Water transportation - 485 entries found
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Hasanzadeh M.A., Aziabadi E., Alipour N.A.
Health services system for seafarers and fishermen in Iran
This article describes the Iranian maritime health services system. The national Iranian shipping line IRISL owns the largest commercial fleet in the Middle East and operates 137 ships. The national shipping companies employ collectively over 5900 seafarers. There are 11,000 fishing ships and boats and the number of Iranian fishermen is estimated at 124,000. Seafarers and fishermen are regularly medically examined and issued health certificates, according to the national regulations. The health services system is linked to the port authorities throughout the country. Observations, data and relevant statistics on the health problems of the national maritime workers are collected regularly.
International Maritime Health, 2005, Vol.56, No.1/4, p.173-184. 6 ref.
Meere K., van Damme J., van Sprundel M.
Occupational injuries in Flemish pilots in Belgium - A questionnaire survey
A questionnaire survey was conducted in Antwerp, Belgium in 2002-2004 on factors influencing the occurrence of work-related accidents and injuries among maritime pilots. 130 questionnaires were collected and analysed (response rate 37.6%). The accidents reported in the questionnaire occurred between 1980 and 2005, most of them (70.7%) during the previous 10 years. The effects of various factors were considered, including causes of accidents, their time and site, type of injury, human factors, transfer to ships, use of safety equipment, state of the sea and visibility. The results obtained are summarized in three tables and compared with data from the literature.
International Maritime Health, 2005, Vol.56, No.1/4, p.67-77. 10 ref.
Work related mortality from gastro-intestinal diseases and alcohol among seafarers employed in British merchant shipping from 1939 to 2002
This study investigated work-related mortality from gastro-intestinal diseases and from alcohol among seafarers employed in British merchant shipping from 1939 to 2002. Among a population of 7.29 million seafarer-years at risk, there were 864 deaths from gastro-intestinal diseases and 72 from alcoholism. Overall mortality from gastro-intestinal diseases fell from 18.4 per 100,000 in 1939-49 to 9.3 in 1970-79 and 0.3 in 1990-2002. Mortality from alcoholism and from alcohol-related diseases such as liver cirrhosis and diseases of the pancreas increased up to the 1960s or 1970s, but fell thereafter. Sharp reductions in mortality from gastro-intestinal diseases and from alcoholism since the 1970s contrasts with increases among the general British population, and are largely because of the reductions in the British deep sea ship fleet in favour of flags of convenience, with consequent reductions in long voyages, as well as reductions in alcohol consumption among seafarers at work. Largely because of the healthy worker effect, seafarers were usually only at increased risks from particularly acute diseases.
International Maritime Health, 2005, Vol.56, No.1/4, p.29-47. Illus. 41 ref.
Chaumette P., et al.
Prevention of occupational hazards in fishing
La prévention des risques professionnels à la pêche [in French]
Proceedings of a conference on the prevention of occupational hazards in fishing at sea held in Nantes, France, on 17-18 March 2005. Papers cover issues concerning the fishing industry both in France and in other countries. Topics include: general aspects of occupational safety and health of fishermen; the informal sector in developing countries; illegal fishing; piracy; legal aspects; and conditions of work. Some papers are in English or Spanish.
Observatoire des droits des marins, Maison des sciences de l'homme "Ange-Guépin", 21 boulevard Gaston Doumergue, BP 76235-44262 Nantes Cedex 2, France, 2005. 275p. Illus. Bibl.ref. Price: EUR 10.00.
Video institucional [in Spanish]
CD-ROM containing several video clips on the activities of the Argentine union of dockers and rural workers (UATRE) and of its training and employment institute (ICE). Topics addressed: ICE programmes (literacy in rural areas, occupational safety and hygiene, training in politics and union matters); child labour (video clip and PowerPoint presentation); review of the highlights of the 14 years of existence of UATRE.
Unión Argentina de Trabajadores Rurales y Estibadores (UATRE), Reconquista 630, C1003ABN Buenos Aires, Argentina, ca 2005. CD-ROM.
Safety-culture in a Norwegian shipping company
Although there has been considerable interest in safety culture and safety climate in many industries, little attention has been given to safety culture in shipping. Using both original items and items from published research on safety culture, safety climate, and quality and management style, a 40-item safety culture questionnaire was developed and distributed to sailors onboard 20 vessels and to officers attending a safety seminar. A total of 349 questionnaires were collected (total response rate, 60%). Analysis of results confirmed previous research, showing differences in the perception of safety issues across nationalities, occupations and vessels.
Journal of Safety Research, 2005, Vol.36, No.5, p.441-458. Illus. 73 ref.
Jensen O.C., Sørensen J.F.L., Canals M.L., Hu Y.P., Nikolic N., Bloor M.
Subjective assessments of safety, exposure to chemicals and use of personal protection equipment in seafaring
A questionnaire study was carried out among seafarers in 11 countries during regular medical inspections. Data were collected on their assessments of safety on board, exposure to chemicals and use of personal protective equipment. Responses were obtained from 6461 subjects (response rate 93.7%). Eighty-two percent assessed the occupational safety on board to be very good. Fifty-five per cent of the seafarers were exposed to chemicals. Personal protective equipment for chemicals was used always or almost always among 93% of the exposed population. However, safety on board and use of personal protective equipment was assessed to be significantly different in some strata of the population and in specific work areas and types and sizes of ships.
