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ID (ISN) del documento110806
Número CIS 10-0383
ISSN - Título de la serie 0105-1873 - Contact Dermatitis
Año 2010
Número de serie
Autor(es) Rui F., Bovenzi M., Prodi A., Belloni Fortina A., Romano I., Peserico A.,, Corradin M.T., Carrabba E., Larese Filon F.
Título Nickel, cobalt and chromate sensitization and occupation
Información bibliográfica Apr. 2010, Vol.62, No.4, p.225-231. 39 ref.
Resumen Exposure to nickel, cobalt and chromate are important causes of occupational contact dermatitis. The aim of this study was to estimate the prevalence of nickel, cobalt and chromate allergy in a population of consecutive patients of an occupational health clinic in Italy, and to investigate the possible association with individual and occupational risk factors. A total of 14,464 patients (67.6% women and 32.4% men) with suspected allergic dermatitis underwent patch tests. The associations between patch test results and occupations were studied by multivariate logistic regression analysis. Positive reactions to nickel sulfate were observed in 24.6% of the patients, while 10.2% reacted positively to cobalt chloride and 8.7% to potassium dichromate. Nickel sensitization was higher in women aged 26-35 years in comparison with the youngest group (15-25 years) and the older group (> 45 years). In women, the prevalence of positive reactions to nickel was positively associated with metal and mechanical work. Chromate sensitization was more prevalent in building trade workers for both women and men. Cobalt sensitization was associated with textile and leather work in women.
Descriptores (primarios) cromatos; cobalto y sus compuestos; níquel y sus compuestos; sensibilización; eczema
Descriptores (secundarios) Italia; sulfato de níquel; dicromato potásico; enfermedades profesionales; tests cutáneos; valoración estadística; mujeres; diferencias por la edad
Tipo de documento D - Artículos periódicos
Tema(s) Patología profesional
Broad subject area(s) Riesgos químicos
Navegación por categoria(s) Skin diseases
Métodos estadísticos
Nickel and compounds
Mujeres