Road transportation - 1,331 entries found
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Pórszász J., et al.
The pattern of gripping force during bus driving
Electromyogram (EMG) recordings of the long finger flexors were carried out on four bus drivers while driving a vehicle with a power steering system under different experimental setups. The gripping forces followed an impulsive pattern with peak values less than the ergonomically allowed long-term limit for gripping force, and with an average duration of less than 4 to 6 seconds. It is concluded that the level of strain on the finger flexors while driving this type of vehicle is not sufficient to contribute to the clinical signs and symptoms of carpal tunnel syndrome.
Central European Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, 1997, Vol.3, No.1, p.67-80. Illus. 17 ref.
Kamei M., Yanagisawa Y.
Estimation of CO exposure of road construction workers in tunnel
Carbon monoxide (CO) levels were measured in three tunnels in the Boston area (United States) and the potential exposure of construction workers in the tunnels was estimated. CO concentrations ranged from 5ppm to 42ppm, and a linear relationship between CO concentration and distance from the tunnel entrance was observed. The National Institute of Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) recommendation for CO exposure is 35ppm TWA for light work and 26-27ppm for heavy work. Repeated monitoring of CO levels during construction work in tunnels is recommended.
Industrial Health, Jan. 1997, Vol.35, No.1, p.119-125. Illus. 8 ref.
Hebisch R., Rentel K.H.
Exposure to harmful substances in car repair workshops
Stoffbelastungen im KFZ-Handwerk [in German]
Topics: airborne dust; carbon monoxide; chemical products; dermatological effects; determination in air; exhaust gases; exposure evaluation; harmful substances; lubricants; motor fuel; solvents; threshold limit values; vehicle repair and servicing; ventilation.
Sicherheitsingenieur, Sep. 1996, Vol.27, No.9, p.26-31. Illus. 9 ref.
Evaluation of benzene concentration in exhaled air as a biological indicator in petrol station attendants
Valutazione della concentrazione di benzene nell'area espirata quale indicatore biologico negli addetti al rifornimento di carburante [in Italian]
The purpose of this study was to find out if the determination of benzene concentrations in exhaled air from petrol (gasoline) station attendants is a useful way to monitor exposure to low environmental levels of benzene. In an Italy-wide survey, it was found that a strong correlation indeed exists between exposure levels and exhaled air concentration, particularly when there is a delay between exposure and sampling (correlation r=0.67 with a 2hr delay and r=0.79 with a 14-16hr delay). Determination methods and relevant legal texts are given in the appendix.
Istituto Italiana di Medicina Sociale, Via P.S. Mancini, 28, 00196 Roma, Italy, 1996. 103p. Illus. 47 ref.
Bohets W., Delaruelle D., De Grande R.
Ergonomics of fork lift trucks - Check list for the drivers cabs
Ergonomie du chariot élévateur - Check-list pour le poste de conduite [in French]
Ergonomie van de vorkheftruck - Check-list voor de bestuurderscabine [in Dutch]
Topics: Belgium; check lists; control levers; directive; drivers cabs; drivers seats; ergonomics; fork-lift trucks; handwheels; pedals; standard; training material; work posture.
Institut national de recherche sur les conditions de travail, rue de la Concorde 60, 1050 Bruxelles, Belgium, 1996. 98p. (Dutch) 96p. (French) Illus. 63 ref. + folder (10 sheets).
Wilhardt P., Breum N.O., Hansen Ĺ.M., Knudsen L.E.
Exposure to air pollution in the transport sector
Eksponering for luftforurening i transportsektoren [in Danish]
Topics: aromatic hydrocarbons; atmospheric pollution; nitrogen dioxide; determination in air; determination in urine; drivers; exposure evaluation; mathematical models; postal services; respirable dust; road transport.
Arbejdsmiljřinstituttet, Lersř Parkallé 105, 2100 Křbenhavn Ř, Denmark, 1996. 76p. Illus. 36 ref.
Monfrin F., Guelfi-Legout B., Paris C., Gournay M., Poirier A.
Truck drivers' socio-professional lifestyle and health
Mode de vie socio-professionnel et santé des conducteurs de véhicules poids lourds [in French]
Topics: age-linked differences; backache; buses; cardiovascular diseases; cross-sectional study; drivers; health hazards; hours of work; job dissatisfaction; mental health; musculoskeletal diseases; obesity; risk factors; sleep disturbances; social aspects; trucks; workbreaks.
