Road transportation - 1,331 entries found
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The effect of age on cognitive performance under the impact of vibration in a driving environment
The effect of age on human cognitive performance was studied under the impact of vibration in different automobile driving environments, namely city streets, rural roads and highways. Reaction time was measured in milliseconds through a human response measurement system specifically designed for the purpose. Results of the study showed that age had a significant effect in city street and rural road conditions. It was also found that the level of equivalent acceleration of vibration and a difficulty index significantly affected cognitive performance in all driving conditions. However it was found that youngsters and older persons are stressed differently in specific driving environments, suggesting that specific stress management strategies should be developed for them.
International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics, 2004, Vol.10, No.4, p.333-348. Illus. 14 ref.
Becret E., Leray J.M., Muqa F., Pasquier P.
Road haulage drivers
Conducteur routier de transport de marchandises [in French]
Contents of this occupational information sheet on the job of road haulage drivers: characteristics of the job; technical and occupational characteristics; exposures and constraints; health effects and occupational diseases; prevention; medical supervision; regulations; criteria for evaluating work aptitude.
Cahiers de médecine interprofessionnelle, 2004, Vol.44, No.4, 2p. Insert.
Road hazards - Occupational hazards that need to be controlled
Le risque routier - un risque professionnel à maîtriser [in French]
In many enterprises, part of the staff often drive in the course of their work, even though driving does not represent their primary occupation. They face the risk of road accidents. Aimed at employers, this safety guide contains basic principles, practical examples and a summary of legislation applicable to the road hazards faced by non-professional drivers.
Institut national de recherche et de sécurité, 30 rue Olivier-Noyer, 75680 Paris Cedex 14, France, Dec. 2004. 15p. Illus. 2 ref.
http://www.inrs.fr/INRS-PUB/inrs01.nsf/inrs01_search_view_view/3490DA2707BCC84CC1256FF50049C441/$FILE/ed935.pdf [in French]
Health and Safety Executive
Tractor action - A step-by-step guide to using tractors safely
On average, ten persons die and hundreds are injured each year in tractor accidents in the United Kingdom. This safety training guide presents safety procedures for users of tractors or tractor-operated machinery. It is designed for use by safety trainers, both in agricultural colleges and in workplace-based training. It includes safety checklists, case descriptions of accidents and questions for self-appraisal of the understanding of safety issues.
HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 2WA, United Kingdom, 2nd ed., Jan. 2004. iv. 28p. Illus. 19 ref.
http://www.hse.gov.uk/pubns/indg185.pdf [in English]
Gauthier F., Giraud L., Bourbonnière R., Bournival S., Richard J.G., Daigle R., Massé S.
Development of a method for evaluating the means for retaining trucks on transfer docks
Développement d'un outil d'évaluation des mesures de retenue des camions aux quais de transbordement [in French]
During handling operations on loading docks, trucks sometimes start moving unexpectedly and cause a fall of the forklift truck and its operator. A possible means of prevention consists of installing a device for anchoring the truck to the dock. Several systems are commercially available on the market, but not all are effective and reliable. An earlier project consisted of the publication of an inventory of existing anchoring devices. In the present project, a tool for systematically evaluating the safety of systems and means of retention according to the particular context of the dock and the enterprise is developed and validated. The results are presented in the form of a research report and 13 appendices.
Institut de recherche en santé et en sécurité du travail du Québec (IRSST), 505 boul. de Maisonneuve Ouest, Montreal (Quebec) H3A 3C2, Canada, 2004. vii, 50p. Illus. 18 ref. Price: CAD 6.42 (main report) + 13 appendices. Downloadable version (PDF format) free of charge.
http://www.irsst.qc.ca/files/documents/PubIRSST/RA9-381.pdf [in French]
http://www.irsst.qc.ca/files/documents/PubIRSST/RA1-381.pdf [in French]
http://www.irsst.qc.ca/files/documents/PubIRSST/RA10-381.pdf [in French]
http://www.irsst.qc.ca/files/documents/PubIRSST/RA11-381.pdf [in French]
http://www.irsst.qc.ca/files/documents/PubIRSST/RA12-381.pdf [in French]
http://www.irsst.qc.ca/files/documents/PubIRSST/RA13-381.pdf [in French]
http://www.irsst.qc.ca/files/documents/PubIRSST/RA2-381.pdf [in French]
http://www.irsst.qc.ca/files/documents/PubIRSST/RA3-381.pdf ((Version corrigée)) [in French]
http://www.irsst.qc.ca/files/documents/PubIRSST/RA4-381.pdf [in French]
http://www.irsst.qc.ca/files/documents/PubIRSST/RA5-381.pdf [in French]
http://www.irsst.qc.ca/files/documents/PubIRSST/RA6-381.pdf [in French]
http://www.irsst.qc.ca/files/documents/PubIRSST/RA7-381.pdf [in French]
http://www.irsst.qc.ca/files/documents/PubIRSST/RA8-381.pdf ((Version corrigée)) [in French]
http://www.irsst.qc.ca/files/documents/PubIRSST/R-381.pdf ((Version corrigée)) [in French]
European Agreement concerning the international carriage of dangerous goods by road (ADR). Restructured ADR applicable as from 1 January 2005 [United Nations]
Evropejskoe soglašenie o meždunarodnoj dorožnoj perevozke opasnyh gruzov. Izdanie s izmenennoj strukturoj DOPOG [in Russian]
Accord européen relatif au transport international des marchandises dangereuses par route (ADR). ADR restructuré en vigueur le 1er janvier 2005 [Nations Unies] [in French]
This two-volume set comprises the 17 articles of the Agreement, the Protocol of signature and Annexes A and B, which have been restructured on the basis of a proposal by the International Road Transport Union to make the requirements more accessible and to ensure a consistent regulatory framework at European level. This edition takes into account all amendments up to 2004. Annex A covers general provisions concerning dangerous substances and articles, Annex B covers provisions concerning transport equipment and transport operations. Replaces the previous edition (CIS 99-1775).
