Domestic workers - 84 entries found
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Burel A., Gonzales F., Baron R., Dewitte J.D.
Housekeeping assistance: A little-known occupation
Une profession méconnue: aide-ménagère [in French]
Whereas publications have already been devoted to the occupation of nursing auxiliary, far less attention has been paid to that of domestic helpers. A study was undertaken to describe the working conditions, and the prevalence of bone and joint disorders and/or psychological problems among domestic helpers. The survey was conducted within the framework of a domestic helpers' association in the area around the French city of Brest. It also focussed on persons benefitting from domestic help. From the results of the survey, some preventive approaches are proposed in order to avoid difficult situations arising from the sometimes very close bonds between the women who work as domestic helpers and the persons in their care.
Archives des maladies professionnelles et de médecine du travail, Oct. 2000, Vol.61, No.6, p.379-388. Illus. 4 ref.
Contagious diseases in the working environment - Part 4/5
This videotape is part of a series of five films on contagious diseases (HIV, hepatitis C and B, tuberculosis, etc.) in the working environment (see also CIS 00-550, CIS 00-551, CIS 00-552 and CIS 00-554). This film focuses on infection risk situations which could be experienced by taxi and bus drivers, cleaners, restaurant and pub doormen, and library and shop workers, and which could give rise to the possibility of their becoming carriers of a contagious disease through contact with body fluids.
EURO TV-News/Educational films, PL 1243, 96101 Rovaniemi, Finland, 2000. Videotape (VHS) (length: approx. 30min).
Yéboué-Kouamé B.Y., Bonny J.S., Ahimon E., Ahoussi E., Wognin S.B., Eholié S.P., Kouassy M.Y.
Epidemiological study of tetanus in Abidjan and implications for occupational health
Etude épidémiologique du tétanos à Abidjan et incidences professionnelles [in French]
To estimate occupational factors in the development of tetanus and the role occupational health in its prevention, a retrospective study was conducted, based on the files of tetanus in the infectious diseases unit of an Ivory Coast university hospital between 1990 and 1995. 393 new cases or 65.5 cases per year were registered. The sex ratio was 4.3 in favour of men. Among the cases, 5% had received anti-tetanus serum. Only one patient was correctly vaccinated. The portal was a recent wound in 50% of the cases, and the location was the lower limbs in 63.9% of the patients. In 54.4% of the files, a relation between tetanus and the occupation was mentioned. Shopkeepers, restaurant owners, domestic employees and housewives appeared more exposed. Prevention of tetanus would require the development of occupational health and mandatory anti-tetanus vaccination of workers in the sectors of activity identified as being risky.
Archives des maladies professionnelles et de médecine du travail, May 1999, Vol.60, No.2, p.132-135. 10 ref.
Palmer K.T., Coggon D., Bendall H.E., Pannett B., Griffin M.J., Haward B.M.
Health and Safety Executive
Hand-transmitted vibration: Occupational exposures and their health effects in Great Britain
Based on the responses of approximately 13,000 men and women of working age selected at random in the United Kingdom to a questionnaire on exposure to vibration at work, the main conclusions of the survey are: approximately 4.2 million men and 0.7 million women are exposed to hand-transmitted vibration (HTV) at work in any one-week period; the occupations and industries with the highest exposures among men include metal-working production, carpenters, electricians, motor mechanics, plumbers, heating and ventilation workers, bricklayers and gardeners; exposure to HTV is a common cause of Raynaud's phenomenon among men; the most commonly used tools were hammer drills, hand-held portable grinders and jig saws; among women, highest exposures were for floor polishing among domestic workers and cleaners.
HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 2WA, United Kingdom, Sep. 1999. vi, 149p. Illus. 67 ref. Price: GBP 37.50.
Jolanki R., Estlander T., Alanko K., Savela A., Kanerva L.
Incidence rates of occupational contact urticaria caused by natural rubber latex
Topics: allergens; domestic and related helpers, cleaners; Finland; frequency rates; health care personnel; laboratory work; latex; morbidity; natural rubber; skin allergies; statistical evaluation; statistics; urticaria.
