construction and operation of such vessels. They also address requirements and procedures for inspections, issue of certificates of approval, recognition of classification societies, monitoring, and training and examination of experts. Russian version of the document analysed under CIS 03-1019.
United Nations Publications, 1211 Genève 10, Switzerland, 2003. xxxv, 452p. Illus. (Vol.I); v, 493p. Illus. (Vol.II).
http://www.unece.org/trans/danger/adnreg2003.html [in English]
Castelo Tarrío I., De la Flor Magdaleno B., Gil Martín F.J., Peláez Corres N., Castaños Urkullu A., García Bercedo R.
Performance of emergency teams in maritime incidents: Special characteristics
Actuación de los equipos de emergencia en incidentes marítimos: características especiales [in Spanish]
The aim of this study was to examine factors influencing the medical care given to victims of incidents at sea, highlighting the difficulties of access and rescue. The 38 incidents that occurred at sea during 2002 in the Basque region of Spain requiring the intervention of rescue services were analysed. Incidents at sea have specific characteristics which can affect medical services: the scene of the incident is often dangerous and the access to the victims is difficult, requiring the intervention of rescue services which considerably delays medical assistance and transport. For these reasons, it is particularly important to provide rescue personnel with basic training in emergency medical care and in the handling of victims with traumatic injuries.
Medicina Marítima, Dec. 2003, Vol.3, No.2, p.143-148. Illus. 8 ref.
Alonso Blasi N., Rodríguez Ares M.J.
Occupational accidents in the stevedoring sector of the Cadiz Bay Port. 1995-2002
Accidentes laborales en el sector de la estiba del Puerto de la Bahía de Cadíz. 1995-2002 [in Spanish]
This study analyses occupational accidents in the loading and unloading sector of the Port of the Bay of Cadiz between 1995 and 2002. It considers disability, absenteeism rates and the average duration of incapacitation, as well as factors such as occupational group, accident cause, diagnosis and injury severity. Results show a decreasing trend: the average duration of incapacitation declined from 11.32 to 3.74 days, incidence rates declined from 32.5% to 11.58% and the average duration of absenteeism per worker declined from 3.1 to 1.3 days.
Medicina Marítima, Dec. 2003, Vol.3, No.2, p.125-133. Illus. 13 ref.
Work-related mortality among British seafarers employed in flags of convenience shipping, 1976-95
The objective of this study was to analyse the causes of all deaths among British seafarers who were working in flags of convenience merchant shipping between 1976 and 1995, to compare their mortality with that of British seafarers employed in British merchant shipping and to discuss the implications for safety and health. Data from official mortality files were used. Out of 200 deaths in flags of convenience shipping, 68 were caused by illness, 91 by accidents, three by homicide, seven by suicide, four by drug and alcohol intoxication and 27 by unknown causes. Deaths from causes other than diseases, including maritime disasters, were significantly higher in flags of convenience ships than in British ships. There were insufficient data to determine relative mortality rates, and further studies should focus on this aspect.
International Maritime Health, 2003, Vol.54, No.1/4, p.7-25. 28 ref.
Guide on lock-out and tag-out procedures for the marine industry
This guide provides guidelines to assist companies in the marine industry in meeting the requirements for the establishment and implementation of lock-out procedures. It also contains guidelines on tag-out procedures so as to ensure that all energy sources to any plant, machinery or equipment are adequately isolated or discharged, and demarcated to prevent inadvertent activation or energization that could cause injury to workers and/or damage to equipment. Appendices include a sample lock-out/tag-out record sheet, a scheme of the general lock-out-tag-out procedure, a list of process and equipment requiring lock-out/tag-out in shipyards, and samples of tags.
Association of Singapore Marine Industries (ASMI), Singapore, Republic of Singapore, 2003. 18p. Illus.
Tabbot P.N., Robson M.G., Breen K.P.
