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Diseases of the respiratory system (except for pneumoconiosis & similar) - 2,965 entries found

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  • Diseases of the respiratory system (except for pneumoconiosis & similar)


CIS 99-163 Di Giacomo G.R., Boschetto P., Maestrelli P., Moro G.
Asthma and rhino-conjunctivitis from exposure to rape-seed flour: A clinical case report
Asma e rinocongiuntivite da farina di colza: descrizione di un caso clinico [in Italian]
Topics: allergic asthma; allergic rhinitis; allergy tests; case study; conjunctivitis; flour; grain and seed processing; maximal expiratory flow.
Medicina del lavoro, May-June 1998, Vol.89, No.3, p.226-231. Illus. 10 ref.

CIS 99-192 Finkelstein M.M.
Radiographic silicosis and lung cancer risk among workers in Ontario
It is concluded on the basis of two North American studies of silica exposed workers that radiographic silicosis is a marker for an increased risk of lung cancer. Topics: Canada; radon; case-control study; chest radiography; confounding factors; long-term exposure; lung cancer; Ontario; opacities; pneumoconiosis; silica; silicosis; smoking.
American Journal of Industrial Medicine, Sep. 1998, Vol.34, No.3, p.244-251. Illus. 19 ref.

CIS 99-191 Demers P.A., Stellman S.D., Colin D., Boffetta P.
Nonmalignant respiratory disease mortality among woodworkers participating in the American Cancer Society cancer prevention study-II (CPS-II)
Topics: age-linked differences; asbestos; formaldehyde; epidemiologic study; long-term exposure; mortality; respiratory diseases; risk factors; smoking; wood dust; woodworking industry.
American Journal of Industrial Medicine, Sep. 1998, Vol.34, No.3, p.238-243. 16 ref.

CIS 99-219 Steenland K., Deddens J., Stayner L.
Diesel exhaust and lung cancer in the trucking industry: Exposure-response analyses and risk assessment
The authors found a lifetime excess risk ten times higher than the 1 per 1,000 excess risk allowed by OSHA in setting regulations. There are about 2.8 million truck drivers in the U.S. The results depend on estimates about unknown past exposures, and should be viewed as exploratory. They conform reasonably well to recent estimates for diesel-exposed railroad workers done by the California EPA, although those results themselves have been disputed. Topics: diesel engines; dose-response relationship; drivers; epidemiologic study; exhaust gases; exposure evaluation; hazard evaluation; long-term exposure; lung cancer; risk factors; road transport; statistical evaluation.
American Journal of Industrial Medicine, Sep. 1998, Vol.34, No.3, p.220-228. Illus. 26 ref.

CIS 99-214 Stayner L., Dankovic D., Smith R., Steenland K.
Predicted lung cancer risk among miners exposed to diesel exhaust particles
Topics: diesel engines; epidemiologic study; exhaust gases; hazard evaluation; literature survey; long-term exposure; lung cancer; mathematical models; mining industry; prediction; respirable dust; risk factors.
American Journal of Industrial Medicine, Sep. 1998, Vol.34, No.3, p.207-219. 71 ref.

CIS 99-113 Mester A., Németh L., Makó E., Posgay M., Kiss K.
High resolution computed tomography (HRCT) of pneumoconioses
Topics: asbestosis; chest radiography; diagnosis; evaluation of technique; hard metal pneumoconiosis; mixed dust pneumoconiosis; pleural diseases; pleural thickening; pneumoconiosis; pulmonary fibrosis; radiological diagnosis; siderosis; silicosis; talc pneumoconiosis; tomography.
Central European Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, 1998, Vol.4, No.2, p.114-129. Illus. 20 ref.

CIS 99-129 Sorahan T., Hamilton L., Gompertz D., Levy L.S., Harrington J.M.
Quantitative risk assessments derived from occupational cancer epidemiology: A worked example
Topics: chromium and compounds; epidemiologic study; epidemiology; exposure evaluation; hazard evaluation; long-term exposure; lung cancer; prediction; risk factors; threshold limit values.
Annals of Occupational Hygiene, July 1998, Vol.42, No.5, p.347-352. 27 ref.

