Water transportation - 485 entries found
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Loading and unloading of dangerous goods
Lasting og lossing av farlig gods [in Norwegian]
Guidelines for the safe handling of dangerous substances on board ships: employers' duties; informing dockworkers about hazards and supplying personal protective equipment; organisation of loading and unloading; rules for handling substances with an unknown or very high degree of hazard; fire and explosion hazards; care in handling; loading and unloading equipment; elimination of spills; oxidation and polymerisation hazards; prohibition of open flames, smoking and eating; first aid rules. A compilation of Norwegian and international regulations governing the transport of dangerous goods is appended.
Veiledning nr.5, Directorate of Labour Inspection (Direktoratet for arbeidstilsynet), Postboks 8103, Oslo-Dep., Norway, May 1974. 6p. Gratis.
Coret L., Van de Hoek C., Vroege D.
Carbon monoxide problems when unloading car ferries
Koolmonoxyde-problemen bij het lossen van autoschepen [in Dutch]
Results of carbon monoxide monitoring carried out on 5 car ferries. CO concentrations in the ship holds occasionally exceeded the TLV of 50ppm and reached 200 and 250ppm on ships with inadequate ventilation. The carboxyhaemoglobin levels determined in 89 dock workers were proportional to the CO concentrations and reached 12.6% in one case. Smoking during working hours had a noticeable influence on carboxyhaemoglobin levels. Carbon monoxide would not be a problem on car ferries if ventilation were adequate and if car queuing were avoided.
Tijdschrift voor sociale geneeskunde, 14 June 1974, Vol.52, No.12, p.427-431. Illus.
Safe handling of dangerous substances in ports - General
Veilige behandeling gevaarlijke stoffen in de haven - Algemeen [in Dutch]
Review of the principal Dutch and international regulations governing the transport of hazardous goods, which are classified in 3 groups according to their nature and degree of hazard: group I - very hazardous substances; group II - combustible substances with special properties; group III - moderately hazardous substances. In group II a letter indicates whether the listed substances are corrosive or toxic. A list of danger symbols for labelling dangerous substances is appended.
P no 88, Labour Inspectorate, Directorate General of Labour (Arbeidsinspectie, Directoraat-Generaal van de Arbeid), Postbus 69, Voorburg, Netherlands, 2nd edition, 1974. 10p. Illus. Price: Glds.0.50.
Illuminating Engineering Society, New York, July 1973.
Recommended practice for marine lighting.
This data sheet contains lighting recommendations for the principal parts of merchant ships. Seeing tasks are defined and illumination levels for tasks in the living, recreation, service, navigating, and operating areas are listed. Individual chapters deal with the objectives of shipboard lighting, selection of light sources, lighting distribution systems and lighting design with examples for interior and exterior lighting. An annex gives rules for maintenance of the lighting system.
Journal of the Illuminating Engineering Society, July 1974, Vol.3, No.4, p.397-410. Illus.
Ministry of Shipping (Ministerstwo żeglugi), Warszawa.
Order of 28 Sep. 1973 concerning technical conditions for occupational safety and health and the conditions for hygiene and accommodation on board seagoing merchant vessels
Rozporządzenie z dnia 28 września 1973 r. w sprawie technicznych warunków bezpieczeństwa i higieny pracy oraz warunków sanitarno-bytowych na morskich statkach handlowych [in Polish]
This order, which entered into force on 6 Oct. 1973, deals with the equipment of new ships and reconversion of old ships in accordance with general safety and health principles. Plans for new ships or for rebuilding old ships must be approved by the competent safety and health authorities.
Dziennik Ustaw, 6 Oct. 1973, No.40, p.448.
Safety in unloading sulfuric acid from barges
La sécurité dans le déchargement des péniches d'acide sulfurique. [in French]
After some brief remarks on the hazards of sulfuric acid, the author stresses the importance of the safety equipment: the hose between the receiving pipe from the factory and the barge must be flexible enough to take up the latter's movements (pitching, rising as emptying progresses); the fixed pipe may be rigid but must have a minimum of bends, valves and connections, and it is essential to provide a protective cover over joints between hose and valve sockets; the tanks must be protected by an overflow device, or an audible or optical alarm system. The technical safety measures must be completed by personal protective equipment and staff training.
