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Base de datos CISDOC

ID (ISN) del documento111910
Número CIS 11-0564
ISSN - Título de la serie 0271-3586 - American Journal of Industrial Medicine
Año 2009
Número de serie
Autor(es) Tak S., Davis R.R., Calvert G.M.
Título Exposure to hazardous workplace noise and use of hearing protection devices among US workers - NHANES, 1999-2004
Información bibliográfica 2009, Vol.52, p.358-371. Illus. 40 ref.
Resumen The objective of this study was to analyze the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) data collected by the NIOSH from 1999 to 2004 to estimate the prevalence of workplace noise exposure and use of hearing protection devices (HPDs) at noisy work. A total of 9,275 currently employed workers aged ≥16 years were included in the weighted analysis. Hazardous workplace noise exposure was defined as self-reported exposure to noise at their current job that was so loud that the respondent had to speak in a raised voice to be heard. Industry and occupation were determined based on the respondent's current place and type of work. Of the 9,275 workers included in the analysis, 1,462 (15.8%) reported hazardous workplace noise exposure at their current job. Overall, 22 million US workers (17%) reported exposure to hazardous workplace noise. The weighted prevalence of workplace noise exposure was highest for mining (76%) followed by lumber/wood product manufacturing (55%). High-risk occupations included repair and maintenance, motor vehicle operators, and construction trades. Overall, 34% of the estimated 22 million United States workers reporting hazardous workplace exposure reported non-use of HPDs. The proportion of noise-exposed workers who reported non-use of HPDs was highest for healthcare and social services (73.7%), followed by educational services (55.5%). Hearing loss prevention and intervention programmes should be targeted at those industries and occupations identified to have a high prevalence of workplace noise exposure and those industries with the highest proportion of noise-exposed workers who reported non-use of HPDs.
Descriptores (primarios) Estados Unidos; ruido; consciencia de seguridad; valoración de la exposición; protección del oído; relación trabajo-exposición
Descriptores (secundarios) déficit de la audición; comportamiento humano; encuesta por cuestionario; suministro de equipo de protección; instituciones publicas de prevencion; ensenanza; minas; industria maderera; transformación de metales; construcciones y obras publicas; personal de los servicios de salud
Tipo de documento D - Artículos periódicos
Tema(s) Ruido, audición, vibraciones
Protección individual
Broad subject area(s) Riesgos físicos
Navegación por categoria(s) Hearing protection
Noise