CIS 98-1683 Lehtinen S., Tossavainen A., Rantanen J.
Proceedings of the Asbestos Symposium for the Countries of Central and Eastern Europe
Topics: airborne dust; asbestos mining; asbestos processing industry; asbestos; asbestosis; cancer; chrysotile; conference; determination in air; diagnosis; Eastern Europe; exposure evaluation; Hungary; international cooperation; lung cancer; medical examinations; medical supervision; mesothelioma; morbidity; pleural thickening; respiratory diseases.
Finnish Institute of Occupational Health, Publication Office, Topeliuksenkatu 41 aA, 00250 Helsinki, Finland, 1998. v, 112p. Illus. Bibl.ref.

CIS 98-1659 Nana A., Youngchaiyud P., Reddy B.S.N., Ramesh V., Soebaryo R.W., Soebono H., Leung R., Emmett E.A., Uragoda C.G., Park H., Kanerva L.
Occupational allergies
Topics: allergens; allergies; Asia; asthma; dermatitis; eczema; health care personnel; Hong Kong; India; Indonesia; irritants; isocyanates; Korea D.P.R.; latex; limitation of exposure; sensitization dermatitis; sericulture; skin allergies; Sri Lanka; tea; textile industry; wheat.
Asian-Pacific Newsletter on Occupational Health and Safety, Apr. 1998, Vol.5, No.1, p.1-23 (whole issue). Illus. Bibl.ref.

CIS 98-1658 Zuskin E., Mustajbegovic J., Kanceljak B., Schachter E.N., Macan J., Budak A.
Respiratory function and immunological status in workers employed in a latex glove manufacturing plant
Topics: airborne dust; allergy tests; asthma; talc; chronic bronchitis; Croatia; determination in air; dyspnoea; epidemiologic study; immunology; irritation; latex; pulmonary function; respiratory diseases; respiratory function tests; rubber industry; sensitization; ventilatory capacity.
American Journal of Industrial Medicine, Feb. 1998, Vol.33, No.2, p.175-181. 44 ref.

CIS 98-1677 Lipscomb H.J., Dement J.M.
Respiratory diseases among union carpenters: Cohort and case-control analyses
Topics: age-linked differences; airborne dust; asthma; bronchitis; carpentry; case-control study; chronic bronchitis; cohort study; frequency rates; length of service; lung cancer; lung diseases; obstructive ventilatory impairment; respiratory diseases; sex-linked differences; USA.
American Journal of Industrial Medicine, Feb. 1998, Vol.33, No.2, p.131-150. 69 ref.

CIS 98-1656 Baur X., Huber H., Degens P.O., Allmers H., Ammon J.
Relation between occupational asthma case history, bronchial methacholine challenge, and specific challenge test in patients with suspected occupational asthma
Topics: allergens; allergy tests; asthma; methacholine; diagnosis; evaluation of technique; flour; hair preparations; inhalation tests; irritants; isocyanates; latex.
American Journal of Industrial Medicine, Feb. 1998, Vol.33, No.2, p.114-122. Illus. 37 ref.

CIS 98-1655 Perkner J.J., Fennelly K.P., Balkissoon R., Bartelson B.B., Ruttenber A.J., Wood R.P., Newman L.S.
Irritant-associated vocal cord dysfunction
Topics: diagnosis; dysphonia; epidemiologic study; irritants; mental disorders; pulmonary function; USA.
Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Feb. 1998, Vol.40, No.2, p.136-143. Illus. 39 ref.

CIS 98-1324 Górski P., Krakowiak A., Pazdrak K., Palczynski C., Ruta U., Walusiak J.
Nasal challenge test in the diagnosis of allergic respiratory diseases in subjects occupationally exposed to a high molecular allergen (flour)
Topics: allergic asthma; allergic respiratory disorders; allergic rhinitis; allergy tests; diagnosis; flour; pulmonary function; sensitization.
Occupational Medicine, Feb. 1998, Vol.48. No.2, p.91-97. Illus. 22 ref.

CIS 98-1490 Hodgson M.J., Morey P., Leung W.Y., Morrow L., Miller D., Jarvis B.B., Robbins H., Halsey J.F., Storey E.
Building-associated pulmonary disease from exposure to Stachybotrys chartarum and Aspergillus versicolor
Topics: air conditioning; buildings; determination in air; fungi; humidity; lung diseases; moulds; occupational health survey; offices; respiratory function tests; sick building syndrome; USA.
Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Mar. 1998, Vol.40. No.3, p.241-249. Illus. 54 ref.

