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Base de datos CISDOC

ID (ISN) del documento112398
Número CIS 12-0159
ISSN - Título de la serie 1076-2752 - Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
Año 2011
Número de serie
Autor(es) Mikulski M.A., Hartley P.G., Sprince N.L., Sanderson W.T., Lourens S., Worden N.E., Wang K., Fuortes L.J.
Título Risk and significance of chest radiograph and pulmonary function abnormalities in an elderly cohort of former nuclear weapons workers
Información bibliográfica Sep. 2011, Vol.53, No.9, p.1046-1053. 43 ref.
Acceso Internet Risk_and_significance_[BUY_THIS_ARTICLE] [en inglés]
Resumen The objective of this study was to estimate prevalence and risk factors for International Labour Organization radiographic abnormalities, and assess relationship of these abnormalities with spirometry results in former Department of Energy nuclear weapons workers. Participants were offered chest x-ray (CXR) and lung function testing. Three occupational medicine physicians read CXRs. Forty-five (5.9%) of 757 screened workers were found to have isolated parenchymal abnormalities on CXR and this rate is higher than that in many Department of Energy studies. Parenchymal and pleural abnormalities were found in 19 (2.5%) and 37 (4.9%) workers, respectively, and these rates are lower than those in other Department of Energy (DoE) studies to date. Lung function impairment was associated with radiographic abnormalities. This study found an elevated rate of parenchymal abnormalities compared to other DoE populations but the effect of age or other causes could not be ruled out.
Descriptores (primarios) Estados Unidos; función pulmonar; clasificaciones radiológicas; trabajadores de edad; industria del armamento
Descriptores (secundarios) berilio; bario; amianto; espirometría; valoración de la exposición; observación de larga duración; estudio de cohorte
Tipo de documento D - Artículos periódicos
Tema(s) Metalurgia, trabajo de los metales
Patología profesional
Sustancias tóxicas y peligrosas
Broad subject area(s) Medicina del trabajo, epidemiología
Riesgos químicos
Navegación por categoria(s) Metalworking industry
Diseases of the respiratory system (except for pneumoconiosis & similar)
Neumoconiosis