|ID (ISN) del documento||50054|
|ISSN - Título de la serie
||0355-3140 - Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment and Health
|Número de serie
||Ulfvarson U., Alexandersson R., Aringer L., Svensson E., Hedenstierna G., Hogstedt C., Holmberg B., Rosén G., Sorsa M.
||Effects of exposure to vehicle exhaust on health
||Dec. 1987, Vol.13, No.6, p.505-512. 39 ref.
||Exposure to combustion engine exhaust and its effect on crews of roll-on roll-off ships and car ferries and on bus garage staff were studied. The peak concentrations recorded for some of the substances were: total particulates (diesel only) 1.0mg/m3, benzene (diesel) 0.3mg/m3, formaldehyde (gasoline and diesel) 0.8mg/m3, and nitrogen dioxide (diesel) 1.2mg/m3. The highest observed concentration of benzo(a)pyrene was 30ng/m3 from gasoline and diesel exhaust. In an experimental study, in which volunteers were exposed to diesel exhaust diluted with air to achieve a nitrogen dioxide concentration of 3.8mg/m3, no effect on pulmonary function was observed. Pulmonary function was affected during a workday of occupational exposure to engine emissions, but it normalised after a few days with no exposure. The impairment of pulmonary function had no appreciable, adverse, short-term impact on individual work capacity. Analyses of urinary mutagenicity and thioether excretion showed no sign of exposure to genotoxic compounds among the occupationally exposed workers or among the subjects in the experimental study.
||trastornos funcionales respiratorios; efectos genéticos; gases de escape; vehículos de carretera
||efectos mutágenos; tioéteres; dosificación en la orina; barcos de rueda motriz; investigaciones sobre el hombre; garages
|Tipo de documento
||D - Artículos periódicos
||Sustancias tóxicas y peligrosas
|Broad subject area(s)
|Navegación por categoria(s)
||Antifertility and prenatal effects
Genetic factors in reaction to exposures
Diseases of the respiratory system (except for pneumoconiosis & similar)