CIS 98-1357 Sobaszek A., Edme J.L., Boulenguez C., Shirali P., Mereau M., Robin H., Haguenoer J.M.
Respiratory symptoms and pulmonary function among stainless steel welders
Topics: dyspnoea; France; functional respiratory disorders; length of exposure; pulmonary function; questionnaire survey; smoking; spirometry; stainless steel; ventilatory capacity; welding and cutting; welding fumes.
Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Mar. 1998, Vol.40. No.3, p.223-229. Illus. 23 ref.

CIS 98-1265 Burstyn I., Teschke K., Bartlett K., Kennedy S.M.
Determinants of wheat antigen and fungal α-amylase exposure in bakeries
Topics: allergic asthma; amylase; antigens; bakery products industry; dust measurement; exposure evaluation; flour; fungi; job-exposure relation; respirable dust; risk factors; wheat.
American Industrial Hygiene Association Journal, May 1998, Vol.59, No.5, p.313-320. Illus. 28 ref.

CIS 98-1243 Ross D.J., McDonald J.C.
Health and employment after a diagnosis of occupational asthma: A descriptive study
Topics: aggravation; asthma; diagnosis; evolution of disease; length of exposure; questionnaire survey; smoking.
Occupational Medicine, May 1998, Vol.48, No.4, p.219-225. Illus. 23 ref.

CIS 98-1440 Muzi G., Dell'Omo M., Abbritti G., Accattoli P., Fiore M.C., Gabrielli A.R.
Objective assessment of ocular and respiratory alterations in employees in a sick building
Topics: air-conditioned premises; allergens; epidemiologic study; eye irritation; inflammatory diseases of the eye; irritants; Italy; offices; respiratory function tests; respiratory impairment; sick building syndrome; skin tests.
American Journal of Industrial Medicine, July 1998, Vol.34, No.1, p.79-88. Illus. 57 ref.

CIS 98-1249
Health and Safety Executive
Medical aspects of occupational asthma
Topics: asthma; data sheet; diagnosis; hazard evaluation; irritants; legislation; medical examinations; medical supervision; notification of occupational diseases; occupational pathology; prognosis; respiratory impairment; responsibilities of employees; responsibilities of employers; sensitization; symptoms; United Kingdom.
HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 6FS, United Kingdom, 2nd ed., 1998. 10p. 11 ref. Price: GBP 6.00.

CIS 98-1264 Smith T.A., Wastell Smith P.
Respiratory symptoms and sensitization in bread and cake bakers
Topics: amylase; asthma; bakery products industry; dust measurement; epidemiologic study; flour; irritation; job-exposure relation; personal sampling; respirable dust; rhinitis; sensitization; skin tests; United Kingdom.
Occupational Medicine, July 1998, Vol.48, No.5, p.321-328. 23 ref.

CIS 98-1354 Şan L.N., Uysal H., Gökbel H., Bediz C.S., Sayal A.
Pulmonary function of workers in the aluminum industry
Topics: aluminium industry; aluminium; determination in blood; functional respiratory disorders; pulmonary function; spirometry; Turkey; ventilatory capacity.
American Journal of Industrial Medicine, Mar. 1998, Vol.33, No.3, p.305-307. 19 ref.

CIS 98-1369 Zuskin E., Mustajbegovic J., Schachter E.N., Kern J., Budak A., Godnic-Cvar J.
Respiratory findings in synthetic textile workers
Topics: asthma; Croatia; determination in air; dyspnoea; epidemiologic study; eye irritation; functional respiratory disorders; knitting, hosiery weaving; pulmonary function; respiratory diseases; respiratory impairment; sex-linked differences; sinusitis; smoking; synthetic fibre industry; synthetic fibres; textile industry; ventilatory capacity.
American Journal of Industrial Medicine, Mar. 1998, Vol.33, No.3, p.263-273. 36 ref.

CIS 98-976 NIOSH Alert - Preventing asthma in animal handlers
Topics: allergies; asthma; data sheet; experimental animals; handling of animals; livestock rearing; medical supervision; protective clothing; textile, garment and related trades workers; USA; ventilation design; veterinary services.
Publications Dissemination, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH), 4676 Columbia Parkway, Cincinnati, Ohio 45226-1998, USA, Jan. 1998, 11p. Illus. 33 ref.

