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Base de datos CISDOC

ID (ISN) del documento61161
Número CIS 93-2095
ISSN - Título de la serie 0096-1736 - Journal of Occupational Medicine
Año 1992
Número de serie
Autor(es) Ryan J., Zwerling C., Jones M.
Título The effectiveness of preemployment drug screening in the prediction of employment outcome
Información bibliográfica Nov. 1992, Vol.34, No.11, p.1057-1063. 15 ref.
Resumen Studies of adverse employment outcomes associated with positive pre-employment drug screens have tracked employees for only about one year. Changes in drug use after hire may invalidate the predictions of employment outcome in later years which are essential for cost-benefit analyses. This blinded, prospective cohort study tracks absence, occupational accidents and injuries, discipline, and turnover in 2,537 screened employees through an average of two years. Marijuana-positive urine predicted increased turnover, accidents, injuries, discipline, and absence, but these risks appeared lower in the second year than in the first. Cocaine-positive urine predicted increased turnover, accidents, injuries, discipline, and absence at levels not consistently different from the first year. Cost-benefit analyses of drug screening project employment risks throughout employees' careers. This study raises the possibility that elevated risks may decrease after the first year.
Descriptores (primarios) Estados Unidos; farmacodependencia; exámenes médicos de contrato; aspectos económicos; tests de exposición; dependencia
Descriptores (secundarios) accidentes de trabajo; Massachusetts; medidas disciplinarias; absentismo por enfermedad; lesiones corporales; movilidad de la mano de obra
Tipo de documento D - Artículos periódicos
País / Estado o ProvinciaEstados Unidos
Tema(s) Psicología y sociología del trabajo
Broad subject area(s) Estrés, factores sicosociales
Navegación por categoria(s) Abuso de alcohol y drogas
Biological monitoring
Aspectos económicos