Centre Interservices de Santé et de Médecine du travail en Entreprise (CISME), 31 rue Médéric, 75832 Paris Cedex 17, France, 1996. 125p. Illus. 63 ref.
Monitoring of the health of traffic policemen in Egypt
Topics: lead; chromosome changes; Egypt; epidemiologic study; exhaust gases; genetic effects; police forces; road transport; smoking.
African Newsletter on Occupational Health and Safety, Aug. 1996, Vol.6, No.2, p.44-46. Illus. 15 ref.
Council Directive 96/35/EC of 3 June 1996 on the appointment and vocational qualification of safety advisers for the transport of dangerous goods by road, rail and inland waterway [European Communities]
Directive 96/35/CE du Conseil, du 3 juin 1996 concernant la désignation ainsi que la qualification professionnelle de conseillers ŕ la sécurité pour le transport par route, par rail ou par voie navigable de marchandises dangereuses [Communautés européennes] [in French]
Topics: dangerous substances; directive; European Communities; list; qualifications; rail transport; road transport; safety and health organization; safety checks; safety officers; safety service records; transport of materials; vocational training; water transport.
Official Journal of the European Communities - Journal officiel des Communautés européennes, 19 June 1996, Vol.39, No.L 145, p.10-15.
Hakkola M., Saarinen L.
Exposure of tanker drivers to gasoline and some of its components
Topics: toluene; hexane; methyl t-butyl ether; benzene; motor fuel; determination in air; drivers; exposure evaluation; filling stations; Finland; hydrocarbons; loading and unloading; tank trucks.
Annals of Occupational Hygiene, Feb. 1996, Vol.40, No.1, p.1-10. Illus. 11 ref.
Health and Safety Executive
Dispensing petrol as a fuel: Health and safety guidance for employees
Topics: motor fuel; data sheet; filling stations; fire protection; flammable substances; hazard evaluation; information of personnel; safe working methods; safety guides; transfer of liquids; United Kingdom.
HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 6FS, United Kingdom, Jan. 1996. 7p. 2 ref.
Rollover of tractors - International experiences
Topics: agriculture; fatalities; frequency rates; international agreements; legislation; occupational accidents; protection against overturning; safety devices; safety frames and cabs; safety rules; tractors.
Safety Science, Nov. 1996, Vol.24, No.2, p.95-110. Illus. 53 ref.
Williamson A.M., Feyer A.M., Friswell R.
The impact of work practices on fatigue in long distance truck drivers
Topics: Australia; drivers; fatigue; perceptual-motor performance; pulse rate; road transport; subjective assessment; vigilance; work capacity; work time schedules; workbreaks.
Accident Analysis and Prevention, Nov. 1996, Vol.28, No.6, p.709-719. Illus. 30 ref.
Gerberich S. G., Robertson L. S., Gibson R. W., Renier C.
An epidemiological study of roadway fatalities related to farm vehicles: United States, 1988 to 1993
The investigation concerned the circumstances of the on-road, non-truck, farm-vehicle crash fatalities in the USA from 1988 to 1993. During that period, 444 farm-vehicle occupants together with 238 occupants of other vehicles or pedestrians were killed. Due particularly to the high proportion (21%) of overturns associated with these crashes, there is a need to further investigate the design characteristics of farm vehicles, especially factors related to their visibility and perception of their speed by other drivers or pedestrians.
Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Nov. 1996, Vol.38, No.11, p.1135-1140. Illus. 23 ref.
Torp S., Riise T., Moen B.E.
Work-related musculoskeletal symptoms among car mechanics: A descriptive study
A questionnaire survey of 103 car mechanics in 12 different garages revealed that almost all had experienced musculoskeletal symptoms at work during the past year. The most troublesome symptoms were associated with the low back, upper back, shoulders and neck. Mechanics between the ages of 30 and 40 reported more shoulder symptoms than both younger and older workers. Improvements in the ergonomic environment and in work organization would help to reduce the time spent in strenuous working postures.
Occupational Medicine, Dec. 1996, Vol.46, No.6, p.407-413. Illus. 26 ref.
Priante E., et al.
Exposure of traffic police to urban air pollutants
Esposizione agli inquinanti dell'aria urbana dei vigili municipali [in Italian]
Exposure to dusts and benzene was investigated in 65 non-smoking traffic policemen in the city of Padua (Italy). The mean personal exposure of the policemen to total dust was 0.44mg/m3. The atmospheric concentration of 1-nitropyrene (the principal component of diesel engine emissions) was 0.28ng/m3. The mean concentration of benzene in the breathing zone was 41µg/m3, a level similar to what the city population at large is exposed to. The mean values of urinary benzene before and after the work shift were similar. Levels of exposure of the traffic policemen to dust and 1-nitropyrene was comparable to other occupational groups with this type of risk. Traffic police exposure to benzene is much lower than that of certain other occupational categories, e.g. those engaged in the distribution of hydrocarbon fuels.
