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ID (ISN) del documento60043
Número CIS 93-1045
ISSN - Título de la serie 0962-7480 - Occupational Medicine
Año 1993
Número de serie
Autor(es) Hollo C.D., Leigh J., Nurminen M.
Título The role of alcohol in work-related fatal accidents in Australia 1982-1984
Información bibliográfica Feb. 1993, Vol.43, No.1, p.13-17. 17 ref.
Resumen This paper describes the role of detectable blood alcohol in fatal work injuries. An attempt was made to identify all work-related fatalities that occurred throughout Australia in the period 1982-1984. 1737 fatal injury cases were classified as being work-related according to study definitions. The likelihood of inebriation was assessed without knowledge of the victim's blood alcohol concentration (BAC). In 1030 (59%) of the 1737 fatal work injury cases a BAC determinations was documented. Zero levels were detected in 867 fatalities (84%), and 163 cases (16%) had non-zero BAC. In the latter group the median BAC was 104mg%. Sixty-five per cent of measurable BAC cases had BAC greater than 50mg%. Fatality risk in the non-zero BAC group relative to that of the zero BAC group was elevated for the following factors: marital status - single (risk ratio (RR) = 1.7, 95 per cent confidence interval (CI) 1.1-2.8) or separated/divorced (RR = 2.4, CI 1.5-3.8); occupation as manager, executive or administrator (RR = 2.5, CI 1.5-5.8); and commuting (RR = 1.6, CI 1.2-2.0). In fatal vehicle accidents, BAC ≥ 50mg% was measured significantly more frequently and BAC < 50mg% less frequently than BAC = 0, while non-vehicular workplace accidents were less likely to have involved a high BAC.
Descriptores (primarios) accidentes de trabajo; Australia; dosificación en la sangre; alcoholismo y accidentes; casos mortales; alcoholismo
Descriptores (secundarios) factores de riesgo; lugares de trabajo
Tipo de documento D - Artículos periódicos
País / Estado o ProvinciaAustralia; Finlandia
Tema(s)
Broad subject area(s) Estrés, factores sicosociales
Navegación por categoria(s) Psychological factors
Abuso de alcohol y drogas