CIS 98-781 Rix B.A., Villadsen E., Lynge E.
Hodgkin's disease, pharyngeal cancer and soft tissue sarcomas in Danish paper mill workers
Topics: epidemiologic study; length of service; sex-linked differences.
Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Jan. 1998, Vol.40, No.1, p.55-62. 49 ref.

CIS 98-766 Meijer E., Heederik D., Kromhout H.
Pulmonary effects of inhaled dust and fumes: Exposure-response study in rubber workers
Topics: acute toxicity; chronic toxicity; cross-sectional study; exposure evaluation; job-exposure relation; length of exposure; mists; Netherlands; personal sampling; pulmonary function; respirable dust; respiratory diseases; respiratory function tests; rubber industry; shift work; smoking.
American Journal of Industrial Medicine, Jan. 1998, Vol.33, No.1, p.16-23. 30 ref.

CIS 98-735 Milton D.K., Solomon G.M., Rosiello R.A., Herrick R.F.
Risk and incidence of asthma attributable to occupational exposure among HMO members
Topics: asthma; cohort study; exposure evaluation; morbidity; occupation disease relation; USA.
American Journal of Industrial Medicine, Jan. 1998, Vol.33, No.1, p.1-10. 45 ref.

CIS 98-707 Holland H.
Chrome effects
Topics: carcinogens; chrome ulcer; chromium and compounds; dermatological effects; diseases of nose and sinuses; electroplating; legislation; medical supervision; occupational hygiene evaluation; perforation of the nasal septum; questionnaire survey; respiratory diseases; skin diseases; ulceration of the nasal mucosa; United Kingdom.
Occupational Health, Mar. 1998, Vol.50, No.3, p.28-30. Illus. 14 ref.


CIS 08-594 Lehtinen S.
Asbestos, asbestosis and cancer
Proceedings of a conference on asbestos, asbestosis and cancer held in Helsinki, Finland, 20-22 January 1997. Topics addressed: exposure criteria for clinical diagnosis; use of chest imaging techniques; radiological and histological criteria for clinical diagnosis; asbestosis as a precursor of lung cancer; mesothelioma; adenocarcinoma; screening programmes and early diagnosis; guidelines for attributing lung cancer to asbestos.
Finnish Institute of Occupational Health, FIOH-Bookstore, Topeliuksenkatu 41 a A, 00250 Helsinki, Finland, 1997. iii, 98p. Illus. Bibl.ref.

CIS 01-1236 Rylander R.
Endotoxins in the environment: A criteria document
Bacterial endotoxins may be responsible for pulmonary diseases arising in a dust-contaminated environment. This criteria document reviews the available scientific information about endotoxins. Contents: environments with exposures to endotoxins; endotoxin structure; biochemistry and cell biology of endotoxins; human challenge studies with endotoxins; epidemiologic investigations (acute and chronic effects); evaluation of the risks of endotoxin exposures; environmental monitoring; analyses of endotoxins.
International Journal of Occupational and Environmental Health, Supplement to Jan.-Mar.1997, Vol.3, No.1, p.S1-S48 (whole issue). Illus. Bibl.ref.

CIS 01-514 Carta P.
5th ECSC Medical research programme
Respiratory symptoms and lung function among Sardinian coal miners
A cohort of 909 young miners employed in a Sardinian coal mine between 1977 and 1999 was analysed in a cross-sectional and a longitudinal study. Individual exposure to respirable mixed coal dust was assessed and chest X-ray and lung function measurements were performed. The study confirms a significant relationship between exposure to respirable mixed coal dust, an annual decline of functional parameters and the onset of respiratory symptoms. Age and smoking were associated with a decline in lung function. The effect of smoking seems to lead to functional manifestations of obstructive type whereas the effect of dust appears better correlated to a restrictive or mixed type of damage.
European Commission, Directorate General V, Employment, Industrial Relations and Social Affairs Directorate V/F, Public Health and Safety at Work Unit V/F/5 Occupational Health and Hygiene, EUROFORUM Building, 2920 Luxembourg, Grand Duchy of Luxembourg, 1997. 35p. Illus. 27 ref.