Medicina del lavoro, July-Aug. 1996, Vol.87, No.4, p.314-322. 30 ref.
Health and Safety - The Carriage of Dangerous Goods by Road Regulations 1996 [United Kingdom]
These Regulations came into force on 1 Sep. 1996. They implement Council Directives 94/55/EC (CIS 95-22) and 94/63/EC. The two sets of 1992 Regulations concerning the carriage of dangerous substances by road are revoked. Main topics covered: definitions; approved documents; mode of carriage; information to be provided by consignors and operators, documentation to be available during carriage and information to be displayed on containers, tanks and vehicles; loading and unloading; emergencies and parking. In annex: determination of transport categories; load limits; when the regulations are to be disapplied; special requirements relating to tank containers and the tanks of road tankers constructed before 1.1.1999; despatch of and restrictions on forwarding certain dangerous goods; carriage in bulk (in containers or vehicles) of certain dangerous goods; types of vehicle to be used for the carriage of certain dangerous goods; emergency information relating to the carriage of ceratin dangerous goods; information to be displayed on containers, tanks and vehicles carrying dangerous goods; requirements relating to the loading, stowage, unloading and cleaning of containers, tanks and vehicles carrying certain dangerous goods; unloading of petrol.
HMSO Publications Centre, P.O. Box 276, London SW8 5DT, United Kingdom, 1996. 64p. Price: GBP 8.50.
Health and Safety Executive
Road tanker design - Resistance to accidental damage
This report presents the results of a study to investigate the impact resistance of road tankers for the carriage of dangerous goods. Computer simulations of a representative 38 tonne road tanker were carried out in various impact scenarios. Results indicate that a typical modern tanker (5mm aluminium alloy wall) would be highly susceptible to rupture from the localized high energy impacts modelled. The effects of changes to tank thickness, material and baffle spacing were also examined, and a form of tank side protection was considered.
HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 6FS, United Kingdom, 1996. 49p. Illus. 4 ref. Price: GBP 10.00.
Boels D., Pauk W., Steinoff A.
Behörde für Arbeit, Gesundheit und Soziales der Freien und Hansestadt Hamburg
Safety in intermodal transport and traffic - The harbour interface
Sicherheit beim intermodalen Transport und Verkehr - Schnittstelle Hafen [in German]
Proceedings of a symposium held in Hamburg, Germany (27-29 Nov. 1995) on safety in intermodal transport and traffic in harbours covers: safe routing of traffic in harbours; pavements, traffic signs, lighting of service roads in harbours; safe loading and unloading of containers; design of container terminals; safe operation of industrial trucks in harbour buildings. In addition to contributions from Germany, there were presentations by experts from the Netherlands, Denmark and Latvia.
Edition Temmen, Hohenlohestr. 21, 28209 Bremen, Germany, 1996. 164p. Illus.
van Manen P.
Health and Safety Executive
Conditions affecting roll-over of road tankers
This study of road tanker roll-overs in the United Kingdom involved a survey of operators and manufacturers, and computer simulations of vehicles involved in cornering manoeuvres. The survey indicated an average annual rate of one semi-trailer roll-over for every 3000 vehicles in operation. Hauliers of petroleum products using certain trailer combinations exceeded these average rates. Computer simulations indicated little difference in the roll stabilities of different road tankers, suggesting that factors relating to the driver's perception of safety should also be taken into account.
HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 6FS, United Kingdom, 1996. 55p. Illus. Price: GBP 15.00.
Alfonso Martín S.C., Francos Fernández M.
Lumbar pathology as cause of absenteeism in an enterprise of public transport by road
La patología lumbar como causa de absentismo laboral en una empresa de transporte público de viajeros por carretera [in Spanish]
The incidence of low-back pain causing absenteeism during the period 1992-1993 was investigated among workers of a road transport enterprise in Tenerife, Spain. Three categories of workers were examined: drivers, workshop workers and administrative personnel. Low-back pain was discreetly higher for the category of road transport drivers. Tables included.
Medicina y seguridad del trabajo, 1996, Vol.43, No.168, p.17-25. Illus. 8 ref.