Prévention et sécurité du travail, 3rd quarter 1973, No.97, p.26-33. Illus. 3 ref.
Conditions of work and morbidity among dock workers
Uslovija truda i zabolevaemost' portovyh rabočih [in Russian]
Results of a survey carried out in several USSR ports on about 2,500 workers engaged in loading or unloading products in bags, crates or in bulk (shovelling): dust concentrations and silica content found at workposts; sickness absenteeism (35% of the cases were attributed to respiratory disorders); relationship between temporary disability and amount of dust; locomotor and peripheral nervous system disorders (radiculitis, neuralgia); temporary disability because of accident, broken down by age and length of service. The mechanisation of dock handling and the modernisation of piers are recommended.
Gigiena truda i professional'nye zabolevanija, Oct. 1973, No.10, p.12-15. Illus. 9 ref.
Conference proceedings on bulk transportation of hazardous materials by water in the future - A long-range forecast.
Papers presented at a conference (College Park, Maryland, USA, 9-10 July 1973) convened to identify approaches, trends and techniques, to the year 2000, in transportation of hazardous materials by sea and by inland waterways in the USA. Petroleum, petroleum products and chemicals are dealt with in particular. The forecasts attempted are designed to assist the U.S. Coast Guard in long-range planning for the development of safer systems of water transport. They cover world shipping, types of vessel, control systems to reduce hazards, and docking and storage problems. 2 papers relate to rail and road transportation.
Committee on Hazardous Materials, National Academy of Sciences, 2101 Constitution Avenue, Washington, D.C. 20418, USA, 1973. 278p. Illus. 55 ref.
Handbook on dangerous goods
Handbuch der gefährlichen Güter [in German]
This new instalment comprises separate data sheets on 202 additional hazardous substances. The new alphabetical index, which covers the 1st and 2nd instalments, contains the common names and synonyms of 414 substances in English, French and German. Apart from the formula and names of the substance, each data sheet provides information on the following points: physical properties; international regulations relating to transport by water, rail, road and air; appearance and smell; hazards related to the release of the substances and to their mixing with the atmosphere and water; health hazards and maximum allowable concentrations; safety measures to be taken in the danger zone in case of incident; first aid; medical notes. A graphic symbol called the "danger diamond" (diamond shape indicating the fire, explosion and health hazards) provides quick information on the degree of hazard for a given substance. A list of indicator tubes and lists of competent centres and hospitals for treating cases of poisoning and burns are appended.
Springer Verlag, Heidelberger Platz 3, 1 Berlin 33 (Westsektoren), 2nd instalment, Nov. 1973. 322p. (not paginated). 400 ref. Price: DM.78.00.
Belobrov E.P., Pavlova E.S., Šafran L.M.
Effect of climatic, geographic and occupational factors on the body's immunobiological reactivity
Vlijanie kompleksa klimato-geografičeskih i professional'nyh faktorov na sostojanie immunobiologičeskoj reaktivnosti organizma [in Russian]
Immunobiological changes found in seafarers employed on board ships operating in tropical areas can be the source of numerous diseases. Measurements of non-specific immunity factors (complement, lysozyme, phagocytes) were made on albino rats carried on board a bulk carrier and a methane tanker, as well as on laboratory control animals. The animals which travelled in the tropical areas showed a distinct inhibition of immunological factors and an increase in the neutrophil phagocytic activity and in the number of plasmatic globules in the lymphatic mesentary ganglia.
Gigiena i sanitarija, Nov. 1973, No.11, p.39-42. 10 ref.
Inter-governmental Maritime Consultative Organization, 101 Piccadilly, London W1, United Kingdom, 1973. 147p. Illus. Price: £2.55.
Medical first aid guide for use in accidents involving dangerous goods.
Published in co-operation with the World Health Organization and the International Labour Organisation, this practical first-aid manual gives comprehensive information on the treatment of every type of poisoning and the complications arising from poisoning, burns or illness caused by dangerous goods during their carriage by sea or during their handling in ports. A 40-page index of substances is provided for quick reference to the medical section of the guide.
Inter-governmental Maritime Consultative Organization, 101 Piccadilly, London W1, United Kingdom, 1973. 147p. Illus. Price: £2.55.
Committee on Hazardous Materials, National Research Council, Washington, D.C.
Pressure-relieving systems for marine cargo bulk liquid containers.
