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Base de datos CISDOC

ID (ISN) del documento111891
Número CIS 11-0499
ISSN - Título de la serie 0271-3586 - American Journal of Industrial Medicine
Año 2010
Número de serie
Autor(es) Dement J.M., Welch L., Ringen K., Bingham E., Quinn P.
Título Airways obstruction among older construction and trade workers at Department of Energy nuclear sites
Información bibliográfica 2010, Vol.53, p.224-240. Illus. 65 ref.
Resumen A study of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) among 7579 current and former workers participating in medical screening programs at Department of Energy (DOE) nuclear weapons facilities through September 2008 was undertaken. Participants provided a detailed work and exposure history, and underwent a respiratory examination that included a respiratory history, respiratory symptoms, chest radiographs classified by International Labour Office (ILO) criteria, and spirometry. Statistical models were developed to generate group-level exposure estimates that were used in multivariate logistic regression analyses to explore the risk of COPD in relation to exposures to asbestos, silica, cement dust, welding, paints, solvents, and dusts/fumes from paint removal. Risk for COPD in the study population was compared to risk for COPD in the general US population. Statistically significant associations were observed for COPD and exposures to asbestos, silica, welding, cement dusts and some tasks associated with exposures to paints, solvents and removal of paints. The study demonstrated increased COPD risk due to occupational exposures and was able to identify specific exposures increasing risk.
Descriptores (primarios) Estados Unidos; síndrome obstructivo; valoración de la exposición; trabajadores de edad; industria del armamento; relación trabajo-exposición; factores de riesgo
Descriptores (secundarios) sílice; amianto; polvos en suspensión aérea; cemento; humos de soldadura; eliminación de pintura; síntomas; espirometría; radiografía de tórax; valoración estadística; exámenes médicos; construcciones y obras publicas
Tipo de documento D - Artículos periódicos
Tema(s) Patología profesional
Otras indústrias y profesiones
Broad subject area(s) Medicina del trabajo, epidemiología
Industrias y ocupaciones
Navegación por categoria(s) Diseases of the respiratory system (except for pneumoconiosis & similar)
Older workers