Diseases of the respiratory system (except for pneumoconiosis & similar) - 2,965 entries found
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- Diseases of the respiratory system (except for pneumoconiosis & similar)
Fine J.M., et al.
Metal fume fever: Characterization of clinical and plasma IL-6 responses in controlled human exposures to zinc oxide fume at and below the threshold limit value
In a study of the clinical effects of exposure to low concentrations of zinc oxide, 13 subjects were exposed to air or to 2.5 or 5mg/m3 of furnace-generated zinc oxide fume for 2h. Symptoms and temperature were recorded and blood samples were taken after exposure. The rise in oral temperature was greater after inhalation of zinc oxide than after air inhalation. Plasma levels of interleukin 6 (IL-6), a pyrogen, were significantly elevated after exposure to 5mg/m3 of zinc oxide. The predominant symptoms reported were myalgias, cough and fatigue. Inhalation of zinc oxide for 2h at the current threshold limit value of 5mg/m3 produces fever, symptoms and elevation in plasma IL-6 levels.
Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Aug. 1997, Vol.39, No.8, p.722-726. Illus. 20 ref.
Langer A.M., Nolan R.P., Wyart-Remy M.
Asbestos disease in foundrymen
These two letters argue that data presented in an earlier article on respiratory disease as a result of talc inhalation (see CIS 96-1848) do not support the conclusion that "talc-containing asbestos fibres" were responsible for the pleural and interstitial findings in the three foundrymen studied. Crocidolite and amosite found in the bronchoalveolar lavages of these workers are never associated mineralogically with talc, suggesting the presence of other asbestos dust sources at their worksites. Studies have shown that there is no excess cancer risk among talc workers.
Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Aug. 1997, Vol.39, No.8, p.699-700. 18 ref.
van Loon A.J.M., et al.
Socioeconomic status and lung cancer incidence in men in the Netherlands: Is there a role for occupational exposure?
In a prospective cohort study of 58,279 men in the Netherlands, occupational exposure to asbestos, paint dust, polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons and welding fumes was estimated from job histories, and socioeconomic status was measured using educational and occupational indicators. After 4.3 years of follow up there were 470 confirmed lung cancer cases. An inverse association was observed between socioeconomic status and lung cancer risk which could not be explained by occupational exposure to the carcinogens studied.
Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health, Feb. 1997, Vol.51, No.1, p.24-29. 34 ref.
Wahbi Z.K., Arnold A.G., Newman Taylor A.J.
Hard metal lung disease and pneumothorax
A case is reported of spontaneous pneumothorax in a metal grinder employed for eight years in a small workshop grinding tungsten carbide tips with diamonds. A lung biopsy taken during thoracotomy revealed changes characteristic of giant cell interstitial pneumonia, as seen in hard metal disease. The possibility of underlying respiratory disease should be considered in all cases of apparently spontaneous primary pneumothorax. Early diagnosis of interstitial lung disease is necessary for effective medical treatment and removal from the source of exposure.
Respiratory Medicine, 1997, Vol.91, No.2, p.103-105. Illus. 7 ref.
Lemière C., Malo J.L., Boutet M.
Reactive airways dysfunction syndrome due to chlorine: Sequential bronchial biopsies and functional assessment
A case report is presented of a worker in a water-filtration plant who abruptly inhaled high concentrations of chlorine. He experienced immediate nasal, throat, retrosternal burning and wheezing. Symptoms persisted during and after the workshift. Bronchial biopsies showed histological abnormalities. The patient was treated with inhaled steroids and was asymptomatic five months after the incident. The case shows that rapid airways dysfunction syndrome can cause acute, marked, though partially reversible, histological abnormalities.
European Respiratory Journal, 1997, Vol.10, p.241-244. Illus. 15 ref.
Bright P., et al.
Occupational asthma due to chrome and nickel electroplating
The clinical features of chrome-induced occupational asthma in seven subjects exposed to chrome and nickel fumes in metal electroplating works are described. Diagnosis was made from a history of asthma with rest day improvement, and confirmed by specific bronchial provocation testing with potassium dichromate and nickel chloride. Sensitivity to chrome may occur in situations where exposure levels are likely to be within the current exposure standards. There may be cross reactivity with nickel.
