Road transportation - 1,331 entries found
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Mäntyjärvi M., Tuppurainen K, Rouhiainen H.
Visual function in professional truck drivers
Topics: age-linked differences; amblyopia; assessment of working capacity; cataract; contrast; dark adaptation; diabetes mellitus; drivers; eye examinations; glare; older workers; road transport; vision tests; visual acuity; visual fatigue.
International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health, July 1998, Vol.71, No.5, p.357-362. Illus. 31 ref.
NIOSH Alert - Preventing worker injuries and deaths from traffic-related motor vehicle crashes
Topics: alcoholism; commuting accidents; drivers; fatalities; injuries; legislation; occupational accidents; road transport; road vehicles; safety guides; safety rules; statistical aspects; USA.
Publications Dissemination, EID, National Institute of Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH), 4676 Columbia Parkway, Cincinnati, OH 45226, USA, 1998. 11p. Illus. 14 ref.
Enander R.T., Gute D.M., Missaghian R.
Survey of risk reduction and pollution prevention practices in the Rhode Island automotive refinishing industry
Topics: airborne dust; coachwork; disposal of harmful waste; harmful substances; health engineering; job-exposure relation; organic solvents; paints; personal protective equipment; questionnaire survey; risk factors; spray booths; spray coating; substitution; vehicle repair and servicing; ventilation.
American Industrial Hygiene Association Journal, July 1998, Vol.59, No.7, p.478-489. Illus. 29 ref.
Steenland K., Deddens J., Stayner L.
Diesel exhaust and lung cancer in the trucking industry: Exposure-response analyses and risk assessment
The authors found a lifetime excess risk ten times higher than the 1 per 1,000 excess risk allowed by OSHA in setting regulations. There are about 2.8 million truck drivers in the U.S. The results depend on estimates about unknown past exposures, and should be viewed as exploratory. They conform reasonably well to recent estimates for diesel-exposed railroad workers done by the California EPA, although those results themselves have been disputed. Topics: diesel engines; dose-response relationship; drivers; epidemiologic study; exhaust gases; exposure evaluation; hazard evaluation; long-term exposure; lung cancer; risk factors; road transport; statistical evaluation.
American Journal of Industrial Medicine, Sep. 1998, Vol.34, No.3, p.220-228. Illus. 26 ref.
Chadwick P., Lowes F.
Magnetic fields on British trains
Topics: exposure evaluation; magnetic fields; magnetic measurements; rail transport; tramways; United Kingdom.
Annals of Occupational Hygiene, July 1998, Vol.42, No.5, p.331-335. Illus. 6 ref.
Occupational noise exposure of operators of heavy trucks
Topics: Canada; drivers; exposure evaluation; hearing loss; noise dosimetry; noise level measurement; noise level; risk factors; survey; trucks.
American Industrial Hygiene Association Journal, Mar. 1998, Vol.59, No.3, p.205-213. Illus. 17 ref.
Nakano Y., Nakamura S., Hirata M., Harada K., Ando K., Tabuchi T., Matunaga I., Oda H.
Immune function and lifestyle of taxi drivers in Japan
Topics: drivers; epidemiologic study; hours of work; immunology; Japan; lymphocyte metabolism; mental stress; remuneration; road transport; sleep; social aspects; taxis.
Industrial Health, Jan. 1998, Vol.36, No.1, p.32-39. Illus. 34 ref.
Javelaud B., Vian L., Molle R., Allain P., Allemand B., André B., Barbier F., Churet A.M., Dupuis J., Galand M., Millet F., Talmon J., Touron C., Vaissière M., Vechambre D., Vieules M., Viver D.
Benzene exposure in car mechanics and road tanker drivers
Topics: benzene; motor fuel; conditions of exposure; determination in air; determination in blood; determination in urine; drivers; exposure evaluation; questionnaire survey; risk factors; tank trucks; urinary metabolites; vehicle repair and servicing.
International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health, June 1998, Vol.71, No.4, p.277-283. 24 ref.
Carney S., Ferguson M.
A cross-sectional study of renal function and cardiovascular risk factors in hydrocarbon-exposed workers
Topics: bitumen; cardiovascular diseases; creatinine; cross-sectional study; determination in blood; hydrocarbons; renal dysfunction; renal insufficiency; risk factors; road work.