Contact Dermatitis, June 1999, Vol.40, No.6, p.329-331. Illus. 24 ref.
Targeting the intolerable: A new international Convention to eliminate the worst forms of child labour
L'intolérable en point de mire: une nouvelle convention internationale pour éliminer les pires formes de travail des enfants [in French]
Señalando lo intolerable: Una nueva convención internacional para eliminar las peores formas de trabajo infantil [in Spanish]
The Worst Forms of Child Labour Convention, 1999 (No. 182), is complemented by the Worst Forms of Child Labour Recommendation, 1999 (No. 190). Topics: agriculture; brick and tile industry; carpet weaving; child labour; conditions of work; deep-sea fishing; domestic service; glass industry; ILO; international agreements; match manufacturing industry; mining industry; recovery of substances; role of workers organizations; sex workers; slate; tanning industry; training manuals; training material.
ILO Publications, International Labour Office, 1211 Genève 22, Switzerland, 1999. 57p. (17 leaflets and 1 booklet in a folder).
Henry S.C., Estryn-Behar M., Personne de Chalex M., Guenane L., Fatmi S.
Ergonomic evaluation of three floor cleaning techniques
Observation ergonomique du lavage des sols selon trois techniques [in French]
Topics: cleaning; domestic and related helpers, cleaners; ergonomic evaluation; ergonomics; evaluation of equipment; evaluation of technique; flooring; France; heavy work; questionnaire survey; work posture.
Documents pour le médecin du travail, 2nd Quarter 1998, No.74, p.125-130. Illus. 5 ref.
Gründemann R.W.M., Van Vuuren C.V.
Preventing absenteeism at the workplace: A European portfolio of case studies
Topics: case study; chemical industry; construction industry; domestic and related helpers, cleaners; electric power generation; electrical industry; Europe; food industry; government services; hospitals; metalworking industry; motivation; motor vehicle industry; postal services; pottery industry; printing industry; psychology of absenteeism; public transport; report; sickness absenteeism; waste disposal; water supply.
European Foundation for the Improvement of Living and Working Conditions, Wyattville Road, Loughlinstown, Co. Dublin, Ireland, 1998. viii, 162p. Illus. 11 ref.
Bertucat I., Colomb C.
On domestic workers
Approche de la profession de travailleuse familiale [in French]
This study was conducted to quantify the degree of discontent expressed by domestic workers during medical consultations with an occupational physician. While domestic work would appear to be satisfying in itself, many women were at risk of depressive illness. There is a need for increased training and support to help these women overcome the problems encountered in their daily contact with deprived families. Topics: conditions of work; depressive neurosis; domestic and related helpers, cleaners; mental health; questionnaire survey; sickness absenteeism; state of health; women.
Archives des maladies professionnelles et de médecine du travail, Apr. 1998, Vol.59, No.2, p.84-90. 6 ref.
Labour Code [El Salvador]
Decreto Nº15 de 23 junio de 1972. Código de trabajo con reformas incorporadas hasta 1997 [El Salvador] [in Spanish]
Relevant subjects covered by the El Salvador Labour Code: general provisions; workers subject to special protection; internal rules within enterprises; costs to be borne by the employer; occupational safety and health; occupational risks.
Internet version (122p. when printed on A4 paper).
http://natlex.ilo.org/txt/s95slv01.htm [in Spanish]
Beaucousins M., Chischportich J.J., Haëntjens C., Ponroy B., Segalen M., Robé V.
L'agent de propreté [in French]
Topics: cleaning; conditions of work; data sheet; domestic and related helpers, cleaners; France; health hazards; legislation; occupational diseases; occupations.
Cahiers de médecine interprofessionnelle, 1997, Vol.37, No.1. 2p. Insert.
Morales Suárez-Varela M.M., Llopis González A., Marquina Vila A., Cerjudo Ferragud A.I., Fuertes A.