Thorax, 1997, Vol.52, p.28-32. Illus. 25 ref.
Ameille J., et al.
Consequences of occupational asthma on employment and financial status: A follow-up study
A review of the employment status of 209 patients with occupational asthma showed that 3.1 years after diagnosis, 44% had left their previous job and 25% were unemployed. 32% remained exposed to the offending agents in the same job. 46% had suffered a reduction of income. Claims for compensation, size of the company, level of education, and age at the time of diagnosis were significantly associated with a risk for becoming unemployed or having a new employer after the diagnosis of occupational asthma. It is recommend that the French compensation system for occupational asthma should be revised.
European Respiratory Journal, 1997, Vol.10, p.55-58. 19 ref.
Convery R.P., Ward R.J., Hendrick D.J.
Occupational asthma due to a widely used soft solder flux not containing colophony
A case is reported of a woman employed as a gas appliance servicing engineer who presented with symptoms of occupational asthma. The causative agent was thought to be a noncolophony soft solder flux (TELUX®), the precise composition of which was unknown. Specific inhalation challenge tests demonstrated both late asthmatic reactions and short-lived increases in airway responsiveness. The causative agent within the solder flux may be in the zinc or mineral oil components.
European Respiratory Journal, 1997, Vol.10, p.238-240. Illus. 6 ref.
Blot W.J., Chow W.H., McLaughlin J.K.
Wood dust and nasal cancer risk: A review of the evidence from North America
The considerable differences in risks of nasal cancer among woodworkers in North America and Europe are reviewed. Studies of American wood-dust-exposed groups do not reveal excesses of nasal cancer. High rates of nasal adenocarcinoma have instead occurred among European hardwood furniture workers. As implication for industrial hygiene standards the risk of cancer in exposed workers appears to be preventable if wood-dust exposures do not exceed an 8-hour time-weighted average of 5mg/m3.
Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Feb. 1997, Vol.39, No.2, p.148-156. 51 ref.
Li C.S., Hsu C.W., Lu C.H.
Dampness and respiratory symptoms among workers in daycare centers in a subtropical climate
The association between measures of dampness and symptoms of respiratory illness were investigated in 612 employees of 56 daycare centres in Taipei (Taiwan, China). There was a statistically significant relationship between the prevalence of sick building syndrome symptoms in workers and workplaces with mould or other signs of dampness.
Archives of Environmental Health, Jan.-Feb. 1997, Vol.52, No.1, p.68-71. 16 ref.
Kokkarinen J.I., Tukiainen H.O., Terho E.O.
Asthma in patients with farmer's lung during a five-year follow-up
An assessment of the incidence of asthma in 1,031 Finnish patients who had occupational farmer's lung diagnosed from 1983 to 1988. Seventy-four (7%) cases of asthma were found up to the end of the 5 years following the year of the diagnosis for farmer's lung. Prevalence of asthma was 1% in the year preceding the diagnosis.
Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment and Health, Apr. 1997, Vol.23, No.2, p.149-151. Illus. 12 ref.
A meta-analysis of epidemiologic studies of lung cancer in welders
This meta-analysis of epidemiologic studies carried out on the lung cancer risk among shipyard, mild steel and stainless steel welders consisted of calculating combined relative risks (RR). Similar values were observed in studies of the "any welding" or "study design" category. Furthermore, welders are likely to be exposed to asbestos and seem to smoke more than the general male population. A 30-40% increase in the RR of lung cancer cannot be explained by hexavalent chromium and nickel exposure among stainless steel welders. The combination of the carcinogenic effects of asbestos exposure and smoking may account for part of the observed lung cancer excess.
Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment and Health, Apr. 1997, Vol.23, No.2, p.104-113. 73 ref.
Hillerdal G., Henderson D.W.