Health and Safety Executive
Carriage of dangerous goods explained - Part 4: Guidance for operators, drivers and others involved in the carriage of explosives by road
This document provides guidance on compliance with the Carriage of Explosives by Road Regulations 1996. Contents: application of the Regulations; explosives which can and cannot be carried; limits on quantities and types of load; construction of vehicles and containers; requirements for the training of drivers and attendants; loading and unloading of vehicles and containers; planning journeys; provision of information, vehicle marking and documentation; responsibilities of operators, drivers and attendants during transport; ensuring safe and secure carriage; emergency organization. Requirements for the packaging and labelling of explosives are briefly outlined.
HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 6FS, United Kingdom, 1996. ix, 59p. Price: GBP 10.95.
Health and Safety Executive
Carriage of dangerous goods explained - Part 1: Guidance for consignors of dangerous goods by road and rail. Classification, packaging, labelling and provision of information
This booklet provides guidance on compliance with the Carriage of Dangerous Goods (Classification, Packaging and Labelling) and Use of Transportable Pressure Receptacles Regulations 1996, the Carriage of Dangerous Goods by Road Regulations 1996, and the Carriage of Dangerous Goods by Rail Regulations 1996. Contents: application of the Regulations; classification of dangerous goods; exceptions allowed under the Regulations; packaging requirements; packaging design type testing and certification requirements; requirements for transportable pressure receptacles; labelling and marking requirements; provision of information by the consignor; transitional arrangements.
HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 6FS, United Kingdom, 1996. ix, 39p. Illus. 28 ref. Price: GBP 9.95.
Health and Safety Executive
Health hazards from whole-body vibration caused by mobile agricultural machinery
This data sheet outlines precautions for reducing the risk of injury from whole-body vibration among operators of self-propelled agricultural machinery: deciding who is at risk; correct use of seat position and suspension arrangements; choice of appropriate speed and route; maintenance of suspension systems, seats and tracks; selection of machinery with low vibration emission levels; job rotation; reporting of symptoms.
HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 6FS, United Kingdom, Nov. 1996. 2p. 7 ref.
Health and Safety Executive
Carriage of dangerous goods explained - Part 2: Guidance for road vehicle operators and others involved in the carriage of dangerous goods by road
This booklet provides guidance on compliance with the Carriage of Dangerous Goods by Road Regulations 1996 and the Carriage of Dangerous Goods by Road (Driver Training) Regulations 1996. Contents: scope of requirements (categories of dangerous goods, quantity thresholds); duty to ensure goods are fit for carriage; provision of information by operator and by driver; vehicle marking; suitability of means of transport; loading, unloading and stowage; emergency organization; supervision and parking; training of drivers; requirements relating to the carriage of passengers, opening of packages, and carriage of food. In annex: guidance on the design and construction of the tanks of road tankers.
HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 6FS, United Kingdom, 1996. ix, 83p. Illus. 27 ref. Price: GBP 12.50.
Defensive driving for safer motoring
This leaflet describes defensive driving techniques. It covers: preventing crashes; pedestrians; basic traffic laws; keep safe following distance; drinks, drugs and driving; car care; petrol saving; traffic police hand signals.
Loss Prevention Association of India Ltd., Warden House, Sir P.M. Road, Bombay 400 001, India, 1996. 16p. Illus.
Health and Safety - The Carriage of Dangerous Goods by Road (Driver Training) Regulations 1996 [United Kingdom]
These Regulations impose duties on the operator and driver of a vehicle carrying dangerous goods with respect to the provision of instruction and training to the driver of the vehicle concerned. They re-enact, with modifications, the Road Traffic (Training of Drivers of Vehicles Carrying Dangerous Goods) Regulations 1992, and they implement Council Directive 94/55/EC. Contents: interpretation and application of the Regulations; provision of adequate instruction and training; vocational training certificates; certificates to be available during carriage and to be produced on request; enforcement of the Regulations; exemption certificates.
HMSO Publications Centre, P.O. Box 276, London SW8 5DT, United Kingdom, 1996. 15p. Price: GBP 3.20.
