ILO Home
Volver a la página de entrada
Site map | Contact us English | Français

Base de datos CISDOC

ID (ISN) del documento58657
Número CIS 92-1538
ISSN - Título de la serie 0105-1873 - Contact Dermatitis
Año 1992
Número de serie
Autor(es) Kristensen O.
Título A prospective study of the development of hand eczema in an automobile manufacturing industry
Información bibliográfica May 1992, Vol.26, No.5, p.341-345. 16 ref.
Resumen To try do define individual predictive risk factors for the development of hand eczema and to determine the prevalence of hand eczema within 1 year in an automobile manufacturing industry, 1564 new employees were investigated during one year of employment. The employees were personally interviewed and examined before their employment. Written questionnaires were used at 3 and 12 months to obtain information on type of work, exposure, protection and hand dermatitis. All patients developing hand eczema were examined, patch tested and followed to determine the course and consequence of their eczema. The risk turned out to be only 4% on average, but significantly higher in females (6%). Certain sections within the factory such as wet work and work in the paint shop with high exposure to organic solvents carried significantly higher risks. Individual risk factors for the development of hand eczema were previous hand eczema, atopic dermatitis, but also wool intolerance and hay fever as isolated phenomena. Most cases of hand eczema were mild, of the irritant contact type and only one employee developed an allergic contact dermatitis due to the working environment. This study is the first large-scale prospective investigation of occupational hand eczema in employees in the automobile manufacturing industry.
Descriptores (primarios) dermatitis de sensibilización; alergias cutáneas; factores de riesgo; industria del automóvil; eczema
Descriptores (secundarios) Suecia; disolventes orgánicos; encuesta por cuestionario; exámenes médicos; tests cutáneos; mujeres; encuesta epidemiológica
Tipo de documento D - Artículos periódicos
País / Estado o ProvinciaSuecia
Tema(s) Patología profesional
Broad subject area(s) Medicina del trabajo, epidemiología
Navegación por categoria(s) Motor vehicle manufacturing industry
Alergias
Skin diseases