Report of a Panel on Cargo Containment set up to review existing equipment for pressure relief of containers for the marine transport of bulk liquids and to recommend improved pressure-relief systems. The report reviews the various causes of overpressure (fire, chemical reaction in cargo, insulation loss and improper operation), considers existing formulae for calculating the necessary relief capacity and proposes a new formula for the capacity required for venting vapour. The sizing of pressure-relief valves, relief-vent location and vent-system design are also dealt with. A safety checklist for evaluation of terminals and related facilities is included. Numerous appendices give illustrations of vessel types requiring relief valves, formualae for calculating vapour flow in systems and for sizing pressure-relief valves, etc. Recommendations for further study are made.
National Academy of Sciences, 2101 Constitution Avenue, N.W., Washington, D.C. 20418, USA, 1973. 149p. Illus. 76 ref. Price: US-$7.25.
The older dockworker - Aspects of his cardiorespiratory condition
De oudere havenwerker - Aspecten van zijn cardiorespiratoire conditie [in Dutch]
M.D. thesis describing a study carried out to determine whether or not older dockers can carry out heavy work until their retirement at 65. The author examined 578 dockers aged 55 or over and analysed the health records of 503 of them. The examination was focused on biophysical parameters, biochemical determinations and exercise tests. The results, which were statistically processed, are reproduced and discussed. The electrocardiograms taken at rest and during exercise proved to be reliable indicators of impaired cardiorespiratory function.
Van Veen en Scheffers B.V., Vlaggemanstraat 5, Rotterdam, Netherlands, 1973. 301p. (2 vols.) Illus. 158 ref. Price: Glds.52.50.
Standard for marine special purpose water safety buoyant devices.
This standard, approved as American national standard ANSI Z243.1-1972 on 22 Dec. 1972, covers buoyant devices such as life vests and jackets, horse shoe and ring buoys, with or without lifelines, the buoyancy of which is provided by inherently buoyant material and is not dependent upon special materials, gas compartments or inflation. The requirements relate to construction (design, material, etc.) and particularly performance testing (flotation stability, buoyancy distribution, effective buoyancy, water retention, resistance to impact, tensile strength, resistance to high and low temperatures and to flame, etc.). A final section deals with markings.
UL 1123, Underwriters' Laboratories, 207 East Ohio Street, Chicago, Illinois 60611, USA, 3rd edition, 2 Apr. 1973. 10p. Illus.
Williams N., Mintz S.S., Blinkoff B.A., Arkless H.A., Scull C.
Cocoa beans: An unloading hazard for longshoremen.
17 longshoremen unloading cocoa beans from an inadequately ventilated ship's hold complained within 20 min of starting work of nausea, eye irritation, chest pain and shortness of breath. It is suspected that the environment to which they were exposed had a low oxygen level, a high CO2 concentration and contained ethyl alcohol and acetic acid as a result of fermentation of the beans. All 17 men were hospitalised; case histories are given. All but one with persistent complete heart block recovered uneventfully. The role of hypoxia and hypercapnia in the cardiac disorders is discussed.
Journal of Occupational Medicine, Aug. 1973, Vol.15, No.8, p.642-646. Illus. 4 ref.
Sideloaders - A case study in the port industry.
An evaluation of a self-loading lorry which both transports and stacks containers in ports, from the aspects of internal and external visibility and cab layout. It is concluded that the vehicle has a restricted view to the rear, and that the design and position of the cab can demand extreme and uncomfortable postures on the part of the driver. Anomalies in the cab control and display layouts are also briefly discussed, with a view to standardisation and reduction of the driver's workload. The chief problem appears to stem from the compromises dictated by the nature of this dual-purpose vehicle.
Applied Ergonomics, Sep. 1973, Vol.4, No.3, p.163-167. Illus. 1 ref.
Always on the alert - is it possible?
Immer aufpassen - kann man das? [in German]
The importance of inland waterway transport as a modern means of communication is presented in an introduction. Accidents illustrating the main hazard, that of falling overboard, are shown. Many bargees believe that this hazard can be overcome by constant cirumspection, but the frequency of drowning deaths tells against this. Falls overboard can be prevented by appropriate design of barges and railings, and measures to prevent slipping. A most important measure during work on deck is wearing of a special life-jacket which automatically inflates on contact with the water and keeps the wearer's head above the surface.