Occupational Medicine, Sep. 2005, Vol.55, No.6, p.454-458. 10 ref.
Proposed consolidated maritime labour Convention: Frequently asked questions
Projet de convention du travail maritime consolidée: questions fréquentes [in French]
Proyecto de convenio refundido sobre el trabajo marítimo: preguntas frecuentes [in Spanish]
This brochure contains a series of questions and answers that are intended to provide a quick overview of the proposed maritime labour Convention for those unfamiliar with the new instrument. It highlights the novel features of the proposed Convention: minimum requirements for seafarers to work on a ship; conditions of employment; accommodation and welfare facilities; health protection and social security; and compliance and enforcement.
ILO Publications, International Labour Office, 1211 Genève 22, Switzerland, 2005.12p.
http://www.ilo.org/public/spanish/dialogue/sector/papers/maritime/consol-faq.pdf [in Spanish]
http://www.ilo.org/public/english/dialogue/sector/papers/maritime/consol-faq.pdf [in English]
http://www.ilo.org/public/french/dialogue/sector/papers/maritime/consol-faq.pdf [in French]
Report of the Director-General on developments in the maritime sector
Rapport du Directeur général sur l'évolution du secteur maritime [in French]
Memoria del Director General sobre la evolución del sector marítimo [in Spanish]
This report was submitted to the International Labour Conference (ILC) 94th (Maritime) Session, 7-23 February 2006 as background to discussions on the proposed consolidated maritime labour Convention. Topics covered: recent ILO activities in the maritime sector; technical cooperation and outreach activities undertaken by the ILO in connection with the promotion of maritime labour standards and decent work; ILO activities in connection with current issues and concerns in the maritime sector; and the ILO's maritime programme - a partnership for the future.
ILO Publications, International Labour Office, 1211 Genève 22, Switzerland, 2005. 49p. Illus.
http://www.ilo.org/public/spanish/standards/relm/ilc/ilc94/rep-ii.pdf [in Spanish]
http://www.ilo.org/public/english/standards/relm/ilc/ilc94/rep-ii.pdf [in English]
http://www.ilo.org/public/french/standards/relm/ilc/ilc94/rep-ii.pdf [in French]
Proposed consolidated maritime labour Convention
This report provides the text of the proposed consolidated maritime labour Convention for discussion at the International Labour Conference 94th (Maritime) Session, 7-23 February 2006. It includes explanatory notes for each of the proposed regulations and formats for a Maritime Labour Certificate and for a Declaration of Maritime Labour Compliance.
ILO Publications, International Labour Office, 1211 Genève 22, Switzerland, 2005. v, 104p.
http://www.ilo.org/public/spanish/standards/relm/ilc/ilc94/rep-i-1b.pdf [in Spanish]
http://www.ilo.org/public/french/standards/relm/ilc/ilc94/rep-i-1b.pdf [in French]
http://www.ilo.org/public/english/standards/relm/ilc/ilc94/rep-i-1b.pdf [in English]
Adoption of an instrument to consolidate maritime labour standards
Adoption d'un instrument consolidé regroupant les normes du travail maritime [in French]
Adopción de un instrumento para refundir las normas sobre el trabajo marítimo [in Spanish]
This report was prepared for the International Labour Conference (ILC) 94th (Maritime) Session, 7-23 February 2006. It provides an overview of the background to the proposed consolidated maritime labour Convention (see Report I (1B), CIS 06-864) and its expected impact along with detailed discussions of individual provisions. The proposed Convention would replace almost all of the more than 60 maritime Conventions and Recommendations adopted by the ILC since 1920.
ILO Publications, International Labour Office, 1211 Genève 22, Switzerland, 2005. iii, 88p.
http://www.ilo.org/public/spanish/standards/relm/ilc/ilc94/rep-i-1a.pdf [in Spanish]
http://www.ilo.org/public/english/standards/relm/ilc/ilc94/rep-i-1a.pdf [in English]
http://www.ilo.org/public/french/standards/relm/ilc/ilc94/rep-i-1a.pdf [in French]
Lu C. S., Shang K. C.
An empirical investigation of safety climate in container terminal operations
This study investigated the crucial dimensions of safety climate in a container terminal in Taiwan and classified workers into various groups according to their safety perceptions. Seven safety climate dimensions were identified: supervisor safety; job safety; co-worker safety; safety management; safety training; safety rules and special safety training; job pressure. Cluster analysis revealed that that safety training and management oriented terminal operators have the best safety performance, followed by safety management oriented terminal operators, job safety and supervisor safety oriented terminal operators, and co-worker safety oriented terminal operators. Theoretical and practical implications of the research findings are discussed.
Journal of Safety Research, 2005, Vol. 36, No. 3, p. 297-308. Illus. 47 ref.