Journal of Occupational Health and Safety - Australia and New Zealand, Apr. 1998, Vol.14, No.2, p.143-148. 23 ref.
Health and Safety Executive
Fatal traction: Practical advice on avoiding agricultural transport accidents
Topics: accident descriptions; agricultural operations; children; fatalities; logging and forestry operations; mechanical hazards; occupational accidents; overhead electric lines; preventive maintenance; safety guides; tractors; United Kingdom; visibility.
HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 6FS, United Kingdom, June 1998. 16p. Illus. 9 ref.
Germain C., Bourachot E.
Risk factors for truck drivers
Les ingrédients du risque pour les routiers [in French]
Topics: conditions of work; drivers; fatigue; France; hours of work; human behaviour; information of personnel; materials handling; physical workload; road transport; sleep deprivation; work study; work-rest schedules.
Performances Humaines et Techniques, Mar.-Apr. 1998, No.93, p.29-33. Illus. 11 ref.
Vision and traffic
Vision et trafic [in French]
Topics: conference; drivers; eyes; France; legislation; occupational medicine; road vehicles; visual acuity; visual function disorders; work aptitude.
Revue de médecine du travail, May-June 1998, Vol.25, No.3, p.I-155. 4 ref.
Acoustics - Measurement of the influence of road surfaces on traffic noise - Part 1: Statistical pass-by method
Acoustique - Mesurage de l'influence des revêtements de chaussées sur le bruit émis par la circulation - Partie 1: Méthode statistique au passage [in French]
Part one of the present international standard describes a method of comparing traffic noise on different road surfaces for various compositions of road traffic for the purpose of evaluating different road surface types. Sound levels representing either high or heavy vehicles at selected speeds are assigned to a certain road surface. The statistical pass-by method may be used to classify surfaces according to their influence on traffic noise, and to evaluate the influence of different surfaces on traffic noise. See also CIS 03-889.
International Organization for Standardization (ISO), Case postale 56, 1211 Genève 20, Switzerland, 1st ed., 1997. iii, 27p. Illus. 5 ref.
Auffarth J., Hebisch R., Rentel K.H.
Bundesanstalt für Arbeitsschutz und Arbeitsmedizin
Occupational exposure to hazardous substances in automobile repair shops
Stoffbelastungen im Kraftfahrzeuggewerbe [in German]
Topics: airborne dust; carbon monoxide; dangerous substances; determination in air; exhaust gases; exposure evaluation; Germany; organic solvents; personal hygiene; skin creams; vehicle repair and servicing; welding fumes.
Wirtschaftsverlag NW, Postfach 10 11 10, 27511 Bremerhaven, Germany, 1997. xi, 117p. Illus. 35 ref.
Auffarth J., Hebisch R., Rentel K.H.
Bundesanstalt für Arbeitsschutz und Arbeitsmedizin
Occupational exposure to hazardous substances in car repair shops
Stoffbelastungen im Kraftfahrzeuggewerbe [in German]
Topics: carbon dioxide; carbon monoxide; dangerous substances; dermatitis; dust; exhaust gases; exposure evaluation; Germany; health hazards; solvents; threshold limit values; vehicle repair and servicing.
Wirtschaftsverlag NW, Verlag für neue Wissenschaft GmbH, Bürgermeister-Smidt-Str. 74-46, Postfach 10 11 10, 27511 Bremerhaven, Germany, 1997. xi, 117p. Illus. 35 ref.
Méndez Bernal B.
Road transport of dangerous goods
Transporte de mercancías peligrosas por carretera [in Spanish]
Topics: comment on law; dangerous substances; data sheet; hazard identification; labelling; legislation; loading and unloading; road transport; safety and health training; Spain; supply of information.
Instituto Nacional de Seguridad e Higiene en el Trabajo, Ediciones y Publicaciones, c/Torrelaguna 73, 28027 Madrid, Spain, 1997. 18p. Illus. 22 ref.
Pfeiffer B.H., Hoormann H.J., Leidtke M.