16-mm colour film with magnetic sound, 35 min. Binnenschiffahrts-Berufsgenossenschaft, König-Friedrich-Wilhelm-Strasse 4, 4100 Duisburg 13, Germany (Fed.Rep.). Price: DM.2,500.
Medical care manual for sea-going vessels
Leitfaden der Gesundheitspflege auf Seeschiffen [in German]
Contents: principles of health protection at sea (fitness and aptitude, hygiene on board, ship's catering, space for medical treatment and sick bays aboard ships, medical supplies); structure and working of the human body (anatomy and physiology); basic emergency treatment for ship's officers (diagnostic, medical advice by radio, nursing); pathology for ship's officers (accidents, diseases requiring surgery, internal diseases, poisoning, infectious diseases, ear, nose and throat diseases, eye injuries and diseases, tooth and jaw diseases, skin diseases, nervous and mental disorders, pregnancy and confinement, venereal diseases, fatal occurrences, occupational diseases); national and international regulations; glossary of medical terms; list of abbreviations.
Verlag Volk und Gesundheit, Neue Grünstrasse 18, x 102 , 1972. 446 p. Illus. 13 ref. Price: M.49,50.
Hauptverband der gewerblichen Berufsgenossenschaften
Machinery installed on vessels and floating plant
Maschinenanlagen auf Wasserfahrzeugen und schwimmenden Geräten [in German]
These safety regulations cover vessels and floating structures on inland waterways. Provisions relate to: the equipment of machine rooms; exits; tanks and other containers; fuel piping; combustion engines; machines; and steam boilers. Other provisions relate to operation and maintenance. Appendices contain regulations and commentaries.
Carl Heymanns Verlag KG, Gereonstrasse 18-32, 5000 Köln 1, Germany (Fed.Rep.), 1972. 10 and 7p.
Occupational safety on sea-going vessels
Arbeitsschutz in der Seeschiffahrt [in German]
Review of occupational safety problems on sea-going vessels and the duties of the West German Seamen's Mutual Accident Insurance Association and the Occupational Safety Authorities. An appendix contains: sea-going vessel construction requirements stipulated by the occupational safety authorities of the seaboard Länder of the German Federal Republic. The requirements cover work premises, storage spaces, traffic aisles, lighting, ventilation and heating, machinery, decks, electrical equipment, and special installations.
Sicher ist Sicher, Apr. 1972, Vol.23, No.4, p.154-159. Illus.
The safety training of ships' companies
The author describes the operation, progress and contribution made to safety in the shipping industry by a British company which organises 'on-board' safety training programmes for ships' crews. Training programmes cover instruction, planning and training, and survey of ships' safety equipment. Programmes are related to the special safety problems of each ship.
Safety at Sea International, July 1972, p.26-28. Illus.
A study of the medical causes of absence from duty aboard South African merchant ships
A 4.5 year study of medical absence from duty on a number of merchant vessels (17 at beginning and 28 at end of study) showed 556 instances of absence for 4 or more dasys. Illness accounted for 297 cases and accidents for 259 cases. The average absence for illness and accident was 28 and 34 days respectively. Slightly more working days were lost due to accidents. Hospitalisation was required in 90% of illnesses and 36% of accidents. Appendicitis (of questionable veracity), peptic ulceration, and psychiatric disturbances were amongst the most common causes of incapacity. 40% of accidents occurred on deck and in the cargo holds. Fractures occurred more commonly in the upper limbs, especially the hand. 11% of accidents occurred ashore. Further study is required to elucidate whether the emotional problems encountered are brought to sea by the personnel or are a result of life on board ship. The high incidence of accidents highlights the hazardous nature of the work.
British Journal of Industrial Medicine, Apr. 1972, Vol.29, No.2, p.196-200. 11 ref.
(Ministère des transports, Ottawa)
Regulations respecting safe working practices for the protection of persons employed on ships (Safe working practices regulations)
Règlement concernant les mesures de sécurité au travail pour protéger les personnes employées à bord des navires (Règlement sur les mesures de sécurité au travail) [in French]
Issued under the Canada Shipping Act, these regulations apply to and in respect of the employment of persons in any working area associated with any ship in Canada or any Canadian ship outside Canada. General safety rules are laid down in accordance with good industrial safety practices. Special provisions cover particular hazards associated with work on ships: lifting appliances and powered mobile equipment; holds, tanks, compartments, fire prevention and protection; hot work; scaffolding, stages, ladders, gangways; electrical; pressure vessels; personal protective equipment. General requirements and working practices and powers of inspectors are established.