United Nations, Publications and Sales, Palais des Nations, 1211 Genève 10, Switzerland, 2004. xx, 607p. (Vol.I); x, 563p. (Vol.II). Illus.
http://www.unece.org/trans/danger/publi/adr/adr2005/05ContentsE.html [in English]
http://www.unece.org/trans/danger/publi/adr/adr2005/05ContentsF.html [in French]
http://www.unece.org/trans/danger/publi/adr/adr2005/05ContentsR.html [in Russian]
Bouet A., Petit J.M.
Airbags. Inflatable safety bags. Seatbelt pretensioners - Protection and safety
Airbags. Coussins gonflables de sécurité. Prétendeurs de ceinture - Protections et sécurité [in French]
Passive safety devices in automobiles have allowed important reductions in the number of fatal accidents. After a general overview of the functioning of airbags and seatbelt pretensioners, this guide discusses the risks that are inherent to these systems, together with their corresponding prevention measures. It is primarily aimed at workers involved in the automobile maintenance and repair exposed to the risk of accidental triggering of passive safety devices.
Institut national de recherche et de sécurité, 30 rue Olivier-Noyer, 75680 Paris Cedex 14, France, Oct. 2004. 20p. Illus. 7 ref. Index. Price: EUR 5.10. Downloadable version free of charge.
http://www.inrs.fr/INRS-PUB/inrs01.nsf/inrs01_search_view_view/A386E27D2E60F7BBC1256F560054DB05/$FILE/ed916.pdf [in French]
Marcotte P., Boileau P.E., Boutin J.
Study of the occupational exposure of school bus drivers to noise
Etude de l'exposition professionnelle au bruit des conducteurs d'autobus scolaires [in French]
During the last few years, several school bus drivers have complained about the high level of noise during their work. This project on the evaluation of the risk of hearing loss among these workers was conducted by the Occupational Safety and Health Institute of the Canadian Province of Quebec (Institut de recherche en santé et en sécurité du travail - IRSST), following a request by the school transport association of Quebec (Association du transport écolier du Québec - ATEQ). Exposure of drivers to noise was measured, and the daily noise dose received was computed. The importance of total exposure compared to reference values was also evaluated, together with respective contributions of various sources of noise. The analysis of the results shows that the driving of school buses does not present a serious risk of occupational hearing loss.
Institut de recherche en santé et en sécurité du travail du Québec (IRSST), 505 boul. de Maisonneuve Ouest, Montreal (Quebec) H3A 3C2, Canada, 2004. v, 32p. Illus. 5 ref. Price: CAD 5.35. Downloadable version (PDF format) free of charge.
http://www.irsst.qc.ca/files/documents/PubIRSST/R-364.pdf [in French]
Scarlett A.J., Stockton A.D., Price J.S., Bacon J.M.
Health and Safety Executive
Structural deterioration of tractor safety cabs with age
This investigation was undertaken to determine the prevalence, structural severity and practical implications of the deterioration over time of tractor roll-over protective structures (ROPS). A detailed survey of levels of deterioration of approximately 400 tractors manufactured in the period 1970-1990 was conducted at used agricultural equipment auctions in the United Kingdom. The cabs of seven representative used tractors were partially dismantled to enable detailed visual inspection of deterioration and corrosion present. Five of these vehicles were subsequently subjected to a ROPS structural testing procedure. The implications of the findings are discussed.
HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 2WA, United Kingdom, 2004. vi, 84p. Illus. 10 ref. Price: GBP 25.00. Downloadable version free of charge.
http://www.hse.gov.uk/research/rrpdf/rr251.pdf [in English]
Asbestos in brakes: Exposure and risk of disease
Asbestos has been incorporated into friction products since the early 1900s. During the normal usage of brakes, thermal decomposition of asbestos into forsterite occurs, although not all asbestos is so converted. Short fibres below 5µm in length are also found in brake systems. This article discusses the toxicity of the remaining asbestos fibres and short fibres, together with the health implications of exposure to forsterite. Control methodologies, when used appropriately, have reduced exposure to asbestos during brake servicing, but have not been able to entirely eliminate exposure to asbestos. Even the so called "controlled" use of asbestos-containing brakes poses a health risk to workers, users and their families.
American Journal of Industrial Medicine, Mar. 2004, Vol.45, No.3, p.229-237. 82 ref.
Winkler C., Irwin J.N.
Health and Safety Executive
Safe sites: Driver's perceptions
The HSE has identified the frequency of accidents to delivery drivers on delivery or collection sites as a source of serious concern. There is a wide variation in safety procedures on sites and it is considered that it would be useful to obtain the views of drivers into what constitutes a safe site. A focused investigation was undertaken using structured interviews of 22 drivers selected from enterprises in the logistics sector, using questionnaires targeting eight key areas, complemented by discussion to elicit wider opinions. A number of recommendations is made on the basis of the findings.
HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 2WA, United Kingdom, 2004. x, 52p. Illus. Price: GBP 15.00. Downloadable version free of charge.
http://www.hse.gov.uk/research/rrpdf/rr276.pdf [in English]
Health and Safety Executive
Load security investigation
A leading United Kingdom producer of building materials funded this project carried out at the test driving grounds of the Motor Industries Research Association (MIRA) to assess the stability of a variety of payloads on articulated vehicles during cornering and braking. For the cornering tests, measurements were made of lateral acceleration, semi-trailer roll angle and vehicle speed. For the braking tests, measurements were made of longitudinal acceleration levels and vehicle speed. Payload behaviour during all tests was recorded using a video camera mounted to the semi-trailer. Eleven different payloads were tested, representative of the building materials producer's concrete products range and restraint techniques currently in common use. Results indicate that the stability of the payload was influenced by a number of factors including the restraint system, the materials' packaging and the positioning and orientation of the materials on the truck bed.
HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 2WA, United Kingdom, 2004. vi, 33p. Illus. 1 ref. Price: GBP 20.00. Downloadable version free of charge.
http://www.hse.gov.uk/research/rrpdf/rr272.pdf [in English]
Health and Safety Executive
Guidance for hauliers and others who transport paper and paper products
This booklet provides practical advice to persons involved in transporting paper or paper products. It seeks to help ensure a safe workplace as well as to minimize the specific risk of on-road vehicle instability that can result in overturning. Contents: materials handling; loading and unloading; steel strapping for vertical reels; strapping of horizontal reels; strapping of bales and waste pulp; palletized and mixed loads; vehicle stability; drivers.
HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 2WA, United Kingdom, Apr. 2004. 16p. Illus. 12 ref.
http://www.hse.gov.uk/pubns/indg396.pdf [in English]
Department for Transport
Working with ADR - An introduction to the carriage of dangerous goods by road
Dangerous goods such as explosive, flammable or corrosive substances have inherent hazards. There is a risk that incidents involving these hazards may cause harm to people, property and the environment by explosion, fire or spillage. This booklet is intended as a guide to help enterprises determine whether the incoming or outgoing transport of dangerous goods fall under the Carriage of Dangerous Goods and Use of Transportable Pressure Equipment Regulations 2004 (Carriage Regulations) or the European Commission Directive on the Carriage of Dangerous Goods by Road 2003 (ADR 2003). It does not cover carriage of dangerous goods by rail or by inland waterways, nor the carriage of radioactive materials or transportable pressure equipment.
DfT Publications, PO Box 2236, Wetherby, West Yorkshire LS23 7NB, United Kingdom, 2004. 31p. Illus. 7 ref.
http://www.hse.gov.uk/pubns/cdg.pdf [in English]
Health and Safety - The Carriage of Dangerous Goods and Use of Transportable Pressure Equipment Regulations 2004 [United Kingdom]
These new Regulations act as one consolidated piece of legislation replacing the previous range of regulations on the subject. They implement, in part or completely, several Directives of the European Commission. They replace Regulations S.I. 1987/116 (CIS 90-713), 1988/896 (CIS 89-387), 1991/2097 (CIS 93-1082), 1996/2092 (CIS 97-377), 1996/2093 (CIS 97-375), 1996/2094 (CIS 97-370), 1999/257 (CIS 00-1522), 2001/1426 and 2002/2099 (CIS 03-1040), as well as Regulations modifying these. The main changes introduced are: new limited quantity and load thresholds for transporting dangerous goods; packaging requirements now based on RID/ADR; the transport of diesel, gas oil and heating oil coming fully into scope; new reporting requirements; phasing out of the competent person periodic inspection regime for transportable pressure equipment by 1/7/06. In schedules: old tanks; old pressure receptacles; competent authority functions; conformity assessments and reassessments; periodic inspection procedures; conformity marking; placards, marks and plate markings for carriage within Great Britain.
The Stationery Office Ltd (TSO), PO Box 29, Norwich NR3 1GN, United Kingdom, 2004. 95p. Illus. Price: GBP 9.00.
http://www.hmso.gov.uk/si/si2004/20040568.htm [in English]
Health and Safety Executive
Safe filming and recording involving vehicles
This information note gives guidance on the risks associated with filming and recording of or from vehicles. Main topics covered: legal requirements; risk assessment; what can go wrong; competencies; position of equipment and personnel; restraints on equipment and people; communication; selection of equipment; filming or recording while driving; tracking shots; use of low-loaders and A-frames; exposure to noise; in-built safety measures in cars; high-speed work; dos and dont's.
HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 2WA, United Kingdom, June 2003. 4p. 4 ref.
http://www.hse.gov.uk/PUBNS/etis22.pdf [in English]
HIV/AIDS policy for the transport sector of Zimbabwe
Zimbabwe is among the countries most affected by HIV/AIDS in the world. Current estimates show a prevalence of close to 25% for the 15-49 year age group. The transport sector is among those particularly vulnerable to HIV/AIDS due to the mobility of truck drivers and their attendants, who often travel long distances and spend long periods of time away from their families. The aim of this guide is to direct the process of dealing with HIV/AIDS in the transport sector in Zimbabwe. It is a result of broad based consultations among workers' and employers' representatives, together with relevant government ministries, and draws widely from the ILO Code of Practice for HIV/AIDS in the world of work (see CIS 03-444).
ILO Publications, International Labour Office, 1211 Genève 22, Switzerland, 2003. xii, 28p.
http://www.ilo.org/public/english/region/afpro/harare/download/newsletter/transport_sector.pdf [in English]
HIV/AIDS policy for the transport sector in Zimbabwe
Zimbabwe is among the countries most affected by HIV/AIDS. The transport sector is particularly vulnerable to the HIV/AIDS pandemic due to the mobility of the workforce. Truck drivers often travel long distances and spend long periods away from their families. The HIV/AIDS policy described here was developed as a result of collaboration between the transport sector of Zimbabwe and the ILO. Its aim is to guide and direct the process of dealing with HIV/AIDS in the workplace at all levels in the transport sector of Zimbabwe. Contents: aim and scope of HIV/AIDS policy; legal framework; key principles; policy objectives and strategies; implementation and coordination of policy and programmes; responsibilities; glossary.