Health and Safety - The Carriage of Dangerous Goods (Classification, Packaging and Labelling) and Use of Transportable Pressure Receptacles Regulations 1996 [United Kingdom]
These Regulations, updating and modifying the 1994 Regulations on the classification, packaging and labelling of dangerous goods for carriage by road or rail (CIS 95-394), implement into British legislation the provisions of Directives 94/55/EC (CIS 95-22) and 96/49/EC. Modifications include: bringing into scope certain environmentally hazardous substances not covered by the 1994 Regulations; requirements for HSC approval of certain documents relating to the design, construction, modification, repair, testing, examination, filling and marking of transportable pressure receptacles; further safety requirements for transportable pressure receptacles. The Regulations (exc. as noted below) came into force on 1 Sep. 1996, at which time the 1994 Regulations were repealed. Regulation 21(9) shall come into force on 1 Jan. 1999, at which time the Compressed Acetylene (Importation) Regulations 1978 (CIS 79-1831) are repealed.
HMSO Books, P.O. Box 276, London SW8 5DT, United Kingdom, 1996. 47p. Illus. Price: GBP 7.40.
Health and Safety - The Carriage of Explosives by Road Regulations 1996 [United Kingdom]
These Regulations implement into British legislation the provisions of Directive 94/55/EC (CIS 95-22). They impose prohibitions on the carriage of explosives including the carriage of unclassified explosives, carriage in vehicles used to carry paying passengers and the carriage of explosive substances in bulk. The operator must make sure that the vehicle or container is suitable for the safety and security of the explosives being carried. The Health and Safety Executive (HSE) is asked to approve and publish a document called Approved Requirements for the Construction of Vehicles Intended for the Carriage of Explosives by Road. Provisions are also made for the displaying of information on vehicles and containers, for the keeping of appropriate transport documentation by the driver and attendant, for the safe loading, stowage, unloading and cleaning of vehicles and containers, for the presence of appropriate emergency equipment and for the notification of emergencies. Smoking and the production of an open flame near or on the vehicle are prohibited during loading and unloading. The Regulations entered into force on 1 Sep. 1996. The Road Traffic (Carriage of Explosives) Regulations 1989 are revoked.
HMSO Books, P.O. Box 276, London SW8 5DT, United Kingdom, 1996. 32p. Illus. Price: GBP 6.00.
Kákosy T., Martin J., Lászlóffy M., Székely A.
Raynaud's phenomenon of occupational origin caused by bush-cutter equipment mounted on a tractor
A case of Raynaud's phenomenon was verified by cold-provocation test and by measuring finger systolic blood pressure in a man who had been driving a tractor installed with bush-cutter equipment for a period of five years. Vibration measurements on the steering wheel of the tractor showed acceleration values higher than the maximum allowable level. Based on clinical and exposure data, vibration-induced Raynaud's phenomenon was diagnosed. It is recommended that vibration measurements be performed on the steering wheel of a tractor after fitting any type of adapter.
Central European Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, 1996, Vol.2, No.4, p.387-390. Illus. 6 ref.
Ergonomic interventions for the soft drink beverage delivery industry
Ergonomic evaluation of the work of nine driver-salesworkers at a soft drinks delivery plant showed that these workers were at risk of suffering a work-related musculoskeletal injury. Most lifting tasks exceeded the recommended weight limit and heart rate measurements were high. The introduction of ergonomic interventions and improved work practices resulted in reductions in biomechanical stress on the back and shoulders, decreased heart rates, and reduced reports of worker fatigue. Recommendations for engineering controls, beverage packages, work practices and work organization are put forward.
U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Public Health Service, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH), 4676 Columbia Parkway, Cincinnati, OH 45226, USA, July 1996. ix, 83p. Illus. 90 ref.
Health and Safety Executive
Are you involved in the carriage of dangerous goods by road or rail?
This booklet provides guidance on the legal requirements for the carriage of dangerous goods by road or rail: classification of dangerous goods and subsequent action to be taken; packaging and labelling; provision of documentation; suitability of vehicles and containers; carriage in bulk; carriage of limited quantities; loading and unloading; vehicle marking; emergency equipment; driver training; emergency procedures; related regulations.
HSE Books P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 6FS, United Kingdom, Oct. 1996. 22p. Illus.
Commission Directive 96/86/EC of 13 Dec. 1996 adapting to technical progress Council Directive 94/55/EC on the approximation of the laws of the Member States with regard to the transport of dangerous goods by road [European Communities]
Directive 96/86/CE de la Commission du 13 déc. 1996 portant adaptation au progrčs technique de la directive 94/55/CE du Conseil relative au rapprochement des législations des Etats membres concernant le transport des marchandises dangereuses par route [Communautés européennes] [in French]
Directiva 96/86/CE de la Comisión de 13 de diciembre de 1996 para la adaptación al progreso técnico de la Directiva 94/55/CE del Consejo sobre la aproximación de las legislaciones de los Estados miembros con respecto al transporte de mercancías peligrosas por carretera [Comunidades Europeas] [in Spanish]
Adaptation of Directive 94/55/EC (see CIS 95-22). It modifies Annexes A and B (originally from the ADR, see CIS 93-361) by substituting the term "Member State" for "Contracting Party".
