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Document ID (ISN)78723
CIS number 02-822
ISSN - Serial title 0105-1873 - Contact Dermatitis
Year 2002
Convention or series no.
Author(s) Jia X., Xiao P., Shen G., Wang X., Jin T., Nordberg G.
Title Adverse effects of gasoline on the skin of exposed workers
Bibliographic information Jan. 2002, Vol.46, No.1, p.44-47. 27 ref.
Abstract Gasoline is widely used as a cleaning solvent in industry. Its effects on the skin were studied in 52 exposed workers and 52 control subjects in the clothing industry (all women). Information about general conditions, history of dermatosis and changes in skin after exposure to gasoline was obtained through interviews. Ceramide, fatty acid and cholesterol collected on the last working day before the weekend from the backs of the hands were analysed by high-performance thin-layer chromatography. The results showed that prevalences of hyperkeratosis, dryness, onychosis and dermatitis were clearly higher in exposed workers than in the control group, prevalence ratios being 3.33, 3.00, 11.25 and 5.00, respectively. Fissures and onychorrhexis were the common symptoms in exposed workers. The stratum corneum lipid levels of ceramide, fatty acid and cholesterol were significantly lower in the exposed group than in the control group.
Descriptors (primary) symptoms; skin diseases; degreasing; women; clothing industry; motor fuel
Descriptors (secondary) fissural dermatitis; fatty acids; cholesterol; dermatitis; thin-layer chromatography; case-control study; skin tests; skin microtrauma; hyperkeratosis
Document type D - Periodical articles
Country / State or ProvinceChina; Sweden
Subject(s) Occupational pathology
Broad subject area(s) Chemical safety
Browse category(ies) Skin diseases
Clothing and finished textile products industry