ILO Project on HIV/AIDS Prevention in the Transport Sector of Southern Africa - Project Advisory Committee, Zimbabwe, July 2003. xii, 28p.
http://www.ilo.org/public/english/region/afpro/harare/download/newsletter/transport_sector.pdf [in English]
Health and Safety Executive
Health and safety in road haulage
This booklet provides guidance to employers of road haulage enterprises, and particularly those of small enterprises, to improve the occupational safety and health of their employees. Topics addressed: managing safety and health; responsibilities of employers; hazard evaluation; sources of information; short descriptions of typical accidents; legal aspects.
HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 2WA, United Kingdom, Dec. 2003. 11p. Illus. 8 ref.
http://www.hse.gov.uk/pubns/indg379.pdf [in English]
Antonsson A.B., Christensson B., Ancker K.
Do you repair car bodywork?
This booklet is aimed at persons who work in automobile or truck body repair shops and who face the risk of exposure to isocyanates. Among the topics addressed: symptoms of isocyanate exposure (nose and eye irritation, lung function impairment, asthma); limitation of exposure (ventilation, local exhaust, supplied air respirators); safe working methods during sanding, welding and cutting.
Prevent, Box 20133, 104 60 Stockholm, Sweden, 2003. Internet document (pdf format). 22p. Illus. 8 ref.
http://www.prevent.se/doc_pdf/verktyg/pdf/do_you_repair_car.pdf [in English]
Short daily exposure to hand-arm vibrations in Swedish car mechanics
The aim of the study was to examine the daily exposure times to hand-arm vibrations in Swedish car mechanics, to test a sampling method for estimating the exposure time and to use the results for predicting the prevalence of vibration-induced white finger (VWF) by the ISO 5349 model. A total of 51 mechanics working in six garages were observed, most of them on two different working days, yielding estimates for 95 days. The median effective exposure time was ten minutes per day, and most of the exposure time was attributable to fastening and loosening nuts. The within-worker and between-worker variability was high. Based on these observations, the ISO 5349 model predicts that only 3% of the car mechanics will suffer from VWF after 20 years of exposure. In contrast, a recent survey of VWF among car mechanics showed the prevalence to be 25%. These differences are discussed and proposals are made for improved observation.
Applied Occupational and Environmental Hygiene, Jan. 2003, Vol.18, No.1, p.35-40. Illus. 24 ref.
Ballue C., Lavergne G., Vernois G.
Delivery of beverages in cafés, hotels, restaurants and discotheques
Livraisons de boissons dans les cafés, hôtels, restaurants et discothèques [in French]
This guide covers client-supplier relationships in the distribution of beverages other than to individual homes. It is aimed at managers of cafés, hotels, restaurants and discotheques. It complements the guide entitled "Distribution of beverages for consumption other than in individual homes" ("La distribution de boissons en consommation hors domicile", INRS ED 892). Contents: duties and responsibilities of managers; occupational safety and health issues; good occupational safety and health practices in client-supplier relationships.
Institut national de recherche et de sécurité, 30 rue Olivier-Noyer, 75680 Paris Cedex 14, France, Sep. 2003. 6p. Illus. 10 ref. Price: EUR 1.50. Downloadable version free.
http://www.inrs.fr/inrs-pub/inrs01.nsf/inrs01_search_view_view/2EE8E4E9DB4EAEAAC1256DC6003FB947/$FILE/ed915.pdf [in French]
Hella F., Schouller J.F., Clément D.
Ergonomic approach aimed at assisting the docking of road transport trucks
Démarche ergonomique d'assistance à la mise à quai de camions de transport routier [in French]
Risks of accidents during the reversing of trailer trucks into freight-handling bays are increasing. Systems aimed at improving visibility during reversing constitute one of the means of helping drivers during these manoeuvres. The efficiency of these systems in the prevention of accidents lies in their ability to take operators' needs into account and to analyse the specific perceptual difficulties that they face when reversing. The first phase of this project involved the identification of strategies deployed by drivers during various types of reversing manoeuvres with trailer trucks. These strategies were then decomposed and compared to the strategies of truck driving instructors, enabling a first approach to the definition of a manoeuvre to be taught to the drivers.
Travail humain, July 2003, Vol. 66, No.3, p.283-304. Illus. 25 ref.
Brossard R., Certin J.F., Gendre J.C., Calvez M.J., Koutchevsky M.A., L'Hour P., Tregoat C., Verhelst C.
Evaluation of exposure to asphalt fumes during road paving
Evaluation de l'exposition aux fumées de bitume lors de travaux routiers [in French]
The objective of this study was to assess occupational exposure to asphalt fumes during road paving with hot mix asphalt (HMA) or asphalt cement, liquefied hot asphalt and emulsified asphalt. Eleven sites of seven companies were tested from June to September 2001. For each categoy of jobs, personal air samples were taken, and PAH, benzo(a)pyrene (BAP), pyrene and the solvent-soluble fraction, called "total fumes", were measured. Urinary hydroxypyrene was determined at the beginning and end of shifts and three hours postshift. PAH concentrations were high during liquefied hot asphalt laying. The highest exposures to total fumes were found during manual hot mix asphalt laying. Exposures were generally low for hot mix asphalt (aphalt cement) and emulsified asphalt laying. No values for BAP were over the threshold limit value of 150ng/m3, while 20% of the values for total asphalt fumes were over the TLV of 0.5mg/m3. The values of urinary hydroxypyrene are acceptable and comparable to those of unexposed workers.