Noisy worksites in and on vehicles in the public road transport sector
Lärmarbeitsplätze in und auf Fahrzeugen im öffentlichen Strassenverkehr [in German]
Summaries in English, French and Spanish. Topics: acoustic signalling; audibility; drivers cabs; earmuffs; earplugs; evaluation of equipment; hearing protection; noise level measurement; noise; road transport; sound attenuation.
Hauptverband der gewerblichen Berufsgenossenschaften (HVBG), Alte Heerstrasse 111, 53754 Sankt Augustin, Germany, Oct. 1997. 213p. Illus. 28 ref.
Carere A., Crebelli R.
Biomonitoring of human populations exposed to petroleum fuels with special consideration of the role of benzene as a genotoxic component
Topics: aromatic hydrocarbons; benzene; chromosome changes; cytogenetic studies; determination in blood; determination in urine; exposure evaluation; filling stations; lymphocytes; medical supervision; monitoring for air contamination; mortality; oil shale industry; petroleum refining.
Istituto superiore di sanità, Viale Regina Elena 299, 00161 Roma, Italy, 1998. iv, 102p. Illus. Bibl.ref.
Act No.97-37 of 2 June 1997, concerning road transport of dangerous materials [Tunisia]
Loi n°97-37 du 2 juin 1997, relative au transport par route des matières dangereuses [Tunisie] [in French]
Topics: classification; corrosive substances; dangerous substances; drivers; explosive substances; flammable substances; gases; law; packing, filling; penalties; qualifications; radioactive substances; road transport; toxic substances; Tunisia; warning notices.
Journal officiel de la République tunisienne, 6 juin 1997, No.45, p.1020-1022.
Maag U., Vanasse C., Dionne G., Laberge-Nadeau C.
Taxi drivers' accidents: How binocular vision problems are related to their rate and severity in terms of the number of victims
The effect of binocular vision problems on the frequency of taxi driver crashes was investigated and the distribution of the number of victims per crash (dead or injured) estimated. Data and models allowed the simultaneous consideration of many variables: age, medical condition, exposure factors measured by distance driven and time behind the wheel, qualitative risk factors, other characteristics of the driver, and crash circumstances. Results show that taxi drivers have a large average number of crashes per year, and those with binocular vision problems have even more but not more severe in terms of the number of victims. The driver's past record (number of crashes and demerit points in the previous year) is a significant predictor of the number of crashes. Age is associated significantly with the number and the severity of crashes, with older drivers having a better record than the youngest group (30 years old or less). Topics: age-linked differences; analysis of accident causes; drivers; mathematical models; night work; occupational accidents; risk factors; road transport; severity rates; taxis; visual function disorders; work time schedules.
Accident Analysis and Prevention, Mar. 1997, Vol.29, No.2, p.217-224. 19 ref.
Chia S.E., Chia H.P., Ong C.N., Jeyaratnam J.
Cumulative blood lead levels and neurobehavioral test performance
Fifty lead battery workers and 97 non-exposed (referent) workers from a vehicle maintenance workshop were evaluated on neurobehavioral performance using the World Health Organization Neurobehavioral Core Test Battery. Concurrent blood lead (ConPb) and cumulative blood lead (CumPb) were used to study the association with the neurobehavioral test results. The exposed group had significantly poorer manual dexterity perceptual-motor speed, and motor steadiness compared with the referents. The standardized partial regression coefficients were higher for CumPb than ConPb for most of the neurobehavioral test results. In the group >35 years old, there were significantly stronger associations between CumPb and Digit Symbol and Trail Making Part A results than for Con Pb which are tests of perceptual and motor skills. CumPb was a better prediction than ConPb of the effects of lead on neurobehavorial performances. Topics: age-linked differences; lead; determination in blood; dose-response relationship; nervous function tests; neuropsychic effects; perceptual-motor performance; vehicle repair and servicing.
Neurotoxicology, 1997, Vol.18, No.3, p.793-803. 38 ref.
Benzene exposure of filling station attendants - Proposed method for the retrospective determination
Benzolbelastung bei Tankwarten - Vorschlag für die retrospektive Ermittlung [in German]
Topics: benzene; determination in air; exposure evaluation; filling stations; length of exposure; long-term study; mathematical models; vehicle repair and servicing.
Ergo-Med, Nov.-Dec. 1997, Vol.21, No.6, p.200-205. Illus. 37 ref.