Work activity and non-melanoma skin cancer
La actividad laboral en relación con el cáncer cutáneo no melanoma [in Spanish]
The incidence of non-melanoma skin cancer (NMSC) is increasing, and the risk of developing this disease is higher in areas with long hours of sunshine, as in Valencia in Spain. A study was made in a hospital in Valencia during the period 1977-1993, with the aim of establishing occupations at higher risk of NMSC and major risk factors. Results showed that domestic and agricultural activities were the groups most associated with NMSC, as were a light skin complexion and the presence of pre-existing skin lesions in both groups. Tobacco smoking and alcohol consumption were most frequent among agricultural workers. Concerning the type of tumor involved, squamous cell carcinoma was the most common tumor in the agricultural sector, while basal cell carcinoma was the most common tumor among domestic workers. Topics: agriculture; alcoholism; carcinoma; chemical products; domestic service; job-exposure relation; risk factors; skin cancer; smoking; solar radiation; Spain; statistical evaluation; survey.
Medicina y seguridad del trabajo, 1997, Vol.44, No.175, p.59-73. 29 ref.
Consolidation of the Labour Code, 1997 [Ecuador]
Codificación del Código del Trabajo, 1997 (Ecuador) [in Spanish]
Contents: Title I, Chapter V - Hours of work; Chapter VII - Women and adolescents; Chapter VIII - Apprentices. Title III - Work categories. Title IV - Occupational hazards. Topics: agricultural operations; apprentices; child labour; conditions of work; domestic service; Ecuador; handicrafts; home work; hours of work; law; occupational accidents; occupational diseases; occupational safety and health; responsibilities of employers; safety and health organization; transport industry; women; workmen's compensation.
On file at CIS.
http://natlex.ilo.org/scripts/natlexcgi.exe?lang=F [in Spanish]
Constitutional law on work [Venezuela]
Ley orgánica del trabajo [Venezuela] [in Spanish]
Topics: accommodation; agricultural operations; air transport; canteens; child labour; commuting; conditions of work; dangerous work; domestic and related helpers, cleaners; first-aid services; home work; industrial physicians; labour inspectors; law; plant health services; plant safety and health organization; responsibilities of employers; road transport; role of labour inspection; Venezuela; water transport; women; workplaces; young persons.
Photocopy on file at CIS. 29p.
Jost M., Cartier B., Rüegger M., Jost J., Iten A., Francioli P.
Prevention of blood-borne infections
Verhütung blutübertragbarer Infektionen [in German]
Topics: biological hazards; blood; domestic and related helpers, cleaners; hepatitis; infection control; infectious diseases; injection injuries; police forces; prison services; protective gloves; refuse collection; safety guides; Switzerland; vaccination.
Schweizerische Unfallversicherungsanstalt (SUVA), Postfach, 6002 Luzern, Switzerland, 1st ed., Dec. 1997. 34p. Illus. 18 ref.
Duty of care to domiciliary care workers
Legal responsibilities for the health and safety of domiciliary care workers are examined. The complex contractual relationship which may exist between the recipient, the purchaser and the provider of the care makes it difficult to establish who has duties under health and safety law. While local authority or independent care providers are required to provide adequate risk assessment and training for their staff, self-employed care workers are responsible for their own health and safety. Examples of judicial decisions illustrate the complexities of the situation.
Safety and Health Practitioner, May 1997, Vol.15, No.5, p.16-18. Illus. 19 ref.
Blatter B.M., Roeleveld N., Zielhuis G.A., Gabreëls F.J.M., Verbeek A.L.M.
Maternal occupational exposure during pregnancy and the risk of spina bifida
A case-control study was carried out to explore associations between spina bifida and occupational exposure of the mother. Cases were 470 children with spina bifida aperta born between 1980 and 1992 from nine hospitals in the Netherlands. The controls were 2350 children born healthy in the same period as the cases. Analyses of occupation showed an increased risk for women working in agricultural occupations (OR = 3.4) and, although less distinct, for cleaning women (OR = 1.7). Only a few mothers of cases seemed to be occupationally exposed to chemical or physical agents. No differences in occurrence of specific exposures could be detected between cases and controls. Besides, no differences were seen in pesticide or disinfectant exposure among case and control mothers in agricultural occupations.
Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Feb. 1996, Vol.53, No.2, p.80-86. 23 ref.
Act No.185 of 1996 establishing a Labour Code [Nicaragua]
Ley núm. 185 de 1996 relativa al Código del Trabajo [Nicaragua] [in Spanish]
Contents: Title V - Occupational safety and health and occupational hazards. Title VI - Child and adolescent labour. Title VII - Women at work. Title VIII - Special work conditions. Topics: agricultural operations; child labour; construction industry; domestic service; handicapped workers; law; mining industry; Nicaragua; occupational accidents; occupational diseases; occupational safety and health; plantations; prison services; responsibilities of employers; schedule of occupational diseases; sea transport; transport industry; women; young persons.
Editorial Jurídica, República de Nicaragua, 1998, 69p. And also in: La Gaceta, 30 Oct. 1996, No.205.
Child labour: Targeting the intolerable
Le travail des enfants: l'intolérable en point de mire [in French]
Report on child labour, prepared as a report to the 86th Session of the International Labour Conference. Only certain parts of the report are relevant to safety and health (only these are microfiched by CIS), in particular the following: hazardous work; national legislation concerning hazardous activities (prohibited employment); labour inspection issues; examples of projects to assist children in forced and hazardous work. Publication also available in Arabic, Chinese, German, Russian and Spanish.
ILO Publications, International Labour Office, 1221 Genève 22, Switzerland, 1996. 123p. Bibl.ref. Price: CHF 15.00.
La femme de chambre [in French]
Contents of this occupational data sheet devoted to chambermaids in hotels: definition; characteristics of the occupation; description of activities: normal work areas, tools, equipment, machinery, working methods, hand movements and postures; risks and stresses of the job (connected with the environment, the equipment, the products used, the working hours, the physical and mental workload); occupational diseases (including, theoretically, infectious diseases) and accidents; prevention of hazards (collective, personal, OSH measures); regulations applicable in France; particular health conditions to watch. Final remarks: this kind of work must be properly organized, job tasks must be delimited, room layout and cleaning equipment must be ergonomically designed and personnel must be properly trained.
Cahiers de médecine interprofessionnelle, 1996, Vol.36, No.3. Insert.
Guo H.R., Tanaka S., Cameron L.L., Seligman P.J., Behrens V.J., Ger J., Wild D.K., Putz-Anderson V.
Back pain among workers in the United States: National estimates and workers at high risk
Data from the Occupational Health Supplement to the 1988 National Health Interview Survey were analyzed. To derive national estimates, a weighting factor was applied to the data available for 30,074 respondents. In 1988, about 22.4 million back pain cases were responsible for 149.1 million lost workdays; 65% of cases were attributable to occupational activities. Among males, the risk was highest for construction labourers (prevalence 22.6%), and among females, for nursing aides (18.8%). Back pain is a major cause of morbidity and lost production for U.S. workers. Previously unrecognized high risk occupations include carpenters, automobile mechanics, maids, janitors and hairdressers.
American Journal of Industrial Medicine, Nov. 1995, Vol.28, No.5, p.591-602. 34 ref.
Varghese M.A., Saha P.N., Atreya N.
A rapid appraisal of occupational workload from a modified scale of perceived exertion
A simple and rapid method of determining occupational workload among Indian women performing manual activities was developed based on the strong relationship between physiological responses and subjective feeling of exertion. A five-point scale of perceived exertion was constructed and used on a group of students performing experiments on a cycle ergometer and on a group of homemakers performing different household activities; oxygen consumption and heart rate responses were also measured. Based on the results, a workload classification table is proposed and various household activities have been graded accordingly.
Ergonomics, Mar. 1994, Vol.37, No.3, p.485-491. Illus. 17 ref.
Günzel M., Karlsson H.