Archives des maladies professionnelles et de médecine du travail, May 2003, Vol.64, No.3, p.157-164. 5 ref.
Lazure L., Abdellaoui H., Lesage J., Charette M.
Evaluation of the confinement of preparation areas during paint spraying
Evaluation du confinement des aires de préparation lors de l'application de peinture [in French]
Automobile body paint shops are a priority target for the prevention of occupational asthma caused by isocyanates. The Occupational Health and Safety Institute of the Canadian Province of Quebec (l'Institut de recherche en santé et en sécurité du travail - IRSST) conducted two earlier studies on the evaluation of isocyanate exposure levels and on the efficiency of paint spray booths. For a full understanding of the levels of exposure to isocyanates in automobile body paint shops, it was also necessary to obtain data on the workstations situated outside the spray booths, in particular in the ventilated preparation area often used for certain types of paint preparation work. This report presents the results of evaluations of the potential exposure levels and the efficiency of systems used for eliminating contaminants present in workplace atmospheres of these preparation areas.
Institut de recherche en santé et en sécurité du travail du Québec (IRSST), 505 boul. de Maisonneuve Ouest, Montreal (Quebec) H3A 3C2, Canada, 2003. 61p. Illus. 11 ref. Price: CAD 6.42. Downloadable version (PDF format) free of charge.
http://www.irsst.qc.ca/files/documents/PubIRSST/R-353.pdf [in French]
Technical reference for compressed natural gas (CNG) vehicle workshop and personnel requirements
This technical reference sets out requirements for the premises, personnel and procedures for work on compressed natural gas (CNG) vehicles, such as installation of fuel systems, inspection, maintenance, servicing and repairs.
SPRING Singapore, 2 Bukit Merah Central, Singapore 159835, Republic of Singapore, 2003. 35p. Illus. Price: SGD 30.60.
Behrens H., Janßen W.
Bundesanstalt für Arbeitsschutz und Arbeitsmedizin
Functional tests of ultrasonic ranging warning systems
Funktionsuntersuchungen an Ultraschall-Rangier-Warneinrichtungen [in German]
Many fatal accidents occur during the reversing of trucks, earthmoving equipment and fork-lift trucks. A German standard specifying the testing and use of reversing distance sensors (DIN 75031) is aimed at reducing these hazards. This report presents the results of a project to evaluate the ability of reversing distance sensors to recognize obstacles. Three commercially available ultrasonic ranging systems were tested according to DIN 75031. It was found that required safety levels were not always achieved and that reversing distance sensors exhibit significant shortcomings. Additional research efforts are necessary to improve practicability and recognition ratios.
Wirtschaftsverlag NW, Postfach 10 11 10, 27511 Bremerhaven, Germany, 2003. 58p. Illus. 7 ref. Price: EUR 8.50.
Verma Y., Kumar A., Rana S.V.S.
Biological monitoring of exposure to benzene in traffic policemen of north India
Traffic controllers face the risk of exposure to benzene present in the ambient air as a component of fuel exhaust. Inhaled benzene is metabolized and excreted as phenol. Six traffic policemen employed at each of six major towns of north India were monitored during these investigations. 30 healthy persons (five per city) who had never been occupationally exposed to benzene and lived in clean surroundings were selected as controls. Among the exposed subjects, it was observed that urinary phenol was much higher than the values prescribed by ACGIH. Furthermore, social habits such as alcohol consumption and smoking were found to modulate benzene metabolism. It was noticed that smoking synergizes the effect of benzene whereas antagonistic effects of alcohol were observed.
Industrial Health, July 2003, Vol.41, No.3, p.260-264. Illus. 24 ref.
Driving without shaking
La conduite sans les secousses [in French]
Set of three booklets providing guidance on the selection and maintenance of suspension seats. Each is separately aimed at mechanics responsible for the maintenance of suspension seats used in fork-lift trucks, at distributors of seats for agricultural equipment and at occupational safety and health personnel responsible for the selection and replacement of tractor and agricultural equipment seats.
Institut national de recherche et de sécurité (INRS), 30 rue Olivier-Noyer, 75680 Paris cedex 14, France, 2001. 8p, Illus.; 2003. 10p. Illus.; 1998. 22p. Illus (3 booklets.).
Martins P.J.F., D'Almeida V., Vergani N., Perez A.B.A., Tufik S.
Increased plasma homocysteine levels in shift working bus drivers
Previous studies have indicated an association between shift work and cardiovascular disease. There is also considerable epidemiological evidence that hyperhomocysteinaemia is an independent risk factor for cardiovascular disorders. In this study, blood samples were collected from 30 Brazilian male shift-working long-haul bus drivers and analysed for plasma levels of homocysteine, folic acid, vitamin B12 and serum lipids. A group of 22 daytime workers served as controls. The incidence of mutations in the gene coding for methylene tetrahydrofolate, an enzyme which is related to hyperhomocysteinemia, was also assessed. Polysomnographic recordings were obtained from the target group. It was found that bus drivers showed significantly higher levels of plasma homocysteine than the control group (18.57 and 9.43µM, respectively). Most of the other biochemical, behavioural and molecular parameters did not differ between groups. Likewise, sleep parameters appeared to be within the normal range. These results suggest that hyperhomocysteinemia may be involved in the increased incidence of cardiovascular diseases observed in shift workers.
Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Sep. 2003, Vol.60, No.9, p.662-666. 36 ref.
Thermovision systems in automobiles?