Asbestos, asbestosis, pleural plaques and lung cancer
The carcinogenic risks of exposure to asbestos and the radiological findings related to pleural plaques (which by themselves are considered harmless) are surveyed. Epidemiologic studies usually do not prove that asbestos-exposed patients without asbestosis are without risk. There is an increasing body of evidence that, at low exposure levels, asbestos produces a slight increase in the relative risk of lung cancer even in the absence of asbestosis. Thus all exposure to asbestos must be kept to a minimum.
Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment and Health, Apr. 1997, Vol.23, No.2, p.93-103. 153 ref.
Merler E., Buiatti E., Vainio H.
Surveillance and intervention studies on respiratory cancers in asbestos-exposed workers
A review of the literature on asbestos-exposed workers with consequent risk of developing respiratory cancer. Surveillance programmes at the national, industrial and workplace levels are surveyed. The results of three chemoprevention trials suggest that there are, as yet, no practical tools for efficient, safe prevention of asbestos-induced respiratory malignancies.
Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment and Health, Apr. 1997, Vol.23, No.2, p.83-92. 86 ref.
These 20 chapters in a major new survey of OSH examine selected issues in occupational medicine: a forward looking approach to occupational medicine; how workplace chemicals enter the body; basic concepts of toxicology; epidemiology; prevention of musculoskeletal disorders; lung disorders; chemicals and hypersensitivity in the airways; allergy and other hypersensitivity; causes of occupational dermatoses; neurological diseases; occupational cancer; reproductive health; radiation injuries; health effects of noise exposure; vibration-induced disorders; carpal tunnel syndrome; stress-related illness; economic aspects of occupational health; health and safety in a multinational company; occupational databases and the Internet.
In: The Workplace (by Brune D. et al., eds), Scandinavian Science Publisher as, Bakkehaugveien 16, 0873 Oslo, Norway, 1997, Vol.1, p.745-977. Illus. Bibl.ref.
Jayawardana P.L., Udupihille M.
Ventilatory function of factory workers exposed to tea dust
A questionnaire survey of respiratory symptoms and measurements of respiratory function were carried out among 53 employees who had worked in a tea sifting room for at least five years. Compared to a non-exposed control group, the tea workers had a high prevalence of chronic respiratory symptoms, and mean values for the spirometric tests were lower. One subject had radiological evidence of bronchiectasis. Chronic tea dust exposure causes increased prevalence of respiratory symptoms and a significant degree of small airways obstruction.
Occupational Medicine, Feb. 1997, Vol.47, No.2, p.105-109. 11 ref.
Siriruttanapruk S., Burge P.S.
The impact of the COSHH regulations on workers with occupational asthma
A questionnaire survey of 100 consecutive patients attending an occupational lung disease clinic revealed that 28% had undergone a pre-employment screening for asthma, 31% had regular health surveillance by questionnaire, and 19% had regular lung function assessment. Patients who worked after the introduction of the Control of Substances Hazardous to Health (COSHH) Regulations, or worked in larger firms, or were exposed to one of the seven original prescribed agents had a tendency to be provided with more health surveillance than the others. Only 9% of patients had been informed about the risks of getting asthma at work, and only 45% used personal protective equipment.
Occupational Medicine, Feb. 1997, Vol.47, No.2, p.101-104. 16 ref.
Leino T., et al.
Occurrence of asthma and chronic bronchitis among female hairdressers - A questionnaire study
In a questionnaire survey of 3484 hairdressers and a reference group of 3357 shop personnel in Finland, the prevalence of asthma among the hairdressers was 5.6% in 1980 and 10.1% in 1995; the prevalence of chronic bronchitis was 3.9% in 1980 and 5.6% in 1995. The relative risk for developing asthma and chronic bronchitis among hairdressers was almost twice that of the reference group in 1980, and remained similar in 1995. Hairdressers are at a higher risk of developing asthma as a result of occupational exposure.
Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, June 1997, Vol.39, No.6, p.534-539. 36 ref.
Chiazze L., Watkins D.K., Fryar C.
