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ID (ISN) del documento108306
Número CIS 08-900
Año 2006
Número de serie HSE Research Report 470
Autor(es) Miller B.G., Cowie H.A., Soutar C.A.
Health and Safety Executive
Título Coal mine dust as a benchmark for standards for other poorly soluble dusts: Partial position report
Información bibliográfica HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 2WA, United Kingdom, 2006. iv, 19p. 11 ref.
Acceso Internet http://www.hse.gov.uk/research/rrpdf/rr470.pdf [en inglés]
Resumen The aim of this study was to review the epidemiological evidence that could justify applying quantitative risks of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (derived from coal miners' studies to low solubility dusts in general, using lung function and respiratory symptoms data as diagnostic markers. Work involved comparing published effects of low toxicity mineral dust exposures on lung function in four occupational groups (coal miners, talc workers, PVC workers and heavy clay workers). Coalminers and talc workers had similar exposure levels. PVC workers had lower average exposure levels, but this may be due to an underestimation of cumulative dust exposure in this population. Coalminers showed a decline of 0.19 standardised units of FEV1 for 100 units increase in dust exposure. Corresponding values for talc and PVC were 0.26 and 0.66 respectively. Relative risks of reporting symptoms were very similar for coalminers and heavy clay workers; they could not be calculated for talc or PVC workers, but were clearly of the same order of magnitude.
Descriptores (primarios) polvos en suspensión aérea; polvos de carbón; factores de riesgo; polvos respirables; función pulmonar; síndrome obstructivo
Descriptores (secundarios) revisión bibliográfica; Reino Unido; informe; cloruro de polivinilo; arcilla; talco; mineria del carbón; epidemiología; diagnostico; volumen espiratorio máximo por segundo; valoración de la exposición; industria de productos minerales no metálicos; síntomas
Tipo de documento E - Libros, informes, actas
País / Estado o ProvinciaReino Unido
Tema(s) Polvos, aerosoles
Broad subject area(s) Riesgos químicos
Navegación por categoria(s) Diseases of the respiratory system (except for pneumoconiosis & similar)