Official Journal of the European Communities - Journal officiel des Communautés européennes, 24 Dec. 1996, Vol.39, No.L 335, p.43-44.
http://europa.eu.int/eur-lex/lex/LexUriServ/LexUriServ.do?uri=CELEX:31996L0086:EN:HTML [in English]
http://europa.eu.int/eur-lex/lex/LexUriServ/LexUriServ.do?uri=CELEX:31996L0086:ES:HTML [in Spanish]
http://europa.eu.int/eur-lex/lex/LexUriServ/LexUriServ.do?uri=CELEX:31996L0086:FR:HTML [in French]
Transport of delight
The effects of health on driver safety are reviewed in the light of the new British Regulations concerning the Reporting of Industrial Diseases and Dangerous Occurrences [sic] (RIDDOR), see CIS 95-1930 for the proper title of the Regulations, which now cover work-related driver and vehicle accidents. The duty of a driver to inform the licensing authority of specific disabilities or health problems is emphasized, and requirements concerning epilepsy, heart diseases, diabetes, sharpness of vision and use of drugs are discussed.
Safety and Health Practitioner, June 1996, Vol.14, No.6, p.26-29. Illus. 9 ref.
Commuting accidents are also occupational accidents
También los accidentes en trayecto son accidentes laborales [in Spanish]
Information booklet on safe driving practices and safe pedestrian behaviour.
Instituto de Seguridad y Servicios Sociales de los Trabajadores del Estado, Departamento Difusión, Av. de la República No.134, 4o piso, Col. Tabacalera, México D.F., C.P.06030, Mexico, [no date]. 15p. Illus.
Annexes A and B to Council Directive 94/55/EC of 21 Nov. 1994 on the approximation of the laws of the Member States with regard to the transport of dangerous goods by road [European Communities]
Annexes A et B de la Directive 94/55/CE du Conseil, du 21 nov. 1994, relative au rapprochement des législations des Etats membres concernant le transport des marchandises dangereuses par route [Communautés européennes] [in French]
Annexes to the 1994 EC Directive on the transport of dangerous goods by road (see CIS 95-22). It contains: definitions; general provisions; list of substances and special provisions for the various classes (explosive substances and articles; gases; flammable liquids; flammable solids; substances liable to spontaneous combustion; substances which, when in contact with water, emit flammable gases; oxidizing substances; organic peroxides; toxic substances; infectious substances; radioactive material; corrosive substances; miscellaneous dangerous substances and articles). Appendices relating to: stability and safety conditions; testing; list of substances described under their chemical names or under collective headings which are given a specific "substances identification number"; various other matters.
Official Journal of the European Communities - Journal officiel des Communautés européennes, 28 Oct. 1996, Vol.39, No.L 275, p.1-711. Price: ECU 105.00.
Hakkola M., Honkasalo M.L., Pulkkinen P.
Neuropsychological symptoms among tanker drivers exposed to gasoline
Standardized interviews were carried out among 101 Finnish road tanker drivers and a control group of 100 milk delivery drivers to investigate the occurrence of symptoms possibly related to gasoline exposure (methyl-tert-butyl ether 10%). There were no significant differences in the occurrence of neuropsychological symptoms between the two groups of drivers. The age of the drivers, chronic diseases and perceived health were associated with the occurrence of symptoms. Results do not exclude the possibility that vulnerable groups exhibit an increased sensitivity to gasoline.
Occupational Medicine, Apr. 1996, Vol.46, No.2, p.125-130. 12 ref.
Lee T.Y., Gerberich S.G., Gibson R.W., Carr W.P., Shutske J., Renier C.M.
A population-based study of tractor-related injuries: Regional Rural Injury Study-I (RRIS-I)
A questionnaire survey of farm-related accidents was carried out among 3939 farm households in 5 states of the USA in 1990. Injury rates were calculated for sociodemographic variables and various exposures. Among the total of 764 injury events, 65 (8.4%) were related to regular tractor use (495 injuries per 100,000 persons per year). Rates increased incrementally for persons working between 20 to 39 and 60 to 79 hours per week. The majority of injury events occurred while workers were mounting or dismounting the tractor. Specific design characteristics of the tractors associated with these events need to be investigated.
Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Aug. 1996, Vol.38, No.8, p.782-793. 24 ref.
Health and Safety Commission
Approved tank requirements - The provisions for bottom loading and vapour recovery systems of mobile containers carrying petrol
These requirements have been approved for the purposes of regulation 5(1)(c) of the Carriage of Dangerous Goods by Road Regulations 1996 and regulation 3(1)(b) of the Carriage of Dangerous Goods by Rail Regulations 1996. They provide a minimum specification for bottom loading and vapour recovery systems to ensure compatibility between the road tanker equipment and installations at terminals and service stations. Requirements relate to: design of the liquid loading and discharge system and the vapour recovery system; overfill detection and vehicle earth; location of the adaptors and connector; safety interlocks and emergency shut-off valves; provision of an information plate; loading; testing of valves.
HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 6FS, United Kingdom, 1996. iv, 10p. Illus. 12 ref. Price: GBP 6.50.
Health and Safety Commission
Approved requirements for the construction of vehicles intended for the carriage of explosives by road
These requirements have been approved for the purposes of regulation 11 of the Carriage of Explosives by Road Regulations 1996. They set out construction requirements for various types of vehicle which may be used for the carriage of explosives. Requirements relate to: the safety of electrical equipment (wiring, batteries); prevention of fire risks (vehicle cab, fuel tanks, engine, exhaust system); the design of the body of the vehicle.
HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 6FS, United Kingdom, 1996. v, 7p. Illus. Price: GBP 5.00.
Health and Safety Commission
Suitability of vehicles and containers and limits on quantities for the carriage of explosives
This Approved Code of Practice gives practical guidance on regulations 10 and 13 of the Carriage of Explosives by Road Regulations 1996. These Regulations require operators to ensure that any vehicle or container used for the carriage of explosives is suitable for the safe and secure transportation of those explosives, and that full account is taken of the type and quantity of the explosives. Requirements relate to: safe working limits; provision of a screen or gap to prevent fire spread; protection from the fuel or electrical system; lining of the load-carrying compartment; prevention of unauthorized access.
HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 6FS, United Kingdom, 1996. iv, 9p. 13 ref. Price: GBP 6.50.
Health and Safety Commission
Approved carriage list - Information approved for the carriage of dangerous goods by road and rail other than explosives and radioactive material
This Approved Carriage List was approved for the purposes of the Carriage of Dangerous Goods (Classification, Packaging and Labelling) and Use of Transportable Pressure Receptacles Regulations 1996, the Carriage of Dangerous Goods by Road Regulations 1996, and the Carriage of Dangerous Goods by Rail Regulations 1996. For each dangerous substance in the list, information is provided on: shipping name; UN number; classification for carriage; packing group; emergency action code; whether or not the substance can be carried in tanks or in bulk; and any special provisions. This edition replaces the Approved Carriage List 1994 (CIS 95-695) and the Road Tanker Approved List 1992 (CIS 93-30). Updated entries are identified.
HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 6FS, United Kingdom, 2nd ed., 1996. iv, 249p. Illus. 16 ref. Price: GBP 13.50.
Health and Safety Commission
Approved vehicle requirements
These Approved Requirements have been approved for the purposes of regulation 5(1)(b) of the Carriage of Dangerous Goods by Road Regulations 1996. They specify detailed vehicle requirements in relation to electrical equipment, prevention of fire risks, specific requirements for refrigerated vehicles, construction of the body of the vehicle, rear-end protection, and vehicle stability.
HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 6FS, United Kingdom, 1996. iv, 10p. Illus. 10 ref. Price: GBP 5.50.
Health and Safety Commission
Approved requirements and test methods for the classification and packaging of dangerous goods for carriage
These Approved Requirements have been approved for the purposes of regulations 5,6 and 8 of the Carriage of Dangerous Goods (Classification, Packaging and Labelling) and Use of Transportable Pressure Receptacles Regulations 1996. They replace the Approved Methods for the Classification and Packaging of Dangerous Goods for Carriage by Road and Rail (see CIS 94-2041). The principal changes relate to: new test methods for oxidizing substances; classifying self-reactive substances and organic peroxides; packaging methods for peroxides; classification and packaging criteria for environmentally hazardous substances not otherwise dangerous for carriage; and test methods for determining the chemical compatibility of plastics packaging using standard liquids.
HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 6FS, United Kingdom, 1996. viii, 183p. 17 ref. Price: GBP 12.75.
Hong C., Yong-kui M., Jie W.