Foodborne pathogens: The risk to the health of merchant seafarers
Patógenos en los alimentos: un riesgo para la salud de los marinos mercantes [in Spanish]
Foodborne illness is a global problem posing new risks to human health. Emerging pathogens, globalization of the food supply, changes in human behaviour, international travel, microbial adaptation and a breakdown of the pubic health system are factors which contribute to the threat of new and dangerous disease agents. Merchant seafarers, because of their unique occupational setting, may be particularly vulnerable to potentially debilitating foodborne illnesses. Factors like close living quarters, communal meal eating, contact with labourers in ports and access to potentially-contaminated food represent special hazards for these workers. These hazards are discussed in this article, together with the appropriate prevention measures.
Medicina Marítima, June 2003, Vol.3, No.1, p.47-71. Illus. 91 ref.
Herrador Aguirre J., García Casas J.B., Fernández López J.A., Hernández-Mejía R., Cueto Espinar A., Canals Pol-Lina M.L.
Evolution of the quality of life (QL) of a group of seamen on board ships
Evolución de la calidad de vida (CVRS) de un grupo de marineros embarcados [in Spanish]
The objective of this study was to analyse how the duration of on-board periods affect the quality of life of seafarers in the merchant navy and among tuna fishermen in the Indian Ocean. 56 seafarers participated in the study and were evaluated three times within a six-month period using the "PECVEC" (profile of the quality of life of chronic patients) questionnaire. The comparison of the average results of the three evaluations showed significant differences and a deterioration of the quality of life when the subjects were on board on permanent basis. A longer period on board was associated with a more pronounced worsening of the quality of life.
Medicina Marítima, June 2003, Vol.3, No.1, p.17-28. Illus. 37 ref.
International Maritime Health Association
7th international symposium on maritime health
7º Simposio internacional sobre la salud en el sector marítimo [in Spanish]
This CD-ROM of the 7th international symposium on maritime health held in Tarragona, Spain, 22 to 26 April 2003, contains all the documentation handed before and during the symposium (programme, list of participants, papers presented in PDF format, pictures, etc.). Main topics covered: maritime medicine history; emergency medicine on board; standards in seafarers' fitness examinations; infectious diseases; cruise medicine; divers fitness examinations; occupational accidents and diseases; occupational health in the fishing sector; vaccination and travel medicine for seafarers.
CIS, ILO Publications, International Labour Office, 1211 Genève 22, Switzerland, 2003. CD-ROM.
Mayhew C., Grewal D.
Occupational violence/bullying in the maritime industry: A pilot study
In this study on violence and bullying among seafarers, data were gathered from 108 seafarers of various nationalities by means of questionnaires and structured interviews. The international seafaring labour force was found to exhibit all the characteristics of the precarious labour force: weak labour market position, long hours of work, comparatively poor pay and frequency of violence and bullying. Such findings were not unexpected, given recent comprehensive studies of precarious labour in other industry sectors. However, the major differentiating factor was that seafaring crews are often multicultural, and this sometimes exacerbated tensions, leading to interracial violence, for example. Because most seafarers usually work far from their home social support networks, their vulnerability to a range of exploitative mechanisms is heightened. The implementation of the in-progress ILO code of practice on violence and stress at work in the service sector, based on the report entitled "Violence at work" (see CIS 00-599), may be a key step in reducing the risks of violence and bullying among seafarers.
Journal of Occupational Health and Safety - Australia and New Zealand, Oct. 2003, Vol.19, No.5, p.457-463. 23 ref.
Health and Safety Executive
Report on trends in shuttle tanker incidents 1998-2001
This report reviews the progress made with respect to the safety of tanker off-take on the United Kingdom continental shelf, based on the results of an earlier report covering the years 1997-1998 together with an analysis of the data from 1998 to 2001. It calculates of the hours of exposure and the frequencies of incident types. It concludes that there has been a 59% reduction in the expected frequency of collision between a shuttle tanker and floating production, storage and off-loading (FPSOs) platforms and floating storage units (FSUs). Nevertheless, there is clearly underreporting and blurring of the lines between normal operational procedures and emergency procedures on some vessels with respect to accidental disconnections.
HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 2WA, United Kingdom, 2003. vi, 16p. Illus. 3 ref. Price: GBP 10.00.
http://www.hse.gov.uk/research/rrpdf/rr111.pdf [in English]
ADN 2003 - Volumes 1 and 2 [United Nations]
ADN 2003 - Volumes 1 et 2 [Nations Unies] [in French]
The European agreement concerning the international carriage of dangerous goods by inland waterways (ADN) was adopted on 25 May 2000 on the occasion of the Diplomatic Conference organized jointly by the Economic Commission for Europe (UNECE) and the Central Commission for the Navigation of the Rhine (CCNR). ADN consists of a main legal text and Regulations annexed thereto and aims at ensuring a high level of safety of the international carriage of dangerous goods by inland waterways, contributing effectively to the protection of the environment, by preventing any pollution resulting from accidents or incidents during such carriage, and facilitating transport operations and promoting international trade of chemicals. The annexed Regulations contain provisions concerning dangerous substances and articles, provisions concerning their carriage in packages and in bulk on board inland navigation vessels and tank vessels, as well as provisions concerning the construction and operation of such vessels. They also address requirements and procedures for inspections, issue of certificates of approval, recognition of classification societies, monitoring, and training and examination of experts. Volume 1 contains the final act of the conference, the resolution on the follow-up of the conference, the agreement as adopted on 25 May 2000 and part of the annexed regulations as revised as of 1 January 2002. These are continued in volume 2.
United Nations Publications Sales, 1221 Genève 10, Switzerland, 2003. xxxv, 413p. Illus. (Vol. I); v, 487p. Illus. (Vol II).
Braun B., König C., Georg A.
Work and health in the occupational group of inland waterway sailors
Arbeit und Gesundheit des Berufsgruppe des Binnenschiffer [in German]
A survey was carried out in Germany by the inland waterway sailors' compensation fund, in order to determine the state of health of its members. The survey is based on data on work incapacitation and on hospitalization for the year 1999, as well as on responses to a questionnaire on the state of health, symptoms and workload addressed to all members in 2001. Findings are discussed.
Gmünder Ersatzkasse, Gottlieb Daimler Strasse 19, 73529 Schwäbisch Gmünd, Germany, 2002. 174p. Illus. 31 ref.
Law of the sea yearbook
Annuaire de droit maritime et océanique [in French]
Collection of articles on legal aspects of sea transport and fishing. Topics addressed include a historical review of the law of the sea, legislation in France, and Algeria, ILO conventions on the duration of work at sea, conditions of work, and compensation awarded in France to seafarers suffering from asbestos-related diseases.
Université de Nantes, Centre de droit maritime et océanique, B.P. 81307, 44313 Nantes cédex 03, France, 2002. 331p. Bibl.ref.
Offshore safety case approach and formal safety assessment of ships
To maximize marine and offshore safety, risk modelling and decision-making tools need to be developed and applied in a practical environment. This paper describes both the offshore safety case approach and the formal safety assessment of ships with particular reference to the design aspects. Current practices and the latest developments in safety assessment in both the marine and offshore industries are described. The relationship between the offshore safety case approach and formal ship safety assessment is described and discussed. Three examples are used to demonstrate the two approaches and recommendations are made with respect to further work required.
Journal of Safety Research, 2002, Vol.33, No.1, p.81-115. Illus. 37 ref.
International Safety Management (ISM) Code 2002
This code sets out requirements for ship owners and managers or anyone responsible for the operation of a ship to develop, implement and maintain a safety management system based on the following provisions: a safety and environmental protection policy; procedures to ensure the safe operation of ships and protection of the environment in compliance with relevant legislation; defined levels of authority and lines of communication among shore and shipboard personnel; procedures for the reporting of accidents and no-compliance with the code; emergency preparedness; and procedures for internal audits and management reviews. Certification and verification requirements are also set out.
