ILO Home
Volver a la página de entrada
Site map | Contact us English | Français

Base de datos CISDOC

ID (ISN) del documento48716
Número CIS 87-1374
ISSN - Título de la serie 0304-3894 - Journal of Hazardous Materials
Año 1987
Número de serie
Autor(es) Heising C.D.
Título Risk assessment: controlling hazardous materials
Información bibliográfica May 1987, Vol.15, No.1-2, p.123-135. Illus. 19 ref.
Resumen Recent events such as the Bhopal chemical plant accident in India and the Chernobyl nuclear plant accident in the USSR have demonstrated that technologies have the potential to release hazardous materials to the environment with catastrophic consequences. This paper discusses probabilistic risk assessment (PRA) and suggests that this methodology can be useful in the regulatory arena. This conclusion is based both on previous experience (e.g. the Reactor Safety Study) and growing interest in the methodology from many different sectors, including regulatory agencies such as EPA, NASA, OSHA, and NRC, the military, in addition to the private sector, such as insurance companies. Since human error is a major contributor to accident risk in large technologies, this paper also discusses at some length how such error may be quantified in risk assessments, as well as how risk may be reduced through improved management practices. Finally, regulatory developments in this area, and future directions for change, are also highlighted.
Descriptores (primarios) substancias peligrosas; catástrofes; valoración del riesgo; industria química
Descriptores (secundarios) legislación; Estados Unidos
Tipo de documento D - Artículos periódicos
Tema(s) Transportes y comunicaciones
Broad subject area(s) Riesgos químicos
Navegación por categoria(s) Chemical industry
Risk evaluation