Adjusting the evaluation limit for broad-band whole-body vibration
The vibration levels of 87 axes in 29 conventional industrial, agricultural and civil vehicles were measured, recorded and analyzed. The vehicle vibrations were broad-band vibrations. The mean deviation of the overall frequency-weighted vibration levels and the greatest single one-third octave band frequency-weighted vibration levels were calculated. It is suggested that 6dB is an appropriate adjustment of the evaluation limit when a broad-band whole-body vibration is characterized by a single quantity.
American Industrial Hygiene Association Journal, May 1996, Vol.57, No.5, p.476-479. Illus. 5 ref.
Gregersen N.P., Brehmer B., Morén B.
Road safety improvement in large companies. An experimental comparison of different measures
This study compares four different measures for reducing accident involvement through changed driver behaviour: i.e. driver training, group discussions, campaigns and bonuses for accident-free driving. Five groups of approximately 900 Swedish professional drivers were used in the experiment and followed for two years. Four of the groups were test groups, where each took part in one of the measures. The fifth group was a control group. Group discussions and driver training succeeded in reducing the accident risk in the test groups, when compared with the control group. Accident costs were reduced in all four test groups, but not in the control group.
Accident Analysis and Prevention, 1996, Vol.28, No.3, p.297-306. Illus. 19 ref.
TRAC-SAFE: A community-based program for reducing injuries and deaths due to tractor overturns - Facilitator's manual
This document contains basic information about tractor overturns and methods for preventing them. It is aimed primarily at instructors wishing to develop and implement an educational programme for reducing injuries and deaths caused by tractor overturns. Contents: introduction to instructional programme planning; tractor overturns (statistics, causes, solutions - emphasis on ROPS: "rollover protective structures"); proposals for community action. In appendices: audiovisual aids, publicity, participant sign-up forms and worksheets, evaluation forms, support services and references.
National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH), Publications Dissemination, 4676 Columbia Parkway, Cincinnati, OH 45226-1998, USA, 1996. vi, 82p. Illus. 7 ref.
van den Heever D.J., Roets F.J.
Noise exposure of truck drivers: A comparative study
The continuous A-weighted sound pressure, maximum sound pressure levels and percentage noise dose were determined in the cabs of two different brands of trucks manufactured with identical engines. No significant differences regarding the individual noise exposure of the truck drivers were found. Comparison of measured noise exposures with existing criteria revealed that the truck drivers were exposed to noise levels that were potentially hazardous to their hearing.
American Industrial Hygiene Association Journal, June 1996, Vol.57, No.6, p.564-566. 16 ref.
Bysh I.N., Dorn M.R.
Health and Safety Executive
The generation of internal pressure in tanker rollover
Finite element analysis was used to investigate typical internal pressures generated in two types of petroleum tanker during rollover accidents. Internal pressure increased with increasing lateral stiffness of the tanker and with increasing impact velocity. A likely internal pressure of about 2 bar gauge was predicted for one tanker, and about 4 bar gauge for the other; the latter pressure could be increased to over 8 bar gauge by tank wall motion.
HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 6FS, United Kingdom, 1996. 46p. Illus. Price: GBP 10.00.
Zayed J., Mikhaďl M., Loranger S., Kennedy G., L'Espérance G.
Exposure of taxi drivers and office workers to total and respirable manganese in an urban environment
The exposure of 20 office workers and 9 taxi drivers to total and respirable airborne manganese was measured over a 7-day period. Manganese particles emitted from a car were also collected directly at the exhaust. The average exposure of the taxi drivers was 2.5 times higher than that of the office workers for total airborne manganese and 1.5 times higher for respirable manganese. Electron microscopy revealed that the particles were mostly heterogeneous agglomerates varying from 1 to 100 microns. Further studies are required to establish the relationship between the use of manganese additives in unleaded gasoline and exposure to manganese.
American Industrial Hygiene Association Journal, Apr. 1996, Vol.57, No.4, p.376-380. Illus. 28 ref.
Bus drivers: Occupational stress and stress prevention
This paper presents the results of a number of studies on the work and health of bus drivers in various countries. Health problems and stress factors are identified and recommendations are made for prevention and intervention in the areas of ergonomics and workplace design, job rotation, work schedules, and the social work environment and management style. The importance of organizational commitment and cooperation in the reduction and prevention of stress is discussed and a systematic participatory approach is put forward.
ILO Publications, International Labour Office, 1211 Genčve 22, Switzerland, 1996. v, 39p. Illus. 42 ref.
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