International Maritime Organization, 4 Albert Embankment, London SE1 7SR, United Kingdom, 2002. 6p.
http://www.imo.org/humanelement/mainframe.asp?topic_id=287 [in English]
Proposal for the creation of an occupational safety and health management system for the merchant shipping sector. SEAHS
Propuesta de creación de un sistema de gestión de la seguridad y salud laboral para el sector de la marina mercante. SEAHS [in Spanish]
This report presents the findings of an expert group project aimed at lowering the number of accidents in small merchant shipping enterprises through the implementation of occupational safety and health management systems. The findings lead to four recommendations: adoption of a safety management system (SEAHS); job description of the safety officer; training of the crews and labour inspectors in occupational safety and health; compilation of a technical occupational safety and health guide for the merchant shipping sector.
European Agency for Safety and Health at Work, Gran Vía 33, 48009 Bilbao, Spain, ca 2002. 64p. Illus
Lange J., Kessel G., Stehrenberg B., Groth J.
Bundesanstalt für Arbeitsschutz und Arbeitsmedizin
Health-protection concepts for small and medium-sized port companies handling automobiles and bulk goods
Gesundheitsschutzkonzepte für kleine und mittlere Hafenbetriebe beim Auto- und Massengutumschlag [in German]
The aim of this study was to develop a health-protection concept addressing the different working conditions of port workers who handle the loading and unloading of bulk goods and automobiles. Data were collected through a questionnaire survey of 222 port workers (192 involved in automobile handling and 30 in bulk goods handling), by observing the work processes and the workplaces and by interviewing experts. It was found that the concept of integrated quality and safety management systems can successfully take into account the existing company safety and health organization systems as well as statutory labour protection provisions, with the participation of workers actively involved in the self-regulation of the system.
Wirtschaftsverlag NW, Postfach 10 11 10, 27511 Bremerhaven, Germany, 2002. 279p. Illus. 42 ref. Price: EUR 24.00.
Meeting of experts on working and living conditions on board ships in international registers
Réunion d'experts sur les conditions de travail des gens de mer à bord des navires immatriculés sur les registres internationaux [in French]
Reunión de expertos sobre las condiciones de vida y de trabajo de la gente de mar a bordo de buques de registro internacional [in Spanish]
Since its creation in 1919, the ILO has adopted more than 50 conventions and recommendations relating to the working and living conditions of seafarers. However, substantial variations in living and working conditions continue to exist between vessels operating under different flags. The objective of this report was to document current practice regarding regulations which protect seafarers at work. A questionnaire on working conditions, recruitment issues, conditions of employment, repatriation and health and welfare was sent to 60 ILO member states. Case reports from the following countries are included: Denmark; India; Isle of Man; Panama; Philippines. The report concludes in favour of continued regulation at the national and international levels and calls for better enforcement of existing regulations.
ILO Publications, International Labour Office, 1211 Genève 22, Switzerland, 2002. v, 38p. Illus. (Report I); i, 101p. Illus. (Report II); v, 7p. (Supplementary paper).
PDP - ILO Portworker Development Programme
PDP - Programme de développement du personnel portuaire [in French]
PDP - Programa de desarollo para trabajadores portuarios [in Spanish]
A high level of productivity can be achieved in ports only with the help of planning and operating systems and by investing in worker training. The ILO has put together a systematic training programme entitled "Portworker Development Programme" (PDP) aimed at helping the management of container terminals in developing the skills of their workers. This videotape presents the training materials of the programme. A CD-ROM-based video on the same topic is analysed under CIS 03-268.
ILO Publications, International Labour Office, 1211 Genève 22, Switzerland, [c2002]. Videotape VHS PAL.
PDP - ILO Portworker Development Programme
A high level of productivity can be achieved in ports only with the help of planning and operating systems and by investing in worker training. The ILO has put together a systematic training programme entitled "Portworker Development Programme" (PDP) aimed at helping the management of container terminals in developing the skills of their workers. This CD-ROM contains a video document presenting the training materials of the programme. A videotape on the same topic is analysed under CIS 03-269.
ILO Publications, International Labour Office, 1211 Genève 22, Switzerland, [c2002]. CD-ROM. 15min video (mpeg format).