Cattiau P., Lasfargues G., Barbieux C., Brizard A.
Control of asbestos hazards in garages
Prévention du risque amiante dans les garages [in French]
Topics: asbestos; brake linings; bronchial cancer; dust control; exposure evaluation; health engineering; health hazards; job-exposure relation; lung cancer; medical supervision; pleural mesothelioma; respirable dust; respirators; risk factors; substitution; vehicle repair and servicing.
Documents pour le médecin du travail, 1st Quarter 1997, No.69, p.37-43. 19 ref.
Hotz P., Carbonnelle P., Haufroid V., Tschopp A., Buchet J.P., Lauwerys R.
Biological monitoring of vehicle mechanics and other workers exposed to low concentrations of benzene
The diagnostic power of blood and breath benzene and of urinary phenol (PH), catechol (CA), hydroquinone (HQ), S-phenylmercapturic acid (S-PMA) and muconic acid (MA) were compared in 410 male workers exposed to benzene in garages, in two coke plants and in a by-product plant. Benzene exposure was assessed by personal air sampling. In all, 95% of workers were exposed to less than 0.5ppm benzene. Results showed that MA and S-PMA concentrations were fairly good indicators of benzene exposure in the 0.1 to 1ppm range, even in a population comprising both smokers and nonsmokers. PH, HQ, CA and blood and breath benzene were less suitable, if at all, in the same exposure range. Topics: benzene; S-phenylmercapturic acid; coking plants; determination in blood; determination in exhaled air; determination in urine; dose-response relationship; exposure evaluation; exposure tests; garages; personal sampling; smoking; urinary metabolites.
International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health, 1997, Vol.70, No.1, p.29-40. 44 ref.
Mirbod S.M., Yoshida H., Jamali M., Masamura K., Inaba R., Iwata H.
Assessment of hand-arm vibration exposure among traffic police motorcyclists
Topics: dose-response relationship; epidemiologic study; exposure evaluation; hand-arm vibration; motorcycles; police forces; Raynaud's phenomenon; subjective assessment; upper extremity disorders; vibration measurement; work posture.
International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health, 1997, Vol.70, No.1, p.22-28. Illus. 33 ref.
Orris P., Hartman D.E., Strauss P., Anderson R.J., Collins J., Knopp C., Xu Y., Melius J.
Stress among package truck drivers
Topics: deliverymen; drivers; mental stress; physical workload; questionnaire survey; road transport; stress factors; subjective assessment; USA; work organization.
American Journal of Industrial Medicine, Feb. 1997, Vol.31, No.2, p.202-210. 19 ref.
Health and Safety Executive
Isocyanates: Health surveillance in motor vehicle repair
Topics: asthma; data sheet; health service records; irritants; isocyanates; medical supervision; paint spraying; respirators; spray booths; United Kingdom; vehicle repair and servicing.
HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 6FS, United Kingdom, Oct. 1997. 2p. 9 ref.
Chaudron B., Knab A., Bortolameolli C., Dussausoy P., Lerner M.
Bus driver-conductors in the Paris urban area
Le conducteur receveur d'autobus en milieu urbain région parisienne [in French]
Topics: buses; conditions of work; drivers; ergonomic evaluation; France; health hazards; legislation; risk factors; road transport; safety and health engineering; vocational training; work organization; work posture; workplace design.
Cahiers de médecine interprofessionnelle, 1997, Vol.37, No.4, p.459-472 (plus data sheet after p.492). Illus. 15 ref.
Amendments to Annexes A and B of Council Dir. 94/55/EC as announced in Commission Dir. 96/86/EC of 13 Dec. 1996 adapting to technical progress Council Dir. 94/55/EC on the approximation of the laws ... with regard to the transport of dangerous goods by road [European Communites]
Modifications des annexes A et B de la dir. 94/55/CE telles qu'annoncées dans la dir. 96/86/CE portant adaptation au progrès technique de la dir. 94/55/CE relative au rapprochement des législations ... concernant le transport des marchandises dangereuses par route [Communautés européennes] [in French]
For Council Directive 94/55/EC see CIS 95-22; for Commission Directive 96/86/EC see CIS 96-1938. Topics: approval; cellulose; corrosive substances; dangerous substances; directive; European Communities; explosive substances; flammable liquids; flammable substances; gases; labelling; list of chemical substances; loading and unloading; marking; materials handling; organic peroxides; oxidizing substances; packing, filling; radioactive substances; road transport; thermal insulation; toxic substances; transport of materials.
