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Base de datos CISDOC

ID (ISN) del documento59896
Número CIS 93-679
ISSN - Título de la serie 0019-8366 - Industrial Health
Año 1991
Número de serie
Autor(es) Wada Y., Kamiyama S., Koizumi A.
Título Negligible risk of horizontal transmission of hepatitis B virus among mechanics and salespersons in the automobile industry
Información bibliográfica 1991, Vol.29, p.161-165. 12 ref.
Resumen Transmission of hepatitis B virus (HBV) among hospital patients and medical staff has been well documented. The high prevalence of hepatitis B antigen (HBsAg) carriers in the Japanese population makes horizontal transmission in other occupational settings a real concern, but the actual risk of HBV infection has been unknown. The permanent work force of 44 automobile dealerships in Akita Prefecture (220 locations) was screened for HBsAg as part of routine medical examinations. Blood samples positive for HBsAg were tested for HBV core antigen to confirm the presence of persistent infection. The prevalence of HBV infection was much higher among subjects aged 35-44 than in other age groups. This reflects the hepatitis epidemics that followed the introduction of pertussis and polio vaccination programmes in 1948. The fact that infection did not spread into other age cohorts in these workplaces indicates that the risk of horizontal transmission is negligible when contact with biological fluids is unlikely.
Descriptores (primarios) Japón; contagio; industria del automóvil; valoración del riesgo; hepatitis vírica
Descriptores (secundarios) dosificación en la sangre
Tipo de documento D - Artículos periódicos
País / Estado o ProvinciaJapón
Tema(s) Cemercio, servicios, oficinas
Broad subject area(s) Riesgos biológicos
Navegación por categoria(s) Liver diseases
Viral diseases (other than aids)
Motor vehicle manufacturing industry
Risk evaluation
Bacterial and parasitic diseases