Medical examinations of seafarers and training for medical doctors in maritime health
Los reconocimientos médicos de los trabajadores del mar y la capacitación de los facultativos en el ámbito de la salud marítima [in Spanish]
According to international laws and directives, physicians responsible for evaluating the work aptitude of seafarers are required to have undergone training in maritime medicine. In particular, they need to know about international laws and regulations, work and life on board ship, requirements with respect to health, safety and training for work on board, procedures for medical examinations, maritime medicine ethics and the procedure for risk assessment in the event of seafarer disease. Despite the enactment of conventions, recommendations or directives by various international bodies (ILO, WHO and IMO) and the EU, regulations often differ from country to country. International cooperation in the training of these medical practitioners would allow a reduction in the disparities currently observed with respect to medical examinations and the criteria applied for evaluating aptitude.
Medicina Marítima, June 2005, Vol.5, No.1, p.61-69. Illus. 9 ref.
Iglesias Baniela S., Louzán Lago F., Melón Rodríguez E.
The human factor and its influence on maritime safety
El factor humano y su influencia en la seguridad marítima [in Spanish]
Based on an analysis of a number of maritime accidents, this article examines the influence of human factors on maritime safety. It defines types of human error and describes the interaction of humans, technology, the environment and organizational factors in the maritime system. Human factors that are relevant to maritime safety are highlighted: fatigue; inappropriate communication channels; poor technical knowledge in general; poor knowledge of ship systems; poor design of on-board automation; decisions taken on the basis of inappropriate or insufficient information; lack of standards, policies or practices; insufficient maintenance; lack of consciousness of the dangerous nature of the marine environment.
Medicina Marítima, June 2005, Vol.5, No.1, p.41-49. Illus. 9 ref.
Proposed consolidated maritime labour Convention 2006
Projet de convention du travail maritime consolidée 2006 [in French]
Proyecto de convenio refundido sobre el trabajo marítimo 2006 [in Spanish]
This CD-ROM provides the text of the Proposed consolidated maritime labour Convention 2006 along with an overview of the work of the ILO in the maritime sector, the reasons for changing current maritime standards and the purpose and advantages of the proposed Convention. It includes a report on the background to the proposed Convention and its expected impact, a report by the ILO Director-General on developments in the maritime sector and interviews with people involved in the development of the Convention. There are also several photographs of seafarers at work.
ILO Publications, International Labour Office, 1211 Genève 22, Switzerland, 2005. CD-ROM.
Maritime safety 2004
Sicherheit auf See 2004 [in German]
Report on maritime safety 2004 by the See-Berufsgenossenschaft (See-BG, Maritime Mutual Accident Insurance). Contents: 1. Accident prevention: occupational accidents (2267 in 2004 compared to 2452 in 2003); breakdown of statistics by type of accident: fatal accidents (5 in 2004 against 3 in 2003); causes of accidents; accidents among young workers; occupational diseases; specific hazards; safety training; safety campaign for the prevention of slips, trips and falls. 2. Ship safety (breakdown of inspections by country). 3. Health service: medical fitness examinations; measurement of dangerous substances. In annex: useful addresses, directives, publications, notices, inspections, statistical tables of occupational accidents.
See-Berufsgenossenschaft, Reimerstwiete 2, 20457 Hamburg, Germany, 2005. 97p. Illus.
http://www.see-bg.de/schiffssicherheit/downloads/Sicherheit_auf_See_2004_final.pdf [in German]
International Convention for the Safety of Life at Sea (SOLAS), 1974 [amended to 2005]
Internet page dedicated to the detailed description of the SOLAS Convention, which, in its successive forms, is generally regarded as the most important of all international treaties concerning the safety of merchant ships. The first version was adopted in 1914. The Convention currently in force is referred to as SOLAS 1974, as amended. It includes chapters on: ship construction and installations; fire protection; life-saving arrangements; radio communications; safety of navigation; carriage of cargoes and dangerous goods; nuclear ships; management for the safe operation of ships; safety measures for high-speed craft; special measures to enhance maritime safety and security; additional safety measures for bulk carriers.
International Maritime Organization, 4 Albert Embankment, London SE1 7SR, United Kingdom, 1974 (with amendments to 2005).
http://www.imo.org/includes/blast_bindoc.asp?doc_id=1041&format=PDF [in French]
http://www.imo.org/Conventions/contents.asp?topic_id=257&doc_id=647#decription [in English]
Powerpoint presentation on maritime social security in Germany
Power-Point-Vortrag über die See-Sozialversicherung [in German]
This Powerpoint presentation describes maritime social security in Germany and the structure of the See-Berufsgenossenschaft (See-BG - Maritime Mutual Accident Insurance). Seafarers' social security and ship safety comprise the following departments: accident insurance; seafarers' fund; maritime health insurance; maritime medical service (responsible for the medical assessment of seafarers); maritime social security; ship safety (responsible for the inspection of life-saving and fire-fighting measures); crew training; management of international safety (ISM Code - International Safety Management); port control; and the Maritime Alliance (seafarer training).
See-Berufsgenossenschaft, Reimerstwiete 2, 20457 Hamburg, Germany, 2005. CD-ROM.