Czy termowizja znajdzie zastosowanie w samochodach? [in Polish]
This article discusses some of the problems associated with using thermovision systems in cars. The main aim of these systems is to improve road safety and comfort during night driving and when visibility is low.
Bezpieczeństwo pracy, June 2003, No.6, p.18-20. Illus. 10 ref.
Barregard L., Ehrenström L., Marcus K.
Hand-arm vibration syndrome in Swedish car mechanics
To assess the frequency of hand-arm vibration syndrome (HAVS) among car mechanics and the relation between HAVS and duration of exposure, 806 mechanics answered a questionnaire on vascular and neurological symptoms and exposure to vibrations. Mechanics with symptoms, and some mechanics without symptoms, were invited to a clinical examination. The mean daily exposure to vibrating tools (mainly using nut-runners) was 14 minutes, and the mean length of time in the job was 12 years. Published data have shown vibration levels in nut-runners of about 3.5m/s2. 24% reported cold-induced white finger (WF), 25% persistent numbness and 13% reduced grip force. The clinical examination showed a prevalence of vibration-induced white finger of about 15%, reaching 25% for workers with over 20 years of exposure. The clinical examination revealed neurological symptoms in the hands in about 25% of the subjects, mainly at stage 2. After 20 years, the prevalence was 40%.
Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Apr. 2003, Vol.60, No.4, p.287-294. Illus. 52 ref.
Delgado Cobos P., Porcel Muñoz J., Abril Muñoz I., Torres Prieto N., Terán Rodríguez A., Zugasti Makazaga A.
Dermal exposure to chemical substances - Quantitative study in automobile paint shops
Exposición dérmica a sustancias químicas - Estudio cuantitativo en talleres de pintura de coches [in Spanish]
Following a review of the various forms of dermal exposure and the key factors involved in the skin absorption of chemical substances, this article presents the results of a quantitative study on skin exposure carried out in automobile paint shops. Exposures were determined for the various tasks including filling the spray gun, spraying and spray gun cleaning. Hand exposures are much higher during spray gun filling and cleaning than during spraying (920 and 926mg/h as compared to 159mg/h). Body exposure is higher during spraying than during spray gun cleaning; during both of these tasks, the lower extremities are the most exposed.
Prevención, trabajo y salud, 2003, No.27, p.26-33. Illus. 12 ref.
LPG vehicles - Use them safely
Véhicules au GPL - Intervenir en sécurité [in French]
After an introduction on the basic properties of liquefied petroleum gas (LPG), this practical data sheet goes on to present the main precautions to be observed in order to limit the risks related to their presence during work on vehicles using LPG as fuel. Contents: hazards; rules to be observed when working on a vehicle (training, general rules, work on LPG tanks); rules to be observed after work on a vehicle; emergency procedures. In boxes: burn-off and degassing procedures; passing the vehicle through paint spray booths.
Institut national de recherche et de sécurité (INRS), 30 rue Olivier-Noyer, 75680 Paris cedex 14, France, 2003. 4p. Illus. 6 réf.
http://www.inrs.fr/htm/vehicules_au_gpl_intervenir_en_securite.html [in French]
Work-related roadway crashes - Challenges and opportunities for prevention
Work-related highway accidents are estimated to have caused 12,000 deaths in the United States between 1992 and 2000. This report provides a comprehensive view of the problem. It identifies the groups of workers at greatest risk, summarizes accident causes and recommends preventive measures. Contents: data on work-related road driving accidents; regulations and standards addressing occupational roadway safety; driver fatigue; special issues relating to truck safety; driver distraction and cell phone use; age-related factors; fleet safety issues; strategies for preventing work-related road driving accidents; research needs.
Publications Dissemination, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH), 4676 Columbia Parkway, Cincinnati, OH 45226-1998, USA, Sep. 2003. xiv, 92p. Illus. 181 ref.
http://www.cdc.gov/niosh/docs/2003-119/ [in English]
Health and Safety Executive
Driving at work - Managing work-related road safety
It is estimated that one third of road accidents involve persons at work at the time. Health and safety regulations apply to road driving during work similarly to all work activities, and risks need to be effectively managed within a health and safety management system. This guidance note is aimed at employers, managers or supervisors having staff who use road vehicles (including bicycles or motorcycles) in the course of their work. Contents: legal responsibilities; benefits of managing work-related road safety; managing work-related road safety; evaluating the risks on the road.
HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 2WA, United Kingdom, Sep. 2003. 21p. Illus. 25 ref.
http://www.hse.gov.uk/pubns/indg382.pdf [in English]
Lead exposure in radiator repair workers: A survey of Washington State radiator repair shops and review of occupational lead exposure registry data
The goals of this study were to determine the number of radiator repair workers potentially exposed to lead in the state of Washington, estimate the extent of blood lead data underreporting, describe current safety and health practices in radiator repair shops and determine appropriate intervention strategies to reduce exposure and increase employer and worker awareness. Lead exposure in Washington radiator repair workers was assessed by reviewing data from the state's official blood lead reporting registry and by conducting a statewide survey of radiator repair businesses. This study revealed that 226 workers in Washington (including owner-operators and all employees) conduct repair activities that could potentially result in excessive exposures to lead. Only 26% of radiator repair workers with elevated blood lead levels (≥25µg/dL) reported to the state's Registry. This study also revealed a lack of awareness of the health effects of lead, appropriate industrial hygiene controls and the requirements of the Lead Standard.
Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, July 2003, Vol.45, No.7, p.724-733. Illus. 17 ref.
