ILO Home
Go to the home page
Site map | Contact us Français | Español

CISDOC database

Document ID (ISN)78822
CIS number 02-847
ISSN - Serial title 0212-1050 - Mapfre seguridad
Year 2002
Convention or series no.
Author(s) Fernández García G., García Menéndez R., Ganga Alonso A.
Title Possibility of replacing hazardous raw materials by less hazardous substances in the production process
Original title Posibilidad de sustitución de materias primas peligrosas por otras que entrañen menor peligro en el proceso productivo [in Spanish]
Bibliographic information 1st Quarter 2002, Vol.22, No.85, p.17-23. Illus. 8 ref.
Abstract The industrial production of pottery decorated using silk-screen printing techniques requires the use of synthetic pigments, most of which represent a hazard to workers' health due to their physical and chemical properties (instability at high temperatures) and their toxicology. Consequently, these cadmium- or lead-based pigments need to be replaced by less harmful products, in particular to prevent the risk of lead poisoning. The pigments industry has developed several low-toxicity products. A test was carried out with new low-toxicity red pigments in order to determine their high-temperature stability and to compare their shades with those of red pigments used until now. It was found that these new pigments exhibit comparable shades while at the same time having lower toxicities and lower costs of production than pigments in current use.
Descriptors (primary) dangerous substances; pigments; pottery industry; substitution; toxic substances
Descriptors (secondary) cadmium and compounds; serial radiography; lead and compounds
Document type D - Periodical articles
Country / State or ProvinceSpain
Subject(s) Materials, glass and ceramics
Broad subject area(s) Chemical safety
Browse category(ies) Glass, pottery and related materials