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Base de datos CISDOC

ID (ISN) del documento112315
Número CIS 12-0133
ISSN - Título de la serie 1351-0711 - Occupational and Environmental Medicine
Año 2011
Número de serie
Autor(es) Van Dyke M.V., Martyny J.W., Mroz M.M., Silveira L.J., Strand M., Cragle D.L., Tankersley W.G., Wells S.M., Newman L.S., Maier L.A.
Título Exposure and genetics increase risk of beryllium sensitization and chronic beryllium disease in the nuclear weapons industry
Información bibliográfica Nov. 2011, Vol.68, No.11, p.842-848. 39 ref.
Acceso Internet Exposure_and_genetics_increase_risk_[INTERNET_FREE_ACCESS] [en inglés]
Resumen Beryllium sensitisation (BeS) and chronic beryllium disease (CBD) are caused by exposure to beryllium with susceptibility affected by at least one well-studied genetic host factor, a glutamic acid residue at position 69 (E69) of the HLA-DPß chain (DPßE69). The goal of this study was to determine the relationship between DPßE69 and exposure in BeS and CBD. 181 current and former workers from a nuclear weapons production facility were enrolled in a case-control study including 35 individuals with BeS and 19 with CBD. HLA-DPB1 genotypes were determined by PCR-SSP. Beryllium exposures were assessed through worker interviews and industrial hygiene assessment of work tasks. Multivariate models showed a sixfold (odds ratio (OR) 6.06) increased odds for BeS and CBD combined among DPßE69 carriers and a fourfold (OR 3.98) increased odds for those exposed over an assigned lifetime-weighted average exposure of 0.1 ¿g/m3. Those with both risk factors had higher increased odds (OR 24.1). DPßE69 carriage and high exposure to beryllium appear to contribute individually to the development of BeS and CBD. Among workers at a beryllium-using facility, the magnitude of risk associated with either elevated beryllium exposure or carriage of DPßE69 alone appears to be similar.
Descriptores (primarios) Estados Unidos; berilio; sensibilización; beriliosis; sensibilidad individual; industria del armamento; factores de riesgo
Descriptores (secundarios) valoración de la exposición; valoración estadística; efectos genéticos
Tipo de documento D - Artículos periódicos
Tema(s) Metalurgia, trabajo de los metales
Sustancias tóxicas y peligrosas
Patología profesional
Broad subject area(s) Medicina del trabajo, epidemiología
Riesgos químicos
Navegación por categoria(s) Diseases of the respiratory system (except for pneumoconiosis & similar)
Metalworking industry