CIS 01-454 Serra R.
5th ECSC Medical research programme
Research to standardize exercice tests for early detection on respiratory and cardio-respiratory impairments in coal and steel workers of the ECSC
This document presents the results of the research on exercise tests for the early detection of respiratory and cardio-respiratory impairments in coal and steel workers, the aim of the project beeing to investigate the possibility of defining basic, practical criteria for a homogenous utilization of the methods in different laboratories. Tests were performed on steel and coal workers and control groups, who performed exercises on a bicycle ergometer. Lung function parameters, blood pressure and electrocardiometric measurements were conducted. A computer-controlled device simulating ventilatory volumes and different values for VO2-VCO2 was also tested.
European Commission, Directorate General V, Employment, Industrial Relations and Social Affairs Directorate V/F, Public Health and Safety at Work Unit V/F/5 Occupational Health and Hygiene, EUROFORUM Building, 2920 Luxembourg, Grand Duchy of Luxembourg, 1997. vi, 244p. Illus. Bibl.ref.

CIS 00-178 Kruize H., Post W., Heederik D., Martens B., Hollander A., van der Beek E.
Respiratory allergy in laboratory animal workers: A retrospective cohort study using pre-employment screening data
In a cohort of 99 research workers exposed to laboratory animals (average follow-up time of 9.7 years), 19 people (19.2%) reported laboratory animal allergy (LAA), as defined by a positive response to a set of questions. There were more people with asthmatic symptoms in the high exposure categories, and more atopic than non-atopic people reported asthmatic symptoms. The mean time until development of symptoms of LAA was about 109 months in non-atopic people and 45 months in atopic people. Time until development of symptoms was shorter at higher intensity of exposure, except for those exposed for less than two hours a week. Results indicate that exposure and atopy are significant predictors of LAA and that the risk of developing LAA remain present for a much longer period (>3y) than considered before.
Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Nov. 1997, Vol.54, No.11, p.830-835. 13 ref.

CIS 00-176 van Loon A.J.M., Kant I.J., Swaen G.M.H., Goldbohm R.A., Kremer A.M., van den Brandt P.A.
Occupational exposure to carcinogens and risk of lung cancer: Results from the Netherlands cohort study
A prospective cohort study on diet, other lifestyle factors, job history and cancer risk was started in 1986 in the Netherlands. After 4.3 years of follow-up, 524 lung cancer cases with complete job history were available. After adjustment for age, other occupational exposures, smoking and other factors, there were significant associations between risk of lung cancer and cumulative probability of exposure to asbestos or paint dust. Further analysis showed that after adjustment for smoking and diet, about 11.6% of lung cancer cases in men in the general population is attributable to lifetime occupational exposure to asbestos.
Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Nov. 1997, Vol.54, No.11, p.817-824. 45 ref.

CIS 00-131 Moliné Marco J.L., Solé Gomez M.D.
Airway obstruction: First aid
Obstrucción de las vías respiratorias: primeros auxilios [in Spanish]
Topics: children; data sheet; expectant mothers; first aid; first-aid training; foreign bodies; obesity; obstructive ventilatory impairment; physiology of respiratory system; Spain.
Instituto Nacional de Seguridad e Higiene en el Trabajo, Ediciones y Publicaciones, c/Torrelaguna 73, 28027 Madrid, Spain, 1997. 4p. Illus. 3 ref.

CIS 99-1974 Martínez González C., Rego Fernández G.
Respiratory diseases caused by inhalation of inorganic dust in the working environment
Patología respiratoria por inhalación de polvo inorgánico en el medio laboral [in Spanish]
Pneumoconioses, especially silicosis and asbestosis, are still frequent work-related diseases in spite of current preventive measures. Aggressive types of silicosis have been detected recently in such expanding industries as rock-processing. In addition to pneumoconioses, other adverse effects of mineral dust inhalation in the workplace have been detected in the last two decades. There is increasing evidence that occupational exposure to silica (and other mineral dust) could be a risk factor for bronchitis and chronic airflow limitation. The relationship between tuberculosis and silicosis is well known. Less clear is the possible relationship between tuberculosis and silica exposure. The carcinogenic effect of silica has been recently recognized. Topics: asbestosis; silica; coal dust; coalworkers pneumoconiosis; degree of disability; inorganic man-made fibres; literature survey; pneumoconiosis; respirable dust; respiratory diseases; siderosis; silicosis.
Medicina y seguridad del trabajo, 1997, Vol.44, No.175, p.47-57. 70 ref.