Canada Gazette - Gazette du Canada, 23 Feb. 1972, Part II, Vol.106, No.4, p.232-244.
Granata A., Piscaglia M.
Research on the morbidity of seamen during navigation - Decennial statistics from an Adriatic port
Recherches sur la morbidité chez des gens de mer pendant la navigation - Statistique décennale d'un port de l'Adriatique [in French]
The rates of morbidity observed were: digestive tract diseases (27.26%), bone and joint diseases (17.03%), occupational accidents (15.3%), respiratory diseases (11.3%). Digestive diseases are more common amongst older workers (over 40 years) working in the Mediterranean; bone and joint diseases are more common in the Mediterranean for the under 40s and are almost non-existent amongst sailors on ocean routes. Respiratory diseases and occupational accidents are more common the Adriatic. The numin theerous recommended preventive measures are aimed at improving working conditions, diet and living conditions for sailors which, the authors state, are particularly arduous in the Mediterranean and Adriatic for the sample under study.
Archives des maladies professionnelles, June 1972, Vol.33, No.6, p.271-284. Illus. 9 ref.
Dock workers' health and working environment
Stuveriarbetarnas hälsa och arbetsmiljö [in Swedish]
Report on a series of investigations carried out by various departments of the Swedish Institute of Occupational Health. The medical examination of 301 Swedish dockers showed that 55% of them had low-back complaints. 67 dockers were subjected to physiological tests to elucidate the physical workload. It was found that even light work can be physically exacting due to load peaks and tiring postures. Occupational hygiene investigations at various workplaces disclosed high concentrations of engine exhaust gases and various kinds of dust, high noise level ans and bad lighting. Some industrial trucks and cranes were examined with regard to ergonomic design features. Although the population sample was small, the results suggest that both occupational safety and health and ergonomics in docking need thorough encouragement.
Arbetsmedicinska Institutet, Fack, 104 01 Stockholm, Sweden, June 1972. 37p. 25 ref.
Bundesministerium für Verkehr
Ordinance concerning the safety of ships at sea (Ship Safety Ordinance) [Federal Republic of Germany]
Verordnung über die Sicherheit der Seeschiffe (Schiffssicherheitsverordnung - SSV) [in German]
Scope and definitions. General provisions: application of ordinance; responsibilities, approval of equipment, inspection, safety certificates and nautical equipment. Special provisions: division of ships (bulkheads, compartments), stability; engines, electrical equipment; fire protection; fire detection and fire fighting. Considerable importance is given to life-saving equipment (number, type, equipment supplied).
Bundesgesetzblatt, 17 Oct. 1972, No.111, p.1933-1964.
Prevention of employment accidents in connection with in-plant transport in ports and harbours
Prévention des accidents du travail dans les transports internes des entreprises: travaux portuaires [in French]
In his report, the author first describes the specific safety and health features of work in ports and harbours (environment and working conditions, port authorities, firms workers), then indicates the character of the problems to be solved (character and causes of accidents, French port and harbour statistics for 1968, with a breakdown by material cause, type and site of lesion). Special attention is given to the present state of occupational accident and disease prevention in ports and harbours (regulations, examples of security measures, practical safety rules, etc.). A special chapter is devoted to future prospects in connection with the mechanisation of goods handling in ports. (For the full proceedings of this Congress, see CIS 73-267).
VIth World Congress on the Prevention of Occupational Accidents and Diseases, Vienna, 10-15 May 1971, Wilhelm Maudrich, Buchhandlung für medizinische Wissenschaften, Alserstr. 19, 1081 Wien, Austria, 1971. Vol.1. 41p.