Historical cohort mortality study of a continuous filament fiberglass manufacturing plant
In a mortality study of current and former workers at a continuous filament fibreglass manufacturing plant, standardized mortality ratios (SMRs) for white men were near or below unity for all causes of death and for all cancer mortality compared with national and local standards. The slight elevation in the SMR for lung cancer among these men was not significant. A case-control study based on 45 lung cancer cases showed that the lung cancer odds ratio among white men exposed to respirable glass fibres was below unity, as were those for exposure to asbestos, respirable silica, and other substances investigated. None of these exposures suggests an increase in lung cancer risk for this population.
Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, May 1997, Vol.39, No.5, p.432-441. 15 ref.
Rosenman K.D., Reilly M.J., Kalinowski D.J.
A state-based surveillance system for work-related asthma
A surveillance system for work-related asthma instituted in Michigan, USA in 1988 is described and results of the first 6 years of the programme are summarized. Sources used to identify cases included physicians' reports, workers' compensation claims, and reports from hospitals. Between 1988 and 1994, 725 reports of work-related asthma were received; the overall annual incidence rate was 2.9 cases per 100,000 workers. Isocyanates and machining coolants were the two most common causes of asthma. The system has proven successful in identifying new cases of asthma and in identifying workplaces with a high prevalence of workers with respiratory symptoms who may benefit from health interventions.
Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, May 1997, Vol.39, No.5, p.415-425. 24 ref.
A cohort study of graphite workers in Sri Lanka
A cohort of workers from a graphite mine in Sri Lanka was studied in 1987, 1990 and 1993. Radiographic lesions were found in 8.5%, 8.9% and 4.1% of the workers in these respective rounds. Clinical examination of the affected workers revealed 18 cases of graphite pneumoconiosis and 7 cases of active pulmonary tuberculosis in the 3 rounds. The decline in the prevalence of these diseases in 1993 was probably the result of dust control measures introduced in 1972. Five workers who had worked in the mine for an average of 22.6 years developed graphite pneumoconiosis during the course of the study.
Occupational Medicine, July 1997, Vol.47, No.5, p.269-272. 12 ref.
Diebold F., et al.
Assessment of exposure of welders to chrome and nickel in different arc welding processes
Evaluation de l'exposition des soudeurs au chrome et au nickel pour différents procédés de soudage à l'arc [in French]
Three welding processes were used by the welders studied: manual arc welding with covered electrode, semi-automatic gas-shielded bare wire metal arc welding and manual arc welding using a non-consumable tungsten electrode under inert gas shielding. For each work station a separate information sheet was established, with information on the operations performed, the work rate and the protection methods used. Personal sampling of the workplace air was performed in order to estimate pollution levels. A job-exposure matrix consisting of the three processes and of two metals (chromium and nickel) was drawn up as a result of the measurements. This matrix may be of use to epidemiologists when they try to establish a dose-effect relationship between exposure to these metals in welding operations and broncho-pulmonary cancer.
Cahiers de notes documentaires - Hygiène et sécurité du travail, 2nd Quarter 1997, No.167, Note No.2047-167-97, p.225-233. 9 ref.
Moscato G., et al.
Occupational asthma and rhinitis caused by 1,2-benzisothiazolin-3-one in a chemical worker
A worker in a chemical factory producing detergents complained of rhinitis and asthma two months after starting a job in which he was exposed to 1,2-benzisothiazolin-3-one, a microbicidal additive. The specific challenge test with this substance provoked an immediate prolonged asthmatic response and nasal symptoms. This is the first known case of occupational asthma and rhinitis caused by this compound.
Occupational Medicine, May 1997, Vol.47, No.4, p.249-251. 8 ref.
Torén K., Blanc P.D.
The history of pulp and paper bleaching: Respiratory-health effects
The history of the bleaching process used in paper production is described from the 18th century to the 1990s, and the implications for occupational and environmental health are discussed. Case reports published before 1960 illustrate the prevalence of respiratory symptoms following exposure to chlorine and chlorine-based bleaching agents. Since then, controlled epidemiologic studies of pulp mill and bleachery workers have consistently shown that workers exposed to chlorine gas have an increased prevalence of respiratory symptoms and impaired lung function. The development of chlorine-free bleaching is outlined.