Health and Safety Executive
Managing health and safety in dockwork
Many dock workers are injured or killed at work each year in the United Kingdom. This guidance is aimed at all persons involved in dock operations or who supply labour for dock work. It explains the specific safety and health duties and shows how cooperation, coordination and the control of contractors can help managing safety successfully. Topics covered: employers' responsibilities towards their own employees, temporary workers, workers from a labour supplier and with respect to training; information on the risks; cooperation and coordination of safety management with other employers; controlling contractors; risk assessment; particular responsibilities; key questions to all employers. Relevant legislation is included in an appendix.
HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 2WA, United Kingdom, 2002. iv, 28p. 29 ref. Price: GBP 9.50.
Suicide and seafarers: A pilot study
This article provides a brief overview of the working environment of deep-sea seafarers, legislation, safety and health hazards, and factors that contribute to a situation where suicide is contemplated. While the original focus of the study was to analyse the causes of traumatic fatalities among seafarers on ships on the United Kingdom registry, suicide emerged as a key variable. It is argued that work environment factors that contribute to fatigue and stress experienced by seafarers are likely to be closely linked to suicide. These risk factors include long hours of wok, limited rest and recreation time, poor sleep quality, excessive fatigue, homesickness, poor communication links with home, depression and poor health status.
Journal of Occupational Health and Safety - Australia and New Zealand, Aug. 2002, Vol.18, No.4, p.375-381. 34 ref.
Hazardous occupations in Great Britain
The causes of all deaths in the British merchant marine (507) and trawler fishing (454) industries during the period 1976-1995 were compared with those for all other occupations (except civil aviation) (9543). Fishermen were 52.4 times more likely to have a fatal accident at work than British workers in general; for seafarers the factor was 26.2. Although a downward trend has been identified in these occupations, they remain much more hazardous than the average, and a reduction in unsafe working practices at sea is strongly recommended.
Lancet, 17 Aug. 2002, Vol.360, No.9332, p.543-544. Illus. 5 ref.
Notification No.87 of 2002 concerning biological agents and the working environment on offshore installations [Denmark]
Bekendtgørelse om biologiske agenser og arbejdsmiljø på havanlæg [in Danish]
Contents of this Notification (effective 2 Mar. 2002): scope of application and definitions; risk evaluation; safety instructions and information; notification of work with certain biological substances; medical examinations; exemptions. Notification No.670 of 14 July 1994 on the same subject is revoked.
Lovtidende A, 26 Feb. 2002, Vol.22, p.472-477.
Dock work - Social repercussions of new methods of cargo handling
Travail dans les ports - Répercussions sociales des nouvelles méthodes de manutention [in French]
Trabajo en los puertos - Repercusiones sociales de los nuevos métodos de manutención [in Spanish]
At present, the situation in the international maritime transport and port industry is characterized by globally-integrated logistic chains, mergers and alliances of maritime carriers and the building of larger and larger ships operating from an ever smaller number of ports. This report presents the current situation with respect to dock work among ILO Member States, including the social repercussions of these changes. ships. A section is devoted to working conditions, where the aspects relating to remuneration, working hours, social security benefits and occupational safety and health measures are discussed.
ILO Publications, International Labour Office, 1211 Genève 22, Switzerland, 2002. ix; 114p. Price: CHF 17.50.
Hansen H.L., Nielsen D., Frydenberg M.
Occupational accidents aboard merchant ships
A follow up on occupational accidents among crew aboard Danish merchant ships in the period 1993-7 was carried out using data from the Danish Maritime Authority and insurance institutions. Of a total of 1993 accidents, 209 resulted in permanent disability of 5% or more, and 27 were fatal. Relative risks for notified accidents and accidents causing permanent disability of 5% or more were calculated as a function of ship type, occupation, age, time on board, change of ship since last employment period and nationality. Foreigners had a considerably lower recorded rate of accidents than Danish citizens. Age was a major risk factor for accidents causing permanent disability. Change of ship and the first period aboard a particular ship were identified as risk factors. Walking from one place to another aboard the ship caused serious accidents. The most serious accidents happened on deck. Most accidents happened while performing daily routine duties.
Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Feb. 2002, Vol.59, No.2, p.85-91. 23 ref.