CIS 99-1952 Johnsen C.R., Sorensen T.B., Larsen A.I., Secher A.B., Andreasen E., Kofoed G.S., Nielsen L.F., Gyntelberg F.
Allergy risk in an enzyme producing plant: A restrospective follow up study
A study of workers at a plant producing detergent and other industrial enzymes showed that sensitization occurred to all types of enzymes handled in the plant, most often in the production areas and laboratories. 8.8% of workers developed clinical enzyme allergy during the first three years of employment. Ranking diagnoses of enzyme allergy by severity, the frequency of asthma was 5.3%, rhinitis 3.0% and urticaria 0.6%. Half of the cases occurred within the first 15 months of exposure. Smoking was an independent risk factor for clinical enzyme allergy, while atopic predisposition at the time of engagement was not. Topics: allergic asthma; allergic respiratory disorders; allergic rhinitis; enzymes; individual susceptibility; long-term study; pulmonary function; radioallergosorbent test; risk factors; sensitization; smoking; urticaria.
Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Sep. 1997, Vol.54, No.9, p.671-675. 30 ref.

CIS 99-1972 Stayner L., Smith R., Bailer J., Gilbert S., Steenland K., Dement J., Brown D., Lemen R.
Exposure-response analysis of risk of respiratory disease associated with occupational exposure to chrysotile asbestos
Analysis of data from a cohort mortality study of textile factory workers confirmed findings from previous investigations of a strong exposure-response relation between exposure to chrysotile asbestos and mortality from both lung cancer and asbestosis. The excess lifetime risk for white men exposed for 45 years at the revised OSHA standard of 0.1 fibre/mL was predicted to be 5/1000 for lung cancer and 2/1000 for asbestosis. Topics: asbestos processing industry; asbestosis; chrysotile; asbestos; cohort study; dose-response relationship; hazard evaluation; lung cancer; mathematical models; mortality; prediction.
Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Sep. 1997, Vol.54, No.9, p.646-652. Illus. 27 ref.

CIS 99-1971 Jakobsson K., Kronholm-Diab K., Rylander L., Hagmar L.
Airway symptoms and lung function in pipelayers exposed to thermal degradation products from MDI-based polyurethane
The prevalence of episodes of irritative eye symptoms, congestion of the nose and soreness or dryness in the throat was much higher among a group of pipelayers exposed to polyurethane (PUR) containing methylene diphenyl diisocyanate (MDI) than among unexposed controls. Most of the pipelayers with symptoms reported that these had started and occurred in relation to PUR welding tasks. Pipelayers with recent high PUR exposure showed a significant reduction of forced expiratory volume in one second compared with controls. Exposure to thermal degradation products from MDI-based polyurethane has adverse effects on the mucous membranes and airways. Topics: diphenylmethane diisocyanate; polyurethane; epidemiologic study; irritation; one-second forced expiratory volume; pipelaying; pulmonary function; pyrolysis products; respiratory diseases; smoking; welding and cutting.
Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Dec. 1997, Vol.54, No.12, p.873-879. 22 ref.

CIS 99-1967 Aiken T.C., Ward R., Peel E.T., Hendrick D.J.
Occupational asthma due to porcine pancreatic amylase
Case study of occupational asthma in a histopathology laboratory technician attributable to a powder preparation of the porcine pancreatic enzyme amylase. The diagnosis was confirmed by an inhalation challenge study which showed immediate and late asthmatic reactions associated with a significant increase in airway responsiveness to methacholine. Topics: amylase; asthma; case study; diagnosis; inhalation tests; laboratory work.
Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Oct. 1997, Vol.54, No.10, p.762-764. Illus. 8 ref.

CIS 99-1895 Meijers J.M.M., Swaen G.M.H., Slangen J.J.M.
Mortality of Dutch coalminers in relation to pneumoconiosis, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, and lung function
In a retrospective cohort study of 3,790 Dutch underground coal miners, excess mortalities from coal workers' pneumoconiosis (CWP) and chronic obstructive pulmonary diseases (COPD) were found. Diminished lung function at medical examination resulted in a significantly increased mortality from COPD, whereas normal lung function yielded expected mortalities from COPD. A positive correlation was also observed between diminished lung function and mortality from CWP. The risk of dying of COPD and CWP increased with decreasing body mass index at the time of medical examination. Topics: body weight; chronic bronchitis; coal dust; coal mining; coalworkers pneumoconiosis; cohort study; emphysema; lung diseases; mortality; Netherlands; pulmonary function.
Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Oct. 1997, Vol.54, No.10, p.708-713. 19 ref.