Lancet, 3 May 1997, Vol.349, No.9061, p.1316-1318. Illus. 31 ref.
Keira T., et al.
Adverse effects of colophony
This literature survey reviews the uses of colophony in industry, its adverse health effects, epidemiologic studies related to its use, diagnosis of colophony-related disorders, pathophysiology and control measures. Colophony is a mixture of resin acids used in a variety of industries, in particular, as a soldering flux in the electronics industry. Its main health effects are bronchial asthma and contact dermatitis. Control measures include medical examinations focusing on allergic history, and replacement of colophony in soldering flux.
Industrial Health, Jan. 1997, Vol.35, No.1, p.1-7. 63 ref.
Hnizdo E., Murray J., Klempman S.
Lung cancer in relation to exposure to silica dust, silicosis and uranium production in South African gold miners
In a cohort of 2260 South African gold miners, 78 cases of lung cancer were found during the follow-up period from 1970 to 1986. The risk of lung cancer was associated with tobacco smoking, cumulative dust exposure, duration of underground mining and silicosis. No association was found with uranium production. The results cannot be interpreted definitively in terms of causal association. High levels of exposure to silica dust on its own are important in the pathogenesis of lung cancer and silicosis is either coincidental or represents an increased risk. The risk is also increased in miners spending many hours underground, in which case high levels of silica dust exposure may be a surrogate for exposure to radon daughters.
Thorax, Mar. 1997, Vol.52, p.271-275. 19 ref.
Piitulainen E., Tornling G., Eriksson S.
Effect of age and occupational exposure to airway irritants on lung function in non-smoking individuals with α1 antitrypsin deficiency (PiZZ)
Severe α1-antitrypsin (AAT) deficiency (PiZZ) is associated with an increased risk of lung emphysema, especially in smokers. The aim of this study was to identify risk factors other than smoking for declining lung function. Lung function was studied in 225 self-reported never-smoking PiZZ subjects included in the Swedish AAT deficiency register. Lung function was poorer in men than in women. Among the PiZZ subjects, men reported occupational exposure to gases, fumes or dust more frequently than women. In those aged 50 or older, lung function declined. Asthmatic symptoms and occupational exposure to airway irritants appear to constitute additional risk factors for this condition.
Thorax, Mar. 1997, Vol.52, p.244-248. Illus. 16 ref.
Gannon P.F.G., Burge P.S.
Serial peak expiratory flow measurement in the diagnosis of occupational asthma
This study discusses measurable indices from peak expiratory flow (PEF) records which identify occupational asthma. A new statistical technique was applied to interpret the PEF records, in order to produce a computer-based diagnostic tool of occupational asthma. It is hoped that this will encourage more widespread use of the technique.
European Respiratory Journal. Supplement, Feb. 1997, Vol.10, Suppl. 24, p.57s-63s. Illus. 32 ref.
Krakowiak A., Szulc B., Górski P.
Occupational respiratory diseases in laboratory animal workers: Initial results
Sixty workers occupationally exposed to laboratory animals underwent respiratory function and skin tests. For the skin tests, both common allergens and hair extracts from animals were used. Of the workers tested, 26 workers were positive in the skin tests, 5 had bronchial asthma and 4 had occupational allergic rhinitis.
International Journal of Occupational Medicine and Environmental Health, 1997, Vol.10, No.1, p.31-36. 21 ref.
Jaitli H., Kumar A.
Dusty dawn - Dust at workplace and workers' nightmares
Dust-related respiratory disorders are among the major causes of disability and death among Indian workers. This document presents a collection of articles on dust-related health problems in India. Topics covered: occupational safety, health and workers' awareness; environmental pollution; dust and occupational diseases in India; toxicants in the environment; lung function in rubber factories; epidemiology of air pollution; steel manufacturing industry; spinning and dyeing industry; sponge iron manufacturing industry; iron ore mining in Goa; cement manufacturing industry; bronchial contamination with toxic metals in mineral-based industries; lung function status of workers exposed to coke dust.
