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Base de datos CISDOC

ID (ISN) del documento111671
Número CIS 11-0432
ISSN - Título de la serie 0271-3586 - American Journal of Industrial Medicine
Año 2011
Número de serie
Autor(es) Tak S., Calvert G.M.
Título The estimated national burden of physical ergonomic hazards among US workers
Información bibliográfica 2011, Vol.54, p.395-404. Illus. 36 ref.
Resumen The objective of this study was to estimate the national burden of physical ergonomic hazards among working adults in the United States. The population prevalence and the total number of workers who are exposed to physical ergonomic hazards, such as vibration, working in cramped space, kneeling, body bending or twisting, climbing and repetitive motions were estimated using Occupational Information Network (O*NET) data and the Occupational Employment Statistics (OES) from the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS), stratified by occupation title. Repetitive motion was the most prevalent of all ergonomic hazards (27% of workers are estimated to be exposed continually). Bending or twisting of the body more than half their time at work was also common, involving over 32 million workers (25% of the workforce). Kneeling, crouching, stooping, or crawling was another ergonomic hazard that 14 million workers perform more than half their time at work. Almost 4 million workers climb ladders, scaffolds, poles, etc. for more than half their time at work. It is also estimated that over 13 million workers (10% of the workforce) are exposed to cramped workspace that requires getting into awkward positions every day. Finally, about 3.5 million workers (2.7% of the workforce) are estimated to be exposed to whole body vibration every day.
Descriptores (primarios) Estados Unidos; vibración de los brazos y manos; vibración en todo el cuerpo; trabajo repetitivo; enfermedades del aparato locomotor; postura en el trabajo; ergonomía; factores de riesgo
Descriptores (secundarios) locales; postura en cuclillas; postura arrodillada; valoración estadística; bases de datos automatizadas
Tipo de documento D - Artículos periódicos
Tema(s) Patología profesional
Ergonomia, organización del trabajo
Broad subject area(s) Fisiología, ergonomía
Medicina del trabajo, epidemiología
Navegación por categoria(s) Ergonomics
Diseases of the musculoskeletal system
Risk evaluation