CIS 99-1531 Marcuccilli A., Detry H., Faure M., Hamel F., Metras E., Saenz. F., Campion S.
Analysis of the risk of occurrence of pulmonary and acute and subacute ear, nose and throat effects in woodworking shops - Data from January 1994 to January 1996
Analyse des risques de manifestations pulmonaires et ORL aiguës et subaiguës en ateliers de menuiserie bois - Receuil des données de janvier 1994 ŕ janvier 1996 [in French]
Topics: airborne dust; chips; cross-sectional study; diseases of ear and mastoid process; diseases of nose and sinuses; dust measurement; exotic woods; exposure evaluation; hazard evaluation; laryngeal diseases; one-second forced expiratory volume; questionnaire survey; respiratory diseases; risk factors; ventilatory capacity; wood dust; wood; woodworking industry.
Centre Interservices de Santé et de Médecine du travail en Entreprise, 31, rue Médéric, 75832 Paris Cedex 17, France, 1997. 55p. Illus. 36 ref.

CIS 99-1242 Stroh W.
Protective measures against sensitizers
Schutzmassnahmen für sensibilisierende Stoffe [in German]
Topics: allergens; allergic respiratory disorders; comment on law; Germany; harmful substances; limitation of exposure; sensitization; sensitizers; skin allergies.
Gefahrstoffe Reinhaltung der Luft, June 1997, Vol.57, No.6, p.254-255.

CIS 99-1171 Goldberg P., Leclerc A., Luce D., Morcet J.F., Brugčre J.
Laryngeal and hypopharyngeal cancer and occupation: Results of a case-control study
In a hospital-based case-control study carried out in France, there was an excess risk of laryngeal and hypopharyngeal cancer among service workers, agricultural and animal husbandry workers, miners and quarrymen, plumbers and pipe fitters, glass formers and potters, transport equipment operators and unskilled workers. Analysis by industrial branch showed an excess risk for coal mining, manufacture of metal products and administration and sanitary services. Results suggest that occupational exposure might have a role in generating these diseases and indicate the need for further evaluation of these findings and identification of the carcinogens which might account for the excess risks. Topics: case-control study; coal mining; laryngeal cancer; list of occupations; metalworking industry; occupation disease relation; pharyngeal cancer; services.
Occupational and Environmental Medicine, July 1997, Vol.54, No.7, p.477-482. 29 ref.

CIS 99-1248 Castro-Gutiérrez N., McConnell R., Andersson K., Pacheco-Antón F., Hogstedt C.
Respiratory symptoms, spirometry and chronic occupational paraquat exposure
In a study of 134 workers exposed to paraquat at 15 Nicaraguan banana plantations, 53% reported having experienced a skin rash or burn resulting from paraquat exposure, 25% reported epistaxis, 58% nail damage and 42% paraquat splashed in the eyes. There was a consistent dose-response relationship between intensity of exposure and the prevalence of dyspnoea. There was a three-fold increase in episodic wheezing accompanied by shortness of breath among the more intensely exposed workers. The high prevalence of respiratory symptoms associated with paraquat exposure, in the absence of spirometric abnormalities, could be a result of unmeasured gas exchange abnormalities among workers with long-term exposure to paraquat. Topics: chemical burns; crop protection; cross-sectional study; dose-response relationship; dyspnoea; functional respiratory disorders; long-term exposure; nail diseases; Nicaragua; paraquat; plantations; respiratory diseases; skin eruption; ventilatory capacity.
Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment and Health, Oct. 1997, Vol.23, No.6, p.421-427. 55 ref.