ISociety for Participatory Research in Asia (PRIA), 42 Tuglakabad Institutional Area, New Dehli-110 062, India, 1996. v, 130p. Illus. Bibl.ref.
Matchaba-Hove R., Emmett E.A., Sekimpi D.K., Agaba D.F., Okot-Nwang M., Ogaram D.A., Tornberg V., Estlander T., Kanerva L., Piirilä P., Lehtinen S., Munthali A.C., Zakayo D.O.
Allergies and work
This issue is primarily devoted to the theme of occupational allergies. Contents: prevention of occupational dermatoses; occupational coffee dust allergies in Uganda; allergic dermatoses and respiratory diseases caused by decorative plants. Other topics: review article on a symposium on the development of occupational health services held in Singapore; role of the occupational hygiene profession in sustainable development; problems due to AIDS at the workplace in Kenya.
African Newsletter on Occupational Health and Safety, May 1996, Vol.6, No.1, p.1-22 (whole issue). Illus. 33 ref.
Åhman M., Holmström M., Cynkier I., Söderman E.
Work related impairment of nasal function in Swedish woodwork teachers
To study the relation between exposure and nasal function, 39 selected woodworking teachers employed full time and 32 control subjects (other school personnel) were examined at the beginning and at the end of a working week with symptom rating, nose and throat inspection, rhinomanometry, nasal mucociliary clearance test and a smell identification test. Dust and terpene concentrations were measured in all 39 schools. Compared with controls, the woodworking teachers had more nasal symptoms and worse mucociliary clearance as the week progressed, especially among those working in rooms without mechanical ventilation. A small impairment of olfactory function was also found, but their rhinomanometric values did not change significantly. Nasal symptoms correlated weakly with the percentage of respirable dust in the total dust. Dust concentrations were found to be below the Swedish threshold limit value of 2mg/m3.
Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Feb. 1996, Vol.53, No.2, p.112-117. 26 ref.
Schneider J., Blum E., Solbach T., Woitowitz H.-J.
Atopic influences on allergic obstructive diseases of the respiratory tract due to flour
Einfluss von Atopien auf allergisch bedingte obstruktive Atemwegserkrankungen in Mehlberufen [in German]
Topics: allergic respiratory disorders; anamnesis; asthma; change of employment; flour; individual susceptibility; inhalation tests; skin tests.
Zentralblatt für Arbeitsmedizin, Arbeitsschutz und Ergonomie, Aug. 1996, Vol.46, No.8, p.278-286. Illus. 49 ref.
Bassanets A., Boutoux M., Leroyer C., Dewitte J.D.
Diagnosis and compensation of occupational asthma in Eastern European countries: Ukraine in the light of the French system
Reconnaissance et indemnisation de l'asthme professionnel dans l'Europe de l'Est: l'exemple de l'Ukraine à la lumière du système français [in French]
Topics: asthma; change of employment; comparative study; compensation of occupational diseases; France; legislation; notification of occupational diseases; Ukraine.
Archives des maladies professionnelles et de médecine du travail, Nov. 1996, Vol.57, No.7, p.538-543. 12 ref.
Helbecque Y., Haguenoer J.M., Chevalier D., Nisse C., Goin M., Larnier F.
Critical study of three new cases of laryngeal disease associated with polyethylene thermowelding and thermocutting operations
Etude critique de trois nouveaux cas d'affections laryngées liées aux opérations de thermosoudage et de thermodécoupage du polyéthylène [in French]
Topics: air sampling; polyethylene; case study; dysphonia; exposure evaluation; France; larynx; noise measurement; plastics converting industry; welding and cutting; welding of plastics.
Archives des maladies professionnelles et de médecine du travail, Nov. 1996, Vol.57, No.7, p.533-537. 10 ref.
Takahashi T., Munakata M., Takekawa H., Homma Y., Kawakami Y.