Official Journal of the European Communities - Journal officiel des Communautés européennes, 15 Sep.1997, Vol.40, No.L 251, p. 1-234.
Health and Safety Executive, HM Railway Inspectorate
Railway safety principles and guidance: Part 2, Section G - Guidance on tramways
Topics: electrical safety; glossary; neighbourhood protection; permanent ways; rail transport; road transport; safety by design; safety guides; signalling and communications; tramways; United Kingdom.
HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 6FS, United Kingdom, 1997. vii, 72p. Illus. Price: GBP 11.50.
Feyer A.M., Williamson A., Friswell R.
Balancing work and rest to combat driver fatigue: An investigation of two-up driving in Australia
Topics: Australia; drivers; fatigue; pulse rate; road transport; trucks; work capacity; work-rest schedules.
Accident Analysis and Prevention, July 1997, Vol.29, No.4, p.541-553. 25 ref.
Dalziel J.R., Job R.F.S.
Motor vehicle accidents, fatigue and optimism bias in taxi drivers
Topics: Australia; drivers; fatigue; hours of work; occupational accidents; questionnaire survey; road transport; taxis; workbreaks.
Accident Analysis and Prevention, July 1997, Vol.29, No.4, p.489-494. 22 ref.
Arnold P.K., Hartley L.R., Corry A., Hochstadt D., Penna F., Feyer A.M.
Hours of work, and perceptions of fatigue among truck drivers
Topics: Australia; dangerous occurrences; drivers; fatigue; hours of work; questionnaire survey; road transport; sleep deprivation; trucks.
Accident Analysis and Prevention, July 1997, Vol.29, No.4, p.471-477. 6 ref.
Buratti M., Pellegrino O., Valla C., Fustinoni S., Colombi A.
Biological monitoring of environmental benzene exposure in traffic wardens
Monitoraggio biologico dell'esposizione ambientale a benzene in addetti alla vigilanza urbana [in Italian]
Topics: benzene; determination in air; determination in urine; exhaust gases; exposure tests; Italy; road transport; smoking; urinary metabolites.
Medicina del lavoro, May-June 1997, Vol.88, No.3, p.208-219. Illus. 20 ref.
Health and Safety Executive
Use of all-terrain vehicles (ATVs) fitted with spray equipment
Data sheet on use of agricultural all-terrain vehicles fitted with spray equipment (United Kingdom), 1997. Topics: agricultural equipment; agriculture; crop protection; data sheet; pesticides; safe working methods; safety by design; tractors; trailers; United Kingdom.
HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 6FS, United Kingdom, June 1997. 2p. Illus.
Health and Safety Executive
Power take-offs and power take-off drive shafts
Leaflet on the safe use of tractor power take-offs and power take-off drive shafts (United Kingdom), 1997. Topics: agricultural equipment; data sheet; legislation; power take-offs; safe working methods; safety checks; safety devices; tractors; United Kingdom.
HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 6FS, United Kingdom, June 1997. 10p. Illus.
Health and Safety Executive
Prevention of tractors overturning
Leaflet on the prevention of tractors overturning (United Kingdom), 1997. Topics: agricultural operations; data sheet; information of personnel; preventive maintenance; protection against overturning; safe working methods; tractors; United Kingdom.
HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 6FS, United Kingdom, June 1997. 14p. Illus. 3 ref.
Non-fatal tractor accidents and their prevention
Topics: agricultural equipment; agriculture; Finland; occupational accidents; risk factors; safe working methods; tractors.
Journal of Agromedicine, 1997, Vol.4, No.3/4, p.313-324. Illus. 31 ref.
Hakkola M., Honkasalo M.L., Pulkkinen P.