CIS 99-1209 Uitti J., Nordman H., Halmepuro L., Savolainen J.
Respiratory symptoms, pulmonary function and allergy to fur animals among fur farmers and fur garment workers
Rhinitis symptoms and eye complaints were significantly more common among fur garment workers than among a control group unexposed to fur. Symptom prevalence did not differ significantly between fur farmers and controls. Smoking explained the lower forced vital capacity and forced expiratory volume in one second of the fur garment workers. The prevalence of positive skin tests did not differ significantly between theexposed groups and the controls. Skin tests showed cross-reactivity between antibodies to fur and domestic animal allergens. Fur garment workers have an excess of rhinitis and eye symptoms which primarily appear to be nonimmunologic. Topics: allergens; allergies; animals; asthma; epidemiologic study; eye irritation; fur industry; furs; hypersensitivity; livestock rearing; maximal expiratory flow; one-second forced expiratory volume; pulmonary function; respiratory diseases; rhinitis; smoking.
Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment and Health, Oct. 1997, Vol.23, No.6, p.428-434. 18 ref.

CIS 99-1247 Schwaiblmair M., Vogelmeier C., Fruhmann G.
Occupational asthma in hairdressers: Results of inhalation tests with bleaching powder
Topics: asthma; bleaches; diagnosis; hair preparations; hairdressing; inhalation tests; respiratory function tests; skin tests.
International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health, 1997, Vol.70, p.419-423. Illus. 31 ref.

CIS 99-1184 Love R.G., Miller B.G., Groat S.K., Hagen S., Cowie H.A., Johnston P.P., Hutchison P.A., Soutar C.A.
Respiratory health effects of opencast coalmining: A cross sectional study of current workers
A study of current workers at nine opencast coal mines in the United Kingdom showed that the frequency of (mostly mild) chest radiographic abnormalities was associated with working in the dustier, preproduction jobs in the industry. Although some of these mild abnormalities may have been due to non-occupational factors (aging or smoking), the association with exposure indicates a small risk of pneumoconiosis in these men, and the need to monitor and control exposures, particularly in the high risk occupations. Topics: quartz; chest radiography; coal mining; cross-sectional study; mixed dust; opencast work; pneumoconiosis; respirable dust; respiratory diseases.
Occupational and Environmental Medicine, June 1997, Vol.54, No.6, p.416-423. Illus. 27 ref.

CIS 99-1246 Shepherd J.R., Hillerdal G., McLarty J.
Progression of pleural and parenchymal disease on chest radiographs of workers exposed to amosite asbestos
The first and last of a series of chest radiographs of 887 workers exposed to amosite were interpreted and coded according to ILO standards. Although most radiographs remained normal, some showed progression of disease with about twice as many patients with abnormalities on the last film. Various combinations of age, intensity of exposure and time between films were significant predictors of pleural and parenchymal disease and progression of such disease. An intense, yet short, exposure to amosite asbestos can produce pleural and parenchymal changes on chest radiographs. Age and intensity of exposure are the most important predictors of disease. Topics: age; amosite; asbestos processing industry; asbestos; chest radiography; cohort study; evolution of disease; pleural diseases; short-term exposure; smoking.
Occupational and Environmental Medicine, June 1997, Vol.54, No.6, p.410-415. Illus. 18 ref.

CIS 99-1277 Lundström N.G., Nordberg G., Englyst V., Gerhardsson L., Hagmar L., Jin T., Rylander L., Wall S.
Cumulative lead exposure in relation to mortality and lung cancer morbidity in a cohort of primary smelter workers
The lung cancer incidence in a cohort of 3,979 lead smelter workers was high. No excesses of other malignancies were found. Workers hired before 1950 had higher lung cancer risk estimates than those hired later. The increased risks were probably mainly due to interactions between lead and other carcinogenic exposures, including arsenic. Further study is required concerning these possible interactions before a role in the induction of lung cancer can be ascribed to lead. Topics: lead; copper; cohort study; determination in blood; lead industry; long-term exposure; lung cancer; morbidity; mortality; smelting plants; synergism.
Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment and Health, Feb. 1997, Vol.23, No.1, p.24-30. 41 ref.

CIS 99-868 Giannasi F., Thébaud-Mony A.
Occupational exposure to asbestos in Brazil
Exposiçőnes ocupacionais ao amianto no Brasil [in Portuguese]
Topics: asbestos processing industry; asbestos; asbestosis; Brazil; conditions of work; developing countries; legal aspects; limitation of exposure; lung cancer; mesothelioma; personal protective equipment; threshold limit values.
Revista CIPA, Oct. 1997, Vol.18, No.215, p.102-110. Illus. 7 ref.

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