The 6th International Symposium on Maritime Health
Proceedings of the International Conference on Maritime Health held in Manila, Philippines, 5-8 November 2001. Leading international maritime health experts have gathered to discuss scientific issues in maritime occupational health and safety. Participants included ship managers, maritime experts, health practitioners, occupational health physicians and maritime authorities.
ILO Publications, International Labour Office, 1211 Genève 22, Switzerland, 2001. 244p. Illus. Bibl.ref.
Health and safety in the maritime sector
Santé et sécurité au travail maritime [in French]
This booklet identifies some of the hazards faced by seafarers and outlines preventive measures. Contents: function of the Service de Santé des Gens de Mer (Seafarers' Health Service); technical and medical approaches to safety and health; the role of maritime safety and health committees; the role of labour inspection; dangerous substances; noise; protection against occupational accidents; and sources of medical help at sea.
Direction des Affaires maritimes et des Gens de mer, 3 Place de Fontenoy, 75700 Paris 07, France, Sep. 2001. 44p.
This booklet provides an overview of safety and health standards concerning the marine terminal and longshoring industries. Contents: guidelines for workplace safety and health programmes; marine terminal operations; cargo handling equipment; specialized terminals; personal protection; terminal facilities and means of access; safety and health regulations for longshoring.
U.S. Department of Labor, Occupational Safety and Health Administration, 200 Constitution Avenue N.W., Washington D.C. 20210, USA, rev. ed. 2001. 278p.
http://www.osha.gov/Publications/osha2232.pdf [in English]
Petursdottir G., Hannibalsson O., Turner J.M.M.
Safety at sea as an integral part of fisheries management
This report provides a global review of the status of fishermen's safety and assesses the opportunities, constraints and priorities for action. It is argued that safety at sea should be integrated into the general management of fisheries in each country. Contents: dimensions of the problem (fatalities in fisheries, inadequate documentation of injuries, inherent dangers); international conventions and guidelines on safety at sea; safety training; fisheries management and safety; safety at sea in developing countries; role of the FAO.
Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, Viale delle Terme di Caracalla, 0100 Roma, Italy, 2001. Illus. Bibl.ref.
ftp://ftp.fao.org/docrep/fao/007/x9656f/x9656f00.pdf [in French]
ftp://ftp.fao.org/docrep/fao/004/x9656s/x9656s00.pdf [in Spanish]
ftp://ftp.fao.org/docrep/fao/003/x9656e/x9656e00.pdf [in English]
Drug and alcohol abuse prevention programmes in the maritime industry (a manual for planners) (revised)
The objective of this manual is to contribute to the reduction of health and safety problems related to the use of drugs and alcohol in the maritime industry through the promotion of awareness and education. It provides the background and practical information necessary to develop, implement and evaluate comprehensive prevention programmes. Contents: drugs and alcohol in the workplace and in the maritime industry; responsibilities; components of a comprehensive substance abuse prevention programme. Appendices include sample workplace drug and alcohol policies and ILO and WHO guidelines on drug and alcohol testing and screening examinations for seafarers.
ILO Publications, International Labour Office, 1211 Genève 22, Switzerland, 2001. vi, 61p. Illus.
http://www.ilo.org/public/english/dialogue/sector/papers/drugalco/drugalco.pdf [in English]
Hahne J., Baaske G., Moser H.J., Rothe R.
Bundesanstalt für Arbeitsschutz und Arbeitsmedizin
Identification and implementation of programmes for detecting hazardous situations on board ocean-going ships
Identifikations- und Anwendungsprogramme zur Ermittlung von Gefährdungssituationen in der Seeschifffahrt [in German]
This report analyses the causes of the 645 accidents that occurred between 1990 and 1999 on board ships registered in Germany. A list of individual performance qualities required of naval officers in order that they master critical hazardous situations was developed based on a "duties and requirements" analysis. These qualities could be used as selection criteria for the officers. It was also found that multinational crews present a high managerial workload on the ships' officers. Observations of technical and administrative factors enabled the highlighting of hazards to shipping, and form the starting point of a system aimed at ensuring ships safety. Detailed summary in English and French.