Health and Safety Executive
Transport fatal accidents and FN-curves: 1967-2001
This report presents transport fatal accident data and empirically based curves plotting the frequency of fatal accidents against the number for fatalities (FN-curves). The objectives were firstly to compare the frequencies and severities of fatal railway accidents with those of road and air transport, and secondly to present FN-curves showing the severities and frequencies of fatal main line train accidents, separately identifying those which are preventable by automatic train protection systems. Data for 1967-2001 on all United Kingdom transport fatal accidents having caused ten or more fatalities on all modes of transport are presented and analysed, together with all mainline train accidents having caused 20 or more fatalities in the fifteen countries of the European Union.
HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 2WA, United Kingdom, 2003. iv, 30p. Illus. 17 ref. Price: GBP 10.00.
http://www.hse.gov.uk/research/rrpdf/rr073.pdf [in English]
Berrington K., Pitt R., Porteous H.
Health and Safety Executive
Transport at work: Rollover of lorries transporting paper reels
The purpose of this study was to review the rollover risk of trucks carrying paper reels in the light of current regulations and best practice, by theoretical and practical analysis of the operations of a haulage company specializing in paper reels. It focused on the centre of gravity of loads judged to be vulnerable to rollover on the basis of the laws of physics and accident reports. A series of road trials were carried out with laden trucks, during which acceleration vectors and other parameters were measured. The analysis included examining the effect of natural oscillations and identifying instability factors such as load movement. Little evidence was found to support any major change in existing best-practice, except for the highest loads where there was an inherent rollover risk. The rollover risk may be eliminated by good driving augmented by maximum speed recommendations on sharp bends and roundabouts.
HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 2WA, United Kingdom, 2003. viii, 35p. Illus. 12 ref. Price: GBP 10.00.
http://www.hse.gov.uk/research/rrpdf/rr098.pdf [in English]
Health and Safety Executive
Unloading petrol from tankers
This code of practice on unloading motor fuel from road tankers aims to reduce the risks of fires and explosions and prevent falls from road tankers during unloading operations at filling stations. It gives practical guidance on avoiding overfilling storage tanks, controlling ignition sources, dealing with spillages and fall prevention. It details the steps operators should take to comply with Regulation 6 of the Dangerous Substances and Explosive Atmospheres Regulations 2002 (DSEAR), regarding safe unloading of petrol from road tankers, and Regulation 13(1), (2) and (3) of the Workplace (Health, Safety and Welfare) Regulations 1992 (The Workplace Regulations, see CIS 98-125) regarding the prevention of falls from tankers.
HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 2WA, United Kingdom, May 2003. iv, 20p. 21 ref. Price: GBP 9.00.
Fenn B., Hanley J., Simmons I., Smith T.
Health and Safety Executive
The security of cross loaded round timber
The objective of this project was to examine whether current methods of transport for cross loaded round timber were safe to staff and other road users. This involved analysing the load shedding mechanism, the factors which trigger load movement, the methods of load restraint and the implications for driver loading. A test programme was produced to analyse the vehicle response during simulated cornering and manoeuvring, concentrating on the vehicle and load stability. In addition, a limited number of tests to monitor the vehicle and load during braking were also undertaken. The report presents a full analysis, discusses the problems and potential solutions, and makes recommendations.
HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 2WA, United Kingdom, 2003. iv, 60p. Illus. 16 ref. Price: GBP 25.00.
http://www.hse.gov.uk/research/rrpdf/rr077.pdf [in English]
Massaccesi M., Pagnotta A., Soccetti A., Masali M., Masiero C., Greco F.
Investigation of work-related disorders in truck drivers using RULA method
A high incidence of spinal disorders is observed in professional drivers. A group of 77 drivers of garbage-collection vehicles who sit in a standard posture and of road cleaning vehicles, who drive with the neck and trunk flexed and twisted, was studied using RULA, a method for the evaluation of the exposure to risk factors associated with work-related upper-limb disorders. A significant association was found between trunk and neck scores and all self-reported pains, aches or discomforts in the trunk or neck regions in all subjects. In particular, the neck score was significant in both postures, reflecting high loading of the neck. Significantly different posture scores were also recorded for drivers using adjustable and non-adjustable seats.
Applied Ergonomics, July 2003, Vol.34, No.4, p.303-307. Illus. 19 ref.
El-Fadel M., El-Hougeiri N.
Indoor air quality and occupational exposures at a bus terminal
Assessment of indoor air quality was inestigated at a bus terminal. For this purpose, field surveys were conducted, and air samples were collected and analysed for the presence of selected indoor air quality indicators. Mathematical modelling was performed to simulate bus emission rates, occupational exposure and ventilation requirements to maintain acceptable indoor air quality. A sensitivity analysis based on literature-derived emission rate estimates was conducted to evaluate the effect of seasonal temperature changes within the terminal. It was found that carbon monoxide and suspended particulate concentrations generally exceeded recommended levels. Modelling results showed that the natural ventilation rate should be at least doubled for acceptable indoor air quality.
Applied Occupational and Environmental Hygiene, July 2003, Vol.18, No.7, p.513-522. Illus. 32 ref.
Road hazards: ASF and safety of the "men in yellow"
Risque routier: ASF et la sécurité des "hommes en jaune" [in French]
This article describes the preventive measures undertaken by a motorway operating company for protecting their employees working in presence of a continuous flow of vehicles, namely patrollers, road workers and motorway maintenance staff. These measures include awareness campaigns aimed at motorway users, increasing the visibility of workers and advanced signalling of their presence, including by the use of robots.
Travail et sécurité, Jan. 2003, No.625, p.2-9. Illus.
Van Thillo F.