Safety and health in ports. ILO code of practice
Sécurité et santé dans les ports. Recueil de directives pratiques du BIT [in French]
Seguridad y salud en los puertos. Repertorio de recomendaciones prácticas de la OIT [in Spanish]
This code of practice provides guidance to ILO constituents and all those involved in the management, operation, maintenance and development of ports. Contents: general provisions (responsibilities, safety and health management, training); port infrastructure, plant and equipment; safe use of lifting appliances and loose gear; operations on shore and afloat; handling dangerous goods; health hazards and occupational health services; personnel welfare facilities; emergency arrangements. Replaces CIS 79-834 and CIS 76-309.
ILO Publications, International Labour Office, 1211 Genève 22, Switzerland, 2005. xxxii, 496p. Illus. 64 ref. Price: CHF 40.00.
http://www.ilo.org/public/english/protection/safework/cops/french/download/f_ports.pdf [in French]
http://www.ilo.org/public/spanish/dialogue/sector/techmeet/messhp03/messhp-cp-b.pdf [in Spanish]
http://www.ilo.org/public/english/protection/safework/cops/english/download/e_ports.pdf [in English]
Port safety and health audit manual
The aim of this manual is to help appointed independent and trained auditors in the following areas: to identify strengths, weaknesses and gaps in national and port regulations and policies with regard to safety and health, enforcement, monitoring and reporting, facilities and services, and human resource training and development; to complete a comprehensive audit report, detailing any non-conformities detected; and to prepare a proposed action plan for the management to rectify detected nonconformities. An audit checklist is provided for each of three ILO instruments: the Occupational Safety and Health (Dock Work) Convention, 1979, the Occupational Safety and Health (Dock Work) Recommendation, 1979 and the ILO Code of Practice on Safety and Health in Ports (2005).
ILO Publications, International Labour Office, 1211 Genève 22, Switzerland, 2005. 232p. Illus. 18 ref.
http://www.ilo.org/public/english/dialogue/sector/papers/maritime/ports-safety-health-manual.pdf [in English]
Measures to counter piracy, armed robbery and other acts of violence against merchant shipping
This guidance note brings to the attention of ship owners and operators the risk of acts of piracy or armed robbery at sea and outlines steps to reduce the risk of such attacks and possible responses to them. Recent trends in this type of attack are reviewed and locations and methods of attack are described along with factors encouraging or favouring attackers. Recommended practices relate to the preparation of a ship counter-piracy plan, precautions at anchor or in port, watch-keeping and vigilance, ship communications, adequate lighting, evasive manoeuvring and action to take after an attack and reporting of incidents.
The Maritime and Coastguard Agency, Spring Place, 105 Commercial Road, Southampton SO15 1EG, United Kingdom, Oct. 2005. 24p.
http://www.mcga.gov.uk/c4mca/mcga-mld-page.htm?textobjid=6B11C41CA46FF069 [in English]
Maritime and Coastguard Agency
Code of safe working practices for merchant seamen
This Code is intended primarily for merchant seamen on United Kingdom registered vessels. It covers: safety responsibilities and shipboard management (risk assessment, health surveillance, safety officials, personal protective equipment, safety signs, means of access and safe movement, work equipment); personal health and safety; work activities (safe systems of work, permit to work systems, work in confined spaces, materials handling, use of work equipment, hot work); work on specialist ships.
The Stationery Office (TSO), PO Box 29, Norwich NR3 1GN, United Kingdom, Apr. 2005. 443p. (official electronic version). Price: GBP 19.99.
http://www.mcga.gov.uk/c4mca/coswp_2005.pdf [in English]
Ferreira M., Le Roy A., Laine P.
Materials handling in ports: Institutional framework and relevant regulations
Les manutentions portuaires. Paysage institutionnel et réglementation applicable [in French]
This guide describes the hazards associated with the handling of different types of material in ports and provides guidance on safety and health measures. Contents: the work environment (movement of plant and equipment on the dockside, safe workplace access, adequate lighting, fire protection); selection of appropriate handling methods according to the type of material to be lifted; correct use of handling and lifting equipment; safety training and information of personnel; use of external contractors.
Institut national de recherche et de sécurité, 30 rue Olivier-Noyer, 75680 Paris Cedex 14, France, June 2005. 64p. Illus.
http://www.inrs.fr/inrs-pub/inrs01.nsf/inrs01_search_view_view/7D4ED55772AB186DC1257076002AB040/$FILE/ed943.pdf [in French]
The seafarers' medical service
Le service de santé des gens de mer [in French]
Information sheet on the organization of the French national medical service for sailors and other people in maritime occupations. The service is involved in: aptitude tests; medical inspection of ships registered in France; health-related training in French maritime colleges; participation on on-board OSH committees. A special supplement concerns advice on how to avoid infection with avian influenza. Also covered are: history of the service; organization, mission and activities of the service; statistics on maritime accidents.
Direction des affaires maritimes et des gens de mer (DAM), Paris, France, [c2005]. Internet document, several pages.
http://www.mer.gouv.fr/hommes/05_medical/01_ssgm/liste_pages.htm [in French]
Roberts S.E., Marlow P.B.