Changes: The good things and the bad things
Förändring: på gott och ont [in Swedish]
A number of different Swedish institutions and enterprises received financial support in order to make improvements in the workplace. The improvements were mostly in the field of work organization and training, but changes in the layout and purchase of new equipment were also funded. The report describes the workplaces after the changes, via interviews of the employees and management. Both advantages and disadvantages are presented, and even a project that encountered great difficulties is described. The institutions and firms involved: domestic service, fishing gear manufacturer, newspaper, supermarket, accommodation service, refrigerator manufacturer, hospital, ice-cream factory, community service, woodworking factory and schools. A self study manual is attached.
Arbetarskyddsnämnden, Box 3208, 103 64 Stockholm, Sweden, 1993. 128p + 19p. Illus.
To make changes yourself: Six active workplaces
Att förändra själv: Sex aktiva arbetsplatser [in Swedish]
Description of six institutions that have introduced changes in the way work is organized. The changes involve breaking down limits between different groups of workers, giving responsibility to workers, and introducing self-leading groups. The workplaces involved: an adult education centre; a supermarket; a kindergarten; an institution for handicapped children; a housing service; a woodworking factory. Generally, all the workplaces involved characterize the changes as successful.
Arbetarskyddsnämnden, Box 3208, 103 64 Stockholm, Sweden, 1993. 32p. Illus.
WCB coverage for domestics: Facts for employers
This brochure discusses the rights and obligations of employers of domestics under workers' compensation. It includes a registration form which the employer must send in to the Ontario Workers' Compensation Board and a list of addresses and telephone numbers of Ontario Workers' Compensation Board offices.
Workers Compensation Board, Head Office, 2 Bloor Street East, Toronto, Ontario M4W 3C3, Canada, 1991. 3p.
WCB coverage for domestics: Facts for domestics
Protection de la CAT pour le personnel de maison - Renseignements à l'intention des travailleurs [in French]
This brochure discusses rights and obligations, and benefits, concerning workers' compensation for domestics. It includes a list of addresses and telephone numbers for workers' compensation board offices in Ontario.
Workers' Compensation Board, Head Office, 2 Bloor Street East, Toronto, Ontario M4W 3C3, Canada, 1991. 5p.
Still so far to go: Child labour in the world today
Encore beaucoup à faire ... Le travail des enfants dans le monde aujourd'hui [in French]
This special report of the International Labour Office published on the occasion of the Tenth Anniversary of the International Year of the Child examines how far the world has come in the global combat against child labour and how far it still needs to go. The report looks at how governments and voluntary groups in various countries have responded to the problem, through legislation and effective enforcement, as well as through pragmatic new approaches, which include the provision of education and training, or protected income-earning opportunities for working children. Abstracts of ILO publications on child labour are appended.
ILO Publications, International Labour Office, 1211 Genève 22, Switzerland, 1989. xi, 60p. Illus. Annex.
Development plan for occupational health services in Burkina Faso
Projet d'orientation de la politique de la direction des services de santé des travailleurs (DSST) [in French]
Description of the 5 stages proposed for the extension of occupational medicine in Burkina Faso: in the "structured" sector (where rudiments of health services already exist), the informal sector, the domestic sector, the agro-pastoral sector, the public service sector.
ECHO - CNSS, 3rd and 4th quarters 1984, Nos.8-11, p.20-21.
Social home aid activities
Omvårdnadsarbete i hemmiljö [in Swedish]
Contents of these recommendations for personnel involved in the care and attendance of sick persons and in domestic assistance to families having several children: background; planning of tasks, taking into consideration the given working environment; instructions and training; strenuous work; equipment, work aids and transportation; harmful substances and personal protection; problems of persons working alone, hazards of violence; sanitary facilities, rest and eating rooms. Ergonomic, hygienic, psychic and social aspects to be taken into account in the evaluation of tasks are appended.
LiberDistribution, 162 89 Stockholm, Sweden, 17 Sep. 1984. 19p.
Demmer H., Küpper B.
Stress at work-stations generally occupied by women
Belastungen bei Arbeitsplätzen, die überwiegend mit Frauen besetzt werden [in German]
This report analyses 900 documents published since 1960 on women's work, with the aim of determining the effects of work on women's health and the proper design of their work-stations. Industries covered include clothing, electronics, optics, postal and telecommunications services, housework, hospitals and offices. Solutions are proposed.