Wirtschaftsverlag NW, Postfach 10 11 10, 27511 Bremerhaven, Germany, 2001. 234p. Illus. 38 ref. Price: EUR 19.00.
European agreement concerning the international carriage of dangerous goods by inland waterways (ADN) [United Nations]
Evropejskoe soglašenie o meždunarodnoj perevozke opasnyh gruzov po vnutrennim vodnym putjam (VOPOG) [in Russian]
Accord européen relatif au transport international des marchandises dangereuses par voies de navigation intérieures (ADN) [Nations Unies] [in French]
The European Agreement concerning the International Carriage of Dangerous Goods by Inland Waterways (ADN) was adopted in 25 May 2000. It was elaborated jointly by the United Nations Economic Commission for Europe (UNECE) and the Central Commission for the Navigation on the Rhine (CCNR). This publication includes the text of the Final Act of the Conference, the Resolution adopted by the Conference, the Agreement itself and the annexed Regulations. Annexes cover the provisions concerning dangerous substances and articles, the carriage of dangerous goods in packages in bulk and in tank vessels, the requirements and procedures concerning inspections and certification, general transitional provisions and transitional provisions applicable to specific inland waterways.
United Nations Publications, 1221 Genève 10, Switzerland, 2001. xxvii, 392p. Illus.
Jin D., Kite-Powell H., Talley W.
The safety of commercial fishing: Determinants of vessel total losses and injuries
This study investigates determinants of vessel total losses and number of fatal and non-fatal crew injuries resulting from commercial fishing vessel accidents in the United States. An injury and vessel damage accident model was developed. Total vessel loss and crew injury models were estimated using regression analysis and a data set of commercial fishing vessel accidents. Results indicate that the probability of a total loss is greatest in the case of capsizing. Fires and explosions, together with capsizing accidents, are expected to result in the greatest number of crew fatalities, 3.5 and 3.8 for every 100 such accidents. For every 100 collisions, 2.1 nonfatal crew injuries are expected. The probability of total loss and the expected number of crew fatalities vary inversely with the price of the fish catch. Relevant issues related to fishing vessel safety management and regulation are discussed.
Journal of Safety Research, Summer 2001, Vol.32, No.2, p.209-228. 26 ref.
Directive 2001/96/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 4.12.2001 establishing harmonised requirements and procedures for the safe loading and unloading of bulk carriers [European Communities]
Directive 2001/96/CE du Parlement européen et du Conseil du 4.12.2001 établissant des exigences et des procédures harmonisées pour le chargement et le déchargement sûrs des vraquiers [Communautés européennes] [in French]
This Directive aims at the reduction of shipping accidents involving bulk carriers (i.e. single-deck cargo ships carrying dry cargo or mineral ore). Contents: definitions; requirements in relation to the suitability of bulk carriers and terminals; responsibilities of masters and terminal representatives; procedures between bulk carriers and terminals; role of competent authorities; repair of damage incurred, during loading or unloading; verification and reporting. Member States of the European Union are required to adopt and publish the provisions of this Directive before 5 Aug. 2003, and apply them from 1 Mar. 2004.
Official Journal of the European Communities - Journal officiel des Communautés européennes, 16 Jan. 2002, Vol.45, No.L 13, p.9-20.
http://europa.eu.int/eur-lex/en/dat/2002/l_013/l_01320020116en00090020.pdf [in English]
http://europa.eu.int/eur-lex/fr/dat/2002/l_013/l_01320020116fr00090020.pdf [in French]
The engagement of non-permanent employees on cargo handling operations in the ports industry
This Code of Practice aims to ensure that no non-permanent employee is engaged in cargo-handling operations unless they have received the appropriate ports industry safety induction training and have been assessed by the cargo handling company as fit and competent to undertake the cargo handling operations for which they will be engaged. All non-permanent employees should be possession of a port safety induction card containing details of the safety training received.