Traumatic work-related mortality among seafarers employed in British merchant shipping, 1976-2002
This longitudinal study of occupational mortality was carried out to establish the causes and circumstances of all traumatic work-related deaths among seafarers employed in British merchant shipping from 1976 to 2002. Data were based on official mortality files and a population of 1,136,427 seafarer-years at risk. Of 835 traumatic work related deaths, 564 were caused by accidents, 55 by suicide, 17 by homicide and 14 by drug or alcohol poisoning. 178 seafarers disappeared at sea or were found drowned. The mortality rate for accidents that occurred at the workplace from 1976 to 2002, 46.6 per 100,000 seafarer-years, was 27.8 times higher than in the general workforce in the United Kingdom during the same time period. The fatal accident rate declined sharply after the 1970s, but the relative risk of a fatal accident remained high (16.0 times higher in the 1996-2002 period).
Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Mar. 2005, Vol.62, No.3, p.172-180. Illus. 39 ref.
Jensen O.C., Sørensen J.F.L., Canals M.L., Hu Y., Nikolic N., Mozer A.A.
Non-fatal occupational injuries related to slips, trips and falls in seafaring
The aim of this study was to describe the risk factors involved in slip, trip and fall (STF) injuries in merchant seafaring, in order to point out areas for prevention. A questionnaire survey was carried out in 11 countries with 6461 participants. The seafarers provided information on whether they were injured during their latest tour of duty, and whether the injury was STF-related. Of the total reported injuries, 467 (43%) were STF-related. Fractures and sprains accounted for 42% of the STF injuries compared with 17% for non-STF injuries. The proportions of STF injuries for different types of ships and areas of the ships varied from <30% to >60%. On passenger ship decks, STF injuries were >60%. The proportions of STF injuries increase by age and by severity of the injury. There is a need for improvements in defining, reporting and preventing STF injuries in merchant seafaring.
American Journal of Industrial Medicine, Feb. 2005, Vol.47, No.2, p.161-171. Illus. 28 ref.
Ministério do Trabalho e Emprego
Workers' magazine: NR-29 Comfort at work - NR-29 SESSTP and CPATP
Revista do trabalhador: NR-29 Conforto nos locais de trabalho - NR-29 SESSTP e CPATP [in Portuguese]
The first of these two videotapes examines the heavy physical work and other hazards to which dock workers are exposed and highlights the need for measures to ensure workplace comfort. The second describes the activities of the Brazilian port workers' health and safety service (SESSTP - Serviço Especializado de Segurança e Saúde do Trabalho Portuário) and the commission for the prevention of accidents in ports (CPATP - Comissão de Prevenção de Acidentes no Trabalho Portuário).
Fundacentro, Rua Capote Valente 710, São Paulo, SP 05409-002, Brazil, [ca 2004]. Two videotapes (VHS format), 11min and 13min.
Ministério do Trabalho e Emprego
Workers' magazine: NR-29 Risks of container operations
Revista do trabalhador: NR-29 Riscos nas operaçoes com contêineres [in Portuguese]
This videotape is based on Standard NR-29 which sets out measures for the prevention of accidents during container operations.
Fundacentro, Rua Capote Valente 710, São Paulo, SP 05409-002, Brazil, [ca 2004]. Videotape (VHS format), 16min.
Ministério do Trabalho e Emprego
Workers' magazine: NR-29 Work in ports - OSH responsibilities
Revista do trabalhador: NR-29 O trabalho portuário - Responsabilidades em SST [in Portuguese]
This videotape describes legal and technical aspects of the development of port activities and explains the legal responsibilities of port operators in respect of the safety and health of port workers.
Fundacentro, Rua Capote Valente 710, São Paulo, SP 05409-002, Brazil, [ca. 2004]. Videotape (VHS format), 16min.
Jégaden D., Dewitte J.D., Loddé B.
Maritime medicine in France
La médecine maritime en France [in French]
French translation of an article abstracted under CIS 06-67. The article describes the development and current organization of maritime medicine in France. It includes reviews of the functions of the Health Services of Seafarers (Service de Santé des Gens de Mer), the Army Health Service (Service de Santé des Armées), Maritime Health Centres located along the coast of France and the Centre for Maritime Medical Consultations in Toulouse, which provides assistance to ships at sea. Training and certification requirements for maritime medicine are outlined, focusing on the training curriculum of the University of Brest. Research institutes include the Laboratoire d'Ergonomie et Sécurité des Activités Maritimes). The Society of Maritime Medicine (Société Française de Médecine Maritime) aims to promote the teaching of maritime medicine.
La Société Française de Médecine Maritime, Faculté de médecine, Université de Bretagne Occidentale, 22 avenue Camille Desmoulins CS 93837, 29238 Brest, Cedex 3, France, 2004. 4p.
Jégaden D, Canals M.L.
Toxicological hazards on board ships: Pathologies
Riesgos toxicológicos a bordo de los navíos: patología [in Spanish]
Risques toxicologiques à bord des navires: pathologies [in French]
This article describes toxicological hazards related to dangerous substances carried on board ships and in ports. Contents: sea transport of chemicals; toxicology of petroleum products; poisoning by gas or smoke; hazards related to the transportation of products other than petroleum derivatives; hazards related to products used on board.
Medicina Marítima, Dec. 2004, Vol.4, No.2, p.124-143. Illus. 36 ref.
Aschan C., Hirvonen M., Mannelin T., Rajamäki E.