Department of Trade and Industry, London
Carriage of dangerous goods in ships - Report of the Standing Advisory Committee 1966 - The Blue Book
Following an introduction which contains the 1966 Report of the Standing Advisory Committee on the Carriage of Dangerous Goods and Explosives in Ships, the body of the Blue Book is given in 5 appendices. Appendix A reproduces the Merchant Shipping (Dangerous Goods) Rules, 1965. Appendix B gives the Committee's recommendations for the classification, labelling, packing and stowing of explosives, gases (compressed, liquefied or dissolved under pressure), flammable liquids, flammable solids, oxidising substances, poisonous substances, infectious substances, radioactive substances, corrosives, and miscellaneous substances. Appendix C reproduces recommended labels. Appendix D indicates where to seek advice in the United Kingdom on the carriage of dangerous goods. Appendix E gives data on gas cylinders.
HM Stationery Office, P.O. Box 569, London SE1 9HN, United Kingdom, 1971. 2nd ed.
Recommendation 141 concerning control of harmful noise in crew accommodation and working spaces on board ship [ILO]
Recommandation concernant la lutte contre les bruits nocifs dans les locaux de l'équipage et dans postes de travail à bord des navires [BIT] [in French]
ILO Recommendations adopted by the International Labour Conference in 1970. They concern: research into the harmful effect of excessive noise on seafarers and into the development of appropriate preventive measures; training of seafarers; provision of ear plugs and/or ear muffs; noise reduction and control in crew quarters, engine rooms and other machinery places.
ILO Publications, 1211 Genève 22, Switzerland, 1970. 2p.
Convention 134 and Recommendation 142 concerning the prevention of occupational accidents to seafarers [ILO]
Convention 134 et Recommandation 142 concernant la prévention des accidents du travail des gens de mer [OIT] [in French]
ILO Publications, International Labour Office, 1211 Genève 22, Switzerland, 1970. 5p. + 3p.
The Docks (Safety, Health and Welfare) Regulations, 1968 [Jamaica]
Regulations issued under the Factories Law. Contents: definitions; applications; requirements on shore; safety provisions on board ships; lifting machinery, plant and lifting gear; precautions when loading, unloading or fuelling; use and maintenance of safety appliances. In schedules: contents of first-aid boxes or cases; manner of test and examination before taking lifting machinery and gear into use; register and forms.
Jamaica Gazette Supplement, 14 June 1968, Vol.XCI, No.93, p.389-411.
International medical guide for ships
The aim of this medical guide was to provide an international approach to problems encountered by ships' captains faced with injury or diseases on board ships not carrying a medical doctor. It consists of three parts: international medical guide for ships; recommended contents of ships' medical chests; medical section of the international code of signals, to enable the ship's captain to ask the necessary questions and the medical officer to send adequate instructions. It has since been superseded by later editions, including the version analyzed under CIS 95-590.
World Health Organization, Distribution and Sales Service,1211 Genève 27, Switzerland, 1967. 404p. Illus. Index.
The Docks Rules, 1962 [Kenya]
Topics: dock work; first-aid equipment; Kenya; law; lifting equipment; loading and unloading; machinery guarding regulations; occupational safety and health; ropes; ships.
Kenya Subsidiary Legislation, 2 Jan. 1962, No.26, Supplement No.1, p.541-563.
Recommendation 108 concerning social conditions and safety of seafarers in relation to registration of ships [ILO]
Recommandation 108 concernant les conditions de vie, de travail et de sécurité des gens de mer en rapport avec l'immatriculation des navires [BIT] [in French]
ILO Recommendations adopted by the International Labour Conference in 1958. They include recommendations as to the obligation of a State to ensure appropriate social and safety conditions on ships registered under its flag.
ILO Publications, 1211 Genève 22, Switzerland, 1958. 2p.
Marine Act 1936 [Australia - South Australia]
This Act was assented to on 24 Mar. 1937 and it commenced on 1 July 1937. It was published in the Government Gazette on 25 Mar. 1937. The text reproduced here, including some amendments up to 1991, includes only those passages relevant to occupational safety and health. Aspects covered: interpretation of terms; issuing of regulations; appointment of inspectors; prohibition of the sending of unseaworthy ships to sea; obligation to ensure seaworthiness; powers to detain unsafe ships; other safety measures; prohibition of carrying passengers in excess of the number specified in the certificate; restriction on the carriage of dangerous goods.
In: Australian Industrial Safety, Health and Welfare, CCH Australia Ltd., CNR Talavera & Khartoum Roads, Box 230, North Ryde, NSW 2113, Australia, Vol.3, 7p. (pages numbered 72,804 - 73,132).
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