Port Skills and Safety Ltd., Africa House, 64-78 Kingsway, London, WC2B 6AH, United Kingdom, June 2000. 7p.
http://www.portskillsandsafety.co.uk/publications/cp1 [in English]
Gentile S., Pellissier V., Tézenas du Montcel S., Antoniotti S., Gérin O., San Marco J.L.
Impact of the working constraints of high speed ships on the health of seafarers
Retentissement sur la santé du personnel navigant des contraintes spécifiques à la navigation sur les navires à grande vitesse [in French]
This article examines the impact on tiredness, watchfulness and perceived health of constraints associated with work on high-speed ships. A study of 50 workers on two high-speed ships and one traditional ship was carried out in 1997. Results indicated that while the constraints of sailing in high-speed ships had a greater effect on the crew's tiredness and watchfulness compared to the traditional ship, the impact did not appear to cause any physiological changes that would threaten the security or health of those on board.
Archives des maladies professionnelles et de médecine du travail, Sep. 2000, Vol.61, No.5, p.297-303. 8 ref.
Safety and health for port workers
This video cassette in Wolof describes occupational safety and health measures for port workers.
Syndicat des Auxiliaires de Transport du Sénégal, Av. Félix Eboué, BP 3231 Dakar, Senegal, [c2000]. Videocassette.
Guide for dockers
Fascicule du docker [in French]
This guide describes the work of dockers and provides guidance on occupational safety and health: appropriate work clothing (safety shoes, helmets, gloves and masks); safe organization of work; equipment for the handling of heavy loads; personal hygiene and medical supervision; and safe working methods.
Centre de Formation Professionnelle et d'Alphabétisation, Syndicat des Auxiliaires de Transport du Sénégal, Av. Félix Eboué, BP 3231 Dakar, Senegal, [c2000]. 14p. Illus.
Department of Labor - Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA)
Longshoring, Marine Terminals, and Gear Certification - Final Rule [USA]
This is a corrected version of the 1997 Final Rule concerning safety and health regulations for longshoring (see CIS 98-388). The Rules address cargo handling and related activities conducted aboard vessels (the Longshoring Standard) and landside operations at maritime terminals (the Maritime Terminals Standard). Several cross-references to the rules applying to gear certification are also corrected.
Federal Register, 30 June 2000, Vol.65, No.127, p.40,936-40,951.
http://www.osha.gov/pls/oshaweb/owadisp.show_document?p_table=FEDERAL_REGISTER&p_id=15360 [in English]
Maritime Labour Conventions and Recommendations - Third edition, including standards on fishing, port labour and interior navigation [ILO]
Convenios y recomendaciones sobre el trabajo marítimo - Tercera edición con inclusión de las normas sobre la pesca, el trabajo portuario y la navegación interior [in Spanish]
This publication contains the text of 30 ILO Conventions, 23 Recommendations and one Protocol dealing with conditions of employment of seafarers. It also gives the text of four ILO Conventions which apply to all workers including seafarers, but which are considered to form part of minimum maritime standards, as well conventions and recommendations concerning fishing, port work and interior navigation. Main topics covered: general recommendations; training and entry into employment; conditions for admission to employment; certificates of competency; general conditions of employment; safety, health and welfare (food, accommodation, prevention of accidents, health protection and medical care); labour inspection; social security; fishing; port work; interior navigation.
ILO Publications, International Labour Office, 1211 Genève 22, Switzerland, 3rd ed., 2000. vii, 288p. Index. Price: CHF 30.00.
Health care for seafarers in Indonesia
It is estimated that there are approximately 70,000 seafarers in Indonesia. In 1998, the Indonesian government appointed the Maritime Occupational Office (MOH) as the authorized office to issue health certificates for maritime workers. The MOH also organizes health care and health education, and conducts environmental assessments at maritime workplaces. In 1999, the government issued a decree on medical standards which referred to the ILO/WHO guidelines for conducting pre-sea and periodic medical fitness examinations for seafarers. The article describes the current approach to the medical examination of seafarers and suggests a few areas for possible improvement.
International Maritime Health, 2000, Vol. 51, No.1/4, p.92-95.
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