Assessment of slip resistance of lumber wraps during frosty winter conditions
The aim of this project was to reduce the risk of accidents during the loading and unloading lumber bundles by developing a measurement method to estimate the slipperiness of lumber wraps and by determining the slip resistance values required for safe working. The slip resistance of lumber wraps was assessed in laboratory walking tests and showed significant correlation with results of the proposed measurement method. Based on the results, the limit value for the dynamic coefficient of friction of the frost-covered lumber wraps was recommended to be ≥0.30. The method may be used to estimate the slipperiness of existing lumber wraps and in the development of new, safer products.
International Journal of Industrial Ergonomics, Feb. 2004, Vol.33, No.2, p.149-157. Illus. 23 ref.
Darbra R.M., Casal J.
Historical analysis of accidents in seaports
A total of 471 seaport accidents occurring between 1900 and 2002 were identified from databases and analysed. The results show a significant increase in the frequency of accidents over time: 83% of the accidents occurred in the last 20 years and 59% in the past decade. The most frequent accidents were releases (51%), followed by fires (29%), explosions (17%) and gas clouds (3%). More than half the accidents occurred during transport. Loading and unloading operations, storage and process plants also made a large contribution to the total. The various causes of the accidents were analysed, together with the type of substance involved and the consequences for the population (number of persons killed, injured and evacuated). The need to improve certain safety measures in ports is highlighted.
Safety Science, Feb. 2004, Vol.42, No.2, p.85-98. Illus. 7 ref.
Hazards for crews: Maritime accidents involving bulk carriers - In the shadow of spectacular tanker accidents
Risiko für Besatzungen: Seeunfälle mit Bulkcarriern - im Schatten der spektakulären Tankerunfälle [in German]
This article reviews the causes of tanker accidents and examines serious accidents involving bulk-carriers during the last 20 years that have cost the lives of over 2000 seamen. Identified causes include the use of damaged vessels and their non-adaptation to the cargo. In the event of an accident, tankers cause primarily environmental damage while bulk-carrier accidents result in human injury. The risks for bulk-carrier crews are five times greater than on tankers. Given the accident rate in this sector, the maritime profession has lost much of its prestige and it is difficult to ensure its resurgence in the European Union. The reduction of accident hazards among seafarers should become a priority. It is essential to have seaworthy vessels and to impose a system of surveillance from the construction stage.
Schiff und Hafen, 2004, No.2, p. 59-60.
Böcker T., Ruhnke G.
Danger on board
Gefahr an Bord [in German]
In order to prevent damage to goods and injury to people on board ships, the implementation of the IMDG code for the transport of dangerous goods by sea has been made mandatory as from 1January 2004. The transport of dangerous substances on roll-on roll-off ships in the Baltic Sea is regulated by the Paris Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) (Riga 2002 version), a multilateral agreement among countries bordering the Baltic Sea. Details are given of the differences between these two texts in provisions relating to the storage and separation of dangerous substances. It is questioned whether it is relevant, from the point of view of maritime safety, to continue to apply the provisions of the MoU to roll-on roll-off ships transporting dangerous substances in the Baltic region.
Gefährliche Ladung, 2004, No.5, p.10-11. Illus.
Psychosocial hazards and seafarer health: Priorities for research and practice
This article explores the changing nature of work and the emergence and prevalence of psychosocial hazards. Effects on worker health are examined, focusing on the issue of work-related stress, and the effects of these hazards on seafarer health are investigated in the light of current working conditions in the maritime sector. Recommendations are made for future research and practice.
International Maritime Health, 2004, Vol.55, No.1/4, p.137-153. 73 ref.
Jégaden D., Dewitte J.D., Loddé B.
Maritime medicine in France
This article describes the development and current organization of maritime medicine in France. It includes reviews of the functions of the Health Services of Seafarers (Service de Santé des Gens de Mer), the Army Health Service (Service de Santé des Armées), Maritime Health Centres located along the coast of France and the Centre for Maritime Medical Consultations in Toulouse, which provides assistance to ships at sea. Training and certification requirements for maritime medicine are outlined, focusing on the training curriculum of the University of Brest. Research institutes include the Laboratoire d'Ergonomie et Sécurité des Activités Maritimes). The Society of Maritime Medicine (Société Française de Médecine Maritime) aims to promote the teaching of maritime medicine.
International Maritime Health, 2004, Vol.55, No.1/4. p.131-136. 10 ref.
Nguyen S.T., Quynh C.T.
Diseases of seafarers in Vietnam: Preliminary report
This article describes the results of a survey of the prevalence of diseases among Vietnamese seafarers in 2000-2001. Medical examinations were carried out in a group of 450 seafarers and in a control group of 650 shore workers. Noise levels were also measured on 152 ships in port and 144 ships at sea. Compared to the control group, the seafarers recorded more cases of mental and behavioural disorders and diseases of the digestive system. Shore workers recorded more cases of diseases of the eyes and of the genitourinary system. High noise levels were recorded and individual hearing protection was lacking. Noise was considered to be an important work-related exposure for these seafarers.
International Maritime Health, 2004, Vol.55, No.1/4, p.53-59. 10 ref.