Changes in neuropsychological symptoms and moods among tanker drivers exposed to gasoline during a work week
In a questionnaire survey of 101 road tanker drivers and a control group of 100 milk delivery drivers, tanker drivers scored significantly higher on the fatigue scale at the end of the work week than before the work week; the difference was smaller among milk delivery drivers. Tanker drivers with long exposure to gasoline showed a significantly steeper increase in the fatigue scale than drivers with short exposure. Acute symptoms (headache, dizziness, nausea, dyspnoea) during exposure situations were reported by 20% of tanker drivers.
Occupational Medicine, Aug. 1997, Vol.47, No.6, p.344-348. 14 ref.
Ore T., Fosbroke D.E.
Motor vehicle fatalities in the United States construction industry
Analysis of data from the U.S. National Traumatic Occupational Fatalities Surveillance System identified 2,144 work-related motor vehicle fatalities in the construction industry during 1980-1992. The annual crude mortality rate was 2.3/100,000 workers. Vehicle-related death rates fell by only 11% during the period, compared with 43% for falls, 54% for electrocutions and 48% for machinery. The largest proportion of motor vehicle deaths occurred among pedestrians; flaggers and surveyors appeared to be particularly at risk. Results highlight the need for better traffic control management in construction work areas to reduce pedestrian fatalities.
Accident Analysis and Prevention, Sep. 1997, Vol.29, No.5, p.613-626. Illus. 67 ref.
Nakaishi H., et al.
Pingueculae and pterygia in motorcycle policemen
A study of 783 motor cycle policemen and 207 control indoor workers in Japan involved periodic eye examinations and recording of pingueculae and pterygia, thought to be associated with corneal and conjunctival microtrauma from exposure to sunlight and/or dust. The overall prevalence of pingueculae was 37.7% among the policemen and 30.6% among the controls. The prevalence of pterygia was too small to be analyzed. It is recommended that motorcycle policemen wear eye protection (goggles, face shields) to prevent the development of these lesions.
Industrial Health, July 1997, Vol.35, No.3, p.325-329. 18 ref.
Stoynev A.G., Minkova N.K.
Circadian rhythms of arterial pressure, heart rate and oral temperature in truck drivers
Circadian rhythms of blood pressure, heart rate and oral temperature were studied in 12 truck drivers and a control group of 12 air traffic controllers. Measurements were taken at regular intervals during 24h periods. During the outward journey, significant acrophase advances were observed for the circadian rhythms of blood pressure and heart rate in the truck drivers compared with the control group. During the homeward journey, these differences were combined with an acrophase delay of the circadian rhythm of oral temperature. Extended working time combined with greater load during a long trip may generate an internal desynchronization of circadian rhythms in long-distance truck drivers.
Occupational Medicine, Apr. 1997, Vol.47, No.3, p.151-154. 18 ref.
Lynge E., et al.
Risk of cancer and exposure to gasoline vapors
Cancer incidence in a cohort of 19,000 service station workers from Denmark, Norway, Sweden and Finland was investigated. The workers were exposed to gasoline vapours with benzene levels estimated to be 0.5-1mg/m3. During 20 years of follow-up 1,300 incident cancers were observed. In comparison with national incidence rates, the exposed cohort showed no excess risk of leukaemia or acute myeloid leukaemia, a 30% elevated risk of kidney cancer, and a previously unnoticed risk of nasal cancer.
American Journal of Epidemiology, 1997, Vol.145, No.5, p.449-458. 75 ref.
Hatjian B., et al.
Risk assessment of occupational exposure to bitumen fumes in the road paving and roofing industries
Exposure to polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) in bitumen fumes was assessed by ambient and biological monitoring of 16 pavers, 13 roofers and 21 unexposed controls. Exposure of pavers and roofers was low in comparison with other industries where exposure to PAHs occurs, but higher than the control group. Significant correlations were observed between airborne PAH exposure indices and urinary 1-hydroxypyrene in the pavers only, and between mean sister chromatid exchange frequency and external PAH exposure expressed as the percentage of exposed subjects in individual groups. Exposure could be further reduced by appropriate control measures.
Journal of Occupational Health and Safety - Australia and New Zealand, Feb. 1997, Vol.13, No.1, p.65-78. Illus. 19 ref.