Pulmonary fibrosis in a carpenter with long-lasting exposure to fiberglass
A 56-year-old male carpenter had a history of fibreglass inhalation for 41 years without any protective device. His chest radiograph showed small nodular opacities in lower lung fields and multiple cystic lesions and low attenuation areas in upper lung fields. Light and polarizing microscopic examinations of his transbronchial lung biopsy specimen revealed mild interstitial fibrosis and mononuclear cell infiltration in alveolar walls without birefringent substances. However, widespread depositions of small glass fibres (<2.5µm in length and 0.3 µm in diameter) were detected by analytical electron microscopy, which suggested their possible contribution to the development of his pulmonary fibrosis.
American Journal of Industrial Medicine, Nov. 1996, Vol.30, No.5, p.596-600. Illus. 10 ref.
Neri S., Boraschi P., Antonelli A., Falaschi F., Baschieri L.
Pulmonary function, smoking habits, and high resolution computed tomography (HRCT) early abnormalities of the lung and pleural fibrosis in shipyard workers exposed to asbestos
Asymptomatic asbestos-exposed workers with normal standard P-A chest radiographs were submitted to HRCT, CO-diffusing capacity and pulmonary function tests. HRCT scans were normal only in 31 examined workers; 31 subjects showed both pleural and parenchymal involvement, and 50 and 7 had exclusively pleural and parenchymal abnormalities, respectively. Based on CO-diffusing capacity and pulmonary function tests, lower values of FVC were observed in the nonsmoking workers with parenchymal abnormalities in comparison with nonsmoking subjects with normal parenchyme, and lower values of FEV1/FVC in the smokers with parenchymal lesions with respect to smokers with normal parenchyme. In conclusion, HRCT may detect early parenchymal abnormalities which correlate with exposure to asbestos and respiratory function impairment, including a reduction in obstructive indices in smokers occupationally exposed to asbestos without any clinically evident disease.
American Journal of Industrial Medicine, Nov. 1996, Vol.30, No.5, p.588-595. 36 ref.
Korzec T., Müller B.H.
Cardiopulmonary response to wearing filter respirators
Kardio-pulmonale Beanspruchung durch das Tragen von Atemschutz-Filtergeräten [in German]
Topics: air filtration; air purifying respirators; cardiological effects; experimental determination; particulate removing respirators; physiology of cardiovascular system; pulmonary ventilation; respiratory impairment.
Zeitschrift für Arbeitswissenschaft, 1996, Vol.50, No.3, p.147-153. Illus. 9 ref.
Flodin U., Ziegler J., Jönsson P., Axelson O.
Bronchial asthma and air pollution at workplaces
Topics: airborne dust; allergens; asthma; epidemiologic study; individual susceptibility; length of exposure; risk factors; smoking.
Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment and Health, Dec. 1996, Vol.22, No.6, p.451-456. 21 ref.
Tüchsen F., Jensen M.V., Villadsen E., Lynge E.
Incidence of lung cancer among cobalt-exposed women
Topics: cancer; cobalt; dyes; epidemiologic study; lung cancer; morbidity; mortality; pottery industry; spray coating; women.
Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment and Health, Dec. 1996, Vol.22, No.6, p.444-450. Illus. 25 ref.
Protective impregnation of wool against moths and cockroaches with pyrethroids
Motten- und Käferschutzausrüstung von Wolle mit synthetischen Pyrethroiden [in German]
Topics: carpets; data sheet; diseases of nervous system; finishing (textiles, leather); first aid; Germany; impregnation; information of personnel; protective gloves; pyrethrins; pyrethroids; respiratory impairment; textile chemicals; textile industry; toxic substances; wool.
Der Sicherheitsschirm, 1996, No.3, p.5-6. Illus.
Overview of diisocyanate occupational asthma
Topics: asthma; tolylene diisocyanate; diagnosis; epidemiological aspects; immunology; isocyanates; pathogenesis; transfer to other work.
Toxicology, 1996, Vol.111, p.181-189. Illus. 24 ref.
Gunga H.C., Röcker L., Behn C., Hilderbrandt W., Koralewski E., Rich I., Schobersberger W., Kirsch K.
Shift working in the Chilean Andes (>3600m) and its influence on erythropoietin and the low-pressure system
Topics: Chile; high altitude; hypoxia; intermittent work; physiology of blood; shift work; venous blood pressure.