Hisamune S., Ehara M., Muramatsu S., Sano Y., Shoda M., Kawashima H.
Overview of the diseases incidence among seafarers in Japan in 1968-2000: General trends
This article analyses data on the number of diseases resulting in a loss of working time of three days or more and serious diseases resulting in death among seafarers employed on Japanese merchant ships, fishing vessels and other types of ships between 1986 and 2000. Over 50,000 such cases were recorded. Results indicate that regardless of the type of vessel, the work performed and age, the disease incidence rate decreased during the 15-year period, although the rate was still higher than in the general Japanese working population. It is recommended that preventive interventions should be directed at positive changes in seamen's lifestyle along with first aid training and the provision of basic health services on board ship.
International Maritime Health, 2004, Vol.55, No.1/4, p.31-38. Illus. 8 ref.
Dealing with gastrointestinal illness on a cruise ship - Part 1: Description of sanitation measures. Part 2: An isolation study
Reports of outbreaks of gastrointestinal illness (GI) during 17 cruises of a ship with an average of 590 passengers and 611 crew per day were reviewed. During a 250-day period, there were 78 reportable GI cases among the passengers and 49 among the crew; a total of 207 people were isolated. Sanitation measures are described, including the isolation of GI cases and their asymptomatic contacts. It was concluded that a detailed operational directive concerning all aspects of sanitation should be made available for the prevention and control of GI outbreaks on ships.
International Maritime Health, 2004, Vol.55, No.1/4. p.19-29. 6 ref.
Small commercial vessel safety guide
Guide de sécurité des petits bâtiments commerciaux [in French]
This safety guide is aimed at owners and operators of small commercial vessels (a vessel no larger than 15 tons gross tonnage, that is not a fishing vessel or a pleasure craft). Contents includes: registration and certification procedures; vessel construction standards; safety equipment (life saving equipment, fire safety, distress alert equipment); emergency procedures; avoiding emergencies; vessel stability; navigation equipment; safe working and operational practices; accident reporting; inspection.
Marine Safety Directorate, Transport Canada, Ottawa, Ontario K1A 0N8, Canada, 2004. 107p. Illus.
http://www.tc.gc.ca/securitemaritime/TP/tp14070/tp14070f.pdf [in French]
http://www.tc.gc.ca/MarineSafety/TP/Tp14070/tp14070e.pdf [in English]
Annual Report of the See-Berufsgenossenschaft 2004
See-Berufsgenossenschaft Verwaltungsbericht 2004 [in German]
Report of activities 2004 of the See-Berufsgenossenschaft (See-BG, Mutual Accident Insurance for the Maritime Sector). Contents: management; numbers insured, contributions; accident insurance, including occupational and commuting accidents, occupational diseases, benefits, retirement pensions, rehabilitation; health insurance; seafarers' fund; seafarers' medical service. Annexes include: budgets of the See-BG, the seafarers' fund, the maritime fund and the maritime health insurance fund.
See-Berufsgenossenschaft, Reimerstwiete 2, 20457 Hamburg, Germany, 2004. 78p. Illus.
http://www.see-bg.de/ueberuns/selbstverwaltung/downlads/verwaltungsbericht_2004_final.pdf [in German]
International Maritime Dangerous Goods (IMDG) Code
Internet page dedicated to the detailed description of the International Maritime Dangerous Goods (IMDG) Code, which was developed as a uniform international code for the transport of dangerous goods by sea. It covers: classification of dangerous substances; packing and tank provisions; consignment procedures; construction and testing of packagings, portable tanks and road tank vehicles; transport operations. A supplement contains information on related topics, including medical first aid, reporting procedures and the safe use of pesticides. The IMDG Code is mandatory as from 1 January 2004.
International Maritime Organization, 4 Albert Embankment, London SE1 7SR, United Kingdom, 2004.
http://www.imo.org/Safety/mainframe.asp?topic_id=158 [in English]
http://www.storck-verlag.de/download/imdg/imdg_pdf.htm [in German]
Maritime occupational accidents and diseases: Report and statistics 2004
Accidents et maladies professionnelles du travail maritime. Rapport et statistiques 2004 [in French]
This report analyses statistics on occupational maritime accidents and diseases in France in 2004. Statistics on accidents are given by type of activity (shellfish farming, port services, merchant shipping, fishing), by the site of the accident (at sea or in port) and by the bodily location of the injury. Trends from 1997 are also analysed. Statistics on occupational diseases in the maritime sector are given by type of disease.
Direction de Affaires maritimes et des Gens de mer, Service de Santé des gens de mer, 3 place de Fontenoy, 75700 Paris 07, France, 2004. 30p. Illus.
http://www.mer.gouv.fr/enim/presentation/evenements/rencontre_europeenne_oct_2005/fichiers/stats_accidents_maladies_pro_travail_maritime_2004.pdf [in French]
Vessel design considerations for stevedore safety
This safety guide identifies the hazards and difficulties involved in container lashing operations on board ships and offers possible solutions. Topics covered include: hatch covers and access to work stations; lashing gear and planning; design of lashing platforms; safety barriers; design of fixed ladders. Legal considerations in the United Kingdom and Europe are outlined.