Causes of stress among transport workers
Les causes du stress chez les ouvriers du transport [in French]
This article summarizes the report of a study carried out by the Belgian union of transport workers on the causes of stress in the various sub-sectors of road transport. Around 1300 persons working in 50 enterprises were surveyed and questioned on work organization, personnel policies, supervision, social aspects, working conditions during driving, personal aspects and causes of stress. A short description of the problems identified and the corresponding action plans is presented. The impact of the European Directive on working time on the road transport sector in Belgium is briefly discussed.
Travail et bien-être, Mar.-Apr. 2002, No.2, p.5-11. Illus.
A total of 144 persons died in work-related incidents involving tractors between 1989 and 1992 in Australia. This fact sheet summarizes the data in a report on work-related fatalities involving tractors during this period and describes several cases of accidents. Statistics are provided by age group, occupation, industry, type of incident, location, activity, causal agent, pathophysiological cause of death and contributing factors. Most common features of the incidents are: rollovers, run overs, falls, strikes by a falling object and being caught in machinery.
National Occupational Health and Safety Commission (NOHSC), GPO Box 58, Sydney NSW 2001, Australia, [c2002]. 6p. Illus. 4 ref.
http://www.nohsc.gov.au/PDF/Statistics/Tractorsfactsheet.pdf [in English]
Hauptverband der gewerblichen Berufsgenossenschaften (HVBG)
Inspection of vehicles by experts
Prüfung von Fahrzeugen durch Sachkundige [in German]
Contents of these guidelines of the German Mutual Occupational Accident Insurance Association concerning the annual inspection of vehicles by safety experts: scope; definitions; inspection results and records; use of check-lists; basic check-lists and lists specific to each type of vehicle. In appendices: example of a certificate for controlled vehicles; example of a certification label for controlled vehicles; related directives, rules and standards.
Carl Heymanns Verlag KG, Luxemburgerstrasse 449, 50939 Köln, Germany, Oct. 2002. 111p. Illus.
Fischer S., Göres B., Gondek K.H., Sayn D.
Effects of vibrations at the workstations of drivers of trucks of up to 7.5 tons
Schwingungseinwirkung an Arbeitsplätzen von Kraftfahrern auf Lastkraftwagen bis 7,5 t zul. Gesamtgewicht [in German]
In the context of a study on the vibrations to which drivers of trucks and tractors of over 7.5 tons are subjected, data were also collected for trucks with a maximum permissible laden weight of 7.5 tons. 45 vehicles were equipped with instrumentation for measuring vibration and vibration acceleration during typical journeys at the point of anchoring of the seat in the cab as well as on the drivers' body along three axes (back/chest, shoulder/shoulder and vertically along the spinal column). Results indicate that the spectral distribution and intensity of the vibrations are comparable to those recorded for trucks of more than 7.5 tons.
Hauptverband der gewerblichen Berufsgenossenschaften, Alte Heerstrasse 111, 53754 Sankt Augustin, Germany, Sep. 2002. 131p. Illus. 16 ref.
http://www.hvbg.de/d/bia/pub/rep/rep04/pdf_datei/biar0302/text.pdf [in German]
Health and Safety Commission
Approved carriage list - Information approved for the carriage of dangerous goods by road and rail other than explosives and radioactive material
This Approved Carriage List was approved for the purposes of the Carriage of Dangerous Goods (Classification, Packaging and Labelling) and Use of Transportable Pressure Receptacles Regulations 1996 (CIS 97-377), the Carriage of Dangerous Goods by Road Regulations 1996 (CIS 97-1081), and the Carriage of Dangerous Goods by Rail Regulations 1996 (CIS 97-369). It updates and replaces an earlier edition (CIS 96-2253). For each dangerous substance in the list, information is provided on: shipping name; UN number; classification for carriage; packing group; emergency action code; whether or not the substance can be carried in tanks or in bulk; and any special provisions.
HSE Books, P.O.Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 2WA, United Kingdom, 3rd ed., 2002. iv, 228p. lllus. 14 ref. Price: GBP 14.75.
Occupational Safety and Health Research Institute
Research into the toxic substances to which transportation workers are exposed and the development of health management programmes
Woon soo up gunroja ei youhae yoin nochul siltae mit kunkang kwan ri bang an kae balul wi han youn gu [in Korean]
This report presents research activities carried out to promote effective health management and medical supervision programmes for workers in the road transport sector. The project involved examining the health of professional drivers and investigating harmful physical and chemical agents at workplaces in order to propose the implementation of suitable health management programmes. It was found that the most frequent diseases among professional drivers in the Republic of Korea were hypertension, heart disease, liver diseases, diabetes and other chronic diseases. The table of contents includes: introduction; medical surveys; exposure to toxic substances during work; health management and working condition surveys; summary and recommendations.
Korea Occupational Safety and Health Agency, 34-4 Gu-san dong, Bupyung gu, Inchon 403-711, Republic of Korea, 2002. 116p. Illus. 52 ref.
Psychosocial and other related factors contributing to road accidents in ports
The objectives of this study were to investigate the psychosocial factors contributing to road accidents in ports, to establish the importance of other factors and to suggest remedial actions. 727 vehicle drivers and 119 managers participated in the study. Participants responded to questionnaires and were administered a series of psychological tests. Accident reports from the port administration records were also analysed. It was found that there were three main factors contributing to accidents: poor vehicle conditions, environmental factors such as weather and behavioural factors including stress, driving at excessive speeds because of incentive payments and driving under the influence of alcohol or narcotics. A number of recommendations are proposed for reducing the level of road accidents in ports.
INDOSHNEWS, Jan.-Mar. 2002, Vol.7, No.1, p.7-11. 8 ref.
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