Engineering control guidelines for hot mix asphalt pavers. Part 1 - New highway-class pavers
These guidelines concern the use of engineering controls to prevent exposure to asphalt fumes during paving operations. It is recommended that paver manufacturers should develop and install exhaust ventilation systems on all new self-propelled hot mix asphalt (HMA) pavers over a specified size. Information on system operation and maintenance should also be supplied by the manufacturers. A laboratory/factory test procedure for HMA pavers is described.
National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH), Publications Dissemination, 4676 Columbia Parkway, Cincinnati, OH 45226-1998, USA, Jan. 1997. v, 21 p. Illus.
These 17 chapters in a major new survey of OSH examine health and safety issues in various manufacturing industries: achieving safer products; robot system safety design; small companies; welding (ergonomics and occupational hygiene); conventional lathes, cutters and upright drilling machines; surface treatment and metal finishing; industrial photographic film developing; woodworking; automotive industry; road vehicle repair; the electronics and electromechanical workplace; mining industry; metallurgical industry; glass industry; printing; shipbuilding and ship repairing.
In: The Workplace (by Brune D. et al., eds), Scandinavian Science Publisher as, Bakkehaugveien 16, 0873 Oslo, Norway, 1997, Vol.2, p.435-648. Illus. Bibl.ref.
These four chapters in a major new survey of OSH examine health and safety issues in the transport industry: the working environment of professional lorry (truck), bus and taxi drivers (injuries and health, seating design, temperature, air quality, information exchange and processing, noise and vibration, field of vision and lights, crash worthiness, assault protection); railways (occupational risks, electrical safety, work at height, manual handling, health issues); air transportation (working environment of the cockpit and cabin); transport of dangerous goods (packaging, classification, labelling).
In: The Workplace (by Brune D. et al., eds), Scandinavian Science Publisher as, Bakkehaugveien 16, 0873 Oslo, Norway, 1997, Vol.2, p.237-296. Illus. Bibl.ref.
Bylund P.O., Björnstig U., Larsson T.J.
Occupational road trauma and permanent medical impairment
Data on occupational vehicle-related accidents in Sweden between 1988 and 1990 were analyzed. The accidents resulted in 466 cases of permanent impairment and 40 deaths. Of the permanently impaired, 55% had only minor injuries, while 76% sustained serious injuries; 37% resulted in permanent decreased work capacity or a change of job. Professional drivers had the highest injury incidence among the different occupational groups, and also had the highest proportion of serious injuries and fatalities. This may be associated with low use of seat belts (16%) compared to other groups where usage was 4-5 times higher.
Safety Science, Aug. 1997, Vol.26, No.3, p.187-200. 27 ref.
Ebbon G.P., et al.
Petroleum products - First aid emergency and medical advice
Part 1 of this report provides first aid and emergency information on motoring-related and petroleum products typically sold by petroleum companies on garage forecourts, including antifreeze, bitumen, brake fluid, diesel fuel, fuel oils, gasoline, and others. Information is also included on emergency treatment for burns, aspiration, and the high pressure injection of liquids under the skin. Part 2 provides supporting information including the effects of composition and additives on the toxicity of petroleum products.
CONCAWE, Madouplein 1, 1210 Bruxelles, Belgium, Mar. 1997. iv, 76p. Illus. Bibl.ref. Index.
High-lift rider trucks - Overhead guards - Specification and testing
Chariots de manutention à grande levée à conducteur porté - Protège-conducteurs - Spécifications et essais [in French]
This international standard specifies the requirements and test methods for overhead guards for any type of high-lift rider truck with a lift height exceeding 1800mm.
International Organization for Standardization, Case postale 56, 1211 Genève 20, Switzerland, 2nd ed., 1997. ii, 4p. Illus.
Pórszász J., et al.
The pattern of gripping force during bus driving
Electromyogram (EMG) recordings of the long finger flexors were carried out on four bus drivers while driving a vehicle with a power steering system under different experimental setups. The gripping forces followed an impulsive pattern with peak values less than the ergonomically allowed long-term limit for gripping force, and with an average duration of less than 4 to 6 seconds. It is concluded that the level of strain on the finger flexors while driving this type of vehicle is not sufficient to contribute to the clinical signs and symptoms of carpal tunnel syndrome.
Central European Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, 1997, Vol.3, No.1, p.67-80. Illus. 17 ref.
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