Port Skills and Safety Ltd., Africa House, 64-78 Kingsway, London, WC2B 6AH, United Kingdom, 2004. 17p. Illus. 26 ref.
http://www.saferports.org.uk/assets/RIS6.pdf [in English]
Safer Ports Initiative: Guide to preventing slips, trips and falls
This guidance note provides practical advice on the prevention of slips, trips and falls in ports. The need for a risk assessment is outlined and potential causes of slips, trips and falls are listed along with control measures. These guidelines are also relevant to work on ships.
Port Skills and Safety Ltd., Africa House, 64-78 Kingsway, London, WC2B 6AH, United Kingdom, 2004. 4p. 8 ref.
http://www.saferports.org.uk/assets/PSS_Safer_Ports_Slips_and_Trips_PDF.pdf [in English]
Maritime safety: Evaluation of hazards and the effectiveness of safety systems
Sécurité de la navigation maritime: Evaluation des risques et de l'efficacité des systèmes [in French]
This document comprises eight papers which explore the evaluation of maritime hazards and the effectiveness of current safety measures. Topics covered include: a risk management tool by the International Association of Marine Aids to Navigation and Lighthouse Authorities (IALA); European Union projects for maritime information systems and vessel monitoring; collision prevention systems; hazards associated with high-speed ships; rescue operations of "Les Abeilles International"; and refuge zones for ships in difficulty.
Centre d'Etudes Techniques Maritimes et Fluviales (CETMEF), 2 Boulevard Gambetta, BP 60039, 60321 Compiegne Cedex, France, 2004. 54p. Illus. Bibl.ref.
http://www.cetmef.equipement.gouv.fr/publications/jt/2004/jst04_ThA.pdf [in French]
Work-related homicides among seafarers and fishermen
The objective of this study was to analyse homicide cases among seafarers and fishermen during the period 1976-2002. Data ware based on official mortality files, with an aggregate population of almost two million man-years of seafarers and fishermen at risk. Of 46 work-related homicides, 44 occurred among seafarers and two among fishermen. The homicide rate in British shipping increased from 2.7 per 100,000 man-years in 1961-65 to 4.4 per 100,000 in 1971-75, but declined to zero in 1996-2002. Work related homicides were rare among British seafarers and fishermen and were largely caused by attacks from assailants onshore. The decline in the homicide rate in British shipping since the 1970s coincided with a reduction in trade with countries at high risk for homicide. Among Asian seafarers, most homicides resulted from disputes among colleagues that mainly occurred on board ships.
International Maritime Health, 2004, Vol.55, No.1/4, p.7-18. 33 ref.
European Agreement concerning the international carriage of dangerous goods by inland waterways (ADN) [United Nations]
Evropejskoe soglašenie o meždunarodnoj perevozke opasnyh gruzov po vnutrennim vodnym putjam (VOPOG) [in Russian]
Accord européen relatif au transport international des marchandises dangereuses par voies de navigation intérieure(ADN) [Nations Unies] [in French]
This two-volume set provides the text of the 23 Articles of the Agreement and the updated Regulations adopted for implementation as from 1 January 2005. The Regulations cover: general provisions; classification of dangerous substances and test methods; dangerous goods lists; the use of packagings, tanks and bulk transport units; consignment procedures; construction and testing of packagings; loading and unloading; provisions for vessel crews and equipment; and rules for construction of vessels. Replaces the previous edition (CIS 03-1019).
United Nations Publications, 1221 Genève 10, Switzerland, 2004. xxxv, 425p. (Vol.I); v, 505p. (Vol.II). Illus.
http://www.unece.org/trans/danger/adnreg2005.html [in English]
Jensen O.C., Laursen F.V., Sørensen J.F.L.
International surveillance of seafarers' health and working environment - A pilot study. Feasibility and degree of completion of questionnaires
Vigilancia internacional de la salud y del entorno laboral de los marineros - Un estudio piloto - Viabilidad y grado de compleción de los cuestionarios [in Spanish]
The aim of this cross-sectional study was to assess whether questionnaires distributed by marine health services could be used for the surveillance of problems related to the working environment and occupational hazards of seafarers. It was based on questionnaires addressing issues of the working environment and working conditions. The marine medical services of five countries distributed 1119 questionnaires, of which 1068 were returned. The degree of completeness of the responses ranged between 92% and 100%. A second test was carried out in three countries to assess the reliability of the responses, which was found to range between 94% and 100%. It is concluded that this method can be used to assess the health and working conditions of seafarers.
Medicina Marítima, June 2004, Vol.4, No.1, p.71-82. 10 ref.
Castelo Tarrío I., de la Flor Magdalena B., Gil Martín F.J., Pelaez Corre N., Martín Alonso J.L., Castaños Urkullu A.
Coordination of emergency services in aquatic environments
Coordinación de emergencias en medio acuático [in Spanish]
Based on an analysis of emergency interventions in aquatic environments during 2002, this study presents the emergency procedures adopted in the Autonomous Community of the Spanish Basque Country. Explains how coordination is effected among the various services involved in the event of accidents, including ambulances, medical services, rescue operations, firefighters and police forces.
Medicina Marítima, June 2004, Vol.4, No.1, p.63-70. Illus. 17 ref.
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