Journal of Applied Physiology: Respiratory, Environmental and Exercise Physiology, 1996, Vol.81, p.846-852. Illus. 29 ref.
Lummus Z.L., Rafeul A., Bernstein J.A., Bernstein D.I.
Characterization of histamine releasing factors in diisocyanate-induced occupational asthma
Topics: asthma; tolylene diisocyanate; histamine release; immunobiological changes; immunology; isocyanates; sensitization.
Toxicology, 1996, Vol.111, p.191-206. Illus. 51 ref.
Bundesanstalt für Arbeitsmedizin
Longitudinal occupational health study of special steel production workers
Arbeitsmedizinische Längsschnittstudie bei Beschäftigten der Edelstahlproduktion [in German]
Topics: air sampling; nickel; chest radiography; chronic bronchitis; determination in blood; determination in urine; dust; exposure evaluation; Germany; medical supervision; metal fumes; pulmonary infection; respiratory diseases; steelworks.
Wirtschaftsverlag NW, Verlag für neue Wissenschaft GmbH, Postfach 10 11 10, 27511 Bremerhaven, Germany, 1996. 176p. Illus. 168 ref.
Asthma and work
Asthme et travail [in French]
Topics: aetiology; assessment of working capacity; asthma; compensation of occupational diseases; conference; diagnosis; epidemiological aspects; France; immunology; medico-legal aspects; notification of occupational diseases; occupational medicine; occupational pathology; respiratory function tests; spirometry; symptoms.
Archives des maladies professionnelles et de médecine du travail, Apr. 1996, Vol.57, No.2, p.75-140. Illus. Bibl.ref.
Popendorf W., Miller E.R., Sprince N.L., Selim M.S., Thorne P.S., Davis C.S., Jones M.L.
The utility of preliminary surveys to detect the cause of acute metalworking fluid hazards
Topics: coolants; cutting fluids; dermatitis; epidemiologic study; metalworking industry; respiratory impairment; smoking; USA.
American Journal of Industrial Medicine, Dec. 1996, Vol.30, No.6, p.744-749. 16 ref.
Vogelzang P.F.J., van der Gulden J.W.J., Preller L., Heederik D., Tielen M.J.M., van Schayck C.P.
Respiratory morbidity in relationship to farm characteristics in swine confinement work: Possible preventive measures
Topics: agriculture; asthma; chronic bronchitis; disinfectants; dyspnoea; livestock rearing; natural ventilation; Netherlands; pulmonary function; questionnaire survey; respiratory diseases; risk factors; smoking; swine; wood dust.
American Journal of Industrial Medicine, Aug. 1996, Vol.30, No.2, p.212-218. 25 ref.
Zuskin E., Mustajbegovic J., Schachter E.N., Doko-Jelinic J., Budak A.
Longitudinal study of respiratory findings in rubber workers
Topics: airborne dust; asthma; chronic bronchitis; Croatia; dyspnoea; epidemiologic study; pulmonary function; respiratory impairment; rubber industry; sinusitis; smoking; ventilatory capacity.
American Journal of Industrial Medicine, Aug. 1996, Vol.30, No.2, p.171-179. Illus. 34 ref.
Kujala V.M., Reijula K.E.
Glove-related rhinopathy among hospital personnel
Allergic rhinitis among hospital personnel using natural rubber latex gloves. Topics: allergic rhinitis; epidemiologic study; health care personnel; hospitals; hypersensitivity; latex; protective gloves; pulmonary function; serological reactions; skin tests.
American Journal of Industrial Medicine, Aug. 1996, Vol.30, No.2, p.164-170. 28 ref.
Lemière C., Cartier A., Dolovich J., Chan-Yeung M., Grammer L., Ghezzo H., L'Archevêque J., Malo J.L.
Outcome of specific bronchial responsiveness to occupational agents after removal from exposure
Topics: asthma; autoimmunization; immunology; inhalation tests; isocyanates; serological reactions; transfer to other work.
American Review of Respiratory Disease, Aug. 1996, Vol.154, p.329-333. 22 ref.
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