Bundesanstalt für Arbeitsschutz, Postfach 170202, 4600 Dortmund 17, Federal Republic of Germany, 1984. 210p. 350 ref. Price: DM.27.00.
Edsberg E., Haakonsen H., Myhre H., Festervoll I., Winge T., Bjørset H.H., Sandaa A.
Tema: Ergonomi [in Norwegian]
This series of articles covers: the need for a multidisciplinary approach; work organisation for room cleaning staff in hotels; ergonomic problems of office cleaning staff; the possibility of improving the working conditions of cleaning staff by teaching proper posture; frequent causes of injury due to bad posture, simple remedies for standing and sitting work; correct lifting of loads; lighting of the workplace and ergonomics; work area planning in fish canning plants; simple rules for the implementation of ergonomic measures; frequent absenteeism due to musculoskeletal injuries caused by local overloads; courses for workers at risk of back injuries; carpets for welders who have to work in a lying posture.
Arbeidsmiljø, 1983, No.8, p.15-55. Illus.
Chambet C., Demange J., Leclercq A., Reyboz F., Loriot J., Roure M.C., Proteau J., Raix A., Philbert M., Efthymiou M.L., Gaumy M., Cavigneaux A., Haghighat C., Perrin J., Assouly M.
Sectors without organised occupational medical coverage
Les exclus de la médecine du travail. [in French]
Record of proceedings of a symposium of the Société française de médecine et d'hygiène du travail (Paris, 14 Mar. 1977). The communications presented revealed the following marginal or insufficiently protected categories of workers and sectors of activity in France where there was no organised occupational medicine, and which were totally or partly overlooked in the French occupational safety and health legislation: rural workers in French overseas départements; Defence Ministry personnel; domestic employees; many categories of civil servants and government employees; workers no longer exposed to certain hazards; self-employed persons; Members of Parliament, Ministers of State and the Head of the State.
Archives des maladies professionnelles, Oct.-Nov. 1977, Vol.38, No.10-11, p.911-924.
Mimica M., Šarić M., Malinar M., Mađarić M.
Occupation and incidence of chronic diseases
Zanimanje stanovništva i pojava čestih hroničnih bolesti [in Serbocroatian]
Results of a survey covering 1,575 men and 1,690 women aged between 38 and 57 years, and evaluation by computerisation of data collected concerning chronic disease and ill-health, and their degree of severity. The following occupational categories were covered by the survey: agricultural workers, unskilled workers, housewives, skilled workers, administrative and technical personnel, "white-collar" workers and retired workers. Diseases and conditions considered included: neuroses, alcoholism, thyroid disease, deafness and hearing loss, hypertension, varicose conditions, bronchitis, pharyngitis, gastritis and peptic ulcer, hernia, liver damage, rheumatic disease, etc. The highest incidence of chronic disease was found among the agricultural workers and housewives, followed by unskilled workers and skilled workers; the lowest incidence was amongst the white-collar workers.
Arhiv za higijenu rada i toksikologiju, 1977, Vol.28, No.3, p.243-257. 3 ref.
Barrière H., Litoux P., Geraut C.
Irritation (or housewives') dermatitis
Les dermites irritatives ou dermites des ménagères. [in French]
Clinical features, principal causative agents, differential diagnosis, prevention and treatment of dermatitis of this nature, due to the caustic action of various household cleansers (and not to contact sensitisation). These are cases of orthoergic dermatitis, occurring in direct ratio to the amount of household work performed. They do not present the same clinical features as contact dermatitis, and they are found in domestic workers, charwomen, dishwashers in restaurants, office cleaning staff, etc. This article stresses the fact that rubber housework gloves afford little or no protection and suggests the following measures: use of protective creams; use of ordinary household soap instead of detergents, periods of rest or non-exposure.
Le concours médical, 12 Mar. 1977, Vol.99, No.11, p.1603-1607. Illus.
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